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User Manual

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS
with PSC 3 Controller

D0125273_055_00

Energy Systems
USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Table of contents
1

Safety Instructions
20001_04.pdf

System Description
31001_02.pdf

Rectifier DPR 1200B-48,


Rectifier FR 48 V 2000 W E
32015_02.pdf, 32001_04.pdf

Operating Manual PSC 3


OM_PSC3_V2-11en.pdf

Installation and Commissioning


40047_01.pdf

Maintenance Instructions
50001_04.pdf

Troubleshooting Instructions
60001_03.pdf

8
9
10

Wiring Diagrams, Final Test Report etc.


11 July 2008

Energy Systems
USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

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11 July 2008

Energy Systems
USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

D0125273_055_00

User Manual,
Power System DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

New manual.
Controlled by

Date
11.07.2008

Riitta Pivinen
Approved by

Date
11.07.2008

Tomi Kujansuu

1.2

System
The DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS is a compact medium power system for power
up to 14.4 kW or 16 kW. The stable construction is based on a sheet metal design.
The system contains a rectifier shelf for up to 12 rectifiers DPR 1200B-48 or 8
rectifiers FR 2000B-48 and distribution unit with configurable elements for AC-, DC
distribution, LVD, PLD and a power system controller. The power system can be
mounted on top of the battery cabinet or to the wall. The typical applications for this
power system are wireless base stations, core network components,
telecommunications and data networks. This compact, high power density power
system is the perfect choice for space-critical solutions.

1.3

User Manual
Please read first carefully the safety instructions before installing and commissioning
the system. The product description sections contain information and operating
instructions for the rectifiers and power system controller. In the installation and
commissioning section you will find step-by-step instructions for safe and correct
installation and commissioning of the system. The maintenance section contains
information about maintaining the high performance and reliability of the system. In
case of a fault in the system, please refer first to the troubleshooting section of this
user manual.

1.4

Contact Information
For additional information or questions please contact your local Delta Energy
Systems representative. For contact and newest product information please check
our website at www.deltaenergysystems.com.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
USER MANUAL

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

11 July 2008

Energy Systems

Safety Instructions
Power Supply Systems

20001_04
Issue 6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL ......................................................................................7


2.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

Symbols used in the text ...................................................................................7

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS .............................................................................................8


3.1

General instructions...........................................................................................8

3.2

Special Instructions ...........................................................................................9

3.3

For equipment with power system controller ...................................................10

3.4

For equipment with inverter / intalarm .............................................................10

6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

20001_04

Safety Instructions for Power Supply Systems

Previous version

Description of changes

20001_03

Amendments to the content.


Controlled by

Date
06.09.2007

Riitta Pivinen
Approved by

Date
06.09.2007

Tomi Kujansuu

6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL


This documentation is intended to assist the user in working with the equipment, in
using it effectively and in correctly assessing and correcting possible faults. It is a
good idea to gain a general idea of the arrangement of this manual before using the
equipment for the first time.
The users manuals for all Delta Energy Systems products are identical in structure
and reflect the modular nature of the products. The main sections in the
documentation cover the major system components or major applications. Each
section is divided into a sub-section containing general information on the
component and a user-specific sub-section. The user-specific sub-section describes
the special connection variations or configuration of your equipment.

2.1

Symbols used in the text


As far as possible, the symbols used in this manual correspond to those used on the
power supply equipment or in the software. Where this was not possible, the following
additional symbols are used in the documentation:
!! WARNING !!

Ignoring a WARNING instruction may contravene safety


regulations and may result in destruction of a system
component or loss of data.

F NOTE

Errors in system configuration may be caused by ignoring


this instruction.

<KEY>

Represents a key on a system component (e.g. <ENTER> =


the ENTER key of the controller).

Message

Indication of a message on the display, e. g. installed).

x, n, nm

Representative, variable.

Symbols valid for one component only are described in the appropriated chapter.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Warning! Please read the following instructions carefully. Ignoring these
instructions may result in a loss of life or a health hazard for users
working with the equipment and/or in damage to the equipment itself.
These safety instructions are an extension of any national laws
governing health and safety at work and the applicable EN, DIN, SEV,
VDE and IEC standards and any regulations of the statutory authorities.
The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any danger or damage
resulting from incorrect operation or usage of the equipment, failure to
observe the instructions in the user's documentation and/or failure to
observe the safety instructions.

3.1

General instructions

Operation of and work on the equipment or parts thereof may only be


performed by professional persons (qualified technicians) with appropriate
experience who have been specially trained by the manufacturer/distributor
(= authorized persons).

The weight of the components (specified on the front of the unit) requires that
physically able-bodied persons be employed for installing / assembling the
equipment or parts thereof.

If work on the equipment or parts thereof is necessary with the equipment


under present voltage, another qualified technician or a supervisor must be
present in addition to the electrician performing the work. The supervisor
should be capable of providing first aid in case of electrical hazard. Providing
the electrician with an emergency switch or disconnection strap, so-called
"dead man's switch", is not sufficient protection.

Work on the equipment may only be carried out using insulated tools and
appropriate protective clothing (shoes, gloves, safety spectacles, etc.).

There is an increased risk of an accident and electrical hazard when working


on compact equipment (different components mounted in a single cabinet,
e.g. rectifier/inverter modules, DC distribution and battery connection), due to
the close proximity of the various different components. Work should
therefore be carried out with extra attention to safety, and appropriate
insulating covers over the live electrical parts must be provided for protection
against accidental contact.

If the power supply equipment is not fitted with a disconnecting switch or


equivalent device unit, for isolating it from the AC mains or any other
hazardous voltage source, the operator of the power supply equipment is
responsible for fitting the mains distribution board, battery system or other
supplying equipment with appropriate disconnection switch conforming to the
relevant regulations.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

3.2

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

The input filters of the rectifier/inverter modules are not protected with input
fuses. The operator is responsible for ensuring adequate protection for the
equipment and wiring by means of an input fuse, if any rectifier/inverter
module is used external to equipment supplied by the
manufacturer/distributor and if the manufacturer/distributor is not allowed
install fusing or a main distribution board.

Removing or inserting components from or into the equipment may result in


changes to the performance of the equipment. The operator is therefore
responsible for the consequences of any change in the hardware
configuration that are made without an agreement with the manufacturer or
his local representative.

The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that personnel


concerned with the equipment (authorized persons) are provided with safety
training when the equipment is installed or when starting their employment
and at regular 6-monthly intervals thereafter.

The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the rooms in
which the equipment and batteries are set up are treated as electrical
equipment rooms, which are only accessible to qualified personnel
(authorized persons).

The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the equipment
is installed in suitable rooms, if necessary with air-conditioning. If forced
cooling (fan ventilation) is used, there must be adequate airflow in the room,
as well as heating/cooling.

The units or individual parts of the equipment may only be opened by


qualified employees (authorized persons) of the equipment operator, who
have attended a special repair training course held by the manufacturer or
his local representative.

The operator of the equipment is responsible for ensuring that the rectifier/
inverter / distributor rack is securely locked and not accessible to
unauthorized persons.

Installation and dismantling of the equipment or parts thereof, as well as the


laying of the connection cables may only be carried out by persons trained by
the manufacturer/distributor (authorized persons).

The installation instructions and specifications in this user manual are a part
of these safety instructions. The order of installation and the specified limit
values must be adhered to in order to guarantee that the equipment is
correctly installed and operated.

Special Instructions

Localized areas of high temperature (> 70 C) may occur within the


rectifier/inverter/distributor rack. Adequate precautions against accidental
burns must be taken.

Fuses should only be gripped using the tools provided for this purpose (Loadbreak switch handles, etc.)

Ensure adequate insulation from ground potential (earth) when working on


the equipment or changing fuses.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

3.3

3.4

The DC bussing of the power system (inverter/rectifier/converter) can be


grounded either from positive system bus or a negative system bus, and
operator is responsible to ensure and secure the correct polarity of the
system while installing, operating and/or maintaining the equipment.

The power system may have dual energy supply by means of primary and
secondary energy sources, and operator is responsible to secure the proper
precautions by separating or disconnecting the sources for maintenance or
service purposes.

Dangerous voltages may be present on the power connector or plug pins of


the rectifiers/inverters for up to 10 seconds after unplugging the
rectifier/inverter modules from the mains or switching off the mains voltage.
This also applies to other parts of the equipment. Adequate precautions
against electrical accident must be taken.

Some of the potentiometers for adjusting equipment components are


mounted under the unit covers and can only be accessed through the
ventilation slots of these components. Take care when making adjustments,
and use appropriate tools (e.g. an insulated screwdriver for trimming),
otherwise sensitive components may be damaged.

Only suitable measuring devices (e.g. high-impedance multimeter) may be


connected to the voltage and current measurement sockets.

Incorrect operation of the equipment or parts thereof may alter the operating
state of the system, trigger false alarms or discharge the batteries connected
to the system. Ensure that the settings conform to the specifications, the
system configuration and the limit values that you require.

Make sure that all voltage values are set correctly. Incorrect voltage settings
may lead to an increase in the battery voltage and the consequent damage to
batteries or even danger of explosion.

Ensure that the alarm limit values (trigger thresholds) are set correctly.
Incorrect settings may trigger false alarms and cause the rectifier/inverter
modules to switch off.

All temporary manipulations of the equipment or parts thereof that are carried
out (e.g. for test purposes) must be reset manually. Automatic reset facilities
are not provided.

For equipment with power system controller

The code required for operating the controller may only be revealed to
experienced persons trained by the manufacturer or his local representative
(authorised persons).

Before removing the controller from an equipment which is operating, the power
supply to the controller must first be switched off and then all plugs
disconnected.

For equipment with inverter / intalarm

10

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

The interface boards for the Inverter and Intalarm must not be fitted or removed
when the unit is under power. Before fitting or removing, the inverters, the DC
supply and the mains must be switched off.

6 September 2007

Energy Systems

System Description
DC Power Supply Systems

31001_02
Issue 13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ...............................................................................................7


2.1

Operating modes ...............................................................................................8

13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

31001_02

DC Power Supply System Description

Previous version

Description of changes

31001_01

Layout updated.
Controlled by

Date
13.08.2003

Markku Havukainen
Approved by

Date
13.08.2003

Petteri Turkki

13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The Delta power systems are designed to efficiently supply uninterruptible DCvoltage to modern telecommunications equipment. The systems are constructed
using steel profile based cabinets and switched-mode rectifiers of state-of-the-art
and development of Delta Energy Systems. The systems are designed to fulfil the
high reliability requirements of telecom environment.
The schematic structure of the power systems is presented in Figure 1. The power
system comprises switched-mode rectifiers having one or three phase input line
connection, terminals for batteries, low voltage disconnections, load terminals with
automatic circuit breakers or HRC fuses as well as a control, monitor and alarm unit
for automatic operation of the system.
Modem

Power System Controller

Remote
user
Local
user

Relay

DC load
Telecom
Equipment

option

Mains

option

AC load

AC distribution

1 .. n
Rectifiers

1 ... n
Batteries

Converters /
Inverters

Load
distribution
P0001

Figure 1.

The schematic structure of the Delta power system.

The modularity and extendibility of these power systems makes them ideal for all
telecommunications applications, especially for the systems whose initial capacity is
far from the final size. The extension can be made in phase with the real need
simply by adding new system modules and battery cabinets.

13 August 2003

Energy Systems
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

2.1

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Operating modes
In normal operation mode the rectifiers deliver the load power taken by the telecom
system and simultaneously maintain the batteries at full charge.
During a line power outage or an excessive line-undervoltage, the rectifiers are shut
down and the batteries deliver the load power.
If the battery voltage decreases below the preset level, the optional deep discharge
prevention circuitry disconnects the battery automatically. As the line power is
restored to a proper level, the rectifiers start up automatically and begin to deliver
the load power and recharge the batteries at current limiting mode.
The batteries are important components in a telecom power system. The control and
monitoring unit is designed to ensure long battery life and effective recharging of the
batteries. Automatic boost charge is based on battery current.
The system level control and monitoring functions include local and remote alarms
and local controls of the system. The local alarms are shown by alarm LEDs.
Remote alarms are issued by means of potential free relay contacts.
The operation of the control and monitoring unit is presented in the product
description of the controller.

13 August 2003

Energy Systems

Product Description
Rectifier DPR 1200B-48

32015_02.doc
Issue 21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

GENERAL......................................................................................................................7
2.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

Safety ................................................................................................................7

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................8


3.1

Input voltage range............................................................................................8

3.2

Output characteristic..........................................................................................9

3.3

Output voltage ...................................................................................................9

3.4

Output current....................................................................................................9

3.5

Cooling ..............................................................................................................9

3.6

Overvoltage protection OVP ..............................................................................9

3.7

Thermal management .....................................................................................10

3.8

Load sharing....................................................................................................10

3.9

Configuration ...................................................................................................10

FRONT ELEMENTS ....................................................................................................11


4.1

Rectifier status indications ...............................................................................11

4.2

Push button Config ......................................................................................12

4.3

Rectifier fixation ...............................................................................................12

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................13

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

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21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

32015_02.doc / V
1.2

Product Description, Rectifier DPR 1200B-48

Previous version

Description of changes

1.1

Section 3.9: Function of Config button modified.

1.0

Section 4.1 Rectifier status indications updated.


Controlled by

Date
21.07.2005

Markku Havukainen
Approved by

Date

Matthias Bucher

21.07.2005

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

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21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

GENERAL
The rectifier DPR 1200B-48 is a single phase, hot-pluggable, fan-cooled rectifier.
The constant output power characteristic supplies the specified power over the full
output voltage range. The benefit is an optimised modular system design (fewer
modules) that matches the supply requirements of state-of-the-art telecom
equipment. This performance as well as the extended temperature range, wide input
voltage range, high power density and advanced technology are the key factors for
the success of this rectifier, offering a cost effective and reliable solution.
The typical applications for this rectifier are both in indoor and outdoor
environments, which is a perfect solution for wireless base stations, core network
components, telecommunications networks and data networks.
The rectifier meets the requirements set by the telecommunications standards.
The rectifier DPR 1200B-48 does not contain any user serviceable parts inside the
unit and a faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit. The
installation description must be strictly adhered to.

2.1

Safety
The rectifier meets the safety standards:

EN 60 950 (2000-06) - class 1

UL 60950 rev 3 (Dec1, 2000)

CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-00

No user serviceable parts are inside the unit. A faulty rectifier module should be
replaced as a complete unit. The installation description must be strictly adhered to.
The rectifier contains the following internal protection circuit breaker and fuses:
AC input fuses
F200 / F201 - 10AT
LITTELFUSE INC. P/N 215010
BEL P/N 5HTP10
The protecting AC fuses are connected in L and N.
DC output fuse
F500 - 40A
PUDENZ (WICKMANN GROUP) P/N 142.6185.5402
The protecting DC fuse is connected in pole.
These fuses are not accessible and should only be replaced in a Delta repair centre.
Warning! Use always blank panels for empty rectifier slots to avoid user access to
the electrical parts on the backplane.

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The rectifier contains two stages of high frequency power converter:
The power factor corrector (PFC) has a boost topology with a switching frequency of
120 kHz. It is responsible for the power factor and harmonic content of the input
current. The DC-DC converter has a phase shifted full bridge topology with a
switching frequency of 140 kHz. It is responsible for galvanic isolation and power
conversion to the DC output. The control and interface circuit controls and protects
the rectifier during all operation conditions appearing in a power system. The EMC
filters guarantee the required standards.
Inrush
current
limiter

ACinput

EMC
input
filter

Power factor
corrector
PFC

Energy
storage

DC-DC
converter

Auxiliary supply

Control and interface

EMC
output
filter

DCoutput

Secondary
auxiliary

Primary
auxiliary
Galvanic separation

System bus

Figure 1.

3.1

Block diagram.

Input voltage range


If the input voltage exceeds the limits of the input voltage range the rectifier is shut
off. The rectifier will restart automatically as soon as the input voltage returns into
the specified input voltage range. At low input voltages, an output power derating is
enabled to limit the input current to acceptable values.
For AC mains voltage in the range of 276V to 300V, the power factor corrector
(PFC) stage is self protecting and the input current shape is not sinusoidal.
Pout / W
1200

700
500

85

90 120

184

230

276

300

Vin / Vrms

Warning! Do not operate the device without a transient protection.

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Warning! Ensure in the installation that the Neutral will never be disconnected
before the supplying AC lines.
Warning! Ensure in the installation that the supplying AC lines will be never
connected before the Neutral.

3.2

Output characteristic
The rectifier has a constant output power characteristic to meet the demand of
optimal use of the power supply to electronic constant power loads. The result is a
constant recharging current to the battery after a mains outage, and a better use of
rectifier efficiency.
Uout [V]
58
53.5
43
42

1200 W
control range

20.7 22.4

Figure 2.

3.3

28

Iout [A]

The output characteristic.

Output voltage
The factory setting is defined for flooded battery types: 53.5 V. If a controller with
voltage programming function is used, it can remotely adjust the rectifier output
voltage to different values via analogue signal interface or digital interface.

3.4

Output current
The factory setting for the output current limit is 28 ADC.

3.5

Cooling
The device is fan cooled.
Warning! The air flow must not be restricted!
Warning! Apply always blank panels for empty rectifier slots to avoid wrong air
circulation inside the system!

3.6

Overvoltage protection OVP


The rectifier is equipped with a selective over voltage protection, that shuts down the
rectifier in case of output voltage exceeding an internally set limit. The protection is
combined with a current measuring condition to achieve selectivity between parallel
rectifiers; only the guilty rectifier will be shut down. The factory setting is 59 V.
Reset of OVP shut down can be done by disconnecting the mains supply voltage for
approx. 2 seconds.

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.7

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Thermal management
The rectifier is protected in case of abnormal environment conditions, interrupted air
flow and fan failure. Therefore two thermal sensors are integrated:
Sensor

Monitoring

Function

Reference sensor

Combination of heat sink /


fresh air temperature

Controls the over temperature protection


(OTP) characteristic.

Protection sensor

Main transformer
temperature

Detects interrupted air flow


and fan failure.

The thermal management (reference sensor) reduces the output current in order to
limit internal temperature according the characteristic below:
Current limit
Rectifier
restart

28 A
22.4 A

1200W

OTP shuts down


~ 600W

60 C

Figure 3.

65 C

70 C

75 C

Ambient
temperature

Thermal management of the rectifier.

The thermal management (protection sensor) protects the rectifier against


interrupted air flow and fan failure. During these conditions, the rectifier is shut down
as soon as the internal temperature reaches a critical value. After several
unsuccessful restart attempts the rectifier remains shut down and generates an
alarm.

3.8

Load sharing
The rectifier is equipped with an active load sharing function that ensures equal load
on parallel rectifiers. The function uses the signal interface bus between rectifiers.
This function does not require any other external unit outside rectifiers.

3.9

Configuration
In systems without controller or with PSC 1 / PSC 1000 the rectifier operates with
the factory-set standard configuration; in systems with PSC 3 controller the
configuration is automatically done upon inserting the rectifier module.
The push button Config has following function:

10

To reset configuration to default factory settings. Press button until LED Com
starts blinking (10 sec. approx.)

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

FRONT ELEMENTS
Rectifier fixation clip
LED bar output current

Rectifier status LED


Locked

Figure 4.

4.1

Unlocked

Config push button

Unlocked

Locked

Front panel of DPR 1200B-48 rectifier.

Rectifier status indications


LED ok turns off and an alarm is given if:

Input connection is missing

OVP / OTP shutdown procedure is activated or a fan failure is detected.


The details are indicated by the means of a flashing LED in the LED bar.

The output fuse is blown

The rectifier is faulty.

SW download with the PSC 3

LED ok blinks (200ms on / 200ms off) and an alarm is given if:

Load sharing is not working correctly

The rectifier is faulty due to regulation failure

LED ok flashes (20ms on / 1000ms off) and an alarm is given if:

Input voltage is out of range, but auxiliary supply is still working

Rectifier not enabled

Rectifier off, controlled by the PSC 3

LED Com is lit if the device communicates with the PSC 3 controller via IMBUS.
LED Com turns off if:

No PSC 3 communication with the rectifier

Error in IMBUS cabling or wrong bus termination

LED Com blinks if:

At start up of the rectifier, during configuration process of the interface

21 July 2005

11

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

Reset to default rectifier settings (see sec. 4.2 )

LED bar blinks if:

LED 6 blinks: Fan failure


LED 4 blinks: OTP error
LED 2 blinks: Checksum error
LED 1 blinks: OVP error

Figure 5.

4.2

Rectifier LED bar blinking.

Push button Config


The push button Config has the following function:

4.3

To reset the rectifier configuration to default factory settings. Press button until
LED Com starts blinking (10 sec. approx.)

Rectifier fixation
The rectifier can be fixed in a shelf by moving the clip into outside (locked) position.
To unlock the rectifier in a shelf, the clip must be moved into inside position.

12

21 July 2005

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

General
Efficiency
Losses, max.
Safety

91 %
135 W
EN 60 950, class I
UL 60 950
CAN / CSA C22.2
EN 55 022, class B
EN 300 386-2
Fan cooled
1100 W / l, 18 W / in3
48dB(A)

EMI, radiated
Compliant with
Cooling
Power density
Acoustic noise

Input
Voltage range
88 ... 300 Vrms
Volt. range, red. power 88 ... 184 Vrms
Volt. range, no PFC
276 300 Vrms
Inrush current
10.6 Apeak
Current maximum
7.5 Arms
Line current
Meets IEC 1000-3-2
Harmonic distort. THD < 5 %
Power factor
~ 1.0
EMI, conducted
EN 55 022, class B
Mains connector
Rear side
Input protection
Internal fuse 2 x 10 A
Input switch
None
Output
Voltage, nominal
53.5 Vdc
Voltage adjust range 42 ... 58 Vdc
Voltage error, static
250 mVdc
Overvoltage protection 59 V 1 V
Ripple + spikes
100 mVp-p
Psophometric noise
1.0 mVrms (weighted)
EMI, conducted
EN 55 022, class A
Current limit, nominal 28 Adc
Limit adjustment range 0 ... 28 Adc
Load sharing
< 2 Adc
Power limit
1200 W, fixed
Output connector
Rear side
Output protection
Internal fuse 40 A

User interface
Output current display LED bar
Status indication
LED ok
LED OVP*
LED Overtemp*
LED Fan failure*
* Status indication integrated in the LED bar
Power system controller
PSC 1000
Voltage programming
Rectifier fail alarm
PSC 3
Voltage programming
Curr. limit progr.
Power limit progr.
Rectifier fail alarm
Rectifier start up
Rectifier on/off
Mechanics
Width, overall
Height, overall
Depth, overall
Weight

40.8 mm (1U)
132 mm (3U)
232.5 mm
1.25 kg

Environment
Ambient temperature -25 ... + 75 C
Reduced power
65 ... + 75 C
Relative humidity
95 % max, non cond.
Accessories
Single backplane
Triple backplane
Blank panel

P/N: D0106218
P/N: D0112006
P/N: D0112127

Output characteristic:
Uout [V]
58
53.5
43
42

1200 W
control range

20.7 22.4

28

Iout [A]

21 July 2005

13

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

14

RECTIFIER DPR 1200B-48

21 July 2005

Energy Systems

Product Description
Rectifier FR 48 V 2000 W E

32001_04
Issue 3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

GENERAL......................................................................................................................7
2.1

Safety ................................................................................................................8

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................9


3.1

Input voltage range............................................................................................9

3.2

Inrush current limitation .....................................................................................9

3.3

Output characteristic..........................................................................................9

3.4

Output voltage .................................................................................................10

3.5

Output current..................................................................................................10

3.6

Cooling ............................................................................................................10

3.7

Overvoltage protection OVP ............................................................................10

3.8

Thermal management .....................................................................................11

3.9

Load sharing....................................................................................................11

3.10

Rectifier enable................................................................................................11

3.11

Precharge ........................................................................................................11

FRONT ELEMENTS ....................................................................................................12


4.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

Rectifier status indications ...............................................................................12

BACK PLANE..............................................................................................................13
5.1

Electrical connections ......................................................................................13

MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS .....................................................................................14

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................15

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

This page is intentionally left blank.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

32001_04

Rectifier FR 48 V - 2000 W E, Product Description

Previous version

Description of changes

32001_03

Front cover updated.


Controlled by

Date
03.02.2004

Markku Havukainen
Approved by

Date
03.02.2004

Petteri Turkki

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

This page is intentionally left blank.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

GENERAL
The rectifier FR 48 V - 2000 W - E is a single phase, hot-pluggable and fan-cooled
rectifier. The constant output power characteristic supplies the specified power over
the full output voltage range. The benefit is an optimized modular system design
(fewer modules) and matches the supply requirements for state-of-the-art telecom
equipment. This performance as well as the extended temperature range, wide input
voltage range, high power density and advanced technology are the key factors of
the success of this rectifier and it offers a cost effective and reliable solution.
The typical applications for this rectifier are both in indoor and outdoor
environments, which is a perfect solution for wireless base stations, core network
components, telecommunications networks and data networks.
The rectifier meets the requirements set by the telecommunications standards.
The rectifier contains two stages of high frequency power converter (Figure 1.):

The power factor corrector (PFC) has a boost topology with a switching
frequency of 90 kHz. It is responsible for the power factor and harmonic
content of the input current.

The DC-DC converter has a phase shifted full bridge topology with a
switching frequency of 100 kHz. It is responsible for galvanic isolation and
power conversion to the DC output.

The control and interface circuit controls and protects the rectifier during all
operation conditions appearing in a power system. The EMC filters guarantee the
required standards.

ACinput

EMC
input
filter

Inrush
current
limiter

Power factor
corrector
PFC

Control and interface

Energy
storage

DC-DC
converter

EMC
output
filter

Auxiliary supply

DCoutput

Secondary
auxiliary

Primary
auxiliary
Galvanic separation

System bus

P0002

Figure 1.

Block Diagram describing the functionality of a rectifier.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

2.1

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Safety
The rectifier meets the safety standards:

EN 60 950 (2000-06) - class 1

UL 60950 rev 3 (Dec1, 2000)

CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-00

There are no user serviceable parts except the fan inside the unit. A faulty rectifier
module should be replaced as a complete unit. The installation description must be
strictly adhered to.
The rectifier contains the following internal protection fuses:

AC input fuses, F200 / F201, 15A fast, LITTELFUSE INC. P/N 324015

The protecting AC fuses are connected in L and N.

DC output fuse, F500, 50A (FK3), PUDENZ (WICKMANN GROUP)

The protecting DC fuse is connected in pole.

These fuses are not accessible and should only be replaced in the Delta Energy
Systems repair centre.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

3.1

Input voltage range


If the input voltage exceeds the limits of the input voltage range the rectifier is shut
off. The rectifier will restart up automatically as soon as the input voltage returns into
the specified input voltage range. At low input voltages, an output power derating is
enabled to limit the input current to acceptable values.
full power

Pout / W
reduced power

2000
60C
power
derating

75C
power
derating

800
650

Vin / Vrms
80 88 90

184 230

275

280

P0003

Figure 2.

