Anda di halaman 1dari 73

GB/T 12202007

ICS 77. 140. 20


H 40

GB
National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China
GB/T 12202007
In place of GB/T 12201992
_______________________________________________________________________________

Stainless Steel Bars

Issued on 14-05-2007

implemented on 01-12-2007

By General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the Peoples


Republic of China and Standardization Administration Committee of the People's Republic of
China

GB/T 12202007

Forward
This Standard is to be implemented in place of GB/T 12201992: Stainless steel bars.
In comparison with Standard GB/T 12201992, the alterations of this Standard include the
following points:
It has added Technical terms and definitions and Contents in order sheet (See
Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 hereof);
Dimensions, contour, weight and permissible deviation is changed to direct quotation
of stipulations specified in universal basic standard (Chapter 4 of 1992 edition; Chapter
6 of this edition);
It has cancelled 6 grades, including 1Cr18Mn10Ni5Mo3N, 1Cr18Mn12Mo2Ti,
0Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti, 1Cr18Ni5Mo12Mo3Ti, 1Cr18Ni9Ti and 0Cr26Ni5Mo2, etc (Table 2
and Table 3 of 1992 Edition);
It has added 6 grades and their properties, in including 022Cr18Mn22Ni5Mo3N,
022Cr23Ni5Mo3N, 022Cr25Ni6Mo2N, 03Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu2N, 17Cr16Ni2 and
05Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb, etc (See Table 2 and Table 7, Table 4 and Table 9, Table 5 and Table
10 hereof);
It has adjusted the chemical compositions and phosphonium content of 21 steel grades
(serial numbers: 1, 3, 13, 17, 23, 25, 35, 38, 39, 41, 43, 44, 52, 55, 62, 68, 93, 85, 98,
137 and 139) based on universal international steel grade (Table 2 in 1992 Edition and
Tables 1 ~ 5 in this Edition);
It has modified Smelting method that it shall apply initial molten steel plus
out-of-furnace refining process in priority (Article 5.2 of 1992 edition and Article 7.2 of
this edition);
Delivery state is changed from It may not be treated if it is required by the Buyer
into It may not be treated through negotiations between the Supplier and the Buyer,
while for precipitation-hardening stainless steel bars it has added that annealing
treatment to the delivery can be chosen by steel texture (Article 5.3 of 1992 edition
and Article 7.3 of this edition);
For Surface quality it has added that It may specify to remove scales formed from
heat treatment by way of pickling, turning or other methods through negotiations
between the Supplier and the Buyer, which should be indicated in contract (Article
7.8.3 of this edition);
The heat treatment system for all kinds of stainless steel bars or test pieces is separated
from mechanical property table and listed into Appendix A (Informative appendix)
(Table 3 ~ Table 5 of 1992 edition; Table A.1 ~ Table A.5 of this edition);
The yield strength for martensite and precipitation-hardening stainless steel is changed
to necessary inspection indicator (Article 5.4.1.1 of 1992 edition; Table 9 and Table 10
of this edition);
For 022Cr19Ni5Mo3Si2N(00Cr18Ni5Mo3Si2) steel, it has added that Brinell hardness
value HBW shall be no more than 290 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table 7 of this edition);
For 12Cr13(1Cr13) steel it has added that the lower limit of carbon content shall be
0.08%, while its percentage elongation after fracture is adjusted from 25% to 22%
(Table 2 and Table 4 of 1992 edition; Table 4 and Table 9 of this edition);
1

GB/T 12202007

For 30Cr13(Y3Cr13) steel, its percentage elongation after fracture is adjusted from
12% and 40% to 8% and 35% (Table 4 of 1992 edition; Table 9 of this edition);
The original yield strength 0.2 value for some martensite steels (No. 18, 22, 26, 39, 46,
50 and 52) and 06Cr13Al(0Cr13Al) is adjusted from 177Mpa to proof strength at
non-proportional extension RP0.2 value to be 175 N/mm2 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table
6 and Table 8 of this edition);
The yield strength 0.2 value for 022Cr12(00Cr12) steels is adjusted from 196MPa to
proof strength at non-proportional extension RP0.2 value to be 195 N/mm2, while tensile
strength is adjusted from 365MPa to 360N/mm2 (Table 3 of 1992 edition; Table 8 of
this edition);
The tensile strengths Rm for 20Cr13 (2Cr13) and 13Cr13 (1Cr13Mo) are adjusted
respectively from 635MPa and 685MPa to 640N/mm2 and 690N/mm2 (Table 4 of 1992
edition; Table 9 of this edition);
It has cancelled the stipulations on section shrinkage rate of flat steel (Table 3 ~ Table 5
of 1992 edition; notes of Table 6 to Table 10 of this edition);
Corrosion resistance is changed to an item in agreement, where it has cancelled the
two test methods contained in GB/T 4334.4 and GB/T 4334.6, while for the test
condition of 06Cr19Ni13Mo3 (0Cr19Ni13Mo3) it has added Sensitizing treatment
(Article 5.5 of 1992 edition; Article 7.5 of this edition);
For Surface quality it has added that It may specify to remove scales formed from
heat treatment by way of pickling, turning or other methods through negotiations
between the Supplier and the Buyer, which should be indicated in contract (Article 5.8
of 1992 edition; Article 7.8 of this edition);
It has clearly specified the sampling positions in Macro strcture and Tower shape
for inspection of continuous casting steel and the sampling quantity for Corrosion
resistance test (Article 12 of 1992 edition; Article 16 of this edition);
It has cancelled Check list for stainless steel grades of this Standard and stainless steel
grades of each country and changed to direct quotation of GB/T 20878: Stainless steel
and heat-resisting steel Grade and chemical compositions (Appendix B of 1992
edition; Table 1 ~ Table 5 of this edition).
The Appendix A and Appendix B of this Standard are informative appendixes.
This Standard is proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Standard is governed by National Technical Committee of Standardization for Iron and
Steel.
The main drafting units of this Standard include China Metallurgical Information and
Standardization Institute and Liaoning Dongbei Special Steel Group Co., Ltd..
The major drafters of this Standard include Luan Yan, Dai Qiang, Gu Qiang, Zeng Wentao
and Liu Baoshi.
Versions issued in history to be substituted by this Standard include:
---------GB/T 12201975, GB/T 12201984, GB/T 12201992.

GB/T 12202007

Contents
1. Scope.........................................................................................................................................1
2. Normative documents quoted ...................................................................................................1
3. Technical terms and definitions ................................................................................................4
4. Contents in order sheet..............................................................................................................4
5. Classification.............................................................................................................................4
6. Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance.............................................................4
7. Technical requirements .............................................................................................................5
8. Test methods ...........................................................................................................................21
9. Inspection rules .......................................................................................................................22
10.
Packing, marking and quality certificate.............................................................................22
Appendix A ....................................................................................................................................23
(Informative appendix) ...................................................................................................................23
Typical heat treatment regulations for stainless steel bars or test pieces .................................23
Appendix B ....................................................................................................................................27
(Informative appendix) ...................................................................................................................27

GB/T 12202007

1. Scope
This Standard has stipulated the dimensions, contour, technical requirements , test methods,
inspection rules, packing marks and certificate quality, etc, of stainless steel bars (generic
terms of round steel, square steel, flat steel, hexagonal steel and octagonal steel, hereinafter
refer to as Steel bar).
This Standard is applicable to the hot rolled and forged steel bars that the dimension (diameter,
side length, thickness or subtense distance, hereinafter refer to as Dimension) is no more
than 250mm. Through negotiations of both the Supplier and Buyer, it may also supply the hot
rolled and forged steel bars that the dimension is more than 250mm.
2. Normative documents quoted
Articles contained in the following documents have become articles of this Standard after
they are quoted. For the dated documents so quoted, all their modifications made thereafter
(excluding corrections) or revised versions shall not be applicable to this Standard, but all
parties who have reached agreements on the basis of this Standard are encouraged to study on
the implementation of the latest versions of these document. For the undated documents so
quoted, their latest versions shall be applicable to this Standard.
GB/T 222 Permissible tolerances for chemical composition of steel products
GB/T 223.3 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy - The Diantipyrylmethane
Phosphomolybdate Gravimetric Method for the Determination of phosphonium content
GB/T 223.4 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy - The volumetric method
for determination of manganese content by ammonium nitrate oxidation
GB/T 223.5 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The reduction type
silicomolybdic acid spectrophotometric method for the determination of acid-soluble silicon
content
GB/T 223.8 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The sodium fluoride
separation-EDTA titration method for the determination of aluminium content
GB/T 223.9 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The chromazurine S
spectrophotometric method for the determination of aluminium content
GB/T 223.11 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The ammonium
persulphate oxidation volumetric method for the determination of chrome content
GB/T 223.14 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The tantalum reagent
extraction spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium content
GB/T 223.16 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The chromotropic acid
spectrophotometric method for the determination of titanium content
GB/T 223.17 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The diantipyrylmethane
spectrophotometric method for the determination of titanium content
GB/T 223.18 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The sodium thiosulfate
separation - iodine volumetric method for the determination of cuprum content
GB/T 223.23 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The dimethyl glyoxime
spectrophotometric method for the determination of nickel content
GB/T 223.25 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The dimethyl glyoxime
gravimetric method for the determination of nickel content
GB/T 223.26 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The thiocyanate direct
spectrophotometric method for the determination of molybdenum content
1

