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# 1.

## Hooks law holds good up to

(a) Proportional limit. (b) yield limit (c) elastic limit

## (d) plastic limit

2. The work done in producing strain on a material per unit volume is called
(a) Resilience
(b) ductility (c) elasticity (d) plasticity
3. The thermal stress is given by
(a) E T
(b) ET /

(c)

E / T

(d) 1/ ET

4. A simply supported beam carries a uniformly distributed load of w N per unit length over
the whole span (l) . The shear force at the center is
wl
wl
wl2
(a) 2
(b) 8
(c) 4
(d) zero
5.The impact strength of an material is an index of its
a. Toughness
b. Tensile strength
c. Hardness
d. Fatigue strength
6. If a material expands freely due to heating, it will develop
a. Thermal stress
b. Tensile stress
c. Compressive stress
d. No stress
7. Ductility of material can be defined as
a. Ability to undergo large permanent deformation in compression
b. Ability to recover its original form
c. Ability to undergo large permanent deformation in tension
d. All of the above
8. Stress is expressed as: (P = Load & A = Area)
(a) P/A
(b) A/P

(c) A.P.
(d) AAP
9. The strain at a point is a
(a) Scalar
(b) Vector
(c) Tensor
(d) None of these.
10. A brittle material has:
(a) Large plastic zone
(b) No plastic zone
(c) No elastic zone
(d) Very little elastic zone.
11. A body having similar properties throughout its volume is said
to be
:
(a) Isentropic
(b) Anisotropic
(c) Isotropic
(d) Homogeneous.
12. ln an elastic material stress is:
(a) Directly proportional to strain
(b) Not proportional to strain
(c) Unrelated to strain
(d) Sometimes proportional to strain.
13. Tensile stress is:
(a) Stress caused by varying load.
(b) Stress due to any force
(c) Stress due to change in length under a load.
(d) Stress measured by the ratio of the increase or decrease in length
of the unloaded piece under Tensile force.
14. A material which recovers fully after unloading but not
instantaneously is known as
(a) Plastic
(b) Elastic
(c) An elastic
(d) Inelastic

## 15. Rocks indicates their deformation under loads is related with:

(a) Modulus of elasticity
(b) Hooks law
(c) Youngs modulus
(d) All the above.
16. Figure-out the odd point in the following
(a) Proportinal limit

## 17. Value of Poissons ratio for ionic solids in the range of

(a) 0.1

(b) 0.2

(c) 0.3

(d) 0.4

18. In terms of Poisson's ratio () the ratio of Young's Modulus (E) to Shear Modulus (G) of
elastic materials is:

## E = 2G (1 ) (b) K = 3 E (1 2 ) (c) E = 2G(1 + ) (d) G = 2 E (1 + )

19. The relationship between Young's modulus (E), Bulk modulus (K) and Poisson's ratio () is
given by:

## E = 3 K (1 2 ) (b) K = 3 E (1 2 ) (c) E = 3 K (1 ) (d) K = 3 E (1 )

20. A test specimen is stressed slightly beyond the yield point and then unloaded. Its yield
strength will:
a

Decrease (b) Increase (c) Remains same (d) Becomes equal to ultimate tensile strength

## 21. If the value of Poisson's ratio is zero, then it means that

(a) The material is rigid.
(b) The material is perfectly plastic.
(c) There is no longitudinal strain in the material
(d) The longitudinal strain in the material is infinite
22. For a linearly elastic, isotropic and homogeneous material, the number of
elastic constants required to relate stress and strain is:
a)Two

(b) Three

(c) Four

(d) Six

23. If a material had a modulus of elasticity of 2.1 106 kgf/cm2 and a modulus of rigidity of
0.8 106 kgf/cm2 then the approximate value of the Poisson's ratio of the material would be:
a)0.26
(b) 0.31
(c) 0.47
(d) 0.5
24. Match List I (Materials) with List II (Stress-Strain curves) and select the correct answer
using the codes given below the Lists:

Codes:
A
(a)
(c)

B
3
2

C
1
4

D
4
3

1
1

(b)
(d)

