Anda di halaman 1dari 25

TO CP-LIST

TO CP- LIST

CONTENTS
SECTION

TITLE

PAGE

SCOPE

EXCLUSION

DEFINITIONS
3.1
Sour Service
3.2
Hazardous service
3.3
Corrosive Service
3.4
Connection

3
2
3
3
3

SERVICE CATEGORY
4.1
Service Category 'A'
4.2
Service Category 'B'

4
4
4

DESIGN AND INSTALLATION


5.1
Branch Connections
5.2
Design Tolerances
5.3.
Jointing Methods

4
4
7
8

MATERIALS

14

INSPECTION AND TESTING


7.1
Radiography Quality
7.2
Random radiograph
7.3
Joint Failure Inspection
7.4
Butt Welded Joint Inspection
7.5
Screwed Joint Inspection Prior to and Post Seal Welding

15
15
15
15
15
16

APPENDICES
Appendix I

Service Category Selection for Typical ADMA-OPCO


Service Conditions.

17

Appendix II

Branch Connection Schedule

21

Appendix III Recommended Practices to Modify Small Bore Screwed


Connections of Existing Equipment

22

Appendix IV List of reference Standards

24

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
1 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

1.

SCOPE
1.1

This Code of Practice specifies ADMA-OPCO general requirements /


recommended practices for the design, installation, inspection and testing of
small bore (2" NPS and below) branch connections in carbon steel piping.
Specification of these requirements is dependent upon the Service Category
associated with the fluid and process conditions. A list of fluids and
conditions commonly encountered in ADMA-OPCO installations and the
Service Category to be applied in each case is given in Appendix I.

2.

1.2

Problem cases which may arise from small bore connections on the existing
pressure vessels, heat exchangers, separators etc., should be treated as
recommended by this Code. However, special attention should be given to
the screwed connections which require repair as illustrated in Appendix III
of this Code.

1.3

This Code of Practice does not directly apply to the items listed below,
however its recommendation/constraints should be considered when
specifying, ordering or installing new equipment package unit/piping system:

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Small bore connections on equipment installed in a piping system


e.g. pump casings, valve bodies, orifice box connections etc.

b.

Small bore piping, factory installed as part of an equipment package


unit e.g. lube oil coolers piping, air coolers etc.

EXCLUSION
2.1

a.

This Code of Practice does not apply to the following:a.

Stainless steel, galvanized steel, non-ferrous and non-metallic


piping systems.

b.

Small bore "non flowing" branches downstream of the first isolation


valve e.g. instrument/sample connections, vents and atmospheric
drains.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
2 OF 24

3.

TO CONTENTS

DEFINITIONS

Definitions shall be as given in ANSI/ASME B31.3 except for the following:


3.1

Sour Service
Includes sour hydrocarbon process fluids as defined in the NACE Standard
MR01 75 (paras 1.3.1, 1.3.2 and figs 1 and 2).

3.2

Hazardous Service
As defined in API RP14E, subsection 2.7 and extended by (e) & (f) as
follows:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

3.3

Hydrocarbon service above 2000 psig i.e. all pipework class 900 and
above.
Hydrocarbon service above 200 oF.
Hydrocarbon service piping subject to cyclic vibration.
Glycol service.
Lethal, Toxic and dangerous chemicals.
Steam in all conditions of saturation and superheat.

Corrosive Service
Includes any fluid and process condition which may lead to appreciable
metal loss corrosion of carbon steel. Assessment of corrosive service is to be
made by Quality Assurance Department.

3.4

Connection
Is defined as a branch or joint connection. It normally consists of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
N.B.
i.
ii.

iii.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Joint fitting (weldolet, sockelet, tee etc.)


Spool, pipe (pup piece) etc.
Flange or coupling.
Isolation Valve (flanged type).

The isolation valve should be fitted as close as possible to the joint


fitting.
In case that the isolation valve cannot be fitted close to the joint
fitting, particular attention shall be given to eliminate dead leg piping
configuration.
In extreme cases where the implementation of the requirement in (ii)
above is found impossible, Engineering Division shall be consulted.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
3 OF 24

4.