GB/T 12202007

GB/T 223.28 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The alpha-Benzoin
oxim gravimetric method for the determination of molybdenum content
GB/T 223.36 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The distillation
separation - neutralization titration method for the determination of nitrogen content
GB/T 223.37 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The distillation
separation - indophenol blue spectrophotometric method for the determination of nitrogen content
GB/T 223.40 Determination of niobium content in iron, steel and alloy The
sulfochlorophenol S spectrophotometric method
GB/T 223.52 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The hydroxylamine
hydrochloride - iodine gravimetric method for the determination of selenium content
GB/T 223.58 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The sodium arsenite sodium nitrite titration method for the determination of manganese content
GB/T 223.59 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The molybdenum blue
photometric method for the determination of phosphonium content
GB/T 223.60 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The perchloric acid
dehydration method for the determination of silicon content
GB/T 223.61 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The ammonium
phosphomolybdate volumetric method for the determination of phosphonium content
GB/T 223.62 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The Butyl Acetate
extraction photometric method for the determination of phosphonium content
GB/T 223.63 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The sodium periodate
(potassium periodate) photometric method for the determination of manganese content (GB/T
223.63 1998, neq ISO R 629)
GB/T 223.64 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The flame atom
absorption spectral method for the determination of manganese content
GB/T 223.67 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The potassium iodate
titration method after combustion in the pipe furnace for determination of phosphonium content
GB/T 223.68 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The gas volumetric
method after combustion in the pipe furnace for determination of carbon content
GB/T 223.71 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The gravimetric method
after combustion in the pipe furnace for determination of carbon content
GB/T 223.72 Methods for chemical analysis of iron, steel and alloy The aluminium oxide
color layer separation - barium sulfate gravimetric method for determination of phosphonium
content
GB/T 226 Etch test for macrostructure and defect of steels (GB/T 226 1991, neq ISO4969:
1980, Steel Macroscopic examination by etching with strong mineral adids)
GB/T 228 Metallic material Greenhouse tension test method (GB/T 228 2002, eqv ISO
6892: 1998)
GB/T 229 Metal Charpy impact test method (GB/T 229 1994, eqv ISO 83: 1976, Steel
Charpy impact test (U-notch), eqv ISO 148; 1983, Steel Charpy impact test (V-notch))
GB/T 230.1 Metal Rockwell hardness test, Part I: Test method (A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, K, N,
T measuring scales) (GB/T 230.1 2004, ISO 6508: 1999, MOD)
GB/T 231.1 Metal Brinell hardness test, Part I: Test method (GB/T 231.1 2002, eqv ISO
2

GB/T 12202007

6506-1: 1999)
GB/T 7022004 Metal Hot-rolled round steel and square steel Dimension, contour,
weight and permissible tolerance (GB/T 7022004, ISO 1035-1: 1980, Hot-rolled steel bar Part
1: Dimension of round bars, ISO1035-2: 1980, Hot-rolled steel bar Part 1: Dimension of square
bars, ISO1035-4: 1982, Hot-rolled steel bar Part 4:Tolerances, MOD)
GB/T 7041988 Metal Hot-rolled flat steel Dimension, contour, weight and permissible
tolerance
GB/T 7051985 Metal Hot-rolled hexagonal steel and octagonal steel Dimension,
contour, weight and permissible tolerance
GB/T 9081987 Metal Forged round steel and square steel Dimension, contour,
weight and permissible tolerance
GB/T 1979 Standard diagrams for macrostructure and defect of structural steels
GB/T 2101 General requirements of acceptance, packaging, marking and certification for
section steel
GB/T 2975 Steel and steel products--Location and preparation of test pieces for mechanical
testing (GB/T 2975 1998, eqv ISO 377: 1997)
GB/T 4334.1 Stainless steel 10% oxalic acid etch test method
GB/T 4334.2 Stainless steel sulfuric acid - ferric sulfate corrosion test method
GB/T 4334.3 Stainless steel 65% nitric acid corrosion test method
GB/T 4334.5 Stainless steel sulfuric acid - copper sulfate corrosion test method
GB/T 4340.1 Metal Vickers hardness test, Part I: Test method (GB/T 4340.1 1999, eqv
ISO 6507-1: 1997)
GB/T 6394 Metal Methods for determination of the average grain size
GB/T 6401 1986 Micrographic method for determining area fraction of the alpha-phases
using charts in ferritic-austenitic duplex stainless steel
GB/T 7736 Ultrasonic inspecting method for macro-structure and defect of steel
GB/T 9971 2004 Pure iron for raw material
GB/T 10121 Steel products--Method for magnetic particle inspection of tower sample
GB/T 10561 Determination of nonmetal inclusion content in steels -- Methods for
radiographic inspection and classification of radiographs (GB/T 10561 2005, ISO 4967: 1998,
IDT)
GB/T 11170 Method for photoelectric emission spectral analysis of stainless steel
GB/T 13305 1991 Micrographic method for determining area fraction of the alpha-phases
in austenitic stainless steel
GB/T 15574 Classification for steel products
GB/T 15711 Steel productsMethod for etch test of tower sample
GB/T 16761 1997 Forged flat steel Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance
GB/T 17505 General technical requirements on delivery of steel and steel products (GB/T
17505 1998, eqv ISO 404: 1992)
GB/T 20066 Iron and steel Sampling and sample preparation method for determination of
chemical compositions (GB/T 20066 2006, ISO 14284: 1996, IDT)
GB/T 20878 Stainless steel and heat-resisting steel Grades and chemical compositions
YB/T 5293 Metallic materials-Forging test

GB/T 12202007

3. Technical terms and definitions


The technical terms and definitions established in GB/T 20878 and GB/T 15574 are
applicable to this Standard.
4. Contents in order sheet
The contract for goods or order form made according this Standard shall contain the following
contents:
a) Standard code;
b) Product description;
c) Grade or unified numerical code;
d) Section shape (round, square, flat, hexagonal or octagonal);
e) Dimensions and contour (see Chapter 6 hereof);
f) Weight (or quantity);
g) Processing method used (See 5.2 hereof);
h) Delivery state (See 7.2 hereof);
i) Special requirements (See 7.9 hereof).
5. Classification
5.1

By structural features, steel bars are divided into five categories, including austenite type,
austenite ferrite type, ferrite type, martensite type and precipitation-hardening type.
5.2 By application methods, steel bars are divided into two categories. Application methods of
steel bars should be indicated in contract, otherwise, it shall supply the steel for the purpose
of cutting processing.
a) Steel for pressing processing UP
1) Hot-pressing processing UHP
2) Steel for hot-forging UHF
3) Blank for cold drawing UCD
b) Steel for cutting processing UC
6. Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance
6.1 Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled round steel and square
steel
The dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled round steel and
square steel shall conform to the stipulations set forth in GB/T 702 2004, the concrete
requirements of which should be indicated in contract. Otherwise it shall execute the second
group contained in GB/T 802 2004 Standard.
6.2 Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled flat steel
The dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled flat steel shall
conform to the stipulations set forth in GB/T 704 1988, the concrete requirements of
which should be indicated in contract. Otherwise it shall execute the contract according to
the common class as specified in GB/T 704 1998.
6.3 Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled hexagonal steel and
octagonal steel
4

GB/T 12202007

6.4

6.5

6.6

The dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of hot-rolled hexagonal steel and
octagonal steel shall conform to the stipulations set forth in GB/T 705 1985, the concrete
requirements of which should be indicated in contract. Otherwise it shall execute the
contract according to the second group as specified in GB/T 705 1985.
Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of forged round steel and square steel
The dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of forged round steel and square
steel shall conform to the stipulations set forth in GB/T 908 1987, the concrete
requirements of which should be indicated in contract. Otherwise it shall execute the
contract according to the second group as specified in GB/T 908 1987.
Dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of forged flat steel
The dimension, contour, weight and permissible tolerance of forged flat steel shall conform
to the stipulations set forth in GB/T 16761 1997, the concrete requirements of which
should be indicated in contract. Otherwise it shall execute the contract according to the
second group as specified in GB/T 16761 1997.
Weight
Steel bars shall be delivered by actual weight.

7. Technical requirements
7.1 Grade and chemical components
7.1.1 Steel grades, unified numerical code and chemical compositions (melting analysis) shall
conform to the stipulations set forth in Table 1 ~ Table 5 hereof.
7.1.2 The permissible tolerance for chemical compositions of steel bars shall conform to the
stipulations set forth in GB/T 222.
7.2 Melting method
Unless it is otherwise stipulated in contract, it shall usually adopt initial molten steel plus
out-of-furnace refining process.
7.3 Delivery state
Steel bars can be delivered in heat-treated or non-heat-treated state and the order can select
delivery state with reference to Articles 7.3.1 ~ 7.3.4 hereof, which should be indicated in
contract. Otherwise, it shall deliver non-heat-treated steels. The regulations for heat
treatment of all kinds of steel bars refer to Table A.1 ~ Table A.5 in Appendix A hereof.
7.3.1 Austenite type and austenite ferrite type steel bars for cutting processing shall go
through solution treatment, which can be omitted through negotiations by both the
Supplier and Buyer. The steel bars for hot-pressing processing shall not go through
solution treatment.
7.3.2 Ferrite type steel bars shall go through annealing treatment, which can be omitted through
negotiations by both the Supplier and Buyer.
7.3.3 Martensite type steel bars shall go through annealing treatment.
7.3.4 Precipitation-hardening type steel bars can select solution treatment or annealing
treatment based on steel texture, annealing regulation shall be determined by the
negotiations of both Supplier and Buyer, if there is no agreement, the annealing
temperature shall usually be 650 ~ 680. Precipitation-hardening type steel bars
(excluding 05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb) may not be treated through negotiations of both Supplier
and Buyer.
5

GB/T 12202007

7.4 Mechanical properties


7.4.1 The heat treatment regulations for all kinds of steel bars of test pieces shall refer to the
stipulations set forth in Table A.1 ~ Table A.5 of Appendix A hereof. The dimension of
test piece blank for heat treatment shall usually be 25mm. When the dimension of steel
bar is less than 25mm, heat treatment shall be conducted on original dimension steel bars.
7.4.2 For the heat-treated steel bars (except for martensite steel subject to annealing), test
pieces shall be no longer heat treated and its mechanical properties shall conform to the
stipulations set forth in Table 6 ~ Table 10 hereof respectively.
7.4.3 For the non-heat-treated steel bars, the blank of test pieces shall be heat treated and its
mechanical properties shall conform to the stipulations set forth in Table 6 ~ Table 10
hereof respectively.
7.4.4 The mechanical properties of precipitation-hardening type steel bars shall be indicated in
contract, otherwise it shall execute the second group in contract.
7.4.5 If the Supplier can guarantee the qualification of mechanical properties, it may wholly or
partially omit mechanical property test.