3.2

Input voltage range

Inrush current limitation


When the rectifier is first connected to the mains, the energy storage capacitors are
charged via resistors. As soon as a certain voltage limit is reached, these resistors
are short-circuited and the rectifier starts up and delivers output power.

3.3

Output characteristic
The rectifier has a constant output power characteristic to meet the demand of
optimal use of the power supply to electronic constant power loads. The result is a
constant recharging current to the battery after a mains outage, and a better use of
rectifier efficiency.

Uout [V]
58
53.5
43
42

2000 W
control range

34.5 37.4

Figure 3.

46.5

Iout [A]
P0004

Output characteristic

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.4

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Output voltage
The factory setting is defined for flooded battery types: 53.5 V. If a controller with
voltage programming function is used, it can remotely adjust the rectifier output
voltage to different values via analogue signal interface.

3.5

Output current
The factory setting for the output current limit is 46.5 ADC.

3.6

Cooling
The device is fan cooled.
Note!

The airflow must not be restricted!

Shadowed area:
air outlet on the rear

Figure 4.

3.7

Air flow
P0005

Fan cooling of the rectifier.

Overvoltage protection OVP


The rectifier is equipped with a selective over voltage protection (OVP), which shuts
down the rectifier in case of output voltage exceeding an internally set limit. The
protection is combined with a current measuring condition to achieve selectivity
between parallel rectifiers; only the guilty rectifier will be shut down. The factory
setting is 59 V. Reset of OVP shut down can be done by disconnecting the mains
supply voltage for a few seconds.

10

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

3.8

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Thermal management
The rectifier is protected, with two integrated thermal sensors, in case of abnormal
environment conditions, interrupted air flow and fan failure (Table 1.).
Sensor

Monitoring

Function

Reference sensor

Combination of heat
sink / fresh air
temperature

Controls the overtemperature protection


(OTP) characteristic.

Protection sensor

Main transformer
temperature

Detects interrupted air flow


and fan failure.

Table 1.

Thermal sensors.

The thermal management (reference sensor) reduces the output current in order to
limit internal temperature according the characteristic in Figure 5 below.
Current limit

Rectifier
restart

46.5 A
37.4 A

OTP shuts down


>1300W
Ambient temperature
50C

Figure 5.

60C 65C

75C

P0006

Reducing the output current in order to limit internal temperature.

The thermal management (protection sensor) protects the rectifier against


interrupted air flow and fan failure. During these conditions, the rectifier is shut down
as soon as the internal temperature reaches a critical value. After several
unsuccessful restart attempts the rectifier remains shut down and generates an
alarm.

3.9

Load sharing
The rectifier is equipped with an active load sharing function that ensures equal load
on parallel rectifiers. The function uses the signal interface bus between rectifiers.
This function does not need any other external unit outside rectifiers.

3.10

Rectifier enable
The rectifier is disabled / enabled by external connection:
Disable: Pins D12 A12 not connected
Enable:
Pins D12 A12 connected

3.11

Precharge
The rectifier module is hot-pluggable. Pushing the rectifier into the cabinet connects
leading precharge contacts first to precharge the DC output capacitors. The
remaining output power contacts are connected with a delay.

3 February 2004

11

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

FRONT ELEMENTS

100 %
Iout
ok

Output current LED bar

10 %

Rectifier status indication

FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Hole for fixing screw


P0007

Figure 6.

4.1

The rectifier from front.

Rectifier status indications


LED ok turns off and an alarm is given if:

12

Input connection is missing

Mains voltage is outside the specified range

OVP / OTP shutdown procedure is activated or a fan failure is detected

OVP: The lowest orange LED is short flashing


OTP: The middle orange LED is short flashing
Fan failure: The top orange LED is short flashing
Load sharing not working correctly

The output fuse is blown

The rectifier is faulty

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

BACK PLANE

5.1

Electrical connections
Combined connector is located on the backside (FCI Power Header R/A 51783002). The system bus is daisy-chained, with one-to-one connection, from rectifier to
rectifier and to the controller (if such is used in the system).

P0008

P1:

PE

AC mains, PE terminal

P2:

AC mains, L terminal

P3:

AC mains, N terminal

A10:

NC

Reserved for other applications

B10:

VPGM

PSC 1000: output voltage programming

C10:

LS_BUS

Load sharing bus, refer to sec. 3.9 Load sharing

D10:

GND_SYS

Reference ground for PSC 1000 and load sharing

A11:

NC

B11:

NC

C11:

NC

D11:

RFA

PSC 1000: rectifier failure

A12:

GND_SIG

Reference ground for D12

B12:

NC

Reserved for other applications

C12:

NC

Reserved for other applications

D12:

OFF

Rectifier enable, reference ground A12, refer to sec.


3.10 Rectifier Enable.

P4:

VOUT-

DC output

P5:

VOUT-

DC output

P6:

OUTP

Precharge for output capacitor, refer to sec. 3.11


Precharge

P7:

VOUT+

DC output

P8:

VOUT+

DC output

Table 2.

Signals on rectifier connector.

Warning! Operate the device only with connected PE.

3 February 2004

13

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS

P0009

Figure 7.

14

Mechanical design of the rectifier FR 48 V 2000 W E.

3 February 2004

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

General
Efficiency
Losses, max.
Safety

91 %
200 W
EN 60 950, class I
UL 60 950
CAN / CSA C22.2
EN 55 022, class B
EN 300 386-2
Fan cooled
500 W / l, 8.2 W / in3

EMI, radiated
Compliant with
Cooling
Power density

Input
Voltage range
88...276 Vrms
Volt. range, red. power 88...184 Vrms
Inrush current
< 15 Apeak
Current maximum
12 Arms
Line current
Meets IEC 1000-3-2
Harmonic distort. THD < 5 %
EMI, conducted
EN 55 022, class B
Mains connector
Rear side
Input protection
Internal fuse 2 x 15 A
Input switch
None
Output
Voltage, nominal
53.5 Vdc
Voltage adjust range 42...58 Vdc
Voltage error, static
250 mVdc
Overvoltage protection 59 V 1 V
Ripple + spikes
200 mVp-p
Psophometric noise
1.0 mVrms
(weighted)
EMI, conducted
EN 55 022, class A
Current limit, nominal 46.5 Adc
Limit adjustment range 0...46.5 Adc
Load sharing
< 3 Adc
Power limit
2000 W, fixed
Output connector
Rear side
Output protection
Internal fuse 50 A

User interface
Output current display LED bar
Status indication
LED ok
Power system controller
PSC 1000
Voltage programming
Rectifier fail alarm
Mechanics
Width, overall
Depth, overall
Height, body
Height, front panel
Weight

65 mm
346 mm
200 mm
212 mm
4.4 kg

Environment
Ambient temperature -25...+ 70 C
Reduced power
60...+ 70 C
Relative humidity
95 % max, non cond.
Accessories
Single back plane

P/N: D0100298

Subject to change due to technical progress.

Output characteristic:
Uout [V]
58
53.5
43
42

2000 W
control range

34.5 37.4

46.5

Iout [A]
P0004

3 February 2004

15

Energy Systems
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

16

RECTIFIER FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

3 February 2004

Energy Systems

Operating Manual
Controller PSC 3
Software Version 2.11

OM_PSC3_V2-11_EN.DOC
Issue 20 June 2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................4


1.1

Version Control..................................................................................................4

GENERAL .....................................................................................................................5

2.1

This Manual.......................................................................................................5

2.2

Structure............................................................................................................5

2.3

Introduction .......................................................................................................6

2.4

Overview of Features and System Configuration ..............................................7

2.5

Interface description ..........................................................................................8

UIM1 / UIL1 MENU ........................................................................................................9


3.1

Menu structure ..................................................................................................9

WEB GUI MENU..........................................................................................................24

COMMUNICATION SETTINGS ...................................................................................26

5.1

Local Communication Settings........................................................................26

5.2

Remote Settings..............................................................................................38

BATTERY ....................................................................................................................43

6.1

Charging..........................................................................................................43

6.2

Battery Test .....................................................................................................51

6.3

Supervision .....................................................................................................53

6.4

Low Voltage Disconnection (LVD) ...................................................................62

6.5

Partial Load Disconnection (PLD) ...................................................................65

RECTIFIERS ...............................................................................................................69

7.1

Rectifier Overview ...........................................................................................69

7.2

Rectifier Parameters........................................................................................71

7.3

Rectifier Alarming ............................................................................................73

7.4

Rectifier Setup.................................................................................................75

7.5

Rectifier Efficiency Mode and Cycling .............................................................78

7.6

Power Limitation by Event...............................................................................80

7.7

Recharge Power Supervision..........................................................................81

7.8

Redundancy Supervision ................................................................................82

7.9

Rectifier AC Measurement ..............................................................................82

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

7.10
8

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Positioning.........................................................................................83

ALARMS......................................................................................................................87
8.1

Measurements.................................................................................................88

8.2

Event Definitions..............................................................................................90

8.3

Event Processing.............................................................................................92

8.4

Alarm Setup.....................................................................................................94

8.5

I/O (Relays, LEDs and other Indicators) ..........................................................96

8.6

Internal Events and Alarms..............................................................................98

8.7

Alarm Tracing ..................................................................................................99

8.8

Alarm Maintenance........................................................................................101

AC MEASUREMENTS...............................................................................................103
9.1

Selecting the AC Measurement Type ............................................................103

9.2

External AC Measurement.............................................................................104

9.3

Internal AC Measurement ..............................................................................107

10 LOG ...........................................................................................................................109
10.1

Log Setup ......................................................................................................109

10.2

Checking the Log...........................................................................................110

10.3

System Logs.................................................................................................. 111

11 USER AND SESSION MANAGEMENT.....................................................................114


11.1

User Management .........................................................................................114

11.2

Session Management....................................................................................118

12 MAINTENANCE.........................................................................................................120
12.1

Alarm Maintenance........................................................................................120

12.2

LVD Maintenance ..........................................................................................120

12.3

Maintenance RS Latch ..................................................................................121

12.4

HW Status......................................................................................................123

13 SOFTWARE...............................................................................................................125
13.1

Software Version Upgrade and Downgrade...................................................125

13.2

Setup Upload and Download .........................................................................127

13.3

Language File Upload ...................................................................................129

13.4

Software License Key ....................................................................................131

14 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................132

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version Control

Document number

Document description

OM_PSC3_V211_EN.DOC

Operating Manual,
Controller PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

1.1

Modifications according SW Versions


1.80 / 2.00 / 2.01 / 2.11

1.0

New document (SW Version 1.7)


Controlled by

Date

Matthias Bucher

20.06.2008

Approved by

Date

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

GENERAL

2.1

This Manual

CONTROLLER PSC 3

This manual is created to instruct in the optimal use of the PSC 3 controller. The
document is structured according to functions and answers to question How to?

2.2

Structure
PSC 3 offers two operating interface types for the user; the web interface (web
browser) and UIM interface. The UIM is located at the system and offers a quick
access to basic settings and displays. The web interface is a complete configuration
and supervision tool for the PSC 3. It requires cable between the PSC 3 module and
a terminal (computer with a browser) either directly at the system or via network.
This manual describes the essential PSC 3 functions and instructs how to enable
and use them. The instructions are written for both user interface types under
separate headings: UIM Interface and WEB Interface.

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

2.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Introduction
The PSC 3 is a sophisticated power system controller and therefore an optimum
solution for small to very large and complex power systems. It consists of a central
unit, which provides basic I/O periphery, and of a very robust and reliable CAN
standard based communication bus (IMBUS), providing easy expansion.
The front end modules are located close to the elements to be monitored. The
benefit is an easy wiring, which is perfect for expandable power systems with
decentralized distributions (BDFB) and batteries in separate rooms. The integrated
PLC offers the flexibility for monitoring and control of auxiliary devices, later
functions upgrade and system capacity expansions.
The enhanced system functions support the reduction of operating costs. The
battery management with regularly accomplished capacity tests is one of the key
factors for the availability of a power system. The PSC 3 allows remote alarming by
means of potential-free relay contacts or via modem or LAN / Ethernet. The SNMP
functionality offers enhanced remote alarming and is designed to work with SNMP
managers. An integrated web server offers a user friendly interface for detailed
monitoring and control with a standard web browser.
PSC 3 is a small device but can handle a large amount of peripherals. The
appropriated functions are activated by configurable software and hardware addon's. The following figure shows the PSC 3 system concept:

Figure 1.

The modular PSC 3 system concept

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

2.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Overview of Features and System Configuration


Key features of a PSC 3 system:

Modular concept: PSC 3 can be customized for both small and large systems

Flexible setup of battery / load strings, alarms, trigger levels, limits etc.

Selectable menu language for local and web user interface

IMBUS interface using high immunity CAN bus technology

Remote software update of system components

AC mains voltage measuring without external equipment

The PSC 3 controller (without peripheral I/O) offers the following features:

Local system monitoring and basic setup with display, keypad and 5 alarm LEDs

1 LAN (Ethernet) interface to PC or LAN

2 RECTS interfaces (1 CAN, teljack 6-pol / 1 flat cable 6-pol)

2 IMBUS interfaces (CAN, teljack 8-pol)

6 digital relay outputs (changeover contacts, pluggable clamp connection)

4 digital open collector outputs (1 teljack 4-pol)

4 digital inputs (software configurable thresholds, pluggable clamp connections)

2 inputs for temperature measuring (teljack 4-pol)

1 modem and ethernet Interface (teljack 8-pol)

Real time clock board PSCIR1

Optional:

3 inputs for shunt measuring: current, fuse supervision (pluggable clamp conn.)

4 inputs for battery middle point measuring (pluggable clamp connections)

1 LVD driver relay output (pluggable clamp connections)

Using additional HW / SW components, follwing maximum configuration /


additional features respectively can be realized:

128 individually controlled digital rectifiers

Rectifier positioning

20 battery and/or load strings (current, voltage, temperature, fuse supervision)

99 relay outputs for alarming or LVD/LVLD

224 digital inputs with individual threshold and hysteresis

2 user interface modules UIM (same function as the local display but with
additional buzzer)

AC measuring via external module (3 phase voltage, current, frequency)

SNMP for reporting events to a network supervision device

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

2.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Interface description
The PSC 3 controller has an Ethernet connection on the front panel for local /
remote access, as well as a local user interface (UIL, display with keypad and 5
alarm LEDs) for monitoring and basic setup (Figure 2).
Handle

128 x 64 graphical LCD w. white backlight

Alarm LEDs

Key pad
Ethernet connector

Figure 2.

PSC 3 Front View


IN

Handle

SH3, SH2, SH1

OC
LVD

UM
USYS+, USYS-, UBAT-

Figure 3.

IMBUS
SENSN

OUT 6

MODEM

OUT 1

TEMP 1/2

RECT

PSC 3 Top View with Connectors

All peripheral connections are pluggable, using either teljacks or pluggable clamp
connections.

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM1 / UIL1 MENU


UIL1 is the local user interface on the PSC 3 front; UIM1 is similar but decentralized,
connected via IMBUS.
In most applications, UIL1 meets all demands for local control, but in very large
systems - and in order to keep compatibility to installations with PSC 3 SW Version
1.70 - the use of one or two UIM1s is supported as well. There are some small
differences between UIL1 and UIM1:
UIL1

UIM1

Location

PSC 3 front panel

Display (pixels)
Buzzer
Start mode, test mode, contrast handled by
No. of devices

128 x 64
No
PSC 3 SW
1

Decentralized,
via IMBUS
132 x 64
Yes
UIM1 SW
02

For both interface types the menu is controlled by PSC 3 Software.

3.1

Menu structure

3.1.1

UIM1 Start Mode


The UIM1 starts in this mode. It gives a short overview of the local key functions.
UIM1 Start Mode
EX&
Contrast+
EX&
ContrastEX&EN
Test Mode
00032001000000001
HW Version:
00
SW Version: V1.00
Imbus ID:
01

The long number is the module serial number programmed once in operation.
At start the UIM1 checks the RAM, the program CRC and the "Module Serial
Number" CRC. If an error is detected, a message appears and the UIM1 will not
start to communicate with the PSC3.
Example:
UIM1 Error
EX&EN
Test Mode
Program Not Ok
Manu Data Not Ok
FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
HW Version:
00
SW Version: V1.00
Imbus ID:
01

The back-light is locally controlled and is always on.


The contrast is also locally controlled, you can change it by pressing EXIT and then
or (EXIT should stay pressed) somewhere in the menu structure.
In this mode the yellow COM LED is off and the UIM1 waits for the PSC 3
connection. If the PSC 3 is not connected or if the CAN communication is not ok,
after 30 sec. PSC 3 Connection Awaited appears.

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Test Mode
Test mode is entered (from anywhere in the MENU structure) by pressing EXIT and
then ENTER (EXIT should stay pressed).

3.1.2.1 UIM1 Test Mode


Check of LEDs, Buzzer and LC Display, view the UIM1 hardware and software
version and the address switch position.
UIM1 Test Mode

LED On/Off

BUZ On/Off
EN
LCD Test
EX&EN Start Mode
HW Version:
00
SW: V1.00 B01 D04
Addr. Switch:
01

There is additional information like Build Version and Downloader Version in the SW
Version field. In this mode the yellow COM LED is off and the UIM1 does not display
the PSC3 data. Press EXIT and then ENTER to switch in start mode again.

3.1.2.2 UIL1 Test Mode


Here just the LEDs and the LC Display can be checked.
Test Mode
LED On/Off

LCD Test
EX&EN Normal Mode

Press EXIT and then ENTER to switch in normal mode again.

10

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Main Menu
Press or to select a sub menu
Press ENTER to enter a sub menu, change a parameter or execute a command.
Press EXIT to quit a sub- menu
If you don't press any key, the default menu appears after 3 minutes.
MAIN MENU
1. DC-SYS STATUS
2. AC-SYS STATUS
3. ALARM

MAIN MENU
1. DC-SYS STATUS
2. AC-SYS STATUS
3. ALARM

MAIN MENU
1. DC-SYS STATUS
2. AC-SYS STATUS
3. ALARM

MAIN MENU
2. AC-SYS STATUS
3. ALARM
4. LOG

MAIN MENU
3. ALARM
4. LOG
5. GENERAL

MAIN MENU
4. LOG
5. GENERAL
6. CONFIGURATION

MAIN MENU
5. GENERAL
6. CONFIGURATION
7. BATTERY FUNCT

MAIN MENU
6. CONFIGURATION
7. BATTERY FUNCT
8. RECTIFIER FUNCT

MAIN MENU
7. BATTERY FUNCT
8. RECTIFIER FUNCT
9. SETUP

MAIN MENU
8. RECTIFIER FUNCT
9. SETUP
10. MAINTENANCE

20.06.2008

11

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.1 DC-SYS Status


1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.1 OVERVIEW
1.2 LOAD
1.3 BATTERY

ENTER

1.1 OVERVIEW
Mode:
float
Usys:
53.5 V
Iload: 120.0 A

1.1 OVERVIEW
Ibatt:
15.0 A
Irect: 135.0 A
Psys:
6420 W

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.1 OVERVIEW
1.2 LOAD
1.3 BATTERY

ENTER

ENTER

Load1
Current: 94.0 A
Voltage: 53.5 V
Fuse Status: ok

1.2 LOAD
Load1
94.0 A
Load2
26.0 A

ENTER

Load2
Current: 26.0 A
Voltage: 53.5 V
Fuse Status: ok

1.2 LOAD
Load1
94.0 A
Load2
26.0 A

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.1 OVERVIEW
1.2 LOAD
1.3 BATTERY

ENTER

1.3 BATTERY
Batt1
15.0 A

ENTER

Batt1
Current: 15.0 A
Voltage: 53.5 V
Fuse Status: ok

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.2 LOAD
1.3 BATTERY
1.4 RECTIFIER

ENTER

1.4 RECTIFIER
RM1
on
RM2
off

ENTER

RM1
Status:
on
Uout:
53.48 V Iout:
135.0 A

RM1
Uout:
Iout:
Pout:

RM2
Status:manual off
Uout:
0.00 V
Iout:
0.0 A

1.4 RECTIFIER
RM1
on
RM2
off

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.3 BATTERY
1.4 RECTIFIER
1.5 LVD

ENTER

ENTER

1.5 LVD
LVDBatt1
LVDLoad1

53.48 V
135.0 A
7223 W

LVDBatt1
State:
false
Inhibit

No

ENTER

LVDBatt1
State:
false
Inhibit

Yes?

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.4 RECTIFIER
1.5 LVD
1.6 TEMPERATURES

ENTER

1.6 TEMPERATURES
Tbatt: 31.0 C
Tambiant: 25.0 C

ENTER

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1: 231.0 V
Phase 2: 232.0 V
Phase 3: 233.0 V

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.5 LVD
1.6 TEMPERATURES
1.7 AC MEASUREME.

Voltages, currents, power, frequency and power factor with


ACM1 and external device
Voltages only with internal-single phase RM

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1: 15.0 A
Phase 2: 25.0 A
Phase 3: 35.0 A

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1:
0.81
Phase 2:
0.82
Phase 3:
0.83

12

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.2 AC-SYS Status (will be defined later)


2. AC-SYS STATUS
2.1 OVERVIEW
2.2 LOAD
2.3 INVERTER

2. AC-SYS STATUS
2.1 OVERVIEW
2.2 LOAD
2.3 INVERTER

2. AC-SYS STATUS
2.1 OVERVIEW
2.2 LOAD
2.3 INVERTER

2. AC-SYS STATUS
2.2 LOAD
2.3 INVERTER
2.4 STATIC SWITCH

2. AC-SYS STATUS
2.3 INVERTER
2.4 STATIC SWITCH
2.5 TEMPERATURES

3.1.3.3 Alarm
3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm
S Ua low:

true

3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Urgent Alarm
S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP

ENTER

S Non Urg RFA


S Non Urg RFA: true

Stop

3.2 ALARM STOP


Stop

Yes?

S Urgent

Alarm->
S Non Urg Alarm->
S Alarm Stop->
S Mainsfailure->
Usys too high->

20.06.2008

13

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.4 Log
4. LOG
4.1 ENTRIES
4.2 CLEAR

ENTER

4. LOG
4.1 ENTRIES
4.2 CLEAR

14

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 17:35:00
03.04.2003 16:35:17
03.04.2003 15:00:00

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 17:35:00
S Mainsfailure ok

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 17:35:00
03.04.2003 16:35:17
03.04.2003 15:00:00

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 16:35:17
S Mainsfailure

4.2 CLEAR

ENTER

4.2 CLEAR

Clear Log

Clear Log

20.06.2008

ENTER
Yes?

4.2 CLEAR
Clear Log

Ok

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.5 General
5.GENERAL
5.1 SW VERSION
5.2 LANGUAGE
5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5.1 SW VERSION
PSC 3 23 12 2005
Version: V1.50
Build Version: 1

5. GENERAL
5.1 SW VERSION
5.2 LANGUAGE
5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

English

English is default, choose


with or one of two
other possible loaded
languages. Restart UIM
Menu if changed

5.2 LANGUAGE
English

5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

French
5. GENERAL
5.1 SW VERSION
5.2 LANGUAGE
5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5. GENERAL
5.2 LANGUAGE
5.3 TIME&DATE
5.4 TCP/IP

ENTER

5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

Date: 03.04.2003
Time: 16:25:31
5.4 TCP/IP
5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT
5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS
5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK

French

Yes?

5.3 TIME&DATE
03.04.2003 16:25:31

ENTER

5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT

ENTER

disabled

5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT


Enable

Yes?

5.4 TCP/IP
5.4.1 DHCP CLIENT
5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS
5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK

ENTER

5.4 TCP/IP
5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS
5.4.6 MODEM-PPP
5.4.7 TERMINAL-PPP

5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS
172.025.138.034

5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS

5.4 TCP/IP
5.4.3 SUBNET-MASK
5.4.4 GATEWAY-ADD
5.4.5 MAC-ADDRESS

00-02-55-9D-DA-43

ENTER

ENTER
5.4.6 MODEM-PPP
.1 LOCAL-ADDRESS
.2 REMOTE-ADDRESS

ENTER
5.4.6 MODEM-PPP
.1 LOCAL-ADDRESS
.2 REMOTE-ADDRESS

5. GENERAL
5.3 TIME&DATE
5.4 TCP/IP
5.5 UIM PASSWORD

5.2 LANGUAGE

ENTER

5.5 UIM PASSWORD


5.5.1 CHANGE
5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

.1 LOCAL-ADDRESS
192.168.000.073

.2 REMOTE-ADDRESS
192.168.000.201

5.5.1 CHANGE
Change

5.5 UIM PASSWORD


5.5.1 CHANGE
5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

5. GENERAL
5.4 TCP/IP
5.5 UIM PASSWORD
5.6 HELP

ENTER

5. GENERAL
5.5 UIM PASSWORD
5.6 HELP
5.7 ABOUT

ENTER

ENTER

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF


Restore

5.6 HELP
EX& Contrast +
EX& Contrast EX&EN Test Mode

(c)Delta Energy Systems

20.06.2008

15

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.6 Configuration
6. CONFIGURATION
6.1 EVENT
6.2 USYS CALIBR

ENTER

6.1 EVENT
6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
Usys too high
Usys too low
FAN1 on

ENTER

Usys too high


Measurement: Usys
Up Thresh: 58.00V
Hysteresis: 0.20V

Usys too high


Measurement: Usys
Up Thresh: 58.00V
Hysteresis: 0.20V

Usys too high


Measurement: Usys
Up Thresh: 58.00V
Hysteresis: 0.20V

ENTER

Usys too low


Measurement: Usys
Low Thres: 46.00V
Hysteresis: 0.20V

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
Usys too high
Usys too low
FAN1 on

ENTER

FAN1 on
Measurement: Tbatt
Up Thresh: 33.0C
Hysteresis: 3.0C

6.1.2 DELAYS
Long Mainsfailure

ENTER

Long Mainsfailure
Inp:S Mainsfailure
TRUE for: 01:00:00
FALSE for:00:00:00

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
Usys too high
Usys too low
FAN1 on

6.1 EVENT
6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

These Events are


examples of user
defined events (not
system events)

Long Mainsfailure
Inp:S Mainsfailure
TRUE for: 01:00:00
FALSE for:00:00:00

Long Mainsfailure
Inp:S Mainsfailure
TRUE for: 01:00:00
FALSE for:00:00:00

6. CONFIGURATION
6.1 EVENT
6.2 USYS CALIBR

16

ENTER

6.2 USYS CALIBR


Measured: 53.1 V
Calibrated: 53.5 V
Calibrate

ENTER

6.2 USYS CALIBR


External Measured
Value:
53.09

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.7 Battery Funct


ENTER

7.1 USYS REGUL.


Usys @20C:53.50 V
Tcoeff: 72mV/C
TC_low: 0.0 C

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.2 EQUALIZE
7.2.1 PARAMETERS
7.2.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.2.1 PARAMETERS
Voltage: 54.00 V
Duration: 720 min

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.3 BOOST CHARGE


7.3.1 PARAMETERS
7.3.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.3.1 PARAMETERS
Voltage: 54.0 V
Istart: 50.0 A
Istop:
10.0 A

ENTER

7.4 USYS SUPERVI.


Ua max: 56.00 V
Ua min: 49.00 V
Us max: 54.30 V

ENTER

7.5.1 PARAMETERS
Usupport: 48.0 V
Idischarge:100.0 A
Duration: 300 min

ENTER

7.5.2 NBT PARAM.


Voltage: 48.0 V
Period: 300 min

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.1 PARAMETERS
7.5.2 NBT PARAM.
7.5.3 START/STOP

ENTER

7.5.3 START/STOP
Status: inactive

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.2 NBT PARAM.
7.5.3 START/STOP
7.5.4 RESULTS

ENTER

7.5.4 RESULTS
10.10.2003 17:35:00
Result:
ok
Voltage: 50.60V

ENTER

7.5.5 NBT RESULTS


10.10.2003 17:35:00
Result: not done
Voltage: **** V

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE
7.4 USYS SUPERVIS.

