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Nylon66Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Nylon66
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

Nylon66(akanylon66,nylon6/6ornylon6,6)isa
typeofpolyamideornylon.Nylonscomeinmany
types,andthetwomostcommonfortextileand
plasticsindustriesarenylon6andnylon66.Nylon66
ismadeoftwomonomerseachcontaining6carbon
atoms,hexamethylenediamineandadipicacid,which
givenylon66itsname.[1]

Synthesisandmanufacturingof
Nylon66
Nylon66issynthesisedbypolycondensationof
hexamethylenediamineandadipicacid.Equivalent
amountsofhexamethylenediamineandadipicacidare
combinedwithwaterinareactor.Thisiscrystallized
tomakenylonsalt,whichhaspreciselystoichiometric
equivalents.Thenylonsaltgoesintoareactionvessel
wherepolymerizationprocesstakesplaceeitherin
batchesorcontinuously.Removingwaterdrivesthe
reaction

Nylon66

Names
IUPACname
Poly[imino(1,6dioxohexamethylene)
iminohexamethylene]
Othernames
Poly(hexamethyleneadipamide),Poly(N,N
hexamethyleneadipinediamide),Maranyl,
Ultramid,Zytel,Akromid,Durethan,Frianyl,
Vydyne
Identifiers
CASRegistry
Number

32131172

ChemSpider
PubChem

24866842
Properties

nHOOC(CH2)4COOH+nH2N(CH2)6NH2[

Chemicalformula

(C12H22N2O2)n

OC(CH2)4CONH(CH2)6NH]n+2nH2O

Density

1.14g/mL(Zytel)

Meltingpoint

515.9F(268.6C)

towardpolymerizationthroughtheformationof
amidebondsfromtheacidandaminefunctions.Thus
moltennylon66isformed.Itcaneitherbeextruded
andgranulatedatthispointordirectlyspunintofibres
byextrusionthroughaspinneret(asmallmetalplate
withfineholes)andcoolingtoformfilaments.

Exceptwhereotherwisenoted,dataaregivenfor
materialsintheirstandardstate(at25C[77F],
100kPa).
Infoboxreferences

Applications
In2010worldwideproductionwas2milliontons.Atthattime
fibresconsumedjustoverhalfofproductionandengineeringresins
therest.Itisnotusedinfilmsduetoitsinabilitytobeoriented.
Fibremarketsrepresented55%ofthe2010demandwith
engineeringthermoplasticsbeingtheremainder.[2]

Hexamethylenediaminetop
andAdipicacidbottom,
monomersusedfor
polycondensationofNylon
66.

Nylon66isfrequentlyusedwhenhighmechanicalstrength,
rigidity,goodstabilityunderheatand/orchemicalresistanceare
required[3]Itisusedinfibersfortextilesandcarpetsandmolded
parts.Fortextiles,fibersaresoldundertheCordurabrandfor
luggage,butitisalsousedinairbags,apparelforcarpetfibresundertheUltronbrand.Nylon66lends
itselfwelltomake3Dstructuralobjects,mostlybyinjectionmoldingfindingbroaduseinauto
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7/21/2015

Nylon66Wikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

applicationunderthehoodsuchasradiatorendtanks,rockercovers,airintakemanifolds,oilpans[4]
andnumerousotherstructuralparts[5]suchasballbearingcages,electroinsulatingelements,pipes,
profilesandvariousmachineparts.zipties,conveyorbelts,hoses,polymerframedweapons,andthe
outerlayerofturnoutblankets.Nylon66isalsoapopularguitarnutmaterial.[6]

References
1. Palmer,R.J.2001.Polyamides,Plastics.EncyclopediaOfPolymerScienceandTechnology.
doi:10.1002/0471440264.pst251(https://dx.doi.org/10.1002%2F0471440264.pst251)
2. http://pcinylon.com/index.php/marketscovered/polyamide66PCIextractforPA66
3. Viers,BrendtD.(1999).PolymerDataHandbook.OxfordUniversityPress,Inc.p.189.ISBN978
0195107890.
4. http://www.materialdatacenter.com/mb/main/pdf/application/16449OilPan,35%glassreinforced66
5. http://www.materialdatacenter.com/mb/main/pdf/application/13531Tailgatehinge50%glassreinforced66
6. "NylonGuitarNutBlank"(http://www.mojotone.com/guitarparts/GuitarNutsNylon/NylonGuitarNut
Blank134x38x316#.VTKbwUsXKCY).www.mojotone.com.mojotone.Retrieved18April2015.

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Categories: Polyamides Plastics Syntheticfibers
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