GB/T 12202007

Table 1 Chemical compositions of austenite type stainless steel


Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical code

New grade

Original grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other elements

1
3
9
13
15
16
17
18
22
23
24
25
26
32
35
38

GB/T 12202007

Table 1 (Continued)
Code in
GB/T
20878

Unified numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other elements

Note 1: All the elements listed in the table shall be maximum value, unless it is otherwise indicated for range or minimum value. Value in bracket is the maximum value to put in or permissible content.
Note 2: The comparison between the grades of this Standard and those of foreign standards refer to GB/T 20878.

It may add the alloy elements other than this table, if necessary.

GB/T 12202007

Table 2 Chemical compositions of austenite-ferrite type stainless steel


Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other elements

Note 1: All the elements listed in the table shall be maximum value, unless it is otherwise indicated for range or minimum value.
Note 2: The comparison between the grades of this Standard and those of foreign standards refer to GB/T 20878.

GB/T 12202007

Table 3 Chemical compositions of ferrite type stainless steel


Code in GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original
grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other elements

Note 1: All the elements listed in the table shall be maximum value, unless it is otherwise indicated for range or minimum value. Value in bracket is the maximum value to put in or permissible content
Note 2: The comparison between the grades of this Standard and those of foreign standards refer to GB/T 20878.
a

It is permissible for nickel content to be less than or equal to 0.50%, copper content to be less than or equal to 0.20%, while Ni + Cu0.50%m, and it may add the alloy elements other than this table, if necessary.

10

GB/T 12202007

Table 4 Chemical compositions of Martensite type stainless steel


Code in
GB/T 20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original
grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other
elements

Note 1: All the elements listed in the table shall be maximum value, unless it is otherwise indicated for range or minimum value. Value in bracket is the maximum value to put in or permissible content
Note 2: The comparison between the grades of this Standard and those of foreign standards refer to GB/T 20878.
a

The grade of adjusted compositions relative to GB/T 20878.

11

GB/T 12202007

Table 5 Chemical compositions of precipitation-hardening type stainless steel


Code in GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical code

New grade

Original grade

Chemical compositions (mass fraction) %


C

Si

Mn

Ni

Cr

Mo

Cu

Other elements

Note 1: All the elements listed in the table shall be maximum value, unless it is otherwise indicated for range or minimum value.
Note 2: The comparison between the grades of this Standard and those of foreign standards refer to GB/T 20878.

12

GB/T 12202007

Table 6 Mechanical properties of austenite type steel bars or test pieces through solution treatment (See Table A.1)
Code in GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Proof
strength,
non-proporti
onal
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm
2
)

Tensile strength
Rm
/(N/mm2)

Shrinkage rate after fracture A


/%

No less than

Section
shrinkage rate
Zc
/%

HBW

Hardness b
HRB

No more than

13

HV

GB/T 12202007

Table 6 (Continued)
Code in GB/T
20878

a.
b.
c.

Unified
numerical
code

New
grade

Original grade

Proof strength,
non-proportional
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm2)

Tensile strength Rm
/(N/mm2)

Shrinkage rate after


fracture A
/%

No less than

Section shrinkage
rate Zc
/%

HBW

Hardness b
HRB

HV

No larger than

This table is only applicable to the steel bars that the diameter, side length, thickness or subtense distance is less than or equal to 180mm, for the steel bars of more than 180mm, it can be forged into 180mm sample blank for test,
or through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer to stipulate that it is allowable to reduce the value of its mechanical properties.
Proof strength, non-proportional extension and hardness shall only be tested when it is required by the Buyer (to be indicated in contract), in this case, the Supplier can select one method to determine hardness according to the
dimension and state of steel bars.
It is not applicable to flat steel, but when it is required by the Buyer, it shall be decided through negotiation of both the Supplier and Buyer.

14

GB/T 12202007

Table 7 Mechanical properties of austenite-ferrite type steel bars or test pieces through solution treatment (See Table A.2)
Code in GB/T
20878

a.
b.
c.
d.

Unified numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Proof strength,
non-proportional
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm2)

Tensile strength
Rm
/(N/mm2)

Shrinkage rate
after fracture A
/%

No less than

Section shrinkage
rate Zc
/%

HBW

Hardness b
HRB

HV

No more than

Table 7 is only applicable to the steel bars that the diameter, side length, thickness or subtense distance is less than or equal to 75mm, for the steel bars of more than 75mm, it can be forged into 75mm sample blank for test, or
through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer to stipulate that it is allowable to reduce the value of its mechanical properties.
Proof strength, non-proportional extension and hardness shall only be tested when it is required by the Buyer (to be indicated in contract), in this case, the Supplier can select one method to determine hardness according to the
dimension and state of steel bars.
It is not applicable to flat steel, but when it is required by the Buyer, it shall be decided through negotiation of both the Supplier and Buyer.
For the round steel, hexagonal steel and octagonal steel that diameter or subtense distance is less than or equal to 16mm, or for the square steel and flat steel that the thickness is less than 12mm, it shall not conduct impact test.

15

GB/T 12202007

Table 8 Mechanical properties of ferrite type steel bars or test pieces through annealing treatment (See Table A.3)a
Code
in
GB/T
20878

a.
b.
c.
d.

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Proof strength,
non-proportional
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm2)

Tensile strength Rm
/(N/mm2)

Shrinkage rate after


fracture A
/%

Section shrinkage
rate Zc
/%

Hardness b
HBW
HRB
HV

No less than

No more than

78
83

S11348
S11203

06Cr13A1
022Cr12

0Cr13A1
00Cr12

175
195

410
360

20
22

60
60

78
--

183
183

85

S11710

10Cr17

1Cr17

205

450

22

50

--

183

86

S11717

Y10Cr17

Y1Cr17

205

450

22

50

--

183

88

S11790

10Cr17Mo

1Cr17Mo

205

450

22

50

--

183

94

S12791

008Cr27Mo

00Cr27Mo

245

410

20

45

--

183

95

S13091

008Cr30Mo2

00Cr30M02

295

450

20

45

183

Table 7 is only applicable to the steel bars that the diameter, side length, thickness or subtense distance is less than or equal to 75mm, for the steel bars of more than 75mm, it can be forged into 75mm sample blank for test,
or through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer to stipulate that it is allowable to reduce the value of its mechanical properties.
Proof strength, non-proportional extension and hardness shall only be tested when it is required by the Buyer (to be indicated in contract), in this case, the Supplier can select one method to determine hardness according to
the dimension and state of steel bars.
It is not applicable to flat steel, but when it is required by the Buyer, it shall be decided through negotiation of both the Supplier and Buyer.
For the round steel, hexagonal steel and octagonal steel that diameter or subtense distance is less than or equal to 16mm, or for the square steel and flat steel that the thickness is less than 12mm, it shall not conduct impact
test.