7.4 USYS SUPERVI.


Us max: 54.30 V
Us min: 52.80 V
Hysteresis: 0.10 V
7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.3 BOOST CHARGE
7.4 USYS SUPERV.
7.5 BATTERY TEST

ENTER

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.1 PARAMETERS
7.5.2 NBT PARAM.
7.5.3 START/STOP

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.1 PARAMETERS
7.5.2 NBT PARAM.
7.5.3 START/STOP

ENTER

Start

7.5.3 START/STOP
Status: inactive
Start

Yes?

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.3 START/STOP
7.5.4 RESULTS
7.5.5 NBT RESULTS

7.5.5 NBT RESULTS


Voltage: **** V
Time:
**** S
Disch. Cap.: 0 Ah

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.4 RESULTS
7.5.5 NBT RESULTS
7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT

ENTER

7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT


Status: active
Reset

20.06.2008

ENTER

7.5.6 FAIL. EVENT


Status: active
Reset

Yes?

17

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.4 USYS SUPERV.
7.5 BATTERY TEST
7.6 MIDDLE POINT

ENTER

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.1 PARAMETERS
Ud chrg: 1.00 V
Ud dischrg: 1.00 V

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status: active

ENTER

Reset

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status: active
Reset

Yes?

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.5 BATTERY TEST
7.6 MIDDLE POINT
7.7 IDIFF

ENTER

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.3 MEASUREMENT
MPBatt1: 25.6 V

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.1 PARAMETERS
Idm chrg: 30 %
Idm dischrg: 30 %

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok

ENTER

MPBatt1
String:
Batt1
Udiff:
1.2 V
Status:
fail

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

Reset

Reset

Yes?

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.6 MIDDLE POINT
7.7 IDIFF
7.8 TDIFF

ENTER

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.3 MEASUREMENT
Idiff:
0%

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.1 PARAMETERS
Tdiffmax: 30.0C

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

18

ENTER

20.06.2008

7.8.3 MEASUREMENT
Tdiff:
0C

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

Yes?

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.7 IDIFF
7.8 TDIFF
7.9 SEP CHARGE

ENTER

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.8 TDIFF
7.9 SEP CHARGE
7.10 BATTERY PARA

ENTER

7.10 BATTERY PARA


Batt1
Batt2

ENTER

ENTER
7.11 BACKUP TIME
7.11.1 PARAMETERS
7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.11.3 MEASUREMENT

7.9 SEP CHARGE


Status: inactive

ENTER

Batt1
Capacity: 300 Ah
max Ibatt: 30 A

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.9 SEP CHARGE
7.10 BATTERY PARA
7.11 BACKUP TIME

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.10 BATTERY PARA
7.11 BACKUP TIME
7.12 EVENT CONTR.

ENTER
7.11 BACKUP TIME
7.11.1 PARAMETERS
7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.11.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.12 EVENT CONTR.


7.12.1 PARAMETERS
7.12.2 STATUS

7.11.1 PARAMETERS
BT exp.: 60 min

7.11.3 MEASUREMENT
Status: inactive
BT estim.:**** min

ENTER

7.12 EVENT CONTR.


Voltage: 53.50 V
max.Ibatt: 100.0 A

ENTER

7.12.2 STATUS
Status: inactive

7.12 EVENT CONTR.


7.12.1 PARAMETERS
7.12.2 STATUS

20.06.2008

19

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.8 Rectifier Function


8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 RECHARGE
8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER

8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.1 OVERVIEW
Installed:
4
Ok:
4
Fault:
0

8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP
.1 RM NUMBER
.2 RM NEW
.3 RM LOST

ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER
Number:
4
Fail. for NUA: 1
Fail. for UA: 2

8.1.2 SETUP
.1 RM NUMBER
.2 RM NEW
.3 RM LOST

ENTER

.2 RM NEW
Installed:
4
New:
0
Acknowledge

ENTER

.3 RM LOST
Installed:
4
Lost:
0
Acknowledge

8.1.2 SETUP
.1 RM NUMBER
.2 RM NEW
.3 RM LOST
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG


Status: inactive

Status: wait for

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG

Start

assignment
Finish
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG
Status:
ok
Start

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 RECHARGE
8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 RECHARGE
8.3 REDUNDANCY

8.2 RECHARGE
8.2.1 PARAMETERS
8.2.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.2.1 PARAMETERS
Expect. RT: 10 min

8.2.1 PARAMETERS
Expect. RT: 0010

ENTER

8.2 RECHARGE
8.2.1 PARAMETERS
8.2.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.2.1 STATUS
Status:
ok
Estim. RT: 9 min

8.3 REDUNDANCY
8.3.1 PARAMETERS
8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS
Redundant RM: 2

8.3 RECHARGE
8.3.1 PARAMETERS
8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS
Redundant RM: 002

20

ENTER

ENTER

20.06.2008

8.3.2 STATUS
Status: inactive
Redundant RM: 0

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

3.1.3.9 Setup
9. SETUP
9.1 SAVE SETUP
9.2 RESTORE SETUP
9.3 FACT DEFAULT

ENTER

9.1 SAVE SETUP


Setup: modified

ENTER

Save

9.1 SAVE SETUP


Setup: modified
Save

Yes?

9. SETUP
9.1 SAVE SETUP
9.2 CLEAR SETUP

ENTER

9.2 CLEAR SETUP


Setup: modified

ENTER

9.2 CLEAR SETUP

9.2 CLEAR SETUP


Setup: modified

! When cleared
PSC 3 will reboot
automatically

Clear

Clear

Yes?

The menu CLEAR SETUP is protected by a factory password.

3.1.3.10

Maintenance

10. Maintenance
10.1 RS LATCH
10.2 HW STATUS
10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.1 RS LATCH
)
TbattTooHigh* True
)
ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

TbattTooHigh *
Status:
True

ENTER

Reset

TbattTooHigh *
Status:
True
Reset

Yes?

10.1 RS LATCH
)
TbattTooHigh* True
)
ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

ILoadTooHigh *
Status:
False

ENTER

Trigger

10. Maintenance
10.1 RS LATCH
10.2 HW STATUS
10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.2 HW STATUS
10.2.1 BOARDS
10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

Trigger

10.2.1 BOARDS
APOCO
ok
APOSYS01
ok

ENTER

Yes?

ENTER

APOCO
220000000000000018
Part Nu: D0120462
SW Version: V2.0

ENTER

APOSYS01
220000000000001234
Part Nu: D0121384
SW Version: V1.06

10.2.1 BOARD
APOSCO
ok
APOSYS01
ok

10. Maintenance
10.1 RS LATCH
10.2 STATUS
10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ILoadTooHigh *
Status:
False

10.2 HW STATUS
10.2.1 BOARDS
10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.2.2 IMBUS
Imbus Status: ok

Reboot

10.3 REBOOT PSC 3


Reboot

Yes?

*) These RS latch events are examples of user defined events (not system events).

20.06.2008

21

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

3.1.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Password
If you press ENTER on an editable parameter (when the value is highlighted) or
execute a command like Save Setup or Clear Log the password menu
appears. A 6 position password is required. The 4 keys can be used in the password
(therefore using EXIT does not exit the password menu but the position in the
password is incremented).
Example with Save Setup:
EXIT
9.1 SAVE SETUP
Setup: modified

ENTER

PASSWORD
ENTER
Password

******

Save
PASSWORD
Password

Wrong

PASSWORD
Password

******

Wrong

Ok
9.1 SAVE SETUP
Setup: modified
Save

Yes?
EXIT

ENTER

9.1 SAVE SETUP


Setup: modified
Save

Process

9.1 SAVE SETUP


Setup:
saved

EXIT

Save

ok

There are three attempts to enter a password. Once a correct password is entered,
it will stay valid until the default menu pops up again (after 3 minutes or if explicitly
navigated back there).
The Default Password is UP, UP, DOWN, EXIT, EXIT and ENTER.

22

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

In menu 5.5 UIM PASSWORD the password can be changed; first enter the old
PSW, then the new one and the confirmation.
You can also restore the default PSW but for this action the factory password is
required!
5.5 UIM PASSWORD
5.5.1 CHANGE
5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

5.5.1 CHANGE

ENTER

Change

PASSWORD
Password

******

PASSWORD
New

******

PASSWORD
Confirm

5.5 UIM PASSWORD


5.5.1 CHANGE
5.5.2 RESTORE DEF.

ENTER

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF


Restore

ENTER

******

PASSWORD
Password

******

5.5.2 RESTORE DEF


Restore

Yes?

If the UIM user tries to edit a value or clear the log or save the setup while a WEB
user is logged in, the UIM user has no write access to the database and the
following message pops up for 2 seconds:
9.1 SAVE SETUP
No Write Access

The commands Stop Alarm and LVD Inhibit have no database access, so they
are always enabled.

20.06.2008

23

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

WEB GUI MENU

Figure 4.

24

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 menu tree (upper part)

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

Figure 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 menu tree (lower part)

20.06.2008

25

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

COMMUNICATION SETTINGS

5.1

Local Communication Settings


The direct connection from a computer to the PSC 3 is made either via RS232 serial
port (inside PSC 3) or via LAN interface (PSC 3 front panel).

5.1.1

Setting the Computer for Direct connection to PSC 3 Serial Port


The following instructions show how to prepare the computer for the serial port
(RS232) connection.

26

Note!

These instructions are written for the Windows XP operating system.


The settings and screen views may be different in other versions and
types of operating system, but the principle remains the same.

Step 1.

Prepare a Null-Modem adapter cable according to the following figure:

Figure 6.

Null-Modem Adapter Cable

Step 2.

Connect your computer to the serial port (RS232) of the PSC 3 by


means of the null-modem adapter cable.

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Open the Control Panel on your computer and open the Network and
Connections settings. Click on Create a new connection (Figure 7).

Click

Figure 7.

Create a new connection

Step 4.

The New Connection Wizard -window opens. Click on the Next button
(Figure 8).

Click

Figure 8.

The New Connection Wizard window.

20.06.2008

27

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

Step 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new Network Connection Type window, select Set up an


advanced connection and click on Next (Figure 9.)

Select
Click

Figure 9.

The Network Connection Type window.

Step 6.

From the Advanced Connection Options window select Connect


directly to another computer then click on Next

Select

Click

Figure 10. Advanced Connection Options.

28

20.06.2008

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

Step 7.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new Host or Guest window, select Guest then click on
Next (Figure 11).

Select

Click

Figure 11. The Host or Guest window


Step 8.

In the next window a name is given for the connection. This name will
identify the new connection in the Network Connections window of the
Control Panel. Example: PSC 3 Serial Connection.

Enter connection name

Click

Figure 12. Connection Name.

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Step 9.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the next window, select Communications Port (COM1) then click
on Next(Figure 13).

Select

Click

Figure 13. The Select a Device window.


Step 10.

From the new Connection Availability window select Anyones use


then click on Next (Figure 14).

Select

Click

Figure 14. The Connection Availability window.

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Step 11.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The Completing the Network Connection Wizard window opens. Click on


Finish (Figure 15.)

Click

Figure 15. Completing the Network Connection Wizard


Step 12.

The login page for the connection opens. Click on Properties (Figure
16.)

Click

Figure 16. The PSC 3 Serial Connection Login window.

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Step 13.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

From the new window select the General settings and from the Select a
device drop down menu select Communication cable between two
computers (COM1). At the bottom left corner is a checkbox for Show
icon in taskbar when connected, which is useful as a check when in
operation. Then click on Configure... (Figure 17.)

Select

then click

Check if desired

Figure 17. PSC 3 Serial Connection properties.


Step 14.

A new Modem Configuration window opens. Select Maximum speed


(bps) of 38400 and click on OK (Figure 18.)

Select

Click

Figure 18. The Modem Configuration window


Step 15.

32

After returning to PSC 3 Serial Connection Properties window, choose


Networking settings. Then choose PPP as the type of dial-up server

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and check the checkbox TCP/IP. Leave other checkboxes unchecked


and click on OK (Figure 19.)

Select PPP

Check TCP/IP

Click

Figure 19. Networking settings for the PSC 3 Serial Connection.


Step 16.

The view returns to Network Connections window. To login to the PSC 3


double-click on the PSC 3 Serial Connection (or other name given for
the connection.)

Double click

Figure 20. Network Connections window


Step 17.

The login page appears. To connect to the PSC 3, enter the user name
and the password psc3, and then click on Connect to open the
connection between PSC 3 and the computer (Figure 21.)

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Enter User name fourier *)


Enter Password psc3 *)

Click

Figure 21. Connect PSC 3 Serial Connection


*) these are default values; they can only be modified via Web Interface (Menu
Home > System > Interface Setup > Modem PPP:

Figure 22. Default Username and Password for Serial Connection


Step 18.

Now the status Connected should appear In the Network Connections


Window (Figure 20). If so, start the Internet Browser and type the local
address followed by <ENTER>:

Figure 23. Internet Browser: Enter Local Address


Now the Login Page appears. Proceed as described in 5.2.1 Setting the PSC 3 for
communication in the Local Area Network, Step 3.

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5.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Setting the Computer for Direct Connection to PSC 3 Ethernet Interface


To connect a computer directly to the Ethernet (LAN) interface of the PSC 3, some
preparations are needed for the computers link speed and IP-address settings.
Step 1.

Open the Control Panel of your computer, and then the Network
Connections settings.

Step 2.

Open the properties for Local Area Connection (Figure 24.)

Right -clock on Local Area


Connection, choose
Properties

Figure 24. The Network and Dial-up Connection window.


Step 3.

Click on Configure in the Local Area Connection Properties window


(Figure 25.)

Click on Configure

Figure 25. The Local Area Connection Properties window.

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Step 4.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Choose the value 10Mbps/Full Duplex as the Link Speed & Duplex in
the Advanced settings of the Configuration window (Figure 26).

Choose Link Speed & Duplex


and
10Mbps Full Duplex

Figure 26. The Link Speed & Duplex Settings.


Step 5.

The view returns to Local Area Connection Properties. Choose Internet


Protocol TCP/IP and click on Properties (s. Figure 27).

Choose Internet
Protocol TCP/IP
and click on
Properties.

Figure 27. Choosing the properties for Internet Protocol.

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Step 6.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

A window for Internet Protocol TCP/IP properties opens. The computers


IP address must be set manually for the direct computer-to-PSC 3
connection. Choose the option Use the following IP address, and
define the IP address to the same network area as the PSC 3. Only the
numbers in the last section of the IP address should be different.
Example: The default IP address of the PSC 3 is 192.168.0.73.
Computers IP address can therefore be e.g. 192.168.0.74, as in the
Figure 28.
After defining the IP address click on OK.

Check checkbox for


the manual IPaddress.
Type the IP-address
of the PC.

Click on OK.

Figure 28. The IP address of the computer.


Note!

The default IP-address for the PSC 3 is given at the factory. The current
IP-address of the PSC 3 can be checked from the the systems test
report attached with the user manual, or from the UIM menu 5.4.2 IPADDRESS.

The computer is now ready for connecting and configuring the PSC 3. The PSC 3
can be configured through the RS232 serial port or the LAN interface
(recommended) on the front panel of the PSC 3.

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5.2

Remote Settings

5.2.1

Setting the PSC 3 for communication in the Local Area Network


The following information is required to prepare the PSC 3 for communication in the
local area network: IP address, Subnet-mask, Gateway address (default), all
provided by the network administrator. Set these parameters on the PSC 3 using the
local interface UIL / UIM (s. 3.1.3.5 General).
Note!

If MAC-address identification is used in the network, the unique address


of the PSC 3 can be found from the UIM menu 5.4.5 MAC ADDRESS.

Step 1.

Connect your computer directly to the PSC 3. The connection can be


made either to the RS232 or to the LAN (recommended) interface, with a
proper cable.
For the LAN interface a crossover cable is needed (s. Figure 29).

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Figure 29. The crossover LAN cable.


Step 2.

Open your web browser and connect to the default IP-address


(e.g. http://192.168.0.73) of the PSC 3. The current IP address of the
PSC 3 can be checked from the UIM menu 5.4.2 IP-ADDRESS.
Type the IP-ADDRESS of the
controller here

Figure 30. Web user interface to PSC 3.

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Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool login page opens. Give
the username and password, and click on the Submit button. The
home page of the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool opens.

Enter Username and


Password, then
click on Submit

Figure 31. The login page for PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.
Step 4.

On the left side of the window there is a menu tree.


Go the following submenu: System Interface Setup Ethernet

Step 5.

A window with Ethernet settings (Ethernet Setup) opens. Check and, if


necessary, modify the IP-address, subnet-mask and gateway-address of
the PSC 3 and then click on Accept Changes (s. Figure 32).

If necessary, enter new IP-Address /


Subnet-Mask / Gateway-Address,
then click on Accept Changes

Figure 32. The Interface Setup window.


Note!

If the IP address of the PSC 3 now has been changed, the computer
settings have to be changed accordingly for the direct computer-to-PSC
3 connectio (s. Step 6 in chapter 5.1.2).

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Step 6.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

If parameters have been modified, save the settings by clicking on the


Save button on the top-left corner of the main screen (Figure 33). You
can also go to the menu: Configuration Setup Update and click on
Save on the main screen.

Click on Save

Figure 33. Saving the current settings (Main Screen).


Step 7.

When you are finished, click on Logout.

Click on Logout

Figure 34. Log ou (Main Screen)t.

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5.2.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)


Note!

The SNMP functionality is an option and does not come as default with
the controller PSC 3. Please contact your local Delta representative for
more information about the SNMP functionality.

5.2.2.1 Description
Using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) mainly performs monitoring of
distributed network devices in heterogeneous networks. SNMP is the de facto
standard for network management. For this standardised protocol many commercial
off-the-shell (COTS) products are available, which range from simple alarm
monitoring tools to powerful network management suites.
Nowadays, alarm monitoring in DC power systems is usually performed using relay
contacts. SNMP in DC power systems with PSC 3 offers new possibilities. The most
important feature is remote monitoring using COTS applications and in case of an
alarm e.g. notification via email or SMS. Furthermore, vital system parameters can
be collected over a period of time to ensure system interoperability e.g. battery
voltage or current.
SNMP-based management system components are distributed throughout IP
networks in the form of agents and managers. PSC 3 represents a SNMP agent
entity, making DC power system parameters available to a SNMP manager entity.
The PSC 3 controller, as agent, sends trap messages to the SNMP manager. PSC 3
controller is able to send traps to ten IP addresses (SNMP managers). In order for a
SNMP manager to understand a trap sent to it by an agent, the manager must have
the Management Information Base (MIB) for the specific traps loaded.
For activating the SNMP functionality see also 13.4 Software License Key.

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5.2.2.2 Settings
Note!

The SNMP function is an option and therefore the following menu is


visible only if the SNMP functionality has been added to the PSC 3
controller.

Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > Interface Setup > SNMP > Setup

Step 3.

Enter the IP address (es) of the SNMP manager(s) and click on Accept
Changes.

Enter IP Address(es) of SNMP


Manager(s),
then click on
Accept Changes

Figure 35. SNMP Setup window of the PSC 3 controller.


Step 4.

Save the changes by clicking on Save on the main screen.

Step 5.

Save the MIB file, provided by Delta, to your SNMP managers MIB file
folder. Then enable the SNMP connection to PSC 3.
When SNMP has been enabled the PSC 3 controller sends information
about the system, and three alarms as default; Urgent Alarm (UA), Nonurgent Alarm (NUA) and Mains failure (MS).

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BATTERY
The mission of the power system is to provide uninterruptible and quality power to
the load. The batteries play a key role in the availability of the system, and the
controller is vital for the battery management and supervision. PSC 3 offers a
comprehensive set of battery management and supervision functions, such as
different battery charge modes, temperature compensation, battery protection,
battery testing and identifying possible weaknesses in battery strings. The following
chapter describes the battery functions and instructs how to enable and use them.

6.1

Charging
In normal mode, when AC supply of the power system is connected, available and
meets the requirements, the rectifiers of the system supply power to the load and
charge the batteries. If there are interruptions in the AC supply or for some reason
the rectifiers are failing to supply part or all of the required power to the load, the
batteries start to discharge and supply power to the load. When the AC supply and
rectifiers return the controller will manage the rectifiers to supply power to the load
and recharge the batteries. There are three different battery charge modes, which
can be used in different states of the system: Float Charge, Equalize and Boost
Charge. The battery manufacturer is responsible for providing the correct voltage
levels and other battery charging information for the batteries.

6.1.1

Float Charge
Battery float charge is the normal charge mode of the power system. The mode is
managed by setting charge voltage for the rectifiers. The voltage is set in a level that
compensates battery self-discharge. The temperature of the batteries has an impact
on the charging and discharging of the battery. Therefore the temperature
compensation function is used.
Usually after a battery test, separate charge or a mains failure the system is in the
recharge state. As soon as the battery is fully charged, the state changes to float.
This state has no influence on the system voltage. For system voltage regulation the
same parameters as in the float charge state are used. The recharge parameters,
set with the float charge, define the criteria for the transition to float. Setting the float
charge voltage and other related parameters are described below.
Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and


instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Explanation

Usys@20C

Voltage to regulate to at 20C. If temperature


compensation is used, this voltage will vary!
Switch to enable the temperature compensation for float
regulation. (uses Tcoeff, Tc_low and Tc_high)
Temperature compensation coefficient
Temperature compensation limit, low temperature
Temperature compensation limit, high temperature
Deviation from float temperature compensated float
voltage. When voltage deviation is within this limit, the
voltage returns to Float Charge
Maximum allowed time for recharge, after which the
voltage returns to Float Charge.

Temperature Compensation
Tcoeff
Tc_low
Tc_high
Voltage Within Ufloat

max. Recharge Duration

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6.1.1.1 UIM/UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to the menu 7.1 FLOAT CHARGE.

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on the ENTER (requires password).

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE


Usys @20C:53.50 V
Tcoeff: 72 mV/C
TC_low: 0.0 C

Figure 36. The float charge menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

6.1.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Float Charge

Step 3.

Set the battery float charge parameters according to the instructions of


the battery manufacturer. See the table with explanation of each
parameter.

Step 4.

When you are done with the settings, click on Accept changes and
save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the
main screen.

Figure 37. Battery Float Charge settings.

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6.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Equalize
With flooded lead-acid batteries a function called Battery Equalize is available.
Basically it means controlled overcharge of the batteries, during which normal
charging is allowed to continue after the battery would normally be considered full,
by using a higher charge voltage (> float charge voltage). This procedure equalises
the voltages between battery cells and stirs up the fluids within batteries, extending
the battery life. The PSC 3 controller offers a variety of parameters and settings
which ensure that the procedure is carried out safely and within certain limitations.
Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and


instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Explanation

Voltage

Equalize voltage. Equalize uses the same settings for


temperature compensation as for float charge.
Specifies the duration of the equalize charging process.
In order to enable lead and lag time mark this checkbox.
Lead time for S BatteryFan event
Time lag for S BatteryFan event
In order to supervise the battery temperature and stop
equalize if the battery temperature exceed the following
limit mark this checkbox.
If the battery temperature exceed this limit, the charging
process stops.
Deviation from float voltage to stop the alarm suppression.
Maximum delay for S EQinProgress event
Specifies the time between two battery charging
processes.
Within this time window a programmed equalize can be
started.
Minimal time between boost charge and equalize.

Duration
Use Battery Room Fan
Lead Time (Fan)
Time Lag (Fan)
Max. Battery Temperature

Max. Battery Temperature


Alarm Suppression Voltage
Alarm Suppression Time
Interval (Start Condition)
Start window
Inhibit after Boost
(Start Condition)
Forbidden Periods

During the given time windows the programmed equalize


is not executed.
At the selected weekdays a programmed equalize will not
be started.

Forbidden Weekday

6.1.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.2 EQUALIZE.

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on the ENTER in menu 7.2.1 (requires


password).

Step 3.

Start or stop the boost charge manually in menu 7.2.2.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.2 EQUALIZE
7.2.1 PARAMETERS
7.2.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.2.1 PARAMETERS
Voltage: 54.00 V
Duration: 720 min

Figure 38. The equalize menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

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6.1.2.2 Web Interface


Parameter setting:
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Equalize

Step 3.

Enable the function by clicking on Enable then on Accept Changes.

Step 4.

Click on Edit parameter to open the Equalize Parameter window.

Step 5.

Set the parameters (s. table with explanation of each parameter).

Step 6.

Click on Accept changes.

Figure 39. Battery Equalize Parameters.


Manual Start / Stop:
Step 7.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Equalize

Step 8.

Start Function (Stop Function if status is inactive)

If necessary, check the start conditions by


clicking on Info,
then click on Start;
To stop a running function click on Stop

Figure 40. Battery Equalize window.

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6.1.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Boost Charge
The battery can be boost charged automatically after a mains failure. With this
procedure the system voltage is increased to a certain level to recharge the
batteries faster. The controller calculates the charge duration based on the battery
current. The charging process is either controlled by time, current or energy
depending on the configuration.
Note!

Before setting the parameters, check the battery specifications and


instructions of the battery manufacturer.

Parameter

Boost charge
based on

Explanation

Voltage

All

Istart
Istop
Factor (k)
Factor (q)

Current
Current
Time
Energy

Uboostlow
max. Duration

Time
All

Inhibit Time
Use Battery Room
Fan
Time Lag (Fan)
Max. Battery
Temperature
Alarm Suppression
Voltage
Alarm Suppression
Time

All
All

Boost charge voltage. Boost Charge uses the same


settings for temperature compensation as for float
charge.
Battery current value at which boost charge starts.
Battery current value at which boost charge stops.
Factor (k) to calculate the boost charge duration.
Factor (q) to calculate the capacity to recharge into
the battery.
Limit to calculate the discharge duration.
Maximum allowed time for boost charge (to prevent
continuous charging of the battery)
Minimal time after last boost stop.
In order to delay the battery fan event mark this
checkbox.
Time lag for S BatteryFan event
If the battery temperature exceed this limit, the
boost process stops.
Deviation from float voltage to stop the alarm
suppression.
Maximum delay for S BCinProgress event

All
All
All
All

6.1.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.3 BOOST CHARGE.

Step 2.

Change parameters by clicking on ENTER in menu 7.3.1 (requires


password).

Step 3.

Start or stop the boost charge manually in menu 7.3.2.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.1 FLOAT CHARGE
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE

ENTER

7.3 BOOST CHARGE


7.3.1 PARAMETERS
7.3.2 START/STOP

ENTER

7.3.1 PARAMETERS
Voltage: 54.0 V
Istart: 50.0 A
Istop:
10.0 A

Figure 41. The boost charge menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

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6.1.3.2 Web Interface


Parameter setting:
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Boost Charge

Step 3.

