Anda di halaman 1dari 98

M.S.

GENERAL SURGERY
QUESTION BANK
QUESTIONS COMPILED CHAPTER-WISE
FROM PAST 30 YEARS (1982-2012)
M.S. GENERAL SURGERY PAPERS
( R.G.U.H.S )

Compiled by
Dr. Deevish N D
(Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute)

FREE SOFT COPY

M.S. GENERAL SURGERY


QUESTION BANK

QUESTIONS COMPILED CHAPTER-WISE


FROM PAST 30 YEARS (1983-2012)
M.S. GENERAL SURGERY PAPERS
( R.G.U.H.S )

FREE SOFT COPY


Compiled by:
Dr. Deevish N.D
(Post Graduate, M.S. General Surgery, B.M.C.R.I)

Available only at:


PRITHVI BOOK STORE
Opp. Vanivilas hospital,
K.R.Road, Bangalore-560002.
Phone: (080) 26703939, (080) 26700952.

M.S. GENERAL SURGERY QUESTION BANK


Compiled by
Dr. Deevish N.D
E-mail: deevishnd@gmail.com

Facebook page

MS General Surgery Question Bank


(Kindly click on like on the page if you have benefited from this book)

1st edition: November 2012

Note: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or


transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopy, recording or any information storage and retrieval
system without the permission.

For free distribution. Not to be sold.

Dedicated to
my parents, my friends
and
my beloved brother

Acknowledgments
To the people who made this dream a reality
Dr. Abhishek V
Dr. Abhay Kattepur
Dr. Ajith T
Dr. Aniketh Venkatram
Dr. Giridhar A
Dr. Medha Sugara
Dr. Rajeev P
Dr. Ramakrishna K
Dr. Rohith S
Dr. Thejas S K
Dr. Vinod Kumar P
Dr. Vishnu Kurpad
With proud privilege and deep sense of respect I like to express
my gratitude and indebtedness to my teacher and guide Dr. B.S.
Shivaswamy, Professor and Head, Department of General
Surgery, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute for his
constant inspiration and support.
I am immensely thankful to Dr. T. Durganna, President, Surgical
Society of Bangalore for permitting me to release the book on
the occasion of Prof. B. Hanumaiah Memorial CSEP programme
2012 organised by ASI-KSC Bangalore city chapter.

My sincere thanks to my Professors Dr. T. Durganna, Prof. Dr.


Mohan Ullikashi, Prof. Dr. Ramesh M Tambat, Prof. Dr. P.R
Thippeswamy Naik, Prof. Dr. M.K. Ramesh and Prof. Dr. Suresh
Chandu for their valuable guidance.
I am thankful to Dr. Rajashekara Babu, Dr. Santhosh C.S, Dr. C.S
Rajan, my senior PGs Dr. Harsha, Dr. Nataraj, Dr. Abhay, Dr.
Rohith and my colleagues Dr. Aniketh V and Dr. Udaya Ravi.
I would like to extend my gratitude to all the faculty members of
Department of General Surgery, BMCRI for their constant
support and encouragement.
I express my gratitude to my parents whose blessings and
constant encouragement have always been with me.
I owe this work to everyone who contributed individually. Any
oversight is purely unintentional.
Last but not least, I am grateful to my friends Dr. Shruthi and Dr.
Divyashree who have been the source of inspiration throughout
my endeavour.
- Dr. Deevish N.D

INDEX
PAPER I
1

INTRODUCTION TO SURGERY & BASIC SURGICAL PRINCIPLES

WOUNDS, TISSUE REPAIR AND SCARS

ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY SURGERY

CRITICAL CARE, ACUTE RESUSCITATION AND SUPPORT

FLUID, ELECTROLYTE AND ACID-BASE BALANCE

NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT AND REHABILITATION

ANAESTHESIA AND PAIN RELIEF

WOUND INFECTION & SYSTEMIC INFECTIONS

IMMUNOLOGY AND TRANSPLANTATION

11

10

TUMOURS, CYST, ULCER, SINUS

12

11

SKIN AND BURNS

15

12

ARTERIAL DISORDERS

17

13

VENOUS DISORDERS

19

14

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM DISORDERS

20

15

DAY CARE SURGERY

21

16

MISCELLANEOUS

21
PAPER II

17

FACE, MOUTH, CHEEK, TONGUE

24

18

TEETH, GUM, EAR, JAW, NOSE AND SINUSES

25

19

ORAL AND OROPHARYNGEAL CANCER

26

20

SALIVARY GLANDS

27

21

PHARYNX AND LARYNX

29

22

NECK

29

23

THYROID GLAND

31

24

PARATHYROID AND ADRENALS

34

25

BREAST

36

26

THORAX

40

27

HEART AND PERICARDIUM

43

PAPER III
28

ANASTOMOSES

43

29

OESOPHAGUS

44

30

STOMACH AND DUODENUM

47

31

LIVER

50

32

GALLBLADDER AND BILE DUCTS

53

33

SPLEEN

56

34

PANCREAS

57

35

PERITONEUM, MESENTRY ,OMENTUM AND RETROPERITONEUM

59

36

SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINE

60

37

INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION

64

38

APPENDIX

65

39

RECTUM

66

40

ANUS AND ANAL CANAL

67

41

HERNIA, UMBILICUS, ABDOMINAL WALL

69

42

PRINCIPLES OF LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

71

PAPER IV
43

FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

71

44

DISEASES OF BONE AND JOINT

73

45

TUMOURS OF BONE AND JOINT

74

46

HAND

74

47

FOOT

75

48

SPINE AND SPINAL CORD

76

49

NERVES

77

50

CRANIUM (SCALP, SKULL, BRAIN)

78

51

URINARY SYMPTOMS, INVESTIGATION OF URINARY TRACT, ANURIA

79

52

KIDNEY AND URETERS

80

53

URINARY BLADDER

84

54

URETHRA AND PENIS

85

55

PROSTATE AND SEMINAL VESICLES

86

56

TESTIS AND SCROTUM

87

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


IMPORTANT
Questions of the past 18 years (1994-2012) are in Normal font
Questions of previous 12 years (1982-1993) are in Italic font

*********

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe the biochemical basis of wound healing.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Informed consent

2. WOUNDS, TISSUE REPAIR AND SCARS

1. INTRODUCTION TO SURGERY & BASIC SURGICAL PRINCIPLES

LONG QUESTIONS
1. What are the facilitating and interfering factors in wound healing?
How can adverse scars be prevented or managed?
2. Describe the biological process of wound healing. Discuss the factors
affecting wound healing.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Classification of operative wounds and the role of prophylactic
antibiotics
2. Classification of wounds
3. Factors causing wound dehiscence
4. Keloids
5. Postoperative tetanus
6. Wound dehiscence
7. Wound healing

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


3. ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY SURGERY
LONG QUESTIONS
1. A 22 yr old man came with history of RTA presents with pallor and
dyspnea on admission at the causality. How do you proceed to
evaluate this patient?
2. A 45 yr old man comes to the casualty with history of fall from
height. On examination he is in shock and has abdominal guarding
and rigidity. Discuss the management of this patient.
3. A 50 yr old man presents with gunshot injury to the chest with entry
point at the level of right nipple. Discuss the management.
4. Crush syndrome.
5. Discuss blunt trauma abdomen.
6. Discuss briefly the evaluation of severity of trauma. Classify splenic
injury and discuss its management.
7. Discuss briefly the management of a patient admitted with multiple
injuries following a RTA.
8. Discuss causes of hemoperitoneum and its management.
9. Discuss etiology, clinical features and management of extradural
hematoma.
10. Discuss management of blunt injury abdomen.
11. Discuss management of crush injury of the leg.
12. Discuss management of gunshot injury to left hypochondrium.
13. Discuss management of penetrating injury abdomen.
14. Discuss the indication of surgical intervention in head injury and
outline the operative procedures.
15. Discuss the management of a 60 yr old man presenting in shock
after blunt trauma to epigastrium.
16. Discuss the management of an injured patient with multiple system
involvement.
17. Discuss the management of major abdominal trauma with special
reference to resuscitation and surgery for liver trauma.
18. Discuss the mechanism of blunt injury abdomen and its general
management.
19. Metabolic response in trauma.
20. Trauma scoring system.

R
F

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Air embolism
2. Apache scoring
3. Basic principle of hand injury
4. Blast injuries
5. Carotid artery blowout and its prevention
6. Concept of brain stem death
7. Crush injury of leg
8. Crush syndrome
9. Extradural hematoma
10. Fat embolism
11. Flail chest
12. Gun shot injury of left hypochondrium
13. Hemoperitoneum
14. Lucid interval
15. Missile injuries
16. Myoplastic amputation
17. Organisation of trauma services
18. Organization of accident injuries
19. Plan management of major disaster
20. Trauma scoring system
21. Triage

R
F

4. CRITICAL CARE, ACUTE RESUSCITATION AND SUPPORT


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify surgical wounds. Discuss the etiology, clinical features and
treatment of tetanus.
2. Complications of blood transfusion and their management.
3. Define and classify shock. How do you manage hypovolemic shock?
4. Define massive blood transfusion and its problems.
5. Define massive blood transfusion. How do evaluate upper GI bleed
in a 25yr old factory worker? What are your priorities in
management of bleeding esophageal varices?
3

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

19.
20.
21.
22.

Describe mechanism of blood coagulation.


Describe the clinical features and management of septic shock.
Describe the syndrome of septic shock and its management.
Discuss blood transfusion and disorders of surgical bleeding.
Discuss different type of shock. Describe the management of
hemorrhagic shock.
Discuss different types of shock. Describe the management of
patient in septic shock.
Discuss mechanisms to control hemorrhage. Classify shock and
discuss the management of hemorrhagic shock. Add a note on
Vitamin K use in hemorrhage.
Discuss the etiology and management of renal failure in surgical
patient.
Discuss the metabolic response of human body to surgical injury.
Discuss the pathophysiology and management of septic shock. Add
a note on ARDS.
Discuss the pathophysiology of shock and describe the management
of endotoxic shock.
Discuss the problems of massive transfusion.
Discuss the various indications and complications of transfusion of
blood and its products add note on management of their
complication.
Indications and contraindications of blood transfusion.
Mention the complications of blood transfusion and their
management.
Recent advances in management of burn injuries and current role
of surgery.
What are the complications that may follow blood transfusion?
How will you suspect AIDS?

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. ARDS
2. Anaphylactic shock
3. Artificial blood
4. Artificial ventilation
5. Auto transfusion
4

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

Autologous blood transfusion


Blood coagulation
Blood fractions
Blood substituent
Blood transfusion reactions
Cardiac arrest
Cardiac resuscitation
Central venous pressure
CPR management
CVP & pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Electrolyte and acid base imbalance following ureterocolic
anastomosis
Fat embolism
Glasgow coma scale
Gram negative shock
Hyperbaric oxygen
Hyperchloremic acidosis
Hyponatremia
Hypothermia
Lomodex
Lucid interval
Management of SIRS
Massive blood transfusion
Metabolic acidosis and respiratory acidosis
Metabolic alkalosis
Metabolic coma
Metabolic response to trauma
MODS
Nitrogen balance
Oxygen therapy
Problems in massive transfusion
Reactionary hemorrhage
Septic shock
Septicemic shock
SIRS

R
F

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


41.
42.
43.
44.

Surgical intensive care unit


Tetany
Vasoactive drugs in shock
Water intoxication

5. FLUID, ELECTROLYTE AND ACID-BASE BALANCE

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Discuss the indications for blood transfusion, the risks and hazards
and its management in polytrauma.
2. Discuss fluid and electrolyte balance in a normal man.
3. Discuss the fluid and electrolyte management of surgical patient.
4. Discuss metabolic response to trauma.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acidosis and surgeon
2. Autologous blood transfusion
3. Complications of blood transfusion
4. Fresh frozen plasma
5. Hyperkalemia
6. Lomodex
7. Metabolic acidosis
8. Metabolic alkalosis
9. Pathophysiology of hemorrhagic shock
10. Peritoneal dialysis
11. Postoperative anuria
12. Potassium balance

6. NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT AND REHABILITATION


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe the indications, management and complications of total
parenteral nutrition.
6

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


2. Discuss indications, methods and monitoring TPN in a surgical
patient. Elaborate complications of TPN.
3. Discuss the indications, methods and monitoring of total parenteral
nutrition in a surgical patient. Elaborate on the complications of
total parenteral nutrition.
4. Discuss the management of trauma in elderly including
rehabilitation.
5. Discuss the nutritional assessment of a surgical patient. Discuss the
modes of administration and complications of enteral and
parenteral nutrition.
6. Discuss the post-operative management following abdominal
surgeries.
7. Discuss the problems of nutrition in surgical patients.
8. Essay on parenteral nutrition
9. Mention various procedures of enteral nutrition.
10. Write the management of nutrition in a patient of high output
enterocutaneous fistula. Write the various parameters to assess the
nutritional status of a surgical patient.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Central venous pressure
2. Complications of TPN
3. Describe recent trends in fluid replacement of surgical patients.
Whats new in the management of burns?
4. Enteral feeding
5. Enteral nutrition
6. Fluid replacement in burns
7. Intralipids
8. Nitrogen balance
9. Nutritional assessment
10. Parenteral hyperalimentation
11. Parenteral nutrition
12. Total parental nutrition

R
F

7. ANAESTHESIA AND PAIN RELIEF


7

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe spinal anesthesia and its complications.
2. Describe various types of anesthesia - their indications and
complications.
3. Discuss the indications and management of complications various
types of anesthesia.
4. Discuss the management and complications of general anesthesia.
5. Merits and demerits of spinal anesthesia. How do you prevent and
treat the complications?
6. Regional anesthesia-discuss usefulness and its limitations.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery
2. Biers block
3. Continuous epidural anesthesia
4. Epidural anaesthesia
5. Epidural block
6. General anesthesia
7. Halothane
8. Hypotensive anesthesia
9. Immunosuppressive drugs
10. Intravenous analgesia
11. Ketamine
12. Local anesthesia and its complications
13. Malignant hyperthermia
14. Mechanical ventilation
15. Mendelsons syndrome
16. Muscle relaxants during surgery
17. Neuroleptics
18. Pain control in malignant diseases
19. Patient controlled analgesia
20. Perioperative pain relief
21. Post operative fever
22. Post operative pain management
23. Post operative pain relief
24. Post spinal headache

R
F

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


25. Regional anesthesia
26. Seldingers technique
27. Somatostatin
28. Spinal anesthesia
29. Spinal anesthesia and its complications
30. Topical anesthesia

8. WOUND INFECTION & SYSTEMIC INFECTIONS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify surgically created wounds.
2. Clinical features of tetanus.
3. Describe briefly the life cycle of Entamoeba histolytica. What are
surgical complications of amoebiasis? Discuss pathology, clinical
features and management of intestinal amoebiasis.
4. Describe the biological process of wound healing factors that
influence wound healing. Classify wounds and outline management
of each type of wound.
5. Discuss abdominal tuberculosis.
6. Discuss care of a diabetic foot and describe in detail the
management of a 55 yr old male patient with diabetic gangrene of
forefoot.
7. Discuss nosocomial infection and various measures for infection
control in surgery.
8. Discuss pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and management of
acute necrotizing fasciitis.
9. Discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, types, clinical features and
management of a case of tetanus.
10. Discuss the factors contributing to abdominal wound dehiscence
and the management.
11. Discuss the pathology and management of diabetic foot.
12. Discuss the pathophysiology and management of infection in a
surgical patient.
13. Discuss the surgical complications of diabetes mellitus. Discuss the
management of infected diabetic foot.