16

GB/T 12202007

Table 9 Mechanical properties of Martensite type steel bars or test pieces through heat treatment a

96
97
98
100
101
102
103
104
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
115
116
117
118
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Unified
numerical
code

S40130
S41008
S41010
S41617
S42020
S42030
S42037
S42040
S43110
S43120
S44070
S44080
S44096
S44097
S44090
S45710
S45830
S45990
S46990

New grade

Original grade

Mechanical property of test piece through quench tempering (See Table A.4)
Group

Code
in
GB/T
20878

12Cr12
06Cr13
12Cr13
Y12Cr13
20Cr13
30Cr13
Y30Cr13
40Cr13
14Cr17Ni2
17Cr16Ni2*
68Cr17
85Cr17
108Cr17
Y108Cr17
95Cr18
13Cr13Mo
32Cr13Mo
102Cr17Mo
90Cr18MoV

1Cr12
0Cr13
1Cr13
Y1Cr13
2Cr13
3Cr13
Y3Cr13
4Cr13
1Cr17Ni2
7Cr17
8Cr17
11Cr17
Y11Cr17
9Cr18
1Cr13Mo
3Cr13Mo
9Cr18Mo
9Cr18MoV

1
2

Proof strength,
non-proportional
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm2)

Tensile
strength R
m
/(N/mm2)

Shrinkage rate
after fracture A
/%

390
345
345
345
440
540
540
--700
600
----

590
490
540
540
640
735
735

25
24
22
17
20
12
8

1080
900~1050
800~950
------

490
----

690
----

10
12
14
----20
----

Section
shrinkage
rate
Zb/%

Charpy
absorbed
energy
Aku2d/J

HBW

55
60
55
45
50
40
35

118
-78
55
63
24
24

170
-159
159
192
217
217

45

25 (Agv)

No less than

60

78

192

HEC

--

Hardness
of
annealed
steel bars
HBW

No more
than
200
183

200
200
223

50

54
56
58
55
-50
55
55

235
235
235
285

295
255
255
269
269
255

200
207
269

269
Table 9 is only applicable to the steel bars that the diameter, side length, thickness or subtense distance is less than or equal to 75mm, for the steel bars of more than 75mm, it can be forged into 75mm sample blank for test, or
through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer to stipulate that it is allowable to reduce the value of its mechanical properties.
It is not applicable to flat steel, but when it is required by the Buyer, it shall be decided through negotiation of both the Supplier and Buyer.
For annealing by 750, the hardness is to be decided through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer.
For the round steel, hexagonal steel and octagonal steel that diameter or subtense distance is less than or equal to 16mm, or for the square steel and flat steel that the thickness is less than 12mm, it shall not conduct impact test.
The property group of 17Cr16Ni2 steel shall be indicated in contract, otherwise it shall be selected by the Supplier himself.

17

GB/T 12202007

Table 10 Mechanical properties of precipitation-hardening type (See Table A.5) steel bars or test pieces
Code
in
GB/T
20878

a.
b.
c.

S51740

S51770

S51570

05Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb

05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

07Cr17Ni7A1

07Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

0Cr17Ni7A1

0Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

Precipitation
hardening

139

Type

S51550

Proof strength,
non-proportional
extension
RP0.2b/(N/mm2)

Tensile strength
Rm
/(N/mm2)

--

--

--

1180

1310

1000

1070

865

4
0

Heat treatment

Precipitation
hardening

138

Original grade

Precipitation
hardening

137

New grade

Precipitation
hardening

136

Unified
numerical
code

Shrinkage rate
after fracture A
/%

Section
shrinkage
rate
Zb/%

Hardness c
HBW

HRW

--

363

38

10

35

375

40

12

45

331

35

1000

13

45

302

31

725

930

16

50

277

28

--

--

--

--

363

38

1180

1310

10

40

375

40

1000

1070

12

45

331

35

865

1000

13

45

302

31

Group

Solution
treatment
480
aging
550
aging
580
aging
620
aging
Solution
treatment
480
aging
550
aging
580
aging
620
aging
Solution
treatment
510
aging

NO LESS THAN

725

930

16

50

277

28

380

1030

20

--

229

--

1030

1230

10

388

--

565
aging

960

1140

25

363

--

Solution
treatment
510
aging

--

--

--

--

269

--

1210

1320

20

388

--

565
aging

1100

1210

25

375

--

Table 10 is only applicable to the steel bars that the diameter, side length, thickness or subtense distance is less than or equal to 75mm, for the steel bars of more than 75mm, it can be forged into 75mm sample blank for test, or
through negotiation of the Supplier and Buyer to stipulate that it is allowable to reduce the value of its mechanical properties.
It is not applicable to flat steel, but when it is required by the Buyer, it shall be decided through negotiation of both the Supplier and Buyer.
The Supplier can select one method to determine hardness according to the dimension and state of steel bars

18

GB/T 12202007

7.5

Corrosion resistance
It may conduct intercrystalline corrosion test on austenite type and austenite-ferrite type
stainless steel bars, as it is required by the Buyer, with the proper test method decided
through negotiations of both the Supplier and Buyer, which should be indicated in contract,
the corrosion resistance of which refers to Table 11 and Table 12 hereof. The corrosion
resistance for the steel bars other than the grades listed in Table 11 and Table 12 shall be
determined through negotiations of both the Supplier and Buyer.
Table 11 Determination for 10% oxalic acid corrosion test in GB/T 4334.1

Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

17

S30408

06Cr19Ni10

0Cr18Ni9

S31608
S31688
S31708
S30403

06Cr17Ni12Mo2
06Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2
06Cr19Ni13Mo3*
022Cr19Ni10

0Cr18Ni9
0Cr17Ni12Mo2
0Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2
00Cr19Ni10

Solution
treatment

38
45
49
18

Test
state

GB/T
4334.2
sulfuric
acid - ferric
sulfate
corrosion
test

Channel
texture

sensitizing
treatment

Channel
texture

GB/T
4334.3
65% nitric
acid
corrosion
test

Channel
texture
Depression
texture II

GB/T
4334.5
sulfuric
acid copper
sulfate
corrosion
test

Channel
texture

Channel
texture
Depression
texture II

Channel
39
S31603
022Cr17Ni12Mo2
00Cr17Ni14Mo2
texture
46
S31683 022Cr18Ni14Mo2Cu2 00Cr18Ni14Mo2Cu2
50
S31703
022Cr19Ni13Mo3
00Cr19Ni13Mo3
55
S32168
06Cr18Ni11Ti
0Cr18Ni10Ti
--62
S34778
06Cr18Ni11Nb
0Cr18Ni11Nb
a
It may conduct sensitizing treatment, but it shall be determined through negotiations of both the Supplier and
Buyer before test.

Table 12 Intercrystalline corrosion test

17
38
45
49
18

50
41

S3040
8

06Cr19Ni10

0Cr18Ni9

S3160
8
S3168
8
S3170
8
S3040
3

06Cr17Ni12Mo2

0Cr17Ni12Mo2

06Cr18Ni12Mo2
Cu2
06Cr19Ni13Mo3*

0Cr18Ni12Mo2
Cu2
0Cr19Ni13Mo3*

022Cr19Ni10

00Cr19Ni10

S3160
3
S3168
3
S3170
3
S3166
8

022Cr17Ni12Mo2

00Cr17Ni14Mo2

022Cr18Ni14Mo2
Cu2
022Cr19Ni13Mo3

00Cr18Ni14Mo2
Cu2
00Cr19Ni13Mo3

06Cr17Ni12Mo2
Ti

0Cr18NNi12Mo
3Ti

GB/T 4334.2

Tes
t
stat
e

Weight
loss by
corrosio
n
[g/(m2.h
)]

agreeme
nt

agreeme
nt

GB/T 4334.3

Test
state

Solution
treatme
nt

sensitizi
ng
treatme
nt

Weight
loss by
corrosio
n
[g/(m2.h
)]
agreeme
nt

GB/T 4334.5

Tes
t
stat
e

State of
curved surface
under test

No
Intercrystall
ine
corrosion
crack is
allowed

agreeme
nt
sensitizing treatment

46

Original grade

sensitizing treatment

39

New grade

Solution treatment

Unified
numeri
cal
code

Solution treatment

Cod
e in
GB/
T
2087
8

19

GB/T 12202007
55

S3216
06Cr18Ni11Ti
0Cr18Ni10Ti
8
62
S3477
06Cr18Ni11Nb
0Cr18Ni11Nb
8
a
It may conduct sensitizing treatment, but it shall be determined through negotiations of both the Supplier and
Buyer before test.

7.6 Macro structure


7.6.1 The acid dip macroscopic test piece of steel bar shall have no visible shrinkage cavity, air
bubble, crack, inclusion, skull patch or shatter crack. It is permissible for steel bars for
cutting processing to have subsurface inclusion or other inclusion with depth to be no
more than half of nominal dimension tolerance.
7.6.2 The qualification level for acid dip macro structure shall conform to the stipulations set
forth in Table 13 hereof. When the Buyer requires group 1, it should be indicated in
contract. For steel bars with dimension no more than 200mm, the qualification level for
macro structure shall be decided through negotiations of the two parties.
7.6.3 If it can be guaranteed by the Supplier, it is permissible to apply ultrasonic detection or
other nondestructive flaw detection methods in place of macro structure inspection.
Table 13 Macro structure qualification level
Group

Common porosity

Center porosity

Ingot type segregation

Group 1

Level 2

Level 2

Level 2

Group 2

Level 3

Level 3

Level 3

7.7 Hot forging


7.7.1 Steel for hot heading upsetting (to be indicated in contract) shall be subject to hot forging
test to forge test piece to one third of the original height without crack or breach on the
surface.
7.7.2 This test can be omitted for steel bar with dimension to be more than 80mm if the
Supplier can guarantee the qualification of forging test.
7.8 Surface quality
7.8.1 The surface of steel bars for pressing processing shall have no crack, scab, fold or
inclusion on surface, otherwise, the defects mentioned above must be eliminated. The
depth for such elimination shall conform to the stipulation in Table 14 hereof and the
width should be no less than 5 times of depth, while the maximum elimination depth on
the same cross section shall be no more than one and it is permissible for individual
scratches, impressions or pockmarks whose size is no more than half of nominal
dimension counting from actual dimension, or the minor cracks with depth to be no more
than 0.20mm to exist on surface. Based on the agreement of the Supplier and Buyer, the
surface of steel bars for cutting processing can be turned or peeled.
Table 14 Permissible depth for defect elimination on the surface of steel bars for pressing
processing purpose
Nominal dimension of steel bars/mm

