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Soal Latihan dan Pembahasan Limit Fungsi

Di susun Oleh :

Yuyun Somantri 1

http://bimbinganbelajar.net/

Di dukung oleh :

Portal edukasi Gratis Indonesia Open Knowledge and Education

http://oke.or.id

Indonesia Open Knowledge and Education http://oke.or.id Tutorial ini diperbolehkan untuk di copy, di sebarluaskan,
Indonesia Open Knowledge and Education http://oke.or.id Tutorial ini diperbolehkan untuk di copy, di sebarluaskan,

Tutorial ini diperbolehkan untuk di copy, di sebarluaskan, di print dan diperbaiki dengan tetap menyertakan nama penulistanpa ada tujuan komersial

1 Lahir di Bandung tahun 1956, Lulus dari SMK Kimia melanjutkan studinya ke UPI (IKIP Bandung), lalu meneruskan studinya lagi bidang matematika dan dari tahun 1984 sampai saat ini mengajar matematika di SMA Negeri 3 Tasikmalaya

1

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

x

lim x

2

4

2 x

3

+ 1

Jawab :

=

Limit Fungsi

lim x 2 4 4 4 = = 0 3 x 2 x + 1
lim x
2
4
4
4
=
=
0
3
x
2 x
+ 1
8
+ 1
lim x
2
+
3 x 18
=
2
x
3
x
3 x
Jawab :
lim (
x
+
6)(
x
3)
3 + 6
=
=
3
x
3
x ( x 3)
3
lim
t
2
=
t
4
t
4
Jawab :
lim
t
2
1
1
=
=
t
4 (
t
2)(
t
+
2)
2 + 2
4
lim
2
9
x
=
x
3
2
4
x +
7

Jawab :

2 lim 16 ( x + 7 ) x 3 2 4 x + 7
2
lim 16 (
x +
7 )
x
3
2
4
x +
7
lim
2
x
4
=
x
x
3 + 1
Jawab :
lim
x
2 lim
=
3
x
x
x

=

1

x

lim ( 4

2 x +
2
x
+

7 )( 4

+

2 x + 7 )
2
x
+
7 )

x

3

4

x 3 4 x 2 + 7

x

2

+

7

=

0

=

4

+

4

=

8

2

6. ( 4 5 )( 2 lim + x x ) = x • (
6. ( 4 5 )( 2
lim
+
x
x
)
=
x
(
2
+
x
)(1
x
)
Jawab :
lim
2
5 x
=
5
2
x
x
lim 2 2 7. x + x + 5 x 2 x + 3 =
lim
2
2
7. x
+
x
+
5
x
2
x
+
3
=
x
Jawab :
lim
b
p
2
2
ax
+
bx c
+
ax
+
px q
+
=
x
lim
2 a
1 + 2
3
2
2
x
+
x
+
5
x
2
x
+
3
=
=
x
2
1
2
lim
2
1 sin x

8.

9.

10.

x

(sin

2

1

2

x

cos

1

2

x

)

2

=

Jawab :

lim

(1 sin )(1 sin )

x

+

x

x

2

lim sin 6 x

x

0

=

sin 2 x

Jawab :

lim

x

0

sin

2

1

2

x

+

cos

sin 6 x sin 2 x

=

6

2

=

2

3

1

2

x

2 sin

1

2

x

cos

1

2

x

=

lim

x

x

lim cos 2

x

x

1

0

2

=

Jawab :

x

lim 1 2 sin

2

x

2

x

1

0

=

lim

x

0

2.

sin x sin x

.

x

x

=

(1 sin )(1 sin )

x

+

x

2

2.1.1

=

1

sin x

2

=

1

+

1

=

2

3

11. lim sin( x 2) = 2 x 2 x 4 Jawab : lim sin(
11. lim sin(
x
2)
=
2
x
2
x
4
Jawab :
lim
sin(
x
2)
lim sin(
x
2)
1
1 1
=
.
= 1.
=
x
2
(
x
2)(
x
+
2)
x
2
x
2
x
+
2
2 + 2
4
lim
2
x
+
x
6
12.
=
2
x
3
x
+
5 x 6
+
Jawab :
lim
2
x
+
x
6
9
+
3
6
1
=
=
2
x
3
x
+
5 x 6
+
9 15
+
+
6
5
lim 2
2
x
x
1
13.
=
2
x
1
3
x
x
2
Jawab :
lim
4 x 1
3
=
(Menggunakan bantuan turunan)
x
1
6 x 1
5
2
14. lim 1 x
=
x
1
x
1
Jawab :
lim 2 x
=
2
 

x

1

1

2

2

 

=

x

1

lim 4 x

 

x

1

1

15. lim 2 x

x

1

Jawab :