TO CONTENTS

SERVICE CATEGORY

The requirements for design, installation, inspection and testing of all small bore
carbon steel piping systems are dependent on the Service Category of the system.
The service category shall be defined as follows:
4.1

Service Category 'A'


This is the most stringent category and is mandatory for all hazardous, sour
or corrosive services. Other duties may be specified in this category if
additional integrity is required.

4.2

Service Category 'B'


This category covers all remaining duties not included in category 'A' which
are non-hazardous, not sour and non-corrosive. The requirements for this
category are the minimum to be applied to any carbon steel piping system.
N.B:
Typical ADMA-OPCO Pipeline Service conditions are tabulated in
Appendix I of this Code of Practice.

5.

DESIGN AND INSTALLATION


Small bore piping and piping connections shall generally be designed in accordance
with API RP14E (for Offshore Installation) and ANSI/ASME B31.3 (for Onshore Das Island Installation) except as modified by this Code of Practice.
5.1

Branch Connections
5.1.1

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

The selection of small bore branch connection design type shall be in


accordance with Table 1A for Service Category A, and Table 1B for
Service Category B (Appendix II of this Code).

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
4 OF 24

5.1.2

TO CONTENTS

The minimum branch size shall be as follows:

TABLE 5.1.2

MINIMUM BRANCH SIZE (NPS )


LOCATIO N

CATEGORY

CATEGORY B

Das Island
a.

Piping Installation

b.

Vessels Installation
b.1 Existing Vessels *
b.2 New Vessels

2 (DN 50)

1 (DN 25)

1 (DN 25)
2 (DN 50)

1 (DN 25)
2 (DN 50)

2 (DN 50)

1 (DN 25)

1 (DN 25)
2 (DN 50)

1 (DN 50)
2 (DN 50)

Offshore
a.

Piping Installation

b.

Vessels Installation
b.1 Existing Vessels *
b.2 New Vessels

N.B.
Where practical each vessel connection shall be provided with a flanged
valve close to the connection at full branch size. Downstream of this
valve the pipe size and wall thickness may be reduced. (See also NB of
Table 5.1.3.)
* Whenever an existing vessel is taken out of production for overhaul
or repair, the opportunity should be taken, if deemed necessary to
modify the nozzles as indicated in the above Table. However, nozzles
which require replacement and internal coating should be referred to
Engineering Division for possible upgrading of these nozzles to 2 (DN
50) NPS to facilitate internal coating of the same.

Rev

6 - 91

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEE T
5 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

5.1.3

The minimum wall thickness (pipe schedule) for small bore branch
connections shall be as follows:
TABLE 5.1.3

MINIMUM WALL
THICKNESS/PIPE SCHEDULE
LOCATION

CLASS

CATEGORY A

CATEGORY B

- All Classes
- Class 600
and below
- Class 900
and above

Sch. 160

--

--

Sch. 80

--

Sch. 160

- All Classes
- All Classes

Sch. 160
Sch. 160

Sch. 160
Sch. 160

- All Classes
- Class 600
and below
- Class 900
and above

Sch. 160

--

--

Sch. 80

--

Sch. 160

- All Classes
- All Classes

Sch. 160
Sch. 160

Sch. 160
Sch. 160

Das Island
a.

b.

Piping Installation

Vessels Installation
b.1 Existing Vessels *
b.2 New Vessels

Offshore
a.

b.

Piping Installation

Vessels Installation
b.1 Existing Vessels *
b.2 New Vessels

N.B:
The wall thickness of small bore carbon steel pipe downstream of the first
branch isolation valve may be reduced subject to the system design
conditions/calculation in accordance with ANSI/ASME B31.3.
* See N.B. of Table 5.1.2

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
6 OF 24

5.2

TO CONTENTS

Design Tolerances
5.2.1

Manufacturers Tolerance
The minimum manufacturers allowance to be used in design shall be
12.1/2% applied of the nominal pipe wall thickness.