Click on Change at the Boost Type Selection, to open a window for


choosing the type (current, time or energy) for boost charge.

Step 4.

Choose the type of boost charge and click on Accept Changes.

Step 5.

Click on Edit parameter to open the according window.

Step 6.

Set the boost charge parameters according to the instructions of the


battery manufacturer. See the table with explanation of each parameter.

Step 7.

Click on Accept changes.

Figure 42. Battery boost charge Parameter (current based).


Manual Start / Stop:
Step 1.

Go to menu Battery > Control > Boost Charge

Step 2.

Start Function (Stop Function if status is inactive)

If necessary, check the start conditions by


clicking on Info,
then click on Start;
To stop a running function click on Stop

Figure 43. Battery boost charge window.

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Separate Charge and Discharge


For maintenance of the system, a battery can be separated from the system; then
be discharged with a separate load and finally be recharging with separated
rectifiers whilst the system is running normally with the remaining battery (batteries).
+ USYS

Batt 1

B1

S1

Shunt

Batt 2

B2

S2

Shunt

- USYS

Separate Load

LB

MS

LL
Separate charge rail

Separate
charge
rectifiers

IMBUS

6.1.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Enable (Digital Input)

Mode Select (Digital Input)

PSC 3 /
SSM

Figure 44. The battery string and rectifier arrangement for separate charge.
There are two types of separate charge in the PSC 3: manual and semi-automatic.
With the manual separate charge and discharge the separated battery is fully
charged before it is reconnected to the system. The float voltage for the separated
battery can be set to a value different from the system float voltage (=> boost
voltage). After the battery is fully charged, the float voltage is set to the same value
as the system float voltage (or lower). After the voltage of the separated battery has
settled to the system voltage, the battery can be reconnected to the system.
With the semi-automatic separate charge and discharge the system voltage is
reduced to reconnect voltage Urecon during separate charging. After the voltage
of the separated battery has reached the system voltage, the system voltage tracks
the separate charging voltage for a short time and then the battery can be
reconnected to the system. The battery is then charged up to the system float
voltage.
During separate charge mode, battery fuse alarms and Idiff measurement are
suppressed.

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Parameter

Explanation

Charge Voltage
Reconnect Voltage

Charge voltage.
Only with semi-automatic separate charge / discharge!
During the charge phase the PSC 3 reduces the voltage
of the remaining system to this value.
Maximum charge current for separate battery
Input to activate separate charge and discharge.
active: separate charge and discharge
inactive: normal charge state
An event has to be assigned to this input.
Input to select the mode.
active: separate discharge
inactive: separate charge
An event has to be assigned to this input.

max. Ibatt
Enable Input

Mode Select Input

6.1.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface


UIM / UIL shows the status of separate charge in menu 7.9 SEP CHARGE.

6.1.4.2 Web interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Separate Charge

Step 3.

Click on the button Change to change the Separate Charge Type.

Step 4.

From the new window, choose the type of separate charge and click on
the Accept Changes button.

Step 5.

Enter the parameters for separate charge and click on the Accept
Changes button. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

Figure 45. Separate Charge window (semi automatic).

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6.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Battery Test
PSC 3 offers different procedures to check the state of the batteries. User can select
between constant current and real load battery tests, depending on the system size
and the load conditions.
The constant current battery test discharges the battery with a constant current
during a certain time. As an alternative in systems with very small or heavily varying
load currents, the real load battery test can be selected. The main difference is that
during the real load battery test the rectifiers do not deliver any current to load, as
long as the battery voltage remains above the support voltage.
During the Constant Current battery test, the battery is being discharged with a
constant current. Load changes are being balanced by the rectifiers. For successful
test the load current must be larger than the desired battery discharge current.
During the Real Load battery test the battery is being discharged with the real load
current. To make the testing safe the rectifier output voltage is programmed to
Usupport voltage level but the rectifiers remain in operation.
Parameter

Test type

Explanation

Usupport
Idischarge
Duration
Minimal
Duration

Both
Const.Current
Both
Both

Battery
Temperature
Voltage within
Ufloat

Both

Interval

Both

Start window

Both

Forbidden
Periods
Forbidden
Weekday

Both

Support charge voltage for the battery


Battery discharge current
Battery test duration.
The value represents the minimum battery test duration
in minutes. During that time a battery test is not stopped
in case of a voltage below the support voltage or a
current difference higher than the specified value.
A programmed battery test is executed only, if the
battery temperature is within this range.
To ensure that the battery is fully charged the system
voltage should not differ for a certain time from the float
voltage before the battery test.
Minimal time between programmed battery tests. To
enable the programmed battery test marks the
checkbox.
After a manually started battery test the measurement
of the interval restarts.
Within this time window a programmed battery test can
be started.
During the given time windows the programmed battery
test is not executed.
At the selected weekdays a programmed battery test
will not be started.

Both

Both

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6.2.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.5 BATTERY TEST.

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the ENTER in the menu 7.5.1


(requires password).

Step 3.

If desired, check the result of previous test in menu 7.5.4.

Step 4.

Start or stop the battery test in menu 7.5.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.3 BOOST CHARGE
7.4 USYS SUPERV.
7.5 BATTERY TEST

ENTER

7.5 BATTERY TEST


7.5.1 PARAMETERS
7.5.2 NBT PARAM.
7.5.3 START/STOP

ENTER

7.5.1 PARAMETERS
Usupport: 48.00 V
Idischarge:100.0 A
Duration: 300 min

Figure 46. UIM / UIL menu for battery test.

6.2.2

Web interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Battery Test.

Step 3.

Click on Change at the Test Type Selection, to open a window for


choosing the type (constant current or real load) for battery test.

Step 4.

Choose the type of battery test from the drop-down menu and click on
Accept Changes.

Step 5.

Click on Edit parameter to open a window with battery test


parameters.

Step 6.

Set the test parameters. See the table with explanation of each
parameter.

Step 7.

When you are done with the settings, click on Accept changes and
save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the
main screen.

Figure 47. Battery Test Parameter (constant current).

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6.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Supervision
In order to recognise damages to the battery at an early stage, PSC 3 provides
different methods to monitor the state of the batteries connected to the system.

6.3.1

System voltage supervision


The system voltage supervision function monitors the battery voltage and activates
events if the voltage exceeds the given limits.
S Ua high

Ua max
S Us high

Us max

Usys tc

Us min

S Us low
Ua min

S Ua low

Tbatt
Tc_low

20C

Tc_high

Figure 48. The behaviour of the system voltage supervision.

Parameter

Explanation

Ua max

Upper limit for system alarm voltage. If system voltage


rises above this value the event S Ua high is activated.
Not temperature compensated.
Ua min
Upper limit for system alarm voltage. If system voltage
falls below this value the event S Ua low is activated.
Not temperature compensated.
Us max
Upper limit for system safety voltage. If system voltage
rises above this value the event S Us high is activated.
Automatically temperature compensated.
Us min
Upper limit for system safety voltage. If system voltage
falls below this value the event S Us low is activated.
Automatically temperature compensated.
Hysteresis
Difference between the activated and deactivated level for
the events.
Suppress S Us low during
If this checkbox is activated the event S Us low is
mains failure
suppressed during mains failure. *
Suppress S Ua low during
If this checkbox is activated the event S Ua low is
mains failure
suppressed during mains failure. *
* Events already activated remain activate until the system voltage exceeds the
corresponding limit, regardless of these settings.

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6.3.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.4 USYS SUPERVIS..

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the ENTER


(requires password).

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.2 EQUALIZE
7.3 BOOST CHARGE
7.4 USYS SUPERVIS.

ENTER

7.4 USYS SUPERVI.


Ua max: 56.00 V
Ua min: 49.00 V
Us max: 54.30 V

7.4 USYS SUPERVI.


Us max: 54.30 V
Us min: 52.80 V
Hysteresis: 0.10 V

Figure 49. UIM / UIL menu for the system voltage supervision.

6.3.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > System Voltage Supervision.

Step 3.

Enter the parameters and activate settings, if needed. Then click on


Accept Changes. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

Figure 50. System Voltage Supervision Parameters.

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6.3.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Middle point measurement


For the middle point measurement the battery is divided into two blocks. The voltage
of the lower battery block is measured and compared with the calculated middle
point value computed out of the system voltage value Usys. If the difference
exceeds a given limit, the battery is considered as faulty. The battery middle point
voltage can be measured by PSC 3 itself or via SENSN devices.

Figure 51. The set-up for the middle point measurement.


When the voltage difference exceeds the given limit for at least 20s, a log entry is
generated and the events S MP Failure and S BattFail MP are activated. The event
S MP Failure stays active as long as the voltage difference is too high. The event S
BattFail MP remains active until it is manually reset.
Parameter

Explanation

Enable

Checkbox to enable battery middle point measurement.


To use this functionality a battery string configuration that
supports middle point measurement must be selected.
Total number of cells.
Note! Parameter located in menu Battery > Parameter
Number of cells below the measuring point.
Note! Parameter located in menu Battery > Parameter
Maximum for accepted voltage difference during float,
equalise or boost.
Maximum for accepted voltage difference during
discharge or battery test.

Number of Cells
Measure Point
Udiff charge
Udiff discharge

The parameter setting and the results of the middle point measurements are
available via UIM / UIL interface as well as via web Interface (s. next two
paragraphs)

6.3.2.1 UIM /UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.6 MIDDLE POINT..

Step 2.

Change the parameters (Udiff charge and Udiff discharge) by clicking on


the ENTER in the submenu 7.6.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the failure event S BattFail MP (or reset) in


submenu 7.6.2, check the measurement in submenu 7.6.3.

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7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.4 USYS SUPERV.
7.5 BATTERY TEST
7.6 MIDDLE POINT

CONTROLLER PSC 3
ENTER

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.1 PARAMETERS
Ud chrg: 1.00 V
Ud dischrg: 1.00 V

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok

ENTER

Reset

7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

Yes?

7.6 MIDDLE POINT


7.6.1 PARAMETERS
7.6.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.6.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.6.3

ENTER

MEASUREMENT
Batt1:
0.2 V

7.6.3
MEASUREMENT
Status:
ok
Udiff:
0.2 V

Figure 52. UIM /UIL menu for the middle point measurement.

6.3.2.2 Web interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Middle Point Measurement and set
the parameters for the middle point measurement. After changes click
on the Accept Changes button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 53. Middle Point Measurement Parameters.


Step 4.

Go to menu Battery > Test Results > Middle Point Measurement to


check the information

Figure 54. Middle Point Measurement Results.

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6.3.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Temperature difference (Tdiff)


Tdiff is the difference between battery temperature and ambient temperature. The
comparison is done perpetually. If the 2 temperatures differ more than a certain
value during more than 2 minutes a log entry is generated and the events S Tdiff
Failure and S BattFail T are activated. The event S Tdiff Failure remains active as
long as the temperature difference is too high. The event S BattFail T remains
active until it is manually reset.
Parameter

Explanation

Enable
Tdiff max
Tamb

Checkbox to enable Tdiff measurement.


Maximum acceptable temperature difference.
Input for ambient temperature. A temperature
measurement has to be assigned to this input.

The following information about the Tdiff measurement is available in the menu
Battery > Test Results > Tdiff Measurement or UIM / UIL menu 7.8.2 / 7.8.3.
Parameter

Explanation

Tdiff

Current temperature difference between ambient and


battery temperature.
Status of the "Tdiff" measurement. The following terms
are possible: inactive, ok, occurred, fail.
State of the event S BattFail T. The following terms are
possible: Ok, Active
The event can be reset manually.

Status
Failure Event

6.3.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 7.8 TDIFF.

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on ENTER in the submenu 7.8.1


(requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S BattFail T in submenu 7.8.2.

Step 4.

Check the Tdiff measurement information in submenu 7.8.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.6 MIDDLE POINT
7.7 IDIFF
7.8 TDIFF

ENTER

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.1 PARAMETERS
Tdiffmax: 30.0C

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

ENTER

7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

Yes?

7.8 TDIFF
7.8.1 PARAMETERS
7.8.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.8.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.8.3
MEASUREMENT
Tdiff:
0C

Figure 55. UIM /UIL menu for Tdiff measurement.

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6.3.3.2 Web interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Tdiff Measurement and enable the
function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter Tdiffmax and
the ambient temperature measurement. After changes click on the
Accept Changes button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 56. The Tdiff measurement parameters.

6.3.4

Current difference (Idiff)


The Idiff measurement calculates the deviation from the calculated average current
for each battery string. A current difference higher than the given limit is sign for a
faulty battery. Idiff is monitored during charge and discharge of the batteries. There
is a separate threshold for charging and discharging.
If the highest current difference exceeds the threshold for more than 20 seconds, a
log entry is generated and the events S Idiff Failure and S BattFail I are activated.
The event S Idiff Failure remains active, as long as the current difference is too high.
The event S BattFail I remains active until it is manually reset.
Parameter

Explanation

Enable
Idiffmax charge
Idiffmax discharge

Checkbox to enable Idiff measurement.


Allowed percentage of deviation during charge.
Allowed percentage of deviation during discharge.

The following information about the Idiff measurement is available in the menu
Battery > Test Results > Idiff Measurement or UIM / UIL menu 7.7.2 / 7.7.3.
Parameter

Explanation

Idiff

Highest deviation between a battery string current and


calculated average of all battery string currents.
Status of the "Idiff" measurement. The following terms are
possible: inactive, ok, occurred, fail.
State of the event S BattFail I. The following terms are
possible: Ok, Active
The event can be reset manually.

Status
Failure Event

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6.3.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to the UIM menu 7.7 TDIFF.

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the ENTER in the submenu


7.7.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S BattFail I in submenu 7.7.2.

Step 4.

Check the Tdiff measurement information in submenu 7.7.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.5 BATTERY TEST
7.6 MIDDLE POINT
7.7 IDIFF

ENTER

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.1 PARAMETERS
Idm chrg: 30 %
Idm dischrg: 30 %

ENTER

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

Reset

7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT


Status:
ok
Reset

Yes?

7.7 IDIFF
7.7.1 PARAMETERS
7.7.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.7.3 MEASUREMENT

ENTER

7.7.3
MEASUREMENT
Idiff:
0%

Figure 57. UIM / UIL menu for the Idiff measurement.

6.3.4.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Control > Idiff Measurement and enable the
function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter Idiffmax charge
and Idiffmax discharge. After changes click on Accept Changes.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 58. The Idiff measurement parameters.

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6.3.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Loss of Backup Time


The purpose of the Loss of the backup time function is to provide the user an early
warning in case the installed battery does not provide the expected back-up time.
Based on the set value for the expected backup time and the calculated effective
capacity, the PSC 3 calculates a corresponding maximum discharge current. If the
average load current during a period, which is equal to the backup time, exceeds
this calculated value the event S Backup Time Lost will be activated. This event
remains active until the reason has disappeared and the operator has manually
reset it.
Parameter

Explanation

Enable

Checkbox to enable the Monitoring Loss of Backup


Time.
The expected backup time.

Expected Backup Time

The function provides the following measurement and status.


Parameter

Explanation

Status

Status of the "Monitoring Loss of Backup Time". The


following terms are possible: inactive, not ok and ok.
The estimated backup time.

Estimated Backup Time

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6.3.5.1 UIM interface


Step 1.

Go to the UIM menu 7.11 BACKUP TIME.

Step 2.

Change the parameters by clicking on the ENTER in the submenu


7.11.1 (requires password).

Step 3.

Check the status of the event S Backup Time Lost in the submenu
7.11.2.

Step 4.

Check the Loss of backup time information in the submenu 7.11.3.

7. BATTERY FUNCT
7.9 SEP CHARGE
7.10 BATTERY PARA
7.11 BACKUP TIME

ENT
ER

7.11 BACKUP TIME


7.11.1 PARAMETERS
7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.11.3 MEASUREME.

ENTER

7.11.1 PARAMETERS
BT exp.: 60 min

7.11 BACKUP TIME


7.11.1 PARAMETERS
7.11.2 FAIL. EVENT
7.11.3 MEASUREME.

ENTER

7.11.3 MEASUREME.
Status: inactive
BT estim.:**** min

Figure 59. The loss of backup time menu in the UIM.

6.3.5.2 Web interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Battery > Parameter > Loss of Backup Time and enable
the function using the checkbox. Then define the parameter Expected
Backup Time. After changes click on the Accept Changes button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 60. Loss of back up time parameter.

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6.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Low Voltage Disconnection (LVD)


The low voltage disconnection (LVD) function protects the battery from a deep
discharge. During a mains failure, when the battery voltage drops below a threshold,
the PSC 3 activates an event that drives the relay of the battery disconnect (if
accordingly configured). The battery will be disconnected from the load until the
system voltage Usys rises back to acceptable values.

6.4.1

Configuration
The LVD is normally configured at the Delta factory. The following PSC 3
configuration instruction goes through the steps from the beginning, but it can also
be used as a guide to understand and edit the parameters.
To configure the PSC 3 and set the LVD in operation, all the hardware components
(LVD, driver board, cabling etc.) must be installed in the power system.
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool (web interface).

Step 2.

First an event and thresholds driving the LVD must be created. Go to the
menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions.

Step 3.

In the Event Definition Overview window, create a new event by


choosing a measurement the new LVD event is based on
(System voltage Usys) from the drop down menu New Event(s) on
Measurement. Then click on the Add button.

Step 4.

A new Threshold Editor window opens. Give a describing name for


the LVD event, such as LVD [U] to Too Low Event.

Step 5.

Set the parameters Lower Threshold and Lower Threshold


Hysteresis. The parameter Lower Threshold is the voltage threshold
for the LVD and the Lower Threshold Hysteresis is the parameter for
voltage returning to acceptable values. Then click on the Add New
Definition.

Step 6.

The next step is to define this event as a LVD event for the PSC 3,
which will enable some special functions such as LVD inhibit. Go to the
menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD.

Step 7.

In the LVD Overview window give a name for the LVD event, such as
LVD_1, and click on the Add. A new LVD Setup window opens.

Step 8.

Define the event that drives the LVD (defined earlier as LVD [U]) and
give a delay for activation if needed. Then click on the Add LVD. Now
the event is shown in the LVD Overview window, with the State and
an event L LVD_1 will appear to event lists. The prefix L in the event
name, describes it as LVD event.
Now the event driving the LVD has been created, but there must still be
assigned the correct output relay responsible for the activation and
deactivation of the LVD. Check the cabling.

Step 9.

62

Go to the menu: Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (if a PSC 3 Output is to be
assigned) or to menu Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup (if a SSM
Output is to be assigned), then select L LVD_1 from the drop-down list
to assign it the desired output number. Now click on the Accept
Changes button and, finally, save the settings permanently by clicking
on the Save button on the main screen.

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6.4.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu 1.5 LVD.

Step 2.

Check the status of LVD and if function Inhibit is active or not.

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.3 BATTERY
1.4 RECTIFIER
1.5 LVD

ENTER

1.5 LVD
)
LVD_1 *
)
PLD_1 *

ENTER

LVD_1 *
State:
false
Inhibit

ENTER

No

LVD_1 *
State:
false
Inhibit

Yes?

Figure 61. LVD menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.


Step 3.
6. CONFIGURATION
6.1 EVENT
6.2 USYS CALIBR

Check and adjust the voltage threshold in the menu


6.1.1 THRESHOLDS.

ENTER

6.1 EVENT
6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
)
LVD [U] *
)
PLD [U] *
)
FAN1 on *

ENTER

LVD[U] *
Measurement: Usys
Low Thres: 43.00V
Hysteresis: 7.00V

*) These Events are examples of user defined events (not system events).
Figure 62. Thresholds menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.

6.4.3

Web Iterface
Step 1.

Check the LVD thresholds from the menu:


Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions

Figure 63. The threshold editor window for the LVD event.

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Step 2.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Check the LVD Setup from the menu:


Configuration > System Architecture > LVD > Setup

Figure 64. LVD Setup window.


Step 3.

Select the L LVD_1 event from the drop-list of the menu Configuration >
I/O > (PSC 3 or SSM) and assign it the desired output relay. Click on the
Accept Changes button and save the settings permanently by clicking
on the Save button on the main screen

Figure 65. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.

Figure 66. SSM I/O Setup window.

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6.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Partial Load Disconnection (PLD)


With the partial load disconnection function it is possible to prioritise separate load
strings (e.g. for GSM and UMTS) during mains failure and battery discharge.
In the simplest case the disconnection in based on low voltage threshold.
The following configuration example is for a case where the disconnection is based
on three conditions: mains failure, low voltage threshold and time threshold from
mains failure. These three conditions are combined together to an event driving the
PLD relay with AND and OR conditions. When the conditions are fulfilled the
combined event and related relay are activated. If you are using only the voltage
threshold, the steps 1-6 and 18-19 of the instruction apply. This configuration can
only be done using the web interface.
This flexible functionality is enabled by the PSC 3s Signal Processing Engine, which
uses measurements to create events, and further combine them to serve different
functions (e.g. digital output relays).

6.5.1

Configuration
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool (web interface).

Step 2.

First an event and thresholds driving the PLD, based on system voltage,
must be created. Go to the menu: Configuration > Signal Processing
Engine > Event Definitions.

Step 3.

In the Event Definition Overview window, create a new event by


choosing the Usys measurement from the drop down menu New
Event(s) on Measurement as the bases for the new PLD event.
Then click on the Add button.

Step 4.

A new Threshold Editor window opens. Give a describing name for


the PLD event, such as PLD [U] to Too Low Event.

Step 5.

Set the parameters Lower Threshold and Lower Threshold


Hysteresis. The parameter Lower Threshold is the voltage threshold
for the PLD and the Lower Threshold Hysteresis is the parameter for
voltage returning to acceptable values. Then click on the Add New
Definition.

Step 6.

Create more voltage based events for the other PLDs with different
voltage thresholds. Use the same naming system
e.g. PLD2 [U], PLD3 [U]

Step 7.

The next step is to create a threshold based on time. The PSC 3 counts
time from the mains failure and if the defined time threshold is bypassed
the event is activated. Go to the menu:
Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing

Step 8.

In the Event Processing window, choose the Event Type as Filter


from the drop down menu at the bottom of the window. Then click on
Add button.

Step 9.

In the new Filtered Event window, give a describing name


e.g. PLD[t] for the new PLD event based on time filtering. Then choose
the event S Mainsfailure from the drop down menu as a base for the
time filtered event. Then define the TRUE and FALSE time thresholds.
The TRUE value is the delay for the event to be activated after mains
failure (e.g. 10 min for UMTS and 3h for GSM). The FALSE value is the

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delay for the event to be deactivated after mains is back on. When done,
click on the Add New Definition button.
Step 10.

Create more time filtered events for the other PLDs with different voltage
thresholds. Use the same naming system e.g. PLD2[t], PLD3[t]

Step 11.

The next step is to combine the voltage based events with a mains
failure condition. This combination will ensure that both the low voltage
and mains failure conditions are fulfilled (using an AND-condition) before
partial load disconnection.

Step 12.

This is done in the Event Processing menu as well. Choose the Event
Type as AND from the drop down menu at the bottom of the window.
Then click on Add button.

Step 13.

Name the new event as PLD1 [MF x U] (x is a symbol for AND).


Choose the events S Mainsfailure and PLD1 [U] as inputs for the
function. Then click on the Accept New Definition button. Add more
similar events, if needed.

Step 14.

The next step is to further combine the previous event(s) with a time
threshold from mains failure (with an OR-condition). This is done in the
same menu:
Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing

Step 15.

Choose the Event Type as OR from the drop down menu at the
bottom of the window. Then click on Add button.

Step 16.

In the new OR Event window, give a name e.g. PLD1 [MF x U + t]


(+ is a symbol for OR) for the new combined PLD event. Then choose
the events PLD1 [MF x U] and PLD1 [t] as OR conditions for the
event from the drop down menus. Create more combined events for the
PLDs with the same method.

Step 17.

Now the events and thresholds are created for the PLD function. The
next step is to define these combined events as LVD events for the
PSC 3, which will enable some special functions such as LVD inhibit.
Go to the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > LVD.

Step 18.

In the LVD Overview window give a name for the PLD event, such as
PLD_1, and click on the Add. A new LVD Setup window opens.
Choose the event PLD1 [MF x U + t] from the drop down menu for the
setting Event and click on Add LVD. Now the event is shown in the
LVD Overview window with the State and an event
L PLD_1 will appear to event lists. The prefix L in the event name,
describes it as LVD event.
Now the event driving the PLD has been created, but there must still be
assigned the correct output relay responsible for the activation and
deactivation of the PLD. Check the cabling.

Step 19.

66

Go to the menu: Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (if a PSC 3 Output is to be
assigned) or to menu Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup (if a SSM
Output is to be assigned) and define the LVD event L PLD_1 to the
desired output. Assign the further PLDs accordingly. Then click on the
Accept Changes button and save the settings permanently by clicking
on the Save button on the main screen.

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6.5.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to the menu 1.5 LVD.

Step 2.

Check the status of LVD and if function Inhibit is active or not.

1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.3 BATTERY
1.4 RECTIFIER
1.5 LVD

ENTER

1.5 LVD
)
LVD_1 *
)
PLD_1 *

ENTER

PLD_1 *
State:
false
Inhibit

ENTER

No

PLD_1 *
State:
false
Inhibit

Yes?

Figure 67. LVD menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.


Step 3.
6. CONFIGURATION
6.1 EVENT
6.2 USYS CALIBR

Check and adjust the voltage threshold in the menu


6.1.1 THRESHOLDS.

ENTER

6.1 EVENT
6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
)
LVD [U] *
)
PLD [U] *
)
FAN1 on *

ENTER

PLD[U] *
Measurement: Usys
Low Thres: 46.50V
Hysteresis: 3.50V

Figure 68. Thresholds menu in the UIM / UIL Interface.


*) These Events are examples of user defined events (not system events).

6.5.3

Web interface
Step 1.

Check the PLD thresholds for voltage from the menu:


Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Definitions

Figure 69. The threshold editor window for the PLD event based on voltage.

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Step 2.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Check the LVD Setup from the menu:


Configuration > System Architecture > LVD > Setup

Figure 70. The LVD setup window for the PLD.


Step 3.

Check the output event driving the PLD relay from the menu:
Configuration > I/O > SSM > Setup
Note! Check the correct output (SSM or PSC 3)

Figure 71. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.

Figure 72. SSM I/O Setup window.

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RECTIFIERS
A rectifier converts AC power to DC power to supply the load and charge the
batteries. The rectifier parameters (voltage, current etc.) are adjusted according to
the battery and load. The PSC 3 offers a comprehensive set of functions to control
and monitor different rectifiers, enabling the user to adjust the behaviour of the
rectifiers to meet the specific requirements. The communication between the
controller and rectifiers is established and maintained through a digital system bus
(IMBUS).
The exact functionality depends on the type of rectifier used. For details, which
functions are supported and which parameter ranges apply, read the appropriate
rectifier documentation. The following instructions go through the main functions
from the PSC 3 point of view, with step-by-step instructions.