R
F

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


14. Discuss the surgical management of tuberculosis.
15. Discuss venereal diseases. How do you diagnose AIDS?
16. Discuss venereal diseases. How is AIDS diagnosed?
17. How do you suspect AIDS?
18. Indicate surgical problems in diabetic patient. Discuss the
management of diabetic foot.
19. Outline the procedure you would adopt in surgical practice to
prevent and control HIV infection.
20. Post-operative infections- prevention and management.
21. What are biohazard infections? Describe one of them. Outline your
recommendations for screening and prevention of biohazardous
infections in surgical ward.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acid fast bacilli
2. Actinomycosis
3. AFB
4. AIDS
5. AIDS and surgeon
6. Amputation
7. Anaerobic infection
8. Antibiotic prophylaxis
9. Antibiotics in surgery
10. Bacteremia, septicaemia
11. Burst abdomen
12. Carbuncle
13. Cellulitis
14. Cephalic tetanus
15. Cephalosporins in intraabdominal sepsis
16. Clinical features and management of tetanus
17. Cross infections
18. Diabetic foot
19. Dracunculiasis
20. Dry gangrene
21. Empyema necessitans
22. Enteric fever

R
F

10

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


23. Filariasis- life cycle
24. Gas gangrene
25. Gram negative septicaemia
26. Hidradenitis suppurativa
27. Hospital acquired infection
28. Hydatid cyst
29. Hydatid disease in man
30. Hyperbaric oxygen
31. Infections in immunocompromised patients
32. Keloid
33. Lymphangitis
34. Mycetoma foot
35. Necrotizing fasciitis
36. Nosocomial infections
37. Nosocomial infections
38. Opportunistic infections
39. Post-operative fever
40. Pre gangrene
41. Precautions in surgery of HIV patients
42. Pressure sores
43. Pseudomembranous colitis
44. Psoas abscess
45. Subphrenic abscess
46. Surgery in leprosy
47. Surgical complications of typhoid fever
48. Synergistic spreading gangrene
49. Syphilis
50. Tetanus
51. Toxic shock syndrome
52. Wet gangrene

R
F

9. IMMUNOLOGY AND TRANSPLANTATION


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe autoimmunity. Describe the pathology, clinical features and
management of autoimmune thyroiditis.
11

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


2. Describe latest trends in renal transplantation.
3. Discuss the indication and effectiveness of tissue and organ
transplantation in surgery.
4. Discuss the management of general surgical procedures in a patient
who has had liver or kidney transplantation.
5. Discuss the principles of renal transplantation. How do you manage
the complications following transplantation?
6. Immunosupressive Therapy.

10. TUMOURS, CYST, ULCER, SINUS

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Immunosuppressive therapy in transplantation
2. Interferons
3. Liver transplantation
4. Monoclonal antibodies
5. Organ procurement
6. Renal transplantation and postoperative complications
7. Tissue typing

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify soft tissue sarcoma. Discuss the etiology, pathology, mode of
spread and management of malignant fibrous histiocytoma.
2. Classify the tumors and cysts of mandible and briefly describe their
management.
3. Discuss lymphomas. Describe the clinical features, staging and
management of Non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
4. Discuss the benign pigmented lesions of skin and the management of
malignant melanoma.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Adamantinoma
2. Adenoma
3. Amoeboma
4. Angiosarcoma
12

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

Antibioma
APUD cell tumors
APUDomas
Basal cell carcinoma
Benign and malignant tumors
Benign tumors
Boil
Branchial sinus
Branchial cyst
Burkitts lymphoma
Carbuncle
Carcinoid tumor
Carcinoid tumour
Chancroid
Chordoma
Chronic sinus- chest wall
Classification of soft tissue sarcomas
Classify soft tissue sarcomas
Classify ulcers
Clinical features and diagnosis of Hodgkins lymphoma
Cocks peculiar tumor
Cold abscess
Collar stud abscess
Complications of immunosuppresion
Compound palmar ganglion
Cystic hygroma
Cysts
Dercums disease
Dermofibrosarcoma protruberance
Dermoid cyst
Desmoid tumor
Electric burns
Fibroma
Fistulogram
Glomus tumor
Haemangioma

R
F

13

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.

Hamartoma
Hemangioma
Hiradinitis suppurativa
Hunners ulcer
Hypertrophic scar
Impetigo
Implantation dermoid
Kaposis sarcoma
Keloid
Lingual and sublingual dermoid.
Lipoma.
Lipoma arborescence.
Liposarcoma
Malignant tumors
Management of carcinoid tumor
Marjolins ulcer
Multiple myeloma
Neck swellings
Neuroblastoma
Neurofibroma
Non- Hodgkins lymphoma
Oncogenes
Plexiform neurofibroma
Potts puffy tumor
Pressure sores
Principles and management of soft tissue sarcomas
Raspberry tumor
Retention cyst
Rodent ulcer
Sebaceous cyst
Squamous cell carcinoma
Thyroglossal cyst
Thyroglossal fistula
TNM classification
Trophic ulcer
Tumor markers

R
F

14

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


77. Turban tumor
78. Ulcers around the ankle joint

11. SKIN AND BURNS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. A 40 year old female patient is brought to the casualty department
with superficial to deep burns involving 55% of her body surface
area including the facial region. She weighs 65 kgs. Describe the
management of this patient in detail.
2. Changes in human body with 60 % burns.
3. Classify burns. Discuss the management of a case of acute burns.
4. Classify burns. What are the various synthetic and biologic
dressings for burns? Write the fluid resuscitation for a patient with
40% Burns.
5. Classify neavi. Discuss the etiology, pathology, clinical features and
management of malignant melanoma.
6. Clinical features and role of immunotherapy in lower limb
melanoma.
7. Describe clinical varieties of malignant melanoma. Discuss
management of melanoma of sole of foot- stage IIb.
8. Describe the aetiology, pathology, clinical features and
management of cutaneous malignancies.
9. Describe the various types of skin grafting. Discuss merits and
demerits of each one of them.
10. Discuss clinical types, investigations and treatment of malignant
melanoma.
11. Discuss the changes in human body after 60% burns.
12. Discuss the etiology and management of malignant melanoma.
13. Discuss the patho-physiology of burns. How do you manage a case
of 40% burns?
14. Discuss type and mechanism of burn injury and local and general
effects.
15. Enumerate the pathology, clinical features, investigation and
management of malignant melanoma.

R
F

15

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


16. Etiology, clinical features and management of cutaneous
malignancies.
17. Etiology, clinical features and management of melanoma.
18. Etiology, natural history and management of malignant melanoma
of foot with special emphasis on diagnosis and prognostic
indicators.
19. How will you classify burns? Discuss the pathophysiology of burns
shock and its management with special reference to face and neck.
20. How will you classify skin tumors? Discuss management of
malignant melanoma foot.
21. Pathophysiology and management of burns.
22. Recent advances in management of burns and role of surgery.
23. Recent advances in the management of Burn injuries and current
role of surgery.
24. Stage III malignant melanoma.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Amelanotic melanoma
2. Basal cell carcinoma
3. BCC of face
4. Bed sore
5. Chemotherapy for melanoma
6. Chemotherapy of malignant melanoma
7. Complications of burns and management
8. Fluid therapy in burns
9. Full thickness skin graft (Wolfe)
10. Haemangioma
11. Isolated limb perfusion
12. Keloid
13. Lupus vulgaris
14. Malignant melanoma
15. Management of 45% burns in a 50kg lady
16. Marjolin ulcer
17. Melanoma of great toe
18. Myocutaneous flap
19. Pathology of skin tumors

R
F

16

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


20. Pectoralis major flap
21. Pigmented skin lesion
22. Pigmented skin lesions -grading and staging of melanoma
23. Pre malignant conditions of skin
24. Precancerous skin lesion
25. Recent advances in management of burns
26. Rodent ulcer
27. Rule of nine
28. SCC
29. Skin graft
30. Skin grafting
31. Split thickness skin grafting
32. Surgery in burns

12. ARTERIAL DISORDERS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify aneurysms. Discuss the etiology, clinical features and
management of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
2. Classify aneurysms. Enumerate the clinical features of abdominal
aortic aneurysms and write the management.
3. Define critical limb Ischemia (CLI). Discuss clinical features and
management of CLI in a 40 year old patient and symptoms of rest
pain and ulcer in the leg of 30 days duration. Add a note on bypass
procedures of the lower limb.
4. Describe gangrene. Discuss etiology, clinical features, investigations
and management of a patient with critical limb ischemia.
5. Discuss acute arterial occlusion in a lower limb.
6. Discuss arterial replacements.
7. Discuss percutaneous angioplasty.
8. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features, investigation and treatment
of thromoboangitis obliterans.
9. Discuss the etiology, diagnosis and management of infra renal aortic
aneurysm.

R
F

17

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


10. Discuss the etiology, clinical features and management of acute limb
Ischemia.
11. Discuss the etiology, diagnosis and management of thoracic outlet
syndrome.
12. Discuss the etiology, pathology and management of gangrene of
upper limb.
13. Discuss the etio-pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and
management of Buergers disease.
14. Discuss the management of a localised blood in lower half of femoral
artery.
15. Discuss the recent advances in management of vascular disorders.
16. How a 45 years old patient with unilateral chronic ischemia of lower
limb should be investigated and treated?
17. How do you evaluate a limb for vascular insufficiency?
18. How will you assess and classify critical limb ischemia? Discuss its
management.
19. What are the clinical features of acute arterial occlusion? Discuss
the management of superficial femoral occlusion due to
atherosclerosis.
20. What is critical limb ischaemia? How do you manage a case of 40
years old man with chronic lower limb ischaemia?

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Aneurysms
2. Angioplasty
3. Aortic dissection
4. Arterial reconstruction
5. Arteriovenous fistula
6. AV fistula
7. AV malformation
8. Balloon angioplasty
9. Buergers disease
10. Carotid body tumor
11. Carotid body tumour
12. Cirsoid aneurysm
13. Co-arctation of aorta

18

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


14. Critically ischaemic lower limb
15. Digital subtraction angioplasty
16. DSA
17. Haemangioma
18. Indications of A-V fistula
19. Investigations of arterial disease
20. Mesenteric artery stenosis
21. Pathophysiology and management of critically ischaemic limb
22. Profundaplasty
23. Recent concepts in management of abdominal aortic aneurysm
24. Restorative endaneurysmorrhaphy
25. Sapheno varix
26. SEPS for varicose veins
27. Therapeutic embolisation
28. Therapeutic vascular embolisation
29. Thromboangitis obliterans
30. Thrombosis of subclavian vein
31. Vascular stent
32. Vasogastic diseases

13. VENOUS DISORDERS

R
F

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify various veins. Discuss the surgical anatomy, pathophysiology,
complications and management of varicose veins.
2. Discuss etiology and management of DVT.
3. Discuss predisoposing factors, clinical features and management of
deep vein thrombosis.
4. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features, investigations, treatment and
complications of varicose veins.
5. Discuss the clinical features and management of deep vein
thrombosis affecting the lower extremity.
6. Discuss the etio-pathogenesis, clinical features, prophylaxis and
management of deep vein thrombosis.
7. Discuss the management of varicose veins.
19

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


8. Discuss the surgical anatomy of venous system of lower limbs.
Describe the pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and
management of DVT.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Aneurysmal varix
2. Arterilization of veins
3. Chronic venous ulcer
4. Complications of varicose veins
5. Deep venous thrombosis
6. DVT in surgical patients
7. Management of deep venous thrombosis of lower limb
8. Treatment of DVT

14. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM DISORDERS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. A 30 year old made with painless progressive bulky lymph nodes in
left cervical and axillary region. Discuss the management.
2. Describe the pathogenesis and treatment of Hodgkins lymphoma.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Burkitts lymphoma
2. Filarial lymphedema of lower limb
3. Hodgkins lymphoma- staging and classification
4. Lymphoedema
5. Lymphangiography
6. Lymphangitis
7. Lymphoedema and management
8. Lymphoedema of lower limb
9. Lymphoedema
10. T-lymphocyte
11. Tubercular lymphadenitis

20

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


15. DAY CARE SURGERY
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Discuss the selection criteria, problems and procedures suitable for
day surgery.
2. Discuss types of daycare operations and management of day care
patients.