Permissible depth of elimination

80

Half of nominal dimension tolerance of steel bars

> 80 ~ 140

Nominal dimension tolerance of steel bars

> 140 ~ 200

5% of nominal dimension of steel bars

20

GB/T 12202007

> 200 ~ 250

6% of nominal dimension of steel bars

7.8.2

It is permissible for steel bars for cutting processing to have local defects no more than
stipulations counting from nominal dimension as set forth in Table 15 hereof.
Table 15 Permissible depth for local defects on the surface of steel bars for cutting processing
Nominal dimension of steel bars/mm

Permissible depth of local defects

< 100

Negative deviation of nominal dimension of steel bars

100

Nominal dimension tolerance of steel bars

7.8.3

It can remove the scale produced by heat treatment by pickling, turning or other methods
through negotiations of both the Supplier and Buyer, which should be indicated in
contract.
7.9 Special requirements
Steel bars can be supplied by the following special requirements as requested by the Buyer
and with agreement reached by both the Supplier and Buyer.
a) Reduce the range of chemical compositions as listed in Table 1 ~ Table 5;
b) Restrict the upper limit of tensile strength as listed in Table 6 ~ Table 10;
c) Add the test on corrosion resistance;
d) Check alpha phase content;
e) Check nonmetallic inclusion content in steel;
f) Check grain size of steel;
g) Add inspection with tower sample;
h) Other special requirements.
8. Test methods
The inspection items and test methods for each lot of steel bars shall conform to the
stipulations as set forth in Table 16 hereof.
Table 16 Inspection item, sampling quantity, sampling position and test method for steel bars
No.
1

Inspection items
Chemical
compositions

Samplinga
quantity
1

Sampling position

Test method

GB/T 20066

GB/T 223 (see Chapter 2), GB/T 11170,


Appendix A of GB/T 9971-2004,

2
3
4
5
6

7
8
9
10
11

Tensile
Impact
Hardness
intercrystalline
corrosion
Macro structure

Ultrasonic
inspection
Hot forging
Nonmetallic
inclusion
Grain size
Alpha phase

2
2
2
2

On different steel bars, GB/T


2975

different steel bars or blank


equivalent to ingot head;
on any of different steel bars for
continuous cast steel
On full piece of steel bar

2
2

On different steel bars

GB/T 228
GB/T 229
GB/T 230.1, GB/T 231.1, GB/T 4340.1

On different steel bars

GB/T 4334.1, GB/T 4334.2, GB/T 4334.3,


GB/T 4334.5

1
1

Any steel bar

GB/T 226, GB/T 1979

GB/T 7736
YB/T 5293
GB/T 10561
GB/T 6394
GB/T 6401 1986, GB/T 13305991

21

GB/T 12202007
12

Tower shape

different steel bars or blank


equivalent to ingot head;
on any of different steel bars for
continuous cast steel
On full piece of steel bar

GB/T 15711, GB/T 10121

Piece by
Calipers, micrometer caliper
piece
Piece
by
Visual inspection
14
Surface
piece
In addition to surface and dimension inspections piece by piece, the sampling quantity for all the other inspection
items of electroslag remelted steel shall be 1. When lot is organized by the consumable electrode melting mother
furnace number, in addition to 1 sample taken from each electroslag furnace number for chemical compositions,
the sampling quantity for other inspection items shall be the same as stipulations in this table.
13

Dimension

9. Inspection rules
9.1 Inspection and acceptance
The inspection and acceptance of steel bars shall be conducted by the technical and quality
control departments of the Supplier.
9.2 Lot organization rules
The inspection and acceptance of steel bars shall be carried out lot by lot. Each lot shall be
composed of steel bars of the same grade, same furnace number, same processing method,
same dimension and same delivery state (same furnace number of heat treatment). For the
electroslag remelted steel, it is permissible to make delivery by the lot organized by the
consumable electrode melting mother furnace number under the conditions that the process is
stable and all technical requirements in this Standard can be guaranteed, which should be
noted in certificate of quality.
9.3 Sampling position and sampling quantity
The sampling position and sampling quantity for each lot of steel bars shall conform to the
stipulations set forth in Table 16 hereof.
9.4 Rules for reinspection and determination
9.4.1 Rules for reinspection and determination shall execute the stipulations of GB/T 17505.
9.4.2 If the Supplier can guarantee the qualification of steel bars, it is permissible to use blank
in place of product or use the large one in place of small one in the inspection results in
connection with the mechanical property, macro structure and nonmetallic inclusion of
steel bars or steel blanks from the same furnace number.
10. Packing, marking and quality certificate
The packing, marking and quality certificate shall conform to the stipulations of GB/T 2101.

22

GB/T 12202007

Appendix A
(Informative appendix)

Typical heat treatment regulations for stainless steel bars or test pieces
Table A.1 Typical heat treatment regulations for austenite type stainless steel bars or test
pieces
Code in GB/T
20878

Unified numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Solution treatment/
1 010 ~ 1 120, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 120, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 030 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 030 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 000 ~ 1 100, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 180, fast-cooling
1 030 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
920 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
980 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling
1 010 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling

When it is indicated in contract by the Buyer, it may conduct heat treatment, in this case, the heat treatment temperature shall be 850 ~ 930.

23

GB/T 12202007

Table A.2 Typical heat treatment regulations for austenite-ferrite type stainless steel bars or
test pieces
New grade

Original grade

Solution treatment/

67

Unified
numerical
code
S21860

14Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti

1Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti

930 ~ 1 050, fast-cooling

68

S21953

022Cr19Ni5Mo3Si2N

00Cr18Ni5Mo3Si2

920 ~ 1 150, fast-cooling

70

S22253

022Cr22Ni5Mo3N

950 ~ 1 200, fast-cooling

71

S22053

022Cr23Ni6Mo3N

950 ~ 1 200, fast-cooling

73

S22553

022Cr25Ni6Mo2N

950 ~ 1 200, fast-cooling

75

S25554

03Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu2N

1 000 ~ 1 200, fast-cooling

Code in
GB/T 20878

Table A.3 Typical heat treatment regulations for ferrite type stainless steel bars or test pieces
Code in
GB/T
20878

Unified numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Solution treatment/

88

780 ~ 830, air cooling


or slow-cooling
700 ~ 820, air cooling
or slow-cooling
780 ~ 850, air cooling
or slow-cooling
680 ~ 820, air cooling
or slow-cooling
780 ~ 850, air cooling
or slow-cooling

94

900 ~ 1 050,

78
83
85
86

fast-cooling

95

900 ~ 1 050,
fast-cooling

24

GB/T 12202007

Table A.4 Typical heat treatment regulations for martensite type stainless steel bars or test
pieces
Code
in
GB/T
20878
96

Unified
numerical
code

New
grade

Original
grade

97
98
100
101
102
103
104
106

Heat treatment regulations


for steel bars
Annealing /

Heat treatment regulations


for test pieces
Quenching
Tempering

800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling

950~1 000
oil cooling
950~1 000
oil cooling
950~1 000
oil cooling
950~1 000
oil cooling
920~980 oil
cooling
920~980 oil
cooling
920~980 oil
cooling
1 050~1
100 oil
cooling
950~1 050
oil cooling
950~1 050
oil cooling
or air
cooling

07

680~700 high-temperature
tempering, air cooling
1
680~800furnace
cooling or air cooling
2

108

800~920 slow-cooling

109

800~920 slow-cooling

110

800~920 slow-cooling

111

800~920 slow-cooling

112

800~920 slow-cooling

Code
in
GB/T
20878
115

1 010~1
070 oil
cooling
1 010~1
070 oil
cooling
1 010~1
070 oil
cooling
1 010~1
070 oil
cooling
1 000~1
050 oil
cooling

700~750
fast-cooling
700~750
fast-cooling
700~750
fast-cooling
700~750
fast-cooling
600~750
fast-cooling
600~750
fast-cooling
600~750
fast-cooling
200~300 air
cooling
275~350 air
cooling
600~650 air
cooling
750~800 a+
650~700 ,
air cooling
100~180
fast-cooling
100~180
fast-cooling
100~180
fast-cooling
100~180
fast-cooling
200~300 oil,
air cooling

Table A.4 (continued)

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original
grade

Heat treatment regulations


for steel bars
Annealing /

S45710

13Cr13Mo

1Cr13Mo

830~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling
800~900 slow-cooling or
about 750 fast-cooling

Heat treatment regulations


for test pieces
Quenching
Tempering
970~1 020
oil cooling
1 025~1 075
oil cooling

650~750
fast-cooling
116
S45830
32Cr13Mo
3Cr13Mo
200~300 oil,
water or air
cooling
117
S45990
102Cr17Mo
9Cr18Mo
800~900 slow-cooling
1 000~1 050
200~300
oil cooling
air cooling
118
S46990
90Cr18MoV 91Cr18MoV
800~920 slow-cooling
1 050~1 075 100~200 air
oil cooling
cooling
a
When nickel content is of the lower limit as specified in Table 4, it is permissible to carry out single tempering
regulations by 620 ~ 720.

