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English

STUDENTS TEXTBOOK

Medio

TEENS CLUB
Lina Alvarado Jantus

EDICIN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIN - PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIN

STUDENT'S TEXTBOOK

English

Medio

TEENS CLUB
Lina Alvarado Jantus

Teacher of English
Instituto Profesional Chileno-Britnico

This book belongs to:


Name:
Class:
School:

Te lo ha hecho llegar gratuitamente el Ministerio de Educacin a travs del establecimiento educacional en el que estudias.
Es para tu uso personal tanto en tu colegio como en tu casa; cudalo para que te sirva durante todo el ao.
Si te cambias de colegio lo debes llevar contigo y al finalizar el ao, guardarlo en tu casa.

DISCOVER YOUR BOOK


TEEN LIFE

UNIT
Yaritza, 15, Brazil.
Of course I feel Brazilian, but I
also feel like other teens throughout
the world. I can see we are similar when
we chat on the Internet. We share the
same feelings, and talk about the
same topics.

TEEN LIFE
In this unit you will:
read posts of a Student Forum chat.
read poems.
listen to an interview.
listen to poems.

Listening
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information.
identify correct sequence.
differentiate sounds.
find general and specific information.
identify collocations.
Speaking
exchange information about personal interests
and preferences.
Recite a poem about teen life.

You will learn how to:


Reading
identify cognates.
find general and specific information.
infer meaning of words in context.
locate and match information.

Writing
write a personal introduction to a forum chat.
complete a poem.
Language
use linking words.
use the Present Continuous for future plans.

James, 14, England.


Nowadays, teenagers are the
same throughout the world. We are
inspired by the same things and love
doing the same activities. I dont think
a Chinese teen is different at
all from me.

Atzuko,
14, Japan.
My identity is not in my nationality,
It is in my art. Im studying art at an
American school and I feel like the
rest of my classmates.

You will also:


develop respect for and acceptance of age,
and social and cultural diversity.
assess the importance of English as an
international communication tool.

GETTING READY
Ludvik,
15, Czech Republic. My
national identity is very important to
me, although I see myself more as a
European or a westerner teen.

1 Read what young people say about being a teenager. Do you agree?
2 Discuss with your partner. What does being a teenager mean to you? Make some notes.
3 Copy this chart into your notebook. Interview six of your classmates about their interests and

preferences and enter the information in the chart. Present the results for each item in a graph
(pie chart or bar graph).
Classmates name

Music

Free Time

Sports

Art

Carmen, 14, Chile.


Identity? No, I dont feel different
from teenagers from other parts of the
world. I wear the same clothes; I like and
do the same things. So, why do I have
to feel different?

TEEN LIFE

BEFORE YOU START


LESSON 1

4 You are going to read two poems written by teenagers. What do


you think teenagers usually write about? Why? Explain.

take

have

fly

5 Read the words in the Key Word Spot and look up their meaning in
a dictionary. Are they nouns, adjectives, verbs or adverbs? Classify
the words and look up for synonyms. Then, find the parts of the
poems in which the words are mentioned and re-write these
sentences replacing the words by their synonyms.

travel

A: Can you imagine how life will be in the year 2050?


security cameras everywhere and cars
. Everyone
B: I think there
mobile phones, even young children. What about you? What do you think?
by spaceship and we
vacations in space!
A: I think people
B: Wow! That sounds great!

2 Take your time to write three predictions for the year 2050 in your notebook. Then, practice

READING

saying your predictions aloud and follow the model in Exercise 1 to have a conversation
with your partner about how you imagine life in the year 2050.

3 Read Jerrys and Beths diaries and create two questions about their plans for the week.
1

Example:What is Jerry going to do on Wednesday?


He is going to go to the theater with Bob.
Beth
JERRY

Visit &grandma
Meet Cristina
Gym &at 5:30

Dentist at 4:00

First &driving &lesson

Study Math with Beth

What
What

Study Math with Jerry

?
?

4 With your partner, take turns to ask and answer your questions in Exercise 3.
5 Think about your plans for next weekend and take some notes, using the format of the

diaries in Exercise 3. Then, look at your notes and start a conversation with your partner
about your weekend plans.

Strategy

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Happy, sad, sleepy, mean,


Feelings often change,
A common act of a typical teen,
I find it rather strange;
a text.
Talking to a friend, or sending them
think of next?
They talk for hours on end, whatll they
Theyll leave their room a mess
And give cleaning it a miss,
But yes, I must confess
this.
10 To also doing
They think their folks are ancient,
them
And utterly unfair, the result is to ignore
Before they start to swear.
Their music cracks the ceiling,
15 And makes their parents fume,
Emotions always reeling
room.
And more time in their
Being a teen may be pretty bad,
But from experience I can tell,
Its much worse for mum and dad;
For them its living hell!

1 Find information about someone you know that has a very unusual life. How is this person similar
or different to you? Make a list of similarities and differences and share them with your partner.

B:
B:
B:
B:
B:
B:

14 Read this interview and complete the paragraph about this extreme teen fashion. Then,
answer these questions.

Sonia: My mother thinks it is awful. She doesn't like


the way I look or dress.
Interviewer: Do you spend a lot of money on your

When you cannot find your pencil


And your purse has gone astray;
When youre feeling rather tired
For it has been a hectic day.
When the morning comes too quickly
And you just cant cope with rush;
When everyone is shouting
And youd rather have some hush.
Perhaps youre getting older,
10 For this happens, we are told,
But no, this isnt how it is;
Youre only thirteen years old!

B
about music
a nice jacket
for a girlfriend
the drums

10 Answer these questions.


a. Where does Danny live in Chicago?
b. What does Danny usually do in his free time?
c. What are his favorite school subjects?
d. Is Danny's life similar to your life? Why? Why not?

11

LISTENING
The tasks will help you develop strategies to
improve your understanding of oral messages.

UNIT CHECK

PROJECT

READING: TWO CULTURES

Teens around the world

15

TEEN LIFE

1 Form groups of five students.


2 Choose five different countries of the world and search for

information about teenage life in each country. Use the Internet,


encyclopedias and what you have learned in Social Studies and
Geography.

3 Find information about: the school system, typical free-time


activities, local music, typical teenage clothes and cultural
traditions.

4 Write a rough copy with all the information for each country. Then,
use your findings and the contents of this unit to prepare an oral
presentation with your group.

5 Make posters with photos, cutouts and maps to illustrate your work.

clothes?
Sonia: Yes. I love shopping for clothes and make-up,
and I spend a lot of money at the hairdresser's, so
I have a weekend job in a supermarket.

Sonias favorite clothes and accesories are


,
and
.
, but her mother
She likes them because she thinks she
way she
.
To get money to buy her clothes and accessories, she has

Hi, Bao-Yu! My name is Kenny. I am fourteen years old


and I live in Seattle, in the USA. Wow, your life is
really different to mine. I always get up at 7 in the
morning on weekdays. I have eight classes a day.
I like to play basketball, video games and see my
friends. What about music? Who's your favorite
singer? I really like rap music - Snoop Dogg is my
favorite singer.

You can prepare a Power Point Presentation as an aid to help you


with your oral presentation. Be careful not to read from the PPP, but
to show it!

6 Present it to the rest of the class and display your work in the
classroom.

Checklist
Reflect upon your project and check () under the correct column.
Very well

Well

Not so well

We followed the instructions carefully.


We collected information from different sources.
We distributed the tasks evenly among the group members.

1 Read the information about these two teenagers. Create two questions for each

the

paragraph and write them in your notebook. Then, work with a partner and take
turns to ask and answers your questions. Support your answers with evidence
from the text.

UNIT 1

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION


These attractive and entertaining activities
will motivate you to study and put into
practice what you are learning.

Spot

Getting Older

Hi! My name is Bao-Yu. I want to make friends with people


all over the world. I live in Shangai, in the east of China. I'm
15 years old and I live with my parents. I don't have any
brothers or sisters.
On school days, I always get up at 6 a.m. I take the subway
to school and usually meet my friends on the train. We
have six classes a day.
After school, I often go to my sports club where I do judo
and play baseball and tennis. When I get home I do two
hours of homework and then I usually watch TV. I also like
reading. On the weekend, I meet my friends and I go
shopping. Sometimes we go to the park and play baseball.
Tell me about you! What is your life like?

go / movies
tired / homework
Spanish / math
sports / disco / friends
jeans / sneakers / jacket
skating / going to parties / doing sports

a. What's your opinion about this fashion? Do you like it? Why? Why not?
b. Do you think it's OK to accept these kind of differences in people? Why? Explain.

22

Strategy

Before listening to the


recording again,
practice saying the
words and expressions
in bold aloud. With
your partner, take turns
to dictate the
expressions to each
other and check if you
can recognize them.

Social Studies and Geography

the class.

very dark suntan.


Interviewer: Can you describe what you are
wearing?
Sonia: I'm wearing a pink miniskirt with a pink tank
top and knee-high suede platform boots. I am
wearing false eyelashes, white eye shadow, some
glitter on my cheeks and pink lipstick.
Interviewer: Why did you start dressing like this?
Sonia: My best friend started to dress like this and
I thought she looked really cool.
Interviewer: What do your parents think?

10 Listen again and match the verbs in list A with the phrases in
list B. Then, identify the correct picture for each collocation.

2 Use these prompts to write a complete interview. Then, role play it with your partner in front of

Interviewer: How old are you, Sonia?


Sonia: I'm 15 years old.
Interviewer: I understand you are a 'ganguro girl';
what does that name mean?
Sonia: It means 'black face girl' because I have a

Danny usually listens to music with his friends / mates.


He is reading Amazing Birds / The Amazing Life of Birds.
All the girls like older / younger boys.
Hes fed up with work / homework.
Hes spending one week / two weeks with his cousins.

A
look
play
talk
wear

READING
The tasks will help you develop strategies to
improve your understanding of written texts.

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION

10 Listen to the interview again and identify the alternative


you hear.

17

BEFORE YOU START


Short activities to activate previous knowledge
and to deal with the starting point for the
activities that will follow.

what / Friday evening?


you / feel / right now?
what / favorite subjects at school?
you / do / next summer?
you / wear / tomorrow?
you / like / with your friends?

Spot

UNIT 1

A:
A:
A:
A:
A:
A:

10 Listen to the interview with Danny Evans, a typical teenager,


and check your predictions in Exercise 3.

Play tennis with Linda

Theater with Bob

folks
fume
mean (adj.)
swear
unfair
utterly

Visualize the situations


that the poems
describe. What do you
see? Discuss your
ideas with your partner.

13

5
Key Word Spot

Complaints

Make sure you follow the example.

Meet Cristina

LISTENING

parents? Why? What do you think you can do to solve these


problems? Share with your partner.

TEENAGE TALK

be

TEEN LIFE

3 Answer these questions.Do you have any arguments with your

1 Complete the dialog about predictions for the year 2050 with will/wont and the verbs in
the boxes.

GETTING READY
Some interesting pictures to
provide a setting and some simple
exercises to activate your previous
knowledge. You can also examine
the objectives of the unit here.

24

4 pts.

UNIT 1

UNIT CHECK
A formal test at the end of the unit to evaluate
your progress and help you discover what you
need to revise.

We participated actively.
We were respectful of each others ideas and opinions.

27

PROJECT
This section gives you the opportunity to apply
what you have learned in the unit and to
integrate it with other school subjects.

FAST LEARNERS

TAKE ACTION!
Hands-on activities to consolidate the contents covered in
the unit.
READING

AND WRITING

A short section with extra practice focused on reading


comprehension and writing skills.

REAL

LIFE

A short section with extra practice focused on listening and


speaking skills.
ORAL PRACTICE

SPOT

Interesting bits of information on the topics


of the lesson.
GAME

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

SPOT

Section designed to motivate you with


different games.

LETS CHECK

Activities based on a listening text, aimed at


practicing oral skills, pronunciation, fluency
and intonation.
Key

Word

These short evaluation activities allow you to


analyze your performance. You complete the
tasks within a time limit and check your points.
Spot

Special glossary that helps you with the


key words in the text you are going to
read or listen to.

Useful Expressions Spot

Commonly used expressions that


students can use in dialogs and
conversations.

A
& DIN
W G
O B
RK O
BO OK
O LE
K T

Activities for faster students. They can also be


used with all students, if the circumstances
allow it.

Strategy

Spot

Strategies that help you


comprehend and use the
language.

LETS READ!

Reading booklet connection

This icon indicates the connection of


an activity with complementary work
on the Reading Booklet.

WORKBOOK

RE

Lina Alvarado Jantus

LETS READ!

LETS READ!
Reading booklet

A complementary booklet aimed at


encouraging your taste for reading
outside of the classroom, and
reinforcing your comprehension skills.

WORKBOOK

It includes a selection of activities


divided by unit, as a complement
for the contents covered in the
Students book.

PLAN OF THE BOOK


UNIT

UNIT

TEEN LIFE
6 - 27

TECHNOLOGY AND
INVENTIONS
28 - 51

Getting Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
BEFORE YOU START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Lesson 1: Teenage talk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Listening:
An interview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Language Spot:
The Present Progressive for future plans . . . . . . 12
Oral Practice:
A short interview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Reading and writing:
Two posts in a chat forum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Lesson 2: Typical teenagers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Reading:
Teen poems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Language Spot:
Addition, alternative and contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Listening and Speaking:
Teen poems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Writing:
A short poem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Take Action!:
A poetic description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
UNIT CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
PROJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Getting Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BEFORE YOU START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesson 1: Technology Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening:
A piece of news . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Language Spot:
Linking Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oral Practice:
A short description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading and writing:
A short story extract: The Bicentennial Man . . .
Lesson 2: Popular teenage inventions . . . . . .
Reading:
Information about two teen inventors . . . . . . . .
Language Spot:
Expressing reasons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening and Speaking:
A dialog expressing opinions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing:
A description of a new device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Take Action!:
An original invention. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNIT CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

COMMUNICATIVE TASKS FILE ............................100

THEMATIC INDEX ....................................................... 104

28
30
32
33
34
35
37
38
39
41
43
44
45
46
48
51

UNIT

UNIT

MUSIC AND
LITERATURE

BODY AND MIND


78 - 99

52 - 77

Getting Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BEFORE YOU START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesson 1: New Stars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening:
A TV show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Language Spot:
Expressing quantity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Oral Practice:
A dialog about necessities and obligations . . .
Reading and writing:
Song lyrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesson 2: We want you to read! . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading:
A novel extract: The wonderful wizard of Oz . .
Language Spot:
The Passive Voice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening and Speaking:
A dialog about the content of a story . . . . . . . . .
Writing:
A book review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Take Action!:
A chat with a star . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNIT CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

LANGUAGE REFERENCE ........... 105

52
54
56
57
59
60
60
64
66
68
70
70
71
72
74
77

Getting Ready . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BEFORE YOU START . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesson 1: You can beat them! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening:
An oral presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Language Spot:
Expressing possibilities (may / might). . . . . . . . .
Oral Practice:
A dialog about bullying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reading and writing:
A personal story about bullying . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lesson 2: Why am I in such a bad mood? . . .
Reading:
Letters to an advice column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Language Spot:
Giving advice and recommendation (should /
shouldnt / ought to) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Listening and Speaking:
Expressing advice and suggestions . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing:
A letter to an advice column . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
UNIT CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PROJECT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

VOCABULARY ................................ 107

78
80
82
83
84
86
86
88
89

91
92
93
94
96
99

BIBLIOGRAPHY.............................. 109

UNIT
TEEN LIFE
In this unit you will:
read posts of a Student Forum chat.
read poems.
listen to an interview.
listen to poems.

Listening
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information.
identify correct sequence.
differentiate sounds.
find general and specific information.
identify collocations.
Speaking
exchange information about personal interests
and preferences.
Recite a poem about teen life.

You will learn how to:


Reading
identify cognates.
find general and specific information.
infer meaning of words in context.
locate and match information.

Writing
write a personal introduction to a forum chat.
complete a poem.
Language
use linking words.
use the Present Continuous for future plans.
You will also:
develop respect for and acceptance of age,
and social and cultural diversity.
assess the importance of English as an
international communication tool.

GETTING READY
1 Read what young people say about being a teenager. Do you agree?
2 Discuss with your partner. What does being a teenager mean to you? Make some notes.
3 Copy this chart into your notebook. Interview six of your classmates about their interests and

preferences and enter the information in the chart. Present the results for each item in a graph
(pie chart or bar graph).
Classmates name

Music

Free Time

Sports

Art

TEEN LIFE

Yaritza, 15, Brazil.


Of course I feel Brazilian, but I
also feel like other teens throughout
the world. I can see we are similar when
we chat on the Internet. We share the
same feelings, and talk about the
same topics.

James, 14, England.


Nowadays, teenagers are the
same throughout the world. We are
inspired by the same things and love
doing the same activities. I dont think
a Chinese teen is different at
all from me.

Atzuko,
14, Japan.
My identity is not in my nationality,
It is in my art. Im studying art at an
American school and I feel like the
rest of my classmates.

Ludvik,
15, Czech Republic. My
national identity is very important to
me, although I see myself more as a
European or a westerner teen.

Carmen, 14, Chile.


Identity? No, I dont feel different
from teenagers from other parts of the
world. I wear the same clothes; I like and
do the same things. So, why do I have
to feel different?

BEFORE YOU START


LESSON 1

TEENAGE TALK

1 Complete the dialog about predictions for the year 2050 with will/wont and the verbs in
the boxes.

be

take

have

fly

travel

A: Can you imagine how life will be in the year 2050?


security cameras everywhere and cars
. Everyone
B: I think there
mobile phones, even young children. What about you? What do you think?
by spaceship and we
vacations in space!
A: I think people
B: Wow! That sounds great!

2 Take your time to write three predictions for the year 2050 in your notebook. Then, practice
saying your predictions aloud and follow the model in Exercise 1 to have a conversation
with your partner about how you imagine life in the year 2050.

3 Read Jerrys and Beths diaries and create two questions about their plans for the week.
Make sure you follow the example.

Example:What is Jerry going to do on Wednesday?