7.1

Rectifier Overview
Analogue as well as digital rectifiers can be seen as a programmable voltage source
with the following input and output characteristics.

Input Charateristics
The rectifier starts working if the auxiliary supply starts operation, but if the input
voltage is outside the specified window, the rectifier works only in standby without
any power drain. This standby state is possible, if the input voltage is lower than
Input Low Off or if the voltage is higher than Input High Off.
If the input voltage is lower than Input Voltage Power Reduction or the temperature
is higher than the nominal temperature, the output power will be reduced. If the
temperature is higher than maximal temperature the rectifier switches off.
Note!

'Off' means in the following points 'standby'. The rectifier is really off only
if the auxiliary supply isn't operational. If the rectifier is really off, the
communication with PSC 3 is not possible.

reduced power

Pout

full power

Power Limit

t
ra
pe

)
m

e
ur

)
ax
(m

Input High Off

Input Low On

m
Te

o
(n

Input High On

ra

re
tu

V oltag e Input P owe r Reduction

pe
m
Te

Input Low Off

7.1.1

Input Voltage

Figure 73. Rectifiers input characteristics.

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7.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Output Characteristics
The rectifier's output static characteristic has three regions of operation as shown in
the figure below.
Mode: Voltage
The constant voltage mode is shown as a horizontal line in the figure below. This
mode stabilises the output voltage at the set or remotely controlled value. In the
system, the load sharing function additionally affects the voltage of the individual
rectifier.
Mode: Power Limit
The constant power mode (power = output voltage * output current = const) is
realised by the microcontroller by limiting the output power.
Mode: Current Limit
The constant current mode (output current = const) is an approximate line, limiting
the output current at the set value.
Output Voltage
Voltage Mode

Voltage

progra mming
ra nge

Voltage Max
Constant Power Mode

Voltage Min

Constant Current Mode

Current Limit

Figure 74. Rectifiers output characteristics.

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Output Current

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OPERATING MANUAL

7.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Parameters
After communication is first established between the rectifiers and the controller it is
possible to adjust the parameters with the controller. Without initial communication
to the power system controller Deltas rectifiers use their own default parameters.
With the controller the user can also adjust the default parameters, after the
communication is first established. The following parameters control the behaviour
of the rectifiers when the power system is not in normal operating mode, such as
start-up or low input voltage mode. The parameters for normal operating mode (float
charge mode), and for the whole power system, are adjusted elsewhere (e.g. battery
menu).
Selection:
Parameter

Explanation

Rectifier type

Selection of the rectifier type e.g. rectifier DPR 1200B-48

Default parameters (in use when no connection to the PSC 3):


Parameter

Explanation

Voltage
Current limit
Power limit

Output voltage of the rectifiers


Current limit of the rectifiers
Power limit of the rectifiers

Input voltage limits:


Parameter

Explanation

Input low off

Threshold (voltage) for shutting down the rectifiers when


input voltage is too low.
Threshold (voltage) for swicthing the rectifiers back on,
when input voltage returns back to acceptable values.

Input low on

Startup parameters:
Parameter

Explanation

Voltage
Current limit
Power limit
Limit time

Startup voltage for the rectifiers


Startup current limit for the rectifiers
Startup power limit for the rectifiers
The duration of the startup parameters. After this period
the normal parameters (float charge voltage etc.) are
taken into use.

Sequential startup:
Parameter

Explanation

Powerup delay

The delay in seconds, after which the first rectifier in the


group / system starts.
The total powerup time in seconds, during which all
rectifiers in the group / system are started. PSC 3 divides
this time by the number of rectifiers and starts each
rectifier one by one with the calculated delay.

Group powerup time

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7.2.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


These parameters can not be adjusted or viewed from the UIM / UIL.

7.2.2

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu: Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier


Grouping > Rectifier Group Editor

Step 3.

Adjust the parameters and click on the Accept Changes button. Then
save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the
main screen.

Figure 75. The rectifier group definition window.

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7.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Alarming
In case a rectifier is not working correctly or shuts down for some reason, the PSC 3
gives a rectifier failure alarm (RFA internal events: S Non Urg RFA or
S Urgent RFA). The rectifier is considered as faulty if at least one of the following
criteria is fulfilled:

Rectifier shut down by over temperature protection (OTP), over voltage


protection (OVP) or air flow failure

Load sharing error (voltage mode only)

Input voltage outside range (open MCB or faulty AC cabling)

Internal failure

The urgency of an alarm (Non Urgent or Urgent) can be adjusted with thresholds
provided by the PSC 3.
Parameter

Explanation

Failures for Non Urgent Alarm

A threshold for number of failed rectifiers that will activate


a Non Urgent Alarm for rectifier failure
(internal event: S Non Urg RFA)
A threshold for number of failed rectifiers that will activate
an Urgent Alarm for rectifier failure
(internal event: S Urg RFA)

Failures for Urgent Alarm

Rectifier Alarm State

Cause

S Non Urg RFA


(Non Urgent Recfier Failure
Alarm)

Number of faulty rectifiers Failures for Non Urgent Alarm


Number of working rectifiers > Number of config. rectifiers
Number of working rectifiers Number of configured
rectifiers - Failures for Non Urgent Alarm
Number of faulty rectifiers > Failures for Urgent Alarm
Number of working rectifiers Number of configured
rectifiers - Failures for Urgent Alarm

S Urgent RFA
(Urgent Recfier Failure Alarm)

Note!

7.3.1

If the event S Urgent RFA is activated, then S Non Urg RFA is


suppressed. During a mains failure both rectifier alarm events S Urgent
RFA and S Non Urg RFA are suppressed.

UIM / UIL Interface


An active rectifier alarm can be seen in the UIM / UIL menu:
Step 1.

Go to menu 3.1 ALARM LIST to check active alarms.

3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

S Non Urg RFA


S Non Urg RFA: true

Figure 76. Alarm list menu in the UIM / UIL.

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7.3.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface
Step 2.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 3.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Setup. Define the number of rectifier failures
that activate the Urgent Rectifier Failure Alarm and Non Urgent Rectifier
Failure Alarm. Check also that the number of rectifiers is correct. After
changes click on the Accept Changes button.

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 77. Rectifier Setup window.

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7.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Setup
After some period of time, the rectifier setup may need some modification. For
example the number of rectifiers may increase or a faulty rectifier might need to be
replaced by a new one. A rectifier can also be stopped for maintenance. It is also
possible that rectifier needs to be started manually after a shutdown caused by overvoltage or temperature protection. The following chapters instruct how to do the
above.

7.4.1

Adding new Rectifiers


After installation of additional rectifiers, the new rectifiers need to be confirmed to
the PSC 3. If this is not done within a certain time a non-urgent alarm arises.

7.4.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu8.1.2 SETUP - .1 RM NUMBER. Increment Number


by the number of added rectifiers or, alternatively, go to .2 RM NEW,
where the number of added modules appears and Acknowledge is
highlighted - then press the ENTER button and confirm again. These
operations are protected by password.

8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP
.1 RM NUMBER
.2 RM NEW
.3 RM LOST

ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER
Number:
2
Fail. for NUA: 1
Fail. for UA: 2

7.4.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Rectifier > Setup and click on the Acknowledge button for
the new rectifiers. This window also summarizes the status of the whole
rectifier system with numbers for installed, working (ok) and faulty
rectifiers. After Acknowledgement Rectifier installed field shows the
updated number; Rectifier new: should be 0.

Figure 78. Rectifier Setup window.

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Step 3.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

To avoid unexpected behaviour of the system, verify that none of the


rectifiers show an error. Go to menu Rectifier > Monitor. The window
shows the status and configuration status of each rectifier.

Figure 79. Rectifier Monitor window.


Clicking on Show module makes the Com-LED of the module blinking for one
minute to locate the module in the system. Clicking on Detaills opens a window
showing more information.
Step 4.

7.4.2

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Removing Rectifiers
After removal of rectifiers, the new number of modules need to be confirmed for the
PSC 3. If this is not done within a certain time a non-urgent alarm arises.

7.4.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Step 1.

Go to menu8.1.2 SETUP - .1 RM NUMBER. Decrement Number


by the number of removed rectifiers or, alternatively, go to .3 RM
LOST, where the number of removed modules appears and
Acknowledge is highlighted - then press the ENTER button and
confirm again. These operations are protected by password.

8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

76

ENTER

8.1.2 SETUP
.1 RM NUMBER
.2 RM NEW
.3 RM LOST

20.06.2008

ENTER

.1 RM NUMBER
Number:
3
Fail. for NUA: 1
Fail. for UA: 2

Energy Systems
OPERATING MANUAL

CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.4.2.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Setup and click on the Acknowledge button
for the lost rectifiers.

Figure 80. Rectifier Setup window.


Step 3.

Same as Step 3 in paragraph 7.4.1.2.

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

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7.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Efficiency Mode and Cycling


The rectifiers are able to communicate with the PSC 3 using advanced
communication protocols. This allows optimising the system performance by
controlling the rectifiers individually. The PSC 3 software currently supports a
Rectifier Efficiency Mode with Rectifier Cycling to adapt the power supply to a
momentary load, which reduces power losses and increases the system efficiency.
In addition, with the Forced Rectifier Cycling, it is possible to avoid always using
the same rectifiers to feed power to the system.

7.5.1

Rectifier Efficiency Mode


The Rectifier Efficiency Mode allows to run only as many rectifiers as needed for an
optimum overall system performance for a momentary load. Several parameters are
required to specify how many rectifiers are allowed to be turned off and still be able
to react on instantly increasing power demand. The rectifiers that are turned off are
cycled to make sure all of them are operating correctly even if PSC 3 has turned
them off. The following figure shows an example how it works.
P

switch off
1 rectifier/T

switch on
>=1 rectifier/T

Prectifier
Maximum
Load Step

Pload

Minimum
Load Power

sample period
T=1min

Figure 81. Graphical illustration of the rectifier efficiency mode.


Parameter

Explanation

Enable
Limit Switching Times

Checkbox for enabling the function.


Number of maximum OFF commands per day and per
rectifier.
To force the efficiency mode at least once per month to
change the rectifiers currently switched on and off
This value has to be set according to the load
requirements. With batteries this value is not as critical.
But without batteries, it must be set to a value that the
load change within a period T never exceeds the value.
Otherwise the system power cannot be guaranteed.
This value helps in case the system has no batteries. It is
the value the system can guarantee to always deliver.

Force Switching Once Per


Month
Maximum Load Step

Minimum Load Power

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.5.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface


These parameters cannot be adjusted using the UIM / UIL.

7.5.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Efficiency Cycling and enable the
function using the checkbox. Then give the parameters for Maximum
Load Step and Minimum Load Power. Enable also the additional
functions if needed: Limit Switching Times or Force Switching Once
per Month. Then click on the Accept Changes button.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Figure 82. Rectifier Efficiency Cycling window.

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7.6

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Power Limitation by Event


This feature gives a possibility to save costs by using under-dimensioned generator
sets for power supply during mains outages. In this case the generator gives only a
part of the power needed, while the battery delivers the rest. So the battery is being
partially discharged but the backup time can be extended. This is achieved by
decreasing the rectifier output power during genset operation.

7.6.1

UIM / UIL Interface


This function cannot be activated / controlled using the UIM / UIL.

7.6.2

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Power Limitation by Event and
enable the function using the checkbox. Then enter the parameter for
Max. Total Rectifier Power and select the Activate input from the
drop-down list (this input has to be installed and configured first, off
course). Then click on Accept Changes.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

The function starts and stops according the status of the specified Activate Input.

Figure 83. Power Limitation by Event window.

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7.7

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Recharge Power Supervision


The controller monitors the power demand and reacts in case the system is no more
able to recharge the battery within the expected time. This happens e.g. if additional
equipment has been installed but the increase of power requirement has not been
realized. The internal event S RM Lack of Power is set, if the Estimated Recharge
Time is two times bigger than Expected Recharge Time and hence informs that
additional rectifiers are needed.

7.7.1

UIM / UIL Interface


The function can only be enabled via Web interface.
Step 1.

Go to menu 8.2.1 PARAMETERS and enter the Expected recharge


Time.

Step 2.

Go to menu 8.2.2 STATUS to read the Status and the Estimated


recharge Time.

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 RECHARGE
8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER

8.2 RECHARGE
8.2.1 PARAMETERS
8.2.2 STATUS

8.2.1 PARAMETERS
Expect. RT: 10 min

ENTER

8.2.1 PARAMETERS
Expect. RT: 0010

8.2 RECHARGE
8.2.1 PARAMETERS
8.2.2 STATUS

7.7.2

ENTER

ENTER

8.2.2 STATUS
Status:
ok
Estim. RT: 9 min

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Recharge Power Supervision.


Enable the function by clicking onto the checkbox. Enter the Expected
(minimum) Recharge Time, then click on Accept Changes.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Step 4.

The status of the function and the estimated (= computed) recharge time
are visible in the same window

Figure 84. Recharge Power Supervision window.

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7.8

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Redundancy Supervision
The controller measures the load power every minute and compares it to the
available power from the rectifiers and calculates the real number of redundant
modules. If the result falls in two adjacent samples below the given parameter
Expected Number of redundant RM, the internal event S RM Redundancy Lost
is set and informs that additional rectifiers are needed. The reason for lost
redundancy could be the same as mentioned in 7.7 Recharge Power Supervision.

7.8.1

UIM / UIL Interface


The function can only be enabled via Web interface.
Step 1.

Go to menu 8.3.1 PARAMETERS and enter the number of Expected


Number of redundant RM.

Step 2.

In 8.3.2 STATUS read Status and real number of redundant RM.

8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 RECHARGE
8.3 REDUNDANCY

ENTER

8.3 REDUNDANCY
8.3.1 PARAMETERS
8.3.2 STATUS

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS
Redundant RM: 2

ENTER

8.3.1 PARAMETERS
Redundant RM: 002

8.3 RECHARGE
8.3.1 PARAMETERS
8.3.2 STATUS

7.8.2

ENTER

8.3.2 STATUS
Status: inactive
Redundant RM: 0

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Rectifier > Functions > Redundancy supervision. Enable


the function by clicking onto the checkbox. Enter the Expected Number
of redundant RM, then click on Accept Changes.

Step 3.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Step 4.

The status of the function and the current number of redundant RM are
visible in the same window

Figure 85. Redundancy Supervision window.

7.9

Rectifier AC Measurement
Description see 9.3 Internal AC Measurement

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7.10

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Rectifier Positioning
The individual rectifier control of the offers a function called Rectifier Positioning.
Each rectifier can be assigned a a physical location in the system. To operate this
functionality correctly, the PSC 3 must know the entire setup of the system
(available cabinets, shelves and slots). A RPAG board (Rectifier Positioning
Address Generator) and the necessary cabling and distribution board must be
installed in each shelf or cabinet of the power system. Cabinet or shelf
arrangements / schemes are possible, depending on the rectifier type.

7.10.1 Cabinet Scheme


This type of arrangement is used if the shelf identification is not necessary (e.g.
systems with DPR 7200B-48 rectifiers = one rectifier / shelf). With this scheme up to
16 cabinets are possible. Each cabinet has up to 16 slots. Although 256 different
slot addresses are possible the system size is limited to 128 rectifies. For each
cabinet requires its own RPGA board. The rectifier name consists of cabinet and slot
address (e.g. RM 1.1 or RM 2.4).
Cabinet 1

Cabinet 2

Cabinet 16

RPAG
ID = 0x1

RPAG
ID = 0x2

RPAG
ID = 0x0

RM 1.1

RM 2.1

RM 16.1

RM 1.2

RM 2.2

RM 16.2

RM 1.3

RM 2.3

RM 16.3

RM 1.4

RM 2.4

RM 16.4

RM 1.5

RM 2.5

RM 16.5

RM 1.6

RM 2.6

RM 16.6

RM 1.7

RM 2.7

RM 16.7

RM 1.8

RM 2.8

RM 16.8

RM 1.9

RM 2.9

RM 16.9

RM 1.10

RM 2.10

RM 16.10

RM 1.11

RM 2.11

RM 16.11

RM 1.12

RM 2.12

RM 16.12

Figure 86. Cabinet Scheme.


Parameter

Explanation

Cabinet ID

Identifier of the cabinet. This number is used to generate


the rectifier name.
Name of the cabinet. This parameter will be used for a
future graphical representation of the system.

Name
Rectifier Slots

Checkbox for the available slots

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7.10.1.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


Only new or lost rectifiers can be acknowledged through the UIM interface. For more
information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

7.10.1.2

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier


Positioning Definition and click on Change in the Scheme Type
section of the window.

Figure 87. Rectifier Positioning Definition window


Step 3.

Choose the positioning scheme cabinet, then click on the Accept


Changes button.

Step 4.

Add a cabinet by choosing Cabinet ID and clicking on the Add


cabinet button.

Step 5.

A new Rectifier Positioning Editor window opens. Choose the rectifier


slots (checkboxes) that are available for use in the cabinet. You can also
edit the cabinet name in this window. After changes click on the Accept
Changes button.

Figure 88. Rectifier Positioning Editor window.


Step 6.

84

Click on the Accept Changes button in the Rectifier Positioning


Definition window. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

7.10.2 Shelf Scheme


This type is used for systems having the rectifiers arranged in shelves (e.g. systems
with FR 48V-2000W-E, DPR 1200B-48, DPR 600B-48 rectifiers). With this
scheme up to 16 shelves are possible. To each shelf a cabinet can be assigned.
Every shelf consists of up to 16 slots. Although 256 different slot addresses are
possible the system size is limited to 128 rectifies. Each shelf requires its own
RPGA board. The rectifier name consists of cabinet address, shelf address and slot
address (e.g. RM 1.1.1 or RM 1.3.7).
Cabinet 1

Cabinet x

RM
1.1.1

RM
1.1.2

RM
1.1.7

RM
1.1.8

RPAG
ID = 0x1

Shelf 1

RM
1.2.1

RM
1.2.2

RM
1.2.7

RM
1.2.8

RPAG
ID = 0x2

Shelf 2

RM
1.3.1

RM
1.3.2

RM
1.3.7

RM
1.3.8

RPAG
ID = 0x3

Shelf 3

RM
RM
x.14.1 x.14.2

RM
RM
x.14.7 1.16.8
x.14.8

RPAG
ID = 0xE

Shelf 14

RM
RM
x.15.1 x.15.2

RM
RM
x.15.7 1.16.8
x.15.8

RPAG
ID = 0xF

Shelf 15

RM
RM
x.16.1 x.16.2

RM
RM
x.16.7 x.16.8

RPAG
ID = 0x0

Shelf 16

Figure 89. Shelf Scheme.


Parameter

Explanation

Shelf ID

Identifier of the shelf. This number is used to generate the


rectifier name.
Name of the shelf. This parameter will be used for a future
graphical representation of the system.

Name
Cabinet ID
Rectifier Slots

7.10.2.1

Identifier of the cabinet. This number is used to generate


the rectifier name.
Checkbox for the available slots

UIM / UIL Interface


Only new or lost rectifiers can be acknowledged through the UIM interface. For more
information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

7.10.2.2

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > System Architecture > Rectifier Positioning


Definition and click on Change in the Scheme Type section of the
window.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

Figure 90. Rectifier Positioning Definition window.


Step 3.

Choose scheme: shelf. Then click on Accept Changes.

Step 4.

Add a shelf by choosing Shelf ID and clicking on Add Shelf.

Step 5.

A new Rectifier Positioning Editor window opens. Select the rectifier


slots (checkboxes) that are available for use in the shelf, and define the
cabinet the shelf is located in. You can also edit the shelf name in this
window. After changes click on the Accept Changes button.

Figure 91. The rectifier positioning editor window.


Step 6.

Click on the Accept Changes button in the Rectifier Positioning


Definition window. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

7.10.3 Slot Population


Each change in the rectifier slot population must be confirmed. The system
controller needs this information for error detection like incorrect cabling or faulty
rectifiers. Pressing the acknowledge new button marks a slot equipped with
rectifier as populated. Pressing the acknowledge lost button marks an empty slot
as not populated. Commissioning, extending or reducing the system size, but also
changing the physical position of a rectifier in the system requires a confirmation of
the slot population. Replacing rectifiers and using the same slot does not require the
confirmation. For more information see chapters 7.4.1 and 7.4.2.

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CONTROLLER PSC 3

ALARMS
Alarms are an important aspect of the reliability of a power system. Well designed
alarm handling can notify the user of an unexpected behaviour of the power system,
in case of a mains failure, low voltage, rectifier failure etc. The PSC 3 controller
offers flexible alarm handling in a form of the Signal Processing Engine.
Different measurement signals, such as voltage, of the power system can be
connected to the PSC 3 for further processing. By setting different thresholds for the
measurements in the Signal Processing Engine the user can create events. Events
can be mapped directly to an output or used again as an input for further signal
processing with Boolean logic (AND, OR, Inversion) and other building blocks
(Filter).
It is recommended that the events that are used for the relay outputs are defined as
alarm events; though attaching a normal event directly to a relay is possible as well.
Defining an event as Alarm (or LVD) event adds additional functionality and
behaviour to them. The PSC 3 controller offers enhanced alarm maintenance
functionality, providing help for installation and debugging purposes. Each alarm can
be forced to a certain value or can be frozen for a while. For identifying the alarm
source, PSC 3 offers also an alarm inspection function, which simplifies the
identification of the real alarm source, e.g. if the alarm is the result of a more
complicated logical combination. All events can also be added to the logged events
(system log).
The Figure 92 describes the logic behind the controllers signal processing (read the
chart from left to right).

Figure 92. The PSC 3 signal processing for alarms, log and relays.

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8.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Measurements
All signals that are to be processed by the PSC 3 controller must be defined as
measurements. Some of them (so-called system measurements) are predefined and
others are generated automatically by defining other system components. There are
three different types of measurements available: Digital, Analogue and Temperature
measurements.
Digital Measurement
A digital measurement has an adjustable switching level for both directions using the
threshold and hysteresis setting. This can be used for conditioning even very noisy
signal sources.
Analogue Measurement
The analogue measurement is used to monitor voltage signals. The measured
voltage may be corrected in a certain range by calibration.
Temperature Measurement
A temperature measurement converts the signal directly to a temperature value. The
measured temperature may be calibrated if necessary.
Note!

8.1.1

Before creating a measurement to the PSC 3 check that the hardware


supports the measurement.

Parameter

Type

Explanation

Name
Inverted
Threshold
Hysteresis

All
Digital
Digital
Digital

Name of the measurement


Check the checkbox, if invertion is required
Switching level
Hysteresis between activation and deactivation

UIM / UIL Interface


Measurements can only be created using the web interface.

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8.1.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine >


Measurements. Choose the type (Digital, Analogue or Temperature) for
the New Measurement from the dropdown menu and click on Add.

Figure 93. Measurements window.


Step 3.

Define the parameters in the measurement window. The example below


is for Digital Measurement. After changes, click on the Accept
Changes button. The view returns to the Measurements window.

Figure 94. Digital Measurement.


Step 4.

The measurement has now been created, but the assignment to the
correct PSC 3 input is still required. Go to menu Configuration > I/O.
Check the hardware and choose the PSC 3 module that the measuring
hardware is connected to (e.g. PSC 3 itself) from the I/O menu.

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Figure 95. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.


Step 5.

8.2

Now choose the measurement, created earlier, from the drop-down


menu. After changes, click on the Accept Changes button. Save the
settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the main
screen.

Event Definitions
In order to use the signal processing engine together with analogue (including
temperature) measurements, they must be digitised first. Defining a threshold and a
hysteresis value for the measurement does this. Each definition, made up of a
threshold value and a hysteresis, must have a unique name. The result of this
definition is an event. In the PSC 3 some internal system events are created by
default at the Delta factory. The threshold editor within the Event Definition allows
defining both polarities of events. As many different thresholds as needed per
measurement can be defined.

8.2.1

Parameter

Explanation

Too High Event


Upper Threshold
Upper Threshold Hysteresis
Lower Threshold Hysteresis
Lower Threshold
Too Low Event

Name of the Too High event


Value of the Too High event
Hysteresis to deactivate the Too High event
Hysteresis to deactivate the Too Low event
Value of the Too Low event
Name of the Too Low event

UIM / UIL Interface


Only the thresholds and hysteresis of already defined events can be edited here:
Step 1.

6. CONFIGURATION
6.1 EVENT
6.2 USYS CALIBR

Go to menu 6.1.1 THRESHOLDS. Choose the event you want to edit


and press on ENTER. Then adjust the threshold and hysteresis to
desired values.

ENTER

6.1 EVENT
6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
6.1.2 DELAYS

ENTER

6.1.1 THRESHOLDS
)
LVD [U] *
)
PLD [U] *
)
FAN1 on *

ENTER

Figure 96. Example of an Event Threshold / Hysteresis.

90

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LVD[U] *
Measurement: Usys
Low Thres: 43.00V
Hysteresis: 7.00V

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OPERATING MANUAL

8.2.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event


Definitions.

Step 3.

Choose a measurement from the dropdown menu New Event(s) on


Measurement, and click on the Add button.

Step 4.

A new Threshold Editor window opens. Give a name or names to the


new event(s) and define the parameters (thresholds and hysteresis).
Then click on the Add New Definition button. The event definition has
now been created. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

Figure 97. Threshold Editor window.

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8.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Event Processing
All events, the system defaults as well as the events created by the user, can further
be processed combining them with Boolean Logic (AND, OR, Inversion) or using a
filter function with the event. An example of such a combined event is described in
Paragraph 6.5
AND event
The AND event is active, if both source events are active.
Parameter

Explanation

Event
1st source event
2nd source event

Unique name for the AND event


Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.
Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.

OR event
The OR event is active, if one or more of the source events are active.
Parameter

Explanation

Event
1st source event
2nd source event
3rd .. 8th source event

Unique name for the OR event


Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.
Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.
if required. Unique source names (event) required.

Inverted event
The Inverted event is active when the source event is not active and vice-versa.
Parameter

Explanation

Event
Function source event

Unique name for the inverted event


Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.

Filtered event
The event follows the state of a source event only if / when the time thresholds
TRUE and FALSE are passed.
Parameter

Explanation

Event
Function source event
TRUE for min.

Unique name for the filtered event


Mandatory. Unique source name (event) required.
When the source event remains active for the specified
time (TRUE) the filtered event is activated.
When the source event has been deactivated for the
specified time (FALSE) the filtered event is de-activated.

FALSE for min.

Latched event
A RS Latch can be used to latch a TRUE state as long as it is not reset by the Reset
input or reset manually within the maintenance window for RS Latch.
Parameter

Explanation

Event
Source event of function Set

Unique name for the latched event


Mandatory. S Always False can be assigned to this
input, if only manual triggering is required.
Mandatory. S Always False can be assigned to this
input, if only manual resetting is required.

Source event of function


Reset

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8.3.1

CONTROLLER PSC 3

UIM / UIL Interface


The event processing cannot be modified using the UIM / UIL; merely the thresholds
and hysteresis of source events can be edited (s. chapter 8.2 ); the RS Latch
handling is described in chapter 12.3 .

8.3.2

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu
Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing.

Step 3.

