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CBSE TEST PAPER-01

Class X Science (Life Processes)

1.

2.

Amoeba shows following kind of nutrition

a) autotrophic

b) holozoic

c) saprotrophic

d) parasitic

The process by which blood is cleared of metabolic wastes in case of kidney

failure is called

3.

a) artificial kidney

b) dialysis

c) transplantation

d) filtration

Woody plants carry gaseous exchange through

a) root hair

b) stem hair

c) Lenticels

d) epidermal cells.

4.

Where does digestion of starch begin in human body?

5.

Give one example each of saprophytic and parasitic nutrition.

6.

What is common for cuscuta, ticks and leeches?

7.

What advantage over an aquatic organism does a terrestrial organism have with

regard to obtaining oxygen for respiration?


8.

Differentiate between single and double circulation found in vertebrates.

9.

Name the substrates for the following enzymes

a) trypsin

b) amylase

c) pepsin

d) lipase

10. What are the functions of lymph in our body?


11. How is haemoglobin associated with respiration explained?
12. What are the modes of excretion in plants?
13. Give an experiment to prove the essentiality of light for photosynthesis
14. What is clotting of blood? Write a flow chart showing major events taking place

in clotting of blood?

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


Class X Science (Life Processes)

[ANSWERS]

1.

Holozoic

2.

Dialysis

3.

Lenticels

4.

Mouth

5.

Parasitic Nutrition Plasmodium (Protozoa)


Saprophytic Nutrition fungi

6.

7.

8.

Cuscuta , ticks and leeches, all has parasitic mode of nutrition, they harm their host
while taking nutrition.
Adaptation of terrestrial organism over aquatic organism for efficient uptake of
oxygen from air
(i) Increased respiratory surface area.
(ii) Very fine and delicate surface for easy exchange of oxygen and carbon
dioxide.
(iii) Placement of respiratory surface within the body for protection
(iv) Mechanism for moving the air in and out of respiratory surface where the
oxygen is absorbed.
Single Circulation
1. In this, blood passes only once
through the heart in one complete cycle
2. Heart has only deoxygenated blood
3. It is less efficient

Double Circulation
Blood passes, twice through the
heart in one complete
Heart has both oxygenated and
deoxygenated blood
It is more efficient

9.

a)
b)
c)
d)

Protein
Starch
Protein
Lipids

10.

Functions of lymph area) It returns tissue fluid from interstitial space into the blood.
b) It collects carbon dioxide, waste products and metabolites from tissues via
tissue fluid.
c) Lymph has lymphocytes (WBCS), the lymph provides in immunity to the body
and fight against the invading organisms.

11.

Transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs with the help of respiratory
pigment haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a red pigment having very high affinity for
oxygen. Oxygen is transported from the lungs to the body cells in the form of
oxyhemoglobin. Carbon dioxide is transported from the body cells to the lungs in
the form of carbamino haemoglobin

12.

Modes of excretion in plants are


a) The plants get rid of excess water by transpiration.
b) The only major gases excretory product of plants in oxygen. It is released from
plants into the environment by diffusion.
c) Organic wastes of plants are stored within dead permanent tissues such as
wood or within leaves or bark which are periodically removed.
d) The plants also excrete some wastes substances into the soil around them.
e) Many wastes products of plants are stored in cellular vacuoles.

13.

a)
b)

14.

Formation of clot at the site of injury to stop bleeding is known as clotting of blood.
Steps for clotting of blood

Destarched the plant by leaving it in dart for 48 72 hours.


Now place strips of black paper or metal foil over destarched leaves and expose
them to light for several hours.

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class X Science (Life Processes)

1.

Which of the following statements about the autotrophs is incorrect?

a) They store carbohydrates in the form of starch.


b) They constitute the first trophic level in food chains.
c) They convert CO2 and water into carbohydrates in the absence of sunlight
d) They synthesize carbohydrates from CO2 and water in the presence of
sunlight & chlorophyll.
2.

Which of these is not a part of the small intestine?

a) Duodenum
c) Ileum
3.

b) Jejunum
d) Rectum

During contraction of heart, what prevents backflow of blood?

a) Thin walls of atria

b) Thick muscular walls of ventricles

c) Valves in heart

d) All of the above

4.

Name excretory organ in amoeba and earthworm

5.

Name the plant tissue through which water and minerals are transported in

plants
6.

What are the two stages in photosynthesis?

7.

What is the difference between arteries & veins?

8.

What is villi? What are its functions?

9.

What type of respiration takes place in human muscles during vigorous exercise

and why?
10. What is translocation? Why it is essential for plants.
11. How respiration does takes place in plants?
12. How is transpiration pull responsible for upward movement of water?
13. Discuss the major steps involved in process of nutrition in human beings.
14. With the help of a labelled diagram of human excretory system, Mention its

important part and explain them.