He is going to go to the theater with Bob.
Beth
JERRY

Visit &grandma

Play tennis with Linda

Meet Cristina

Meet Cristina
Theater with Bob

Gym &at 5:30

Dentist at 4:00

First &driving &lesson

Study Math with Beth

What
What

Study Math with Jerry

?
?

4 With your partner, take turns to ask and answer your questions in Exercise 3.
5 Think about your plans for next weekend and take some notes, using the format of the

diaries in Exercise 3. Then, look at your notes and start a conversation with your partner
about your weekend plans.

UNIT 1

TEEN LIFE
Before starting this unit, you need to know:
How to refer to events in the future.
Different types of texts.

LESSON 2

TYPICAL TEENAGERS

1 Which picture (1 4) shows


a.

a page of prose? b.

a drama script? c.

a poem? d.

a comic?

2 Which are the elements that help you identify each type of text? Discuss with your partner.

LESSON 1

TEENAGE TALK

LISTENING
BEFORE LISTENING

1 Read the paragraph ignoring the gaps. Then, read it again and
circle the right word to complete the paragraph.

Strategy

Spot

You are going to listen


to the interview with
Dany Evans, a typical
teenager. In your
notebook, write a list
of the questions you
think the interviewer
will ask him.

Im in 9th grade. People in my class have different interests: some of


(Internet / cell phones /videogames)
them are crazy about
because theyre always talking about the latest websites where you can
play online or different tips to be a better player. There is also this
group of girls and boys who like to go shopping and wear the best
clothes. They are really interested in (fashion /models / stores). Other
(gym / sports / athletics) and participate in soccer ,
people like
basketball and volleyball competitions. Some people also like (arts /
music / dancing) and have their own rock bands and play different
instruments. In my case, I share all these interests so I can spend time
and have fun with everyone in my class. I love dancing and going to
(parties /school / celebrations) on the weekend with my friends,
but I also enjoy video games, going shopping, playing sports and music.

2 With your partner, make a list of other words related to teenagers.


3 Look at the photos above and answer these questions in your group.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Key Word Spot

fleece
fed up
look forward to

10

UNIT 1

Do the people look like typical teenagers?


Where do you think they are from?
What do you think they like doing in their free time?
What do teenagers care about these days? What are
their interests?

4 Match these meanings with the words from the text in the Key
Word Spot.

a. bored or unhappy b. expect with pleasure c. wool

TEEN LIFE

LISTENING
5
6

10 Listen to the interview with Danny Evans, a typical teenager,


and check your predictions in Exercise 3.
10 Listen to the interview again and identify the alternative
you hear.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Danny usually listens to music with his friends / mates.


He is reading Amazing Birds / The Amazing Life of Birds.
All the girls like older / younger boys.
Hes fed up with work / homework.
Hes spending one week / two weeks with his cousins.

10 Listen again and match the verbs in list A with the phrases in
list B. Then, identify the correct picture for each collocation.

A
look
play
talk
wear

Strategy

Spot

Before listening to the


recording again,
practice saying the
words and expressions
in bold aloud. With
your partner, take turns
to dictate the
expressions to each
other and check if you
can recognize them.

B
about music
a nice jacket
for a girlfriend
the drums

10 Answer these questions.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Where does Danny live in Chicago?


What does Danny usually do in his free time?
What are his favorite school subjects?
Is Danny's life similar to your life? Why? Why not?

11

LANGUAGE SPOT
The Present Progressive for Future Plans

1. Read these questions and answers from the text.


a. What are you wearing today?
Im wearing a fleece jacket, jeans and sneakers.
b. What are you doing on your next vacation?
Im spending a week with my cousins in the country.
2. Answer these questions.
a. Which of the exchanges refers to an action that is
happening now?
b. Which of the exchanges refers to a planned future event?
c. Which tense was used in the sentences about the future?
i. The Simple Present tense.
ii. The Present Progressive tense.
iii. The Simple Future tense.
3. Copy and complete this general rule in your notebook.
to talk about temporary events and
We use the
about what is happening now.
We can also use the
to talk about
and arrangements.
4. Write two more sentences about Dannys possible plans for
the future.

9 Complete these dialogs with the Simple Present or the Present


Progressive form of the verbs in brackets.
i.

ii.

iii.

12

UNIT 1

A: What
B:

your best friend

A: What
B:

your mother

A: How often
B:

Chilean teenagers

? (do)
. (play)
right now? (do)
. (organize)
? (eat)
. (drink)

TEEN LIFE

ORAL PRACTICE
10

11 In your group, complete the dialog with your own ideas and use
the phrases in the Useful Expressions Spot. Then, listen and
compare your conversation with the recording. How are your
questions similar or different? Discuss with your partners.
A: How often
B:
A: What
B:
A: Whats your favorite
B:
A: What you and friends
B:
A: What
B:

?
.
right now?
.
?
.
about?
.
next weekend?
.

Useful Expressions Spot

Sometimes I go to the
movies
I go to the movies once
a week/ month / year.
I never / hardly ever go
to the movies.

11 Ask and answer the questions in Exercise 10 with your partner.

Practice and role-play the conversation in front of your classmates.


Use the phrases in the Useful Expressions Spot as you perform
the dialog.

READING AND WRITING


12

12 Can the Internet be a useful tool for communication? What do


you usually use the Internet for? Read these two posts, and
complete the rows in the chart on the next page with information
about Jay and Brummie.
Jay Star
Hey! Im new to the forum - So yeah Im a
student in Boston from Saint Joseph's; love
music and play the guitar and the drums. Im
gigging this Saturday at Fenneys.
Whats up?
Brummie Bex
Hi everyone! My name is Bex; just finished my
first year at Benton Harbor Secondary School.
Originally from Chicago. In my free time, I play
sports and chat on the Internet with people from
all over the world. Next weekend Im camping on
the beach with my friends for two nights.
If anyone wants to know anything else, feel free
to ask!

Key Word Spot

Gig (verb): (informal)


to perform live music
at a pub or bar.

LETS READ!

Reading booklet connection

Page 4
Compare the blog post with
the ones on this page. Are
the interests similar in any
way? Answer the questions.

13

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

Do your sentences begin


with capital letters and end
with periods?
Have you checked your
work for other punctuation
marks, such as question
marks, exclamation marks,
commas, etc.?
Sentences
Do all your sentences
make sense?
Can you add any words to
make them more
interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your
work for spelling mistakes?
Are there any words you are
not sure about?
Vocabulary
Use your dictionary to check
that the words you have
used are appropriate in
context.
When you have finished your work,
read it through and check for any
changes you need to make.

Name

UNIT 1

School

Likes

Plans

Jay Star
Brummie Bex
You

13 Organizing. You are going to write a post in a student forum chat.


To plan your writing, complete the last row of the chart with your
personal information.

14 Drafting. Use the information in the chart to write a post in a

student forum chat. Invent a username, introduce yourself and


make sure you include the following points:
say hello, your name and the name of your school.
say what you like doing in your free time.
say what you will do next weekend.

15 Writing. Write a final version of your post on a sheet of paper.


16 Editing. Exchange your compositions with your partner and use the
Editing Checklist to check for mistakes.

LETS CHECK
17 Go over the unit and check what you have learned. With your

partner, create a dialog in your notebook in which you talk about


future plans. Make sure you use the units language and
vocabulary in your dialog. Then, role-play your conversation in front
(12 pts.)
of your teacher.

0-4
Keep trying!

14

City

5-8
Good!

9 - 10
Very good!

11 - 12
Excellent!

TEEN LIFE

FAST LEARNERS
Play the Dont Answer Back game

a. Write down questions like those in the interview and in Exercise 10.
b. Play in groups of four to six students, sitting in a circle.
c. Player 1 asks a question to Player 2, on his / her right.
d. Player 2 does not answer Player 1s question, but answers Whats
your name?
e. Player 2 asks a question to Player 3, on his / her right.
f. Player 3 does not answer Player 2s question but Player 1s question
and so on.
g. Each player has three lives. If he / she doesnt answer the correct
question, or he / she hesitates for too long, he / she loses 1 point.
h. The student who loses fewer points wins. The time is set by
the teacher.
Example:
Whats your name?
Player 1: What do you do at weekends?
. What are you doing next Saturday?
Player 2: My name is
Player 3: I usually stay at home. What is your favorite subject at school?
Player 4: I am going to a party.
And so on

REAL LIFE

SPOT

Do you think they have similar or different plans to have fun on the
weekend? In your group, write a conversation about weekend plans
between a parent and a child. Use your own ideas and take turns to
role-play your conversation in front of your class.

15

LESSON 2

TYPICAL TEENAGERS

READING

BEFORE READING
1 In pairs, look up these words in the dictionary and take notes of

their meaning. Then, look at the pictures in Ex. 2 and take turns to
describe each picture using the appropriate word.
oversleep

loud

mess

screen time

2 Take a look at the pictures. Are these situations familiar to


you? Can you describe a typical Chilean teenager? Why do you
think they behave that way? Explain.

Strategy

Spot

Look at the titles of the


poems on Page 17.
What feelings do you
think they express?

16

UNIT 1

TEEN LIFE

3 Answer these questions.Do you have any arguments with your


parents? Why? What do you think you can do to solve these
problems? Share with your partner.

4 You are going to read two poems written by teenagers. What do


you think teenagers usually write about? Why? Explain.

5 Read the words in the Key Word Spot and look up their meaning in
a dictionary. Are they nouns, adjectives, verbs or adverbs? Classify
the words and look up for synonyms. Then, find the parts of the
poems in which the words are mentioned and re-write these
sentences replacing the words by their synonyms.

READING

Key Word Spot

folks
fume
mean (adj.)
swear
unfair
utterly
Strategy

Spot

Visualize the situations


that the poems
describe. What do you
see? Discuss your
ideas with your partner.

13

Complaints
Happy, sad, sleepy, mean,
Feelings often change,
A common act of a typical teen,
I find it rather strange;
them a text.
5 Talking to a friend, or sending
think of next?
They talk for hours on end, whatll they
Theyll leave their room a mess
And give cleaning it a miss,
But yes, I must confess
10 To also doing this.
They think their folks are ancient,
re them
And utterly unfair, the result is to igno
Before they start to swear.
Their music cracks the ceiling,
e,
15 And makes their parents fum
Emotions always reeling
And more time in their room.
Being a teen may be pretty bad,
But from experience I can tell,
Its much worse for mum and dad;
For them its living hell!

Getting Older
When you cannot find your pencil
And your purse has gone astray;
When youre feeling rather tired
For it has been a hectic day.
5 When the morning comes too quickly
And you just cant cope with rush;
When everyone is shouting
And youd rather have some hush.
Perhaps youre getting older,
,
10 For this happens, we are told
But no, this isnt how it is;
Youre only thirteen years old!

17

6 Read the poems quickly and check () your predictions in Exercise 4.


7 Read the first poem again. Check () the comments about
teenagers that are mentioned in them.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Their mood changes very often.


They are tidy and considerate.
They dont study very often.
They listen to loud music.
They sleep too much.
They spend too much time on the phone.

8 Look at the pictures (1 - 6). Find phrases or sentences in the poem

Complaints that are related to them, and write them under each photo.

LETS READ!

Reading booklet connection

Page 3
Compare the poems with
the ones on Page 17. Are
they similar in any way?
Answer the questions.

18

UNIT 1

9 Read the poem Getting Older again. Identify the verse in which these
ideas are mentioned and write the number beside each of them.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Everybody speaks loudly.


You are growing up.
You cannot find your belongings.
You feel exhausted.

TEEN LIFE

10 In pairs, create a conversation in which you give your own opinions

about the poems and write it in your notebook. Then, take your time
to practice your dialog and say it out loud. Use the expressions in
the Useful Expressions Spot to express your ideas.

A: Do you recognize yourself in the poem?


B: Yes / No, because my feelings
,I
my room is
. What about you?
A: Well, I recognize / dont recognize myself because
I dont think
and my music

and
.

Useful Expressions Spot

Speaking for myself


In my opinion
Personally, I think

LANGUAGE SPOT
Addition, alternative and contrast

1. Revise these examples from the poem. Pay attention to the words
in bold.
a. Talking to a friend, or sending them a text,
b. Their music cracks the ceiling, And makes their parents fume,
c. Being a teen may be pretty bad, But from experience I can tell
2. Answer these questions.
a. Which word introduces an additional idea?
b. Which word introduces an alternative idea?
c. What does the word but introduce: a condition,
a result or a contrast?
3. Complete these general rules.
when we want to express a
We use
between two ideas.
when we want to express
We use
ideas.
when we want to express
We use
ideas.

Strategy

Spot

Go back to the poems


and choose one idea,
statement or verse that
calls your attention in
some way. In your
group, explain your
choice and discuss
your ideas.

4. Read the poems. Find and copy all the sentences that include the
words in bold in point 1. Can you identify the addition, alternative
or contrast they are expressing?

11 Use and, or, but, to connect the following pairs of sentences.


a. Teenagers sleep a lot. They are always sleepy, anyway.
b. Teenagers dont talk with their parents. They talk a lot with
their friends.
c. Teenagers like loud music. They like sports.
d. Teenagers like to be with friends. They like to spend a lot of time
in their rooms.

19

Strategy

Spot

Listen again and write


a sentence that
summarizes each
message in the poems.
In your group, discuss
if you agree or
disagree with the
poet's views and
impressions.

LISTENING AND SPEAKING


12

13 Listen to the two poems on Page 17. In pairs, choose the part
you liked most. Memorize, practice, and recite it in front of your
classmates.

LETS CHECK
13 Read the prompts and create five sentences using the connectors
and, but, or.

(10 pts.)

a. listening to music / chatting on the Internet.


b. fast food / soft drinks.
c. love parents / being with friends.
d. understand English / speak it.
e. speak English / French.
0-3
Keep trying!

4-6
Good!

7-8
Very good!

9 - 10
Excellent!

WRITING
14 Complete the verses of this poem with words from the boxes.
afraid

ashamed

blunt

bold

brave

TURN UP THE VOLUME


Liz Boyatt
I need to be...
I need to be...
I need to be...
I need to be...
I can't be...
I can't keep...
I can't be...
I can't be...
I can't be anyone but myself.

20

UNIT 1

loud

quiet

shy

TEEN LIFE

15 Complete the verses of this poem with ideas, feelings, or actions

connected with teenagers or your real life. Then, compare poems in


your group. Use the Editing Checklist to check for mistakes.
I AM
James Born

16 Organizing. You are going to write a poem about your everyday

life. Before you write, look at the Strategy Spot and organize your
ideas in your notebook.

17 Drafting. Follow the example in Exercise 15 and write a draft of

your poem in your notebook. You can use connectors such as, and,
but, and or to join your ideas.

18 Editing. With your partner, exchange your drafts and check for
mistakes using the Editing checklist.

19 Writing. Write the final version of your poem on a piece of paper.


Then, learn it and recite it in front of the class.

A poetic description
a. Work in pairs.
b. Read all the poems in this lesson again.
c. Find three sentences that help you
describe a typical teenager.
d. Write them on a nice piece of paper,
add illustrations and display your work in
the classroom.

2-9

Spot

Picture what you want


to express in your
poem. In your
notebook, complete
the following prompts:
The goal of this poem
is...
The feelings I will
express are ...
The language I need
to use is...

I am love in the face of...


I am kindness in the face of...
I am strength in the face of...
I am patience in the face of...
I will not run away from...
I will not run and...
I am... I am...
I will make a difference in this world, big or...
That is my promise to me, my promise to...

TAKE ACTION!

Strategy

Just because
et
Just because Im qui
mute
doesnt mean Im
boring
Doesnt mean Im
t be outgoing
Doesnt mean I can
et
Just because Im qui
me
Dont make fun of
am
Dont judge how I
an animal
Dont treat me like
et
Just Because Im qui
nds
I still want make frie
versations
Still love to have con
thoughts
Still want to share
et
Just because Im qui
me
Doesnt mean thats

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

Do your sentences begin


with capital letters and end
with periods?
Sentences
Can you add any words to
make them more
interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your
work for spelling mistakes?
Vocabulary
Use your dictionary to check
that the words you have
used are appropriate in
context.

For extra practice of Unit 1, complete the activities in the Workbook.

21

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION


1 Find information about someone you know that has a very unusual life. How is this person similar
or different to you? Make a list of similarities and differences and share them with your partner.

2 Use these prompts to write a complete interview. Then, role play it with your partner in front of
the class.
A:
A:
A:
A:
A:
A:

what / Friday evening?


you / feel / right now?
what / favorite subjects at school?
you / do / next summer?
you / wear / tomorrow?
you / like / with your friends?

B:
B:
B:
B:
B:
B:

go / movies
tired / homework
Spanish / math
sports / disco / friends
jeans / sneakers / jacket
skating / going to parties / doing sports

14 Read this interview and complete the paragraph about this extreme teen fashion. Then,
answer these questions.
a. What's your opinion about this fashion? Do you like it? Why? Why not?
b. Do you think it's OK to accept these kind of differences in people? Why? Explain.

Interviewer: How old are you, Sonia?


Sonia: I'm 15 years old.
Interviewer: I understand you are a 'ganguro girl';
what does that name mean?
Sonia: It means 'black face girl' because I have a
very dark suntan.
Interviewer: Can you describe what you are
wearing?
Sonia: I'm wearing a pink miniskirt with a pink tank
top and knee-high suede platform boots. I am
wearing false eyelashes, white eye shadow, some
glitter on my cheeks and pink lipstick.
Interviewer: Why did you start dressing like this?
Sonia: My best friend started to dress like this and
I thought she looked really cool.
Interviewer: What do your parents think?

Sonia: My mother thinks it is awful. She doesn't like


the way I look or dress.
Interviewer: Do you spend a lot of money on your
clothes?
Sonia: Yes. I love shopping for clothes and make-up,
and I spend a lot of money at the hairdresser's, so
I have a weekend job in a supermarket.

Sonias favorite clothes and accesories are


,
.
and
, but her mother
She likes them because she thinks she
way she
.
To get money to buy her clothes and accessories, she has

22

UNIT 1

,
the
.