25

GB/T 12202007

Table A.5Typical heat treatment regulations for precipitation-hardening type stainless steel
bars or test pieces
Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original grade

Heat treatment
Type
Solution

group

Conditions

1 020~1 060 ,
fast-cooling
after
solution treatment

470~490 air-cooling
after solution treatment

540~560 air-cooling
after solution treatment

570~590 air-cooling
after solution treatment

1
020~1
fast-cooling

1 020~1 060 ,
fast-cooling
after
solution treatment

470~490 air-cooling
after solution treatment

540~560 air-cooling
after solution treatment

570~590 air-cooling
after solution treatment

610~630 air-cooling
after solution treatment

1 000~1 100
fast-cooling

treatment
136

S51550

05Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb

480
Precipitation hardening

ageing
550
ageing
580
ageing
620

060

ageing
Solution
treatment
137

S51740

05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

480
Precipitation hardening

ageing
550
ageing
580
ageing
620
ageing
Solution

treatment
138

S51770

07Cr17Ni7A1

0Cr17Ni7A1

510

Precipitation hardening

ageing

565

ageing

Solution

955 10 be kept
for 10 minutes after
solution treatment, air
cooled
to
room
temperature,
then
cooled to -73 6
within 24 hours to be
held for 8 hours before
heating up to 51010
to hold for 1 hours
and air cooled
760 15 be kept
for 90 minutes after
solution
treatment,
cooled to 15 or less
within 1 hours to hold
for 30 minutes before
heating up to 56510
to hold for 90
minutes and air cooled
1
000~1
100
fast-cooling

treatment
S51570

07Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

0Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

Precipitation hardening

139

510

ageing

565
ageing

955 10 be kept
for 10 minutes after
solution treatment, air
cooled
to
room
temperature,
then
cooled to -73 6
within 24 hours to be
held for 8 hours before
heating up to 51010
to hold for 1 hours
and air cooled
760 15 be kept
for 90 minutes after
solution
treatment,
cooled to 15 or less

26

GB/T 12202007
within 1 hours to hold
for 30 minutes before
heating up to 56510
to hold for 90
minutes and air cooled

Appendix B
(Informative appendix)

Table B.1 Stainless steel properties and applications


New grade
Original grade
Properties and applications

Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

S35350

12Cr17Mn6Ni5N

S35450

12Cr18Mn9Ni5N

S30110

12Cr17Ni7

13

S30210

12Cr18Ni9

15

S30317

Y12Cr18Ni9

16

S30327

Y12Cr18Ni9Se

Austenite type
1Cr17Mn6Ni5N Ni-free type steel, its property is similar to
12Cr17Ni7 (1Cr17 Ni7), which can be used in place
of 12Cr17Ni7 (1Cr17Ni7). It is nonmagnetic in
solution state and slightly magnetic after cold
processing. It is mainly used for manufacturing
hotel facilities, kitchenware, water pool and traffic
means, etc
1Cr18Mn8Ni5N Ni-free type steel is the most typical and better
developed Cr-Mn-Ni-N type steel. It possesses very
good anti-oxidation property below 800 while
keeping higher strength, which can be used in place
of 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9). It is mainly used for
manufacturing the parts subject to weak media
corrosion and load below 800, such as cooking
utensils and tableware, etc
1Cr17Ni7
Metastable austenite steel is the steel subject to
easiest cold deformation strengthening. It can obtain
high strength and hardness through cold processing
while keeping sufficient plastic strength, it
possesses better corrosion resistance under
atmospheric conditions. It is mainly used to
manufacture the equipment and units that are to
withstand higher load under cold processing state
while expecting lighter weight and corrosion
resistance, such as railway cars, decoration plates,
conveyer belt and fasteners, etc
1Cr18Ni9
The austenite stainless steel with the longest history
possesses excellent plasticity, toughness and cold
processing property in solid solution state and better
corrosion resistance in oxidable acid, atmosphere,
water, steam or other media. Cold processing shall
offer high strength, but its elongation is a slightly
poorer than 12Cr17Ni7(1Cr17Ni7). It is mainly
used to manufacture the structural parts and welded
parts with lower requirements on corrosion
resistance and strength, such as external decoration
materials of buildings; it can be used for
nonmagnetic parts and parts for low temperature
device. But it intends to have intergranular
corrosion in sensitizing state or after welding, so, it
is not proper to be used as welded structural
material.
Y1Cr18Ni9
12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) improved cutting property
steel. It is the best material to make roller, shaft, bolt
and nut, etc, by fast cutting (by automatic lathe, etc)
Y1Cr18Ni9Se
In addition to adjustment made to phosphonium and
sulphur contents in 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) steel,
selenium has also been added to improve the cutting
property of 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) steel. It is
applicable to less cutting volume, and also suitable
for hot processing or cold processing, such as screw
and rivet, etc
27

GB/T 12202007
17

S30408

06Cr19Ni10

Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

0Cr18Ni9

Table B.1 (continued)


Original grade
Properties and applications

18

S30403

022Cr19Ni10

00Cr19Ni10

22

S30488

06Cr18Ni9Cu3

0Cr18Ni9Cu3

S30458

06Cr19Ni10N

0Cr19Ni9N

S30478

06Cr19Ni9NbN

0Cr19Ni10NbN

S30453

022Cr19Ni9Ni10N

00Cr18Ni10N

S30510

10Cr18Ni12

1Cr18Ni12

23

24

25

26

A
steel
developed
on
the
basis
of
12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) steel, its property is similar
to 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) steel, but its corrosion
resistance is better than 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9)
steel, it can be used to make welded part of small
section dimension, so it is a kind of stainless steel of
largest quantity and most extensive range in
application. It is suitable for manufacturing
deep-punching formed parts, as well as acid
delivery pipe, vessel and structural parts, etc, it can
also be used to make nonmagnetic/low-temperature
equipment and parts

This is a super low carbon austenite stainless steel


developed to solve the problem that Cr23C6
seepage make 06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel have
severe intergranular corrosion tendency under
certain conditions, its intergranular corrosion
resistance in sensitizing state is remarkably better
than 06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel. Except for
strength which is a slightly lower, all the other
properties
are
the
same
as
06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel, mainly used to
make corrosion resistant equipment and parts by
way of welding while it is impossible to carry out
solution treatment after welding
It is a stainless steel developed on the basis of
06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel to improve its cold
forming property. Addition of copper reduces the
hardening tendency in cold processing and the
reduction of hardening rate in cold processing
offers maximum cold deformation under less
forming pressure. It is mainly used to
manufacture cold upsetting fastener and parts for
cold forming like deep drawing, etc
Nitrogen is added to 06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9)
steel, not only to prevent reduction of plasticity,
but also to improve steel strength and hardening
tendency in processing, improve the pitting
corrosion resistance and intergranular corrosion
resistance of steel and reduce material thickness.
It can be used to make equipment or structural
parts requiring certain corrosion resistance, higher
strength and lighter weight.
Nitrogen and niobium are added to
06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel to improve the
pitting corrosion resistance and intergranular
corrosion resistance of steel, the properties and
applications of which are the same as
06Cr19Ni10N(0Cr19Ni9N) steel
It
is
extra-low
carbon
steel
of
06Cr19Ni10N(0Cr19Ni9N). As the intergranular
corrosion
resistance
of
06Cr19Ni10N
(0Cr19Ni9N) steel is remarkably lowered when it
is heated under 450 ~ 900 temperature, so
022Cr19Ni10N(00Cr18Ni10N)
steel
is
recommended to welded equipment and parts.
It is a stainless steel developed on the basis of
12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9) steel through increasing
nickel content in steel. Its processing hardening
property is lower than 12Cr18Ni9(1Cr18Ni9)
steel. It is suitable for spinning and special
purpose drawing, such as used as cold upsetting
28

GB/T 12202007

S30908

06Cr23Ni13

0Cr23Ni13

35

S31008

06Cr25Ni20

0Cr25Ni20

38

S31608

06Cr17Ni12Mo2

0Cr17Ni12Mo2

39

S31603

022Cr17Ni12M02

00Cr17Ni14Mo2

Code
in
GB/T
20878
41

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

S31668

43

32

steel, etc
High-chrome-nickel austenite stainless steel, its
corrosion
resistance
is
better
than
06Cr19Ni10(0Cr19Ni9) steel, but it mostly used
as heat-resisting steel in actual application
High-chrome-nickel austenite stainless steel with
excellent corrosion resistance in oxidable media
and very good high-temperature mechanical
property, as well, its anti-oxidation property is
better than 06Cr23Ni3(0Cr23Ni3) steel, its pitting
resistance and stress corrosion resistance are
better than 18-8 type stainless steel, it can be used
in both corrosion resistant parts and as
heat-resisting steel
Molybdenum
is
added
to
10Cr18Ni12(1Cr18Ni12) steel so that the steel
has excellent properties of reductive media
resistance and pitting resistance. In sea water and
other media, its corrosion resistance is better than
06Cr19Ni10(0Cr18Ni9) steel. It is mainly used as
pitting resistant material
The extra-low carbon steel of 06Cr17Ni12Mo2
(0Cr17Ni12Mo2), with excellent sensitizing state
intergranular corrosion resistance. It is suitable for
manufacturing the welded parts and equipment of
thick section dimension, such as corrosion
resistant material for equipment in petrochemical,
fertilizer, paper making, printing and dyeing and
atomic energy industries

Table B.1 (continued)


