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SCRUBBER DESIGN (Coluna de enchimento)

Elaborado por:
Verificado por:
Data:

Column Tag No.


Job No.
Client
Project

:
:
:
:

Entrada de dados

Stream

Tipo de embalagem
Tamanho da embalagem
Packing MOC
Gas pr. Drop / m bed
Altura total de embalagens
Altura Coluna
Propriedade do Gas
Vazo

= Anel Pall
=
=
=
=
=

50 mm
PP
30 mmWC / m packing height
3.54 m (including all packed beds)
6.04

=
=

8964.59 kg/h
2.4902 kg/s

Presso de entrada do Gas =


Temperatura de entrada Ga =
Taxa fluxo ar / gs
=

1.00 atm
30.00 oC
70

Componente a ser lavado


Nome
=
Taxa de fluxo do compente =
% comp. ar/gas
=
Peso molecular do compon =

Cl2
1038.16 Kg/h
8.64 % (v/v)
70.906

OR
=

Fator de empacotamento, F=

294.2 (N/m2)/m

10000.00 m3/h
2.777778 m3/s

303.00 oK

(presumed) / (given by client) / (by process cal.)

Propriedades da Soluo de lavagem


Soluo mdia
= 20% NaOH
Taxa de fluxo de liquido
=
15600 kg/h
=
4.3333 kg/s
Densidade do liquido
=
1200 kg/m3
Viscosidade do liquido

CL2 Scrubber

0.1 Ns/m2

13.00 m/h

Conversion :
80 Cp

Ns/m2

203 m-1

Caracteristicas do fator de empacotamento,C


=
102
Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings
Fator de converso, J
=
0.92 factor for adequate liquid distribution & irrigation across the bed

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Para calcular dimetro da coluna


Uma vez que grandes quantidades de fluxo esto no fundo de um amortecedor, o dimetro sero escolhidos
para acomodar as condies de fundo
Para calcular a densidade do gas
Avg. Peso molecular
=

70.9 Kg / Kmol

Se a taxa de fluxo de gs de dado por kg/h

Se a taxa de fluxo dado em m3/h

Gas in =

Gas in

0.0351221994 Kmol/s
kmol = mass / mol wt
= (kmol/s) x T in kelvin x 1.0 atm x 22.4
273
pr. In atm
1
3
=
0.873192 m /s

= (m3/s) x

=
=

273
x pr. in atm x
T in kelvin
1.0 atm

1
22.4

0.11173 Kmol/s
7.921652 Kg/s
mass = mol wt x kmol

Selecione vol. de taxa de fluxo e taxa de fluxo de massa por cima


Selecionados taxa de fluxo =
2.4902 Kg/s
Selecionados taxa de fluxo =
0.873192 m3/s
Selecionados Vazo molar =
0.0351221994 Kmol/s
Portanto densidade do ga =

2.8518 Kg/m3

(mass flow rate / vol. Flow rate)

Para encontrar L', G' e rea da Torre c/s


Assumindo a absorso completa
Componente removido
=
0.2150 Kg/s
Liquido deixando
=
4.5484 Kg/s
L'

G'

0.5

Utilizao

0.08904

G' 2 Cf L0.1 J
(
G

-L

(molar flow rate x % comp. x mol. Wt.)


(Inlet liquid flow rate + comp. Removed)

0.08904

as ordinate,

Refer fig.6.34 usando uma queda de presso 294.2


de gas de
(N/m2)/m

0.039 (from graph)

0.039

) gc
G

Portanto, G'

--

) gc

0.5

Cf L J
0.1

1.3515 Kg / m2.s

rea de torre c/s

1.8425 m2

( c/s area = mass flow rate / G' )

Dimetro da Torre

=
=

1.5317 m
2000 mm

Area correspondente c/s =

3.1416 m2

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1531.7 mm

REQUISITO PARA ESTIMAR PERDA DE POTNCIA


eficincia do ventilador

60 %

assumed / given

Para calcular a queda de presso


Queda de presso de irriga =
embalagem

1040.52 N/m2

(pressure drop per m packing x total ht. of packing)