TEEN LIFE

4 Would you like to know if you are a typical teenager? Take this quiz and find out!

a. Do you like looking like everyone

else?
i. Yes, I feel better that way.
ii. No, I like to be different.
iii. I dont really care.

b. How much do you worry about

what your family thinks of you?


i. Not much; its my life after all.
ii. I care a bit because I know they
just want me to be happy.
iii. I care a lot.

c. Do you like spending time at

home?
i. No, I prefer to go out as much
as possible.
ii. Yes, but I also like going out
with my friends.
iii. Yes, I love to be at home with
my mum and dad.

@
Answer key:
a = 3 pts.
b = 2 pts.
c = 1 pt.

d. Do you think its important to look

attractive?
i. Yes, of course!
ii. No, how you look is not as
important as what you are like
as a person.
iii. Its not something I think about
much.

e. Do you plan your life carefully?


i. No, I love doing things without

thinking about them first.


ii. It depends. Sometimes I do.
iii. Yes, I always think before I act.

f. Do you live for today?


i. Of course I do. Youre only

young once.
ii. In some ways I do, in some
ways I dont.
iii. No, youve got to think of
the future.

@
Score:
r!
15 - 18 pts.: You are a pretty typical teenage
ager.
9 - 14 pts.: You are not exactly a typical teen
ager!
0 - 8 pts.: You are definitely not a typical teen

5 Compare your results with your partners and answer these questions.
a. What differences can you see between Chilean teenagers and
teenagers from other countries? Explain.
b. Do you think it is easy to be a teenager in Chile? Why? Explain.

23

UNIT CHECK
READING: TWO CULTURES

15

Hi! My name is Bao-Yu. I want to make friends with people


all over the world. I live in Shangai, in the east of China. I'm
15 years old and I live with my parents. I don't have any
brothers or sisters.
On school days, I always get up at 6 a.m. I take the subway
to school and usually meet my friends on the train. We
have six classes a day.
After school, I often go to my sports club where I do judo
and play baseball and tennis. When I get home I do two
hours of homework and then I usually watch TV. I also like
reading. On the weekend, I meet my friends and I go
shopping. Sometimes we go to the park and play baseball.
Tell me about you! What is your life like?

Hi, Bao-Yu! My name is Kenny. I am fourteen years old


and I live in Seattle, in the USA. Wow, your life is
really different to mine. I always get up at 7 in the
morning on weekdays. I have eight classes a day.
I like to play basketball, video games and see my
friends. What about music? Who's your favorite
singer? I really like rap music - Snoop Dogg is my
favorite singer.

1 Read the information about these two teenagers. Create two questions for each
paragraph and write them in your notebook. Then, work with a partner and take
turns to ask and answers your questions. Support your answers with evidence
from the text.

24

UNIT 1

4 pts.

TEEN LIFE

2 Read the text again. Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5 pts.

Bao-Yu is an only child.


Kenny is older than Bao-Yu.
They like doing the same things in their free time.
Bao-Yu has more classes a day than Kenny.
They like the same sports.

3 Answer the questions.


a. How are Bao Yu and Kenny's lives different? Explain.
b Can cultural differences affect a friendship between two teenagers? Why?
Explain.

5 pts.

LISTENING: DIAMOND LAMOURS LIFE


4

16 Listen to the interview and decide if these statements are true (T) or false (F).
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Diamond often goes to parties on Friday night.


She goes to the movies once a week.
Her favorite subjects at school are Spanish and art.
She worries about flying because she gets very nervous.
Next week, she is having a lot of exams.

16 Listen to the interview again and circle the correct alternative.


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Diamond is fifteen / fourteen.


She usually rings / meets her friends downtown.
Her boyfriend is called Jake / Jack.
Shes feeling excited / exhausted.
She wants to change politics / the world.

16 Listen to the interview once more and number these sentences in the order
you hear them.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5 pts.

5 pts.

5 pts.

About once a month.


Im fifteen tomorrow.
Im studying for several tests.
In Lansing, Michigan.
My birthday party.

25

LANGUAGE
7 Complete these sentences with your own ideas. Use the Present Continuous to
express future, and the verbs in the boxes.
buy

get

have

help

play

visit

7 pts.

work

i. A. Lets go swimming after school.


.
B. Sorry,
ii. A. Do you think it will snow tomorrow?
B. Maybe. I think
.
iii. A.
. What do you think?
B. We can go shopping in the afternoon, if you like.
iv. A. Have you got any plans for the vacation?
B. Yes, we
.
v. A. Do you think we will go to Paulas house after school today?
B: No, I cant. I
.
vi. My sister is getting married next month. We

8 Read the text and circle the right connector.

6 pts.

What teens worry about


Everyone has their stress points,
what they report makes them worry:

(and / or) teens are no exception. Heres

What people think of them. Teens dont want their identity to be viewed in a negative
light. Unfortunately, this dark light often means many admirable qualities, like making
good grades
(or / and) playing the viola in the school orchestra.
Grades. Believe it
(but / or) not, most teens worry about grades. Good grades
are a sign of well-being,
(and / but) even though teacher approval may not be
as cool as peer approval, its important.
(but /
Family difficulties. Most teens may seem indifferent to their families,
and) this attitude does not necessarily reflect how they really feel. If theres trouble at
(and / or) financial, teens can be particularly sensitive to this.
home, emotional

SPEAKING
9 Use these prompts to create two questions about future plans. With your partner,

take turns to ask and answer your questions using what you have learned in the Unit.
a. ... on weekends?

b. ... after school?

4 pts.

WRITING
10 In your notebook, write a reply to Bao-Yu or Kenny, telling about your life.
0 - 29
Keep trying!

26

UNIT 1

4 pts.

30 - 36
Good!

37 - 42
Very good!

50
TOTAL

43 - 50
Excellent!

TEEN LIFE

PROJECT
Teens around the world
Social Studies and Geography
1 Form groups of five students.
2 Choose five different countries of the world and search for

information about teenage life in each country. Use the Internet,


encyclopedias and what you have learned in Social Studies and
Geography.

3 Find information about: the school system, typical free-time


activities, local music, typical teenage clothes and cultural
traditions.

4 Write a rough copy with all the information for each country. Then,
use your findings and the contents of this unit to prepare an oral
presentation with your group.

5 Make posters with photos, cutouts and maps to illustrate your work.

You can prepare a Power Point Presentation as an aid to help you


with your oral presentation. Be careful not to read from the PPP, but
to show it!

6 Present it to the rest of the class and display your work in the
classroom.

Checklist
Reflect upon your project and check () under the correct column.
Very well

Well

Not so well

We followed the instructions carefully.


We collected information from different sources.
We distributed the tasks evenly among the group members.
We participated actively.
We were respectful of each others ideas and opinions.

27

UNIT
TECHNOLOGY AND
INVENTIONS
In this unit you will:
read information from webpages.
listen to a conversation.
listen to a radio program extract about
technology.

Listening
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information.
relate speakers and speech.
discriminate sounds and words.
identify sequence.
Speaking
describe a technological device.
exchange opinions about inventions and
technology.

You will learn how to:


Reading
find general and specific information.
identify the sequence of events.
identify the type of text.

Writing
complete a paragraph about a new invention.
Language
use linking words.
use relative clauses with because.
You will also:
assess and appreciate the role of technology in
everyday life.
develop respect for and acceptance of other
peoples opinions.

GETTING READY
1 Find the following items in the picture on Page 29.
bicycle
DVD

calculator
jet plane

camera

cellular phone

microwave oven

credit card

personal computer

2 Copy this chart into your notebook and classify the inventions above in the corresponding
column (some inventions can go in both columns).
Work / Study

Leisure (Free time)

3 Are these inventions common in your country? Which one do you use the most? What for?

28

Discuss with your partner.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

29

BEFORE YOU START


LESSON 1

TECHNOLOGY UPDATE

1 Read the descriptions of these new inventions (a c) and match them with the pictures
(i iii).

a. It solves the problem of weather. No


matter how cold (or hot) it is outside,
your body maintains a pleasantly warm
temperature. Its perfect for camping,
skiing, or any outdoor activity. It comes in
12 different colors.

b. You can wear it when its very cold. It


has a small rechargeable battery that
can be held in your pocket. You can
wear it under your jacket. It is thicker
than the one in the image.

c. They are clear plastic tubes that hold your crayons so they can be used even if they break.

i.

Crayon Holders

ii.

Super T-shirt

iii.

Electric - Heat Vest

2 Complete the dialog with and, but or so.


Phil:

My Dad got me free tickets for the concert


Im definitely going. Who wants to
join me?
oops! No. Wait! I cant.
Sheila: Seriously? Wow! Thats great! I want to go with you
Ive got a math test
a lot to study. What a pity!
Devin: Thats awesome, Phil! Im joining you. I wont have more opportunities like this
Im going with you. Its my favorite band!
Phil:
Sheila, lets do something. Im good at math so I can help you today after school. I
Devin. What do you say?
would really love to go with you
Sheila: Thanks, Phil! Youre the best!

3 In groups of three, practice the conversation in Exercise 2 and role-play it in front of your
teacher.

30

UNIT 2

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

Before starting this unit, you need to know:


How to refer to actions in the present.
The Past Simple tense.
Linking words and, but, so.

POPULAR TEENAGE INVENTIONS

LESSON 2

1 Look at the pictures and the expressions in the boxes. With your partner, take turns to
describe the pictures using the expressions and the Past Simple tense. Then, work
individually and write a paragraph about three pictures. Make sure you include the
expressions in the boxes and the Past Simple tense.
cook lunch
ride her horse

dance all night

Gina

Dan

play the piano


watch a movie

talk to a friend

sing at the theater

Anna

have a picnic

Charles

3 Emily and Eddie

Jill and Nick

Maggie

Sheila

31

LESSON 1

TECHNOLOGY UPDATE

LISTENING

BEFORE LISTENING
1 In your group, look at the pictures on this page. What are these

inventions? Do they all exist? Think about possible future inventions.

2 In your notebook, make a list of inventions that would improve your

everyday life. Discuss with your partner the reasons for your choice.

3 Match the names of three new gadgets (a c) with the pictures you
think represent them (1 6).
CPen
a.
TiVo
b.
Thought-Remote Control
c.

4 Complete these sentences with the names of the corresponding


gadgets.

a.
b.
c.

32

UNIT 2

allows you to interact with TV.


can memorize a text.
is very useful for disadvantaged people.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

5 Which of these words are related to the inventions in Exercise 3?


Discuss with your partner.
action
control
idea
portable

automatic

command

electronic
invention
system
TV

gadget
machine

technology

computer
game
pen
control

scanner

Strategy

Spot

Read the questions in


the Listening section
carefully. What do you
have to listen for in
each question?
Discuss your ideas
with your partner.

LISTENING
6

19 Listen to the recording and check your ideas in Exercises 3,


and 4.

19 Listen again and number the gadgets in the order they


are mentioned.
a.
b.
c.

19 Listen to the recording again. Are these statements true (T)


or false (F)?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

C-Pen
Thought Remote Control
TiVo

With TiVo, you can see action as it happens in


fast motion.
TiVo is a device to control the TV remotely.
The C-Pen is the latest version of a highlighter pen.
The C-Pen can store more than 3,000 pages of text.
The Thought Remote Control can read your mind.
With the Thought Remote Control you wont need a
mouse or a keyboard for your computer.

Strategy

Spot

Underline key words in


the questions before
answering. This will
help you focus your
attention on the
answers.

19 Answer these questions.


a. Who can benefit from an invention such as TiVo?
b. What's the main difference between Thought - Remote Control
and a normal one?
c. Which other invention has the same function of the C-Pen?

33

LANGUAGE SPOT
Linking words

1. Read these sentences from the text and other examples. Pay
special attention to the words in bold.
a. Although it looks like a highlighter pen, it is a small
portable scanner.
b. I cant even imagine that! However, Im sure it is now possible.
c. TiVo is very expensive, while the handy scanner is a
cheaper gadget.
d. Though people are physically disadvantaged, they can
use a computer.
2. Identify what the words in bold express. Choose an alternative.
a. Contrast.
b. Reason.
c. Consequence.
d. Purpose.
,
and
3. Linking words such as
between ideas.
indicate
Answer:
Which linking words go at the beginning of a sentence?
Which linking word goes at the beginning of the second
sentence (and followed by a comma)?
Which linking word can go at the beginning or in the middle of
a sentence?

10 Write sentences using linking words from the Language Spot.


Follow the example.

a. Although the children were making a terrible noise


b.
c.
d.

34

UNIT 2

.
.
.
.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

ORAL PRACTICE
11

20 Listen and complete this description of an invention. Then, use


the text as a model to write your own description of an invention
that calls your attention in your notebook. Make sure you look at
the Useful Expressions Spot and include the expressions in
your description.
This

is called CyberBug. It
you to
to peoples conversations. It
a microphone
and an amplifier, and a small headphone. Besides, it is very cheap
. You can put it in your
and take it to
and
between
work or even to the gym! With it, you can hear
people although they are up to 50 meters away!

12 Practice describing your invention. Then, present your description


to your class.

13 Read the following sections from the text on Page 36 and pay
attention to the words in bold.

Useful Expressions Spot

The latest invention


A modern / brilliant /
ingenious / wonderful
invention.
A new invention has
been designed /
patented.

a. Match the paragraphs (I III) and the definitions of the words


in bold (i - iii).
I. The robopsychologist, Merton Mansky,
listened with a growing frown and more
than once managed to stop his fingers at
the point beyond which they would have
irrevocably drummed on the table. He had
drawn features and a lined forehead, but
he might actually have been younger
than he looked.
II. I cannot explain it to you in detail, but the
mathematics governing the plotting of the
positronic pathways is far too complicated
to permit of any but approximate solutions.
Naturally, since we build everything around
the three laws, those are incontrovertible.
We will, of course, replace your robot.
III. The point is he also carves wood in
exquisite fashion and never the same
twice. He produces works of art.

i. To make or form a figure

as an art by cutting / With


special beauty or charm.

ii. A facial expression of

discomfort or anger / His


forehead was that of an
older person, having
many wrinkles.

iii. The robot design / Not

open to question.

b. Check your answers looking up unfamiliar words in your dictionary.

35

The bicentennial man

21

Extract

Gerald Martin took Andrew to the regional offices of the


United States Robots and Mechanical Men Corporation. As a
member or the Regional Legislature, he had no trouble at all
in gaining an interview with the chief robopsychologist. In
fact, it was only as a member of the Regional Legislature that
he qualified as a robot owner in the first place - in those early
days when robots were rare.
Andrew did not understand any of this at the time, but in
later years, with greater learning, he could review that early
scene and understand it in its proper light.
The robopsychologist, Merton Mansky, listened with a
growing frown and more than once managed to stop his
fingers at the point beyond which they would have irrevocably
drummed on the table. He had drawn features and a lined
forehead, but he might actually have been younger than
he looked.
Robotics is not an exact art, Mr. Martin, Mansky explained.
I cannot explain it to you in detail, but the mathematics
governing the plotting of the positronic pathways is far too
complicated to permit of any but approximate solutions.
Naturally, since we build everything around the three laws, those are incontrovertible. We
will, of course, replace your robot.
Not at all, said Sir. There is no question of failure, on his part. He performs his assigned
duties perfectly. The point is he also carves wood in exquisite fashion and never the same
twice. He produces works of art.
Mansky looked confused. Strange. Of course, were attempting generalized pathways these
days. Really creative, you think?
See for yourself. Sir handed over a little sphere of wood on which there was a playground
scene in which the boys and the girls were almost too small to make out, yet they were in
perfect proportion and they blended so naturally with the grain that it, too, seemed to have
been carved.
Mansky was incredulous. He did that? He handed it back with a shake of his head. The
luck of the draw. Something in the pathways.
Can you do it again?
Probably not. Nothing like this has ever been reported.
Good! I dont in the least mind Andrews being the only one.
I suspect that the company would like to have your robot back for study, Mansky said.
Not a chance! Sir said with sudden grimness. Forget it. He turned to Andrew, Lets go
home, now.
Taken from: Asimov, I. (March 1991). Robot Visions. The bicentennial man. (p. 245). New York:
New American Library.

36

UNIT 2

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

READING AND WRITING


14 Read the extract of the short story on Page 36. Use a dictionary if
necessary. After that, answer these questions.
a. What type of short story is it?
i. Childrens short story.
ii. A science-fiction story.
iii. A mystery short story.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Is Andrew human?
What do you think is the robopsychologists job?
What is the problem with Andrew, according to Gerald Martin?
Do you consider it a problem too? Why?

Strategy

Spot

What do you know


about Andrew? Write
a list of sentences in
your notebook.
Link your sentences
using the words in
the Language Spot.
Make sure you follow
the model in
Exercise 11.

15 Organizing. You are going to write a short description of Andrew.


To plan your writing, follow the tips in the Strategy Spot.

16 Drafting. Use your notes to write a draft of your description of


Andrew in your notebook.

17 Editing. Exchange your draft with your partner and check for
mistakes.

18 Writing. Write the final version of your description in your notebook.


Then, read it aloud in your group or in front of the class.

LETS CHECK
19 Complete this dialog using the connectors in bold and your own
ideas.

(7 pts.)

A: What do you think about technology?


B: I think However ..
A: Whats the greatest modern invention? The computer or the cell
phone?
B: Although .. , I think the greatest is .. What about you?
A: Well, in my opinion While , the other is .
0-2
Keep trying!

3-4
Good!

5-6
Very good!

7
Excellent!

37

LESSON 2

POPULAR TEENAGE INVENTIONS

READING

BEFORE READING
1 In pairs, name a few recent inventions and tell your classmates how
they have changed daily life.

2 Which of these items do you think was invented or conceived by


Strategy

a teenager? What makes you think so? Explain.

Spot

Read the title of the


text on Page 39. What
main points do you
typically find in this
type of text?

3 You are going to read about two young inventors whose creativity is
making life a little easier for others. Have a look at the pictures and
choose the correct name for each invention.

a.
b.
c.
d.
Key Word Spot

clap
launch
skill
tool

38

UNIT 2

A translation glove.
Hands on hand-clap game.
The homework helper.
Quizlet.

4 Study the words in the Key Word Spot and look up their meaning in
a dictionary.

5 Have a quick look at the cognates in the texts. Can you identify two
alternatives you think are correct?
a.
b.
c.
d.

New technologies will help students.