Original grade

Properties and applications

06Cr17Ni12Mo2Ti

0Cr18Ni12Mo3Ti

S31658

06Cr17Ni12Mo2N

0Cr17Ni12Mo2N

44

S31653

022Cr17Ni12Mo2N

00Cr17Ni13Mo2N

45

S31688

06Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2

0Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2

46

S31683

022Cr18Ni14Mo2Cu2

00Cr18Ni14Mo2Cu2

This is a steel species developed to solve


the
problem
that
06Cr17Ni112Mo2(0Cr17Ni12Mo2) steel
have intergranular corrosion tendency, it
possesses excellent intergranular corrosion
resistance and other properties are similar
to
06Cr17Ni112Mo2(0Cr17Ni12Mo2)
steel. It is suitable for manufacturing
welded parts.
Nitrogen
is
added
to
06Cr17Ni12Mo2(0Cr17Ni12Mo2) steel,
to improve steel strength without
reduction of plasticity and reduce material
thickness. It can be used to make parts
requiring good corrosion resistance and
high strength
Nitrogen
is
added
to
022Cr17Ni12Mo2(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) steel
so that it possesses the same properties as
022Cr17Ni12Mo2(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) steel
and the applications are the same as
06Cr17Ni12Mo2N(0Cr17Ni12Mo2N)
steel, but the intergranular corrosion
resistance is much better. It is mainly used
in such fields as fertilizer, paper making,
medicine making and high pressure
equipment, etc
2%
of
Cu
is
added
to
06Cr17Ni12Mo2(0Cr17NiMo2) steel to
improve its corrosion resistance and
pitting corrosion resistance. It is mainly
used as sulfuric acid resistant material,
which can also be used to make welded
structural parts, pipes and vessels, etc
It is the extra-low carbon steel of
29

GB/T 12202007

49

S31708

06Cr19Ni13Mo3

0Cr19Ni13Mo3

50

S31703

022Cr19Ni13Mo3

00Cr19Ni13Mo3

52

S31794

03Cr18Ni16Mo5

0Cr18Ni16Mo5

55

S32168

06Cr18Ni11Ti

0Cr18Ni10Ti

62

S34778

06Cr18Ni11Nb

0Cr18Ni11Nb

Code
in
GB/T
20878
64

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

S38148

06Cr18Ni13Si4

06Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2 (0Cr18Ni12MoCu2)
steel. Its intergranular corrosion resistance
is better than 06Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2
(0Cr18Ni12MoCu2)
steel.
The
applications
are
the
same
as
06Cr18Ni12Mo2Cu2 (0Cr18Ni12MoCu2)
steel
The pitting corrosion resistance and creep
resistance is better than 06Cr17Ni12Mo2
(0Cr17Ni12Mo) steel. It is used to make
paper making equipment, printing and
dyeing
equipment,
petrochemical
equipment and organic acid corrosion
resistant equipment, etc
It is the extra-low carbon steel of
06Cr19Ni13Mo3 (0Cr19Ni13Mo3) steel.
Its intergranular corrosion resistance is
better
than
06Cr19Ni13Mo3
(0Cr19Ni13Mo3) steel. The applications
are the same as 06Cr19Ni13Mo3
(0Cr19Ni13Mo3) steel
High-molybdenum stainless steel with
pitting corrosion resistance better than
022Cr17Ni12Mo2(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) steel
and
06Cr17Ni12Mo2Ti
(0Cr18Ni12Mo3Ti)
steel,
and
the
corrosion resistance in sulfuric acid,
formic acid, acetic acid and other media is
much better than the common Cr-Ni steel
containing 2 % ~ 4% of Mo. It is mainly
used in the heat exchanger dealing with
chlorine solion, acetic acid equipment,
phosphoric acid equipment, bleaching
facilities, etc, as well as used in the
environment no applicable to less steel
with pitting corrosion resistance better
than 022Cr17Ni12Mo2 (00Cr17Ni14Mo2)
steel
and
06Cr17Ni12Mo2Ti
(0Cr18Ni12Mo3Ti) steel
Titanium is added to titanium stabilized
austenite stainless steel to improve
intergranular corrosion resistance, which
has excellent high-temperature mechanical
property. It can be substituted by extra-low
carbon austenite stainless steel. It shall not
be recommended other than special
purposes (high temperature or hydrogen
corrosion resistance)
Niobium is added to niobium stabilized
austenite stainless steel to improve
intergranular corrosion resistance, the
corrosion resistance in acid, alkali, salt
and other media is the same as
06Cr18Ni11Ti (0Cr18Ni10Ti) steel, with
good welding performance. It can be used
both as corrosion resistance material and
heat-resisting steel mainly in thermal
power stations and petrochemical fields,
etc, to make vessel, pipe, heat exchanger
and shafts, etc; it can also be used as
welding material

Table B.1 (continued)


Original grade

Properties and applications

0Cr18Ni13Si4

Nickel and silicon are added to 06Cr19Ni10


(0Cr18Ni9) steel to improve its stress
corrosion resistance and fracture property. It
30

GB/T 12202007
can be used in the environment containing
chloride ion, such as vehicle exhaust
purifying device, etc
67

S31860

68

S21953

70

S22253

71

S22053

73

S22553

75

S25554

78

S11348

Austenite-ferrite type
1Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti Silicon so contained has improved the
strength and aqua fortis corrosion resistance
of the steel, it can be used to make parts and
equipment requiring resistance to high
temperature and aqua fortis media, such as
aqua fortis discharge valve, etc
022Cr19Ni5Mo3Si2N 00Cr18Ni5Mo3Si2 It is a special purpose stainless steel with
chloride stress corrosion resistance formed
by adding 0.05% N ~ 0.10% N into Sweden
3RE60 steel. Its corrosion resistance is
equivalent
to
022Cr17Ni12Mo2
(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) steel. It is applicable to
the environment containing chloride ion to
make heat exchanger and condenser, etc, for
oil refining, fertilizer, paper making,
petrochemical and chemical industries, it
can also be used in place of 022Cr19Ni10
(00Cr19Ni10) steel and 022Cr17Ni12Mo2
(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) steel for applications in
environment subject to stress corrosion
damage
Developed on the basis of Sweden SAF2205
022Cr22Ni5Mo3N
steel, it is a dual phase stainless steel of
most extensive applications in the world.
With resistance to the environment
containing hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide
and chloride, it can be used for cold/hot
processing and forming, used as structural
material in place of 022Cr19Ni10
(00Cr19Ni10)
and
022Cr17Ni12Mo2
(00Cr17Ni14Mo2) austenite stainless steel.
It is used to make oil well pipe, chemical
storage tank, heat exchanger and
condensation cooler, etc, the pressure
equipment subject to pitting corrosion and
stress corrosion
Derived from 022Cr22Ni5Mo3N, its
022Cr22Ni5Mo3N
application range is narrower. The properties
and applications are the same as
022Cr22Ni5Mo3N steel
It comes from 0Cr22Ni5Mo3N steel by
022Cr25Ni6Mo2N
increasing molybdenum content, decreasing
carbon content and adding nitrogen,
featuring high strength, chloride stress
corrosion resistance and good welding
performance, it is a steel of best pitting
corrosion resistance. It can be used in place
of 0Cr26Ni5Mo2 steel. It is mainly applied
in the industrial fields like chemical,
fertilizer and petrochemical industries to
make heat exchanger and evaporator, etc
Developed on the basis of British Ferralium
03Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu2N
alloy 255, it possesses excellent mechanical
property and local corrosion resistance,
especially, its wear resistance is better than
common austenite stainless steel, so, it is an
ideal material for sea water environment. It
can be used to make screw propeller and
shaft for ship, or sealers for submarine, etc,
it is also applicable to chemical,
petrochemical, natural gas, paper pulp and
paper making industries, etc
Ferrite type
Low-chrome pure ferrite stainless steel is a
06Cr13A1
0Cr13A1
non-quench hardened steel. Its stainlessness
and anti-oxidation is equivalent to
low-chrome steel, while its plasticity,
toughness and cold forming property is
better than other ferrite stainless steels
containing higher chrome. It is mainly
applied in the places not suitable for
12Cr13(1Cr13) steel or 10Cr17(1Cr17) steel
14Cr18Ni11Si4A1Ti

31

GB/T 12202007
because of air quench hardening, such as oil
making installation, lining of pressure
vessel, blade of steam turbine and clad steel
plate, etc

Table B.1 (continued)