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


Class X Science (Life Processes)

[ANSWERS]
1.

They convert CO2 and water into carbohydrates in the absence of sunlight

2.

Rectum

3.

Valves in heart.

4.

Amoeba Cell membrane


Earthworm Outer covering (skin)

5.

Xylem

6.

Two stages in photosynthesis


a) Light reaction Light energy breaks up water molecular into hydrogen and
oxygen, called photolysis of water
b) Dark reaction Fixation and conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into a simple
carbohydrates, glucose.

7.

Arteries
Veins
1. It carries blood away from the It carries blood towards the heart.
heart.
2. They are thin walled.
They are thick walked
3. They have narrow lumen
They have wide lumen
4. Pressure is high
Pressures is low
5. It carries oxygenated blood.
It caries deoxygenated blood

8.

Finger like projection present in the inner lining of small intestine are called villi.
They increase the surface area for the absorption of digested food in the small
intestine.

9.

During vigorous exercise, anaerobic respiration takes place in human muscles.


During exercise our energy requirement increase, so our striated muscles start
respiring anaerobically in the lack of oxygen and producers ATP molecules.
10.

11.

Transportation of organic solutes in the plants is called translocation. It is necessary,


because all the cells need food to carry out their vital functions. It occurs in upward
as well as downward direction or to the storage organs of roots, fruits, seeds and to
growing organs.
There are three modes for the exchange of gases in plants

a) Some small plants can carry out gaseous exchange by simple diffusion over their
whole surfaces.
b) Large flowering plants exchange gases through stomata on their leaves and
green stem.
c) In woody stems, exchange occurs through cracks in the bark or lenticels.
12.

The leaves loose water in the form of water vapours through stomata by a process
known as transpiration. Continuous transpiration creates a s suction in the water
column of the xylem elements and it reaches upto the roots. This pull is called
transpiration pull. Due to transpiration, the water column of the plant is pulled up
from below to the top of the plant.

13.

Major steps involved in human nutrition are


a) Ingestion Intake of food through mouth. Humans have holozoic mode of
nutrition. They engulf solid particles.
b) Digestion The break down complex food material into simpler one in
alimentary canal with the help of mechanical as well as chemical process.
c) Absorption Digested food is absorbed by the small finger like projections, villi
present in the small intestine.
d) Assimilation Absorbed food reaches to all cells via blood, and utilized for
energy, growth and development.
e) Excretion Undigested food from small intestine passed into large intestine, and
then it is thrown out by Anus.

14.

1)

2)
3)
4)

Kidney It is the functional unit of excretory system. Each kidney is made up of


about million microscopic coiled channels called nephrons. Nephrons are the
basic filtration unit in the kidneys. It consists of Glomeruluss, Bowmans
capsule, convoluted tubule.
Ureter Wastes comes out of the kidney into the ureter.
Urinary bladder Ureter pours its contents into a muscular sac called the
urinary bladder.
Urethra Urine flows from bladder to the outside through the urethra.

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


Class X Science (Life Processes)
1.

2.

3.

Trachea do not collapse when there is not much air because they are

a) thick and muscular

b) having cartilaginous rings

c) Have valves

d) supported by larynx.

Which one of the following blood vessels contains only deoxygenated blood?

a) pulmonary vein

b) pulmonary artery

c) capillaries

d) Aorta

The autotrophic mode of nutrition requires

a) Chlorophyll

b) Sunlight

c) Carbon dioxide & water

d) all of the above

4.

Name the red pigment carrying oxygen in blood.

5.

Name the hormone which is responsible for reabsorption of water in nephrons.

6.

How is opening and closing of stomata regulated?

7.

State two vital functions of kidney.

8.

Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

9.

Meat is easier to digest as compared to grass. Why?

10. Discuss the mode of nutrition in amoeba.


11. With the help of labelled diagram, discuss the structure of cross section of leaf.
12. What do you mean by lymph. Mention its function.
13. How are lungs designed in human beings to maximize the area of exchange of

gases
14. (i) Draw a well labeled diagram of human digestive system

(ii) Describe the role of following in digestion.


a) Bile
b) Salivary amylase
c) HCl

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


Class X Science (Life Processes)

[ANSWERS]
1.

Having cartilaginous rings

2.

Pulmonary artery

3.

All of the above

4.

Haemoglobin

5.

Anti diuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin

6.

The closing and openings of the stomata is regulated by guard cells. When the guard
cells swell or turgid due to entry of water, the stomata are opened. The guard cells
shrink due to loss of water, the stomata get closed.

7.

Function of kidney are


1) It maintains water balance in the body tissues.
2) It controls calcium levels in the blood to maintain healthy bones.
Aerobic Respiration
a) It occurs in the presence of oxygen
b) It occurs in cytoplasm and in the
mitochondria
b) Complete breakdown of glucose
d) End products are CO2 and H2O

8.

9.

10.