At the bottom of the Event Processing window you can create new
events. Define the Event Type from the drop down menu (AND, OR,
Inverted, Filtered) and click on the Add button.

Step 4.

In the new window give a unique name for the new processed event and
define the parameters. Then click on the Add New Definition button.

Step 5.

The view returns to the Event Processing window. Click on the Accept
Changes button. Save the settings permanently by clicking on the
Save button on the main screen.

Figure 98. Event Processing window.

Figure 99. OR Event definition window.

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8.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Alarm Setup
Defining an event as an alarm event adds additional functionality and behaviour to it:

The alarm events are internally inverted for the relay outputs. An alarm event
(alarm active) releases the relay and therefore the alarm active status is also
present if the system is not powered. In other words, when alarm is not active
the relay is Normally Open (NO) and when alarm is activated the relay switches
to Normally Closed (NC).

Only alarm events can be inhibited, in the output relays, with the function Alarm
Stop. This is useful during maintenance when alarms are normal, but do not
require any actions. The critical alarms are usually driving some relays that
activate external alarming systems. These alarms can be quickly inhibited with
the Alarm Stop function (button Stop Alarms at the top of the browser window
or menu 3.2 ALARM STOP in the UIM interface).

Only the alarm events are displayed on the UIM interface when they are active
(menu 3.1 ALARM LIST).

Note!

8.4.1

The events defined as alarms receive automatically a prefix A in front


of the event name.

UIM / UIL Interface


Defining events as alarms cannot be done here. The UIM / UIL Interface displays
active alarms and LED assignment, and the Alarm Stop function is also available.
3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

94

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm
S Ua low:

true

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Urgent Alarm
S Non Urg RFA

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP

ENTER

Stop

S Non Urg RFA


S Non Urg RFA: true

3.2 ALARM STOP


Stop

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Yes?

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8.4.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Alarm > Setup

Figure 100. Alarm Setup window.


Step 3.

Choose an event, that you wish to have as an alarm event, from the
Non-Alarm Events list and click on the Add>> button. The event
will appear on the Removable user alarm events list.

Note!

The Non-Removable list is a list of events that are defined as alarms,


and have been taken into use by some function. These events can not
be removed from the alarm event list before they are disabled from the
use of the function or functions.

Step 4.

Go to menu Maintenance > Alarm. Click on the Alarm Stop


checkboxes of those events that you wish to be affected by the Alarm
Stop function. Then click on Accept Changes.

Figure 101. Alarm Maintenance window.


Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


top-left corner of the main screen.

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8.5

CONTROLLER PSC 3

I/O (Relays, LEDs and other Indicators)


The internally defined alarm events ca be assigned a relay for an external alarming
system, and / or a LED integrated to the UIM / UIL interface. Also external alarms
can be connected to the PSC 3 and to the signal processing engine for further
processing, using the digital input interfaces of the PSC 3.

8.5.1

UIM / UIL Interface


The assignment of alarm events for I/O can only be done using the web interface.
The LED assignment of the PSC 3 is displayed in the UIM / UIL menu 3.3 LED
ASSIGNMENT:
ENTER

3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.5.2

S Urgent

Alarm->
S Non Urg Alarm->
S Alarm Stop->
S Mainsfailure->
Usys too high->

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Configuration > I/O > PSC3 (or SSM). Figure 102 below
shows an example with relays located on the PSC 3.

Step 3.

Choose the events for the Digital Outputs from the drop down menus,
and check the cabling for external alarms according to the configuration.

Default settings:

Figure 102. PSC 3 Alarm Relay connections.

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Step 4.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

The possible external input events can be chosen for the correct PSC 3
interfaces in this menu (Digital Inputs). For the external events to appear
in the drop down menu, they need to firstly be created in the event
definition menu.

Figure 103. PSC 3 I/O Setup window.


Step 5.

The next step is to define the LED and buzzer assignments. Go to menu
Configuration > I/O > User Interface:

Figure 104. User Interface window.


Step 6.

Choose the alarms or events that light the PSC 3 LEDs. In case you
wish to use a buzzer (integrated in UIM but not in UIL), choose the event
that activates the buzzer from the drop down menu.

Step 7.

If you wish to have the Stop Alarms button visible on the top of the
browser page, click on the checkbox Display an Alarm Stop Button.

Step 8.

With the UIM / UIL interface it is possible to adjust the battery


parameters and activate the Alarm Stop function. These actions require
a password. If this is not needed, the password requests can be
deactivated here. Click on the corresponding checkbox.

Step 9.

After changes click on the Accept Changes button and save the
settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the top-left
corner of the main screen.

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8.6

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Internal Events and Alarms


The PSC 3 controller internally generates some measurements and events. They
have a prefix "S" in front of the event name, and the name cannot be changed or
deleted. In addition to the system events, the PSC 3 automatically generates some
events when functions are taken in to use (e.g. LVD). These events receive a prefix
as well, which describes to purpose or use of the event. The different prefixes are
described in the table below.
Prefix

Explanation

Alarm event. If an Alarm is configured based on an event named e.g. Batt1,


then the system generates an event called A Batt1 which then can be
assigned to the real output.
LVD open event for LVD supervision. If e.g. a Battery String named Batt1
with an integrated LVD supervision is configured, then the system
automatically generates an event called D Batt1 which then can be used for
further Signal Processing.
Current measurement of a Battery or Load String. If a Battery is configured
which is called e.g. Batt1, then the system automatically generates a
measurement called IBatt1 which then can be used for further Signal
Processing.
LVD event. If an LVD with e.g. name DiscLoad1 is configured, then the
system generates an event called L DiscLoad1 which then can be assigned
to the real output.
System Events. These events are PSC 3 internal events.

These events do not necessarily activate any external alarms by default. If you wish
that a specific internal event be included in the Urgent or Non Urgent Alarms, you
need to add them to the alarm definitions. The definitions of Urgent Alarm and Non
Urgent Alarm are located in the web interface menu:
Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event Processing
For more information read chapter 8.3 Event Processing.
The table below describes the internal system events, which exist by default in the
PSC 3 controller.

98

Event name

Explanation

S LVD inhibited

This event can be used as an additional alarm indication or


warning, when the LVD inhibit has been selected.

S Mainsfailure

Mains failure detected.

S Overload

If the system should be in float mode, and the battery current


is negative (discharging).

S External MF

External Mains failure condition detected.

S Urgent Alarm

Internal
which is "S Usys low" OR "S Urgent RFA" by default.

S Non Urg Alarm

Internal
event,
which is "S HW Failure" OR "S Non Urg RFA" by default.

S Urgent RFA

Adjustable, by default active if 2 or more rectifiers failed.

S Non Urg RFA

Adjustable, by default active if 1 rectifier failed.

S Alarm suppr.

This event can be used as an additional alarm indication or


warning, when the Alarm Stop has been selected.

S Ua high

System voltage above alarm limit.

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8.7

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Event name

Explanation

S Ua low

System voltage below alarm limit.

S Us high

System
voltage
above
(temperature compensated).

S Us low

System voltage below safety limit (temperature compensated).

S EQinProgress

Battery equalize in progress.

S BCinProgress

Boost charge in progress.

S BTinProgress

Battery test in progress.

S BattFail BT

At
least
one
battery
The user has to reset this event.

S MP Failure

At least one middle point measurement outside limit.

S BattFail MP

Sticky Battery Middle Point measurement failure.

S SCinProgress

Separate charge in progress

S BatteryFan

An event used for battery management, where a FAN could be


attached to the system if equalise or boost functions are
started.

S Tdiff Failure

Failure of temperature difference between battery and ambient

S Idiff Failure

Battery Current difference failure

S BattFail T

Sticky Battery failure due to temperature difference

S BattFail I

Sticky Battery failure due to current difference

S Backup Time Lost

Event indicating that the battery backup time has been lost.

S Efficiency OL

The total load of the system is too high such, as the load step
reserve cannot be guaranteed anymore.

S HW Failure

A system hardware failure has been detected. This can be a


temperature sensor, a SENSN, a SSM or PSC 3 internal
failure.

S RM Setup Err

Configuration error of rectifiers

S RM Pos Error

Event indicating that new unconfirmed rectifiers are in the


system.

S RM Pos new RM

Event indicating that at least one rectifier is in a wrong slot or


at least one rectifier has no positioning capability.

S RM Power Limit

Event indicating that the rectifier power limitation by an event


is activated.

S Modem Failure

Modem failure.

safety

test

was

limit

failed.

Alarm Tracing
When an alarm has been detected and activated according to the configuration
(relay output, LED, buzzer), the alarm source and original problem causing the
alarm needs to be traced. The PSC 3 controller offers excellent alarm tracing
possibilities, even remotely from an operating and maintenance centre (OMC).
This feature is enabled with the PSC 3 web user interface (PSC 3 Configuration and
Supervision Tool).
The initial alarm is usually caused by a single event within a combination of events,
and the alarm gives just an indication of a problem in the system. With the alarm
inspection function the user has the possibility to easily navigate through the whole
hierarchy of the logical combinations using the buttons Inspect and Back of the
PSC 3 web user interface, and get to the root of problem.

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Signal Processing Engine

Outputs: Event

Event Processing
true
false

false

&

Alarms

false
true

>1

true
true

&

Alarm definition

active

Alarm

true

Inspection

Figure 105. Alarm Inspection.

8.7.1

UIM /UIL Interface


The UIM / UIL interface displays active alarms in the menu 3.1 ALARM LIST. The
cause of the alarm can be inspected by pressing the ENTER button. The UIM
displays the state True (active) of the event causing the alarm.
3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.7.2

100

ENTER

3.1 ALARM LIST


S Urgent Alarm

ENTER

S Urgent Alarm
S Ua low:

true

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Alarm > Status

Step 3.

The window displays all events that are defined as alarms, with the
status. In case the alarm event comprises of several events with a
condition, the window displays also an Inspect button.

Step 4.

Click on the Inspect button to check what event is causing the alarm.

Step 5.

A new Alarm Status Inspection window opens, which displays the


events and conditions of the alarm in the Branches section, as well as
the status of each event. From this view it is usually possible to see the
cause of the alarm. In case the event has more events behind its
definition, clicking on the Inspect button until the cause of the alarm
has been identified can check these events.

Step 6.

When the event has been identified, it is possible to start the corrective
actions. The internal system events are described in 8.6 Internal Events
and Alarms.

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Figure 106. Alarm Status window.

Figure 107. Alarm Cause Inspection window.

8.8

Alarm Maintenance
The PSC 3 offers some enhanced functionality to suppress alarms during system
maintenance. An alarm can be suppressed by selecting the Frozen radio button in
the Alarm Maintenance window, which is located in the menu Alarm > Maintenance.
Alternatively it is also possible to use the radio button Reset to disable alarm
forwarding. In this menu it is also possible to add the Alarm Stop functionality to the
alarm events. If the Alarm Stop function is enabled for an alarm event (the
checkbox), the alarm will be inhibited for the output relay when Alarm Stop is
activated.

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Parameter

Explanation

Event
Event State
normal, frozen, set, reset

Name of the alarm event


The true state of the event; false or true
Normal = event behaves as configured
Frozen = event is frozen
Set = event is forced to be active
Reset = event is forced to be ok
The displayed state of the event
Checkbox to enable the Alarm Stop function for an event

Alarm State
Alarm Stop

8.8.1

UIM / UIL Interface


Alarms can be stopped for the output relays using the Alarm Stop function in the
menu 3.2 ALARM STOP.
3. ALARM
3.1 ALARM LIST
3.2 ALARM STOP
3.3 LED ASSIGNMENT

8.8.2

ENTER

3.2 ALARM STOP


Stop

3.2 ALARM STOP


Stop

Yes?

Web Interface
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Maintenance > Alarm

Step 3.

Manipulate the alarms according to the needs by choosing the wished


state of the alarm event and clicking on the Accept Changes button.

Step 4.

Enable the Alarm Stop function by choosing the checkbox for the alarm
event, and by clicking on the Accept Changes button.

Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


top-left corner of the main screen.

Figure 108. Alarm Maintenance window.

102

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AC MEASUREMENTS
Power systems are usually connected to three mains phases L1, L2, L3 (with neutral
N or without). With an external AC-measurement device and a gateway from
MODBUS to IMBUS, the measurements like phase-neutral or phase-phase
voltages, currents and others can be obtained and can be observed via WEB
access.
In addition to the solution with an external measurement module, PSC 3 offers a
simply way to measure the mains voltages using the connected rectifiers.

9.1

Selecting the AC Measurement Type


This can only be done by means of the Web Interface.
Step 1.

Got to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > System


Parameter

Step 2.

Select external or internal - single phase RM from drop down menu

Step 3.

Klick on Accept Changes

Figure 109. System Parameter window.


Mains > Control > Phase Failure

Figure 110. Phase Failure Control window.


Phase failure detection can be enabled only if an AC Measurement Type is
configured.

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9.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

External AC Measurement
The AC parameters are measured by an external three phase AC measurement
device which is connected over a gateway to the PSC 3.

9.2.1

Configuring the AC Meaurement Device and the ACM1 Gateway


The ACM1 is a gateway between the PSC 3 (IMBUS) and an external 3 phases ACmeasurement device (using RS 485 interface with MODBUS protocol). The
commissioning procedure is possible by means of the Web Interface only.

Figure 111. ACM1 AC Measurement Gateway Module


Following AC measurement devices are supported:
Device

Manufacturer

MULT-K
KRON
DIRIS Ap
Socomec
DIRIS A40
MTDN3
General Electric
MTDN1
General Electric
Reserved for future use

Communication-Parameters
Baudrate
9600

Data/Parity/Stop
8 / odd / 1

Addr.
1

Pos 0

9600

8 / odd / 1

Pos 1

9600
9600

8 / fixed to 0 / 1
8 / fixed to 0 / 1

1
1

Pos 2
Pos 3
Pos > 3

Step 1.

The communication parameters must be adjusted on the AC


measurement device, the Hex switch on ACM1 is to be set accordingly.

Step 2.

Check the installation

Step 3.

Go to menu Configuration > Bus Components > ACM

Figure 112. ACM Devices window.

104

HEX
Switch

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Step 4.

Enter name of the external AC measurement device.

Step 5.

Press Add ACM

Step 6.

Press Accept Changes

Upon successful configuration / installation the window should look as shown in the
next figure, and displaying the measured values should be possible now.

Figure 113. ACM Devices window (after Installation)


Click on the Details button to view the IMBUS Device details.
The name of a ACM can be edited by clicking on the Edit button.

9.2.2

Display of external AC Measurements

9.2.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface


The measured values are displayed according to the following menu:
1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.5 LVD
1.6 TEMPERATURES
1.7 AC MEASUREME.

ENTER

Phase Voltages

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1: 231.0 V
Phase 2: 232.0 V
Phase 3: 233.0 V

Currents

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1:
2.3 A
Phase 2:
1.9 A
Phase 3:
0.8 A

Power

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1:
440 W
Phase 2:
390 W
Phase 3:
350 W

Frequency

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1: 49.99 Hz
Phase 2: 50.00 Hz
Phase 3: 50.00 Hz

Power Factor

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1:
0.807
Phase 2:
0.869
Phase 3:
0.655

Phase to Phase Voltage

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1-2: 404.1 V
Phase 2-3: 406.3 V
Phase 3-1 404.5 V

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9.2.2.2 Web Interface


Go to Mains > AC Measurements to display the AC Voltages:

Figure 114. AC Measurements window (external).

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9.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Internal AC Measurement
The rectifier modules measure the input AC voltage. These measurements are
visible as well by means of the Web Interface as on the local controller displays UIM
/ UIL.

9.3.1

UIM / UIL Interface

9.3.1.1 Phase Assignment


This procedure is done as follows:
8.RECTIFIER FUNCT
8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.2 REDUNDANCY
8.3 RECHARGE

ENTER

8.1 CONFIGURATION
8.1.1 OVERVIEW
8.1.2 SETUP
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG.

ENTER

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG


Status: inactive

ENTER

Start

8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG


Status: wait for

assignment
Finish
8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG
Status:
ok
Start

Step 1.

Go to menu 8.1.3 PHASE ASSIG., Press ENTER

Step 2.

Select Start, press ENTER

Step 3.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 1.

Step 4.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 2*).

Step 5.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 3*).

Step 6.

When all phases have been assigned, select Finish and press
ENTER.

Step 7.

Verify that the Status has changed to ok.

*) Only if mains consists of more than one phase

9.3.1.2 Measurements
After successful phase assignment the AC Voltage is displayed in menu 1.7:
1. DC-SYS STATUS
1.5 LVD
1.6 TEMPERATURES
1.7 AC MEASUREME.

ENTER

Phase Voltages

1.7 AC MEASUREME.
Phase 1: 231.0 V
Phase 2: 232.0 V
Phase 3: 233.0 V

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9.3.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Web Interface

9.3.2.1 Phase Assignment


Step 1.

Go to menu Rectifier > Functions > AC Measurement

Figure 115. Rectifier AC Measurement: Phase Assignment


Step 2.

Press the Start button

Step 3.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 1.

Step 4.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 2*).

Step 5.

Press the Config button on the rectifier connected to phase 3*).

Step 6.

Press the Finish button.

Step 7.

Verify that the Status has changed to ok.

*) Only if mains consists of more than one phase.

9.3.2.2 Measurements
Go to Mains > AC Measurements to display the AC Voltages:

Figure 116. AC Measurements window (internal).

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10

CONTROLLER PSC 3

LOG
With the logging function, the user has the possibility to have all the desired events
in the system added to the PSC 3 log. Any signal in a PSC 3 system may be used
as an event source. There are some factory defined system events, which are
always logged, as well as those defined by the user. 400 log entries are listed, all of
them are stored in a non-volatile memory.

10.1

Log Setup
Parameter

Explanation

Unlogged Events

List of user and system defined events of the PSC 3,


which are not logged
Button to add an event to the Logged Events
Button to remove an event from the Logged Events
List of events that are logged.

Add >>
<< Remove
Logged Events

10.1.1 UIM / UIL Interface


The log setup can only be done using the web user interface (PSC 3 Configuration
and Supervision Tool).

10.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Log > Setup

Step 3.

Choose an event you wish to be logged from the Unlogged Events


list. Then click on the Add>> button to add the event to the Logged
Events list. Repeat to other events you wish to be logged.

Step 4.

If you wish to remove event(s) from the logged events, choose an event
from the Logged Events list and click on the << Remove button.

Figure 117. Log Setup window.

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10.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Checking the Log


When an event, which has been defined as logged event, is activated a log entry
appears in the PSC 3 log. The log can be read both from the UIM display and from
the web interface. The log entry displays the date, time and description of the event.
The description is in the form of the event name. The log is able to differentiate
between appearance and disappearance of the event as shown in the following
table.
Event

Event state

Description seen in the log of UIM & WEB

NameX

True
False

NameX
NameX - ok

10.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Go to menu 4.1 ENTRIES. Press ENTER to investigate the log entries.
ENTER

4. LOG
4.1 ENTRIES
4.2 CLEAR

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 17:35:00
03.04.2003 16:35:17
03.04.2003 15:00:00

ENTER

4.1 ENTRIES
03.04.2003 17:35:00
S Mainsfailure ok

To clear the log, go to menu 4.2 CLEAR. Press ENTER to clear the log.
4. LOG
4.1 ENTRIES
4.2 CLEAR

ENTER

4.2 CLEAR

ENTER

Clear Log

ENTER

4.2 CLEAR
Clear Log

Yes?

4.2 CLEAR
Clear Log

10.2.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

To check the log go to the menu Log > Entries.

Step 3.

Clear the log by clicking on the Clear Log button.

Figure 118. Log Entries window.

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10.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

System Logs
Several internally events are always logged. The following table gives an overview
about the existing system log events and their meaning.
Name

Description

System restart
Log cleared
[ACMX] HW Failure

Always done after power up of PSC 3


Log entry after log has been cleared by user
Configured ACM with name [ACMX] is missing cabling may not be correct
Configured ACM with name [ACMX] is ok again
Configured SSM with name [SSMX] is missing cabling may not be correct
Configured SSM with name [SSMX] is ok again
Configured SENSN on bus [XXX] is missing cabling may not be correct
Configured SENSN on bus [XXX] is ok again
Configured Temperature sensor is missing - cabling
may not be correct
Configured Temperature sensor is ok again
System time was changed.

[ACMX] HW Failure - ok
[SSMX] HW Failure
[SSMX] HW Failure - ok
SENSN [XXX] HW Failure(s)
SENSN [XXX] HW - ok
Temp. HW Failure
Temp. HW Failure - ok
Time changed
Setup deleted
Setup saved
Setup restored
Setup saved to PC
Setup restored from PC
Recharge Failed
Middle Point Measurement Failed
Tdiff Failed
Idiff Charge Failed
Idiff Discharge Failed
Loss of Backup Time detected
Battery Test Started
Battery Test Successful Final
Voltage = xx
Battery Test Aborted
Battery Test Failed
Battery Test Ended Discharged
Capacity = xxx
Battery Test Failed Idiff
Battery Test Failed Middle Point
Battery Test Failed - Usupport
Natural Battery Test Failed - Time =
xxx
Natural Battery Test Successful Voltage = xxx
Natural Battery Test - Voltage
Reached = xxx
Natural Battery Test - Duration
Expired = xxx

Setup handling information

Battery recharge information

Battery measurements

Battery test information

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Name

Description

RM Redundancy lost
RM Redundancy restored
RM Lack of Power
RM Recharge Power OK
Boost Charge Started
Boost Charge Finished
Boost Charge Failed
Equalize Started
Equalize Finished
Equalize Aborted
Separate charge mode entered
Separate discharge started
Separate charge started
System voltage reached
Separate charge mode left
Event controlled charge started
Event controlled charge finished
Initialization Modem Failure
PIN Code Modem Failure
Initialization Modem Ok
PIN Code Modem Ok
Dial-out Connection Established
Dial-out Connection Terminated
Dial-out Connection Failure
Dial-in Connection Established
Dial-in Connection Terminated
Dial-in Connection Failure
GPRS Connection Established
GPRS Connection Terminated
GPRS Connection Failure
PPP Connection Failure
PPP Connection Ok
RM Power Limitation Started
RM Power Limitation Finished
Invalid license key entered
SNMP Feature activated with
license key
Parameter Version Handling failed
Parameter Version Handling wrong
AID
Buzzer HW Failure
CAN Error IMBUS I - HW Failure

112

Rectifier supervision

Boost charge information

Battery equalize information

Separate Charge information

Event Controlled Charge

Modem information

Rectifier functions
Licence management
SNMP
Setup Version handling
If Buzzer is configured, but no UIM is present
IMBUS not available

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Name
APOSYS Incompatible with the
configuration
APOSYS Digital Inputs Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Temp Meas Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Digital Output Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Open Collector Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS LVD Output Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Shunt Meas Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Fuse Meas Nbr not
compatible
APOSYS Shunts not available for
NGS
Real Time Clock - HW Failure
BIST HW Failure

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Description

System Interface Board HW failure

RTC present but not operational


Built In Self Test failure

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11

USER AND SESSION MANAGEMENT

11.1

User Management
To control access from different locations to the PSC 3 Configuration and
Supervision Tool, PSC 3 has a build in User and Session Management System. It
enables setting up a list of users with different access rights (e.g. configuration,
maintenance, operator and monitor).
Each login generates a session, which runs until the user logs out or until PSC 3
terminates it under certain circumstances.
A special user, the administrator, may edit the user list and also define the rules,
which apply if more than one session is running at the same time.
The User and Session Managements are located in the web user interface (PSC 3
Configuration and Supervision Tool) menus:
Home > System > User Management

and

Home > System > Session Management

Figure 119. User Management window.

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11.1.1 Default User Profiles and Access Levels


The PSC 3 controller has some predefined user profiles for the Configuration and
Supervision Tool. With the user profile Admin it is possible to edit the default
profiles (e.g. reset the password) as well as add new ones. Most of the user profiles
can also be deleted with administrator rights. The rest of the default user profiles are
for configuring and operating the power system.
In the table below are the default user names and passwords, with the
corresponding access profile. It is recommended to change at least the passwords
after commissioning the system. A password can be only be edited by the
corresponding user. With Admin rights the passwords can be reset to default
passwords.
Username

Default password

Access Profile

Admin
configuration
maintenance
operator
monitor

psc3
psc3
psc3
psc3
psc3

Configuration
Configuration
Maintenance
Operating
Monitoring

Note!

An additional user profile Delta is predefined as well, but is for use of


Delta employees only. This user profile can neither be deleted nor
edited. With Delta user profile Delta employees can access to
parameters and settings of PSC 3 at the factory. This user profile does
not allow viewing or editing of the user profiles.

With different user profiles the administrator can optimise the use of the PSC 3
Configuration and Supervision Tool for different user groups. The different access
profiles define the parameters and measurement displays editable/visible to the
user. The table below explains the differences between the possible access profiles.
Access Profile

User rights

Configuration

Enables the user to configure the


system and edit all the parameters.
Enables the user to edit some
configuration menus and all the
parameters.
Enables the user to edit some
parameters.
Only view rights to PSC 3 Web user
interface.
Unique user profile.
As Configuration, but the user can
also edit, delete and add user profiles.

Maintenance

Operating
Monitoring
Configuration
(Administrator)

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11.1.2 Deltas Recommendation for User Profiles


Note!

Delta recommends that the default user profiles are only used as access
profiles during commissioning. The administrator should then create new
user profiles according to the organisation and delete the default ones.

The administrator of a PSC 3 power system is recommended to go through the


following steps when commissioning the system.

11.1.2.1

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Change the password for Admin user profile.

Step 3.

Create new user profiles according to the organisation requiring access


to the PSC 3.

Step 4.

Delete the default user profiles.

Step 5.

Distribute the new user profiles to the respective users, and instruct the
users how to login and change their passwords.

Adding new User Profiles


To add new user profiles, do as follows.

11.1.2.2

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Type the name of the new user profile to field in the section New User
Profile Definition.

Step 4.

Choose Access Profile for the user.

Step 5.

Click on Add User.

Note!

The new user will adopt the Default Password from the Common
Parameter settings. To change the password, login as the new user.

Changing Password
To change a password, do as follows.

116

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as the user the
password change concerns.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the Change Password button. A new Password Editor


window opens.

Step 4.

Type the old password and then the new password (twice).

Step 5.

Click on Accept Changes

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11.1.2.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Editing User Profiles


To edit the user profiles, do as follows.

11.1.2.4

Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the Edit User Parameter button. A new User Data Editor
window opens.

Step 4.

Change the Access Profile for the user.

Step 5.

Click on Accept Changes.

Deleting a User Profile


Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as administrator.

Step 2.

Go to the menu Home > System > User Management.

Step 3.

Click on the checkbox for the user profile you want to delete and then on
Accept Changes.

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11.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Session Management
At each (WEB) login, a set of parameters are collected and monitored by the
session manager. Depending on the access profile, the following information might
be available for the user (read-only).
Parameter

Description

Session Owner
IP-Address

Username of the session


IP-Address of the client (thats the PC running the
Browser)
Session Type
Currently only WEB sessions are available.
Session State
Each session runs through a set of state between
login and cleanup by PSC 3.
DB Access
Indicates what kind of database access this
session has. Only one session may have readwrite access at the same time!
Current Dialog ID ID of the dialog which is currently on display.
Last Access [s]
Time in seconds since the last request for an
object from the web server.