=

4

4

lim t 3 8 16. = 2 t 2 t + t 6 Jawab :
lim
t
3 8
16.
=
2
t
2 t
+
t
6
Jawab :
lim
2
3
t
12
=
t
2 2
t +
1
5
lim (3
2
x
1)
4
17.
=
2
x
1
x
+
4 x 5
Jawab :
lim 18
x
6
12
=
=
2
x
1
2 x 4
+
6
lim 2 x
2
2
8
x
2 x
18.
+
x
2
x
2
2 x 4
=
Jawab :
lim
(
x
2)( 2
x
+
4)
x ( x 2)
+
x
2
x
2
2(
x
2)
lim
6
x
1
19.
2
x
2 x
4
x
2
=
Jawab :
lim
2 (
x
2)
2
1
=
=
x
2
(
x
2)(
x
+
2)
4
2
2
x
4
x
20. lim 6
=
2
x
0 2 x
+
x
Jawab :
lim 12
x
4
4
=
=
4
x
0 4 x
+
1
1

=

4

+

4

+

2

2

=

9

5

lim x 1 21. = x 1 1 x Jawab : lim 1 1 =
lim
x
1
21.
=
x
1
1
x
Jawab :
lim
1
1
=
=
x
1
1 1
2
2 x

2

2 lim x 16 22. = x 4 x 4
2
lim x 16
22.
=
x
4
x
4

23.

Jawab :

lim ( 2 x 4 ) ( x + 4) x 4 x 4 lim
lim (
2
x
4 ) (
x
+
4)
x
4
x
4
lim 3
2
x +
9
=
x
0
x

=

lim

x

4

x 4 (
x
4 (

x

+

4)

=

0.8

=

0

24.

25.

Jawab :

lim 3 2 x + 9 3 + 2 x + 9 lim 9 2
lim 3
2
x
+
9 3
+
2
x
+
9
lim
9
2
x
9
2
1
.
=
=
=
x
0
x
3
+
2
x
+
9
x
0
x
(3
+
2
x
+
9 )
3 + 3
3
lim
2
x
9
=
x
3
x
2 +
16 5
Jawab :
lim (
2
16 5)(
x
+
16 5)
+
=
5
+
5
=
10
x
3
2
x
+
16 5
lim
x
x
=
x
0
x
+
x
Jawab :
lim
x
(1
x
)
1
0
=
= 1
x
0
x
(1
+ x
)
1 + 0

6

lim 6 x 2 3 x + 7 26. = x 3 x 3 Jawab
lim
6
x
2
3
x
+
7
26.
=
x
3 x
3
Jawab :
lim
6
x
2
3
x
+
7
6
x
2
+
3
x
+
7
.
x
3
x
3
6
x
2
+
3
x
+
7

27.

28.

29.

30.

lim 3( x 3) 3 = = x 3 ( x 3)( 6 x 2
lim
3(
x
3)
3
=
=
x
3
(
x
3)( 6
x
2
+
3
x
+
7 )
8
lim
2
2
x
5
x
=
x
0 3
9
+
x
Jawab :
lim
2
2
x
5
x
3
+
9
+
x
x x
( 2
5)(3
+
9
+
x
)
5 (3 3)
+
.
=
=
= 30
x
0 3
9
+
x 3
+ 9
+
x
x
1
lim
2
x
+
3
x
1
=
2
x
1
1
x
Jawab :
lim
2
2
x
+
3
(
x
+
1)
x
+ (
3
+
x
+
1)
lim
2 (1 x )
.
=
2
x
1
1
x
2
x
1
2
x
+ (
3
+
x
+
1)
(1
x
)(1
+
x
)(
x
+
3
+
x
+
1)
3
lim
2
3
x
2
x
+
1
=
2
x
1
( x 1)
Jawab :
lim
3
2
(
x
1)
1
1
=
=
2
x
1
3
3
2
3
2
(
x
1)(
x
+
x
+
1)
(1
+
1
+
1)
9
lim
x 27
=
x
27
3
x
3
Jawab :
3
3
lim
2
3
(
x
3) (
x
+
3
x
+
9)
=
9
+
9
+
9
=
27
x
27
3
x
3

=

1

4

7

lim a a b b 31. = a b a b Jawab :
lim a a
b b
31.
=
a
b
a
b
Jawab :
lim ( a b a )( + ab b + ) a b a b
lim (
a
b a
)(
+
ab b
+
)
a
b
a
b

=

b +

.
.

b b b

+

=

3

b

lim ax b + x 3 32. Jika = x 4 x 4 4 Jawab
lim ax b
+
x
3
32. Jika
=
x
4 x
4
4
Jawab :

maka tentukan a + b

0 .

Bentuk di atas jika x = 4 maka harus berbentuk 0

33.

34.

