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ANALOG IAS INSTITUTE TEST SERIES - 2015

C.S.(P)-2015

DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE ASKED TO DO SO


T.B.C. : P-PFC-L-CGJB
TEST BOOKLET SERIES

Serial No.

TEST BOOKLET
CSAT (PAPER II)

ENGLISH COMPREHENSION & ARITHMETIC


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CSAT TEST SERIES 2015


Number of Questions: 80

Marks: 200

PASSAGE : 1

Time : 120 Min

American influence on the folktales

Extended debate concerning the exact point

(b) Do not pay enough attention to the

of origin of individual folktales told by Afro-

features of a folktale that best

American slaves has unfortunately taken

reveal an African influence

precedence

over

analysis

of

the

(c) Overestimate

tales

the

number

of

meaning and function. Cultural continuities

folktales brought from Africa by the

with

slaves

Africa

were

not

dependent

on

importation and perpetuation of specific

(d) Do not consider the fact that a

folktales in their pristine form. It is in the

folktale can be changed as it is

place that tales occupied in the lives of the

retold many times

slaves and in the meaning slaves derived


from them that the clearest resemblances to
African
American

tradition
slaves

can
did

be

found.

Afro-

not

borrow

tales

2.

(a) Create a new field of study


(b) Discredit an existing field of study

indiscriminately from the Whites among

(c) Change the focus of a field of study

whom they lived. Black people were most

(d) Transplant

influenced by those Euro-American tales


whose functional meaning and aesthetic
appeal had the greatest similarity to the

The authors main purpose is to

scholarly

techniques

from one field of study to another


3.

The passage suggests that the author

tales with deep roots in their ancestral

would regard which of the following

homeland. Regardless of where slave tales

areas of inquiry as most likely to

came from, the essential point is that, with

reveal the slaves cultural continuities

respect to language, delivery, details of

with Africa?

characterization, and plot, slaves quickly

(a) The

made them their own.


1.

The author claims that most studies


of folktales told by Afro-American
slaves are inadequate because the
studies
(a) Fail to recognize any possible Euro-

disseminated

by

which

their

Blacks

folktales

in

nineteenth-century America
(b) Specific regional differences in the
styles of delivery used by the slaves
in telling folktales
(c) The functional meaning of Black
folktales in

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means

the

lives of White
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PASSAGE : 2

children raised by slave

4.

5.

6.

(d) The specific way the slaves used

The energy contained in rock within the

folktales to impart moral teaching

earths crust represents a nearly unlimited

to their children

energy source, but until recently commercial

The sum of four consecutive even

retrieval has been limited to underground

numbers is 284. What would be the

hot water and/or steam recovery systems.

smallest number?

These systems have been developed in areas

(a) 72

(b) 74

of recent volcanic activity, where high rates

(c) 68

(d) 66

of heat flow cause visible eruption of water

The product of two consecutive odd

in the form of geysers and hot springs. In

numbers is 6723. What is the greatest

other areas, however, hot rock also exists

number?

near the surface but there is insufficient

(a) 85

(b) 93

water

(c) 95

(d) 83

phenomena. Thus a potential hot dry rock

Find the maximum number of students

(HDR) reservoir exists whenever the amount

among whom 2002 pens and 1820

of spontaneously produced geothermal fluid

pencils can be distributed in such a way

has been judged inadequate for existing

that each student gets the same number

commercial systems.

of pens and same number of pencils.

7.

8.

present

to

produce

eruptive

As a result of recent energy crisis, new

(a) 182

(b) 91

concepts

(c) 180

(d) 273

systemswhich involve drilling holes and

for

creating

HDR

recovery

1/8 part of pencil is black, part of

connecting

the remaining is white. If the remaining

placed deep within the crustare being

part is blue and length of this blue part

developed. In all attempts to retrieve energy

is 3 cm. find the length of the pencil.

from HDRs, artificial stimulation will be

(a) 6 cm

(b) 7 cm

required

(c) 8 cm

(d) 9 cm

permeability or bounded

them

to

to

create

artificial

either
flow

reservoirs

sufficient
paths to

The difference between the squares of

facilitate the removal of heat by circulation

two numbers is 2560 and sum of these

of a fluid over the surface of the rock.

two numbers is 160. Find the numbers.

The HDR resource base is generally

(a) 82 and 66

(b) 88 and 72

defined to included crustal rock that is

(c) 92 and 68

(d) 45 and 22

hotter than 150, is at depths less than ten


kilometers, and can be drilled with presently
available equipment. Although wells deeper
than ten kilometers are technically feasible,
prevailing economic factors will obviously

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determine the commercial feasibility of wells

9.