5.2.2

Threading Allowance
The minimum threading allowance to be used in wall thickness
calculations of threaded piping, where such connections are
permitted shall be as follows:

Minimum Pipe Size (NPS)

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Minimum Threading Allowance

Inch

mm

Inch

mm

25

0.07

1.78

1.1/2

40

0.07

1.78

50

0.07

1.78

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
7 OF 24

5.3

TO CONTENTS

Jointing Methods

The jointing methods for small bore carbon steel piping shall be given
priority/preference as tabulated below:-

No.

Jointing Method

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Category B

Remarks

1.

Butt Welding

Mandatory

2.

Socket Welding

Not Acceptable First Alternative

Shall be installed
under closely
controlled
supervision,
Inspection and
Testing.

3.

Screwed

Not Acceptable Last Alternative

- Ditto -

5.3.1

Category A

Preferred

Flanges
a.

Flanges shall be ANSI, carbon steel, welding neck to


ADMA-OPCO STD-108, flange weld face shall be
compatible with that specified for the run of welded pipe.

b.

Slip-on flanges shall not be used on Service Category A, or


on Service Category B at Class 600 and above.

c.

Slip-on flanges shall not be fitted directly to pipe fittings

d.

API flanges are not recommended for process plant and if


associated with a piping system e.g. wellheads, no welding on
them will be accepted, unless carbon content is restricted in
accordance with Section 6.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
8 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

e.

Flanges, 2 NPS (DN 50) and smaller shall normally be


supplied as follows:

PIPE DESIGN
CLASS
150
300
600
900

FLANGE RATING FLANGE FACING


CLASS
150
RF
300
RF
600
RF
1500
RJ

N.B.
The loading of flange bolting is critical and make-up should be
done under close supervision using specially regulated torquing
tools.
5.3.2

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Butt Welding Joints


a.

Generally, the only acceptable welding technique for


small bore piping is Gas Tungston Arc Welding
(GTAW).
However the Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)
technique may be considered for NPS 2 inch (DN 50)
butt welds on Service Category A & P piping,
provided that the electrode size is a maximum of
2.5mm and the pipe wall thickness is not less than
3/16 inch (4.75mm ). This electrode diameter
restriction does not apply to Service Category B
piping.

b.

Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) and WPS


Qualifications shall be in accordance with ADMAOPCO STD 101 and this Code of Practice, and require
ADMA-OPCO approval. WPS qualification shall
normally be required for Service Category A & B
piping.

c.

The maximum mis-alignment of bores shall be 0.8mm


and a backing ring or fusible insert shall not be used.
Weld preparations shall be as given in Figures 5.3.2
(a) and (b).

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
9 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
10 OF 24

5.3.3

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

TO CONTENTS

Socket Welding Joints


a.

Forged socket welding fittings may be installed subject to the


constraints of design (Subsection 5.3) , materials (Section 6)
and installation stated herein, i.e. for category B only.

b.

Preparation and assembly of the joint for welding shall be


supervised and inspected (Section 7) to ensure that pipe ends
are axially square to the base of the fitting to the dimensions
and gaps shown below in Figure 5.3.3. To ensure a 1.6mm
root gap the pipe end shall first be fully inserted, the outside
surface of the pipe shall then be marked in line with the end
face of the socket. The pipe shall then be withdrawn
approximately 1.6mm before welding.

c.

Welding Procedure Specifications, (WPS0 Qualifications


shall be in accordance with ADMA-OPCO STD 101 and this
Code of Practice and require ADMA-OPCO approval. WPS
qualifications are required for Service Category B piping
unless otherwise advised by QAD.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
11 OF 24

5.3.4

TO CONTENTS

Screwed Joints
a.

Screwed joints shall not be used in Service Category A and


should be minimised on Service Category B, especially if
vibration can occur with resultant cyclic stress can be applied
to the joint.

b.

If screwed joints cannot be avoided in service category B they


shall be seal welded in accordance with this Section and shall
be subject to special inspection per Subsection 7.5 of this
code.

c.

Taper pipe thread to ANSI/ASME B1.20.1 shall be used for


internal and external screwed pipe and fittings.

d.