Anaerobic Respiration
a) It occurs in the absence of oxygen
b) It occurs in cytoplasm
c) Incomplete breakdown of glucose
d) End products are CO2 and ethyl alcohol
or lactic acid

It is easier to digest meat because our digestive juices contain enzymes which can
easily digest meat but our body does not digest cellulose which is a main component
of grass.
Steps of Nutrition in amoeba
a)
Formation of pseudopodia When Amoeba comes in contact with a food
particle, it forms pseudopodia which envelops food particles.
b)
Ingestion The tips of pseudopodia fuse with each other, together with
variable amount of food particles and water, forms food vacuole, this
process is known as ingestion.

c)
d)

Digestion The vacuoles are surrounded by lysosomes which fuses with


vacuole and digest the food particles present in vacuole.
Exocytosis The soluble products of digestion are passed out into due
cytoplasm from the food vacuole. And the remaining undigested
materials are passed out of the body with the help of a process called
exocytosis.

11.

Leaf has two parts :(i) Epidermis Outermost layer of cell is called epidermis. Lower epidermis has
small pores in between cells called stomata.
(ii) Mesophyll Parenchymatons cells containing chloroplast is called mesophyll. It
is two types palisade and spongy parenchyma.

12.

Lymph- The fluid present in the spaces between the cells in the tissues is called
tissue fluid or lymph.
Functions of lymph :(i) It returns tissue fluid from the interstitial spaces into the blood.
(ii) Lymph capillaries of intestinal villi called lacteals helps in absorption of fats.
(iii) It collects carbondioxide, waste products and metabolites form tissues via
tissue fluid.

13.

Lungs have some adaptations in them so that efficient exchanges of gases take place.
The adaptations are
a) Increased surface area
b) Very fine and delicate surface for easy exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
c) Mechanism for moving the air in and out of respiratory surface where the
oxygen is absorbed.

14.

a)
b)
c)

Bile emulsification of fats


Salivary amylase digest starch in mouth
HCl Activate pepsinogen by making
medium acidic in stomata.

Human Digestive System

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


Class X Science (Life Processes)

1.

When air is blown from mouth into a test tube containing lime water, the lime

water turned milky due to presence of

2.

a) oxygen

b) nitrogen

c) water vapours

d) carbon dioxide

In which of the following group/ groups of animals, heart does not pump

oxygenated blood to different parts of the body?


a) Pisces only

b) Amphibians only

c) Amphibians and reptiles only


3.

d) Pisces and amphibians.

The filtration units of kidneys are called

a) Ureter

b) Urethra

c) Neurons

d) nephrons.

4.

What is the mode of nutrition in fungi and plasmodium?

5.

Which of them contain less nitrogenous waste renal vein or the renal artery?

6.

Differentiate between transport of materials in xylem & phloem

7.

What is the role of glomerulus in kidney?

8.

Why is it essential to match the blood groups of donors and receiver person

before arranging transfusion of blood?


9.

Why is it necessary to separate oxygenated & deoxygenated blood in mammals &

birds?
10. Dark reaction of photosynthesis does not need light. Do plants undergo dark

reaction at night explain.


11. Differentiate inhalation and exhalation.
12. With the help of diagram, show pulmonary circulation in man.
13. What are the functions of human respiratory system ?
14. With the help of labeled diagram, Discuss the mechanism of respiration in

human beings.

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


Class X Science (Life Processes)

[ANSWERS]
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Carbon dioxide
Pisces only
Nephrons
Fungi Saprophytic
Plasmodium parasitic
Renal vein

6.
Xylem
Phloem
a) It transport water and minerals
a) It transport food materials
b) Transport of substances in upwards b) Transport of substances in both
direction only.
directions upward & downward
7.

Glomerulus is a group of capillaries present in the cup like Bowmans Capsule. It


receives blood from renal artery which brings excretory wastes from body to the
kidney. It filters water, salts, glucose, urea, the nitrogen containing end products of
proteins and yellow bile compounds from the liver.

8.

RBCs of blood carries antigen as well as antibody. If blood is not matched before
transfusion then blood of receiver start producing antibodies against donor blood and
destroys blood cells, this causes deficiency of blood and causes death.

9.

Separation of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood allows good supply of oxygen to


the body. This system is useful in animals that have high energy requirement
Mammals and birds constantly need oxygen to get energy to maintain constant body
temperature

10.

Dark reaction does not mean that it occurs in the absence of light i.e., at night. Infact
these reactions do not depend on light energy and occur simultaneously with light
reaction.

11.
Inhalation
Exhalation
It is taking in of air from the It is expelling out of air from the lungs.
atmosphere
Diaphragm contract & flattens.
Diaphragm relaxes and becomes dome
shaped.
Ribs movement is forward & outward.
Ribs movement is downward & inward
Volume of thoracic cavity increases
Volume of thoracic cavity decreases
Pressure of thoracic cavity decreases
Pressure of thoracic cavity increases

12.