Figure 120. Session Management window.

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11.2.1 Common Parameter


With Admin rights the user can edit some Parameters of Session Manager.

11.2.1.1

Editing Common Parameters


To edit common parameter, do as follows:
Step 1.

Login to the PSC Configuration and Supervision Tool as Admin.

Step 2.

Go to the menu System > Session Management (s. Figure 120).

Step 3.

Click on Edit Parameter in the Common Parameter section. The


Admin Parameter window opens:

Figure 121. Session Management Parameter window for Admin.


Step 4.

Edit the parameters and click on Accept Changes.

Parameter

Description

Max. Sessions
Session Inactive

Total number of (WEB) sessions running at the same time.


Determines the idle time to change from session state active
to inactive.
Determines the (additional) idle time to change from session
state inactive to timed-out.
Determines if PSC 3 should try to assign the read-write access
to a newly logged in session. Remember, that the new session
will not get the read-write access if it is already in possession of
another session which is in the state active.
Determines if the read-write access may be withdrawn if a
session is inactive (default setting) or not until the session is
timed-out.
Determines if the setup should be saved if the read-write
access is withdrawn.

Session Timeout After


Assign Write Access At
Login Automatically

Withdraw Write Access


When Session Inactive
Save Setup Before
Withdrawing Write
Access

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12

CONTROLLER PSC 3

MAINTENANCE
These functions are used when the PSC 3 and the power system are under
maintenance or testing. Alarms and LVD functions can set in to different modes for
the duration of the maintenance or testing, to avoid unwanted behavior e.g. alarms.

12.1

Alarm Maintenance
Go to menu > Maintenance > Alarm
The Alarm Maintenance window allows manipulation of alarms for maintenance and
testing purposes. An alarm set to frozen, set or reset state does not react on the
source event as defined in the event conditions, but stays in the current position in
case of frozen, or changes to active in case of set, or changes to ok in
case of reset. The alarms affected by the Alarm Stop function are chosen in this
window by selecting the checkbox of the alarms. After making changes click on the
Accept Changes button.

Figure 122. Alarm Maintenance window.

12.2

LVD Maintenance
Go to menu Maintenance > LVD
The LVD Maintenance window allows preventing an LVD to switch during
maintenance operation, and shows also the status of each LVD event. Click on the
checkbox to inhibit a LVD event. After making changes click on the Accept
Changes button.

Figure 123. LVD Maintenance window.

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12.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Maintenance RS Latch

12.3.1 RS Latch Definition


Sometimes it is necessary that an event can be latched once it has occurred.
Therefore the RS Latch function has been implemented.
Step 1.

Define the RS Latch using the Web Interface. Proceed as follows:


Go to menu Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Event
Processing (see also 8.3 Event Processing)

Step 2.

Add a new event with the type RS Latch then click on Add. The
Latched Event Definition window opens.

Step 3.

Enter a name of the new created Latched Event; from the drop down
lists select the events for setting and resetting the latched event. The
input event is latched from the Set input if it was activated once. It
remains activated until the reset event is activated. Set and/or Reset
event can also be assigned to S Always false, then the
acivating/disactivating is done manually by means of the maintenance
functionality.

Step 4.

Click on Add New Definition

Step 5.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


top-left corner of the main screen.

Figure 124. Latched Event Definition window.


The latched event is now ready for use.

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12.3.2 Use of RS Latch


12.3.2.1

UIM / UIL Interface


Go to menu 10.1 RS LATCH

10. Maintenance
10.1 RS LATCH
10.2 HW STATUS
10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.1 RS LATCH
)
TbattTooHigh* True
)
ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

TbattTooHigh *
Status:
True

ENTER

Reset

TbattTooHigh *
Status:
True
Reset

Yes?

10.1 RS LATCH
)
TbattTooHigh* True
)
ILoadTooHigh* False

ENTER

ILoadTooHigh *
Status:
False
Trigger

ENTER

ILoadTooHigh *
Status:
False
Trigger

Yes?

This menu allows to trigger a non latched event and to reset it. An event can only be
reset if its status is true and the set input is actually false. If so, it can be reset.
An event can only be triggered if its status is false and the reset input is actually
false. If so, it can be triggered.

12.3.2.2

Web Interface
Go to menu Maintenance > RS Latch
This window allows to trigger a non latched event and to reset it. An event can only
be reset if its status is true and the set input is actually false. If so, the Reset
button can be pressed. An event can only be triggered if its status is false and the
reset input is actually false. If so, the Trigger button can be pressed.

Figure 125. Maintenance RS Latch window.

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12.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

HW Status
The PSC 3 detects all connected hardware modules, and their detailed status can
be displayed.

12.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface


Go to menu 10.2 HW STATUS
10. Maintenance
10.1 RS LATCH
10.2 HW STATUS
10.3 REBOOT PSC 3

ENTER

10.2 HW STATUS
10.2.1 BOARDS
10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

10.2.1 BOARDS
APOCO
ok
APOSYS01
ok

APOCO
220000000000000018
Part Nu: D0120462
SW Version: V2.0

ENTER

APOSYS01
220000000000001234
Part Nu: D0121384
SW Version: V1.06

10.2.1 BOARD
APOSCO
ok
APOSYS01
ok

10.2 HW STATUS
10.2.1 BOARDS
10.2.2 IMBUS

ENTER

ENTER

10.2.2 IMBUS
Imbus Status: ok

12.4.2 Web Interface


Go to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > PSC3 Hardware
To see detailed information click on Details of the desired board.

Figure 126. PSC3 Hardware window.

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Figure 127. System Board Hardware window.

Figure 128. Control Board Hardware window.

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13

CONTROLLER PSC 3

SOFTWARE
The PSC 3 controller supports software updates as well as setup uploads and
downloads, remotely and on-site. This makes it easy to add new features, and to
upload default settings to new sites. The following chapters describe step-by-step
for example how to make software updates or upload settings to a new system.

13.1

Software Version Upgrade and Downgrade


The software version of the PSC 3 can be upgraded as well as downgraded,
remotely or on-site. This allows easy adding a new functionality, even on a running
system. Under most circumstances, it is also possible to downgrade to an old
software version, if the PSC 3 does not perform as desired.
To update the PSC 3, a file with the new software version has to be available to the
PSC 3. The file can be located on any computer able to run a TFTP server.
Requirements for a software upgrade or downgrade:

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3

The file with the new PSC 3 software is located in the TFTP server base
directory

The PSC 3 is running

The web access to PSC 3 is on level Maintenance or higher

Note!

Since the PSC 3 will reboot automatically after the software update,
save your configuration locally before starting the software update! It is
also a good idea to save the setup on a PC before the SW update.

Parameter

Explanation

Filename
IP-Address
Start

Name of the file with the new software (binary).


Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located.
Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly
filled.

13.1.1 UIM /UIL Interface


The software version upgrade and downgrade can only be done using the web
interface. The current software version of the PSC 3 can be checked from menu
5.1 SW VERSION.
5.GENERAL
5.1 SW VERSION
5.2 LANGUAGE
5.3 TIME&DATE

ENTER

5.1 SW VERSION
PSC 3 Mar 19 2008
Version:
V2.11
Build Version: 1

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13.1.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > File transfer > Software Update

Step 3.

Enter the name of the new software file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the software file is located.

Step 5.

Click on the Start button. The PSC 3 will first get the file from the
TFTP server. A new window appears showing the progress. If an error
occurs, the update procedure will stop. Otherwise the PSC 3 will reboot
when done.

Figure 129. Software Update window.

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13.2

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Setup Upload and Download


The Setup Handler administrates the numerous parameters of a PSC 3 system. This
unit remembers the system configuration and keeps a track of the complex
interaction between subsystem components. The whole configuration can be stored
in a file or loaded from a file to the PSC 3.
With PSC 3 it is possible to upload a configuration. This is a useful feature for
customers having several similar sites. Only one configuration has to be prepared,
which then can be downloaded to several sites by changing only site relevant
parameters e.g. site name or TCP/IP settings.
Requirements for a setup upload or download:

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3

The new Setup file is located in the TFTP server base directory (upload)

The PSC 3 is running

The web access to PSC 3 is on level Maintenance or higher

Be aware:

The upload process may take several minutes. When started, dont try to do
anything else on the web GUI, except if the upload fails.

After starting an upload process, the PSC 3 needs to make a reset. It will be
done automatically after a successful upload.

Parameter

Explanation

Filename
IP-Address
Start

Name of the file with the new setup.


Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located.
Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly
filled.

13.2.1 UIM / UIL Interface


The setup upload and download can only be done with the web interface.

13.2.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu:
Configuration > File Transfer > Restore Setup From PC (upload)
or
Configuration > File Transfer > Save Setup to PC (download)

Step 3.

Enter the name of the setup file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the setup file is located (upload)


or
Enter the IP-address where the setup file should be saved (download)

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Step 5.

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Click on the Start button. PSC 3 will shut down all other activities. A
new window appears showing the progress. The PSC 3 saves the new
setup into EEPROM (Upload) and when it is done the PSC 3 restarts.

Figure 130. Restore Setup from PC window.

Figure 131. Save Setup to PC window.

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13.3

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Language File Upload


The default language of the PSC 3 is English. One or two more language files can
be stored as well. The language can then be enabled for each user (s. 11.1 User
Management.
Requirements for uploading a language file:

The TFTP server is running and accessible via PSC 3

The language file to be uploaded is located in the TFTP server base directory

The PSC 3 is running

The web access to PSC 3 is on level Maintenance or higher

Parameter

Explanation

Filename
IP-Address
Start

Name of the file with the new language.


Network IP address of the TFTP server where the file is located.
Button to start the update after the fields above has been properly
filled.

13.3.1 UIM / UIL Interface


The language upload can only be done with the web interface.

13.3.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > File Transfer > Language Files. If theres no


language file besides English, the appearing window looks like shown in
Figure 132. Otherwise the already loaded language files are listed, too. If
all three possible files are present, then one of the last two must be
removed first. Click on the Unload button of the file to be removed,
and then click on the Load button, the Load language File window
(Figure 133) appears.

Figure 132. Language Files window (before transfer).

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Figure 133. Load Language File


Step 3.

Enter the name of the new language file.

Step 4.

Enter the IP-address where the language file is located.

Step 5.

Click on Start button. The window, showing the progress, appears.


Upon successful transfer, the Language Files window appears again,
now showing the new file:

Figure 134. Language Files window (after successful transfer)

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13.4

CONTROLLER PSC 3

Software License Key


With the software license key a customer can enable some special functions in the
PSC 3. A DES representative generates the license key. This key is unique for each
controller and feature. The feature activation can be performed in the field with a
laptop connected to the PSC 3, or remotely if an IP connection is available.
Note!

Contact your local Delta representative for more information about the
additional features of the PSC 3 controller.

13.4.1 UIM / UIL Interface


The PSC 3 software options can only be activated with the web interface.

13.4.2 Web Interface


Step 1.

After you have received the license key from your Delta representative,
login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Go to menu Configuration > System Characteristics > PSC3 Software


Options

Figure 135. PSC 3 Software Options window.


Step 3.

Enter the license key code, then click on Accept Changes.

Step 4.

Save the settings permanently by clicking on the Save button on the


main screen.

Step 5.

The new feature will appear after you have rebooted the PSC 3.

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14

CONTROLLER PSC 3

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Functions
System
Float voltage control / Temperature compensation
PLC function. (AND/OR/Inv/Filter/RS Latch)
LVD and PLD functions
AC measurements (internal/external)
Real time clock
Genset functions
400 data log entries
Mains failure detection
Maintenance functions (Alarm/LVD)
Battery
Battery measurements (U/I/T)
Battery current limit, enhanced
Battery middle point
Battery Control (Udiff/Idiff/Tdif)
Boost charge
Equalize
Battery test, advanced capacity test
Separate charge
State of charge
Loss of backup time
Rectifiers
Individual rectifier information
Individual rectifier control
Digital load sharing
Sequential startup
Efficiency mode / Energy saving
Rectifier cycling
Power limitation
Charging Current limitation
Remote function upgrade
Positioning
Features (with front end modules) 1)
Rectifier interface
Digital, CAN-based
Number of rectifiers
Up to 128
Digital input
4, up to 128
Relay output
6, up to 99
Temperature
2, up to 98
Voltage, current
Up to 99
Display
1 integrated display, up to 2
User interface modules
Local monitoring
LAN / RS232 / Web browser
Remote monitoring
LAN / Modem / Web browser
Remote alarming
Dry contacts / SNMP
Languages
English + 2 downloadable
Web server access
Up to 4 levels
SNMP management Standard SNMP manager

User interface
Local User interface

UIM
(Optional Front-End
module)
WEB

SNMP

General
Safety

EMI, radiated
Compliant with
Cooling
Mounting direction
Protection
Environment
Operating temperature

- 5 configurable LED
- LCD display
- Keypad
- 5 configurable LED
- LCD display
- Keypad
- Buzzer
User manager to limit site
access with different access
levels
Complete solution for
configuration and Monitoring of
sites with more than 120
dynamic WEB pages
SW and Setup updates
Remote access using Traps
Dial-out feature together with
modems

EN 60950, class I
UL 60950
CAN / CSA C22.2
EN 55022, class B
ETSI EN 300386
Convection
All
IP 20

Relative humidity

0 .. +65C / +32 .. +140F full


performance)
95 %, non condensing

Power supply
Voltage range
Current
EMI, conducted
Input protection
Input switch

18 ... 75 VDC
2.0 ADC maximum
EN 55022, class B
Internal fuse 2A
None

Mechanics
Height, body
Width, overall
Depth, overall
Weight

40.4 mm / 1.59 inch


83.5 mm / 3.29 inch
190 mm / 7.48 inch
0.56 kg / 1.24 lb

1) Number and type of inputs / outputs of the central unit


depend on the PSC 3 version

Subject to change due to technical progress.

132

20.06.2008

Energy Systems

Installation and Commissioning


DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS
with PSC 3 Controller

40047_01.DOC
Issue 11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION ......................................................................7


2.1

Before you begin ...............................................................................................7

2.2

Unpacking the system .......................................................................................7

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .....................................................8

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .......................................................9

INSTALLATION...........................................................................................................10

5.1

Mechanical connections ..................................................................................10

5.2

Electrical connections......................................................................................11

5.2.1

Grounding........................................................................................................11

5.2.2

AC connection .................................................................................................11

5.2.3

Battery connections .........................................................................................11

5.3

Remote alarm connections ..............................................................................12

5.4

Load connections ............................................................................................13

COMMISSIONING .......................................................................................................14
6.1

Starting up the system.....................................................................................14

6.2

Controller calibration........................................................................................16

6.3

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers.........................................................17

6.4

Checking the control and alarm system...........................................................18

6.4.1

Checking the configuration ..............................................................................18

6.4.2

Check the alarms as follows ............................................................................18

6.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring as follows ..............................................................18

6.4.4

Testing the mains failure alarm........................................................................20

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 1200B-48-12 CS) ...........................................21

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 2000B-48-8 CS) .............................................22

APPENDIX: INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST.........................23

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

This page is intentionally left blank.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

40047_01.DOC

Installation and Commissioning,


DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS with PSC 3

Previous version

Description of changes

New document.
Controlled by

Date
11.07.2008

Riitta Pivinen
Approved by

Date
11.07.2008

Tomi Kujansuu

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

This page is intentionally left blank.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION

2.1

Before you begin

2.2

Step 1.

Ensure that you have all the equipment needed to make a proper
installation of the system.

Step 2.

Also ensure that grounding terminals, DC- and AC-distributions are


properly available.

Step 3.

Take care that the regulations of IEC 60364 and CENELEC HD384
concerning installation and assembling of telecommunication and
electrical equipment have been noticed. The local regulations and
special instructions must also be noticed during the work. When
choosing the place of the installation, please notice that the cooling air
must flow without restrictions through the ventilation holes. The system
must have enough space in front of it for operation and service
functions. Notice the direction of the cabling and the required space of
the other equipment.

Unpacking the system


Step 4.

Check that the received cargo is according to the packing list.

Step 5.

Ensure that the rack and the equipment are not damaged during
transportation.

Step 6.

Check that proper documents are delivered with the system and
necessary contact information for technical support is included.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

2
7
3
4

8
9

5
9

Figure 1.

Power system DPS 1200B-48-12 CS.

1. Upper plus bar


2. Upper load distribution (MCBs)
Optional PLDs (max. 2)

6. Optional AC over voltage


protection or second AC terminal
7. Lower load distribution (MCBs)

3. Lower plus bar

8. AC terminal

4. Battery breakers (MCB)

9. Rectifier shelf for DPR 1200B-48

5. PSC 3 controller and remote alarm


connections (UIM display on the
door)

Note!

Battery shunt and LVD behind the battery breakers.


Optional PLD(s) are behind the correspondent load distribution.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

4
9
5

Figure 2.

Power system DPS 2000B-48-8 CS.

1. Upper plus bar


2. Upper load distribution (MCBs)
Optional PLDs (max. 2)

6. Optional AC over voltage


protection or second AC terminal
7. Lower load distribution (MCBs)

3. Lower plus bar

8. AC terminal

4. Battery breakers (MCB)

9. Rectifier shelf for FR 2000W-48

5. PSC 3 controller and remote alarm


connections (UIM display on the
door)

Note!

Battery shunt and LVD behind the battery breakers.


Optional PLD(s) are behind the correspondent load distribution.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

INSTALLATION

5.1

Mechanical connections
Note!

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Make sure that all the circuit breakers are in the OFF-position.

If you do not have a battery rack, move to Step 4.


Step 1.

Assemble the battery rack according to the instructions delivered with


the battery rack.

Step 2.

Set the battery rack standing in its place and straighten it if needed by
adjusting the feet by leaning the cabinet and turning feet with hands.

Step 3.

Lift the system cabinet on top of the battery rack and mount them
together with 4 clips (see Figure 3).

Step 4.

Mount the system cabinet to the wall.

Fixation to
battery rack
(4 pcs)

Figure 3.

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS fixation to battery rack (bottom view).

Fixing holes
for wall mounting
(3 pcs)

Figure 4.

10

DPS 1200B-48-12 CS wall fixation (back view).

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.2

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Electrical connections
Step 1.

Remove the front panel from the system unit in front of the distributions
and connections.

Step 2.

Remove also the roof of the cabinet to make the installation easier.

The bracketed [ ] numbers refer to the corresponding numbers in the Figure 1 and
Figure 2.

5.2.1

Grounding
Step 1.

5.2.2

AC connection
Step 2.

5.2.3

Ensure that both the frame and plus of the system are grounded to the
main grounding busbar of the room.

Connect the AC cables to system. Below in table is the recommended


mains fuse size and cable cross section for 1 x 3 phase AC-connection.
DPS 1200B-48-12 CS

DPS 2000B-48-8 CS

Mains fuse

3 x 32 A

3 x 40 A

Cable

5 x 10 mm2

5 x 10 mm2

Table 1.

AC-input recommendation.

Note!

Check the AC connections from the wiring diagram attached to this user
manual.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

Battery connections
Step 1.

Install the batteries in their compartment.

Step 3.

Connect the internal battery cables so that the total nominal voltage of
the each battery string is 48V.

Step 4.

Connect the battery cable + to the plus busbar connection [3] and the
- to the battery breaker [4].

Step 5.

Connect the + cable to the free plus-pole and the - cable to the free
negative pole of the battery string.

Step 6.

Place the battery temperature sensor between the batteries in the


battery area. Fasten the sensor cable to the subrack.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

11 July 2008

11

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.3

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Remote alarm connections


Step 7.

Connect the remote alarm cables to the terminals on the PSC 3


(Figure 5). The alarms are usually connected so that the alarm circuit is
open (NO) and in a case of registered fault the circuit is closes (NC).

Note!

The remote alarms are set in the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision
Tool menu PSC 3 I/O assignments.

Digital outputs

Figure 5.

12

Digital outputs.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

5.4

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Load connections
Step 1.

Connect the distribution cables. Plus cables are connected to the


positive busbar [1, 3] of the system and the negative cables directly to
the connections of the DC-distribution circuit breakers [2, 7]. Take care
that the cable is behind the bar and not directly under the screw.

Note!

See Figure 1 or Figure 2 for details.

Note!

The maximum cable size for the connectors on the positive busbar is
16 mm2 for the MCBs 1 A - 32 A. For MCBs 40 A - 63 A maximum
cable size is 35 mm2.

Note!

When the installation work is done check that the cabling is according
to the wiring diagram and instructions. Mount the protection shields to
their places.

11 July 2008

13

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

COMMISSIONING

6.1

Starting up the system

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 2.

Lift the rectifiers into the cabinet to their shelves starting from the far-left
slot and continuing to right.

Step 3.

Rectifier FR 48 V 2000 W E: Remove the screws that are used to


fasten the FR 48 V -2000 W E rectifiers to their places. Each rectifier is
fastened with one screw.
Rectifier DPR 1200B-48: Fix the DPR 1200B-48 rectifiers to shelf by
moving the fixation clips to locked position.

Taking the system into use is presented below step-by-step. The bracketed [ ]
numbers refer to the corresponding numbers in the figure 1.
Warning! The protection shields of the system should be in place when system is
under present voltage. Only for measuring purposes during installation
and maintenance the cover shields may be temporarily removed. When
measuring (voltage, polarity etc.) use proper insulated tools and
appropriate protective clothing.

Rectifier fixation clip


LED bar output current

Rectifier status LED


Locked

Figure 6.

14

Unlocked

Config push button

Rectifier DPR 1200B-48.

11 July 2008

Unlocked

Locked

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Output current LED bar


Rectifier status indication
Config push button

Fixation hole, screw size M5

Figure 7.

Rectifier FR 48 V 2000 W E.

Step 4.

Check that the connections are made according to the installation


instructions and the wiring diagram.

Step 5.

Check that the battery circuit breakers [4] are in the OFF -position.

Step 6.

Start up the system by switching on the mains.

Step 7.

Check that the rectifier LEDs are ok.

11 July 2008

15

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.2

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Controller calibration
Controller of the system is pre-calibrated (including rectifiers) by means of accurate
meters at the factory of Delta Energy Systems. Calibration is not needed unless
some changes have been made to the controller hardware or display of the
controller is different than real accurate measurement at maintenance.
Calibrate the system voltage of the controller according to the following instructions.

16

Step 1.

Measure the system voltage between the plus busbar [1, 3] and minus
on the DC-output circuit breaker [2, 7].

Step 2.

Check the value Usys from the display.

Note!

The factory setting for output voltage is always 53.5 V for the FR 48 V
2000 W E and DPR 1200B-48 rectifiers.

Note!

If the value differs more than 0.1 Volts from the measured value, the
controller calibration should be performed. Otherwise continue to the
Step 11. The calibration is explained in the following Steps 4-10.

Step 3.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Figure 8.

PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Note!

The PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool is a web user interface


for the controller settings and parameters. The tool is operated with a
web browser and accessed either via a direct PC-to-PSC 3 connection or
via network (see User Manual sections PSC 3 Product Description and
Communication and User Settings). The tool is protected against
unauthorized access by user name and password.

Step 4.

Go to menu:
Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Measurements

Step 5.

Click on the Edit button for the Usys analogue measurement.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.3

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 6.

In the new Analogue Measurement window click on the Calibrate


button.

Step 7.

In the Calibration window enter the exact value measured with a


voltmeter and click on Calibrate.

Step 8.

The changes made to the PSC 3 parameters need to be saved to make


them permanent. Go to menu:
Configuration > Setup Update

Step 9.

In the Setup Update window click on the Save button in the User
Setup section. Then log out from the PSC 3 Configuration and
Supervision Tool.

Step 10.

Switch on the low voltage disconnection circuit breaker AF11 and then
the battery circuit breaker(s) [4] into ON -position.

Step 11.

Check the battery polarity by measuring the voltage over the battery
circuit breaker [4]. The voltage should be at most a few volts. If voltage
is more than that, the battery polarity is not correct and it must be
changed by switching the + and - cables connected to the batteries.

Step 12.

Check, that the load is connected to the distribution DC-terminals and


switch on the DC-distribution circuit breakers connected to the load [2,
7].

Step 13.

Check the functioning of the system according to the next two chapters
for rectifiers and the controller.

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers


Following procedures are able to accomplish only with a suitable DC-load available.
Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current. The method is to first discharge
the batteries for a while and then recharge them. The controller carries out the
procedure, which decreases the rectifier voltages below the discharging voltage of
the batteries. Therefore in case of a battery failure the system will not crash.
Step 1.

Start the discharging by logging in to the PSC 3 Configuration and


Supervision Tool. Activate the battery test manually from the controller
menu Battery > Control > Battery Test by clicking on the Start button.

Step 2.

Let the controller discharge the batteries a few minutes.

Step 3.

Stop the battery test from the controller by clicking on the Stop and
exit the controller web user interface.

11 July 2008

17

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.4

Checking the control and alarm system


Note!

6.4.1

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

The alarms, system voltage and temperature compensation settings are


pre-set according to the used battery. If battery type used is different
from the type the pre-set values were adjusted for, the values must be
changed according to the battery type and information of the battery
manufacturer.

Checking the configuration


Values are all pre-set at the factory and should not be changed without a proper
reason (see note above). Check the configuration either from the UIM display or
from PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool menus. The web GUI is protected
against unauthorized access by user name and password.
Step 1.

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

Step 2.

Check the following settings:

Settings

UIM menu

Web GUI menu

Alarm limits

6.1 THRESHOLDS

Configuration > Signal Processing


Engine > Event Definitions

System voltage

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE

Battery > Control > Float Charge

Temperature
Compensation

7.1 FLOAT CHARGE

Battery > Control > Float Charge

Battery Test

7.5 BATTERY TEST

Battery > Control > Battery Test

Equalize

7.2 EQUALIZE

Battery > Control > Equalize

Note!

6.4.2

After making changes to the PSC 3 settings, remember to save them in


the menu Configuration > Setup Update. Otherwise the changes will be
lost after rebooting the PSC 3.

Check the alarms as follows


With the alarm test function of the controller the functioning of the alarm relays and
LEDs can be checked in the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool menu
Maintenance > Alarm. The Alarm Maintenance window allows manipulation of
alarms for maintenance and testing purposes. An alarm set to Frozen, Set or Reset
state does not react on the source event as defined in the event conditions, but
stays in the current position in case of Frozen, or changes to Active in case of
Set, or changes to Ok in case of Reset.

6.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring as follows


Switch ON all the battery circuit breakers [4] and the DC-distribution MCBs [2, 7],
which have load connected to.
Note!

18

The following procedure leaves the connected load without power as


long as the MCBs are in the OFF-position. Make sure it is allowed to turn
off the load for the duration of this test.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Step 3.

Switch the load and battery breakers OFF and ON one after another,
checking that the alarms are indicated as configured.

Note!

Only the MCBs are switched on and having the load or batteries
connected will produce an alarm when switched off. Load fuse alarm will
appear immediately, but battery fuse alarm may take a few minutes until
battery voltage decreases enough (>300 mV). The active alarm can be
read from the display menu 3.1 Alarm.