A
3
4

B
2
1

C
4
3

D
2
2

## 25. The strain at a point is a

(a) Scalar
(b) Vector
(c) Tensor
(d) None of these.
26. A brittle material has:
(a) Large plastic zone
(b) No plastic zone
(c) No elastic zone
(d) Very little elastic zone.
27. A body having similar properties throughout its volume is said to be:
(a) Isentropic
(b) Anisotropic

(c) Isotropic
(d) Homogeneous.
28. ln an elastic material stress is:
(a) Directly proportional to strain
(b) Not proportional to strain
(c) Unrelated to strain
(d) Sometimes proportional to strain.
29. A material which recovers fully after unloading but not instantaneously is
known as:
(a) Plastic
(b) Elastic
(c) An elastic
(d) Inelastic
30. Rocks indicates their deformation under loads is related with:
(a) Modulus of elasticity
(b) Hooks law
(c) Youngs modulus
(d) All the above.
31. A test specimen is stressed slightly beyond the yield point and then unloaded. Its yield strength will:
(a) Decrease (b) Increase
strength

## 32. If the value of Poisson's ratio is zero, then it means that

(a) The material is rigid.
(b) The material is perfectly plastic.
(c) There is no longitudinal strain in the material
(d) The longitudinal strain in the material is infinite.
33. If the area of cross-section of a wire is circular and if the radius of this circle decreases to half its original
value due to the stretch of the wire by a load, then the modulus of elasticity of the wire be:
(a) One-fourth of its original value (b) Halved (c) Doubled (d) Unaffected
34. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?
1. Resilience Resistance to deformation.
2. Malleability ..Shape change.
3. Creep ........................ Progressive deformation.
4. Plasticity .... .Permanent deformation.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

## Codes: (a) 2, 3 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 3 (c) 1, 2 and 4 (d) 1, 3 and 4

35. What is the phenomenon of progressive extension of the material i.e., strain increasing with the time at a
constant load, called?
(a) Plasticity (b) Yielding (b) Creeping (d) Breaking
36. For a linearly elastic, isotropic and homogeneous material, the number of elastic constants required to
relate stress and strain is:
(a) Two (b) Three (c) Four (d) Six
37. E, G, K and represent the elastic modulus, shear modulus, bulk modulus and Poisson's ratio respectively
of a linearly elastic, isotropic and homogeneous material. To express the stress-strain relations completely for
this material, at least
(a) E, G and must be known
(b) E, K and must be known
(c) Any two of the four must be known
(d) All the four must be known
38. A 100 mm 5 mm 5 mm steel bar free to expand is heated from 15C to 40C. What shall be developed?
(a) Tensile stress (b) Compressive stress (c) Shear stress (d) No stress
39. Which one of the following statements is correct? If a material expands freely due to heating, it will
develop
(a) Thermal stress (b) Tensile stress (c) Compressive stress (d) No stress
40. A cube with a side length of 1 cm is heated uniformly 1C above the room temperature and all the sides
are free to expand. What will be the increase in volume of the cube? (Given coefficient of thermal expansion is
a per C) The temperature stress is a function of
1. Coefficient of linear expansion 2. Temperature rise 3. Modulus of elasticity
The correct answer is:
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
41. The independent elastic constants for a homogenous and isotropic material are
(a) E, G, K, v (b) E, G, K (c) E, G, v (d) E, G
42. The unit of elastic modulus is the same as those of
(a) Stress, shear modulus and pressure (b) Strain, shear modulus and force
(c) Shear modulus, stress and force (d) Stress, strain and pressure.
43. The Young's modulus of elasticity of a material is 2.5 times its modulus of rigidity. The Posson's ratio for
the material will be:
(a) 0.25

## (b) 0.33 (c) 0.50

(d) 0.75

44. For an isotropic, homogeneous and linearly elastic material, which obeys Hooke's law, the number of
independent elastic constant is:
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3

(d) 6

## 45. Which one of the following materials is highly elastic?

(a) Rubber (b) Brass (c) Steel (d) Glass