Diagram Pulmonary circulation in man.

13.

(i)

Gaseous exchange for the cellular respiratory process.

(ii)
(iii)

Sound production by vocal cords


Abdominal compression which helps in urination, passing of faeces and
childbirth.
Laughing and sneezing for self-cleaning the respiratory surface.

(iv)

14.

Mechanism of Respiration It occurs in following steps


a) Breathing Taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide out is called
breathing. It involves following steps
(i)
Inhalation It is taking in oxygen. It occurs due to contraction of muscles
attached to ribs. This lifts ribs and flatter diaphragm, which increase the
volume of thoracic cavity. Hence the pressure inside the thoracic cavity
decreases and air rushes inside of the lungs.
(ii) Exhalation It is expelling of carbon dioxide. It occurs due to relaxation of
muscles attached to ribs and diaphragm is done shaped. This decreases the
volume of thoracic cavity and decreases air pressure and expels CO2 out of
the lung.
b) Exchange of gases It takes place between the alveoli of lungs and surrounding
blood capillaries .
c) Transport of gases in blood Hemoglobin present in the blood transport. O2 and
CO2 in blood. Oxygen is transport from the lungs to the body cells in the form of
any hemoglobin.
d) Oxidation of food Break down of glucose molecules which produce energy. It
occurs is into chondria.

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class X Science (Life Processes)

1.

2.

Amoeba captures food with the help of

a) teeth

b) cilia

c) pseudopodia

d) tentacles

Which of the following is most appropriate for aerobic respiration?


mitochondira
cytoplasm
a)Glucose

pyruvate
CO2 + H 2O + Energy.
cytoplasm
mitochondira
b)Glucose
pyruvate
CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy.
cytoplsam
mitochondria
c)Glucose
pyruvate + Energy
CO 2 + H 2 O
mitochondria
cytoplsam
d)Glucose
pyruvate + Energy
CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy

3.

Name the part of alimentary canal receiving bile from the liver.

a) Oesophagus

b) Stomach

c) Small intestine

d) Large intestine

4.

What is glycolysis?

5.

Name the largest artery of body.

6.

Why the walls of trachea are supported by cartilaginous rings?

7.

What are the raw materials for photosynthesis?

8.

What is the role of diaphragm during inhalation and exhalation?

9.

What is the advantage of four chambered of heart?

10. What is role of skin, lungs and intestine in the process of excretion in man?
11. Explain the structure of chloroplast.
12. Why and how does water enter continuously into the root xylem of plants?
13. What is the role of following in human digestive system

a) mucous
b) Bicarbonate
c) Trypsin
14. Describe an experiment to prove that carbon dioxide is essential for the process

of photosynthesis.

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


Class X Science (Life Processes)

[ANSWERS]
1.
2.

Pseudopodia
cytoplasm
mitochondira
pyruvate
Glucose
CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy.

3.
4.
5.

Small Intestine.
Breakdown of Glucose into pyruvate is known as glycolysis.
Aorta

6.

The trachea is supported by cartilaginous rings which prevent the collapsing even when
there is not much air in it.

7.

Raw materials for photosynthesis are


a) Carbon dioxide
b) Water
c) Chlorophyll and Sunlight

8.

Diaphragm changes its shape during inhalation and exhalation and increases and
decreases volume of thoracic cavity respectively. This causes entry and expel of air from
lungs.

9.

The right and left parts are separated by a septum to prevent oxygenated and
deoxygenated blood from mixing. This fulfills the constant use of energy to maintain
their body temperature. Their energy needs are high, which are fulfilled efficiently
because of non mixing of oxygenated & deoxygenated blood.

10. Skin Skin excrete excess salts and water in the form of sweat.
Lungs Lungs expel carbon dioxide during exhalation.
Intestine Intestine throw out undigested food in the form of faeces through anus
11. Fig structure of chloroplast.

12. Xylem transports water and minerals to the plant body. The roots of a plant have hair
called root hairs. The root hairs are directly in contact with the film of water in between
the soil particles. Water and minerals get into the root hair by the process of diffusion.
The water and minerals absorbed by the root hair form the soil pass from cell to cell by
osmosis through the epidermis root cortex, endodermis and reaches the root xylem. The
xylem vessels of the root the plant are connected to the xylem vessels into stem.
Therefore the water containing dissolved minerals enter the root xylem vessels into
stem xylem vessels. The xylem vessels of the stem branch into the leaves of the plants.
So the water & minerals carried by the xylem vessels in the stem reach the leaves
through the branched xylem vessels which enter from the petiole into the each part of
the leaf. Thus the water and minerals form the soil reach through the root and stem to
the leaves of the plants.
Evaporation of water molecules from the cells of a leaf creates a suction which pulls
water form the xylem cells of roots. The loss of water in the form of vapour from the
aerial parts of the plants is known as transpiration.
13. a) Mucus It protects the inner living of stomach from HCl.
b) Bricarbonate It makes the acidic food alkaline so that pancreatic enzymes act on it.
c) Trypsin It digest proteins into amino acids.
14. Experiment showing Co2 is essential for photosynthesis.
1) Take a potted plant with elongated leaves
2) Take an empty bottle and put a little amount of potassium hydroxide (KOH) in it.
3) Now cut the cork of the bottle into two parts and place it on one of the leaves of the
potted plant in between the two parts of the cork.
4) Now put the bottle in the presence of sunlight 72 96 hours.
5) Now test the leaf for the presence of starch.