Materials shall be as stated in Section 6 with thicknesses in


accordance with 5.1.3. Screwed joints for seal welding shall
be cleaned with solvent, be rust free and made-up without
lubricant or sealant.
NB
i.

ii.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

"Handling Tight" is in excess of "hand tight and is


defined as sufficiently tight so that a coupling cannot
be removed except by use of a wrench.
"Hand Tight" is defined as made up without the use of
tools. The hand tight stand off for the NPS range
covered herein is nominally three thread turns and is
given dimensionally on Table/Diagram 2 of this Code.

e.

If seal welding cannot be applied to screwed joints in service


category B, they should be made up with thread compounds
conforming to API Bull 5A2. Teflon and other tapes shall not
be used in screwed joints.

f.

Seal welding shall be carried out as follows:f.1

Seal welding shall be carried out by qualified,


pipecoded welders.

f.2

All exposed thread shall be covered by seal weld.

f.3

Seal welds may be used only to prevent leakage of


threaded joints. They shall not be considered as
contributing any strength to the joint.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
12 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
13 OF
24

6.

TO CONTENTS

MATERIALS

The materials listed herein are limited to low strength carbon steels for pipe and
fittings since these are readily available and their excellent welding qualities will
result in the best possible installation. The basic material philosophy is API 5L grade
B pipe with forged fittings of compatible yield strength. Within the scope of this
philosophy are the following material specifications:SR.
ITEM
No.
1. Pipe

MATERIAL
SPECIFICATIONS
API 5L Gr B
ASTM A 106 Gr B

REMARKS

ASTM A 105
ASTM A 181 Gr B
ASTM A 234 Gr WPB

1. All fitting are to be forging


2. Dimensional Standard shall be
ANSI/ASME B 16.9 for butt-welding and
socket welding and ANSI B16.11 screwed
fittings
3. Flanges shall be to the requirement of
ADMA-OPCO Standard STD 108.
4. Substitution of the above pipe and fitting
materials for carbon steel piping systems
shall be subject to ED/QAD approval.

2.

Fittings

3.
4.

Stud bolts ASTM A 193 Gr B7


Nuts
ASTM A 194 Gr 2H

1. Fit to be Class 2 or equal from BS 4882


2. Stud bolts and nuts, 1/2 - 13 UNC and
larger, are to be Zinc Plated and shall be
within the thread tolerance for Class 2A fit
after coating as noted in BS 919 Part. I
3. The manufacturer may also submit an
alternative coating specification for
approval by QAD.
N.B. An acceptable coating procedure is
phosphate treated in conjunction with
PTFE coating.

Mandatory Requirement No. 1


Materials in contact with sour fluids shall be supplied in the finished condition stated in the
NACE Standard MR01 75 and ADMA-OPCO SP-1000 eg. carbon and low alloy steels
shall have a maximum hardness of HBN 237 (HRC 22)
Mandatory Requirement No. 2
The steel of pipe and fittings for welding (including seal welding of screwed fittings)
applications shall be supplied with a carbon content not exceeding 0.25% even if this is a
curtailment of any of the above specification.
1

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
14 OF
24

TO CONTENTS

7.

INSPECTION & TESTING


The basic requirements of Inspection and Testing shall be that nominated in
ANSI/ASME B 31.3 and API RP 14E as modified and extended herein. The
acceptance of small bore pipe to this Code of Practice shall be a successful
hydrostatic test at a pressure of 1.5 times the maximum allowable working pressure
of the system and a minimum of 7 bar. In addition, screwed joints (seal welded) and
socket-welded joints shall be radiographed as per Subsection 7.2 to establish that
joint make-up is acceptable.
N.B:
Radiography is not intended as an inspection of welding quality for acceptance
purposes.
7.1

Radiographic Quality
Radiography shall be to BS 2910 and shall be of sufficient quality to give
adequate details of the joint make-up.

7.2

Random Radiography
One in ten, screwed or socket welded joints, selected at random by
ADMA-OPCO's Inspection Engineering Representative shall be
radiographed.

7.3

7.4

Joint Failure Inspection


7.3.1

If random radiography reveals unacceptable set up or defects, two


further joints in the group shall be radiographed and any further
discovery of unacceptable joint shall require the radiography of all
joints within the group.

7.3.2

Defective joints shall be made up again, welded and reradiographed.