The primary purpose of the passage is

at such depths. Rock temperatures as low

to

as 100 may be useful for space heating;

(a) Alert readers to the existence of

however,

for

temperatures

producing
greater

electricity,

than

200

HDRs

are

geothermal

gradient,

which

in

the

recoverability

of

American
Geologists

Association
suggest

that

kept
of

by

(d) Encourage

the

across the United States. (There are many

10.

the

of

new

recovery

of

According the passage, an average


geothermal

gradient

of

22

per

kilometer of depth can be used to


(a) Balance the economics of HDR

Indications are that the HDR resource

energy retrieval against that of

base is very large. If an average geothermal

underground hot water or steam

temperature gradient of 22 per kilometer

recovery systems

of depth is used, a staggering 13,000,000

(b) Determine the amount of energy

of total energy are

that will used for space heating in

calculated to be contained in crustal rock to

the United States

a ten-kilometer depth in the United States. If

(c) Provide comparisons between hot

we conservatively estimate that only about

water and HDR energy sources in

0.2 percent is recoverable, we find a total of

United States

all the coal remaining in the United States.

(d) Estimate the total HDR resource

The remaining problem is to balance the

base in the United States

economics of deeper, hotter, more costly


wells and shallower, cooler, less expensive

for

use

and steam

gradient records exist.)

B.T.U.s

that

energy from underground hot water

areas, however, for which no temperature

quadrillion

the

techniques

high-

temperature gradients are distributed all

challengers

feasible alternative

Petroleum

tappable

the

HDRs are not an economically

maps generated from oil and gas well


records

(b) Document

(c) Warn the users of coal and oil that

geothermal resources. Temperature gradient


temperature-depth

energy

to recover energy from HDRs

required to reach a desired temperature, is a


factor

available

have been surmounted in the effort

specifically determines the depth of drilling


major

an

source

desirable.
The

as

11.

It can be inferred from the passage

wells against the value of the final product,

that the availability of temperature-

electricity and/or heat.

depth records for any specific area in


the United States depends primarily
on the

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(a) Possibility

that

HDRs

may

be

increased by 1, then the resulting

found in that area

fraction is equal to .if however, the


numerator

(b) Existence of previous attempts to

(d) Failure of inhabitants to conserve


oil gas reserves in that area
According to the passage, in all HDR
fluid

will

15.

(b) 3/5

(c) 1/7

(d) 2/5

A cricketer whose bowling average is

average by 0.4. Find out the number of


wickets taken by him till the last match.

(b) Artificial stimulation

(a) 75

(b) 81

(c) Drilling of holes

(c) 85

(d) 79

16.

(d) Transfer of heat


to

the

passage,

if

the number of passengers travelling


between these stations by 1st and 2nd

area is 220C per kilometer of depth,

classes is 1:50. If on a particular day

which of the following can be reliably

Rs.2650

predicted?
I.

III. Insufficient water is present to


produce eruptive phenomena.
(a) I only
(b) II only
(c) I and II only
(d) II and III only

travelling

from

between

the
these

from 2nd class passengers.

Drilling of wells deeper than 10


feasible.

collected

stations, then find the amount collected

for the production of electricity.


kilometers will be economically

be

passengers

The temperature at the base of a


10-kilometer well will be sufficient

II.

The ratio of 1st and 2nd classes train fairs


between two stations is 3:1 and that of

the

average geothermal gradient in an

14.

(a) 2/7

26 runs and thereby decreases his

(a) Sufficient permeability

According

and

12.4 runs per wicket, takes 5 wickets for

be

necessary in order to allow

13.

the original fraction.

steam recovery efforts in that area

systems

by

resulting fraction is equal to 3/5 . Find

(c) History of successful hot water or

recovery

increased

denominator is decreased by 2, then the

obtain oil or gas in that area

12.

is

17.

(a) Rs. 2000

(b) Rs. 1500

(c) Rs. 2400

(d) Rs. 2500

Rs. 2186 are distributed amongst A,B


and C. if money given to them is
decreased by Rs.26, Rs.28 and Rs.32,
respectively, then they have money in
the ratio of 9:13:8. What is the amount
given to A?
(a) Rs.575

(b) Rs.640

(c) Rs.672

(d) None of them

If the numerator of a certain fraction is


increased by 2 and the denominator is

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18.

Two vessels P and Q contain wine and

Criminal

prohibitions

water in the ratio of 5:2 and 8:5,

technological activity in areas impinging on

respectively. Find the ratio in which

fundamental social values, or they may

these mixtures are to be mixed to get a

modify human behavior likely to result from

new mixture containing wine and water

technological applicationsfor example, the

in the ratio 9:4

deactivation of automotive pollution control


in

order

(b) 7:2

devices

(c) 7:3

(d) 3:7

performance. Alteration of decision-making

Four legal approaches may be followed in


to

channel

technological

development in socially useful direction:


specific

directives,

market

incentive

modifications, criminal prohibitions, and


changes

in

decision-making

structures.