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)

1.

2.

3.

Junctions of two neurons in called.

a) Synapse

b) Synapsis

c) Joint

d) Junction

Which of the follwoing is a plant hormone?

a) Insulin

b) Thyroxin

c) Oestrogen

d) Cytokinin

When a person is suffering from severe cold, he or she cannot

a) Differentiate the taste of an apple form that of an ice cream.


b) Differentiate red light from green light.
c) Differentiate a hot object form a cold object.
d) Differentiate the smell of a perfume from that of an agarbatti
4.

What do you mean by geotropism?

5.

Name the two sets of nerves that constitute the peripheral nervous system.

6.

How involuntary actions and reflex actions are different form each other?

7.

Why is the use of iodised salt advisable?

8.

Name the centre of the brain that controls

(i) Swallowing
(ii) hearing
9.

Represent schematically the path of a reflex action.

10. Mention three important functions of gibberellins.


11. What is the function of receptors in our body? What happens when receptors

do not work properly?


12. What happens at the synapse between two neurons?
13. What is the need for a system of control and co ordination in an organism?
14. Compare nervous and hormonal mechanism for control

CBSE TEST PAPER-01


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
[ANSWERS]
1.

Synapse

2.

Cytokinin

3.

Differentiate the smell of perfume form that of an agarbatti.

4.

Downward movement of roots in response to Gravitational force is called geotropism.

5.

Sympathetic nervous system and Parasympathetic nervous system.

6.

Involuntary action
The action which we cannot do by
thinking about them is called
involuntary action.
Involuntary actions are controlled by
brain

Reflex action
An action or response which in immediate
and that does not need processing by the
brain is called reflex action.
Reflex actions are controlled by spinal cord.

7.

Iodine is required by the thyroid gland to make thyroxine hormone. Iodised salt
provides iodine needed by thyroid gland to make sufficient thyroxin for our body. The
use of iodised salt prevents risk of goiter.

8.

(i) Medulla oblongata in hind brain .


(ii) Swallowing cerebrum in fore brain Hearing

9.

10.

Functions of Gibberllins
(i) Stimulate stem elongation.
(ii) Help in breaking seed dormancy.
(iii) Promote flowering in some plants even under unfavorable conditions
(iv) Help in seed germination.
(v) Promote production of male flowers.

11.

The function of receptors is to defect information form the environment. If receptors


do not work properly, the information obtained form the environment will be
delayed to reach the spinal cord or brain. In this situation, the response to the
environmental stimulus will be delayed causing harm to the body.

12.

The nerve impulse gets transmitted through the synapse by means of chemical
signals. When a stimulus acts on the receptor, chemical reaction is set off which
produces an impulse in it. This impulse travels form the dendrite of presynaptic
neuron to its cell body and then along its axon. At the end of axon of this neuron, the
electrical impulse releases tiny amount of a chemical substance crosses the synapse
and starts a similar electrical impulse in the dendrite of the next neuron.

13.

a)
b)

It evokes an appropriate movement in response to any change in external


environment
Multicellular organisms have complex body. So it, co ordinates various organs
of body of an organism work together in a proper manner to produce proper
reaction to stimulus

14.
Nervous System
Made of neurons
Messages transmitted in the form of
electrical impulses
Messages transmitted along nerve
fibres.
Messages travel very quickly.
Effect of message usually lasts for a
very short while
Sense organs are receptors as nerve
cells located in them receive
information.

Hormonal System
Made of secretory cells.
Message transmitted in the form of
chemicals called hormones.
Messages transmitted through blood
stream.
Messages travel very slowly.
Effect of message usually lasts longer
Glands are effectors which secrete
hormones when as and when the brain
commands.

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
1.

2.

The brain is lodged inside the cavity of skull known as :

a) Piamater

b) Duramater

c) Cranium

d) Meninges

Electrical impulse travels in a neuron from


a) Dendrite axon axonal end cell body.
b) Cell body dendrite axon axonal end.
c) Dendrite cell body axon axoanl end.
d) Axonal end axon cell body dendrite.

3.

Which hormone brings about development of mammary gland?

a) Estrogen

b) Progesterone

c) Relaxin

d) Oxytocin

4.