This is a new videogame to play with friends.
This is a new toy that will allow kids to play alone.
A new online tool that can help you with your homework.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

READING

22

6 Read the text quickly and check your predictions in Exercises 3 and 5.

Ana Lingenfelder

POPULAR TEENAGE INVENTIONS

Strategy

Spot

As you read, underline


the main ideas in the
text. Then, organize
the main points in a
visual diagram or table
in your notebook.

_____
I. __________________
nia, won
ader from Hanover, Pennsylva
Ana Lingenfelder, an eighth-gr
she
se
-a-Toy World Games. Becau
a top award at the 2013 Invent
e
games but didnt always hav
always liked playing hand-clap
s to
kid
ws
allo
t
ented this game tha
someone to play with, Ana inv
play alone.
when
rd. A pair of hands lights up
The game is an electronic boa
time to the music.
players clap against them in
nt know
g about toys, but she really did
Ana had always loved thinkin
covered
Then, she and her mother dis
as.
ide
se
tho
h
wit
do
to
at
wh
actures
ine, a company which manuf
By Kids for Kids (bkfk.com) onl
and sells kids inventions.
product
del that shows what the final
mo
a
pe
toty
pro
a
de
ma
a
An
ention.
es to get a patent for her inv
will look-like and now she hop

Andrew Sutherland
II. __________________
_____
Two years ago, because Andre
w Sutherlands French
teacher gave him a list of 11
1 French animal names to
memorize, he had the idea to
apply his programming skills
to the problem.
Now Andrew, a junior at Alb
any High School, California,
has
just launched a website with
his final product: an online
memorization tool.
To use it, you enter the data
you need to memorize, be it
vocabulary words, history dat
es, or science facts. It turns
the
information into flash cards,
and then generates tests. Aft
er
you take a test, the program
retests you on the questions
you got wrong.
Andrew has some advice for
inventors: Look at your
everyday life, and invent som
ething to improve it a little bit
.
Adapted from: Bellis, M. (n.d.) Inventors. Retrieved April 24, 2013, from: http://
inventors.about.com/od/inventorsalphabet/tp/popularinventor.htm

39

7 Read the text again and choose the best alternative to complete
the sentences.

a. Who are the two inventors?


i. Two high school students.
ii. Two junior school students.
iii. A junior school student and a high school student.
b. Where are the two inventors from?
i. Both from the USA.
ii. Both from France.
iii. One from the USA and one from France.
c. Why did Ana invent the toy?
i. She always had friends to play with.
ii. She always had to play alone.
iii. She sometimes had to play alone.
d. What did Ana take to a toy company?
i. Her final product.
ii. A model of her invention.
iii. The patent of her invention.
e. Why did Andrew develop his invention?
i. He had to learn about animals.
ii. He had to learn a list of words.
iii. He had to practice programming skills.

8 Read the text again. Number the events about both inventions in
chronological order.

a. Anas invention
i. Ana always liked hand-clap games.
ii. Ana made a model of her invention
iii. Ana wants to get a patent.
iv. Ana didnt always have friends to play with.
v. Ana took her invention to a toy company.

LETS READ!

Reading booklet connection

Page 6
Read the extract of this
science fiction story
about technological
advances, and answer
the questions.

40

UNIT 2

b. Andrews invention
i. The program retests you on the questions
you got wrong.
ii. It generates tests.
iii. It turns the information into flash cards.
iv. To use this program, you enter the data.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

9 Read the text once more. Answer these questions and create two
more on your own. Write the new questions in your notebook.
a. What does bkfk stand for?
b. What is a prototype?

10 What motivated the young inventors profiled in the text? Share your
comments with your classmates. Have you ever felt motivated to
invent something? What was your motivation?

LANGUAGE SPOT
Because

Strategy

Spot

Make judgements.
Discuss in your group:
Do these inventions
contribute to the
world? Why?
Vote for the most
relevant invention.

1. Revise these sentences from the text and other examples.


Pay special attention to the word in bold.
a. Because she always liked playing hand-clap games but
didnt always have someone to play with, Ana invented
this game, that allows kids to play alone.
b. Jenny phoned me because she needed some advice.
2. Answer these questions.
a. What does the word because introduce? Choose an
alternative.
i. A contrast.
ii. A reason.
iii. A consequence.
NOTE: the order in which we can express the ideas
can vary.

41

11 Look at the photos. With your partner, take turns to connect each
pair of sentences (a f) using because orally. Then, write the
sentences in your notebook.

Example:
We didnt have our science class. The teacher was absent.
Because the teacher was absent, we didnt have our science class.
We didnt have our science class because the teacher was absent.

a. The children cant go to


the beach. Its raining.

b. Pauls car didnt start. It broke


down.

c. My sister got up early. She


has to study.

d. I cant eat that sandwich. Its


too big.

e. Sarah went to bed late. She is f. My father will arrive late


at work. He missed the bus.
sleepy.

42

UNIT 2

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

12 Complete these sentences with your own ideas.


Example: I got a good mark because I studied a lot.
a. I cant open the door because
b. She is studying English because
c. He isnt having dinner with us because
d. My sister is late because
e. The school team won the match because

.
.
.
.
.

LISTENING AND SPEAKING


13

23 Complete this dialog about the texts on Page 39 with your own
ideas. Then, compare it with the recording.
A: Which of the two inventions do you like the most?
B: I like the
.
A: Why?
. Do you agree?
B: Because I think its
.
A: Yes / No. I think
B: Why do you say that?
.
A: Well, because in my opinion, it

14 Practice the dialog with your partner taking turns to be A and B.


Then, role play it in front of your classmates.

15 Choose one of these inventions and create a dialog of your own,

following the example in Exercise 13. Use the phrases in the Useful
Expressions Spot in your conversation.

Strategy

Spot

Listen and react:


How similar or different
were your own ideas?
Do you agree with the
people in the
conversation?

Useful Expressions Spot

I prefer the car over the


laptop.
The reason for this is ...
Yes, I agree with you /
No, I dont think so.

43

LETS CHECK
16 Put the ideas together using because. Use because at the
beginning of four of your sentences.

Strategy

Spot

Draw a table in your


notebook that includes
the following
categories:
My own device
Characteristics
Why it is relevant

a.
b.
c.
d.

(4 pts.)

Jim was hot and tired. He sat under a tree in the garden.
My mother drank some tea. She was very thirsty.
Susan hurried up. She was late for school.
The weather is cold. He is wearing a heavy coat.

17 In pairs, choose one of these teen inventions and describe them


orally using corresponding vocabulary in the box.
launch

electronic board

online tool

(4 pts.)

toy

programming skills

clap

light up

Hands on hand-clap game

flashcards

Quizlet

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

Have you checked your


work for punctuation marks,
such as question marks,
exclamation marks,
commas, etc.?
Sentences
Can you add any words to
make them more
interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your
work for spelling mistakes?
Vocabulary
Use your dictionary to check
that the words you have
used are appropriate in
context.

0-2
Keep trying!

3-4
Good!

5-6
Very good!

7-8
Excellent!

WRITING
18 Organizing. You are going to write a short description of a device

you know or you would like to create. In your composition, you have
to explain why you think your invention is important. To plan your
writing, use the strategy in the Strategy Spot.

19 Drafting. Write a draft of your description in your notebook. Make


sure you use because to introduce reasons. Follow these steps:
a. Use your notes in your table.
b. Write a list of useful connectors to link your ideas.
c. Write a short paragraph (about 100 words) describing the
device.

20 Editing. Use the Editing Checklist to check your work for mistakes.
21 Writing. Write a final version on a sheet of paper and exchange
your description with your partners.

44

UNIT 2

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

REAL LIFE

SPOT

TIONS
ACCIDENTAL INVEN

The microwave
n
In 1945 Percy Lebaro
Spencer, an American
,
engineer and inventor
was busy
manufacturing
magnetrons, the
devices used to
e radio signals that
produce the microwav
s a very
radar use. Radar wa
were integral to early
r. However,
during the time of wa
important innovation
l discovery.
s a purely accidenta
wa
g
in
ok
co
e
av
ow
cer
micr
ning magnetron, Spen
tio
nc
fu
a
by
ng
di
an
While st
et had
olate bar in his pock
noticed that the choc
at it was the
d soon figured out th
in
m
en
ke
s
Hi
.
ed
elt
m
r
caused this, and late
microwaves that had
entually, an
ev
pcorn kernels and
experimented with po
.
egg, which exploded

TAKE ACTION!
An original invention
a. Work in groups of four people and prepare a brief presentation about
an original invention.
b. In your group, choose an inventor. It can be one of those listed at
www.invent.org. (Go to the Hall of Fame link, far left, and search by
inventor or invention) or you can use your library, encyclopedias, etc.
c. Write a short paragraph about the inventor and his / her invention.
Include information about what sparked the idea and what steps the
inventor took to go from idea to reality.
d. If it is possible, add visual material to illustrate your presentation.
e. Present the information to your classmates.
10-17

For extra practice of Unit 2, complete the activities in the Workbook.

45

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION


1 Look for information about the inventions in the pictures. Then, copy and complete the fact file
in your notebook.

Name of invention

Name of inventor
Place of invention
Year
Additional information

2 Your personal invention.


a.
b.
c.
d.

46

Think of something really fantastic you would like to invent.


Give it a name, state its purpose, list the materials needed and then describe it.
Write the description on a piece of cardboard.
Make a sketch of your invention and stick it on the cardboard, as in the example.

UNIT 2

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

3 In your group, create a puzzle with the words in the boxes. Number the spaces for each word

in the puzzle and write a numbered list of definitions (across and down). Then, exchange your
puzzles with other groups and solve them.
Example:
1

Across:
1. a device which allows you to operate something from a distance

airplane
credit card
Mp3 player

automobile
Internet

cell phone

2005

1995

1986

1983

compact disc

electric typewriter

refrigerator

1980

1973

1956

1940

1927

1920

1911

1900
1901
1902
1903

4 Look for information about these important 20th century inventions, and complete the timeline.

television

Correction pen

vacuum cleaner

5 Choose one of the inventions in Exercise 3. Look for information about the inventor and write
his / her biography. Present your work to your classmates.

6 Read the paragraph ignoring the gaps. Then, circle the best option to complete the text with the
corresponding connectors.

Ancient technology
The most important ancient civilizations developed (because / though / and) they had their own
inventors. (Because / Although/ However) it is true that these civilizations existed centuries ago, their
amazing technology was the result of incredible advances in engineering in ancient times. (While /
Though / Because) these advances were developing, they stimulated societies to adopt new ways of
living and governance. (Although / Because/ However) , many ancient inventions were forgotten, lost
to the pages of history, only to be re-invented many thousands of years later.

47

UNIT CHECK
READING

24

THE LIFE OF A TEEN INVENTOR


By Caitlin Watson of Verde Magazine

Spencer Davis creates all types of inventions in


his garage. He is a big fan of do-it-yourself
inventing, which requires little more than a few
pieces of trash, drugstore supplies, and a lot of
imagination.
Spencers passion for inventing began in eighth
grade. Before that, he had done some experiments
with barbecue skewers and rubber bands. Since
then, his creations have improved in design,
appearance, and technology.
Over the years, Spencer has designed bunkers,
tree houses, robots, and caffeinated cereal.
Besides, Spencer also enjoys sillier types of
inventing; he has fixed an old tape player to put
his iPod inside and play it through the tape.
Another high-voltage creation is what Spencer
calls the glove. In essence, it is a leather glove
with a battery and disposable camera parts wrapped
in electrical tape.

Although Spencers mother


expresses some worries about
his inventions, she is very
supportive of Spencers hobby.
For him, inventing is a
constructive activity and its
good for teens who might be involved in more
destructive hobbies. He dedicates about six hours
every weekend to work on his inventions. Then, he
blows off steam and gets new inspirations by
playing video games.
For the summer, Spencer has plans to build an
electric boat powered entirely by solar panels.
Spencer hopes to continue inventing through college
and perhaps turn his experimentations into a career.
Inventing is an investment, Spencer says.
Some of the inventions will work and others wont,
but in the end, you will be satisfied. Ill definitely
be making stuff forever.

Adapted from: Watson, C. (2008, June 10) The life of a teen inventor. The Paly Voice.
Retrieved January 10, 2013, from: http://palyvoice.com/node/19898

1 Read the text once. What type of text is this?


a. A biography.
b. An advertisement.

1 pt.

c. An article.
d. A short story.

2 Read the text again and find the answers to these questions.

4 pts.

a. What kind of materials do Spencers inventions require?


b. What things has he designed over the years?
c. What does he think about inventing?
d. How does he get new inspiration for his inventions?

3 Read the text again and find the following information.


a. Place in which Spencer develops his inventions.
b. Name of his most electrical creation.
c. Time Spencer dedicates to his inventions.
d. Invention that Spencer will develop during his holiday.

48

UNIT 2

4 pts.

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

4 Read the text once more. Choose the best alternative to complete the sentences.

5 pts.

a. Spencer Daviss inventions require


i. a lot of drugstore supplies.
ii. a lot of imagination and a few pieces of trash.
b. Spencers passion for inventions began when he was
i. a little boy.
ii. in junior school.
c. Over the years, Spencer has designed
i. a lot of silly things.
ii. a variety of things.
d. Spencers mother is
i. very worried but proud.
ii. a bit worried but supportive.
e. Spencer thinks that he
i. will continue inventing things when he enters college.
ii. will stop inventing things when he enters college.

LISTENING - THE GARBAGE EATER AND THE HUMAN ROBOT


5

25 Listen to the recording. What type of text is this?


a. A conversation.
b. A lecture.

1 pt.

c. An advertisement.
d. A report.

25 Listen to the recording again and choose the correct alternative.

4 pts.

a. The Garbage Eater 200 / 2000 is an easier way to recycle.


b. Hammers inside the machine pound the garbage in five / fifteen minutes.
c. Lydia, tell us about your walk / work.
d. I made / mailed one that looks just like me.

25 Listen to the recording again. Check () the correct column can or cant.
Can

6 pts.

Cant

The garbage
eater

change garbage into drugs or alcohol.

The human
robot

clean the house.

change garbage into a human or an animal.


help with homework.

49

25 Listen to the description of the Garbage Eater 2000 and put the actions in
the correct sequence.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

3 pts.

Finally the object wanted is produced.


Hammers inside the machine pound the garbage.
The machine re-shapes the garbage.
Two rods melt the garbage at a temperature of 2000 C.
You decide how many pieces you need the eater to suck up.
You type in what you want the garbage to turn into.

LANGUAGE
9 Use the ideas in A and B and the linking words in the box to form full sentences.
Although

because

A
It was raining.
Glenda is a clever student.
All the shops are closed.
The new student is very good
at grammar.
My sister has blue eyes.

besides

however

5 pts.

while

B
My eyes are brown.
The match was postponed.
She she didn't receive a
scholarship.
It is a holiday.
She is very good at writing.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

SPEAKING
10 In pairs, exchange information about an imaginary invention. Ask / say its

name, where you got the idea, the materials you used and why it is useful in
everyday life.

8 pts.

WRITING
11 Write a description (120 150 words) of a gadget or a device you find useful

for everyday life. Include information about its functions and the reason it is
useful for you. Dont forget to combine your ideas with linking words, such as:
although, however, though, while.

0 - 13
Keep trying!

50

UNIT 2

14 - 28
Good!

29 - 43
Very good!

8 pts.

49 pts.
TOTAL
44 - 49
Excellent!

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

PROJECT
Greatest inventions of all times
History and Science

1 Choose three inventions all along human history that you think

have changed peoples lives forever. To search for information, use


the Internet, encyclopedias and what you have learned in History
and Science.

2 Find information about: the name of the invention, its description

and its purpose, the name of the inventor, the place and the year of
the invention, and any other interesting facts you want to include.

3 Use your findings and the contents of this unit to prepare a short
webpage article.

4 Write or type your article on a sheet of paper and add images and a
timeline to illustrate your work. Keep in mind the format of a
webpage article!

5 Display your work in the classroom. If possible, upload your article


on the web.

Checklist
Reflect upon your project and check () under the correct column.
Very well

Well

Not so well

I followed the instructions carefully.


I collected information from different sources.
I participated actively.
I contributed to my classmates learning.

51

UNIT
MUSIC AND
LITERATURE
In this unit you will:
read a chat conversation
read book reviews
listen to a television program
listen to an extract from a story
You will learn how to:
Reading
distinguish general and specific information
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information
identify the type of text

Listening
infer mood of speakers
relate speakers and speech
discriminate sounds
Language
use modal verbs must, have to, need to
use the Passive Voice
Speaking
express necessity, no necessity, obligation
talk about books

Writing
write a book review
write questions and answers in a chat room
You will also:
assess and appreciate the value of music and
literature
develop respect for the role of music and
literature as means of communication

GETTING READY
1 In your group, write a list of all the literary genres and music styles you know. Then, complete
this chart in your notebook and decide which are your favorite ones.
Music

Literature

2 Compare your chart with other groups and share new words. Then look up the meanings of the
words you do not know in an English-English dictionary and write a glossary in your notebook.

3 Imagine you are lost on an island in the middle of the ocean. Choose a book and a music

album you would like to have with you. Share your comments in your group, giving reasons for
your choice.

52

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

53

BEFORE YOU START


LESSON 1

NEW STARS

1 In pairs, solve this crossword and find out how much you know about music.
Across
2. a regular repeated pattern
of sounds
3. an arrangement of
sounds in patterns
6. played or performed by
only one person

4
3

Down
1. the words of a song
3. a person who plays or
writes music, especially
as a job
4. a part of a song that is
sung after each verse
5. a short piece of music
with words

2 Work in your group. Complete this chart with the names of bands and singers you know,

according to the kind of music they interpret. Then, compare your work with another group.
Rock'n Roll

54

UNIT 3

Heavy Metal

Classical

Pop

Rap

MUSIC AND LITERATURE


Before starting this unit, you need to know:
Refer to present actions performed by an agent in the present.
Active sentences and Present Tense

LESSON 2

WE WANT YOU TO READ

1 In pairs, look at the book covers below and match them with a genre from the boxes.
Biography
Economy

Childrens stories
History

Cuisine

Love novel

Drama

Science fiction

2 Read these three extracts and decide which books (in Exercise 1) they belong to. How can
you tell? Discuss with your partner.
a.
People will shed a flood of tears that will drown the wind like a horrible downpour
of rain. I cant spur myself to action. The only thing motivating me is ambition, which
makes people rush ahead of themselves toward disaster.
b.

c.