Specific directives involve the governments


identifying one or more factors controlling
research, development, or implementation of
a given technology. Directives affecting such
factors

may

vary

from

administrative

regulation of private activity to government


ownership
Market

of

technological

incentive

operation.

modifications

are

deliberate alterations of the market within


private

development

decisions
and

regarding

the

implementation

of

technology are made. Such modifications


may consist of imposing taxes to cover the
costs to society of a given technology,
granting subsidies to pay for social benefits
of a technology, creating the right to sue to
prevent certain technological development,
or easing procedural rules to enable the
recovery of damages to compensate for harm
caused by destructive technological activity.

includes

or

responsibility

vehicle

all

possible

of

private

and

public

entities deciding questions of technological


development

and

implementation.

Such

alterations include the addition of publicinterest members to corporate boards, the


imposition

by

governmental

statute

of

duties

on

and

the

decision-makers,

extension of warranties in response to


consumer action.
Effective use of these methods to
control technology depends on whether or
not the goal of regulation is the optimal
allocation of resources. When the object is
optimal

resource

allocation,

that

combination of legal methods should be


used that most nearly yields the allocation
that would exist if there were no external
costs resulting from allocating resources
through market activity. There are external
costs when the price set by buyers and
sellers of goods fails to include some costs,
to anyone, that result from the production
and use of the goods. Such costs are
internalized when buyers pay them.
Air

pollution

from

motor

vehicles

imposes external costs on all those exposed

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improve

modifications in the authority, constitution,

PASSAGE : 3
attempting

to

modify

(a) 2:7

structures

which

may

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to it, in the form of soiling, materials


damage, and disease: these externalities
result from failure to place a price on air,

basis of monetary exchange values


21.

between private buyers and sellers

thus making it a free good, common to all.


Such

externalities

lead

to

have effects on society that generally

nonoptimal

(a) Are harmful when all factors are

resource allocation, because the private net

considered

product and the social net product of

(b) Give

market activity are not often identical. If all

(d) Encompass more than the effects

optimal allocation of resources at a given

on the buyers and sellers alone

time.
22.

of the following?

(a) Objectives and legal method for

(a) Protecting

directing technological development


problem

of

to

controlling

facilitating

transactions

between

for

The author cites air pollution from


motor vehicles in passage in order to
(a) Revise cost estimates calculated by
including the costs of resources
(b) Evaluate legal methods used to
prevent technological developments
(c) Give examples of costs not included
in buyer-seller bargains
(d) Refute hypotheses not made on the

to cease
23.

A gasoline-conservation tax on the


purchase of large automobiles, with
the proceeds of the tax rebated to
purchasers of small automobiles, is an
example of
(a) A specific directive
(b) A market incentive modification
(c) An optimal resource allocation
(d) An alteration of a decision-making
structure

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(d) Causing technological development

technological development in light

20.

interests

free market

the

of environmentalist objections

opposing

(c) Intervening in the activity of the

between

slowing

for

business

for

buyers and sellers


(d) Reasons

environment

(b) Changing the balance of power

market

procedures

the

future use

the

activity
(c) Economic

It can be inferred from the passage


that the author does NOT favor which

with describing

approaches

ever-increasing

natural resources

longer improve the situation, thus giving an

(b) Technical

to

(c) Reflect an optimal allocation of

would occur until bargaining could no

The passage is primarily concerned

rise

resource costs

externalities were internalized, transactions

19.

According to the passage, transactions

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24.

If there were no external costs, as they

are beneficial.

are described in the passage, which of

(d) The current state of technological

the following would be true?


(a) All

development

technology-control

methods

would be effective.

27.

good

Ayush and Babloo are partners in a


capital for 15 months and Babloo
received 2/3 of the profit. How long

(c) Prices would include all costs to

Babloos money used?

members of society.
(d) Some decision-making structures
would be altered.
author

assumes

that,

in

28.

value

to

the

workshop
invested

investing
additional

an amount of Rs.97500. what will be


Nitins share in the earning?

to

bear

damage

the

(a) Rs.55000

(b) Rs.66000

from

(c) Rs.75000

(d) Rs.45000

technological developments
(d) Predict

he

the opening of workshop, they earned

theoretical optimum
of

opened

amount. On completion of 4 years from

(b) Combine legal methods to yield the

burden

Nitin

Sameer did not invest any additional

technology

buyers

(d) 7 months

an amount of Rs.85000. thereafter,

all

damage resulting from the use of

(c) Convince

(c) 11 months

years his friend Sameer joined him with

possible to
monetary

(b) 9 months

amount of Rs.10000 every year. After 2

allocation of resources, it would be


(a) Assign

(a) 10 months

Rs.40000.

determining what would be an optimal

costs

of

29.
new

25 men can reap a field in 20 days.