16. MISCELLANEOUS

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Advantage and disadvantage of day care surgery in India
2. Day care surgery
3. Objectives of day care surgery

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify surgically correctable systemic hypertension and describe the
management.
2. Discuss the causes and management of surgically correctable
hypertension.
3. Discuss the etiopathology and management of excessive
postoperative bleeding.
4. Discuss the present day status of endoscopic surgery.
5. Discuss the recent trends in radiological imaging.
6. Discuss the role of radiological and para-radiological imaging
techniques in operative surgery.
7. List the use abuses and resultant complications of corticosteroid
administration in surgical patients.
8. What are the severe wound infections? Discuss clinical features,
investigations and management of tetanus.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. AFB
2. Antibiotic prophylaxis in cholecystectomy
3. Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery
21

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


4. Arteriography
5. Aspiration biopsy for surgical cases
6. Biopsy
7. Bipolar cautery
8. Blood fractions
9. Bowens disease
10. Burkitts tumor
11. Central venous catheter
12. Chest problems after major surgery
13. Choice of suture material
14. Chyluria
15. Compartment syndrome
16. Crush syndrome
17. Cryosurgery
18. CT scan
19. Diabetic foot
20. Drains in surgery
21. Duplex scan
22. Electro-cautery
23. Endocavity ultrasonography
24. Endoluminal endoscopy
25. Endoluminal ultrasound
26. Endoscopic ultrasound
27. Fat embolism
28. Fibre optics
29. FNAC
30. Gardners syndrome
31. Heparin in surgery
32. High tech hospital
33. HIV and the surgeon
34. Hyper alimentation in surgery
35. Implants in surgery
36. Infusion chemotherapy
37. Ingrowing toe nail
38. Inter-sex
39. Interventional radiography in GI haemorrhages

R
F

22

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


40. Interventional radiology
41. Interventional vascular techniques
42. Jaundice in newborn
43. Kaposis sarcoma
44. Laser in surgery
45. Methods of surgical instruments sterilization
46. Monoclonal antibodies
47. Monofilament suture
48. MRI
49. Myocutaneous flap
50. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
51. Non Hodgkins lymphoma
52. Oncogenesis in surgery
53. Oxygen therapy
54. Paraneoplastic syndrome
55. Peritoneal dialysis
56. Place of hormones in surgical practice
57. Plasma expanders
58. Post exposure prophylaxis for AIDS
59. Precautions against AIDS
60. Precautions to prevent adhesions
61. Pre-op preparations
62. Prophylactic antibiotics in surgery
63. Radioisotope in surgery
64. Radionucleotide imaging
65. Radionucleotide scanning
66. Re-implantation of limb
67. Relief of pain in malignancy
68. Role of audit in surgery
69. Role of abdominal drains
70. Role of drains after surgery
71. Sentinel node
72. Staplers in surgery
73. Stents and tissue expanders
74. Surgical audit
75. Surgical robots

R
F

23

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


76. Suture materials
77. Synthetic absorbable sutures
78. Therapeutic embolism
79. Tissue expanders
80. Tissue expansion
81. TNM staging
82. Tourniquet
83. Tumor markers
84. Types of biopsies and their hazards
85. Use of isotopes in diagnosis and treatment
86. Use of laser in surgery
87. Use of staplers in surgery
88. USG in surgery
89. Written informed consent

17. FACE, MOUTH, CHEEK, TONGUE

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify maxillofacial injuries. Discuss their management.
2. Describe the surgical anatomy of the tongue and discuss the
management of carcinoma of tongue stage I.I
3. Development of face. Cleft lip and palate- clinical features and
management
4. Discuss surgical anatomy of the tongue. Discuss management of a 57
yr old man who presents with 3cm lesion in the lateral border of the
tongue with hard jugulo-omohyoid lymph node. How do you
investigate and manage such case?

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. BCC
2. Carcinoma cheek
3. Carcinoma tongue
4. Cleft lip
5. Cleft lip and cleft palate
6. Cleft palate
24

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


7. Facial injuries
8. Le Fort classification of facial fractures
9. Le-forts Fractures
10. Ludwigs angina
11. Malignant exophthalmos
12. Management of cleft lip
13. Management of cleft palate
14. Management of deformities in Hansens disease
15. Millards repair of cleft lip
16. Principles in the management of cleft lip and palate
17. Trigeminal neuralgia

18. TEETH, GUM, EAR, JAW, NOSE AND SINUSES

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Ca floor of mouth.
2. Ca maxilla.
3. Ca palate.
4. Classify jaw tumors and discuss treatment of ca cheek.
5. Discuss pathology, clinical features and management of tumors of
jaw.
6. Fracture maxilla.
7. Lymphatic drainage and management of Ca tongue.
8. Oral carcinoma.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Adamantinoma
2. Ameloblastoma
3. Cancrum oris
4. Carcinoma maxillary antrum
5. Cysts of jaw
6. Dental cyst
7. Dentigerous cyst
8. Epistaxis
9. Epulis
25

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


10. Fibrous dysplasia of the maxilla
11. Leukoplakia
12. Lingual and sublingual dermoid
13. Ludwigs angina
14. Odontomes
15. Pathology of jaw tumors
16. Plunging ranula
17. Rhinophyma
18. Submucosal fibrosis
19. Types of madibulectomy

19. ORAL AND OROPHARYNGEAL CANCER

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Differential diagnosis of ulcers of oral cavity.
2. Discuss premalignant oral lesions, the etiology, clinical presentations,
investigations and management of primary oral malignancies.
3. Discuss the differential diagnoses of ulcers in oral cavity. How do you
treat a case of T2N1M0 lesion of carcinoma tongue?
4. Discuss the etiology, staging, clinical features and management of
carcinoma tongue.
5. Discuss the recent advances and management of head and neck
malignancy.
6. Enumerate premalignant conditions of oral cavity. Describe the
pathology, clinical features and management of Ca Cheek.
7. Enumerate the premalignant conditions of oral cavity. Describe the
pathology, clinical features and management of carcinoma cheek.
8. What are the premalignant lesions of oral cavity? Discuss the
management of a case of T1N1M0 lesion of carcinoma cheek.
9. What are the various anatomic sites that constitute oral cancers?
Write the management of T3N2M0 of carcinoma of cheek.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Carcinoma cheek
2. Developmental anomalies of lip and palate
26

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


3. Leukoplakia
4. Lingual and sublingual dermoids
5. Parapharyngeal tumors
6. Pharyngeal pouch
7. Premalignant lesions of oral cavity
8. Ranula
9. Retropharyngeal abscess
10. Trismus
11. Ulcers of tongue

20. SALIVARY GLANDS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy of parotid gland pathological classification of parotid
tumors and treatment.
2. Classify neoplasms of salivary glands. Write about carcinoma of
parotid gland and its management.
3. Classify parotid tumors. Discuss management of carcinoma parotid.
4. Classify parotid tumors. Discuss the treatment of adenoid cystic
carcinoma.
5. Classify salivary gland neoplasms. Discuss pleomorphic adenoma of
parotid gland.
6. Classify salivary gland tumors and management of parotid tumors.
7. Describe the international classification of salivary gland tumors.
Mention briefly the management of mixed parotid tumors.
8. Describe the surgical anatomy of parotid gland. Discuss the
management of salivary tumors.
9. Discuss in detail operative steps and treatment of submandibular
gland tumors.
10. Discuss malignant tumors of salivary gland.
11. Discuss salivary tumors. Describe clinical features, investigation and
management of adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland.
12. Discuss the pathological varieties and management of salivary gland
tumors.

R
F

27

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


13. Discuss the pathology of tumors of salivary gland and management
of pleomorphic adenoma.
14. Discuss the surgical anatomy of parotid gland with specific reference
to facio-venous plane of Patey. Discuss procedure of superficial
parotidectomy, indications, complications and management of
complications following surgery.
15. How do you investigate and manage a case of parotid tumor?
16. Surgical anatomy of parotid gland. Various surgeries on it.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acinic cell tumor
2. Adenolymphoma
3. Auriculotemporal (freys) syndrome.
4. Benign parotid tumours
5. Dumb-bell parotid tumors
6. Ectopic salivary gland
7. Ectopic salivary tumors
8. Facial nerve injuries
9. Freys syndrome
10. Injury to parotid duct
11. Malignant lesions of salivary glands
12. Mikulicz disease
13. Mixed parotid tumor
14. Mucoepidermoid tumor of parotid
15. Parotid abscess
16. Parotid duct injuries
17. Parotid fistula
18. Parotid tumors
19. Pleomorphic adenoma of parotid
20. Recurrent salivary gland tumor
21. RLN palsy
22. Salivary calculus
23. Sjogrens syndrome
24. Submandibular salivary gland excision
25. Submandibular sialolithiasis
26. Submucous fibrosis

R
F

28

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


27. Surgical anatomy of parotid gland
28. Warthims tumor.

21. PHARYNX AND LARYNX

LONG QUESTIONS
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Complications of tracheostomy
2. Endotracheal intubation
3. Laryngocoele
4. Laryngotomy
5. Management of recurrent laryngeal paralysis
6. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
7. Oropharyngeal airway
8. Pharyngeal diverticulum
9. Pharyngeal pouch
10. Pharyngocoele.
11. Quinsy
12. Recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis
13. Retropharyngeal abscess
14. Trachea-esophageal fistulae (congenital)
15. Trachea-oesophageal fistula
16. Tracheostomy
17. Vocal cord palsy

22. NECK

R
F

LONG QUESTIONS
1. 50 yr old male with painless progressive bulky lymph nodes in left
cervical & axillary region. Discuss the management.
2. Classify neck dissections. Discuss the indications, technique and
complications of radical neck dissection.
3. Cystic swellings in neck and management of thyroglossal cyst.
29

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


4. Describe the various groups of lymphnodes in neck, and discuss the
management of metastatic nodes in the neck.
5. Describe various groups of lymph nodes in neck. Discuss
management of occult primary with secondaries in the neck.
6. Discuss classification, diagnosis management of cystic swellings of
neck.
7. Discuss clinical features, investigations and management of
metastatic disease of the lymph nodes of neck with unknown
primary.
8. Discuss in detail the management of carcinoma of unknown primary
with N1/N2a/N2b neck nodes.
9. Discuss sympathetic innervation of head & neck including upper
limb. Role of cervical dorsal sympathectomy at present in surgery.
10. Discuss the aetiology, pathology and management of tubercular
lymphadenitis. (Enumerate the indications for surgery).
11. Discuss the differential diagnoses and management of midline
swellings of the neck.
12. Fascial compartments of neck, sources and management of
infection in neck .
13. Management of metastatic lymph nodes.
14. Surgical anatomy of cervical lymph node, cervical block dissection.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Adsons test
2. Branchial cyst
3. Branchial fistula
4. Carotid artery blow out
5. Carotid body tumour
6. Cervical block dissection
7. Cervical rib
8. Cold abscess
9. Collar stud abscess
10. Complications of tracheostomy
11. Criles block dissection
12. Cystic hygroma
13. Ludwigs angina

30

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


14. Management of metastasis of unknown origin in the level II lymph
node in the neck
15. Metastasis neck node with unknown primary
16. Neck dissections in oral malignancy
17. Pharyngeal pouch
18. Scalene syndrome
19. Secondaries in the neck
20. Sinuses in the neck
21. Sternomastoid tumour
22. Thyroglossal fistula
23. Tracheostomy
24. Tubercular lymphadenitis

23. THYROID GLAND

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Action of nodule in a goiter, investigation and management of
nodule of thyroid.
2. Anatomy of thyroid gland, various surgeries performed on it.
3. Classification and clinical features of thyroid carcinoma. Rationale of
hemithyroidectomy in papillary carcinoma.
4. Classify neoplasms of thyroid. Discuss clinical features and
management of papillary carcinoma of thyroid.
5. Classify thyroid malignancies. Discuss their diagnoses and
treatment.
6. Classify thyroid neoplasms. Discuss the management of solitary
thyroid nodule.
7. Clinical features of primary thyrotoxicosis and operative steps of
thyroidectomy.
8. Describe how you will proceed with investigation and management
of multinodular goiter in a female aged 40.
9. Describe the pathogenesis of solitary nodule in thyroid. Discuss the
management of hot nodule.
10. Discuss the etiology, clinical features, investigations and
management of multinodular goiter.

R
F

31

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


11. Discuss clinically useful thyroid function tests.
12. Discuss etiopathology, clinical features, and management of Graves
disease.
13. Discuss management of solitary nodule of thyroid.
14. Discuss pathology, clinical features and management of
hyperthyroidism.
15. Discuss the detailed classification and pathology and clinical features
of thyroiditis.
16. Discuss the development of thyroid gland and management of
lingual thyroid.
17. Discuss the etiology, clinical features of multinodular goiter and
management of multinodular thyroid goiter in a 45 yr old female
patient.
18. Discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and
management of primary thyrotoxicosis.
19. Discuss the etiology, pathology, clinical presentation and
management of thyroid malignancies.
20. Discuss the investigation of middle aged woman with thyroid
enlargement. Add a note on collection and transport of radioactive
isotopes.
21. Discuss the management of a solitary thyroid nodule in woman aged
20 years.
22. Discuss the pathology, differential diagnosis and current strategies
in management of solitary thyroid.
23. Discuss the pathology of medullary thyroid carcinoma and its
management.
24. Discuss the pathology, clinical features and management of papillary
Ca thyroid.
25. Discuss the various options in the management of hyperthyroidism.
What are the merits and demerits?
26. How will you manage a case of solitary nodule of thyroid?
27. Hyperthyroidism and management.
28. Pathology and management of malignant thyroid tumours.
29. Pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of medullary
carcinoma thyroid.
30. Recent advances in surgical profile of carcinoma thyroid.

