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ANALISA PENGARUH PERUBAHAN VOLTASE DAN JARAK ANODA-KATODA

TERHADAP KETEBALAN LAPISAN PERMUKAAN PADA PROSES


ELECTROPLATING CHROM DEKORATIF (LAPIS TEMBAGA, NIKEL, DAN
CHROM)

ANALYSIS EFFECT OF VOLTAGE AND ANODECHATODE DISTANCE CHANGES


TO COAT SURFACE THICKNESS ON DECORATIVE CHROM ELECTROPLATING
PROCESS (LINE OF COPPER, NICKEL, AND CHROM)

Created by SAMUDRO, DIMAS

Subject: Elektrometalurgi
Keyword: Voltase
Arus
Jarak antara Anoda dan Katoda
Tebal Pelapisan

[ Description ]

Sejalan dengan perkembangan industri logam di Indonesia yang saat ini maju dengan
sangat pesat, termasuk berbagai pendukungnya. Kita lihat setiap harinya dari kebutuhan
rumah tangga, automotif, dan elektronika serta lainnya, telah mengalami proses finishing
logam yang salah satunya adalah lapis listrik (electroplating). Lapis listrik khususnya
pelapisan chrom dekoratif yang mempunyai fungsi antara lain: memperbaiki penampilan,
memberikan perlindungan terhadap korosi, dan tahan terhadap goresan atau gesekan,
sehingga pelapisan chrom dekoratif ini banyak sekali digunakan. Pelapisan logam dengan
elektroplating dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik pelapisan dasar chrom yang
sangat tergantung pada pelapisan dasar (dekoratif), yang mana untuk lapis dasar
menggunakan tembaga dan nikel, dan baru pada lapis terakhir menggunakan chrom.
Benda kerja dalam proses pelapisan ini menggunakan plat baja. Parameter dalam
penelitian ini menggunakan variasi tegangan (voltase) 1,2,3,..9,10,12,16,20,24, dan 28
volt dengan arus, waktu, dan temperatur larutan elektrolit tiap pelapisan di jaga konstan.
Hasil yang didapat lalu dianalisa secara statistik dengan bantuan software Minitab. Dari
hasil penelitian ini, disimpulkan bahwa pengaruh perubahan voltase dengan perbedaan
jarak antara anoda atau logam pelapis (elektroda bermuatan positif) dan katoda atau
specimen uji (Elektroda bermuatan negatif) dalam pelapisan Chrom dekoratif sangat
berpengaruh terhadap ketebalan pelapisan permukaan specimen yang dilapis. Dari hasil
penelitian yang didapatkan, dipilih kriteria ketebalan lapisan chrom dekoratif yang
optimal (mengkilap) yaitu terjadi pada voltase 12V, dengan jarak antara anoda-katoda
295 mm dan tebal lapisan mencapai 19 Um.

Alt. Description
In line with growth of metal industry in Indonesian which in this time go forward fast
considerably, including various his supporter. We see every day him from requirement of
household, automotive, and other electronics and also, have experienced of process of
finishing metal which one of them is enduing electrics (electroplating). Endue electrics
specially veneering of decorative chrom having function for example: repairing
appearance, giving protection to corosion, and hold up to friction or incision, so that
veneering of this decorative chrom a lot of used. Veneering of metal with electroplating
in this research use technique veneering of base of chrom very depend on veneering of
base (decorative), which to endue base use nickel and copper, and newly at enduing last
use chrom. Object work in course of this veneering use steel plate. Parameter in this
researchs use tension variation voltage 1,2,3,..9,10,12,16,20,24, and 28 volt with current,
time, and electrolyte condensation temperature every veneering in taking care of
constant. Got result is then analysed statistically constructively Minitab software. From
this research result, please conclude that influence of change of voltage with difference of
distance between metal or anode of coat (electrode of positive capacity) and cathode of
specimen test (electrode of negative capacity) in veneering of chrom decorative very have
an effect on to thick veneering of surface of endued specimen. Of got research result, to
be selected by thick criterion coat of chrom decorative the optimalness (shines) that is
happened at voltage 12V, with distance among anode-chatode 295 mm and thick tired
coat 19 Um.

Contributor : DR. Ing. Suhardjono, Msc


Date Create : 21/06/2009
Type : Text
Format : pdf
Language : Indonesian
Identifier : ITS-Undergraduate-3100009034285
Collection ID : 3100009034285
Call Number : RSM 671.732 Sam a

Source :
Undergraduate Theses, Machine Engineering, RSM 671.732 Sam a, 2008

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