When should 15 men leave the work. If

technological developments
26.

business Ayush contribute of the

illegal.

The

in

allocation of resources.

(b) Some resource allocations would be

25.

results

the whole of the field is to be reaped in

On the basis of the passage, it can be

37 days after they leave the work?

inferred that the author would agree

(a) 5 days

(b) 10 days

with which of the following statements

(c) 7 days

(d) 9 days

concerning technological development.


(a) The

government

should

own

technological operations.
(b) The

effect

of

technological

development cannot be controlled.

30.

If 10 spiders can catch 10 flies in 10


minutes, how many flies, can 200
spiders catch in 200 minutes?
(a) 200

(b) 2000

(c) 4000

(d) 3000

(c) Some technological developments

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31.

A tank can be filled by a tap in 20min

32.

The passage contains information that

and by another tap in 60 min. both the

would answer which of the following

taps are kept open for 5 min and then

questions about the carbon cycle?

the 1st tap is shut off. After this, how

I.

What are some of the compounds

much time the tank will be completely

that are broken down in the

filled?

carbon cycle?

(a) 20 min

(b) 30 min

(c) 45 min

(d) 40 min

II.

are involved in the carbon cycle


less reactive than others?

PASSAGE : 4

III. What role do bacteria and fungi

The whole biosphere, like the individual

play in the carbon cycle?

organisms that live inside it, exists in a


chemically

dynamic

state.

In

this

homeostatic system, a great number of


organic

compounds

are

Why are some compounds that

synthesized,

33.

(a) I only

(b) II only

(c) III only

(d) I and III only

The author implies that which of the

transformed, and decomposed continuously;

following is the primary reason that

together, these processes constitute the

degradation

major parts of the carbon cycle. For the

synthesis to the smooth operation of

smooth operation of this cycle, degradation

the carbon cycle?

is just as important as synthesis: the green

(a) Most of the polymers and organic

plants produce great quantities of polymers,

compounds found in the plant

such as cellulose, and innumerable other

kingdom are chemically unstable.

compounds like alkaloids, terpenes, and

(b) The

is

as

synthesis

important

of

some

as

organic

flavonoids, that green plants cannot use as

material deprives life processes of

sources of energy during respiration. The

an energy source.

release of the carbon in these compounds

(c) Decomposition

for recycling depends almost entirely on the


action

of

both

aerobic

and

otherwise

bacteria and certain types of fungi. Some

again.

certain

bacteria and fungi.


34.

The authors contention about the


importance of bacteria and fungi in
the

production

processes

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as a source of food, but can feed on

being able to catalyze the oxidation of

form that actively enters into life cycles once

fixed

(d) Many organisms cannot use plants

extremely important biochemical asset of

dioxide and so return much carbon to a

be

substances.

bacteria and fungi possess the unique and

reaction sequences that produce carbon

the

recycling of carbon that would

anaerobic

numerous inert products, thereby initiating

permits

would

of

energy
be

most

for

life

clearly

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strengthened if which of the following

between the speed of the boat and speed

were found to be true?

of the water current, respectively?


anaerobes

(a) 2:1

(b) 3:2

provide sources of energy through

(c) 8:3

(d) Cannot be determined

(a) Both
the

aerobes

and

decomposition

of

organic

38.

that of Aarti, then income of Aarti is how

material.
(b) Most

compounds

much

containing

less

than

Vandana?

sources except to some bacteria

(a) 18%

(b) 25%

and fungi.

(c) 20%

(d) 24%

39.

that

of

A student has to score 40% marks to

inert material in ways that do not

get through. If he gets 40 marks and

involve oxidation.

fails by 40 marks. Find the maximum

(d) Many

compounds

remain

marks set for the examination.

inert,

even in the presence of bacteria


and fungi.

(a) 200

(b) 250

(c) 300

(d) 150

A car covers a distance from town A to


town B at the speed of 58 km/hr and
covers the distance from town B to town
A at the speed of 52 km/hr. what is the
approximate average speed of the car?
(a) 55 km/hr

(b) 52 km/hr

(c) 48 km/hr

(d) 60 km/hr

36. A train leaves Mumbai for Goa at 3:45


pm and goes at the rate of 50 km/hr.
another train leaves Goa for Mumbai at
2:35 pm and goes at the speed of 60
km/hr. if distance between Mumbai and
Goa is 510 km. at what distance from
Mumbai will the two trains meet?

37.

percent

carbon are unavailable as energy

(c) Bacteria and fungi break down

35.