R
F

32

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


31. What are the merits and demerits of drugs uses in preparation of
patient for thyroid surgery?
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Antithyroid drugs
2. Autoimmune thyroiditis
3. Calcitonin
4. Cold nodule thyroid
5. Colloid goitre
6. Complications of thyroid surgery
7. Development of thyroid and anomalies
8. Ectopic thyroid
9. Evaluation of a solitary thyroid nodule (flow chart)
10. Eye signs in primary hyperthyroidism (Graves disease)
11. Eye signs of thyrotoxicosis
12. FNAC of thyroid lesion
13. Hashimotos thyroiditis
14. Hurthle cell adenoma
15. Inflammatory thyroid conditions
16. Iodine 131
17. Jod-basedow thyrotoxicosis
18. Lingual thyroid
19. Management of tetany
20. Medullary CA thyroid
21. Medullary carcinoma of thyroid
22. MEN syndrome
23. Pathological types of follicular carcinoma thyroid
24. Pathology of thyroid carcinoma
25. Physiology of thyroid, synthesis and mode of action of carbimazole
26. Post thyroidectomy respiratory distress
27. Radioactive iodine
28. Retrosternal goiter
29. Serum calcium
30. Solitary nodule thyroid
31. Stridor following thyroid surgery
32. Surgery for papillary ca thyroid

R
F

33

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.

Thyroglossal cyst
Thyroglossal fistula
Thyroid crisis
Thyroid scan
Thyroid storm
Toxic adenoma
Toxic nodule

24. PARATHYROID AND ADRENALS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy, functions and indications for surgery on parathyroid
glands.
2. Calcium metabolism and parathyroids.
3. Causes of surgical hypertension and management of surgically
curable hypertension.
4. Classify adrenal tumours & discuss presentations of adrenal cortical
tumour & its management.
5. Classify hyperparathroidism and discuss the clinical features,
investigations, differential diagnosis and management.
6. Classify multiple endocrine neoplasia. Describe the pathology,
clinical features and management of hyperparathyroidism.
7. Clinical features and biochemical changes and management of
pheochromocytcoma.
8. Clinical features, investigations and management of Cushings
syndrome.
9. Describe clinical features, investigations and management of
Cushings syndrome.
10. Describe clinical features, investigations and management of
pheochromocytoma.
11. Describe embryology of the parathyroid glands. Describe
management of 20 years old girl with suspected
hyperparathyrodism.
12. Discuss the pathology, diagnosis and management of
hyperparathyroidism.

R
F

34

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


13. Describe the surgical anatomy of suprarenal gland. Discuss the
pathology, clinical features and management of adrenal medullary
tumour.
14. Discuss aetiology, clinical features and management of
hyperparathyroidism.
15. Discuss clinical features and management of a case of
pheochromocytoma.
16. Discuss pheochromocytoma under the following headings:
Pathophysiology of the disease & its effects. Physiologic basis of
preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative management of the
disease.
17. Discuss pheochromocytoma.
18. Discuss the autonomic nervous system under the following
headings: Autonomic organization of autonomic flow. Chemical
transmission at autonomic junctions. Responses of effector organs
to autonomic nerve impulse. Physiologic basis of the preoperative
pharmacologic of patient with pheochromocytoma.
19. Discuss the clinical features, investigations and management of
primary hyperparathyroidism.
20. Discuss the diagnosis and surgical management of
hyperparathyroidism.
21. Discuss the indications of adrenalectomy and describe the operative
procedure for right side adrenalectomy.
22. Discuss the management of hyperparathyroidism.
23. Discuss the pathology, diagnosis and management of adrenal
tumors.
24. Discuss the pathology of adrenal tumours. How do you manage a
case of pheochromocytoma?
25. Enumerate causes of hypocalcaemia. How will you investigate and
manage primary hyperparathyroidism?
26. Etiology, clinical presentation, investigation and surgical
management of hyperparathyroidism.
27. List the causes of surgically correctable hypertension. Describe the
pathology, clinical features, diagnosis and management of
pheochromocytoma.
28. Pathology and investigation of adrenal tumours.

R
F

35

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


29. Pathology, clinical features, investigations and management of
parathyroid adenoma.
30. Tests of adrenocortical insufficiency and management of Cushings
syndrome.
31. What are the tumours of adrenal medulla? Discuss the etiopathology, investigations and management of pheochromocytoma.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Adrenal function tests
2. Adrenal medullary tumour
3. Adrenogenital syndrome
4. APUD cell tumour
5. Cushings syndrome
6. Diagnosis and management of pheochromocytoma
7. Hyperparathyroidism
8. Hypoparathyroidism
9. MEN
10. MEN II
11. Neuroblastoma
12. Parathyroid adenoma
13. Parathyroid transplant
14. Pheochromocytoma
15. Preoperative localization of parathyroid adenoma
16. Primary hyperparathyroidism
17. Radiological features in hyperparathyroidism
18. Spread of neuroblastoma
19. Surgical anatomy of parathyroid glands
20. Surgical approaches to the adrenal gland
21. Waynes scoring index

R
F

25. BREAST
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify benign tumours of breast. How will you manage a breast
lump 2x3 cm in middle aged women?
36

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


2. Describe breast conservation surgery in ca breast.
3. Describe the pathology, clinical features and management of
carcinoma breast.
4. Describe the staging of advanced breast carcinoma and discuss the
specific problems in advanced disease with the current
management.
5. Describe the surgical anatomy of the breast. List the premalignant
conditions of the breast. Describe the clinical features, diagnosis
and management of early carcinoma of the breast.
6. Describe the surgical pathology, clinical features and management
of cystosarcoma phylloides.
7. Describe the surgical pathology of carcinoma of the breast. Discuss
the role of hormonal receptors in the management of breast
carcinoma.
8. Discuss breast conservation therapy in cancer breast in the
following heads:
a. Selection of pt. for breast conservation.
b. Contraindication for above procedures.
c. Methods of breast conservation treatment and their limitations.
9. Discuss cancer risk in pregnancy.
10. Discuss etiology, pathology and investigations in a case of
carcinoma of breast. Discuss how you would treat a 30 year old
lady who presents with T1N0M0 lesion.
11. Discuss management of metastatic breast cancer. Add a note on
familial breast cancer.
12. Discuss post mastectomy breast reconstruction.
13. Discuss prognostic factors and management of early breast
carcinoma.
14. Discuss prognostic factors of carcinoma of the breast.
15. Discuss the clinical features, staging and investigations of
carcinoma breast. How do you manage a case of stage II carcinoma
breast?
16. Discuss the etiology, clinical features, investigation and
management of carcinoma breast.
17. Discuss the etio-pathology, clinical features and management of
advanced breast cancer.

R
F

37

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


18. Discuss the etiopathology, clinical features, prognostic factors and
management of early breast cancer.
19. Discuss the Lymphatic drainage of the breast and discuss the
treatment of carcinoma breast stage T2N1M0.
20. Discuss the management of advances carcinoma of the breast.
21. Discuss the modes of early diagnosis of carcinoma breast. Mention
different types of classification of breast cancer.
22. Discuss the pathology and management of lump in breast in women
of 40yrs.
23. Discuss the recent advances in management of early breast
carcinoma.
24. Discuss the risk factors of carcinoma breast. Discuss the causes and
management of local recurrence of breast cancer.
25. Discuss the various diagnostic modalities for carcinoma of the
breast. Add a note on the management of the early Carcinoma of
the Breast.
26. Discuss the various diagnostic modalities of carcinoma breast. Add
a note on management of early carcinoma breast.
27. Enumerate the non-malignant conditions which clinically mimic
carcinoma of the breast. Describe the pathogenesis and
management of each.
28. Management of advanced carcinoma breast.
29. Methods available for diagnosis of early breast carcinoma.
30. Pathology, clinical features and management of early carcinoma
breast.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Aberrations of development and involution of breast
2. Advanced ca breast
3. ANDI
4. Benign breast diseases
5. Benign breast lesion
6. Breast abscess
7. Breast biopsy
8. Breast cystic conditions
9. Cyclical mastalgia
38

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.

Cyclical mastalgia
Cystic lesions of breast
Cystosarcoma phylloides
Danazol
Duct ectasia
Duct papilloma of breast
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Familial breast cancer
Fat necrosis
Fibroadenoma
Fibroadenosis
Fibrocystic disease of breast
Galactocele
Giant fibroadenoma of breast
Gynaecomastia
Hormonal therapy in ca breast
Hormone receptors of breast
Inflammatory breast disease
Lobular carcinoma of breast
Lymphatic drainage of breast
Mammography
Mammoplasty
Mastalgia
Mondors disease
Nipple discharge-significance
Oestrogen
Pagets disease of nipple
Pathology of Pagets disease of nipple
Phylloides tumour
Plasma cell mastitis
Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction
Risk factors of breast malignancy
Role of adjuvant chemotherapy in carcinoma breast
Role of hormone therapy in breast carcinoma
Role of ultrasonography in breast disease
Screening for carcinoma breast

R
F

39

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.

Stage II ca breast
Staging of carcinoma breast
Stereotactic wide local excision of breast
Systemic therapy in carcinoma breast
TB breast
Triple assessment

26. THORAX

LONG QUESTIONS
1. A 30 yr old male brought to the casualty with multiple rib fractures
following a road traffic accident. Discuss the management.
2. Describe the etiology, clinical signs and symptoms of hydatid
disease of the lung.
3. Describe briefly the principles of evaluation, planning and
management of chest injuries.
4. Describe the aetiology, pathology, and management of
bronchogenic carcinoma.
5. Describe the anatomical basis of thoracic outlet syndrome. How will
you investigate and treat such a patient?
6. Describe the anatomy of lymph nodes in the chest. What are the
surgical conditions arising from them? Discuss the differential
diagnosis of mediastinal tumours. What is the pathology &
management of non-hodgkins lymphoma?
7. Describe the components and complications of chest injury in blunt
trauma and its management.
8. Describe the development of diaphragm. Discuss the diagnosis and
management of diaphragmatic hernias.
9. Describe the mechanism of injury, clinical features, and
management of chest trauma.
10. Describe the pathophysiology of hiatus hernia. Describe the
common surgical procedures adopted in the management of hiatus
hernia.
11. Describe the surgical anatomy of the thoracic diaphragm. Discuss
the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

R
F

40

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


12. Describe thoracic outlet syndrome.
13. Detail the history of human heart transplantation. What are the
indications? How can rejections be prevented? Discuss the steps of
open heart surgery.
14. Development of diaphragm, types of diaphragmatic hernias.
15. Discuss chest injuries and management of hemothorax.
16. Discuss chronic empyema.
17. Discuss etiopathogenesis and management of carcinoma of lung.
18. Discuss the different types of chest injuries. How do you manage
them?
19. Discuss the different types of diaphragmatic hernias. Discuss in
detail management of sliding hiatal hernia.
20. Discuss the lung cancer under the following heads:
a.Assessment of operability.
b.Management of small cell carcinoma.
c.Pathological types & prognostic factors.
21. Discuss the management of blunt chest injury.
22. Discuss the management of various injuries that can occur
following blunt trauma of the chest.
23. Discuss the management stab injury to chest.
24. Discuss the pathology and management of bronchogenic
carcinoma.
25. Discuss the surgical anatomy of diaphragm.
26. Etiology, clinical features, management of chest injuries.
27. Investigations, management of flail chest following RTA.
28. Thoracic outlet obstruction and operation of cervical
sympathectomy.
29. What are the physiological derangements in chest injury? Describe
the management of different chest injuries.
30. What are the various varieties of cervical rib? What are the clinical
features and complications? Describe the management of
symptomatic cervical rib.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. ARDS (shock lung)
2. Bronchogenic carcinoma
41

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


3. Bronchopleural fistulas
4. Bronchopulmonary segments
5. Cardiac tamponade
6. Cervical rib
7. Chylothorax
8. Diaphragmatic hernia/ traumatic diaphragmatic hernia
9. Dysphagia lusoria
10. Empyema necessitans
11. Empyema thorax
12. Flail chest
13. Fracture rib
14. Hemopneumothorax
15. Hemothorax
16. Laryngeal paralysis
17. Lung abscess
18. Lung cysts
19. Management of pulmonary hydatid cyst
20. Mediastinal syndrome
21. Mediastinal tumours
22. Mediastinitis
23. Open pneumothorax
24. Pancoasts tumour
25. Paradoxical breathing
26. Paradoxical respiration
27. Pectus excavatum
28. Percutaneous angioplasty
29. Pneumothorax
30. Pulmonary embolism
31. Pulmonary tuberculosis
32. Spontaneous pneumothorax
33. Stellate ganglion
34. Stove in chest
35. Surgical treatment of TB
36. Tension pneumothorax
37. Thoracotomy
38. Thymectomy

R
F

42

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


39. Thymoma
40. Traumatic pneumothorax
41. Types of thoracotomy

27. HEART AND PERICARDIUM

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe the disorders that affect the aortic bifurcation and indicate
their management.
SHORT QUESTIONS
2. ASD
3. Balloon transluminal angioplasty
4. Cardiac tamponade
5. Cardiospasm
6. Chronic pericarditis
7. Coarctaction of aorta
8. Coronary artery bypass
9. Discuss percutaneous angioplasty
10. Etiology and management of cardiac arrest
11. Fogarty catheter
12. IABP
13. Myocardial revascularization
14. Patent ductus arteriosus
15. PDA
16. Pericardiectomy
17. Prosthetic valve disease
18. Restorative end aneurysmorrhaphy
19. TOF
20. VSD

R
F

28. ANASTOMOSES
LONG QUESTIONS
43

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


1. Describe the etiology and management of post-operative fecal
fistula.
2. List the features of an ideal suture material. Classify suture materials
giving examples of each category. Describe in detail side to side and
end to end intestinal anastomoses.
3. What are the factors that influence healing of intestinal
anastomoses? Describe the management of duodenal leak following
gastrectomy.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Access loop in bilio enteric anastamosis
2. End to end anastomosis
3. Factors responsible for anastomotic leak and how will you prevent it
4. Staplers in GI surgery
5. Types of anastamosis

29. OESOPHAGUS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy of lower end of oesophagus and management of GERD.
2. Anatomy of oesophagus, management of middle 1/3rd carcinoma
oesophagus.
3. Causes of upper GI bleed; management of variceal bleeding.
4. D/D of 40 yr old patient presenting with dysphagia. Discuss clinical
features and management of achalasia cardia.
5. Describe currently available endoscopic methods of control in nonvariceal bleed from upper G.I tract.
6. Describe the surgical anatomy of esophagus. Discuss the motility
disorders.
7. Discus the causes and management of upper GI bleed.
8. Discuss dysphagia due to benign causes.
9. Discuss non-shunt operations in management of bleeding
oesophageal varices.
10. Discuss non-surgical methods of control of upper GI haemorrhage.
11. Discuss the advances in management of hematemesis.