Para embalagens local seco


O/L Gas flow rate, G'
=
0.7242 Kg / m2.s (Gas inlet flow rate - Component removed) / c/s area
O/L Gas pressure
= 100284.482118219 N/m2
(subtracting pressure drop across packing)
Densidade do Gas,
=
gas
mol
wt.
x
273
x
gas o/l pr.
G
22.41m3/Kmol T in kelvin
101330
3
=
2.7853 Kg/m
CD

Delta P

= CD

47.5

Ref. Table 6.3, Characterstics of Random packings

G' 2
G

8.94 N/m2

Perda de pressao por ench =

1049.46 N/m2

Perda de pressao por inter =


=
Velocidade do Gas
Inlet expansion & outlet
contraction losses

30 mmWC
294.20 N/m2

=
0.884194 m/s
= 1.5 x Velocity heads
=
0.59 N m / Kg
=
1.67 N/m2
1345.33 N/m2

(irrigated packing + dry packing)


(packing supports and liquid distributors)

1.5 x (V2 / 2g)


(divide by density)

Perda total de presso

Perda total de presso

Fan power output

= pressure drop,N/m2 x (gas in - component removed) Kg/s


O/L gas density, Kg/m3
=
1098.91 N .m / s
=
1.10 kW

Power for fan motor

=
=

137.28 Kgf/m

1.83 kW
2.46 hp

(packing + internals + losses)

0.01

atm

(fan power output / motor efficiency)

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COLUMN DIAMETER / HYDRAULIC CHECK


Liq.-Vap. Flow factor, FLV

= (L / V) x (
=

0.0848

Design for an initial pressure drop of


From K4 v/s FLV,

35

K4

7.00

K4 at flooding

0.85

Trial % flooding

= (
=

(K4 / K4 at flooding)

K4 .

Gas mass flow rate, Vm

Trial column dia., D

--

V
L

)0.1

4.8485 kg/m2.s
V / Vm
0.5136 m2

0.8087 m

Round off 'D' to nearest standard size


Therefore, D
=

% flooding

(1/2)

Column C/S area, As

) x 100

286.9720

13.1 Fp (L /

Trial column c/s area


(Trial As)

mm H2O /m packing

D = (4/pi) x Trial As

1.8 m

As = (pi/4) x D2

2.5447 m2

57.9201

% flooding = Trial % flooding x (Trial As / As)

Conclusion
Generally packed towers are designed for 50% -- 85% flooding.
If flooding is to be reduced,
(i) Select larger packing size and repeat the above steps.
OR
(ii) Increase the column diameter and repeat the above steps.

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Table 6.2
Constant for HETP Correlation

Ref.:: Random Packings and Packed Towers ---- Strigle

Ref. : : Chemical Engineering, Volume-6 , COULSON & RICHARDSON'S

Ref. : : Mass Transfer Operation : : Treybal

ppm=

Massa em /
metro cubi *
24.45 /
peso molecular
183.662
mg/M = PPM
*
PESO MO /
24.45
533.3333
m/h
L/mol
composio ar m
10000
24.4 L
Mol
g
mg/m
g/4100m
oxigenio nitrogenio
0.21
28 2100000 86065.57 2409836
240.98 2409800
nitrogenio%
0.78
16 7800000 319672.1 5114754
511.47 5114700
Total
0.99
Cloro
24kg
71 494873.2 20281.69 1440000
533.33 5333300
Vazao masTotal kg
8964.59
12857.8 kg/10000m
1
35286.89 x

28
V/V:
0.000645

114
Taxa Ar/Ga 20.20719
Torre
Fabricada
vazio
0.15
camada elimiunador
0.15
bico ate eliminador
0.3
bico ate encimento
0.3
entrada ar+ recheio
1.7
total
2.45

m
m
m
m
m
m

4.99872

so molecular

/10000m