Rub the turkey inside and out with the kosher salt. Place the bird in a large stock
pot, and cover with cold water.
In 1843, he wrote his novel The Life and Adventures of Martin
Chuzzlewit, a story about a mans struggle to survive on the
ruthless American frontier. The book was published the
following year.

55

LESSON 1

NEW STARS

LISTENING
BEFORE LISTENING

1 Work with your partner. In your notebook, write a list of radio and
TV programs related to music that you know. Share your list with
other pairs.

Strategy

Spot

Before you listen, read


the questions in the
Listening section and
take notes on the
following points:
People talking in the
conversation.
Why they are talking.

2 Read the name of the lesson. What do you think it is? Check ().
a.
b.
c.
d.

A well-known music academy.


A reality TV show.
A radio program.
A famous award for young people.

3 Read the words in the Key Word Spot and match them with their

Key Word Spot

audience
coach
contestant
fit
pretend

56

UNIT 3

meaning (a e).
a. a person who takes part in a competition.
b. somebody who gives private lessons.
c. the group of people who watch or listen to something
(a program, a concert, etc.)
d. to behave in a particular way to make people believe something
that is not true.
e. to put something in the right place.

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

LISTENING
4

28 Listen to the recording and check your prediction in Exercise 2.

28 Listen to the recording again. Where was it taken from?

a. A music lesson.

c. A TV show.

Spot

As you listen, answer:


Exercise 5: what
sound clues can help
you identify the right
answer?
Exercise 6: listen for
each name in the
recording and take
notes of the
occupations that are
mentioned later.
Exercise 7: underline
the key words in each
question. Listen and
identify other key
words in the
recording.

d. An advertisement.

28 Listen to the recording again. Match the peoples names (a c)


and their jobs (i - iii).
a. Spencer
b. Savannah
c. Adam

b. A radio program.

Strategy

i. Voice coach
ii. Songwriting coach
iii. Director

28 Listen to the recording again and answer these questions.


a. What will people learn to do at the academy?
b. What will happen if the participants get the lowest number
of votes?
c. How do people feel when they get to perform their own songs?

57

28 Listen to the recording. Who says each of these sentences,


Spencer, Savannah or Adam?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Strategy

Summarize the
conversation in a
sentence:
I listened to a recording
of a conversation in
which ...

28 Listen to the recording once more and match the questions


(a d) with the answers (i iv).
a.
b.
c.
d.

Spot

10

: You will spend three months with us.


: Some of you can really sing like a star.
: Only a few people can be a composer.
: All our coaches are great.
: You dont need to be a poet.
: Everyone here can sing.

What are the students obligations?


What is Savannah going to do?
What is important for Adam?
What do many contestants say?
i. Help contestants find their special voice.
ii. That performing their songs is great.
iii. To obey the rules and attend all the classes.
iv. To fit the words to the music.

28 Answer these questions in your group and then share answers


with another group.
a. Do you know any similar Chilean TV programs?
b. What are / were they called?
c. Why do people participate in these contests? Would you do it?
Why?

58

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

LANGUAGE SPOT
Expressing quantity

1. Read these sentences from the text. Pay special attention to the
words in bold.
a. All of our coaches are great.
b. Thats not much time.
c. You will spend many weeks at the New Stars music academy.
d. Some of you can really sing like a star.
e. Only a few people can become composers.
2. What do the words in bold express?
a. quality
b. quantity
c. frequency
3. Copy and complete this general rule in your notebook.
,
We use words such as
to express
.

NOTE:
We use a few to refer to countable things and a little to refer to
uncountable things.
We use many to refer to countable things, often in negative and
interrogative sentences.
We use much to refer to uncountable things, often in negative and
interrogative sentences.

11 Complete what these two teens say using much, many, a lot of,
some, and a few.
Anne:

I dont have
money but I have
friends.
money when we go out, but we
We dont spend
always have a good time!
pets and I dont have
time for
Malcom: I have
anything else. I only have
friends because
I prefer my pets!

LETS CHECK
12 In your notebook, write four sentences about your classmates and

their interests, expressing quantity.


Example: There are only a few of my friends who like soccer.(8 pts.)

0-2
Keep trying!

3-4
Good!

5-7
Very good!

8
Excellent!

59

ORAL PRACTICE
13

29 In pairs, complete this dialog between two students at the New


Stars Academy. Use the clues in the boxes. Then, check with
the recording.

attend all the classes


I'd like to know

six weeks
A:
B:
A:
B:

Useful Expressions Spot

Excuse me.
Let me introduce
myself.
Im ... Im new here ...
Many thanks!

Can I ask you


must obey

to work hard

need to

Tell me about

us to develop our talents

Hi!
a few questions? Im new here, you see.
know?
Sure! What do you
how long were going to stay here.
Well,
, and then well learn to
Well stay here for
sing and compose.

A:
B: We
their rules and
our coaches.
A:
B: They are great! They help
.

14

How about the rules?

.
, but we need

29 Listen to the recording and practice the dialog with a partner.


Role play it in front of the class. You can also use the expressions
in the Useful Expressions Spot.

READING AND WRITING


15 Have a look at the texts you are going to read and answer these
questions in your notebook.

a. What type of texts are they? How can you tell?


i. Poems
ii. Songs
iii. Rhymes
iv. Riddles
b. Take a quick look at the texts on Page 61 (skim). What topic do
you think they are related to? Why?
c. Look at the texts again. Circle the words they have in common.
Which topic are these words related to?

60

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

Thats what friends are for


(Dionne Warwick)

And I never thought I'd feel this way,


And as far as I'm concerned
I'm glad I got the chance to say
That I do believe I love you.
And if I should ever go away,
Well, then close your eyes and try
To feel the way we do today
And then, if you can, remember.
Chorus
Keep smiling, keep shining,
Knowing you can always count on me, for sure;
That's what friends are for.
In good times and bad times
I'll be on your side forever more;
That's what friends are for.
Well, you came and opened me
And now there's so much more I see
And so, by the way, I thank you.
And then, for the times when we're apart,
Well then, close your eyes and know
These words are coming from my heart;
And then, if you can, remember.
Chorus
Keep smiling, keep shining,
Knowing you can always count on me, for sure;
That's what friends are for.
In good times and bad times
I'll be on your side forever more;
That's what friends are for.
Taken from: Warwick, D. Thats what friends
are for. Retrieved November 18, 2012, from
http://www.lyricsdepot.com/dionne-warwick/
thats-what-friends-are-for.html

Gift of a friend
Demi Lovato

Sometimes you think you'll be fine by yourself


Cause a dream is a wish you make all alone;
It's easy to feel like you dont need help,
But its harder to walk on your own.
Chorus
You'll change inside when you realize
The world comes to life and everythings bright;
From beginning to end when you have a friend by your side
That helps you to find the beauty you are;
When you open your heart and believe in the gift of a friend,
The gift of a friend
Someone who knows when youre lost and youre scared,
And theyre through the highs and the lows;
Someone you can count on, someone who cares,
Beside you wherever youll go.
Chorus
You'll change inside when you realize
The world comes to life and everythings bright;
From beginning to end when you have a friend by your side
That helps you to find the beauty you are
When you open your heart and believe in the gift of a friend.
And when your hope crashes down
Shattering to the ground, you, you feel all alone;
When you dont know which way to go
And there's no signs leading you home, you're not alone.
Chorus
The world comes to life and everythings bright;
From beginning to end when you have a friend by your side
That helps you to find the beauty you are
When you open your heart and believe in,
When you believe in, when you believe in the gift of a friend.
Taken from: Lovato, D. Retrieved November 18,
2012, from http://www.lyricsdepot.com/demilovato/gift-of-a-friend.html

61

16 Read the lyrics quickly and check your ideas in Exercise 15.
17 Read the first lyrics again and answer the following questions.
a. Who do you think inspired this song?
b. How did the author feel when she wrote it? Why do you
think so?
c. How is the song organized? Take a look at it again.

18 Read the second lyrics again and answer these questions.


a. Is it related to the first song? How?
b. Is it organized in the same way?
c. What message does the chorus want to transmit?
d. Read the third verse of the lyrics once more. According to it,
what characteristics does a friend have?
A friend is a person who

19 Organizing. Work in pairs. You are going to write one or two verses
of the lyrics of a song. To plan your writing, follow these steps:

a. Select a topic that you like or that is important to you. (It can be
anything you want, such as a breakup, a current relationship, a
bad day, happiness, etc).
b. Write a list of ideas that come to your mind, related to the topic
you chose.
c. Think about the rhyme you would like to use.

20 Drafting. Write a draft of your songs verses in your notebook.

Make sure you use poetic devices. Use the songs on Page 61 as
a model.

21 Editing. Exchange your verses with other groups. Check that

your composition has a similar style to that of the model songs on


Page 61.

22 Writing. Write the final version of your verses on a piece of colored


cardboard and display it on a visible place of your classroom.
Finally, find a melody for your song. It can be something that pops
into your head or something that another band has written. If
possible, record the song or sing it live in front of your classmates.

62

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

GAME

SPOT

Apply the Truth Questionnaire to two of your classmates.


a. Copy the questionnaire into your notebook.
b. Choose two classmates and ask them these questions.
c. Write down their answers.
The Truth Questionnaire

Name:

Name:

How many friends do you have?


How much time do you spend with your friends?
What do most of your classmates do on weekends?
What do a lot of parents worry about?
What are many of your friends going to study at
the university?
Do you spend a lot of money when you go out?
How many of your friends are interested in politics?
How much time do you spend at school?
How many of your friends are an only child?
How much money do you usually have by the end of
the month?

23 Write two short paragraphs describing your classmates, using the

information you collected when applying the questionnaire. Follow


these steps:
- Make a list of all the answers, classified by person.
- Write a draft of each paragraph, one per person.
- Join your ideas with connectors, such as or, but, or and.
- Write a final version of your paragraphs and read them aloud to
your classmates.
Example: Michael has many friends, and he spends a lot of time
with them...

63

LESSON 2

WE WANT YOU TO READ!

READING

BEFORE READING
1 In your group, ask and answer questions to fill in this chart of
favorites. Compare answers.

a. Do you have a favorite book? Which one?


b. What is your favorite literary genre?
c. Who is your favorite author?
Name of Student
Strategy

Book

Author

Literary Genre

Spot

Read the title of the


text. Why do you think
the author describes
the city of Oz as
'wonderful'? What do
you know about Oz?

2 Look at the pictures. Do you know these people? What do they

have in common? Have you ever read one of their works? Discuss
with your partner.

Isabel Allende

Marcela Paz

Isaac Asimov

Stephanie Meyer

J.R.R. Tolkien

J.K. Rowling

3 Have a look at the text and illustrations on Page 66. Which of these
genres does the book belong to?

64

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

4 Match each name (a f) with the corresponding book cover (1 6).


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

A Hundred Years of Solitude.


Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.
Kingdom of the Golden Dragon.
Papelucho and the Alien.
The Lord of the Rings.
The Movies of my Life.

5 Take a look a the text and find the words in the Key Word Spot.

Can you infer their meaning? Read the full sentences, so as to get
the whole context. Discuss with your partner.

6 Read the text again. Number these events in the order they are
mentioned in the story.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Key Word Spot

Dazzled
Lead
Marble
Pane
Screen

Dorothy and her friends passed through the Palace Gates.


Dorothy and her friends arrived at the City of Oz.
The Guardian of the Gates led them through the streets.
Dorothy and her friends walked over green pavement.
Dorothy saw that everything in the shops was green.
They came to the Palace of the Great Wizard Oz.

65

READING

30

l
u
w
f
r
i
e
z
d
n
a
z
o
O
w
r
d
f
o
e
h
T

Chapter 11 (Excerpt) - The Wonderful City of Oz


Dorothy and her friends were dazzled by the brilliancy of the wonderful
City. The streets were lined with beautiful houses all built of green marble.
They walked over pavement of the same green marble, and where the
blocks were joined together, there were rows of emeralds. The window
panes were of green glass; even the sky above the City had a green tint and
the rays of the sun were green.
There were many people with greenish skins walking about, all dressed in
green clothes. They looked at Dorothy and her strange company with
wondering eyes and the children all ran away when they saw the Lion, but
no one spoke to them.

Dorothy saw that everything in the shops was green. Green candy and
green pop corn were offered for sale, as well as green shoes, green hats,
and green clothes of all sorts. A man was selling green lemonade and
when the children bought it, they paid for it with green pennies.
Everyone seemed happy, contented, and prosperous.
The Guardian of the Gates led them through the streets until they
came to the Palace of the Great Wizard Oz. There was a soldier before
the door, dressed in a green uniform and wearing a long green beard.
These strangers demand to see the Great Oz said the Guardian of
the Gates to him.
I will carry your message to him.
They passed through the Palace Gates and were led into a big room with a
green carpet and lovely green furniture set with emeralds.
Please make yourselves comfortable while I go to the door of the
Throne Room and tell Oz you are here.
When he came back, Dorothy asked: Have you seen Oz?
Oh, no, replied the soldier; I have never seen him, but I spoke to him
as he sat behind his screen and gave him your message. He said he will
grant you an audience, if you so desire, but each one of you must enter
his presence alone and he will admit only one each day. Therefore, as you
must remain in the Palace for several days, I will have to show you the
rooms where you may rest in comfort after your journey.
Adapted from: Baum, F. L. (1900, May 17) The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Chapter 11, The Wonderful City of
Oz. Excerpt. Retrieved March 7, 2012, from http://www.literature.org/authors/baum-l-frank/the-wonderfulwizard-of-oz/

66

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

7 Read the text again and answer these questions.


a. Who are the protagonists in this excerpt?
b. What is the main characteristic of the city they are visiting?
c. How do the people in the city seem to be?
Strategy

8 Read the text once more and complete this event map.
a. Place

b. Time

Spot

Create your own


questions about the
text. This will help you
maximize your
comprehension. In
your notebook, write
two questions about
the excerpt.

Event map
c. Characters

d. End

9 Complete the dialog with your own ideas. Then, add two more

questions and say it aloud in your group. Use the expressions in


the Useful Expressions Spot.
A: Do you have a favorite book?
.
B: Yes, I like
C: And what is your favorite genre?
A: I think its
. And whos your
favorite author?
.
A: My favorite author is
C: Mine is
.

LETS READ!

Reading booklet connection

Page 8
Read the extract of this
short story about a pianist
and answer the questions.

Useful Expressions Spot

The reason I like ... is


....
One of the important
things about ... is ...
What I like about ... is
...

67

LANGUAGE SPOT
The Passive Voice

1. Read these sentences paying special attention to the verb form


in bold.
a. The main role of the story is played by Dorothy.
b. The story begins when Dorothy is carried by a tornado.
c. The streets were lined with beautiful houses.
d. Green candy and green popcorn were offered for sale.
2. Discuss these questions in pairs.
a. What is special about this structure?
b. Why is it used?
c. What is the pattern?
d. How can you indicate a change of time, a different tense?
3. Complete this general rule.
voice is used when the focus is on the
The
. It is not important or not known; however, who, or what
is performing the action.
4. Look at these examples of the Active voice and the Passive Voice.
Are the subjects performing or receiving the action? Discuss with
your partner.
a. Active voice: These strangers demand to see the great Oz.
b. Passive voice: Dorothy and her friends were dazzled...

10 What do you think happened next? Take a look at the text again
and think about how the story continued.

a. Imagine four or five facts that took place in the story when
Dorothy and her friends were received by the Wizard of Oz.
Write four or five sentences describing what you imagined in
your notebook. Make sure you use the passive voice in your
sentences.
b. In pairs, exchange your lists of sentences and check for meaning
and language. Pay special attention to the use of passive voice
and correct mistakes if necessary.
c. Use your notes and this model to write a paragraph describing
what you think happened next in the story. Include connectors
where appropriate in order to link your ideas. Write the
paragraph in your notebook.
The day Dorothy and her friends were received by the Wizard
They felt very ... and thought that ... because ... Then, ...
Finally, ...

68

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

11 Complete these sentences using the Passive Voice and the


verbs in brackets.

a. Letters
(deliver ) by the postman at 8
every day.

(find ) at
b. This bag
the bus-stop yesterday
evening.

c. A lot of English grammar


books
(sell )
every year.

d. This portrait of Diego Rivera


(paint ) by
Frida Kahlo.

LETS CHECK
12 Complete these sentences in the Passive voice, using the verbs in

brackets. Ex: The bathroom is cleaned 3 times a day.


(8 pts.)
a. Those books
(write) by experienced authors.
(draw ) by well-known artists.
b. The illustrations
(use ) to teach students how to
c. This program
write stories.
(sell ) by established bookshops.
d. Most of our books

0-2
Keep trying!

3-4
Good!

5-6
Very good!

7-8
Excellent!

69

LISTENING AND SPEAKING


Strategy

Spot

Listen to the
conversation again. As
you listen, take notes
of your own answers .
You don't need to write
long sentences. You
can only use words.

13

31 In pairs, use the expressions in the boxes to complete this


conversation about The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. Then, listen to the
recording and check.

amazing and incredible


fantasy stories

beautifully described

science-fiction
very intelligent

Mark:
Sylvia:
Mark:
Sylvia:
Mark:
Sylvia:
Mark:

extraordinary

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz


very interesting

Hi, Sylvia! What are you reading?


. Have you read it?
Its the most
book Ive ever read!
too; the characters are
.
I find it
Oh, yes. Dorothy is very,
.
And the places are
. I love
!
I like them too, but I prefer
.

14 Practice the dialog above with your partner, using information that is
true for you. Then, roleplay it in front of the class.

WRITING
15 Have a look at this review. Find the name of the review section for
each definition.
: the best, most interesting or most exciting part
a.
of something.
: the main character in a play, movie, or book.
b.
: the person who wrote a particular book.
c.
: the series of events which form the story.
d.