If income of Vandana is 25% more than

(a) 200 km

(b) 150 km

(c) 145 km

(d) 300 km

A boat running upstream takes 528 min


to cover a certain distance, while it takes
240 min to cover the same distance
running downstream. What is the ratio

PASSAGE: 5
Even as the number of females processed
through juvenile courts climbs steadily, an
implicit consensus remains among scholars
in criminal justice that male adolescents
define

the

problem

in

the

United States. We suggest two reasons why


this view persists. First, female adolescents
are accused primarily of victimless crimes,
such as truancy, that do not involve clearcut damage to persons or property. If
committed by adults, these actions are not
even considered prosecutable; if committed
by juvenile males, they have traditionally
been looked on leniently by the courts.
Thus,

ironically,

the

plight

of

female

delinquents receives little scrutiny because


they are accused of committing relatively
minor offenses. Second, the courts have long

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justified so-called preventive intervention

42.

The passage suggests that scholars in

into the lives of young females viewed as

criminal justice could be criticized for

antisocial with the rationale that women are

which of the following?

especially vulnerable. Traditional stereotypes

(a) Underestimating the seriousness of

of

women

dependent

as

the

sex

weaker

have

and

led

intervention

and

longer

misdirected

supervision

to

more
earlier

periods
for

juvenile crime
(b) Rationalizing the distinction made

of

between juveniles and adults in the

female

legal system

delinquents than for males.


40.

(c) Concerning themselves too little

Which of the following statements best

with the prevention of juvenile

expresses the irony pointed out by the

delinquency

authors in the passage?

(d) Focusing on those whose crimes

(a) Female delinquents tend to commit

have involved damage to persons or

victimless crimes more frequently


than their male counterparts.
(b) The

predicament

43.

sold it to C at a loss of 20%. If C bought

delinquents receives more attention

the watch for Rs.432, at what price did

than that of females because males

A purchase it?

are

(a) Rs.385.71

(b) Rs.216

(c) Rs.250

(d) Rs.550

of

more

serious

crimes.
(c) Adults are frequently punished less
severely

than

adolescents

44.

time is 4:10?

(d) The juvenile justice system cannot


correct its biases because it does
not even recognize them.

Find the angle between the hour hand


and minute hand of a clock when the

for

committing more serious crimes.

41.

A sold a watch to B at 40% gain and B

male

accused

of

property

45.

(a) 65

(b) 35

(c) 125

(d) 60

A watch which gains uniformly, is 5 min


slow at 7 oclock in the morning on

It can be inferred from the passage

Sunday and it is 5 minutes 48 sec fast

that the authors believe traditional

at 7 pm on following Sunday. Which day

stereotypes of women to be

was it correct?

(a) Frequently challenged


(b) Persistently inexplicable

(a) Friday

(b) Saturday

(c) Tuesday

(d) Wednesday

(c) Potentially harmful


(d) Rapidly changing

46.

What was the day of the week on 2nd


January 2010, if it was Sunday on 1st
January 2006?

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47.

(a) Saturday

(b) Thursday

Hawaiian chain; they are also aligned from

(c) Sunday

(d) Friday

the east toward the northwest, with the

In how many ways can 8 Indians, 4

most recent volcanic activity near their

Americans and 4 Englishmen be seated

eastern terminuses.

in a row so that all persons of the same

That the Pacific plate and the other

nationality sit together?

plates are moving is now beyond dispute;

(a) 8! *4! *4!

(b) 3! * 8! *4! *4!

the relative motion of the plates has been

(c) 3! *4! *4!

(d) 3! * 8! *4!

reconstructed in detail. However, the relative


motion of the plates with respect to the

PASSAGE: 6

Earths interior cannot be determined easily.

Scattered around the globe are more than

Hot

one hundred regions of volcanic activity

instruments for resolving the question of

known as hot spots. Unlike most volcanoes,

whether two continental plates are moving

hot

the

in opposite directions or whether one is

boundaries of the continental and oceanic

stationary and the other is drifting away

plates that comprise the Earths crust; most

from it. The most compelling evidence that a

hot spots lie deep in the interior of plates

continental plate is stationary is that, at

and are anchored deep in the layers of the

some hot spots, lavas of several ages are

Earths

superposed instead of being spread out in

spots

are

rarely

surface.