R
F

44

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


12. Discuss the approach and management of case of upper GI bleed.
13. Discuss the causes of rupture of esophagus and its complication.
14. Discuss the etiology, clinical features, investigations and treatment
of carcinoma esophagus.
15. Discuss the management of carcinoma lower third esophagus.
16. Discuss the physiology of esophageal motility as applied to clinical
condition of esophagus.
17. Discuss the predisposing conditions, clinical features, diagnosis, and
management of Ca esophagus.
18. Discuss the recent advances in endoscopic palliative procedures for
carcinoma oesophagus.
19. Enumerate causes of dysphagia. Describe management of Achalasia
cardia.
20. Enumerate the causes of upper GI bleeding. How will you manage a
30 yr old man with hematemesis due to portal hypertension?
21. Enumerate types of congenital atresia of oesophagus and how will
you manage the case.
22. List the causes of massive upper GI hemorrhage in the order of
frequency. Describe the initial evaluation, resuscitation and
management of a patient who presents to the accident and
emergency department with variceal hemorrhage.
23. List the premalignant conditions in the esophagus. Describe the
clinical features and management of carcinoma of esophagus. Add a
note on neo-adjuvant therapy in this disease.
24. Management of haemorrhage from GIT.
25. Mention the causes of dysphagia. Describe briefly the clinical
features and management of carcinoma middle third of oesophagus.
26. Non-resectional procedures for treatment of carcinoma
oesophagus.
27. Oesophagal atresia management.
28. Pathology of carcinoma oesophagus. Clinical features, management
of lower carcinoma oesophagus.
29. What is massive blood transfusion? How would you evaluate upper
GI bleed in a 25yr old factory worker? What is your priority in
management of oesophageal varices?

R
F

45

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Achalasia cardia
2. Achalasia of oesophagus
3. Barium study for foreign body in oesophagus
4. Barrets oesophagus
5. Barrets ulcer
6. Cardiospasm
7. Causes of chronic dysphagia
8. Corrosive structure of oesophagus
9. Diagnosis and management of achalasia cardia
10. Dysphagia lusoria
11. Gastro-esophageal reflux
12. GERD
13. Hellers operation
14. Mallory Weiss syndrome
15. Management of achalasia cardia
16. Management of esophageal varices
17. Massive haematochezia - causes and management
18. Neoadjuvant therapy
19. Oesophagal atresia
20. Oesophageal diverticulum
21. Oesophageal perforation
22. Oesophageal stricture
23. Oesophageal varices
24. Peptic oesophagitis
25. Plummer Winson syndrome
26. Pre malignant oesophageal B conditions
27. Schatzkis ring
28. Sclerotherapy
29. Sliding hernia
30. Therapeutic endoscopy
31. Trachea-oesophageal fistula
32. Types of oesophagectomy
33. Upper GI endoscopy
34. Zenkers diverticulum

R
F

46

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


30. STOMACH AND DUODENUM
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Advances in management for chronic duodenal ulcer.
2. Clinical features of carcinoma pyloric end of stomach. How will you
treat early case?
3. Describe anatomy of vagus and various types of vagotomy
performed in management of DU.
4. Describe etiology, complications and management of chronic
duodenal ulcers.
5. Describe pathological anatomy, pathophysiology and management
of stress ulcer.
6. Describe the lymphatic drainage of stomach. Discuss the nonepithelial tumors of stomach and their management.
7. Describe the surgical anatomy of vagus nerves in the abdomen.
Discuss the merits and demerits of highly selective vagotomy.
8. Discuss chronic duodenal ulcer.
9. Discuss pathophsiology of H.pylori infection, and its current
management.
10. Discuss the causes & treatment of anastamotic ulceration following
truncal vagotomy & gastrojejunostomy for peptic ulceration.
11. Discuss the causes of hematemesis.
12. Discuss the etiopathology, clinical features and management of
carcinoma stomach.
13. Discuss the management of acid peptic disease.
14. Discuss the management of chronic duodenal ulcer.
15. Discuss the pathology, mode of spread, investigations, and
treatment of Ca stomach.
16. Discuss the recent advances in management of peptic ulcer.
17. Discuss the surgery in morbid obesity.
18. Discuss volvulus of stomach.
19. Etiology, complications and management of chronic duodenal ulcer.
20. Etiopathology, clinical features of carcinoma stomach and
management.
21. Precancerous lesions of the stomach. Discuss the prognostic factors
of Ca rectum.

R
F

47

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


22. Staging, prognostic, factors of carcinoma stomach.
23. Surgical anatomy and its clinical applications in management of
carcinoma stomach.
24. Trace the history of surgical treatment of acid peptic disease.
Discuss the role of vagotomy in the condition. Discuss the role of
endoscopy in gastroenterological surgery. Discuss the diagnosis and
management of perforation of chronic duodenal ulcer.
25. Volvulus of stomach.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute dilatation of stomach
2. Acute gastric dilation
3. Ampullary Ca
4. Ampullary carcinoma
5. Billroth I gastrectomy
6. Biochemical changes in pyloric stenosis
7. Ca pylorus
8. Completeness of vagotomy
9. Complication of gastrectomy
10. Congenital pyloric stenosis
11. Dumping syndrome
12. Duodenal atresia
13. Duodenal blow out
14. Duodenal fistula
15. Duodenal obstruction
16. Early dumping syndrome
17. Early gastric cancer
18. Endoscopic ultrasonography
19. Fractional test meal
20. Gastrectomy and its complications
21. Gastric lymphoma
22. Gastric reduction of stomach
23. Gastric ulcer
24. Gastrinoma
25. Gastritis
26. Gastro intestinal stromal tumours

R
F

48

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.

Gastro jejunocolic fistula


Gastrocolic fistula
Gastrostomy
GI endoscopy and the surgeon
Giant duodenal ulcer
Helicobacter pylori
Hour glass stomach
Hyper gastrinaemia
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis of infants
Hypertrophic stenosis
Intraoperative indicators for completeness of vagotomy
Krukenbergs tumour
Late dumping syndrome
Leather bottle stomach
Linitus plastica
Menetriers disease
Non-epithelial malignant tumours of stomach
Parietal cell vagotomy
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
Percutaneous gastrostomy
Physiology of acid secretion by parietal cells
Physiology of gastric secretion
Post gastrectomy syndrome
Post-cibal syndrome
Premalignant lesions of carcinoma stomach
Pyloric stenosis
Radionuclear scan in obscure GI bleeding
Ramstedts operation
Recurrent gastric peptic ulcer
Risk factors of carcinoma stomach
Roux-en-y anastomosis
Surgery for morbid obesity
TNM classification of ca stomach and current surgical therapy for
early gastric ca
60. TNM classification of carcinoma stomach and current surgical
therapy of early gastric cancer

R
F

49

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


61.
62.
63.
64.

Trichobezoar
Vagotomy
Volvulus of stomach
ZE syndrome

31. LIVER

LONG QUESTIONS
1. 45 yr old man with space occupying lesion (8cms in diameter) in left
lobe of liver. Discuss the management.
2. A 45yr old casual labourer who is alcoholic presents with a
hypochondrial mass. What is the differential diagnosis that you can
offer on clinical examination? Would you proceed to investigate &
treat a patient with liver mass?
3. A child two years old is having a lump in right abdomen moving
with respiration - discuss the diagnosis and management.
4. Anatomy of portal system, etiopathogenesis of portal hypertension.
5. Causes of portal hypertension, cardinal clinical features and outline
surgical management.
6. Classify liver trauma, elaborate the complications and discuss the
management.
7. Describe anatomy of portal system and etio-pathology of portal
hypertension. Discuss the non-shunt surgical procedures in
management of portal HTN.
8. Describe segmental anatomy of liver and clinical features and
management of parasitic cysts of liver.
9. Describe segmental anatomy of liver and its value in hepatic
resection.
10. Describe segmental anatomy of liver and pre-op workup towards
hepatic resection for primary carcinoma.
11. Describe the anatomy of liver with reference to classical liver
resection and discuss indication of liver resection.
12. Describe the clinical features, investigations and management of
liver injuries.

R
F

50

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


13. Describe the etiology, clinical features and management of hydatid
disease of the liver.
14. Describe the etiology, investigations, and management of portal
hypertension.
15. Describe the surgical anatomy of portal vein and discuss the extra
hepatic portal hypertension.
16. Describe the the venous drainage of lower 5 cms of esophagus.
Discuss the management of bleeding of esophageal varices.
17. Discuss etiopathology, clinical features and management of
heptocellular carcinoma.
18. Discuss the aetiology, types, clinical features and management of
portal hypertension.
19. Discuss the causes of blunt liver injuries. Discuss in detail- types,
diagnosis and management of blunt liver trauma.
20. Discuss the classification and management of blunt liver trauma.
21. Discuss the clinical features and management of acute variceal
bleed.
22. Discuss the clinical features, investigation and management of
portal hypertension.
23. Discuss the segmental anatomy of liver. What are the types of
hepatectomy and indications for it?
24. Discuss the surgical anatomy of liver.
25. Discuss the updates in etiology, diagnosis and management of
primary hepatic carcinoma.
26. Discuss the various shunts available in the management of portal
hypertension.
27. Discuss various methods applied for hepatic decompression in
obstructive jaundice.
28. Enumerate causes of upper GI bleeding. How will you manage a
30yr old man with hematemesis due to portal hypertension?
29. Etiopathogenesis and clinical features of portal hypertension;
management of bleeding oesophageal varices.
30. Hydatid cyst of liver.
31. Surgical anatomy of liver.

R
F

51

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Amoebic liver abscess
2. Biochemical changes in jaundice
3. Budd- Chiari syndrome
4. Childs grading
5. Classification of hepatic functional reserve
6. Hepatic hydatid cyst
7. Hepatic resection
8. Hepatitis B
9. Hepato biliary imaging
10. Hepatorenal syndrome
11. Hydatid cyst
12. Hydatid cyst of liver and surgical implications
13. Indication of liver transplantation
14. Indications for liver transplant
15. Klatskins tumour
16. LFT in surgery for portal hypertension
17. Liver abscess
18. Liver biopsy
19. Liver injuries
20. Management of liver trauma
21. Metabolic sequelae of hepatic resection
22. MRCP
23. Orthoptic liver transplantation
24. Primary HCC
25. Principles of liver transplantation
26. Secondaries in liver
27. Secondary neoplasms of liver
28. Segmental anatomy of liver
29. Selective porto-systemic shunts
30. Selective shunts in portal hypertension
31. Subphrenic abscess
32. Surgical anatomy of liver
33. Therapeutic embolisation
34. TIPSS
35. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt stents

R
F

52

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


32. GALLBLADDER AND BILE DUCTS
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Access loop in bilio- enteric anastomosis.
2. Bile duct injuries and their management.
3. Causes of obstructive jaundice; investigations and management.
4. Causes, precautions and treatment of biliary system injuries.
5. Cholangiocarcinoma.
6. Classify choledochal cysts. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features
and management of choledochal cyst.
7. Clinical features of cholecystitis and surgical management.
8. Complication of CBD drainage procedure.
9. Describe anatomy and anomalies of extrahepatic bile ducts; role of
endoscopy in management of bile duct stones.
10. Describe the technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Discuss the
relative advantages and disadvantages of open cholecystectomy and
laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
11. Describe the vascular supply of extrahepatic biliary tract. Discuss the
aetiology, prevention and management of bile duct injury during
cholecystectomy.
12. Describe the vascular supply to extra hepatic biliary tract. Discuss
the etiology, clinical features and management of biliary stricture.
13. Describe: Anatomy and anomalies of the extrahepatic ducts and
Role of endoscopy in the management of bile duct stones.
14. Discuss the causes and management of biliary fistulae and strictures
following cholecystectomy.
15. Discuss etiopathogenesis, investigations and treatment of carcinoma
gall bladder with respect to staging.
16. Discuss obstructive jaundice caused by malignant diseases.
17. Discuss obstructive jaundice- investigation and management.
18. Discuss obstructive jaundice.
19. Discuss the causes, investigations and management of obstructive
jaundice.
20. Discuss the current management of choledocholithiasis.
21. Discuss the incidence, diagnosis and management of retained CBD
stones.