Kaspar, Prince of Cats

32

Author: Michael Morpurgo


Characters: Although this book is called Kaspar, Prince of Cats, the story is really about
a boy called Johnny Trott, who works at a hotel in London. Hes an orphan and works
really hard. Prince Kaspar Kandinsky, Prince of Cats, comes to stay with his interesting
owner, Countess Kandinsky. They befriend Johnny and then the adventures begin.
Plot: Johnnys life changes when he meets the Countess and Kaspar. He looks after the
magnificent cat and he makes friends with LizzieBeth, an American guest. Pretty soon,
events take Johnny and Kaspar all around the world.
Highlights: The story is so good that if you start it, youll want to keep on reading.
You will feel as if you were the protagonist. And there are some really cool
illustrations to go with it.

70

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

16 Have a look at the review again.


a. Identify the paragraphs in which these themes are mentioned.
i. Description of main characters.
ii. Writers personal opinion.
iii. Description of main events.
b. Underline the expressions the writer uses to introduce his / her
personal opinion.

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

18 Drafting. To write a draft of your book review, use your notes and

Have you checked your work


for punctuation marks, such
as question marks,
exclamation marks, commas,
etc.?
Sentences
Can you add any words to
make them more interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your work
for spelling mistakes?
Vocabulary

19 Editing. Use the Editing Checklist to check your work for mistakes.

Use your dictionary to check


that the words you have used
are appropriate in context.

17 Organizing. You are going to write a review of a book you like. To


plan your writing, find information about the following points and
write a list in your notebook.
- Name
- Author
- Characters
- Plot
- Highlights.
follow the model on Page 70. Write the draft in your notebook.

20 Writing. Write a final version of the review on a separate sheet of


paper. Add a picture of the books cover, to illustrate it. Finally,
exchange reviews with your classmates. If possible, publish it on
your class blog or notice board.

Strategy

Spot

Make a list of the


mistakes you have
made and ask your
teacher to help you
categorize them (verb
tenses, punctuation,
etc.). This will help you
create your own editing
checklist to edit future
compositions.

TAKE ACTION!
A chat with a star.
a. Think about a famous young artist you would like to chat with.
b. Write a short piece of chat with the questions you would like
to ask and his / her answers.
c. Role play the interview in front of your classmates.

18-25

For extra practice of Unit 3, complete the activities in the Workbook.

71

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION


1 A new character.- In groups of four students, read the text on Page 66 again, and think of a
new character for the story.

- Write a full description of your character, including physical descriptions and details of his/her
personality. Don't forget to give him/her a name. You can also draw him/her.
- Write a short paragraph, explaining the role of this character in the story.
- Share your descriptions with the rest of the class.
List of characteristics

Paragraph describing the


character (using connectors)

Share the description with


the class

2 Imagine you are participating in the New Stars TV show.


a. Write an e-mail to a friend or to your parents telling them about your experiences at
the academy.
b. Include information about:
i. your duties;
ii. your activities;
iii. your coaches;
iv. any other interesting points you may want to include.

72

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

3 Complete this chart about famous books. Would you like to read them? In your notebook,
number them from 1 to 8, in order of priority, and explain your priorities to your partner.
Name

Author

Characters

Emilio Salgari

Sandokan

Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire


Romeo and Juliet
20,000 Leagues under the Sea
J.R.R. Tolkien
Papelucho
Meg, Jo, Beth, Amy and Laurie

Little Women
C.S. Lewis

Aslan, White Witch, Peter, Susan,


Edmund, Lucy

4 Copy this word map in your notebook. Complete it with words from this unit and add other

words you know. After this, compare your map to your partner's, and complement it with his/her
information. Create a final version with the whole class, draw it on a big piece of cardboard and
paste it on a wall in your classroom.

Styles

Professions
Music

Instruments

People
Famous songs

5 Read your notes in Exercise 1 again and tell your partner about your character. Make sure you
describe your characters appearance and personality and you refer to his/her role in the story.

73

UNIT CHECK
READING: SPOTLIGHT ON BEVERLEY KNIGHT

33

Singer and songwriter Beverley Knight began singing in church and she has performed in local
clubs since her late teens. Read this chat conversation between Beverly and some of her fans.
Beverley Knight
More

H2o:
Bk:

How did you start out in music?


I started quite by accident. I had always sung, in church and
in school, and I was asked to be part of the entertainment at
a birthday party for a local radio station. Being a teenager,
I said yeah! And that was how I started!
Kellieg: What inspires you to write?
Bk:
When I put pen to paper, Ive always got something to say
because thats how I feel. When Im writing songs, its about
an event that happened to me or something close to
my heart.
Rachel: I was wondering if you could tell me how you write songs.
Bk:
Writing what I feel and how I feel is what I write about every
day.
Rona: What kind of music do you like?
Bk:
Ah, my musical tastes are very diverse: from Outkast to Fly
and Stone, from Prince to Nirvana and Coldplay. I think
Alicia Keys is a great artist. I like a little bit of pop as well.
Rita:
I really want to be a singer and be in films like Harry Potter,
but the main thing is I dont know how to achieve my
dreams.
Bk:
Dont worry. It may be that your school or youth club have
things like a drama club, a dance class, something like that
you can get into. That would be a fantastic place to start,
somewhere to build up your confidence and obviously your
ability. Then, you can specify exactly what you want to go
into, acting, or singing, or dancing. You should try your hand
at everything: dance class, drama class. If your schools got
a production, it would be always brilliant to get yourself
started, get out there in front of an audience. There are
always talent scouts about.

Created by: Publishing team.

74

UNIT 3

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

1 Read the text and answer these questions, in your notebook.


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5 pts.

What does Beverly Knight do?


When did she start singing?
Where does she take her inspiration from?
Does she have a favorite musical genre?
Who does Beverly think is a great artist?

2 Read the text again and choose the right answer.

3 pts

a. Since she began singing, Beverly has become a great name in the
European / British / American industry.
b. Up to now, she has won an important award / no awards at all / two very
important awards.
c. She writes once a week / once a day / twice a week.

3 Read the text again and find this information.


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Place where Beverly began singing:


Prizes she has won:
Event in which she was invited to participate:
Two famous bands she likes:
Places she suggests for starting a career:

.
.
.
.
.

5 pts

LISTENING - DISCUSSING THE RULES


4

34 Listen to two people talking about the New Stars Academy. Choose the
correct alternative for each sentence.
I wouldnt / couldnt get to the meeting.
Well stay here for three months / weeks.
Each week we will perform one of our own songs on a radio / TV show.
If you get the highest / lowest number of votes
Performing my own songs will be a great feeling / filling.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5 pts

34 Listen to the recording again. Number the questions in the order you hear them.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

6 pts

Are there any rules?


Can I ask you a few questions?
Can you explain that, please?
What else would you like to know?
What happens if we can't sing like stars?
What would you like to know?

75

34 Listen to the recording once more. Complete each sentence with one word.
a. Im
here.
b. We must obey all the rules and attend all the
are great!
c. Our
.
d. Everyone here can

2 pts.

LANGUAGE
7 Complete these sentences with much, many, or any.

5 pts.

a. Sarah hasnt visited


places in her life, just 2 or 3.
people around the world.
b. These comic books are read by
these last
c. The director of the academy hasnt been around
few weeks.
new songs lately?
d. Have you heard

8 Write sentences in the Passive Voice. Eg. Queen's park is visited by many people
everyday.
a.
b.
c.
d.

4 pts.

The Eiffel Tower / situate/ France.


The Harry Potter series / write / J.K. Rowling.
32 pieces / use / in a game of chess.
Cold milk / serve / with tea / England.

SPEAKING

8 pts.

9 In pairs, role play an interview between a fan and a famous artist. Follow the
example on Page 74.

WRITING
10 Think of a TV program you like, and write a short review.

8 pts.

- Make a list of the good and bad aspects of the program.


- Write a short draft of your review, using connectors such as or, and, or but.
- Write a final version of your review, and share it with your classmates.
0 - 13
Keep trying!

76

UNIT 3

14 - 28
Good!

29 - 43
Very good!

51 pts.
TOTAL
45 - 51
Excellent!

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

PROJECT
Interview with a famous writer
Literature and Drama
1 Form pairs to do this project.

2 Choose a book you have read and liked a lot and search

for information about its author. Use the Internet,


encyclopedias and what you have learned in the Literature
class.

3 Find information about: interesting facts of his/her personal


life, his/her beginnings as a writer, and his/her works (past
and present).

4 Think of five questions and use all the information you gathered to

create an interview for a TV talk show. Also, use the contents of this
unit to enhance your work.

5 With your partner, decide who will be the interviewer and who will

be the famous writer. Then, role-play the interview and rehearse it


several times.

6 Prepare a TV set stage and film your interview with your partner.
7 Show it to the rest of the class.

Checklist
Reflect upon your project and check () under the correct column.
Very well

Well

Not so well

We followed the instructions carefully.


We collected information from different sources.
We distributed the tasks evenly among the group members.
We participated actively.
We were respectful of each others ideas and opinions.

77

UNIT
BODY AND MIND
In this unit you will:
read a teens advice webpage
listen to a classroom conversation
listen to a radio interview
You will learn how to:
Reading
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information
extract specific information from a text
distinguish main ideas in paragraphs

Listening
discriminate between correct and incorrect
information
discriminate sounds
recognize the sequence of information
Language
use modal verbs to express advice and
recommendations
use modal verbs to talk about possible future
situations

Speaking
express advice and recommendations
exchange information about teens problems
express future possibilities
Writing
write a short story about bullying
write a short paragraph about body image
You will also:
reflect on giving importance to our internal
and not only to our external appearance
reflect on the importance of worrying and
supporting friends who are in trouble

GETTING READY
1 Look at the pictures on Page 79. Which of the teenagers seem happy? Why?
2 Which of the teenagers might have a problem? What problems? In pairs, write a list in your
notebook and compare your answers in your group.

3 Talk with your partner about what you would do in each of those situations. Share your
comments with other classmates.

78

79

BEFORE YOU START


YOU CAN BEAT THEM!

LESSON 1

1 Complete the dialogs using the affirmative or negative form of the verbs in the box and your
own ideas.

may
a. Dana:
Jake:
Claire:
Ernest:

can

must

might

Can you guys go to the beach with me after school?


have something to do ... I
Mmmm ... Im not sure I
I
I have to study.
Dana, it
rain

b. A: Excuse me,
B: People
A: Its ok. I

I smoke here?
smoke in public spaces because
respect this norm. I understand.

2 Classify the modal verbs you used in Exercise 1 according their use.
Permission

Possibility

Ability

Obligation

Prohibition

3 In pairs, have a look at the visual clues. Take turns to complete the sentences telling your
partner what is possible to happen.
Example:
Sarah is staying in bed today.
It is possible that she is ill.

a. It is cloudy.

b. My father has a lot


of work.

80

UNIT 4

c. This restaurant is very


elegant.

d. Sean got up very


late today.

BODY AND MIND

Before starting this unit, you need to know:


How to express possibility, prohibition and ability.
How to ask for permission and give recommendations.
How to refer to events taking place in the present.

LESSON 2

WHY AM I IN SUCH A BAD MOOD?

1 Match sentences a e with sentences i. v.


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

We dont want to get lost.


Were traveling to London next month.
It often rains in London.
This city is very dangerous.
Aunt Rosa is going to have a graduation party for Scott.
i. You shouldnt forget to take an umbrella.
ii. We should take a map with us.
iii. We should confirm our attendance.
iv. You shouldnt go off on your own.
v. You should visit The London Eye.

2 Whats the activity? Read the sentences below and decide which advice is for each activity.
Then, complete the pieces of advice with should or shouldnt.

scuba diving

Mountain
climbing

Skiing

Wind-surfing

Swimming

Running

a.

i. You should always wear a helmet and special boots.


go out if the weather is bad.
ii. You

b.

i. You
colored clothes.
ii. You
pavement, or in a park.

always wear brightly

c.

i. You
ii. You
but far from the rocks.

go out in a storm or at night


always stay close to the shore

d.

i. You
ii. You
you go out on the boat.

go too deep.
check your equipment before

go on the road, stay on the

81

LESSON 1
LISTENING

YOU CAN BEAT THEM!


BEFORE LISTENING
1 Answer these questions in pairs.
a. What is bullying?
b. How can bullying affect your life?
c. Do you know of any organizations that help people who are
being bullied?

2 Choose the situations in the list that are related to bullying. Have
you ever been involved in any of these situations? Explain.

a. People calling names

b. Damaging belongings

c. Stealing money at school

d. Threatening and intimidating

e. Making abusive phone calls

f. Sending offensive phone texts

g. Posting insulting messages


on the Internet

82

UNIT 4

BODY AND MIND

3 Talk to your partner. Complete this paragraph about Bullying with


your own ideas. Make sure you use the words from the boxes to
complete it.
actions
victim

stronger

hurting

stopping

serious

school

Bullying is to . somebody, either by words or


It usually takes place at .
The victim usually ..
In my opinion ..
We can help .

4 You are going to listen to a recording about bullying. Read the title

of the lesson and look at the picture. What is the man doing? Circle
the best answer.
a. He is giving a lecture.
b. He is offering advice.
c. He is giving instructions.
d. He is telling a story.

5 Read the words in the Key Word Spot. Look up their meanings in a
dictionary. Then, choose 2 of the definitions and write sentences in
your notebook.

LISTENING
6

37 Listen to the recording and check your prediction in Exercise 4.

37 Listen to the recording again and circle the best alternative.


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

Talk to / Tell us about being bullied, Oliver.


When I was 15 / 16 I made a decision.
I think people realize it is a serious / universal problem.
You may visit our web page / site and see.
Have a look at our solutions / suggestions.
The easiest / hardest thing to do is not talk about it.
They dont realize that they offend / upset you.
You should tell someone you like / trust instead.
It was a horrible / terrible experience.
I dont have any / have some hard feelings towards them.

Strategy

Spot

Before you listen,


think:
Why does the speaker
want to communicate a
message about
bullying?
To whom is the
speaker sending this
message?

Key Word Spot

approach
beat
confident
issue
mess (v)

Strategy

Spot

Before doing the


activities in this
section, listen and
identify the speakers
purpose and audience.
Were your ideas right?

83

37 Listen again and number the questions in the order you


hear them.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Do you think people take the issue seriously enough?


How do you feel about the bullies now?
How do you look back at the time when you were bullied?
How does your program help?
Whats your advice to people who are being bullied?

44 Listen to the recording once again. Then, complete this


summary of the conversation with the words from the boxes.
advises

businessman
two minds about

Strategy

Spot

To check your
understanding, work in
pairs. One of you must
report the recording's
message and ask:
What do you think?.
The other gives his /
her opinion explaining
his / her answer.

name calling
improve

Oliver is a
who
schools about bullying.
pupils life. When he was a
With his help, schools can
teenager he was bullied at school. There was a lot of
.
Now, looking back at his past he feels hes
bullying. He
thinks that, although his experience helped him to become the
person he is today, it was a horrible experience.

LANGUAGE SPOT
May and might

1. Read these sentences from the recording. Pay special attention to


the words in bold.
a. Have a look at our solutions - one might work for you.
b. If something makes you feel bad, you should talk about it. It
may help.
c. It might change your life.
2. What do the words in bold express?
a. A condition.
c. A possibility.
b. A reason.
d. A purpose.
3. Copy and complete this general rule in your notebook.
and
to express that it
We use
that something will happen. They are used
is
indistinctly, when talking.

84

UNIT 4

BODY AND MIND

10 Read the questions and complete the dialogs, using may or might,
and your own ideas.

Example:
A: Where is your brother? Its 1:30.
B: He may be having lunch.
a. A: When will your brother arrive?
B:

b. A: Why doesnt Kate phone me?


B:

c. A: What will the weather be like tomorrow?


B:

d. A: Why is that man speaking English?


B:

e. A: What will we do tomorrow evening?


B:

LETS CHECK
11 What do you think will happen in your life in the next ten years? In

your notebook, write 5 sentences trying to predict what your life will
be like.
Consider these aspects:
- studies
- family
- personal
- professional
Example: I think I will study physics and become an astronomer.

(10 pts.)

0-4
Keep trying!

5-6
Good!

7-8
Very good!

9 - 10
Excellent!

85

ORAL PRACTICE
12 Work with your partner to complete the dialog below with the ideas
in the boxes.

every case is different is a very important problem

only one answer

take this topic seriously tell someone they trust think its not a problem
to help the people in trouble Whats your advice

A: Do you think people


?
B: I think people now realize that bullying
?
A: What do you do
, because
B: There is not
to people who are being bullied?
A:
. They
B: They shouldnt
should
. It might work.

13

38 Listen to the recording and check your answers. Then, practice


the dialog with your partner and role play it in front of your
classmates.

READING AND WRITING


14 Read this text about bullying and answer these questions.
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the text narrating?


Who is narrating the story?
Is it a personal experience?
If Dennis hadnt died in an accident, how do you think the story
would have ended?
e. What is the piece of advice implicit in this text?

86

UNIT 4

Bullying Isnt Funny

BODY AND MIND


39

Ive always been funny. Its my thing. Some


people get beauty, others sports ability, a
lucky few even get musical talent. Me? I
cant dance, sing, catch a ball, and no one
has called to make me a top model, but I can
make people laugh.

wasnt crying because I was sad he was


gone. I cried because I was ashamed. I knew
I could have been nicer. I could have used my
humor to turn the situation around on the
person making fun of him, but I never did. I
laughed at Dennis, not with him.

Being funny is a bit like your own personal


super power. It can be used for good or evil.
The question is, what do you do with all that
power? Sometimes its easy to make fun of
someone who doesnt fit in, whos different,
or just plain weird.

I realized then that being funny comes with


responsibility; I had to use it wisely. Bullies
arent just the people who shove someone
around or the one who makes the snotty
comment. Bullies are also the people who
stand on the side and laugh. I promised
myself I would never feel that shame again.
I would use my humor for good, to make
people laugh with me, not at someone else.
I wanted to be a hero, not a villain. Feel free
to join me, the world can always use another
superhero, and you dont even have to look
good in a Lycra suit.

