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Avionics Maintenance Department

Subject: AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS sheet


1- Pitot pressure is defined as:
A. Dynamic pressure.
B. Total pressure.
C. Ambient pressure.

2- Static pressure is defined as:


A. Total pressure.
B. Ambient pressure.
C. Cabin pressure.

3- In a parked airplane
A.The pitot pressure is greater than the static pressure.
B. The static pressure is greater than the pitot pressure.
C.The pitot and static pressures are equal.

4- In a moving airplane
A. The pitot pressure is greater than static pressure.
B. The static pressure is greater than pitot pressure.
C. Neither A & B

5- As the airplane climbs


A.The static pressure increases.
B.The pitot pressure increases.
C.The static pressure decreases.

6- An additional static port is included in a static system


A. Eliminate instrument errors caused by a difference in static pressure that may occur when
the aircraft yaws.
B. Ensure adequate static pressure under severe icing conditions.
C. Take into account the direction of the wind.

7- Ice formation on pitot/static head is prevented by


A.
Its own drain hole.
B. Its own heating element.
C.
Both A & B.

8- An altimeter is operated by:


A.
B.
C.
9-

An aneroid capsule sensitive to pitot pressure.


An aneroid capsule sensitive to static pressure.
A pressure capsule sensitive to rate of change of pressure.

Airspeed is calculated on the basis of


A.
B.
C.

The difference between pitot and static pressures.


The pitot pressure only.
The static pressure only.

10- Vertical speed is calculated on the basis of


A.
B.
C.

The rate of change of pitot pressure.


The difference between pitot and static pressures.
The rate of change of static pressure.

11- Which instruments are connected to the aircraft pitot static system.
1. Vertical speed indicator.
2. Turn coordinator.
3. Cabin altimeter.
4. Altimeter.
5. Turn & slip Indicator.
6. Cabin rate of change indicator.
7. Airspeed indicator.
8. Directional gyro (air operated).
A.
B.
C.

1, 4, 7.
5, 7, 8.
2, 3, 6.

12- Location of magnetic compass in an aircraft is determined.


A.
B.
C.

By local civil aviation authority.


During the design stage.
A or B.

13- The airplane attitude information derived from the gyro is used in
A.
B.
C.

14- An

Autopilot and flight director.=====


Radar antenna stabilization and flight recorder.
A & B.

air driven gyro is connected to

A.
B.
C.

Suction source.
Pitot pressure line.
Static pressure line.

15- A turn & slip indicator employs:


A. A vertical gyro.
B. A directional gyro.
C. A rate gyro-----

16- The indicators which controlled by gyroscopes are


A.
B.
C.

Attitude indicator.
Heading indicator and turn & slip indicator.
Both A & B.----------------------

17- The rate gyros are


A.
B.
C.

Free to move in all three axes.


Free to move in one axis.----------------------Free to move in two axes

18-How is EPR expressed?


A.
B.
C.

Inlet Pressure/ Exhaust Pressure


Exhaust Pressure/ Inlet Pressure
Inlet Temperature/ Exhaust Pressure

19-Where in the oil SYS is oil temperature sensed?


A. As the oil passes into the engine.
B. s the oil passes out of the engine.--------------C . Within the oil tank

20-The status mode of indication is associated with:


A. The minimum dispatch equipment list.
B. Maintenance SYS faults.
C. A standby indicating SYS.

21-Which of the following is a primary engine indication?


A.
B.
C.

N2.
EGT.
Oil pressure.

22-SYS alert messages will be seen on the:


A. Lower CRT display.
B. Status mode display.
C. Upper CRT display.
23-How many of the following are controlled by gyroscopes?
1. Attitude indicator.
2. Heading indicator.
3. Turn needle of the turn and slip indicator.
A.
B.
C.

Three.-----------------Two
one.

24-A barometric altimeter indicates pressure altitude when the barometric scale is set
at
A.
B.
C.

29.92 inches Hg.


14.7 inches Hg.
field elevation.

25-The function of a symbol generator (SG) in an EFIS is to


A.
B.
C.

display alphanumeric data and representations of aircraft instruments.


allow the pilot to select the appropriate system configuration for the current flight situation.
receive and process input signals from aircraft and engine sensors and send the data to the appropriate
display.============

26-The operation of an angle of attack indicating system is based on detection of


differential pressure at a point where the airstream flows in a direction
A. not parallel to the true angle of attack of the aircraft.
B . parallel to the angle of attack of the aircraft.
C. parallel to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.

27-EICAS modes are


A. operational mode-status mode-maintenance mode.
B. plan mode- status mode-maintenance mode.
C. advisory mode-operational mode-maintenance mode.

28-ECAM modes .
A. advisory mode-manual mode flight phase mode-maintenance mode.
b. advisory mode-manual mode flight phase mode-failure mode.
c. manual mode flight phase mode-failure mode.-status mode.