Butt Welded Joint Inspection


7.4.1

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Visual inspection of butt welded joints together with the hydrostatic


test indicated above will be sufficient normally for the acceptance of
butt welded small bore piping systems. However, ADMA-OPCO
reserve the right and at the discretion of the Inspection Engineer to
nominate joints for random radiography as per subsection 7.2. If any
joint is then found to be defective the provisions of subsection 7.3
shall apply.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
15 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

7.4.2

If radiography is applied to butt welded joints, particular attention


should be paid to root bead penetration which should not exceed the
figures given below in Table 7.4, although an occasional local slight
excess of penetration (not more than 0.5mm) is allowance at the
discretion of ADMA-OPCOs Inspection Engineer.

TABLE 7.4 PENETRATION OF ROOT BEAD

NOMINAL PIPE SIZE

MAX PENETRATION IN THE BORE


mm

7.5

NPS 1 ( DN 25)

1.5

1.1/2 (DN 40) upto and


including 2 (DN 50)

2.5

Screwed Joint Inspection Prior to and Post Seal Welding


All screwed joints are to be inspected prior to and post seal welding as
follows:

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

7.5.1

Joints are to be cleaned and degreased.

7.5.2

Ensure by visual inspection that effective thread length is fully


engaged and only run out or varnish threads are visible.

7.5.3

Wire brush and thoroughly clean the protruding threads and adjacent
fitting end.

7.5.4

Seal weld as per sub-section 5.3.4 of this Code

7.5.5

On completion of welding, the seal weld shall be proved free of


defects using full MPI or liquid penetrant dye test.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
16 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

APPENDIX I
Service Category Selection for Typical ADMA-OPCO Pipeline Service Conditions

Pipeline

Service

Designation

Description

AC
AGC
ATK
BKF
CIN
CL
CO

CSD
CW

DEA
DR

DW
FG

FM

Acidiser
Acid Gases
Aviation
Turbine Kero
Bunker Fuel
Chemical
Injection
Chlorine
Crude Oil
a) Sour
b) Wet &
Corrosive
c) Non-sour
d) Non-sour
Caustic Soda
(50%)
Cooling Water
a) Sea water
b) Other water
Diethanolamine
Oil to drain
a) Sour, wet or
corrosive
b) Non-sour
Drain water
Fuel gas
a) Sour
b) Non-sour
Fire Mains

Service Conditions *

Service Category

Pressure
psig (bar)
All
All

Temperature
F ( C)

(A or B)

All
All

B (See Note 1)
A

All
All

All
All

(See Note 2 )
B (See Note 3)

All
All

All
All

A (See Note 4)
B (See Note 5)

All

All

All
>2000 (138)
<2000 (138)

All
>210 (99)
<210 (99)

A
A
B (See Note 3)

All

All

A (See Note 5)

All

All

All

All

A (See Note 6)
B (See Note 3)
A (See Note 5)

All
<2000 (138)
All

All
<210 (99)
All

A
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)

> 65 (4.5)
All

All
<210 (99)

A
B (See Note 3)
As designation CW

* As per ADMA-OPCO current application/operating conditions.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
17 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

Appendix I (Continued)

Pipeline

Service

Designation

Description

FO
FP
FRN
GC

GN
IA
IG
LO
PA
PG
PRP
PW
RO
RV

Fuel oil
Foam
Freon
Gas
Condensate
a) Sour
b) Non-sour
Nitrogen
Instrument Air
Inert Gas
Lube Oil
Plant Air
Pilot gas
Propane
Produced water
Recovered Oil
Relief Gas
a) Sour
b) Non-sour
Steam
a) Superheated

Service Conditions *

Service Category

Pressure
psig (bar)
<2000 (138)
All
All

Temperature
F ( C)
< 210 (99)
All
All

(A or B)

> 65 (4.5)
> 65 (4.5)
All
All
All
All
All

All
<210 (99)
All
All
All
All
All

All
All
All

>210 (99)
All
All

A
B (See Note 3)
B
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)
As designation FG
A (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)

>65 (4.5)
All

All
All

A
B (See Note 3)

All
All

All
All

A
B (See Note 3)