Step 4.

Check the rectifier failure alarm by switching OFF the AC-supply and
check the following:

Check the battery current from the display:


Battery current (Ibatt) positive

Not Urgent Alarm

Battery current (Ibatt) negative (battery is discharging) Urgent Alarm


Load current (Iload) equals battery current (Ibatt)

Mains Failure

The active alarm can be read from the display menu 3.1 Alarm.
Note!

During the test there may occur Usys Low and Usys High alarms, which
should be omitted at this stage.
If there is no load connected to the system, no module alarm will occur.
The additional module alarm (RF) does not light up any LEDs on the
controller. The alarm can be seen on the menu display, and it is also
seen in a remote location. It can be measured in the alarm cable (see
alarm connections).

Step 5.

Reconnect the rectifiers with the AC-supply.

11 July 2008

19

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

6.4.4

20

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

Testing the mains failure alarm


Step 1

Switch all the rectifiers off manually by using the AC-supply. The LED
on the display must light up.

Step 2

Switch the rectifiers on again. The LED on the display must go out.

Note!

If there is no load and batteries connected to the system, no mains


failure alarm will occur.

Note!

After the testing, attach all the covers of the system to their correct
places.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-12_8 CS WITH PSC 3

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 1200B-48-12 CS)

General
Efficiency
Safety
EMC
Cooling
Protection

Input
AC connection
Nominal voltage
Range, full power
Range, reduced power
Frequency range
Current nominal
@ 14.4 kW
Current maximum
@ 14.4 kW
Inrush current
Line current
Harmonic distort. THD
Mains terminal
Input protection, recom.
Transient OVP
Output
Voltage, nominal
Voltage range
Voltage error, static
Overvoltage protection
Ripple + spikes
Psophometric noise
Nominal current
Current limit, maximum
Power, nominal
Power, redundant
Power, reduced

91%
IEC/EN 60 950
EN 300 386-2
Fan cooled rectifiers
IP 20

3L+N+PE
3 x 230 Vrms(L-N)
184 ... 300 Vrms
88 ... 184 Vrms
45 ... 66 Hz
3 x 23 Arms

Load distribution
MCB
PLD

1 ... 41 pcs / 1 63 A
03

Battery connection
MCB
LVD

1 ... 6 x 125 A
Yes

Mechanics
Construction
Cabinet standard
Height, overall
Width, body
Depth, overall
Weight, system
Weight, rectifiers

Sheet metal
FFD
600 mm
600 mm
400 mm
n. 40 kg
12 x 1.25 kg

Environment
Operating temperature
Relative humidity

-5 ... +45C
95% max. non cond.

3 x 30 Arms
< 90 Apeak per phase
Meets IEC 1000-3-2
< 5%
Terminal blocks
3 x 32 A
Yes

Control and monitoring


Power system controller PSC 3
PSC 1000, option
See leaflets for power system controllers.

53.5 VDC
42 ... 58 VDC
250 mVDC
59 1 V
200 mVp-p
1.0 mVrms (weighted)
270 ADC @ 7.2 kW, 53.5 V
335 ADC @ 7.2 kW, 43 V
14.4 kW
13.2 kW
Min. 6000 W @ 90 VAC

Options
Number of rectifiers

1 ... 12

Accessories
Rectifier front cover
Battery cabinets
See leaflet for battery cabinets
Subject to change due to technical progress.

11 July 2008

21

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS (DPS 2000B-48-8 CS)

General
Efficiency
Safety
EMC
Cooling
Protection

Input
AC connection
Nominal voltage
Range, full power
Range, reduced power
Frequency range
Current nominal
@ 14.4 kW
Current maximum
@ 14.4 kW
Inrush current
Line current
Harmonic distort. THD
Mains terminal
Input protection, recom.
Transient OVP
Output
Voltage, nominal
Voltage range
Voltage error, static
Overvoltage protection
Ripple + spikes
Psophometric noise
Nominal current
Current limit, maximum
Power, nominal
Power, redundant
Power, reduced

22

DPS 1200B_2000B-48-N CS WITH PSC 3

91%
IEC/EN 60 950
EN 300 386-2
Fan cooled rectifiers
IP 20

3L+N+PE
3 x 230 Vrms(L-N)
184 ... 300 Vrms
88 ... 184 Vrms
45 ... 66 Hz
3 x 28,5 Arms

Load distribution
MCB
PLD

1 ... 41 pcs / 1 63 A
03

Battery connection
MCB
LVD

1 ... 6 x 125 A
Yes

Mechanics
Construction
Cabinet standard
Height, overall
Width, body
Depth, overall
Weight, system
Weight, rectifiers

Sheet metal
GFD
680 mm
600 mm
400 mm
n. 40 kg
8 x 4.4 kg

Environment
Operating temperature
Relative humidity

-5 ... +45C
95% max. non cond.

3 x 36 Arms
< 90 Apeak per phase
Meets IEC 1000-3-2
< 5%
Terminal blocks
3 x 40 A
Yes

Control and monitoring


Power system controller PSC 3
See leaflets for power system controllers.

53.5 VDC
42 ... 58 VDC
250 mVDC
59 1 V
200 mVp-p
1.0 mVrms (weighted)
299 ADC @ 16 kW, 53.5 V
372 ADC @ 16 kW, 43 V
16 kW
14 kW
Min. 6400 W @ 90 VAC

Options
Number of rectifiers

1 ... 8

Accessories
Rectifier front cover
Battery cabinets
See leaflet for battery cabinets
Subject to change due to technical progress.

11 July 2008

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

APPENDIX: INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING CHECK LIST

1. Unpacking
Ref.

Function

Complete

2.1

Ensure that you have all the equipment you need to make a proper
installation of the system. Also ensure that the grounding, DC- and ACdistributions are properly available.

2.2

Check carefully that the received cargo is according to the packing list.
Ensure that the rack and the equipment are not damaged during
transportation. Check that proper documents are delivered.

2. Installation, if you do not have a battery rack, move to point Ref. 4.2.
Ref.

Function

Complete

4.1

Assemble the battery rack.

4.1

Set the battery rack standing in its place.

4.1

Lift the system cabinet on top of the battery rack or mount it to the wall.

4.2

Remove the front panel from the system unit.

4.2

Remove the roof of the cabinet.

4.2.1

Connect the protective-grounding terminal.

4.2.1

Connect the positive busbar of the system to the main grounding busbar.

4.2.2

Connect the AC-mains cables to the AC connection.

4.2.3

Install the batteries in their compartment.

4.2.3

Place the battery temperature sensor between the batteries in the battery
area. Fasten the sensor cable to the subrack.

4.3

Connect the remote alarm cable to their terminal on the PSC 3 controller.

4.4

Connect the distribution cables. Plus cables are connected to the positive
busbar of the system and the negative cables directly to the connections of
the DC-distribution circuit breakers.

4.4

When the installation work is done check that the cabling is according to the
wiring diagram and instructions. Mount the protection shields to their places.

3. Starting up the system


Ref.

Function

Complete

5.1

Lift the rectifiers into the cabinet to their shelves starting from the far-left slot
and continuing to right. Fasten the rectifiers with the fixation clips

5.1

Check that the connections are made according to the installation

11 July 2008

23

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

instructions and the wiring diagram.


5.1

Check that the battery circuit breakers are in the OFF -position.

5.1

Start up the system by switching on the mains.

5.1

Check that the rectifier LEDs are ok.

5.2

Calibrate the system voltage of the controller. Check the system voltage and
calibrate the controller if needed.

5.2

Switch ON the controller circuit breaker AF10 to switch the controller on.

5.2

Measure the system voltage between the plus busbar and minus.

5.2

Check the value Usys from the display.

5.2

Login to the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

5.2

Go to menu: Configuration > Signal Processing Engine > Measurements

5.2

Click on the Edit button for the Usys analogue measurement.

5.2

In the new Analogue Measurement window click on the Calibrate button.

5.2

In the Calibration window enter the exact value measured with a voltmeter
and click on Calibrate.

5.2

The changes made to the PSC 3 parameters need to be saved to make


them permanent. Go to menu: Configuration > Setup Update

5.2

In the Setup Update window click on the Save button in the User Setup
section. Then log out from the PSC 3 Configuration and Supervision Tool.

5.2

Switch on the low voltage disconnection circuit breaker AF11 and then the
battery circuit breaker(s) into ON -position.

5.2

Check the battery polarity by measuring the voltage over the battery circuit
breaker.

5.2

Check, that the load is connected to the distribution DC-terminals and switch
on the DC-distribution circuit breakers connected to the load.
Check the functioning of the system.

4. Checking the functioning of the rectifiers


Ref.

Function

Complete

5.3

Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current.

5.3

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually.

5.3

Let the controller discharge the batteries a few minutes.

5.3

Stop the battery test.

11 July 2008

24

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

5. Checking the control and alarm system


Ref.

Function

Complete

5.4.1

Check the settings from the display or login to the PSC 3 Configuration and
Supervision Tool.

5.4.1

Check the following settings:


Alarm limits
System voltage
Temp Comp
Battery Test
Equalize

5.4.1

After changes save the settings.

5.4.2

Check the alarm LEDs.

5.4.3

Check the fuse monitoring.

5.4.3

Check the rectifier failure alarm.

5.4.4

Test the mains failure alarm (MF).


After testing, attach all the covers of the system to their correct places.

6. Finishing
Update the drawings if any changes have been made.
Update the test report if any changes were made to the controller settings.
Clean the site.

11 July 2008

25

Energy Systems
INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

DPS 1200B-48-12 FFD WITH PSC 3

11 July 2008

26

Energy Systems

Maintenance Instructions
DC Power Supply Systems

50001_04
Issue 7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

POWER SYSTEM MAINTENANCE...............................................................................7


2.1

Introduction........................................................................................................7

2.2

Preventive maintenance ....................................................................................7

2.3

Rectifier maintenance........................................................................................7

2.3.1

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers...........................................................7

2.3.1.1 Power systems with PSC 1000 controller ..........................................................7


2.3.1.2 Power systems with PSC 3 controller................................................................8
2.3.2

Rectifier replacement in a running system.........................................................9

2.3.2.1 Fan cooled rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the back ...........9
2.3.2.2 Fan cooled rectifier, with AC input interface on the front ...................................9
2.3.2.3 SMPS rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the front ...................9
2.3.3

Fan replacement procedure with fan cooled rectifiers .....................................10

2.3.3.1 Rectifier DPR 1200B-48 ..................................................................................10


2.3.3.2 Rectifiers with both input and output interfaces on the back............................10
2.3.3.3 Rectifier with AC input interface on the front....................................................11
2.4

Power system controller maintenance.............................................................11

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

50001_04

Maintenance of DC Power Supply Systems

Previous version

Description of changes

50001_03

Information about PSC 3 controller and DPR 1200B-48


rectifier added.
Controlled by

Date
07.10.2004

Markku Havukainen
Approved by

Date
07.10.2004

Petteri Turkki

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

This page is intentionally left blank.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

POWER SYSTEM MAINTENANCE

2.1

Introduction
The power system is designed for unmanned operation and normally all the actions
are carried out automatically by the controller unit. Therefore the actions undertaken
are either preventive maintenance or repair.

2.2

Preventive maintenance
The purpose of the preventive maintenance is to reveal the potential failures of the
monitoring and alarm circuitry. The exception is the batteries, which should be
checked and maintained regularly according to the instructions of manufacturer
delivered with the batteries.
To ensure high system reliability the most important measures are:

Verification of the mechanical condition and connections of the batteries.

Verification of the functioning of the controller unit.

To ensure the high life expectancy of the batteries the most important
measures are:

The quality of the battery maintenance, cell voltage, ambient temperature.

Verification of the battery float charge voltage.

2.3

Rectifier maintenance

2.3.1

Checking the functioning of the rectifiers


Checking the functioning of the rectifiers is part of preventive maintenance actions
recommended to be carried out once a year as follows.
Check that the rectifiers are able to deliver current. The method is to first discharge
the batteries for a while and then recharge them. The controller carries out the
procedure, which decreases the rectifier voltages below the discharging voltage of
the batteries. Therefore in case of a battery failure the system will not crash.

2.3.1.1 Power systems with PSC 1000 controller


Step 1.

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually from the
controller sub-menu 8. Battery Test and then from its sub-menu 8.
Battery Test. Press <ENTER> to activate the test.

Step 2.

Let the controller discharge the batteries few minutes.

Step 3.

Stop the battery test from the controller and exit from the battery test
sub-menu.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

2.3.1.2 Power systems with PSC 3 controller

Step 1.

Start the discharging by activating the battery test manually from the
controller menu (web user interface): Battery Control. The battery test
is started by clicking on the Start in the Battery Test section of Battery
Control menu.

Note!

If the Start button is not available, check the starting conditions by


clicking on the Info. All the starting conditions must be true before the
battery test can be executed.

Step 2.

After the battery test, check the results from the menu Test Results.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

2.3.2

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Rectifier replacement in a running system

2.3.2.1 Fan cooled rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the back
(e.g. FR 48 V 2000 W E and DPR 1200B-48)
Step 1.

Remove rectifier module

Step 2.

Place new rectifier into its rack position

Step 3.

Check system (controller) for alarms.

2.3.2.2 Fan cooled rectifier, with AC input interface on the front


(FR 48 V 1200 W)
Step 1.

Unplug AC and signal bus cables

Step 2.

Remove rectifier module

Step 3.

Plug in AC cable to new rectifier (same settings!)

Step 4.

Check LED ok and output voltage

Step 5.

Place new rectifier into its rack position

Step 6.

Connect system bus cable(s)

Step 7.

Check system (controller) for alarms.

2.3.2.3 SMPS rectifiers, with both input and output interfaces on the front
(e.g. SMPS 48 V 1900 W)
Step 1.

Switch off AC breaker and DC breaker

Step 2.

Remove DC plug, AC plug and system bus plug

Step 3.

Remove rectifier module

Step 4.

Check spare module (See Installation and commissioning)

Step 5.

Mount spare module

Step 6.

Insert AC plug

Step 7.

Insert DC plug

Step 8.

Switch on AC breaker

Step 9.

Switch on DC breaker

Step 10.

Connect system bus cable

Step 11.

Check system (controller) for alarms

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

2.3.3

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Fan replacement procedure with fan cooled rectifiers

2.3.3.1 Rectifier DPR 1200B-48


Rectifier DPR 1200B-48 does not contain any user serviceable parts inside the unit.
A faulty rectifier module should be replaced as a complete unit.

2.3.3.2 Rectifiers with both input and output interfaces on the back
(e.g. FR 48 V 2000 W E)
To replace a defective fan proceed as follows:
Step 1.

Remove central fixation screw (1)

Step 2.

Remove rectifier module

Step 3.

Remove front panel screws (2)

Step 4.

Unplug fan connector (3)

Step 5.

Remove fan (4)

Step 6.

Replace the fan, note that the air stream direction must be towards
rectifier inside (see indication arrow on fan housing)

Step 7.

Remount the parts in reverse order.


2
100 %
Iout

ok

10 %

FR 48 V - 2000 W - E

Front view with panel

10

P0043

P0042

Front view without panel

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

2.3.3.3 Rectifier with AC input interface on the front


(e.g. FR 48-1200W)
Step 1.

Remove central fixation screw (1)

Step 2.

Pull out AC connector (2) and signal bus connectors (3)

Step 3.

Remove front panel screws (4)

Step 4.

Unplug fan connector (5)

Step 5.

Remove fan (6)

Step 6.

Replace the fan, note that the air stream direction must be towards
rectifier inside (see indication arrow on fan housing)

Step 7.

Remount the parts in reverse order.


100 %
Iout

ok

10 %

Syst em bus

Input
230 V
7A
50 Hz

FR 48 V - 1200 W

P0045

P0044

Front view with panel

2.4

Front view without panel

Power system controller maintenance


Preventive maintenance actions recommended to be carried out once a year. Check
the functioning of the controller according to the Installation and Commissioning
section, chapter Checking the control and alarm system.

7 October 2004

11

Energy Systems
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

12

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

7 October 2004

Energy Systems

Troubleshooting
DC Power Supply Systems

60001_03
Issue 7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

DOCUMENT INFORMATION ........................................................................................5


1.1

Version control...................................................................................................5

TROUBLESHOOTING...................................................................................................7
2.1

PSC 1000 alarms and sources ..........................................................................7

2.1.1

Alarm LEDs of the PSC 1000 ............................................................................7

2.1.2

Alarms and alarm sources .................................................................................7

2.2

PSC 3 alarms and sources ..............................................................................10

2.2.1

System status indications ................................................................................10

2.2.2

Alarms and alarm sources ...............................................................................10

2.3

Rectifier alarms................................................................................................12

2.3.1

Fan cooled rectifiers ........................................................................................12

2.3.2

SMPS rectifiers................................................................................................13

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

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7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

DOCUMENT INFORMATION

1.1

Version control
Document number

Document description

60001_03

Troubleshooting for DC Power Supply Systems.

Previous version

Description of changes

60001_02

PSC 3 and DPR 1200B-48 related information added.


Controlled by

Date
07.10.2004

Markku Havukainen
Approved by

Date
07.10.2004

Petteri Turkki

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

This page is intentionally left blank.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

TROUBLESHOOTING
When trying to locate a fault in the power system proceed as follows:

2.1

Step 1.

Check the controller front panel display and alarm LEDs

Step 2.

Check the protocol (PSC 1000) or alarms (PSC 3) menu in the PSC

Step 3.

Check the LEDs on all rectifier front panels

PSC 1000 alarms and sources


This section helps to locate power system faults that are displayed in the PSC 1000.
Below in section 2.1.2 Alarms and alarm sources is a list of possible alarms, errors
and messages that appear in the protocol menu, following with information on the
possible cause of a fault and its clearance.

2.1.1

Alarm LEDs of the PSC 1000


Urgent Alarm (UA)
Non-urgent Alarm (NUA)
Mains Failure (MF)

2.1.2

Alarms and alarm sources


Message

Alarm

Definition

RM Failure

UA

Rectifier failure according to configured


scheme ( Configuration)

RM Failure

NUA

Rectifier failure according to configured


scheme ( Configuration).

Load Fuse

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

One or more load fuses blown. Alarm as


configured ( Configuration).

Battery Fuse

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

One or more battery fuses blown. Alarm as


configured ( Configuration).

Usys high/Usys low

UA

System voltage above/below UA level Ua


max/Ua min. If charge mode is Battery
Test, UA due to Usys low is suppressed.

Usys high/Usys low

NUA

System voltage above/below NUA level Us


max/Us min. If charge mode is TC Float
Charge, NUA levels are temperature
compensated. If charge mode is Boost
Charge, Battery Test, Temp Comp or
Equalize alarm is suppressed. If mains
failure is active, alarm is or is not suppressed,
according to chosen configuration (
Configuration). Alarm is generated only a
couple of seconds after level has been
passed.

Utrip-low

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below Utrip-low


level for at least 20 seconds.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Isys high

NUA/UA

System current above Isys max. Alarm as


configured ( Configuration).

Psys high

NUA/UA

System power above Psys max. Alarm as


configured ( Configuration).

Battery Failure

UA/NUA

Battery test recognized battery as faulty.


Alarm has to be reset manually. Alarm as
configured ( Configuration).

Battery Failure
(U, I, T)

UA/NUA

Battery supervision recognized battery as


faulty. Alarm has to be reset manually. Alarm
as configured ( Configuration).

Mains Failure

MF

Mains failure recognized

Mains Failure

UA/NUA

Additional alarm in case of mains failure if


configured so ( Configuration). Generation
of alarm may be delayed (menu option
4.9.MF delay).

Usys Measurement

UA

The measured system voltage is not


plausible for at least 25 seconds. Plausible
voltage: 1090 Volt. When a failure in the
measurement of the system voltage is
recognized, the measured voltage is not
considered any more for controlling the
system voltage (= feed back loop stopped
open loop control).

Temp Measurement

UA/NUA

The measured battery temperature is not


plausible for at least 2 consecutive
measurement time slices.
Plausible temperature: -20+90C. Alarm as
configured ( Configuration). When a failure
in the measurement of the battery
temperature is recognized, PSC 1000 stops
temperature compensation of the system
voltage.

Temp 2 Measurement

UA/NUA

The measured ambient temperature is not


plausible for at least 25 seconds. Plausible
temperature: -20+90C. Alarm as
configured ( Configuration). When a failure
in the measurement of the ambient
temperature is recognized, PSC 1000 stops
temperature comparison of the battery
supervision.

A/D Failure

UA

Analog/Digital Converter does not work


properly. Hardware failure.

Alarm 1

NUA/UA

Auxiliary alarm input for general purpose.

Alarm 2

NUA/UA

Auxiliary alarm input for general purpose.

Utrip2-low

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below Utrip2low level for at least 20 seconds.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Utrip3-low

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

System voltage has dropped below Utrip3low level for at least 20 seconds.

Temp TRIP1

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

Temperature has gone above Ttrip1-high


level for at least 20 seconds.

Temp TRIP2

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

Depending on configuration, either


temperature has gone
a) above Ttrip2 OR
b) outside temperature band given by Ttrip2
and Ttrip , for at least 20 seconds.

System OVP

UA

System over voltage protection procedure


switches off the rectifiers (needs additional
system hardware). Alarm has to be reset
manually.

No Modem

NUA

If MODEM is not available or can not be


initialized correctly.

Temp high

UA/NUA/
No Alarm

Depending on configuration, either


temperature has gone above Temp high, for
at least 20 seconds.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

2.2

PSC 3 alarms and sources

2.2.1

System status indications


The alarm LEDs/indications of the PSC 3 UIM and web user interface can be
assigned to any event by the user. Check your system status assignments in the
web user interface (Configuration and Supervision Tool) menu:
Configuration I/O System status & UIM
Normally the LEDs are assigned as follows:

2.2.2

LED 1 / symbol

is assigned for S Urgent Alarm event

LED 2 / symbol

is assigned for S Non Urg Alarm event

LED 3 / symbol

is assigned for S Alarm suppr. event

LED 4 / symbol

is assigned for S Mainsfailure event

LED 5 / symbol

is assigned for Special mode event

Alarms and alarm sources


The alarms and alarm indications in the PSC 3 controller are user-definable. The
Urgent Alarm (UA), Non Urgent Alarm (NUA) and Mainsfailure Alarm exist as default
in the controller. The flexibility of the PSC 3 allows the user to define any event in
the controller under the UA and NUA alarm definitions. Also the naming of events is
user-definable. The following events are the most common conditions for the UA
and NUA alarms. The event names are based on the general instructions for
configuring the PSC 3 (see Installation and Commissioning section). All events with
prefix S are default system events that have a fixed name.
Note!

These events can only be seen in the user interface module (UIM) as a
source for UA or NUA alarms if they have been defined as alarms in the
Alarm Setup menu of the web user interface. Otherwise they will be
indicated only as UA or NUA alarms, without the further information
about the alarm source. The alarm source investigation can then be
done only through the web user interface of the PSC 3.

Event

Alarm

Definition

S Mainsfailure

MF

Mains failure recognized.

S Usys low

UA

The system voltage has dropped below the


threshold value of the S Usys low event.
Adjustable threshold, set by default to 46V.

S Urgent RFA

UA

Analogue Rectifier: Set if >1 rectifier failed.


Digital Rectifier: Adjustable, by default set if 2
or more rectifiers failed.

Usys high

10

UA

The system voltage gone above the threshold


value of the Usys high event.

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Ufuse_Lshunt1

UA

Fuse alarm for Load Shunt 1. The voltage


measurement of the load shunt 1 has
dropped below threshold value of the
Ufuse_Lshunt1 event.

Ufuse_Bshunt1

UA

Fuse alarm for Battery Shunt 1. The voltage


measurement of the battery shunt 1 has
dropped below threshold value of the
Ufuse_Bshunt1 event.

Ufuse_Bshunt2

UA

Fuse alarm for Battery Shunt 2. The voltage


measurement of the battery shunt 2 has
dropped below threshold value of the
Ufuse_Bshunt2 event.

S HW Failure

NUA

A system hardware failure has been


detected. This can be either a Temperature
sensor, a SENSN, a SSM or PSC 3 internal
failures. The alarm source can be
investigated only in the Log menu of the web
user interface.

S Non Urg RFA

NUA

Analogue Rectifier: Set if 1 rectifier failed.


Digital Rectifier: Adjustable, by default set if 1
rectifier failed.

Psys high

NUA

The total system power, calculated by the


PSC 3, has gone above the threshold value
of the Psys high event.

Tbatt high

NUA

The battery temperature measurement has


gone above the threshold value of the Tbatt
high event.

Tbatt low

NUA

The battery temperature measurement has


dropped below the threshold value of the
Tbatt low event.

PLD1 [U+t]

NUA

Load group 1 has been disconnected by the


Partial Load Disconnect (PLD). Either the
primary time threshold condition from
mainsfailure [t] or the secondary voltage
condition based on system voltage is true.

PLD2 [U+t]

NUA

Load group 2 has been disconnected by the


Partial Load Disconnect (PLD). Either the
primary time threshold condition from
mainsfailure [t] or the secondary voltage
condition based on system voltage is true.

7 October 2004

11

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

2.3

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Rectifier alarms
The following instructions can be helpful in case of a rectifier alarm, to find out
whether a rectifier is faulty or the failure is outside the rectifier module.

2.3.1

Fan cooled rectifiers


Internal failures can only be repaired in Delta Energy Systems factory, therefore the
faulty rectifier module in the system must be replaced with a new unit. With some
rectifiers the fan can be replaced (see maintenance instructions).
LED ok is off and an alarm is given:
Mains voltage is missing:

Check mains fuse and connector

OVP is activated:

Reset OVP by pulling out the connector for approx. 2


seconds

OTP is activated:

Check air flow at front, clean air filter

Fan failure, air flow


blocked:

Check air flow at front, clean air filter, check fan and
replace if necessary

Load sharing not working:

Check connector

DC connection open:

Check connector

Rectifier is faulty:

Replace rectifier module

Systems with PSC 3 and digital communication: additional troubleshooting:


COM-LED off or blinking

Communication failed. Check bus cable to PSC 3.


Check correct IMBUS termination.

If nothing helps, disconnect the AC connector (FR 48V-1200W) or pull out


(FR 48V-2000W-E and DPR 1200B-48) the rectifier module for 1 minute to reset the
microcontroller. The settings can only be checked or adjusted via separate
connector to an external programming box containing the appropriated software.

12

7 October 2004

Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

2.3.2

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

SMPS rectifiers
Internal failures can only be repaired in the Delta Energy Systems, therefore the
faulty rectifier module in the system must be replaced with a new unit.
LED ok OFF and alarm signal active:
Mains voltage missing:

Check mains fuse and AC connections

OVP / OTP activated:

Reset OVP (only if conditions for shut down are not


existing any more)

Fault inside the rectifier:

Replace rectifier module

LED ok is blinking and alarm signal active:


Load sharing not working:

Check U out and bus connection

DC connector open

Check DC connector and cable

Output fuse open

Check output fuse in the rack.

7 October 2004

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Energy Systems
TROUBLESHOOTING

14

DC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS

7 October 2004