29-which of the following displayed in primary EICAS display.


A. n1, n2 , EGT.
b. n1 ,EGT ,EPR.
c. n2 ,EGT ,EPR.

30. An FMS system, besides controlling navigation, thrust and auto-nav, also provides
A. take-off and landing warnings
B. dedicated status and warnings-----------------------c. GPWS warnings

31. HSI heading is valid if the heading flag is


a) in view
b) green
c) out of view--------------------------

32. The command bars on an ADI relate to


a) path required
b) path being followed ----------------c) roll indications

33. What does the CADC feed


a) Altimeter / FMS / secondary radar
b) standby altimeter / machmeter
c) cabin pressure controller sensor / machmeter / altimeter

34. Typical displays on an EHSI are


a) VOR, Map, Plan and weather radar
b) VOR, Plan, Map and Attitude
c) Engine indications

35- An EADI display showing a moving runway moves down during the final stages of an
approach. The aircraft must
a) fly up
b) fly down
c) hold descent path -----------------------

36-. An ARINC 429 bus uses


a) a twisted shielded pair of wires
b) two bi-directional twin sheathed and earthed wires -------------------c) a single twin wire cable for each transmitter

37- The inputs and outputs of a CADC are


a) pitot and static in; altitude, attitude, IAS and VS out
b) pitot and static in; altitude, IAS, mach and VS out
c) pitot in; static, altitude, mach, IAS and VS out -----------------------

38. EICAS provides the following


a) engine parameters only
b) engine parameters and system warnings only
c) engine parameters and engine warnings only

39. Engine parameters are displayed on


a) ECAM
b) EHSI

c) FMSCDU

40. A central maintenance computer provides


a) ground and flight monitoring and testing on an on-board computer
b) ground and BITE testing using a portable control panel ----------------------------c) display of system warnings and cautions

41. Where are the Digital Flight Data Recorder outputs supplied to?
a) The recording unit
b) Flight instruments
c) There are no outputs ---------------------------------

42. FMS failure and warnings are


a) displayed on EICAS------------------b) engine warnings only
c) EFIS warnings only

43. What information is required before completion of the alignment of an Inertial


Navigation System?
a) Aircraft present position ----------------------------b) Aircraft present position and heading
c) Heading and attitude

44. An FMS navigation database is updated


a) at the operators request
b) once a month
c) every 28 days------------------------

45. The Centralised Aircraft Monitoring System uses the maintenance mode of operation
a) in the air only
b) on the ground only
c) either in the air or on the ground

46. EFIS displays of the right hand and left hand displays are compared by comparators
in the
a) FMS
b) EICAS
c) Symbol Generators ---------------------------

47. An IRS platform has


a) two accelerometers
b) three accelerometers
c) two or three accelerometers depending on the system

48. IRS Laser Ring Gyros provide


a) rate movement about an axis
b) displacement about an axis
c) both rate and displacement about an axis

---------------------49. What are the outputs of a Digital ADC?


a) TAS, MACH, Altitude, TAT and SAT
b) TAS, MACH and Altitude ================
c) TAS, MACH, Altitude and TAT

50- with radio coupled autopilot, what are the inputs


a) ADF and ILS
b) ADF and VOR
c) ILS and VOR------------------------

51. Which systems does a modern ADC give information to?


a) Flight control computer, Air Data Instrument, Engine systems -----------------------b) EFIS
c) EICAS

52. An IRS has


a) accelerometers fixed to the airframe and gyros on a stable platform
b) accelerometers and gyros fixed to a the airframe
c) accelerometers on a stable platform and gyros fixed to the airframe -----------------------------

53. An IRS system requires data for wind computation from


a) central Air Data Computer
b) satellites
c) Doppler System

54. An IN system requires data from the


a) doppler system
b) satellites

c) air data computer------------------------

55. The output of an INS can be fed to


a) vertical speed indicators
b) attitude indicators
c) altimeters

56. The EFIS system consists of


a) EADI, EHSI, Symbol generators-----------------------------b) Mode control Panel, RDMI, EHSI
c) EHSI, Mode control panel, EADI

57. Strapdown Inertial Navigation system requires


a) Three accelerometers and three gyros--------------------------b) Two Accelerometers and Three Gyros
c) only Ring Laser Gyros. By having the RLG there is no need of accelerometers

58. What is primary mode of navigation on a Modern Aeroplane?


a) Inch precise GPS
b) Both GPS and IRS---------------------------------c) Only IRS

59. On an EFIS system the weather radar is displayed on


a) the EADI
b) the EHSI--------------------------------c) the FMC CD
60. The self test function on an EFIS system can be tested
a) in the air only
b) on the ground only--------------------------------

c) in the air and on the ground