Jadi 4a + b – 2 = 0 atau 4a + b = 2 …………
Jadi 4a + b – 2 = 0
atau 4a + b = 2
…………
(1)
Dengan menggunakan bantuan turunan maka :
1
lim
a
3
1
3
2 x
=
a
=
a
= 1
x
4
1
4
4
4
4.1
+
b
=
2
b
=
2
a
+
b
=
1
2
=
1
lim ( 2
x
3
x
+
1)(
x
1)
=
2
x
1
( x 1)
Jawab :
lim (
2
x
1) ( 2
x
1)
2
1
1
=
=
x
1
2
2
(
x
1) (
x
+
1)
(1 1)
+
4
lim
1
+
x
1
=
x
0
3
1
+
x
1
Jawab :
6
2
lim ( 1
6
+
x
1)( (1
6
+
x
)
+
1
+
x
+
1)
1
+
1
+
1
3
=
=
x
0
6
6
(
1
+
x
1)( 1
+
x
+
1)
1 + 1
2

8

lim 2 + x 2 x 35. = x 0 x Jawab :
lim
2
+
x
2
x
35.
=
x
0
x
Jawab :
lim 2 + x 2 x 2 + x + 2 x . x 0
lim
2
+
x
2
x
2
+
x
+
2
x
.
x
0
x
2
+
x
+
2
x
lim
2 x
2
1
=
=
=
2
x
0
2
+
2
2
x
(
2
+
x
+
2
x
)
lim
2 3
36.
2
2
x
2
x
4
x
+
2 x 8
=
Jawab :
lim
2 (
x
+
4) 3 (
x
+
2)
lim
( x 2)
1
=
=
x
2 (
x
2)(
x
+
2)(
x
+
4)
x
2 (
x
2)(
x
+
2)(
x
+
4)
24
lim
37.
( 2
x
5)( 2
x
+
1) ( 2
x
5)
=
x
Jawab :
lim
8 ( 20)
2
2
4
x
8
x
5
4
x
20
x
+
25
=
=
3
x
2 4
lim
2
2
x
+ 3
x
38.
=
x
Jawab :
lim
2 x
2 lim
= 2 x =
x
2
x
x
lim
39.
x x
( 4
+
5)
4
x
2 +
3
=
x
5
Jawab :
lim
5
0
5
2
2
4
x
+
5
x
4
x
+
0
x
+
3
=
=
x
5
2 4
4

9

lim 40. ( x + a x )( + b ) x = x •
lim
40. (
x
+
a x
)(
+
b
)
x
=
x
Jawab :
lim
a
+
b
0
a
+
b
2
2
x
+
(
a
+
b x
)
+
ab
x
+
0
x
=
=
x
2
1
2
41. cos 2 x
lim
=
x
sin
x
cos
x
4
Jawab :
lim
1
(cos
x
sin )(cos
x
x
+
sin )
x
+
2
1 2 2
2
=
=
2
x
(cos
x
sin )
x
1
4
42. lim sin ax
=
x
0 sin bx
Jawab :
lim sin ax bx a
lim sin ax
bx
a
a
a
.
.
=
.
.
=
1.1.
=
x
0 sin bx ax b
x
0 ax
sin bx b
b
b
43. sin 2 x
lim
=
x
0
3
2
x +
9
Jawab :
lim
2 sin cos
x
x 3
+ 2
x
+
9
.
x
0
3
2
x
+
9 3
+ 2
x
+
9
lim sin x cos
x
.(3
+
2
x
+
9 )
1.(3 3)
+
=
.
= 1.
=
6
x
0
x
1
1
44. lim 1 cos x
=
x
0 x
sin 2
x
Jawab :
2
1
1
1
lim 2 sin
1 x
lim sin x sin x
1
2
2
= 2
.
=
1. 2
=
x
0 x
sin 2
x
x
0
x
sin 2 x
4
1 2 2

10

lim x tan x 45. = x 0 1 cos 2 x Jawab : lim
lim
x
tan
x
45.
=
x
0
1 cos 2
x
Jawab :
lim
x
tan
x
lim
1
x
tan x
1
=
.
.
=
2
x
0
2 sin x
x
0 2 sin x sin x
2
46. tan x
lim
=
2
x
0
x + 2 x
Jawab :
lim tan x
1
1
1
.
=
1.
=
x
0
x
x + 2
2
2
47. lim 1 cos x
=
2
x
0
5
x
Jawab :
2
1
lim 2 sin
x
2
1
1
1
2
=
.
.
=
2
x
0
5
x
5
2 2
10
48. sin x
lim
=
x
0
1
x
1
Jawab :
lim
sin x
1
x
+
1
lim sin x
1
x +
1
.
=
.
x
0
1
x
1
1
x
+
1
x
0
x
1
lim
cot x
49. =
x
0
cot 2 x
Jawab :
lim
1
lim tan 2 x
tan x
=
=
2
x
0
1
x
0
tan x
tan 2 x

= 1.