Name the hormone which promotes plant growth.

5.

Which part of the brain maintains posture and equilibrium of the body?

6.

Why are some patients of diabetes treated by giving injections of insulin?

7.

Which signal will get disrupted in case of a spinal cord injury?

8.

How does a touch me not plant respond on touching? What is this movement

called?
9.

What are phytohormones? Name them.

10. Pituitary is a master endocrine gland. Justify this statement.


11. Draw the structure of neuron and explain its function.
12. How does our body respond when adrenaline is secreted into the blood?
13. Where are Pons and medulla oblongata located? Write their functions.
14. Mention one function for each of these hormones.

a) Thyroxine
b) Insulin
c) Adrenaline
d) Growth hormone
e) Testosterone.

CBSE TEST PAPER-02


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
[ANSWERS]
1.

Cranium

2.

Dendrite cell body axon axonal end

3.

Estrogen

4.

Auxin

5.

Cerebellum

6.

Insulin hormone which is secreted by pancreas regulates the levels of sugar in the blood. In
diabetic patients it is not secreted in required amount therefore blood sugar level rises and
causes various harmful effects. So, to prevent these effects some patients of diabetes are
treated by giving injections of insulin.

7.

(i) It disturbed all the involuntary actions.


(ii) Reflex actions will be disrupted because reflexes are located in the spinal cord. Therefore,
the quick response required to safe guard the body will not take place.

8.

Touch me not plant folds its leaflets on touching. This type of movement is called Growth
independent movement.

9.

Phytohormones are special chemical compounds released by different parts of plant. They
help to co ordinate growth, development and responses to the environment. They are
synthesized at site away from where they act and simple diffuse to the area of action. These
are
a) Auxin b) Gibberlins c) Cytokinin d) Abscisic acid e) Ethylene.

10. Pituitary gland is also known as master gland because it controls the activities of most of the
gland. It regulates the secretion of other glands. Likea) Growth hormones Body growth and development of bones
b) Thyroid stimulating hormone Secretion of hormones form thyroid gland.
c) Adrenocorticotropic hormone Secretion of hormones form adrenal glands.
d) Follicle stimulating hormone Stimulating of growth of ovaries and testes
e) Luteinsing hormone Secretion of hormone from ovaries & testes
f) Prolactin Regulation of function of mammary gland. Hence, most of functions are
controlled by pituitary gland so it is called master gland.

11. Neuron has three components


(i) Cell body
(ii) Dendrites
(iii) Axon
The dendrite picks up the nerve impulse
from receptors and then pass the impulses to
the cell body and then along the axon. The
axon passes the impulse to another neuron
through a junction called synapse.
12. When adrenaline is secreted into the blood, it prepares our body for action. It speeds up heart
beat and breathing, raises blood pressure and allows more glucose to go into the blood to give
us a lot of energy quickly to fight or urn away from frightening situation. The blood supply
decreases form the skin and digestive system and increase to skeletal muscles. All there
conditions help the individual to respond the emergency situation.
13. Pons and medulla Oblongata are located in hind brain.
Pons acts as bridge between brain and spinal cord.
Medulla oblongata
a) It is the reflex centre to control activities like salivation, swallowing, vomiting, breathing,
coughing, sneezing and heart beat
b) It also controls sleeps, consciousness and activities of cerebrum
14. (i) Thyroxin Control overall metabolic rate of the body (carbohydrate, protein and fat
metabolism)
(ii) Insulin Conversion of glucose to glycogen in liver and muscles, thus decreases blood
glucose level.
(iii) Adrenalin increases heart beat, blood pressure and blood glucose level.
(iv) Growth hormone Body growth and development of bones.
(v) Testosterone Development of male sex organ sand secondary sex characteristics like
moustache, beard & voice.

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
1.

2.

Which one of the endocrine glands is known as master gland?

a) Pituitary

b) Adrenal

c) Thyroid

d) Parathyroid

The growth of tendrils in pea plants is due to

a) effect of light
b) effect of gravity
c) rapid cell division in tendrillar cells in contact with the support
d) rapid cell divisions in tendrillar cells that are away from the support
3.

Dwarfism results by

a) Excess secretion of thyroxin


b) Less secretion of growth hormone
c) less secretion of adrenaline
d) Excess secretion of growth hormone.
4.

Write the function of hormone thyroxine produced in our body.

5.

Name the hormones secreted by pancreas.

6.

What is the role of the brain in reflex action?

7.

How is control and co ordination between environment and plants brought

about?
8.

Give two examples of function in plants that are regulated by light

9.

What is co ordination? Give an example.

10. List the function of testosterone and estrogen. Where are they secreted?
11. Define nerve impulse. Which structure in a neuron helps to conduct a nerve

impulse?
a) Towards the cell body?

b) Away from the cell body?