>65 (4.5)
All

>210 (99)
All

A (See Note 3)
A (See Note 6)
designation FG(b)

All
All
All
> 65 (4.5)
> 65 (4.5)

All
All
All
All
All

A (See Note 5)
A (See Note 6)
B (See Note 3)
A
B (See Note 3)

B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)
B (See Note 3)

or

SC
SEW
SFG
SUL
SW
TW
V

Saturated
b) Other
Steam
Condensate
Sewage
Sweet fuel gas
Sulphuric
acid 94%
Sea water
Treated water
Flare gas

* As per ADMA-OPCO current application/operating conditions.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
18 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

Appendix I Notes
1.

'AC' Acidising/Kill Lines are not in continuous service and as such can be treated as
Service Category B unless the added integrity of service Category A is requested by
the user department.

2.

'ATK' pipework should normally be in stainless steel, or specially lined carbon steel.
In either case this Code of Practice does not apply and guidance should be sought
from Engineering Division.

3.

The maximum specification of this Code of Practice would not normally be required
unless the user department considers it is necessary for safety or maintenance
reasons in the cases listed below. Individual cases as such should be referred to
Engineering Division/QAD for Clarification.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

3.1

Non-sour & non-corrosive crude oil and other hydrocarbon pipelines for
working temperatures and pressures below 99 oC (210 oF) and 138 bar (2000
psi).

3.2

Drain lines from hydrocarbon processing plant and equipment after the first
block valve.

3.3

Water and steam condensate lines in which corrosion is not considered to be


a problem.

3.4

Air and non-hydrocarbon gas lines when toxicity and corrosion are not a
problem such as "GN" - nitrogen.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
19 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

4.

CIN chemical injection lines would normally be in plastic or stainless steel (or
other suitable alloys) by virtue of their corrosive nature or for cleanliness. If carbon
steel is proposed for such service, guidelines from the Quality Assurance
Department should be sought. If use of carbon steel is acceptable, then Service
Category A is required. Chemicals in this category include:
Designation
ANF
BCD
CRI
DMF
FAD
GLC
KL
MNL
OSC
PHC

Service Description
Antifoaming Agent
Biocide
Corrosion Inhibitor
Demulsifier
Filter Aid
Glycol *
Kontol
Methanol
Oxygen Scavenger
Cycloexalamine (pH
control)
Polyelectrolyte
Sodium hyperchlorite
Scale Inhibitor
Trisodium Phosphate

SHC
SCI
TSP

* Hot Glycol associated with reboilers is a special problem.


5.

Special postweld heat treatment may be required for carbon steel piping in, caustic
soda (50%) and above, chlorine, concentrated sulphuric acid, DEA & Carbonate
Services. Such cases should be referred to Quality Assurance Department for
evaluation.

6.

Carbon steel pipe fittings are not normally used for sea water, potable water or
sewage, but if selected shall be treated as Service Category A.

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
20 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

APPENDIX II
BRANCH CONNECTION SCHEDULE
NOMINAL RUN OR PIPE (NPS)
BRANCH SIZE
(NPS)
2

2
(DN50)

3
(DN 80)

4
(DN 100)

6+
(DN 150)

ET 1

UT 1

UT 1

WOL

(DN 50)

TABLE 1A
Branch Connection Schedule for Service Category A
NOMINAL RUN OR PIPE (NPS)
BRANCH SIZE
(NPS)
1

(DN 25)

1
(DN25)

1
(DN 40)

2
(DN50)

ET 2

UT 2

UTI/SOL

ET 2

UTI/SOL

UTI/SOL

ET 1

UT 1

1 1/2 (DN 40)


2

(DN 50)

3
(DN80)

4
(DN 100)

6+
(DN 150)

WOL/SOL WOL/SOL WOL/6 SC


WOL/SOL WOL/6 SC
UT1/WOL

WOL

TABLE 1B
Branch Connection Schedule for Service Category B
Tables 1A & 1B Legend
LEGEND

DESCRIPTION

ET1

Equal Tee

Butt weld

ET2

Equal Tee

Socket welding or screwed (where allowed)

UT1

Unequal Tee -

UT2

Unequal Tee (Equal Tee + Insert)

Butt weld

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

Socket welding or screwed (where allowed)

WOL

Weldolet

6000 lb in Table 1A/3000 lb Table 1B

SOL

Sockolet or Thredolet (where allowed - 3000 lb

6 SC

Socket weld or screwed coupling (where allowed) - 6000 lb

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
21 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

Appendix III

Recommended Practices to Modify Small Bore Screwed Connections of Existing Vessels


1.