In high school, I had a classmate named


Dennis. Dennis was pretty dorky. He had
terrible acne and wasnt the best student. He
was always trying to fit in, but he never did.
Dennis died in an accident. Everyone was
shocked and a few of us started to cry. I

Adapted from: Cook, E. (2012, February 3). Dear Bully: 70 Authors Tell
Their Stories - Bullying Isnt Funny. Retrieved April 22, 2013, from http://
www.dearbully.com/

15 Answer these questions with your partner. Take notes in you notebook.
a. Have you ever suffered / witnessed / caused a bullying situation?
Narrate it.
b. Would you help a friend who is being bullied? How?
c. What advice would you give him / her?

16 Organizing. You are going to write a short story, using the

information in Exercise 15. To plan your writing, take notes of your


ideas about the beginning, development and end of your story, on a
separate sheet of paper.

17 Drafting. Use your notes to write a draft of your story. Try to

express your ideas using full sentences and connectors to put ideas
together. You can use a dictionary.

18 Editing. Check your story using the Editing Checklist. Also, make

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

Do your sentences begin


with capital letters and end
with periods?
Have you checked your
work for other punctuation
marks, such as question
marks, exclamation marks,
commas, etc.?
Sentences
Do all your sentences
make sense?
Can you add any words to
make them more
interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your
work for spelling mistakes?
Are there any words you are
not sure about?
Vocabulary
Use your dictionary to check
that the words you have used
are appropriate in context.
When you have finished your work,
read it through and check for any
changes you need to make.

sure your ideas are in chronological order.

19 Writing. Write a final version of your text. Swap stories with a

partner, so that you can read and check his/hers, and viceversa.
Give your story to your teacher, so that he/she can create a story
book of your class.

87

LESSON 2

WHY AM I IN SUCH A BAD MOOD?

READING

BEFORE READING
1 In pairs, think of typical reasons for teenage problems. Do you have
any problems related to these topics? Share with your partner.

addictions

body image

family relationships

friends

money

stress

2 What would you do if you had a serious problem? Range the


Key Word Spot

lose my grip
guilty
let down
mean
give up
empty handed

alternatives from 1 (the first option) to 5 (the last option). Compare your
answers with your partner.

get professional help


tell a friend

keep the problem to yourself

tell your parents

write to a magazines problem page

3 Take a quick look at the text on Page 90. Can you identify three
problems that will be discussed?

Strategy

Spot

Reading can be much


easier if you are aware
of the strategies you
use. Look at Exercises
3, 4 and 5. What
strategies do you have
to use? How do they
help you?

88

UNIT 4

4 Take a look at the text again. What kind of text is it? Which are its
characteristics? What is its purpose?

5 Read the expressions in the Key Word Spot. Find them in the text
on Pages 90 and identify their meaning.
a. unkind
b. not innocent
c. stop making an effort

d. fail
e. not obtaining what you want
f. lose control

BODY AND MIND

READING

40

6 Read the texts on Pages 90 quickly and check your predictions.


7 Read the texts again. Match the problems with the corresponding
piece of advice (I IV). You can check with the recording.

8 Read the texts carefully again and write the corresponding name.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

should have a regular routine.


is suffering an eating disorder.
should accept an apology.
should change the place where he / she studies.
is experiencing changeable moods.
told a secret to a friend.

9 Read the text once more and summarize the problems and the

advice given in the following diagram. Where possible, include the


expressions in Exercise 2 in your summary.

Strategy

Spot

Circle the key words in


each question. Find the
parts of the text that
you think answer the
questions and underline
key words there.

Teen problems

LETS READ!

Abbie

Emma

Joe

Priscilla

Problem

Problem

Problem

Problem

Advice

Advice

Advice

Advice

Reading booklet connection

Page 10
Read this extract of a
science fiction story about
bullying, and answer the
questions.

89

SEARCH BLOG MARK BLOG

Next blog

To create blog Access

TEEN PROBLEM PAGE


Abbie, 16
Im trying to study for my exams, but
its hard to concentrate for long. I sit on
the bed with my books, but then I lie
down and fall asleep. And my parents
ask me to do things, or my friends call,
so I give up studying. Im starting to panic. What should
I do?

Priscilla, 15
I always find myself getting really
irritable for almost no reason or
suddenly I feel down without knowing
why. I often go from sadness to anger
or to joy in a matter of minutes. I feel
as though Im losing my grip. Why do I feel like being on an
emotional roller coaster almost all the time?

Joe, 15
I secretly like a girl in my class, and I
told my best friend. He promised not
to tell anyone, but he really let me
down. Now the whole class knows,
including the girl. They all think its
funny, but Im very embarrassed and upset. Should I stop
being friends with this guy? He said sorry, but I dont trust
him anymore.

Emma, 16
Im a girl suffering from Bulimia
Nervosa. Only a few friends know,
but I am not getting anything from
them, and sometimes I feel they
dont care. I feel very embarrassed to
tell my family. I would greatly appreciate any advice. Ive
been looking on-line for hours trying to find info on eating
disorders, but have come up empty handed. Please help.

ANSWERS
I.
Youd better not tell him any more secrets! But its silly
to end a good friendship because of a broken promise.
Its impossible for some people to keep a secret, and I
bet your friend feels very guilty and sad. You ought to
accept his apology.
II.
Its very normal to be nervous, but you should calm
down. Its helpful to have a regular routine - try to
study at the same time every day. And youd better
tell your friends and family so they dont interrupt
you. Sit down to work at a desk or table, and take a
break every half hour - get up and do something
different for five minutes. Good luck!

III.
This serious problem afflicts more than one out of 10 women at
some time in their lives and twice as many teens suffer from it. It
often involves more complex problems, such as strong emotions,
fear, guilt, shame, poor self-image, excessive perfectionism. If you
are suffering from an eating disorder, you should tell your family
and seek for professional help urgently.
IV.
Dealing with constant change and pressure is part of the answer.
Being a teen means struggling with identity and self-image. To be
accepted by friends feels extremely important. You feel you want
to be on your own and make your own decisions, but it can be a
time of confusion and conflict. It can take a while for teens - and
their families - to feel comfortable with the transition between
childhood and adulthood. You shouldnt worry too much.

Adapted from: DArcy, L. (2012, March). Why am I in such a bad mood? Retrieved March 12, 2013,
from http://teenshealth.org/teen/your_mind/feeling_sad/bad_mood.html#

90

UNIT 4

BODY AND MIND

10 Answer these questions in your group. Take notes of your answers


and then share your comments with other groups.

a. Do you agree with all the advice offered?


b. If not, what would you suggest the teenagers do?
c. Have you ever been involved in a similar situation?

Strategy

Spot

Make inferences: who


is the person who
gives advice?
Discuss the following
points:
male/ female?
age?
occupation?

LANGUAGE SPOT
Giving advice and recommendation

1. Read these sentences from the text.


a. You should try to ignore them and walk away.
b. You'd better not tell him any more secrets!
c. Should I stop being friends with this guy?
d. You shouldn't worry too much.
e. You ought to accept his apology.
2. What do these sentences express? Choose an alternative.
a. Orders.
b. Advice.
c. Instructions.
d. Facts.
3. Complete this rule:
When we want to give______ we use______, ______, or ______.
4. Find three more examples like those in Point 1 in the text and
copy them into your notebook.

11 Rewrite these sentences in your notebook, using the correct form of


the verb in brackets.

a. Its important to do your homework.


b. He was rude to me. He should apologize.
c. The music is very loud. We ought to turn it down.
d. Its wrong to borrow my things without asking.
e. You should go to bed earlier.
f. You should tell the teacher about your problem.

(should)
(ought to)
(had better)
(should)
(ought to)
(ought to)

91

LETS CHECK
12 Complete the dialog with should, shouldnt, ought to, had better,
and the verbs in the boxes. Then, practice the dialog with
your partner.
follow
Strategy

go to sleep

ignore

say

tell

(7 pts.)

try

A: Im starting classes at your school next week! Im so nervous!


What useful advice would you give me?
B: Well, classes start very early in the morning, at 8 oclock! That
late the night before.
means you
A: I see and, how many students are there in your class?
B: Were 45, so
to remember your classmates names.
that your last school
And, very important! You
any useful advice your
was better and also, you
classmates give you.
A:
I
students who bully me?
your teacher if you have a problem.
B: No. You
Especially, if that problem is bullying.
A: Thanks very much for your help!

Spot

Listen and react:


Do you agree with the
advice given? Listen to
the conversations
again. As you listen,
circle the letters (a - f)
if you agree with the
advice. If you disagree,
cross the
corresponding letter.

0-2
Keep trying!

3-4
Good!

5-6
Very good!

7
Excellent!

LISTENING AND SPEAKING


Useful Expressions Spot

An enormous / serious
/ complicated problem.
A minor problem.

13

41 In pairs, complete these dialogs based on the texts you read.


Then, practice and role-play them with your partner. You can invent
more problems and use the phrases in the box.
a. A:
B: You should accept his apology but youd better not tell him
any more secrets!
b. A:
B: You should calm down and take it easy.

c. A:
B: You ought to ignore people who bully you.

d. A:
B: Youd better try not to lose your temper and be patient.

e. A:
?
B: Youd better concentrate on what youre doing and not try to
do two things at the same time.
?
f. A:
B: You should tell her family and seek for professional help.

14

92

UNIT 4

41 Listen to the recording again and practice the dialogs with your
partner. Role play them in front of your classmates.

BODY AND MIND

WRITING
15 Organizing. Write a letter to an advice column.
a. Choose one of the problems in the pictures or your own ideas.

Editing checklist
Use this checklist to help you think
about your work.
Punctuation

b. Make a list of the reasons why you need help with this particular
problem. Example: I cant think clearly, its affecting my health, etc.
c. Imitate the posts in the reading texts and write one yourself, asking
for advice. Make sure you use connectors, to join your ideas.

16 Drafting. Write a draft of your letter on a separate sheet of paper.

Make sure you follow the model of the column Teen Problem Page
on Page 90.
Address
Dear Name of the recipient
Description of the problem
Asking fo a solution
Closing
Signature

17 Editing. Use the Editing Checklist to check your work for mistakes.
18 Writing. Write a final version on a separate sheet of paper, and
exchange the letter with a classmate.

26-33

Do your sentences begin


with capital letters and end
with periods?
Have you checked your
work for other punctuation
marks, such as question
marks, exclamation marks,
commas, etc.?
Sentences
Do all your sentences
make sense?
Can you add any words to
make them more
interesting?
Spelling
Have you checked your
work for spelling mistakes?
Are there any words you are
not sure about?
Vocabulary
Use your dictionary to check
that the words you have used
are appropriate in context.
When you have finished your work,
read it through and check for any
changes you need to make.
Strategy

Spot

As you edit your letter,


reflect on how much
you have improved
your writing skills.
Write a list of the types
of texts that you have
written during the
course and set goals
to improve your writing.

For extra practice of Unit 4, complete the activities in the Workbook.

93

YOUR ENGLISH IN ACTION


1 Answer this quiz, calculate your score, and find out what your body image is (each answer
scores 1 to 3 points, as they are presented). Then, compare scores in your group.

Are you worried about your body image?


a. When you look at yourself in the mirror, what
do you think?
i. Wow! I am hot!
ii. Hello, me!
iii. I need to lose 5 kilos!
b. A friend of yours starts complaining about how
fat he or she is. What do you say?
i. Yeah, you could lose some weight.
ii. You look great to me.
iii. Gosh, so am I! Lets go on a diet!
c. When you go to the beach or pool and you are
lying on your towel, what do you think?
i. I have the best body here.
ii. Being here is fun!
iii. I hope that no one notices how fat I look.
d. Your boyfriend or girlfriend compliments you
on how good you look. What do you say?
i. I know!
ii. Thanks!
iii. No, I dont look that great.
e. If you go on a date that isnt fun, what is
the reason?
i. Most boys or girls are boring.
ii. You didnt really get along with that person.
iii. You were not very nice.
f. When you exercise or go to the gym and you
work out longer than you planned, why is it?
i. You wanted as many people as possible to
see you in your cool new outfit.
ii. You were really enjoying exercising.
iii. You had to work off those extra calories
from lunch.

94

UNIT 4

42

g. When would you feel the happiest?


i. When everyone thinks you are beautiful.
ii. When you have friends who care about you.
iii. When everyone likes you.
h. When you havent had a date in several
months, what is the most likely reason?
i. All those boys or girls are too stupid to know
what they are missing.
ii. You havent met anyone you really
like lately.
iii. Youre not good-looking or smart
enough yet.
i. When you look at a fashion magazine, what do
you think?
i. Im better-looking than those models.
ii. Hmm..., these clothes are cool.
iii. I wish I looked like those models!
j. Which is closest to how you feel about dieting?
i. Diet? Why improve upon perfection?
ii. I dont really diet. I like myself the way
I am.
iii. Dieting is good for me - the more I do it,
the better.

BODY AND MIND

Your Score:
10-17 points
You look fantastic! No problems there. However, what you need to
focus more on is your
appreciation of non-physical aspects of both yourself and others. Try
making a list of nonappearance related things you like about yourself and / or your friends
, explore hobbies, do
volunteer work - theres more to you than meets the eye!

18-23 points
Of course, like most people,
You have a solid appreciation of yourself and a good body image.
you feel insecure sometimes, proud others.
or all bad, but rather as
You need to be careful not to think of yourself as being either all good
some combination of the two. Youre fantastic just the way you are!
24-30 points
This score indicates a preoccupation with body image and the opinio
ns of others. You are a
unique and special person and have a right to be proud of who you
are - as you are.
There is no such thing as physical or personal perfection. Try planni
ng some activities that
highlight your appreciation of yourself:
Paste a sign over your mirror that says: Hi, Gorge
ous!
Take a bubble bath.
Make a list of things you like about yourself or of
things you do well.
Get a massage.
In short, give yourself some love - you deserve
it!

2 Read Tim and Claires diaries for next week and exchange information about them with your
partner. Use may and might.
Day

Tim

Day

Claire

Monday

Cinema with Bob

Monday

Study for math test

Tuesday

Play football

Tuesday

Visit aunt Maggie

Wednesday

Radiohead concert

Wednesday

Radiohead concert

Thursday

Stay at home

Thursday

Go to the dentist

Friday

Disco

Friday

Meet friends

Saturday

Birthday party at Susans

Saturday

Stay at home

Sunday

Go to the football match

Sunday

Watch movies on TV

95

UNIT CHECK
READING

43

Eating disorders
Lots of teens are critical of their bodies. Normal
concerns about body image can cross the line and
become eating disorders when a person starts to do
things that are physically and emotionally dangerous
- things that could have long-term health
consequences.
How do you know if a friend has an eating disorder?
Some of the signs that a friend may have an eating
disorder include:
He or she has an obsession with weight and food.
He or she knows exactly how many calories and fat
grams are in everything that he or she eats.
He or she feels the need to exercise all the time,
even when sick or exhausted.
He or she avoids hanging out with you and other
friends during meals.
He or she starts to wear big or baggy clothes.
Someone who wears baggy clothes to hide their
shape might hide other concerns.
He or she goes on dramatic or very restrictive diets,
cuts food into tiny pieces, moves food around on
the plate instead of eating it, and is very precise
about how food is arranged on the plate.
He or she seems to compete with others about how
little they eat.
He or she goes to the bathroom a lot, especially
right after meals, or you've heard him or her
vomiting after eating.
Despite losing a lot of weight, he or she always talks
about how fat he or she is.
He or she appears to be gaining a lot of weight
even though you never see him or her eat (people
with bulimia often only eat diet food in front of
their friends).

He or she is very defensive or sensitive about his /


her weight loss or eating habits.
He or she buys or takes laxatives, steroids, or diet
pills.
He or she has a tendency to faint, bruises easily, is
very pale, or starts complaining of being cold more
than usual.
If a friend has some of these symptoms, you might
talk to him or her, privately, about what you've
noticed. Tell your friend that you're worried. Be
gentle, and try to be really supportive of your friend
and what he or she is going through.
If your concerns increase, talk to your parents, the
school counselor, or even your friend's parents. It
can feel like betraying a friend, but it's often
necessary to get a friend the help he or she needs.
Being a supportive friend also means learning how
to behave around someone with an eating disorder.
Here are some ways to support a friend who is
battling an eating problem:
Try your best not to talk about food, weight, diets,
or body shape.
Focus on your friend's strengths - that he or she has
a great smile, is helpful and friendly, or good at
math or art, etc.
Try to avoid focusing on
how your friend
looks physically.
Most important, remind
your friend that you're
there no matter what and
you want to help him or
her get healthy again.

Adapted from: CBBC Newsround. Eating problems. What are eating problems? (2010, February 19)
Retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_1740000/
newsid_1742500/1742500.stm

96

UNIT 4

BODY AND MIND

1 Read the text quickly and circle the best answer. What is the purpose of the text?
a. To tell a story.

b. To explain a problem.

c. To offer advice.

2 Read the text again. Are these statements true (T), false (F), or not mentioned
(NM)?
a.
b.
c.

1 pt.

5 pts.

Eating disorders could have serious health consequences.


Only girls can suffer eating disorders.
If your friend doesnt want to talk about what he / she eats, he / she
might have an eating disorder.
To talk to his / her parents means to betray your friend.
It is advisable to talk about foods, calories and diets to make your friend
feel better.

d.
e.

3 Read the text once more and answer these questions in your notebook.

6 pts.

a. When do normal concerns about body image become eating disorders?


b. Can you mention three symptoms of an eating disorder?
c. What can you do if your concerns increase?

LISTENING: WHY DO WE WORRY ABOUT BODY IMAGE?


4

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Dr. Paula Reynolds works in the USA.


This is a morning program.
All models and actresses have the body of healthy women.
Both boys and girls are affected by this problem.
Beauty companies are now using normal models.

44 Listen to the recording again. Number the sentences in the order you hear them.
a.
b.
c.
d.

5 pts.

44 You are going to listen to an interview about body image. Are these
statements true (T) or false (F)?

Is this problem only affecting girls?


Talk to someone you trust.
That means most of them are underweight.
What can we do to make ourselves feel better?