R
F

53

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


22. Discuss the management of acute cholelithiasis.
23. Discuss the management of calculus cholecystitis.
24. Discuss the pathogenesis of cholilithiasis and non-operative
management of the same.
25. Discuss the problems of surgery of jaundiced patient.
26. Discuss the various types of gallstones, complications,
management.
27. Enumerate causes of surgical jaundice. Discuss the management of
carcinoma of peri- ampullary region.
28. How do you investigate a case of obstructive jaundice? How do you
manage CBD stones? Write a note on retained CBD stones.
29. Indications, clinical features, complications, essential requirements
of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
30. Mention aetiology, investigations and management of gall stones.
31. Role of endoscopy in diagnosis and management of CHD and CBD
obstruction.
32. Surgical anatomy of gallbladder and hazards of cholecystectomy.
33. Vascular supply of extrahepatic duct; etiology, clinical features and
management of biliary strictures.
34. What is surgical jaundice? Pathology and management of cholestatic
jaundice.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Access loop in bilio-enteric anastomosis
2. Anomalies of GB
3. Benign biliary strictures
4. Biliary atresia
5. Biliary fistula
6. Biliary strictures
7. Biochemical changes in jaundice
8. Carolis disease
9. CBD stricture
10. Cholangiogram
11. Cholecystogram
12. Choledochal cyst
13. Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy
54

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


14. Complications of laproscopic biliary tract surgery
15. Congential anomalies of the extrahepatic biliary tract
16. Courvoisiers law
17. Dissolution treatment of gallstone
18. Emphysematous cholecystitis
19. ERCP
20. Gall bladder polyp
21. Gall stone
22. Gall stone ileus
23. Haemobilia
24. Hepatorenal syndrome
25. Internal biliary fistula
26. Intro-op bile duct evaluation
27. Klatskin tumour
28. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
29. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
30. Limeys bile
31. Management of residual stones in CBD
32. Mirrizis syndrome
33. Mucocoele of GB
34. Mucocoele
35. Oral cholecystography
36. P.T.C
37. Percutaneous biliary drainage
38. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary interventional procedures
39. Porto-systemic anastomosis
40. Post cholecystectomy syndrome
41. Preoperative cholangiography
42. Prevention of bile duct injury during cholecystectomy
43. Primary common bile duct stones
44. Recurrent cholangitis
45. Retained CBD stones
46. Retained gall stones
47. Retained gall stones
48. Sclerosing cholangitis
49. Sphincter of ODDI

R
F

55

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


50. Theories of gall stone formation
51. Wedged hepatic venous pressure
52. White bile

33. SPLEEN

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Causes, clinical features of injury of spleen and surgical management.
2. Describe the anatomy and discuss the conservative management of
splenic rupture
3. Discuss the clinical features and management of splenic injuries. Add
a note on splenorraphy.
4. Discuss the etiology, signs and symptoms and management of splenic
rupture.
5. Discuss the indications for splenectomy and describe the steps for
emergency splenectomy.
6. Indications for splenectomy and management of haemolytic anemia.
7. Surgical alternatives to splenectomy.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Complications of splenectomy
2. Hereditary spherocytosis
3. Hypersplenism
4. Indications for splenectomy
5. Management of splenic injury
6. OPSI
7. Rupture spleen
8. Spleenenculi
9. Splenic artery aneurysm
10. Splenomegaly
11. Splenic rupture
12. Splenic trauma
13. Tropical splenomegaly

R
F

56

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


34. PANCREAS
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Carcinoma head of pancreas: pathology, clinical features and
palliative procedures for unresectable tumors.
2. Classify jaundice. How does obstructive jaundice increase morbidity
in a surgical patient? Discuss the surgical procedures in carcinoma
head of pancreas.
3. Classify pancreaticoduodenal injuries. How do you manage a case of
traumatic duct injury of pancreas and its complications?
4. Classify tumors of pancreas. Discuss the pathology, clinical features
and management of insulinoma.
5. Clinical features, investigations, surgical management of chronic
calcific pancreatitis.
6. Describe surgical anatomy of pancreas. How do you diagnose and
manage pancreatic calculi?
7. Describe surgical complication and management of acute
pancreatitis.
8. Describe the clinical features and management of acute pancreatitis.
9. Describe the clinical features, investigations and management of
pseudocyst of pancreas.
10. Describe the development of pancreas and its congenital anomalies
and their treatment.
11. Describe the secretions of the pancreas and discuss their function.
12. Diagnosis and management of pancreatic injuries.
13. Diagnostic, prognostic evaluation and treatment of acute
pancreatitis.
14. Discuss causes, investigation and management of pancreatic ascites.
15. Discuss etiology, clinical features and complications of pseudocyst of
pancreas. Briefly mention its management.
16. Discuss nesidioblastoma.
17. Discuss the clinical features and management of acute necrotizing
pancreatitis.
18. Discuss the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis and management of
abscess formation in pancreas.

R
F

57

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


19. Discuss the etiology, diagnosis and management of chronic
pancreatitis.
20. Discuss the etiology, pathology, clinical features and management of
acute pancreatitis.
21. Discuss the etiopathogenesis, clinical features and management of a
case of carcinoma head of pancreas.
22. Discuss the islet cell of pancreas and their surgical importance.
23. Discuss the management of a case of carcinoma of the head of
pancreas.
24. Discuss the sequel of the injury to pancreas.
25. Discuss the traumatic rupture of pancreas.
26. Enumerate causes of surgical jaundice and discuss the management
of carcinoma of the head of pancreas.
27. Etiology pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis.
28. How do you manage pain in chronic pancreatitis?
29. Islet cell of pancreas and surgical importance.
30. Mention classification of pancreatitis and describe acute
pancreatitis.
31. Pancreaticoduodenal tumors.
32. Traumatic rupture of pancreas.
33. What are the pancreatic function tests? Discuss management of
pseudocyst of the pancreas.
34. Write signs, symptoms and the management of chronic pancreatitis.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute pancreatitis
2. Annular pancreas
3. Blunt injury pancreas
4. Childs criteria
5. Chronic pancreatitis
6. Complications of acute pancreatitis
7. Cysts of pancreas
8. Diagnosis and management of annular pancreas
9. Endocrine tumours of pancreas
10. ERCP
11. Glucagonoma
58

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

Insulinoma
Islet cell tumors
Management of pseudocyst of pancreas
MRCP
Pancreatic calculi
Pancreatic function tests
Pancreaticolithiasis
Pancreatic transplant
Pancreaticoduodenal injuries
Periampullary carcinoma
Prognostic factors in acute pancreatitis
Pseudo pancreatic cysts
Pseudocyst of pancreas
Role of contrast CT in acute pancreatitis
Surgical complications of DM
Treatment of chronic pancreatitis
Tropical pancreatitis
WDHA syndrome
Whipples procedure
Zollinger Ellisons syndrome

R
F

35. PERITONEUM, MESENTRY, OMENTUM AND RETROPERITONEUM


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify mesenteric cysts. What is pseudo mesenteric cyst? Discuss
pathology, differential diagnosis and management.
2. Discuss anatomy of greater omentum and its use in surgical practice
3. Discuss causes and management of biliary peritonitis.
4. Discuss causes of hemoperitoneum and its management.
5. Discuss the surgical anatomy of the peritoneal spaces. How will you
manage a para duodenal hernia?
6. Surgical anatomy of peritoneal spaces. Paraesophageal hernia
management.
SHORT QUESTIONS
59

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


1. Abdominal TB
2. Carcinoma peritonei
3. Chylous ascites
4. DPL
5. Enterogenous cyst
6. Granulomatous peritonitis
7. Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis
8. Infections and management of retro peritoneal spaces
9. Intra-abdominal adhesions
10. Intraperitoneal bands
11. Mesenteric artery occlusion
12. Mesenteric cyst
13. Mesenteric adenitis
14. Mesothelioma
15. Paracentesis
16. Pelvic abscess
17. Peritonitis
18. Pseudo myxoma peritonei
19. Pseudomyxoma peritonei
20. Psoas abscess
21. Retroperitoneal fibrosis
22. Rutherford Morrisons pouch
23. Sub phrenic abscess
24. Subdiaphragmatic abscess
25. Sub-phrenic abscess
26. Subphrenic space
27. Tabes mesenterica
28. Talc granuloma
29. TB peritonitis

R
F

36. SMALL AND LARGE INTESTINE


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy and pathology of ileocecal lesions.
2. Classify and describe- the signs and management of colonic growth.
60

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


3. Classify tumors of colon. Discuss investigations, management of
carcinoma transverse colon.
4. Clinical features and management of colon cancer.
5. Define short bowel syndrome. Discuss pathophysiology features and
management of short bowel syndrome.
6. Describe etiopathogenesis and management of large gut polyps.
7. Describe in detail the aetiopathogenesis, types, clinical features,
investigations, differential diagnosis and management of
intussusception.
8. Describe the development and complication that may arise from
Meckels diverticulum.
9. Describe the different types of inflammatory bowel disease. Discuss
the management of ulcerative colitis.
10. Discuss etiology, clinical features and management of ulcerative
colitis.
11. Discuss the causes and management of acute lower gastrointestinal
bleed in a 60yr old man.
12. Discuss the diagnosis, differential diagnosis and management of
ileocecal tuberculosis.
13. Discuss the etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of
intussuception.
14. Discuss the management of intestinal ischemia.
15. Discuss the management of recurrent adenocarcinoma of colon and
rectum.
16. Discuss the pathophysiology and treatment of short bowel
syndrome.
17. Discuss the surgical management of amoebiasis.
18. Enumerate causes of lower GI haemorrhage. Discuss the current
thinking in management of this condition.
19. Etiology, clinical features and management of ulcerative colitis.
20. Evaluate the causes of intestinal fistulae and discuss the
management principle of intestinal fistulae.
21. How will you investigate and manage a case of Hirschprungs
disease?
22. Management of hemorrhage from GIT.

R
F

61

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


23. Pathogenesis, metabolic disturbances and management of small
bowel obstruction.
24. Pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis, surgical procedures other than
conventional ileostomy in management of ulcerative colitis.
25. Pathology and management of ulcerative lesions of colon.
26. What are the predisposing factors for colon cancer? Discuss clinical
features and latest management of colon cancer.
27. Write in detail the ulcerative lesions of colon and the management
of ulcerative colitis.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Adjuvant therapy in colorectal malignancy
2. Amoeboma
3. Anomalies of vitello intestinal duct
4. APUDoma
5. Ascariasis in surgery
6. Blind loop
7. Bowel preparation in colonic surgery
8. Ca caecum
9. Carcinoid syndrome
10. Carcinoid tumor
11. Care of ileostomy
12. Colonoscopy
13. Colostomy
14. Complications of colostomy
15. Complications of Meckels Diverticulum
16. Crohns Disease
17. Diagnosis and management of ileal intussusception
18. Diverticulitis
19. Diverticulosis of colon
20. Duplication of the Gut
21. Enterocutaneous fistula
22. Etiology of colon cancer
23. Faecal fistulas
24. FAP
25. Feeding jejunostomy

R
F

62

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.

Gall stone ileus


Gardners Syndrome
Gastrojejunocolic fistula
Hirschprungs disease
Ileal perforation in enteric fever
Ileal perforation in typhoid
Ileo cecal TB
Ileostomy
Internal fistula
Intestinal amoebiasis
Intestinal stomas
Intestinal typhoid perforation
Intussusception
Kochs continent ileostomy
Ladds band
Large bowel ischemia
Large bowel papilloma
Malrotation of gut
Management of colostomy
Meckels diverticulum
Meconium ileus
Megacolon
Mesenteric vascular obstruction
Necrotising enterocolitis
Obstruction Pseudo
Pathological features of Crohns disease
Permanent colostomy
Peutz- Jeghers syndrome
Pre-cancerous lesions of colon
Red currant jelly stools
Regional ileitis
Restorative proctocolectomy
Right iliac fossa mass
Short gut syndrome
Sigmoid volvulus
Sigmoid volvulus- surgical treatment

R
F

63

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome


TB stricture small intestine
Theurapetic uses of colonoscopy
Toxic megacolon
Treatment of megacolon
Tumors of small intestine
Typhoid perforation
Ulcerative colitis
Volvulus
Volvulus neonatorum
Volvulus of small gut
Volvulus sigmoid colon

37. INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anomalies of intestinal rotation.
2. Causes of strangulated intestinal obstruction and management of
mesenteric vascular obstruction.
3. Classify intestinal obstruction. Discuss the differential diagnosis and
management of acute intestinal obstruction in a 70 yr old man.
4. Clinical features, pathology and management of small bowel
obstruction.
5. Describe clinical features, etiology and management of acute
intestinal obstruction.
6. Discuss clinical features, diagnosis and management of acute
mesenteric artery thrombosis.
7. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features, diagnosis, investigations,
complications and management of intestinal obstruction.
8. Discuss the anomalies of intestinal rotation.
9. Discuss the etiopathogenesis and management of acute intestinal
obstruction.
10. Discuss the management of ileus.
11. Discuss the management of intestinal obstruction developing in early
post operative period.