Properties and applications

Code
in
GB/T
20878
83

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original
grade

S11203

022Cr12

00Cr12

85

S11710

10Cr17

86

S11717

Y10Cr17

88

S11790

10Cr17Mo

94

S12791

008Cr27Mo

95

S13091

008Cr30Mo2

96

S40310

12Cr12

97

S41008

06Cr13

98

S41010

12Cr13

It contains less carbon than 022Cr13 (0Cr13), with better


bending property at welded position, processing property
and high temperature oxidation resistance. It can applied in
vehicle exhaust treatment device, boiler combustion
chamber, nozzle, etc
It features high corrosion resistance, mechanical property
1Cr17
and thermal conductivity with stainlessness in atmosphere,
water vapor or other media, but its stainlessness is not
sufficient in the media containing higher chloride ion. It is
mainly used in the chemical facilities producing nitric acid
and grisoutite, such as absorption tower, heat exchanger,
storage tank, etc; sheet plate is mainly applied in internal
decorations of building, office equipment, kitchen utensil,
car decoration and gas burner, etc. As its brittleness
changing temperature is higher than room temperature and it
is sensitive to notching, it is not suitable to be used to make
the equipment and parts to withstand load below room
temperature, and the section dimension for the steel material
commonly used shall not exceed 4mm
It is a steel for cutting purpose improved from
Y1Cr17
10Cr17(1Cr17) mainly used to make the parts to be
processed with large cutting volume by automatic lathe, such
as bolt and nut, etc
Molybdenum is added to 10Cr17(1Cr17) steel to improve
1Cr17Mo
the pitting corrosion resistance, crevice corrosion resistance
and strength of the steel, its salt solution resistance is better
than 10Cr17(1Cr17) steel. It is mainly used as material for
vehicle hub, fastener and external decoration of vehicle
00Cr27Mo It is the earliest steel among high pure ferrite stainless steel,
its properties are similar to 008Cr30Mo2(00Cr30Mo2) steel.
It is suitable for the applications requiring both corrosion
resistance and soft-magnetic
00Cr30Mo2 It is a high pure ferrite stainless steel with low brittleness
changing temperature and good property of halogen ion
stress corrosion damage resistance, its corrosion resistance is
equivalent to pure nickel, possessing excellent toughness,
processing/forming properties and welding performance. It
is mainly applied in complete set of equipment for chemical
industry (acetic acid, lactic acid or other organic acids and
superalkali concentration engineering), food industry, oil
refining industry, electric power industry, water treatment
industry and pollution control, etc, to make heat exchanger,
pressure vessel, tank and other equipment
Martensite type
It is an excellent heat-resisting stainless steel for steam
1Cr12
turbine blades and high-stress parts
Applicable to parts requiring higher toughness and subject to
0Cr13
impact load, such as steam turbine blades, structural frame,
lining, bolt and screw cap ,etc
It is a semi-martensite type stainless steel with higher
1Cr13
strength and toughness through quench tempering treatment,
it possesses excellent corrosion resistance and machining
property. It is mainly applied to the parts requiring higher
toughness, stainlessness and subject to impact load, such as
32

GB/T 12202007

100

S41617

Y12Cr13

Y1Cr13

Code
in
GB/T
20878
101

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

Original
grade

S42020

20Cr13

2Cr13

102

S42030

30Cr13

3Cr13

103

S42037

Y30Cr13

Y3Cr13

104

S42040

40Cr13

4Cr13

106

S43110

14Cr17Ni2

4Cr17Ni2

107

S43120

17Cr16Ni2

108

S44070

68Cr17

7Cr17

109

S44080

85Cr17

8Cr17

110

S44096

108Cr17

11Cr17

cutting tool, blade, fastener, valve for water press and


pyrolysis ant-sulphur corrosion equipment, etc; it can also be
used to make the equipment and parts requiring weak
corrosive media resistance under normal temperature
condition
It is a steel with best cutting property among stainless steel,
used for automatic lathe

Table B.1 (continued)


Properties and applications
Martensite type stainless steel, main properties are similar to
12Cr13(1Cr13). As the carbon content is higher, its strength
and hardness is higher than 12Cr13(1Cr13) while its toughness
and corrosion resistance is lower. Mainly used to make parts
subject to high stress load, such as steam turbine blade, hot oil
pump and its shaft, shaft sleeve and blade, valve element for
water press, etc, it can also be applied in paper making
industry, medical device industry and everyday consumables
field to make cutting tool and tableware ,etc
It is Martensite type stainless steel, its strength, hardness and
hardenability
is
better
than
12Cr13(1Cr13)
and
20Cr13(2Cr13) steels, with certain corrosion resistance in
diluted nitric acid and weak organic cid under room
temperature, but it is no better than 12Cr13(1Cr13) and
20Cr13(2Cr13) steels. It is mainly used for strength parts, as
well as wearing parts subject to high stress load under certain
corrosive media conditions, such as cutting tools and spring to
operate under 300 degree or less, and the shaft, bolt, valve and
bearing to operate under 400 degree temperature, etc
It is a steel to improve the cutting property of 30Cr13(3Cr13)
steel. The applications are similar to 30Cr13(3Cr13) steel,
requiring better cutting property
The property and applications are similar to 30Cr13(3Cr13)
steel, but its toughness and corrosion resistance is slightly
lower. Mainly used to make surgical apparatus, bearing, valve
and spring, etc. 40Cr13 (4Cr13) steel possesses poor welding
performance, not good for manufacturing welded parts
It shall obtain higher mechanical property from heat treatment,
its corrosion resistance is better than 12Cr13(1Cr13) and
10Cr17(1Cr17) steels. It is usually used to make shafts, piston
rod, pump, valve, as well as spring and fastener, etc, requiring
both high hardenability of mechanical property and resistance
to nitric acid and organic acid corrosion
Its processing property is obviously better than 14Cr17Ni2
(1Cr17Ni2) steel, suitable for making corrosion resistant parts
requiring higher strength, toughness and plasticity and load
bearing parts working in damp media
High-chrome Martensite type stainless steel, its hardenability
is higher than 20Cr13(2Cr13) steel. In quench hardened state,
it possesses high strength and hardness while having
stainlessness and corrosion resistance. It is usually used to
make cutting tool, measuring tool, shafts, levers, valve, hooks
and other corrosion resistant parts requiring stainlessness and
resistance to the corrosion of diluted oxidable acid, organic
acid and salts
It is a hardenable stainless steel. Its property and applications
are similar to 68Cr17 (7Cr17) steel, but when it is hardened,
the hardness is larger than 68Cr17(7Cr17) steel while
toughness is better than 108Cr17(11Cr17) steel. It is used to
make cutting tool and valve seat, etc
Its hardness is the highest among hardenable stainless steels
33

GB/T 12202007

Y108Cr17

Y11Cr17

and stainless steels. Its property and applications are similar to


68Cr17 (7Cr17) steel. It is used to make jet nozzle and bearing,
etc
It is a steel species improve from 108Cr17 (11Cr17) steel. It is
designed for automatic lathe

111

S44097

Code
in
GB/T
20878

Unified
numerical
code

New grade

S44090

95Cr18

9Cr18

115

S45710

13Cr13Mo

1Cr13Mo

116

SS45830

32Cr13Mo

3Cr13Mo

117
118

S45990
S46990

102Cr17Mo
90Cr18MoV

9Cr18Mo
9Cr18MoV

136

S51550

05Cr15Ni5Cu4Nb

137

S51740

05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

Table B.1 (continued)


Original grade
Properties and applications

112

High-carbon Martensite type stainless steel.


Corrosion resistance is better than Cr17 type
Martensite type stainless steel, while other
properties are similar to Cr17 type Martensite
type stainless steel. It is mainly used to make
corrosion resistant and wearing resistant
high-strength parts, such as shaft, pump, valve
element, levers, spring and fastener, etc. Uneven
carbohydrate is easy to form in this steel to affect
steel quality and property, which should be noted
in production.
It is high strength steel with better corrosion
resistance than 12Cr13(1Cr13) steel. It is used to
make steam turbine blades and high temperature
parts, etc
Molybdenum is added to 30Cr13(3Cr13) steel to
improve steel strength and hardness, which has
also strengthened secondary hardening effect, and
it corrosion resistance is better than
30Cr13(3Cr13) steel. Its main applications are
similar to 30Cr13(3Cr13) steel
The property and applications are similar to
95Cr18(9Cr18) steel. Because molybdenum and
vanadium are added to this steel, its high
temperature strength and anti-tempering capacity
are better than 95Cr18(9Cr18) steel. The main
applications are the same as 30Cr13(3Cr13) steel.
It is mainly used to make the parts to withstand
friction and work in corrosive media, such as
measuring tool and cutting tool, etc

Precipitation-hardening type

0Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb

It is martensite precipitation-hardening type


stainless steel developed from 05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb
(1Cr17Ni2) steel, in addition to high strength, it
possesses also high transverse toughness and
sound forgeability, its corrosion resistance is
equivalent to 05Cr17Ni4Cu4Nb (1Cr17Ni2)
steel, it is mainly applied to the service
environment requiring not only high strength and
good toughness, but also excellent corrosion
resistance, such as high strength forged parts,
valve elements of high pressure system and parts
of air plane
It is martensite precipitation-hardening type
stainless steel added with copper and niobium, its
strength can be adjusted through changing heat
treatment technique, the corrosion resistance is
better than Cr13 type, 95Cr18(9Cr18) and
14Cr17Ni2 (1Cr17Ni2) steels, the resistance to
corrosion, fatigue and water drop erosion is better
than 12% martensite type stainless steel, welding
34

GB/T 12202007

138

S51770

07Cr17Ni7A1

0Cr17Ni7A1

139

S51570

07Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

0Cr15Ni7Mo2A1

procedure is simple and easy to be processed, but


it is hard to conduct deep cold forming. It is
mainly used to make high strength parts requiring
both of stainlessness and resistance to corrosion
of weak acid, alkalis and salt. Such as the final
level moving blade of steam turbine and the
structural parts working in corrosive environment
with operating temperature to be less than 300
It is semi-martensite precipitation-hardening type
stainless steel added with aluminium, the
compositions is nearly the same as 18-8 type
austenite stainless steel with excellent melting
and processing properties. It can be used to make
the structural parts, vessel, pipe, spring, washer
and measuring device parts to work below 350
for a prolonged period of time. The technique for
heat treatment of this steel is complicated, so
there is tendency to be substituted by martensite
ageing worldwide, but there are still extensive
application fields
It is a semi-martensite precipitation-hardening
type stainless steel using 2% Mo to substitute 2%
Cr in 07Cr17NiAl (0Cr17NiAl) steel to improve
its resistance to the corrosion of reductive media
and its comprehensive performance is better than
07Cr17NiAl (0Cr17NiAl) steel. It is used to
make the high strength vessel, parts and structural
parts with certain corrosion resistant requirements
in astronautical navigation, petrochemical and
energy fields ,etc

---------------------------

35