44 Listen to the recording once more. Complete each paragraph with words from
the boxes.

4 pts.

6 pts.

a. A recent
showed that
of the girls aged eight to
want to look like
they see in the
and
out of ten
if they were thinner.
of them think they would be
half

happier

media

six

sixteen

survey

women

97

b. Some beauty
now want to use more normal people - not
thin models to show you dont have to be skinny and
are trying out body image classes; their aim
to be gorgeous. Some
is to get
to feel more
about themselves, and about
each of them.
companies

glamorous

positive

very

schools

students

LANGUAGE
7 Read the list of situations and write a sentence giving advice or a recommendation
for each.

6 pts.

a. Mark has got a headache.


b. Jenny got a bad mark in the last English test.
c. Its late at night and Simon is still watching TV.
d. Some students are saying bad things about Patrick.

8 Answer these questions using may or might.

4 pts.

a. Why is Patricia studying so hard?


b. Why will your father arrive late?
c. Why are you taking your umbrella?
d. Why doesnt Phil answer the phone?

SPEAKING
9 In pairs, imagine that you are interviewing a famous fortune teller. Exchange

information about what he predicts for next year about: your country, the world and
the environment.

10 pts.

WRITING
10

45 Choose one of these problems and reply to it offering advice and support.
Hey guys, Im 15 years old, OK maybe this will sound really stupid, but I am so confused. I
dont know who I am anymore, I am depressed all the time, and I cant take the pressure of
school and all my extra classes. Im trying really hard to get along with my family, trying not to
lose more friends in school, trying not to fail (school is really hard, lots of works, lots of
subjects), and trying to keep up with ballet, hip hop, and piano, but I think I just cant take it,
I need to figure out who I am, I just want to start being happy already. Any advice or support??
Please someone
Im getting strange calls and stuff. Any help? And I am now 14.
Hey, for about three months now Ive been getting really strange calls, texts and mail. The sms
and e-mails usually say that I am ready for you now. And when this person calls me, she just
whispers weird things. I know it is a female, because I can hear it in her voice. I am really
starting to get frightened. What should I do?

0 - 13
Keep trying!

98

UNIT 4

14 - 28
Good!

29 - 46
Very good!

10 pts.

57 pts.
TOTAL
47 - 57
Excellent!

BODY AND MIND

PROJECT
A class survey on healthy habits
Biology and Maths
1 Form groups of three students.
2 Choose one healthy habit that you consider important

among teenagers and find information about it. Use


the Internet, encyclopedias and what you have learned
in Biology and Health Care classes.

3 Use your findings and the contents of this unit to

prepare a questionnaire with your group. Then, write a set of


questions (no more than 10) with their alternative answers.

4 Think of a name for your questionnaire and type it on a sheet of


paper.

5 Carry out the survey by asking ten different classmates. Then,

collect all the information in your group and analyze the results.

6 Draw to some conclusions and design graphs to show the results in


numbers. Use what you have learned in the Math class to calculate
percentages.

7 Present your conclusions and graphs to the rest of the class orally
or through a Power Point Presentation.

Checklist

Reflect upon your project and check () under the correct column.
Very well

Well

Not so well

We followed the instructions carefully.


We collected information from different sources.
We distributed the tasks evenly among the group members.
We participated actively.
We were respectful of each others ideas and opinions.

99

COMMUNICATIVE TASKS FILE


TEEN LIFE

UNIT

1 In pairs, describe the picture. Then, discuss the following questions, expressing your
opinions and explaining your ideas.

a. Both pictures show ways to have fun in two different generations. Compare the two
pictures. Which one do you prefer? Why?
b. How is your generation different to that of your parents with respect to the use of
technology?
In my opinin
I believe

100

The first picture shows


As far as Im concerned ...

while the second shows


What I think is

TECHNOLOGY AND INVENTIONS

UNIT

1 Which of these inventions has best contributed to the world? Make a ranking and take notes of
the reasons that explain your choice.

2 In groups of three, present and explain your raking to your partners.


3 Agree on the top three best inventions. Present your conclusion to your classmates, justifying
your decisions.

If I had to choose the best invention, I would choose . because


I like the . because

What do you think?

Tell me what you think about .


Yes, but what about ?

Do you agree?

Yes, I agree

I think youre right, but I prefer because


Actually, Im not sure about that

Ok, so which three are the best?

So, weve decided to choose .

101

UNIT

MUSIC AND LITERATURE

1 In pairs, look at the pictures. Describe what you can see.


2 Compare and contrast the pictures. What do they have in common? How are they different?
Well, in the first picture, there are people playing
while in the second I can see

Both types of music are .

Both pictures show

Both pictures show very different .


In this picture, I can see a group of musicians playing ..
but in the second one the musicians are playing

102

UNIT

BODY AND MIND

1 In pairs, look at the pictures. They all show different things you can do when feeling sad or in

trouble. Take turns to describe what you see in each picture. What do you normally do in these
situations?

2 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each way to solve a problem (doing something
to forget about your problem, talking to a friend, talking to your parents, trying to solve the
problem on your own).
Talking to a friend has a lot advantages, such as .
One advantage of talking to your parents is .

Another advantage is that you can

On the other hand, it can be difficult to .

There are some disadvantages of trying to solve your problem on

your own, like .

I think the benefits of .are .

103

THEMATIC INDEX
TOPICS
Teens interests and favorite activities

10

Typical attitudes

16

Technological devices

32

Teenage inventions

38

Accidental inventions

45

TV programs

56

Fantasy literature

64

A book review

70

Bullying

82

Teenage problems

88

LANGUAGE

104

The Present Progressive for future plans

12

Connectors and, but, or

19

Linking words although, however, while, though

34

Relative clauses with because

41

Words to express quantity

59

The Passive voice

68

May and might to express future probability

84

Giving advice and recommendation (should, d better, ought to)

91

LANGUAGE REFERENCE
1 Future Simple
Affirmative
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

Negative
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

will travel abroad.


will help you.

wont play tennis.

Interrogative

will

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

take the bus?

Yes, ... will.


No, ... wont.

2 Future with be going to


Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I am going to sleep.

Im not going to study tonight. Am

You
We
They

You
We
They

He
She
It

are going to eat.

is going to play.

He
She
It

arent going to cook.

isnt going to walk.

Are

Is

I
You
We
They
He
She
It

going to run?

Yes, ... am/


are/is.
No, ...m not/
arent/isnt.

3 Present Progressive as Future


Affirmative

Negative

I am studying tonight.
You
are running.
We
They

Im not playing tomorrow


You
We arent having tea.
They

He
She
It

He
She
It

is sleeping.

isnt watching TV.

Interrogative
Am
Are

Is

I
You
We
They
He
She
It

travelling?
next week?

Yes, ... am/


are/is.
No, ...m not/
arent/isnt.

4 Past Simple
Affirmative
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

played volleyball.
ate fruit salad.

Negative
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

didnt watch TV.

Interrogative

Did

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

get up late
yesterday?

Yes, ... did.


No, ... didnt.

105

5 Passive Voice
Affirmative

Negative

Tea is grown in China.

Tea isnt grown in Peru.

Ferraris are made in Italy.

Ferraris arent made in every country.

Interrogative
Is tea grown in Mexico?
Are Ferraris made in Italy?

Harry Potter was written by


J.K. Rowling.

Harry Potter wasnt written by


Stephanie Meyer.

Corn flakes were created by


accident in 1898.

Corn flakes werent created in 1960.

Was Harry Potter written


by J.K Rowling?
Were corn flakes created
by accident?

Yes, it is.
No, it isnt.
Yes, they are.
No, they arent.
Yes, it was.
No, it wasnt.
Yes, they were.
No, they
werent.

6 Modal Verbs
1. Ability and permission
We use:
can for present ability an permission: Can you drive?
2. Advice and recommendation
We use:
should (not), ought (not) to and had better (not) for advice and recommendation in the
present or the future: You should / ought to / had better wear your helmet when you ride
your bike.
3. Possibility
We use:
may and might to say that something is possibly true now or in the future: They arent at
home - they may / might be on holidays.
may not and might not to say that something is possibly not true now or in the future: He
may not / might not want to come with us because he is very tired.

7 Linking Words

and and besides express addition.


but, although, however, while and though express contrast.
because introduces a reason.
or introduces an alternative idea.

8 Quantifiers

106

Countable nouns

Uncountable nouns

Both

(not) many
(a) few

(not) much
(a) little

all
a lot (of)
some
(not) any

VOCABULARY
Unit 1:
Teen Life

Unit 2:
Technology and inventions

Lesson 1: Teenage talk

Lesson 1: Technology update

fleece: a soft cloth that is used to make warm clothes.


gig: (informal) to perform live music at a pub or bar.

Expressions
a growing frown: a facial expression of disapproval that
is getting more and more visible in a person.

Expressions
to be fed up with sth: to feel angry about something that
has continued for a long time.
to look forward to: to think of a future event with
pleasurable, eager anticipation.
Lesson 2: Typical teenagers
ceiling: The upper interior surface of a room or other
similar compartment.
folks: informal expression, used as a friendly form of
address to a group of people.
fume: to feel, show, or express great anger.
hectic: full of incessant activity.
mean: unkind or aggressive in behavior.
rather: intensifier, to a certain or significant extent or
degree.
reel: to feel very disoriented.
swear: to use offensive language, especially as an
expression of anger.
unfair: not based on or behaving according to the
principles of equality and justice.
utterly: completely and without qualification; absolutely.

Lesson 2: Popular teenage inventions


flash cards: a card with a word or picture on it, normally
used in teaching.
launch: to make a new product, book etc. available for
sale for the first time.
skill: an ability to do something well, especially because
you have learned and practiced it.
tool: a piece of equipment or a skill that is useful for
doing your job.
Expressions
to win an award: to win a tangible symbol which means
approval or distinction.
hand-clap games: a type of cooperative, non-competitive
games which are generally played by two players and
involves clapping while singing or reciting a rhyme.

Expressions
to give sth a miss: to deliberately avoid doing something.
go astray: to get lost.

107

Unit 3:
Music and literature

Unit 4:
Body and mind

Lesson 1: New stars

Lesson 1: You can beat them!

audience: the people who watch or listen to a particular


program, or who see or hear a particular artist's, writer's
etc work.
coach: someone who trains a person or team.
contestant: someone who competes in a contest.
fit: if something fits another thing, it is similar to it or
suitable for it.

approach: to begin to deal with a situation or problem in a


particular way or with a particular attitude.
bully: someone who uses their strength or power to
frighten or hurt someone who is weaker.
improve: to make something better, or to become better.
issue: a subject or problem that is often discussed or
argued about, that affects the interests of a lot of people.

Lesson 2: We want you to read


dazzled: if a very bright light dazzles you, it stops you
from seeing properly for a short time.
marble: a type of hard rock that becomes smooth when
it is polished, and is used for making buildings and
statue.
window pane: a single whole piece of glass in a
window screen.
Expressions
a book review: a book review is a form of literary
criticism in which a book is analyzed based on content,
style, and merit.
a book excerpt: a passage or quotation taken or
selected from a book.
Literary elements
main characters: the individuals who contribute the most
to the story or who are the most important of the story.
place: the geographic location in which a story takes
place.
plot: the plan, scheme, or main story of a literary or
dramatic work, as a play, novel, or short story.
time: the historic moment in time in which a story
takes place.

108

Expressions
name calling: the act of using offensive names to insult
someone.
to be two minds about sth: to be unable to decide about
something.
to beat the bullies: to succeed in the problem of bullying,
despite the difficulties.
to turn ones life around: to stop living in a negative,
self-destructive way.
to mess about: to waste time doing things that are not
important.
Lesson 2: We want you to read
let down: not to do what people expect you to do.
shame: a guilty and embarrassed feeling that you have
when you or someone else has behaved badly
silly: in a state when you are not able to do anything sensible.
upset: very sad, worried, or angry about something.
Expressions
empty handed: having received or gained nothing.
to give up doing sth: to stop doing something that you are
trying hard to do.
to lose ones grip: to lose your ability to control or deal
with a situation.
to struggle with sth: to fight or battle with someone or
something.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
American Heritage Dictionaries. (2010). 100 Words Almost Everyone Mixes up or Mangles. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Berry, R. (2011). English Grammar: A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge.
Blisom, L. (2014). Speed Reading: Speed Reading for Beginners Easy Techniques to Improve your Reading Speed. [Kindle Edition].
Retrieved from Amazon.com
Boyer, S. (2001). Understanding English Pronunciation. An Integrated Practice Course. London: Usborne Better English.
Bromberg, M. (2005). 504 Absolutely Essential Words. New York: Barrons.
Collins Cobuild Key Words in Science and Technology (1st ed). (1997). Oxford: Collins Cobuild.
Flower, J. (1995). Start building your Vocabulary. Boston: Heinle.
Funk, W. (2003). 30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary. New York: Galahad.
Gerber, J. (2014). How to Speak English Fluently: Tips and Tricks for English Learners. [Kindle Edition]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Gerber, J. (2014). 650+English. Phrases for Everyday Speaking. [Kindle Edition]. Retrieved from Amazon.com
Greenbaum, S. (1991). A Students Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
Heffer, S. (2014). Simply English: An A-Z of Avoidable Errors. London: Cornerstone.
Idioms are Fun (2003). Delhi: Wilco Publishing House.
LaCarna, J. (2000). Build your Vocabulary Skills! A Quick and Easy Method. Hartford: The Graduate Group.
Lewis (2005). How to Read Better and Faster. New Delhi: Goyal Publishers & Distributors.
Lewis (2008). Instant Word Power. New York: Bristol Park Books.
Lewis, N. (1985). Thirty Days to Better English. New York: Signet.
Lewis, N. (1989). Twenty Days to Better Spelling. New York: Signet.
Lewis, N. (1991). Word Power Made Easy. New York: Pocket Books.
McCarthy, M. & ODell, F. (2010). English Collocations in Use Intermediate. Cambride: Cambridge University Press.
McCarthy, M. & ODell, F. (2010). English Vocabulary in Use Elementary (2nd Edition) with Answers. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Murphy, R. (1996). Essential Grammar in Use. (2nd ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oxford Phrasal Verbs Dictionary (2006). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Proverbs are Fun (2003). Delhi: Wilco Publishing House.
Redman, S. (1996). A Way with Words. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reinvolucri, M. (1995). More Grammar Games. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosset, E. (2000). Conversation in Action Lets Talk. Mendelu: Stanley.
Sharma, P. (2014). Vocabulary Organizer. Cork: Collins.
Spears, R. (2000). NTCs American Idioms Dictionary. Columbus: McGraw-Hill.
Swam, M. (1997). How English Works. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Watcyn-Jones, P. (2002). Test your Vocabulary 2 Revised Edition. Essex: Pearson Education. ESL.
Websters New Explorer Vocabulary Skill Builder. (2008). In Merriam-Webster Dictionaries. Springfield: Merriam-Webster.
Williams, P. (2014). The English Tenses Practical Grammar Guide. Brighton: English Lessons Brighton.

109

RECOMMENDED READERS
Escott, J. (2008). Hanna and the Hurricane. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S. (2008). Between Two Worlds. Penguin Readers, Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S (2008). Billy and the Queen. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S (2008). Dinos Day in London. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S (2008). The Fine Boy. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S (2008). Flying Home. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Rabley, S (2008). The Pearl Girl. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Smith, R. (2008). The Last Photo. Penguin Readers Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education Limited.

ADDITIONAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
Unit 1: Teen Life
Fitzhugh, L. (2001). Harriette the Spy. New York: Yearling.
Higashida, K.A. (2013). The Reason I Jump: The Inner Voice of a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy with Autism. New York: Random House.
Green, J. (2014). The Fault in our Stars. New York: Speak.

Unit 2: Technology and inventions


Adams, D. (2004). The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. New York: Pocket Books.
Sagan, C. (1997). Contact. Penarth: Pocket.
Selznic, B. (2007). The Invention of Hugo Cabret. New York: Scholastic.

Unit 3: Music and literature


Ende, M. (1993). The Neverending Story. New York: Puffin.
Or, W. (2002). Nims Island. New York: Yearling.
Sparks, N. (2009). The Last Song. New York: Grand Central Publishing.

Unit 4: Body and mind


Telgemeir, R. (2010). Smile. New York: Graphix.
Kuskowski, A. (2010). Line Up. Irvine: Saddleback Educational Publishing.
Roald, D. (2002). Danny the Champion of the World. New York: Knopf Books for Young Readers.

110

WEB PAGES
http://www.johnsesl.com/templates/quizzes/LQ.php
http://www.esl-lab.com/
http://www.esldesk.com/esl-links/index.htm
http://www.languagegames.org/la/crossword/english.asp
http://www.esl.about.com/cs/listening/
http://www.sikids.com
http://www.gobartimes.org
http://www.englishlistening.com
http://www.tolearnenglish.com
http://www.focusenglish.com/dialogues/conversation.html
http://www.isabelperez.com
http://www.antimoon.com/how/pronunc-soundsipa.htm
http://www.english-online.org.uk/games/gamezone2.htm
http://www.longlongtimeago.com/
http://www.manythings.org/voa/stories/
http://www.americanliterature.com/twenty-great-american-short-stories
http://www.americanliterature.com/short-story-collections
http://www.timeforkids.com/
http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/
ADDITIONAL AUDIOVISUAL RESOURCES
http://www.ted.com/

111

Ediciones R&B
Teen Club 1 Medio Students Book 2015 Reedicin
N de Inscripcin: 233.237
ISBN: 978-956-8694-37-1
Original text

Lina Alvarado Jantus


Teacher of English
Instituto Profesional Chileno-Britnico

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Teen Club 1 Medio Students Book
N de Inscripcin: 233.237
ISBN: 978-956-8694-27-2
ISBN PACK: 978-956-8694-35-7
Original text

Lina Alvarado Jantus


Teacher of English
Instituto Profesional Chileno-Britnico

Basado en Teen Club 1 Medio:


2010 Ediciones R&B
N de Inscripcin: 183.657
ISBN: 978-956-8694-06-7
Original text

Lina Alvarado Jantus


Teacher of English
Instituto Profesional Chileno-Britnico

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