Preamble
Small bore screwed fittings on vessel package unit are susceptible to corrosion
which normally causes loss of metal in both the vessel shell and fittings. Unlike
piping systems the repair of these vessel's normally entail post weld heat treatment
and pressure testing of the whole unit which is difficult to implement in most cases.
To overcome such difficulties, this appendix could be used as a guide to prepare the
necessary scope of work for future modification works.

2.

Scope
This appendix recommends methods to resolve/modify whenever deemed
necessary the problems arising from small bore screwed fittings/connections on
existing pressure vessels, tanks, heat exchangers, coolers and other equipment
package units.

3.

Application
3.1

3.2

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

This appendix covers the following screwed connection cases:3.1.1

Plugged connection (Case No.1)

3.1.2

Process connection (Case No.2)

3.1.3

Instrument connection (Case No.3)

The course of action recommended for each of the above cases is illustrated
in the attached diagram.

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
22 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
23 OF 24

TO CONTENTS

APPENDIX IV
List of Reference Standards
The latest edition or revision of the following Codes and Standards shall to the extent specified
herein, represent a part of this Code of Practice:ADMA-OPCO
ADMA-OPCO STD 101
- APPROVAL OF WELDING PROCEDURE SPECIFICATIONS
ADMA-OPCO STD 108
- FLANGES 600 mm (24 inch) NPS AND SMALLER
ADMA-OPCO SP-1000
- MATERIALS FOR SOUR SERVICE
BSI
BS 919 PART 1
- GAUGES FOR SCREW THREADS OF UNIFIED FORM
BS 1706
- ELECTROPLATED COATINGS OF CADMIUM AND ZINC
ON IRON AND STEEL
BS 2910
- METHODS FOR RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION OF
FUSION WELDED CIRCUMFERENTIAL BUTT - JOINTS
IN STEEL PIPE.
BS 4882
- BOLTING FOR FLANGES AND PRESSURE CONTAINING
PURPOSES
API
API BULL 5A2
- BULLETIN ON THREAD COMPOUND
API SPEC 5B
- SPECIFICATION FOR THREADING GAUGING AND
THREAD INSPECTION
API SPEC 5L
- SPECIFICATION FOR LINE PIPE
API RP 14E
- DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF OFFSHORE
PRODUCTION PLATFORM PIPING SYSTEMS
ANSI/ASME
ANSI/ASME B16.9
- FACTORY MADE WROUGHT STEEL BUTT WELDING
FITTINGS
ANSI/ASME B16.11
- FORGED STEEL FITTINGS SOCKET-WELDING AND
THREADED
ANSI/ASME B31.3
- CHEMICAL PLANT & PETROLEUM REFINERY PIPING
ANSI/ASME Bl.20.1
- PIPE THREADS, GENERAL PURPOSE
ASTM
ASTM A 105
- FORGED CARBON STEEL FOR PIPE COMPONENTS
ASTM A 181
- FORGINGS, CARBON STEEL FOR GENERAL PURPOSE
PIPING
ASTM A 193
- ALLOY STEEL AND STAINLESS STEEL BOLTING
ASTM A 194
- CARBON AND ALLOY STEEL NUTS FOR ASTM A-193
BOLTS
ASTM A 234
- PIPE FITTINGS OF WROUGHT CARBON AND ALLOY
STEEL
NACE
NACE MR0175
- SULPHIDE STRESS CRACKING RESISTANT METALLIC
MATERIALS FOR OIL FIELD EQUIPMENT
1

6 - 91

Rev.

Date

GENERAL REVISION

Description / Text Affected

ADMA-OPCO

CP - 111

SHEET
24 OF 24