R
F

64

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


12. Discuss the management of meconium ileus.
13. Discuss the various causes, clinical features and management of
acute intestinal obstruction.
14. Discuss various causes of intestinal obstruction in a new born and
management of meconium ileus.
15. Enumerate causes of dynamic intestinal obstruction. Discuss clinical
features and management of acute small bowel obstruction.
16. Enumerate the causes of intraperitoneal adhesions. How do you
manage a case of recurrent intestinal obstruction due to adhesions?
17. Meconium ileus and its management.
18. Mention the causes of large bowel obstruction. Discuss the clinical
features and management of carcinoma of colon.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute intussusception
2. Angiodysplasia of colon
3. Complication of inflammatory bowel diseases
4. Duodenal perforation
5. Etiology of colon cancer
6. Fecal fistulas
7. Gallstone obstruction
8. Ileo ileal intussusception
9. Intestinal duplication
10. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction
11. Meconium ileus
12. Paralytic ileus
13. Pseudoobstruction
14. Sigmoid volvulus
15. Volvulus neonatorum

38. APPENDIX
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Discuss the complications that may follow appendicectomy.
65

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Management of carcinoid tumor of appendix
2. Appendicular abscess
3. Appendicular carcinoid
4. Appendicular mass
5. Carcinoid tumour of appendix
6. Complication of appendicectomy
7. Laparoscopic appendicetomy
8. Mucocele of appendix
9. Oschner- Sherrin regimen

39. RECTUM

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy of rectum and anal canal. Discuss etiology, pathogenesis
and management of rectal prolapse.
2. Causes of bleeding per rectum, clinical features and management of
carcinoma middle third rectum.
3. Classify ano-rectal anomalies and their management.
4. Define rectal prolapsed. Discuss merits and demerits of various
procedures.
5. Describe pathophysiology of prolapse rectum. Evaluate indications
and advantages of different surgical procedures done for prolapse
rectum.
6. Describe the etiology and management of rectosigmoid carcinoma.
7. Describe the surgical anatomy of rectum giving particular emphasis
to the sphincters.
8. Discuss the anatomical basis and management of prolapsed rectum.
9. Discuss the management of ano-rectal malformation.
10. Discuss the management of carcinoma rectum.
11. Discuss the management of massive bleeding per rectum.
12. Discuss the pathology, clinical features and management of early
rectosigmoid growth.
13. Discuss the recent trends in management of carcinoma of rectum.

R
F

66

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


14. Draw a labelled diagram to describe the surgical anatomy of the
rectum and anal canal. Outline the pathology and clinical features of
carcinoma of the rectum.
15. Outline the management of carcinoma of the rectum touching upon
total mesorectal excision and sphincter saving resection.
16. Pathology, clinical features and management of carcinoma rectum.
17. Pathology, clinical features and management of rectal prolapse.
18. Write the lymphatic drainage of colon. How do you manage a case
of carcinoma of rectum that is present in the middle third of the
rectum?
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Anal manometry
2. Anterior resection
3. Bleeding PR
4. Ca middle third rectum
5. Dukes staging
6. Early rectal cancer
7. Ischiorectal abscess
8. Lymphatic drainage of rectum
9. Perforation of rectum
10. Prolapse rectum
11. Rectal prolapse
12. Role of radiotherapy in Carcinoma Rectum
13. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome
14. Staging systems in carcinoma rectum
15. Tumours of the rectum

R
F

41. ANUS AND ANAL CANAL


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Anatomy of anal canal. Classification and management of congenital
anorectal anomalies
2. Causes of anorectal sepsis. Pathogenesis, classification, management
of fistula in ano.
67

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


3. Classify infections around anal canal and discuss the management.
4. Classify the types of fistula in ano and describe the recent concepts
in their management.
5. Current trends classification and management of fistula in ano.
6. Describe the development of ano-rectum and discuss the
management of high anal fistula.
7. Discuss the causes of anorectal suppurations and management of
high anal fistula.
8. Malignant tumors of anal canal.
9. Surgical anatomy of anal canal. Discuss pathogenesis, classification
and management of anorectal sepsis.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Anal incontinence
2. Anal manometry
3. Anal sphincters
4. Anatomy of anal sphincter
5. Anorectal malformations
6. Anterior resection
7. Barium enema
8. Chemical sphincterotomy for anal fissure
9. Chronic Fissure- in- ano
10. Current trends in the management of acute fissure- in- ano
11. Fissure- in- ano
12. Fistula- in- ano
13. Goodsalls rule
14. Haemorrhoids
15. Hematochezia
16. Hemorrhoids
17. High Anal fistulae
18. Imperforate anus
19. Lateral anal sphincterotomy
20. Lords Operation
21. Management of fistula-in-ano
22. Non-surgical treatment of hemorrhoids
23. Peri-anal suppurations

R
F

68

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


24. Pilonidal sinus
25. Proctalgia fugax
26. Pruritis ano
27. Solitary rectal ulcer
28. Stapler haemorrhoidectomy
29. Surgical treatment of haemorrhoids
30. Treatment of fissure in ano
31. Treatment of high level fistula in ano
32. Treatment of third degree haemorrhoids

41. HERNIA, UMBILICUS, ABDOMINAL WALL

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify hernias. Discuss different treatment modalities for each type
of hernia.
2. Describe different variety of ventral hernias of abdomen and
indication for Shouldice repair.
3. Describe the types and clinical features and management of hiatal
hernia.
4. Describe the various umbilical hernias and discuss their
management.
5. Describe umbilical hernia and management of obstructed umbilical
hernia.
6. Describe various types of hiatus hernia. Mention briefly
investigations and management.
7. Discuss surgical anatomy, differential diagnosis, complication and
management of a case of femoral hernia
8. Discuss surgical anatomy of inguinal canal. Discuss briefly factors
responsible for recurrence of hernia.
9. Discuss the development of diaphragm. What are the various
hernias of diaphragm?
10. Discuss the development of femoral hernia. Describe the
management of strangulated femoral hernia.
11. Discuss the factors contributing to abdominal wound dehiscence
and its management.

R
F

69

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


12. Discuss the surgical anatomy, differential diagnosis, complications
and management of a case of femoral hernia.
13. Discuss the various advantages and disadvantages of surgical
incisions of abdomen.
14. Discuss various types of diaphragmatic hernia and management of
hiatal hernia.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Abdominal compartment syndrome
2. Abdominal incisions
3. Burst abdomen (wound dehiscence) - prevention and treatment
4. Causes of recurrent hernia
5. Classify inguinal hernia
6. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
7. Cystic lesions in femoral triangle
8. Desmoid tumor
9. Diaphragmatic hernia
10. Exomphalos
11. Femoral canal
12. Gastroschisis
13. Giant Scrotal hernia
14. Hiatus hernia
15. Inguinal hernioplasty
16. Interstitial hernia
17. Large abdominal hernia
18. Littres Hernia
19. Maydls hernia
20. Omphalocele
21. Pantaloon hernia
22. Raspberry tumour
23. Retroperitoneal tumors
24. Richters hernia
25. Sliding hernia
26. Spigelian hernia
27. Surgical Anatomy of Anterior Abdominal wall
28. Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture

R
F

70

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

Treatment of hiatus hernia


Umbilical adenoma
Umbilical fistula
Umbilical hernia
Umbilical polyp
Umblical discharge
Urachus
Vitello intestinal duct

42. PRINCIPLES OF LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
2. Current position of non-biliary laparoscopic surgery.
3. Discuss laparoscopic surgical procedures for obesity.
4. Laparoscopic surgery- its present status.
5. Role of diagnostic laparoscopy.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Advantages of laparoscopic operations
2. Complications of laparoscopy
3. Complications peculiar to laparoscopic operations
4. Current position of non-biliary laparoscopic surgery
5. Diagnostic laparoscopy
6. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
7. Laparoscopic appendicectomy
8. Laparoscopy
9. Limitations of minimal access surgery
10. Non-Biliary Laparoscopic Surgery
11. Principles of laparoscopic surgery
12. Principles of port placements in laparoscopic surgery
13. Pros and Cons of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

R
F

43. FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS


71

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify fractures and discuss methods and principles of holding
fractures in the lower limb.
2. Classify pelvis fractures. Discuss the clinical features, diagnosis and
management of pelvic fractures.
3. Describe the clinical features and management of Colles fracture.
4. Describe the fractures neck of femur the complications and
management.
5. Describe the various fractures of ribs and its management.
6. Discuss clinical features, fracture neck femur and its management.
7. Discuss the classification, management and complications of
fractures of pelvis.
8. Discuss the clinical features and complication and management of
supra-condylar fractures.
9. Discuss the management of a 70 year old man presenting with a fall
and fracture neck femur.
10. Discuss the management of fracture pelvis.
11. Fracture both bones forearm its mechanism and management.
12. Write in detail on the pathogenesis and treatment of recurrent
dislocations of shoulder.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Arthroscopy
2. Avascular necrosis of femoral head
3. Brodie Trendelenberg test
4. Brodies abscess
5. Chronic shoulder dislocation
6. Classification of fracture maxilla
7. Claw hand
8. Colles fracture
9. Compartment syndrome
10. Complications of supra-condylar fracture of elbow
11. Congenital dislocation of the hip
12. CTEV
13. Factors causing non-union of fracture
14. Fat embolism

R
F

72

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


15. Fracture Patella
16. Fracture shaft of femur
17. Management of closed communited fracture shaft of humerus
18. Multiple myeloma
19. Painful arc syndrome
20. Pathological fracture
21. Pathology of acute osteomyelitis
22. Pelvic fracture
23. Phantom limb
24. Recurrent dislocation of shoulder
25. Sequestrum
26. Shoulder dislocation
27. Stress fracture
28. Supra-condylar fracture of humerus
29. TB hip
30. Volkmanns contracture
31. Volkmanns Ischaemic contracture

44. DISEASES OF BONE AND JOINT

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Chronic osteomyelitis.
2. Discuss the anatomy of ulnar bursa. How do you manage a case of
ulnar bursa infection?
3. Potts paraplegia.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Arthroscopy
2. Charcots joint
3. Chronic osteomyelitis
4. Cold abscess
5. Congenital talipes equino varus
6. Frozen shoulder
7. Glenohumeral joint instability
8. Osteomyelitis
73

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


9. Pathology of acute osteomyelitis
10. Potts spine affecting the thoracic vertebra
11. Sequestrum
12. Suppurating tenosynovitis
13. Tennis elbow
14. Tenosynovitis
15. Total hip replacement
16. Tuberculosis of knee joint
17. Tuberculous arthritis of Hip Joint

45. TUMOURS OF BONE AND JOINT

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify bone tumors and discuss the investigations and management
of metastatic bone tumor of femur in a 55yr old woman.
2. Classify bone tumors. Discuss the aetiopathogenesis and
management of osteogenic sarcoma of the lower end of femur.
3. Classify bone tumors. Discuss the clinical features, investigations and
advances in the management of osteosarcoma.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Bone metastasis
2. Chondrosarcoma
3. Management of osteoclastoma
4. Multiple Exostosis (Diaphyseal aclasis)
5. Osteoclastoma
6. Osteogenic sarcoma
7. Osteosarcoma
8. Pathology of Ewings Tumour
9. Pathology of Osteoclastoma

R
F

46. HAND
LONG QUESTIONS
74

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


1. Describe the anatomy of hand and discuss the various infections and
their management.
2. Discuss the surgical anatomy of hand. Discuss the etiology and
management of fascial infections of hand.
3. Etiology and management of tendon injuries of hand.
4. Outline the management of hand injuries.
5. Surface anatomy of plamar spaces and hand infections.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute paronychia
2. Anatomy of palmar spaces
3. Carcinoid tumour
4. Carpal tunnel syndrome
5. Claw hand
6. Compound palmar ganglion
7. De Quervians tenosynovitis
8. Deep palmar space
9. Dupuytrens disease
10. Fascial planes of hand
11. Flexor tendon injuries of the hand
12. Ganglia
13. Glomus tumor
14. Hand infections
15. Muscles of the palm and their nerve supply
16. Paronychia
17. Surgical anatomy of palmar space
18. Tenosynovitis of hand
19. Trigger finger
20. Volkmanns ischaemic contracture

R
F

47. FOOT
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Clinical features, management and role of immunotherapy in lower
limb malignant melanoma.
75

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


2. Crush injury of leg management.
3. Discuss the etiology, natural history and management of malignant
melanoma of the foot with special emphasis on diagnostic and
prognostic factors.
SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Above knee amputation
2. Below knee amputation
3. Diabetic foot
4. Diabetic ulcer foot
5. Hammer toe
6. Madura foot
7. Mycetoma foot
8. Surgical management of infections of the foot in diabetic patients
9. Trophic ulcer foot

48. SPINE AND SPINAL CORD

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Discuss Potts paraplegia
2. Discuss the management of fractures of spine.
3. Discuss the pathology clinical features and management of spinal
cord tumors.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Management of meningomylocele
2. Management of TB spine
3. Management of traumatic paraplegia
4. Meningocele
5. Spina bifida
6. Spinal cord tumors
7. TB spine
8. Traumatic paraplegia
9. Tuberculosis of the spine
76

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


49. NERVES
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe the anatomy of the recurrent laryngeal nerves. How will
you prevent injury to this nerve during thyroidectomy? What are the
clinical features and management of unilateral, bilateral recurrent
laryngeal nerve injury?
2. Describe the classification, clinical features and management of
peripheral nerve injuries.
3. Discuss the management of trigeminal neuralgia
4. Formation of brachial plexus, clinical features and management of
ulnar nerve palsy.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acoustic neuroma
2. Anatomy of radial nerve
3. Axonotemesis
4. Bells palsy
5. Carpal Tunnel syndrome
6. Classification and management of nerve injuries
7. Dermatomes
8. Entrapment neuropathy
9. Erbs palsy
10. Facial Nerve injury
11. Horners Syndrome
12. Median nerve compression at the wrist
13. Median nerve injury
14. Meralgia Paraesthetica
15. Nerve grafting
16. Nerve injuries- different types and management of radial nerve
injury
17. Nerve injuries of the upper limb
18. Nerve repair
19. Neuralgia paraesthetica
20. Neurolysis
21. Neuropraxia

R
F

77

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.