Hot

found

spots

along

are

also

spots

provide

the

distinguished from other volcanoes by their

chronological

lavas, which contain greater amounts of

reconstruction of plate motion from the

alkali metals than do those from volcanoes

tracks of hot-spot volcanoes assumes that

at plate margins.

hot spots are immobile, or nearly so. Several

In some cases, plates moving past hot

studies

sequence.

measuring

support

that

an
has

course,

assumption,

spots have left trails of extinct volcanoes in

including

much the same way that wind passing over

prominent hot spots throughout the world

a chimney carries off puffs of smoke. It

seem not to have moved during the past ten

appears that the Hawaiian Islands were

million years.

created in such a manner by a single source

one

such

Of

shown

that

Beyond acting as frames of reference,

of lava, welling up from a hot spot, over

hot

which the Pacific Ocean plate passed on a

geophysical processes that propel the plates

course roughly from the east toward the

across the globe. When a continental plate

northwest, carrying off a line of volcanoes of

comes to rest over a hot spot, material

increasing age. Two other Pacific island

welling up from deeper layers forms a broad

chainsthe Austral Ridge and the Tuamotu

dome that, as it grows, develops deep

Ridgeparallel

fissures. In some instances, the continental

the

configuration

of

the

spots

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apparently

influence

the

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plate may rupture entirely along some of the

(b) Dimensions of ocean hot spots

fissures so that the hot spot initiates the

(c) Concurrent movement of two hot

formation of a new ocean. Thus, just as

spots

earlier theories have explained the mobility

(d) Configurations

of the continental plates, so hot-spot activity


may suggest a theory to explain their
mutability.
48.

51.

mid-

It can be inferred from the passage


that the spreading out of lavas of

The primary purpose of the passage is

different ages at hot spots indicates

to

that a

(a) Describe the way in which hot

(a) Hot spot is active


(b) Continental plate has moved

volcanoes

(c) Continental rupture is imminent

(b) Describe and explain the formation

(d) Hot spot had been moving very

of the oceans and continents


(c) Explain how to estimate the age of
lava flows from extinct volcanoes

rapidly
52.

the Austral Ridge, and the Tuamotu

they appear to influence and record

Ridge?

the motion of plates

(a) The three chains of islands are

According to the passage, hot spots

moving eastward.

differ from most volcanoes in that hot

(b) All the islands in the three chains

spots?

have stopped moving.

(a) Can only be found near islands


(b) Are

active

whereas

all

(c) The three island chains are a result

other

of the same plate movement.

volcanoes are extinct

(d) The Hawaiian Islands are receding

(c) Are situated closer to the earths

from the other two island chains at

surface
(d) Have greater amounts of alkali
metals in their lavas

The passage suggests which of the


following about the Hawaiian Islands,

(d) Describe hot spots and explain how

50.

several

ocean island chains

spots influence the extinction of

49.

of

a relatively rapid rate.


53.

Which of the following, if true, would


best support the authors statement

It can be inferred from the passage

that hot-spot activity may explain the

that evidence for the apparent course

mutability of continental plates?

of the Pacific plate has been provided


by the
(a) Contours of the continents

(a) Hot spots move more rapidly than


the continental and oceanic plates.
(b) Hot spots are reliable indicators of

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the age of continental plates.

find the length of the smallest side of


triangle.

(c) Hot spots are regions of volcanic


activity found only in the interiors

(a) 18 cm

(b) 22.5 cm

of the continental plates.

(c) 24 cm

(d) 27 cm

(d) The coastlines of Africa and South

54.

58.

A rectangular lawn 80m * 60m has two

America suggest that they may

roads each 10m wide running in the

once

single

middle of it, one parallel to the length

continent that ruptured along a

and another parallel to the breadth.

line of hot spots.

Find the cost of gravelling them at Rs.20

have

constituted

per sq m.

The authors argument that hot spots


can

be

used

to

reconstruct

the

movement of continental plates is


weakened by the fact that
(a) Hot spots are never found at the
boundaries of plates
(b) Only extinct volcanoes remain after
a plate moves over a hot spot

59.

(a) 35000

(b) 39000

(c) 26000

(d) 41000

A frustrum of a right circular cone has a


diameter of base and top 20 cm and 12
cm respectively and a height of 10 cm.
find the surface area?
(a) 969 sq cm

(b) 989 sq cm

(c) 1000 sq cm

(d) 1069 sq cm

(c) Lava flow patterns for all hot spots


PASSAGE: 7

have not been shown to be the


same

Although

(d) The immobility or near immobility


of

hot

spots

has

not

been

conclusively proven
55.

56.

57.

scientists

organisms

behavior

observe
falls

into

that

an

rhythmic

patterns, they disagree about how these


patterns are affected when the organism is

Three mangoes and three apples are

transported to a new environment. One

kept in a box. If two fruits are chosen at

experimenter, Brown, brought oysters from

random, find the probability that one is

Connecticut waters to Illinois waters. She

a mango and the other is apple.

noted that the oysters initially opened their

(a) 2/3

(b) 3/5

shells widest when it was high tide in

(c) 1/3

(d) 1/5

Connecticut, but that after fourteen days

Find the area of a square inscribed in a

their rhythms had adapted to the tide

circle of radius 5 cm.?

schedule in Illinois. Although she could not

(a) 40 sq cm

(b) 60 sq cm

posit an unequivocal causal relationship

(c) 50 sq cm

(d) 25 sq cm

between

behavior

and

environmental

The sides of a triangle in the ratio of

change, Brown concluded that a change in

1/3:1/4:1/5 and its perimeter is 94 cm.

tide schedule is one of several possible

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exogenous influences (those outside the

62.