1 + 1

1

=

2

11

50. lim sin 4 x + sin 2 x = x 0 3 cos x
50. lim sin 4
x
+ sin 2
x
=
x
0
3 cos
x
x
Jawab :
lim 2 sin 3 cos
x
x
=
2.1
=
2
x
0
3 cos
x
x
lim
sin
x
51. x
=
x
0 1 cos 4
x
Jawab :
lim
x
sin
x
lim
1
x
sin x
1
1
1
1
=
.
.
=
.
.
=
2
x
0
2 sin 2 x
x
0
2 sin 2 x sin 2 x
2
2 2
8
52. lim cos 4
x
1
=
x
0 x
tan 2
x
Jawab :
2
lim 2 sin 2 x
lim
sin 2 x sin 2 x
2
2
=
2.
.
=
2.
.
x
0
x
tan 2
x
x
0
x
tan 2 x
1
2
2
53. sin 2 x
lim
=
2
x
0
x
cos 2
x
Jawab :
lim sin 2 x sin 2 x
1
2
2 1
.
.
=
.
.
= 4
x
0
x
x
cos 2
x
1
1
1
2
2
x
+
sin( 2 )
x
54. lim 7
=
2
x
0
tan 3 x
Jawab :
lim
2
2
(
7 x )
sin( 2 x )
7
2
+
=
+
= 1
2
2
x
0
(tan 3 x )
(tan 3 x )
9
9

=

4

12

55. cos 4 lim x 1 = x 0 cos 5 x cos 3 x
55. cos 4
lim
x
1
=
x
0
cos 5
x
cos 3
x
Jawab :
lim
2
2 sin 2 x
lim sin 2 x sin 2 x
2
2
=
.
=
.
x
0
2 sin 4 sin
x
x
x
0
sin 4 x sin x
4
1
lim
4
56. x
=
x
0
x +
sin 3
x
Jawab :
lim
1
lim
1
1
=
=
= 1
x
0
x
+ sin 3
x
x
0
1
1
3
+
+
4 x
4
sin 3 x
4 x
4
4
57. sin( 2 )
lim
2
x
=
2
2
x
0
x
+
sin 3
x
Jawab :
lim
1
1
1
=
=
2
2
x
0
x
sin 3 x
1
9
+
+
5
2
2
2
2
sin 2 x
sin( 2 x )
2
3
58. lim sin 4 . tan 3
x
x
+
6
x
=
2
x
0
2 . sin 3 . cos 2
x
x
x
Jawab :
2
2
lim sin 4 x tan 3 x
1
6
x
x
1
.
. + .
.
.
2
2
x
0
sin 3 x ( 2 x ) cos 2 x
2
x sin 3 x
cos 2
x
4 9
1
=
.
.1
+
3.1.
.1
=
7
3
2 3
2
2
lim 1 cos
x
cos sin
x
x
59.
=
4
x
0 x

Jawab :

x

lim sin

0

2

x

(1 cos

x )

4

x

=

lim

x

0

2.

2

sin x sin

2

1

2

x

2

x

.

2

x

=

= 1

2.1 .( )

2

2

1

2

=

1

2

13

60.

61.

62.

63.

64.

65.

1 1 lim sin (1 ) cos (1 ) x x = x 1 x
1
1
lim sin (1
) cos (1
)
x
x
=
x
1
x
1
Jawab :
1
1
1
1
lim sin (1
) cos (1
)
lim sin (1
) cos (1
)
x
x
x
x
=
.
=
x
1
1
1
x (1
)
x
1
1
x
x
x
lim
sin (
x
)
=
x
1
(
x
1) cos (
x
)
Jawab :
lim sin (
x
1)
1
.
=
.1
=
x
1
x
1
cos (
x
)
lim
x
k
=
x
k sin (
x
k
)
+
2
k
2
x
Jawab :
lim
1
1
=
=
1
sin(
x k
)
2 (
x
k
)
x
k
1
2
x k
x
k
2
lim 1 cos (
x
2)
=
2
x
2 3
x
12
x
+
12
Jawab :
lim
2
sin (
x
2)
lim sin(
x
2) sin(
x
2) 1
1
=
.
.
=
x
2 (
x
2)(3
x
6)
x
2
x
2
x
2
3
3
lim
(
x
+
6) sin (
x
+
2)
=
2
x
2
x
3 x 10
Jawab :
lim
x
+
6 sin (
x +
2)
4
.
=
x
2
x
5
x
+
2
7
lim
2
x
sin 2
x
=
x
x
Jawab :
lim
2
2 sin 2
x
x
+
2
x
cos 2
x
2
2
=
0
+
2
=
2
x
1

1.1 1

=