Phantom limb
Progressive weakness of hand
Radial nerve injury
Surgery in Leprosy
Trigeminal neuralgia
Ulnar nerve compression
Wrist drop

50. CRANIUM (SCALP, SKULL, BRAIN)

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify brain tumors. Describe surgical technique of suboccipital
craniotomy for exploration of posterior cranial fossa tumors. Discuss
the relative advantages and disadvantages of various patient
positions used for exploration of posterior cranial fossa.
2. Classify hydrocephalus. Discuss investigation and management of a
case.
3. Define head injury. Discuss the aetiology and clinical features. How
will you investigate and manage a case of head injury in a 10 year old
child.
4. Describe anatomical covering of brain how do you evaluate and
manage head injuries.
5. Discuss chronic subdural hematoma.
6. Discuss etiopathogenesis, clinical features and management of subarachnoid haemorrhage.
7. Discuss the injuries of brain, investigations and management in brief.
8. Discuss the management of a patient with severe head injury.
9. Discuss the mechanism of head injury. Discuss the clinical features,
investigations and management of intracranial haemorrhage after
head injury.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute subdural hematoma
2. Berry aneurysms
3. Brain death
78

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


4. Cerebral contusion
5. Cerebral oedema
6. Chronic subdural haematoma
7. Clinical examination of head injury
8. CT scan in head injury
9. Depressed fracture skull
10. Extradural haemorrhage
11. Froins Syndrome
12. Glasgow coma scale
13. Hydrocephalus
14. Indication of surgery in head injury
15. Indications for admission in a patient with head injury
16. Late effects of head injury
17. Lucid interval
18. Management of intracranial haemorrhage
19. Menigioma
20. Potts puffy tumor
21. SDH
22. Spinal headache
23. Subarachnoid haemorrhage
24. Subdural Haematoma
25. Tuberculoma

R
F

51. URINARY SYMPTOMS, INVESTIGATION OF THE URINARY TRACT,


ANURIA
LONG QUESTIONS
1. Define anuria, classify it and discuss its aetiopathology, clinical
presentations and management.
2. Discuss the etiology and management of anuria.
3. Discuss the tests for assessment of kidney function.
4. Discuss the uses of investigations in treatment of urinary tract
infections.
5. Enumerate the causes of hematuria and discuss the special
investigations and principles treatment.
79

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute retention of urine
2. Anuria
3. Causes of haematuria
4. Chyluria
5. Extravasation of urine
6. Haematuria
7. Intravenous urogram
8. Intravenous urography
9. Investigations for anuria
10. Retention of urine

52. KIDNEY AND URETERS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. 40 yr old with left renal mass and hypertension. Discuss the
management.
2. Classify renal tumors. Discuss clinical features and management of
RCC.
3. Classify renal tumors. Describe the clinical features and
management of hypernephroma.
4. Classify renal tumors. Discuss in detail the clinical features,
investigations and management of renal cell carcinoma.
5. Describe development of kidney ureter and their congenital
anomalies.
6. Describe the clinical features and management of Grawitz tumor.
7. Describe the pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of unilateral
hydronephrosis
8. Describe the pathology, clinical features and management of Wilms
tumor.
9. Describe various types of urolithiasis. How do you manage a case of
renal calculi?
10. Discuss causes of unilateral hydronephrosis. How do you manage a
case of congenital hydronephrosis?
11. Discuss genito-urinary tuberculosis.

R
F

80

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


12. Discuss in detail the aetiology, types, clinical features and
management of hydronephrosis.
13. Discuss management of urolithiasis.
14. Discuss organ transplantation with particular reference to kidney.
15. Discuss pathogenesis of renal calculi and various treatments.
16. Discuss recent advances in management of urinary calculi.
17. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features and management of renal
calculus.
18. Discuss the calculous diseases of the urinary tract.
19. Discuss the causes, clinical features, investigations and management
of bilateral hydronephrosis.
20. Discuss the clinical features investigations and management of renal
cell carcinoma.
21. Discuss the clinical features, complications, investigations and
management of kidney injuries.
22. Discuss the current management of renal calculi.
23. Discuss the etiology of renal calculi. Describe the clinical features
investigations and treatment of bilateral renal calculi.
24. Discuss the indications for and technique of urinary diversion.
25. Discuss the indications and types of surgery for hydronephrosis.
Describe the dismembered pyloroplasty for right hydronephrosis.
26. Discuss the management of uremic patient.
27. Discuss the pathology and management of renal tuberculosis.
28. Discuss the pathology clinical features management of Wilms
tumor.
29. Discuss the pathology, clinical features, staining and management of
renal cell carcinoma.
30. Discuss the types, clinical features, investigations and treatment of
renal injuries.
31. Discuss urinary diversions.
32. Enumerate causes of hematuria and discuss special investigations
and principles of treatment.
33. Etiology and management of hematuria.
34. Etiology and management of injury to ureters.
35. Etiology pathology and management of hydronephrosis.
36. Genitourinary TB.

R
F

81

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


37. Indication and methods of urinary diversion.
38. Mention the pathology, staging, clinical features and management
of hypernephroma (Grawitz tumour).
39. Pathology of renal TB.
40. Renal failure.
41. Renal calculi.
42. Update the etiology, diagnosis and management of renal cell
carcinoma.
43. What are the causes of hematuria? Discuss the investigations of a
case of hematuria. Discuss the treatment of carcinoma bladder.
44. What are the radiological methods available to investigate the
genito urinary tract? How do you manage a 30 yr old with painless
hematuria?
45. What is hydronephrosis? Write the causes for unilateral
hydronephrosis and management of pelvi-ureteric obstruction in a
child of 10 years.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Accidental ligation of both ureters
2. Acute pyelonephritis
3. Autonephrectomy
4. Complications of renal transplantion
5. Congenital abnormalities of kidney
6. Development of genitourinary system
7. Dietels crisis
8. E.S.W.L
9. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWL)
10. Genito urinary TB
11. Hematuria
12. Horse shoe kidney
13. Hydronephrosis
14. Hyperchloremic acidosis
15. Indication and methods of urinary diversion
16. Indication of renal transplant
17. IVP
18. Lithotripsy

R
F

82

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


19. Lower third ureter stone management
20. Management of lower ureteric stone
21. Management of Unilateral ischaemic kidney
22. Megaureter
23. Micturition cystourethrogram
24. Nephroblastoma
25. Nephron sparing nephrectomy
26. Oxalate stone
27. PCNL
28. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
29. Perinephric abscess
30. Physiology of micturition
31. Polycystic kidney
32. Prevention of recurrence of renal stones
33. PUJ obstruction
34. Pyelonephritis
35. Pyonephrosis
36. Renal angiography
37. Renal artery stenosis
38. Renal cysts
39. Renal injuries
40. Renal swellings
41. Renal transplantation
42. Renogram
43. Solitary renal cyst
44. Solitary renal cyst
45. Staghorn calculous
46. Transitional carcinoma of urinary tract
47. Tuberculous lesions in kidney
48. Unilateral hydronephrosis
49. Unilateral hydronephrosis
50. Uranchal cyst
51. Ureteric injury
52. Ureterocele
53. Ureterocele
54. Urinary diversion

R
F

83

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


55. Wilms tumour

53. URINARY BLADDER


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe clinical features and management of traumatic neurogenic
bladder.
2. Describe the diagnosis complications of diverticulum of bladder.
3. Describe the innervation of urinary bladder. What is neurological
bladder, discuss its management.
4. Describe the pathology of carcinoma urinary bladder and the
management of carcinoma bladder in brief.
5. Development of genitourinary tract and management of ectopia
vesicae.
6. Diagnosis and complications of diverticulum of bladder.
7. Discuss bladder tumors.
8. Discuss pathology of bladder neoplasms how do you manage
bladder tumors.
9. Discuss surgical aspects of urinary incontinence.
10. Discuss the aetiology, clinical features, investigations and the
management of carcinoma urinary bladder.
11. Etiology, pathology, clinical features and management of bladder
carcinoma.
12. Pathology, investigation and treatment of bladder neck obstruction.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Autonomous Bladder
2. Bladder calculi
3. Bladder diverticulae
4. Bladder stone
5. Bladder tumours
6. Causes of bladder outlet obstruction
7. Continent urinary diversion
8. Ectopia vesicae
9. Extravasation of urine
84

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Hypotonic urinary bladder


Management of papilloma of the bladder
Neurogenic bladder
Neurogenic incontinence
Prune belly syndrome
Rupture of bladder
Schistosomiasis of bladder
Thimble bladder
Urinary bladder injuries
Urodynamic studies
VU reflux

54. URETHRA AND PENIS

LONG QUESTIONS
1. Causes of hematuria. How do you manage a case of urethral injury?
2. Classify and discuss the management of urethral injuries.
3. Describe the etiology, clinical features and management of ruptured
urethra.
4. Discuss the premalignant conditions, clinical features and
management of carcinoma penis.
5. Discuss urethral injuries.
6. Etiology, pathogenesis and management of carcinoma penis.
7. Mention the pre-malignant conditions of the penis. Write the clinical
features and management of carcinoma of penis. Add a note on
inguinal block dissection.
8. Types of urethral rupture. Discuss management of case of traumatic
rupture of urethra.

R
F

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute retention of urine
2. Bowens disease
3. Buschke-Lowenstein tumour
4. Chyluria
5. Circumcision
85

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


6. Epispadias
7. Fracture penis
8. Hypospadias
9. Ilioinguinal block dissection
10. Impotency in male
11. Management of carcinoma penis
12. Management of penis cancer
13. Meatal stenosis
14. Paraphimosis
15. Penile injuries
16. Penile ulcer
17. Peyronies disease
18. Posterior urethral valve
19. Posterior urethral valves
20. Premalignant conditions of penis
21. Premalignant conditions of the carcinoma of the penis
22. Priapism
23. Peyronies disease
24. Rupture of membranous urethra
25. Rupture of membranous urethra
26. Rupture of urethra
27. Rupture Posterior Urethra
28. Rupture Urethra
29. Stricture urethra
30. Urethral valves

R
F

55. PROSTATE AND SEMINAL VESICLES


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Describe the clinical features and management of benign
enlargement of prostate.
2. Describe the surgical anatomy of prostate. Discuss the management
of carcinoma of prostate.
3. Discuss benign prostatic hypertrophy and management.
4. Discuss BPH and its management
86

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


5. Discuss surgical anatomy of the prostate gland. Discuss the clinical
features and management of carcinoma prostate.
6. Discuss the aetiopathogenesis and management of carcinoma
prostate.
7. Discuss the etiology, pathology, investigation and treatment of
carcinoma prostate.
8. Discuss the merits and demerits of various methods employed in
management of prostatic carcinoma.
9. Indication and management of vasectomy.
10. List the causes of retention of urine. How will you evaluate a patient
with retention of urine? What are the indications for operative
treatment in benign prostatic hypertrophy? Add a brief note on one
method of prostatectomy in benign prostatic hypertrophy.
11. Non-surgical management of BPH.

SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute prostatitis
2. BPH
3. Carcinoma of the prostate
4. Male infertility
5. Management of benign prostatic enlargement
6. Prostatectomy procedure
7. Prostatic calculi
8. PSA
9. Recanalisation of Vas Deferens
10. Surgical approaches to prostate
11. Surgical management of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
12. TURP

R
F

56. TESTIS AND SCROTUM


LONG QUESTIONS
1. Classify testicular tumors. Discuss the clinical features and
management of seminoma testis.
87

Compiled by Dr.Deevish N D (B.M.C.R.I)


2. Classify testicular tumors. Discuss the pathology, mode of spread
investigations and treatment of teratoma testis.
3. Classify testicular tumours. Discuss clinical features, investigations,
staging and management of testicular tumours.
4. Classify tumors of testis. Discuss the pathology, clinical features and
management of seminoma of testis.
5. Classify tumors of the testis. Describe the clinical features and
management of a malignant testicular tumor in an unmarried, 25yr
old male patient.
6. Describe aetiology, pathology, clinical features and management of
malignant tumors of testis.
7. Describe etiology pathology and clinical features and management
of malignant tumors of testis.
8. Describe the development of testis. Discuss the management of
incompletely descended testis.
9. Describe the development of testis and descent of testis. Discuss
the management of cryptorchidism.
10. Describe the surgical anatomy of testis and spermatic cord and
discuss the pathology of testicular tumors.
11. Development of testis management of undescended testis.
12. Discuss the development of testis and the management of
undescended testis.
13. Discuss the indications technique and post-operative management
of vasectomy.
14. Discuss the pathogenesis clinical features and treatment of torsion
of testis.
15. Discuss the pathology clinical features and management of
neoplasms of testis.
16. Discuss the pathology of testicular tumors.
17. Embryology of testicular descent sequela of imperfect descent of
testis.
18. Mention the development of testis and write the clinical features of
the undescended testis and complications of undescended testis.
19. Pathogenesis of testicular tumors and management.

R
F

88

M.S. General Surgery Question Bank


SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Acute scrotal swelling
2. Chemotherapy of testicular tumors
3. Complications and management of undescended testis
4. Complications of vasectomy
5. Cryptorchidism
6. Diagnosis of testicular tumours
7. Ectopic testis
8. Elephantiasis of scrotum
9. Encysted Hydrocoele
10. Fourniers gangrene
11. Hydrocele
12. Imperfect descent of Testis
13. LGV
14. Male infertility
15. Management of seminoma testis
16. Non seminoma testicular tumor
17. Paratesticular tumours
18. Pathophysiology and management of varicocele
19. Scrotal sinus
20. Secondary hydrocoele
21. Seminoma
22. Spermatocele
23. Staging of seminoma testis
24. Staging of testicular tumours
25. TB epididymitis
26. Torsion testis
27. Treatment of NSGCT
28. Undescended testis
29. Varicocele

R
F

***********

89

Often the difference between a successful man and a failure


is not one's better abilities or ideas, but the courage that one
has to bet on his ideas, to take a calculated risk, and to act
The person who really wants to do something finds a way;
the others find an excuse