The passage suggests that Browns

organism) on the oysters rhythms. Another

study was similar to Hamners in

experimenter, Hamner, however, discovered

which of the following ways?

that hamsters from California maintain their

I.

Both

experimenters

discovered

original rhythms even at the South Pole. He

that a new environment had a

concluded

significant effect on an organisms

that

endogenous

influences

(those inside the organism) seem to affect an

behavior rhythms.

organisms rhythmic behavior.


60.

All

of

the

considered

II.

following

examples

of

could

organisms

be

after

exogenous

the

behavioral
organism

influences on an organism EXCEPT

transported

the influence of the

environment.
III. Both

(a) Level of a hormone on a field

hibernation
(c) Salt level of a river on a fishs
(d) Humidity of an area on a cats
shedding of its fur
Which of the following statements best
describes the conclusion drawn by
Brown
(a) A change in tide schedule is the
primary influence on an oysters
rhythms.
(b) A change in tide schedule may be
an important exogenous influence
on an oysters rhythms.
(c) Exogenous influences, such as a
change in tide schedule, seldom
affect an oysters rhythms.
(d) Endogenous influences have no
effect on an oysters rhythms.

been

experimenters

new

knew

63.

(a) I only

(b) II only

(c) I and II only

(d) II and III only

an

Which of the following, if true, would


most weaken Browns conclusion?
(a) The oyster gradually closed their
shells after high tide in Illinois had
passed.
(b) The oysters behavioral rhythms
maintained their adaptation to the
tide schedule in Illinois throughout
thirty days of observation.
(c) Sixteen days after they were moved
to Illinois, the oysters opened their
shells widest when it was high tide
in Connecticut.
(d) A scientist who brought Maryland
oysters to Maine found that the
oysters opened their shells widest
when it was high tide in Maine.

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had

its original environment.

(b) Temperature of a region on a bears

migration

to

rhythms

organisms rhythmic patterns in

mouses readiness for mating

61.

Both experimenters observed an

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64.

65.

The capacity of a cylindrical tank is

itself through the cameras cropping of

12320 cm .if the radius of its base 14

reality.

cm, find the depth of the tank.

antithetical ideals: in the first, photography

(a) 30 cm

(b) 10 cm

is about the world and the photographer is a

(c) 15 cm

(d) 20 cm

mere observe who counts for little; but in

67.

68.

is,

photography

has

two

In a 400 m race, A runs at a speed of 16

the second, photography is the instrument

m/s. if A gives B a start of 16 m and still

of intrepid, questing subjectivity and the

beats him by 40 sec. what will be the

photographer is all.

speed of B?

66.

That

These conflicting ideals arise from a

(a) 6 m/s

(b) 8 m/s

fundamental uneasiness on the part of both

(c) 15 m/s

(d) 5.9 m/s

photographers and viewers of photographs

What should come in place of question

toward the aggressive component in taking

mark in the series given below?

92, 46, 69, 138, 345

photographer

(a) 92

(b) 46

because it implicitly denies that picture-

(c) 54

(d) 63

taking is an aggressive act. The issue, of

Find the unit digit in 36 46 56

picture.

course,

is

Accordingly,
as

the

observer

not

so

ideal
is

of

attractive

clear-cut.

What

(a) 0

(b) 2

photographers do cannot be characterized

(c) 3

(d) 4

as simply predatory or as simply, and

Five bells begin to toll together at

essentially, benevolent. As a consequence,

intervals of 9 seconds, 6 seconds, 4

one ideal of picture-taking or the other is

seconds, 10 seconds and 8 seconds

always being rediscovered and championed.

respectively. How many times will they

An important result of the coexistence of

toll together in the span of one hour

these two ideals is a recurrent ambivalence

(excluding the toll at the start)?

toward photographys means. Whatever the

(a) 5

(b) 8

claims that photography might make to be a

(c) 10

(d) 12

form of personal expression on a par with


painting, its originality is inextricably linked

PASSAGE: 8
Picture-taking
annexing

the

is

technique

objective

world

to the powers of a machine. The steady


both

for

growth of these powers has made possible

and

for

the

extraordinary

imaginative

depict objective realities that already exist,

photographs, like Harold Edgertons high-

though only the camera can disclose them.

speed photographs of a bullet hitting its

And

target or of the swirls and eddies of a tennis

photographers

depict

an

temperament,

individual
discovering

stroke.