12. Differentiate between axon and dendrons?


13. Mention the structure of human brain.
14. a) what are hormones ?

b) list four characteristics of hormones

CBSE TEST PAPER-03


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
[ANSWERS]
1.

Pituitary gland.

2.

Rapid cell divisions in tendrillar sells that are away from support.

3.

Less secretion of growth hormone.

4.

It controls overall metabolic rate of the body.

5.

Insulin and Glucagon.

6.

A reflex action is one which we perform automatically. The sensory and motor nerves
meet at a point in the spinal cord on their way to the brain. Thus the information
through sensory nerves goes to the brain, where thinking process occurs. But if the
reflex action is instant where thinking in not involved then the brain has no role.

7.

Plants do not have a nervous system for control & co ordination like animals but do
give response to external stimuli like touch, light and chemicals etc. plants responses
are mainly of two types Growth dependent and growth in dependent response.
Growth in dependent Responses are because of change in the amount of water. Growth
dependent responses are due to cell divisions.

8.

1) Breaking of dormancy (seed germination)


2) Flowering

9.

The working together of the various systems in a body to adjust the vital activities of life
is called co ordination. Forex the nervous system receives information form the
surroundings, then processes and interprets it and finally responds accordingly. The
endocrine system helps in control and co ordination.

10. Testosterone is secreted in males It is responsible for development of male sex organs
and secondary sex characteristics like moustache, beard & voice.
Estrogen is secreted in females it is responsible for development of female sex organs
and secondary sex characteristics like mammary gland and uterine growth.
11. Nerve Impulse It is the passing of information through neurons is in the form of
electrical and chemical signals. This is called nerve impulse.
a) Dendrite
b) Axon

12.

Axon
They are long in size and one in
number
Generally unbranched
Terminal branches have swollen knobs
Direction of nerve impulse is away
from cyton

Dendron
They are small in size and numerous.
Branched
Terminal swollen knobs are absent.
Direction of impulse is towards cyton.

14. Hormones are chemical substances which are secreted in very less amount by
specialized tissues called endocrine glands.
Characteristics of hormones are
1) They are required in very less amount.
2) Hormones are specific in their function.
3) They act away from the site of production.
4) Deficiency or over secretions of hormones have negative effects in the body.

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
1.

2.

The neurons that carry nerve impulse from spinal cord to effectors are called

a) Sensory neurons

b) motor neurons

c) Inteneurons

d) spinal neurons

Select the mismatched pair

a) Adrenaline Pituitary gland


c) Estrogen Ovary
3.

b) Testosterone Testes
d) Thyroxin Thyroid gland.

Which one of the following is a nastic movement in plants?

a) Bending of plants towards light


b) Growing of roots towards gravity.
c) Droping of touch me not leaflets on touch
d) Movement of pollen tubes towards chemicals.
4.

What is the function of occipital lobe?

5.

Which part of brain links the endocrine system with nervous system?

6.

How endocrine glands do helps in maintaining feedback control?

7.

Which types of glands in human body secrete hormones? State any one location
for them.

8.

What is the result of hypothyroidism in children called?

9.

How following is affected in plants by various hormones?

10. What are tropic movements? Name the types of tropic movements in plants.
11. Name the different lobes of cerebrum.
12. How do auxins promote the growth of tendril around a support?
13. Write different between exocrine and endocrine glands.
14. Design an experiment to demonstrate hydrotropism.

CBSE TEST PAPER-04


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
[ANSWERS]
1.

Motor neurons.

2.

Adrenaline Pituitary gland.

3.

Drooping of touch me no leaflets on touch.

4.

Occipetal lobe visual perception.

5.

Hypothalamus

6.

The timing and amount of hormones released are regulated by feedback mechanism.
For example, glucose level in the blood is maintained constant (0.1%). The blood
glucose levels may be maintained constantly by either of the following feedback
mechanism.
a) High glucose level in the blood induces the pancreatic cells to produce insulin which
converts glucose to glycogen.
b) Less glucose level in the blood do not induce the pancreateic cells to produce insulin
so that less conversion of glucose to glycogen may occur.

7.

There are three types of glands which secrete hormone in human bodya) Exocrine gland these are duct glands which do not secrete their secretion into the
blood. For ex salivary gland. it secretes salivary amylase which digest starch.
b) Endocrine gland These are ductless gland, and they pour their secretion in blood.
For ex Pituitary gland. It is master gland, controls most of the activities.
c) Heterocrine gland which act as both endocrine and exocrine type of glands. For Ex
Pancreas Endocrine part produces hormone insulin and glycogen and exocrine
part produce digestive enzymes.

8.

Hypothyroidism in children called exophthalmic goiter. It causes bulging of eyes,


Increases blood pressure and heart beat.

9.

Hormones like Auxins, cytokinin promotes female flowers. Where as Gibberellins


promote male flowers. Ethylene promote flowering in some plants like pineapple
Phytohormones and duration of light also induce flowering in long day plants and short
day plants.

10. The bending or movement of a part of plant in response to the external stimulus is
called tropism or tropical movement. It is of following types.
a) Phototropism It is response to light. It may be towards light (positive) or away
from the light (negative).
b) Geotropism It is response to gravity It may be towards stimulus (positive) and
away from the stimulus (negative)
c) Chemotropism - Response to chemicals. It may be positive or negative.
d) Hydrotropism Response to water. It may be positive or negative.

11. Different lobes of cerebrum


a) Frontal lobe It is associated with reasoning .
b) Parietal Perception of general sensation s like pressure, touch and pain.
c) Occipital Visual perception.
d) Temporal Important for interpreting sounds and the language we hear and
formation of memories.

12. When the tip of a tendril touches a support, then the auxins present in its tip move to
that side of tip which is away form the support, auxins promote growth. So, due to more
auxins in it, the side of tendril, away from the support, grow faster and becomes longer
than the side which is in contact with the support and makes the tendril curve towards
the support.

13.
Exocrine gland

Endocrine gland

Glands with ducts.

Ductless glands

They secrete enzymes

They secrete the hormones

Pour their secretion in ducts of the gland.

Pour their secretion directly into blood

Glands are located nearby the site of Glands are located away form the site of

action

action

14. a) Take two glass troughs A and B and fill each one of them two thirds with soil.
b) In troughs A plant a tiny seedling. In trough B plants a similar seedling and places a
clay pot inside the soil.
c) Water the soil in trough A daily and uniformly. Do not water the soil in trough B but
put some water in clay pot and leave both the trough for a few days.
d) Now, dig up the seedling carefully form both the troughs without damaging their
roots.
Observation Roots of seedling in trough in A is straight. The root of seedling in trough
B is bent to the right side i.e., toward the clay pot containing water.

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
1.

2.

Visceral nervous system controls and integrates the function of

a) Urinary bladder

b) Blood vessels

c) Heart

d) All of the above

Which of the following statements are true about the brain?

(i)

The main thinking part of brain is hind brain.

(ii)

Centers of hearing, smell, memory, sight, etc are located in fore brain.

(iii)

Salivation, vomiting, blood pressure are controlled by the medulla in the


hind brain.

(iv) Cerebellum does not control posture and balance of the body.

3.

a) (i) and (ii)

b) (ii) and (iii)

c) (i), (ii) and (iii)

d) (iii) and (iv)

The substance that result into the fall of mature leave and fruits from plants is due

to :
a) auxin

b) gibberllin

c) ABA

d) cytokinin

4.

Name the structural and functional unit of nervous system.

5.

Name one sex hormone.

6.

Name the fluid filled between the menings of the brain. What are its functions?

7.

Name any two heterocrine glands and mention their function.

8.

What is the response of stem towards light & gravity?

9.

Name two activities which are regulated by plant pigments.

10. What are the different kinds of neurons?


11. How does chemical co ordination takes place in animals. Mention their function.
12. You have touched a hot object. Represent diagrammatically the path that leads to a

response, i.e. quickly pulling back the hand.


13. Nervous and hormonal system together performs the functions of control and co

ordination in human beings. Justify the statement.


14. Describe Nervous system in humans.

CBSE TEST PAPER-05


CLASS X Science (Control and Coordination)
[ANSWERS]
1.

All of the above.

2.

(iii) and (iv)

3.

Gibberllin.

4.

Neuron (nerve cell)

5.

Testosterone.

6.

Cerebrospinal fluid. It protects the brain form mechanical shocks.

7.
Heterocrine gland
Pancreas
Ovaries

Endocrine function
Exocrine function
Produce insulin & glucagon Produce digestive enzymes
Produce
estrogen
and Produce female gametes
progesterone hormone

8.

Stem show positive response towards light and negative response toward gravity.

9.

1) some specialized pigments, phytochromes are responsible of the response to


photoperiodic stimulus.
2) The control and co ordination in plants with its environment is regulated by
phytohormoens & phytochromes together.

10. Kinds of neurons


a) Sensory neurons convey impulses from receptors to the main nervous system.
b) Motor neurons carry impulses from the main nervous system to an effector.
c) Connecting (Relay) neurons connect sensory and motor centres.
11. The chemical co ordination in animals takes place through hormonal system called
endocrine system. Animal hormones are chemical messengers which are directly
poured into the blood by the endocrine glands. Thus, a hormone reaches to the cells.
The cells have special molecules on their surface to detect these chemical compounds
and recognize the information a particular hormone carrying. There the cells act

accordingly. The chemical co ordination is fast as hormones diffuse readily around the
cells.
12.

13. A number of interactions between the environment and the animal are a result of
combined action of both neurons and endocrine system for which specialized tissues
are used to provide control and co ordinations activities.

14.

Flow chart of human nervous system