But

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as

beauty

cameras

of

and

expressing the singular self. Photographs

they

formal

informativeness

become

many

more

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sophisticated,

more

photographers

are

automated,
tempted

to

some

described as

disarm

(a) Rapidly changing

themselves or to suggest that they are not


really

armed,

themselves

to

preferring
the

limits

to

(b) Cyclically recurring

submit

imposed

(c) Steadily growing

by

(d) Unimportant

premodern camera technology because a


cruder,

less

high-powered

machine

is

thought to give more interesting or emotive

70.

accident. For example, it has been virtually

(a) Establishing

a point of honor for many photographers,

standards

including

Walker

photography

Bresson,

to

refuse

to

Cartier-

use

modern

viewers

of

The author is primarily concerned


with

and

the

photographs

results, to leave more room for creative

Evans

to

new
for

(b) Analyzing

the

equipment. These photographers have come

photographic

to doubt the value of the camera as an

taking

technical
contemporary

influence

ideals

on

of

picture-

instrument of fast seeing. Cartier-Bresson,

(c) Tracing the development of camera

in fact, claims that the modern camera may

technology in the twentieth century

see too fast.

(d) Describing

This ambivalence toward photographic

individual

means determines trends in taste. The cult


of the future (of faster and faster seeing)
alternates over time with the wish to return
to

purer

pastwhen

images

had

71.

temperaments

are

The passage states all of the following


about photographs EXCEPT:

(a) They can display a cropped reality.


(b) The can convey information.

pristine state of the photographic enterprise

(c) They can depict the photographers

is currently widespread and underlies the

temperament.

present-day enthusiasm for daguerreotypes

(d) They

and the wok of forgotten nineteenth-century


photographers.

photographers

reflected in their work

handmade quality. This nostalgia for some

provincial

how

can

change

the

viewers

sensibilities.

Photographers

and viewers of photographs, it seems, need


periodically to resist their own knowingness.

72.

The author mentions the work of


Harold Edgerton in order to provide an

69.

According to the passage, interest


among

photographers

photographys

two

in

each

of

ideals

can

be

example of
(a) How

controlled

ambivalence

toward photographys means can


produce outstanding pictures

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(b) How the content of photographs

75.

has changed from the nineteenth

following statements are true?

century to the twentieth

(a) The originality of photography is

(c) The

popularity

photography

of

in

high-speed

the

not linked with a machine

twentieth

(b) Picture taking is not a technique

century
(d) The

for singular self


relationship

photographic

between

originality

(c) Photographer is a mere observe

and

according to everyone.

technology
73.

The

(d) Ideal of picture taking is always

passage

suggests

being

that

prefer old-fashioned techniques and


equipment

because

rediscovered

and

championed

photographers such as Walker Evans


76.

these

Divide the number 124 into 4 parts


which are in Arithmetic Progression.,

photographers

such that product of first and fourth

(a) Admire instruments of fast seeing

term is 128 less than the product of the

(b) Need to feel armed by technology

second and the third term. Find the

(c) Strive for intense formal beauty in

smallest number amongst these four


numbers.

their photographs
(d) Dislike

the

dependence

of

photographic effectiveness on the


powers of a machine
74.

According to the passage, which of the

77.

ideals

of

(c) 53

(d) 27

Mr. Lal mixed coffee powder worth Rs.2


the mixture at Rs. 3.75 per kg, thereby

photography

gaining a

differ primarily in the

profit

of 50%.

In

what

proportion did he mix the two types of

(a) Value that each places on the

coffee powder?

beauty of the finished product


(b) Emphasis that each places on the

(b) 19

per kg and Rs. 4 per kg and then sold

According to the passage, the two


antithetical

(a) 11

(a) 1.5:1
78.

(b) 3:2

(c) 3:1

(d) 1:2

A building worth Rs. 13,31,000 is

emotional impact of the finished

constructed on land worth Rs. 7,29,000.

product

After how many years will the value of

(c) Degree of technical knowledge that

both be the same, if the worth of the

each requires of the photographer

land appreciate at 10% per annum and

(d) Way in which each defines the role

that of the building depreciate at the

of the photographer

rate of 10% per annum?


(a) 1.5

(b) 2

(c) 2.5
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79.

Two swimmers Chitu and Pintu are

80.

In a certain test, Ajay was able to

swilling in a stream, heading each other.

correctly solve 3 out of 5 questions

When

the

asked. In the second test, there were 7

distance between them was 25 kms. The

questions out of which he got 6 correct

speed of the stream is 5 km/hr, the

in both the tests, each question carried

speed of the each swimmer is 10 km/hr.

10 marks with no negative marking.

how far will be Chintu from Pintu one

What is the percentage change in the

minute before they meet?

marks obtained by Ajay in two tests?

(a) 0.25 km

(b) 0.33 km

(a) 43%

(b) 48.26%

(c) O.166 km

(d) 1/12 km

(c)4 2.86%

(d) 46.86%

they

started

swimming

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