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ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION COLLEGE

COLLEGES OF NURSING & MIDWIFERY


Tacloban City
MIDTERM EXAM IN NURSING 41B
(Nursing Research 2)
Name: ______________________________

Yr. Level: ___________

Date: ___________

Score: ______

MIDTERM EXAMINATION-Nur 41B


GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:
1. This test contains 50 test questions.
2. Shade only one box for each question in your answer sheet. Two or more boxes shaded will invalidate
your answer.
3. Avoid ERASURES, SUPERIMPOSITIONS, and ALTERATIONS.
4. CHEATING of any form is strictly prohibited.
MULTIPLE CHOICE:

Situation: Researchers goal is to advance knowledge and develop the highest-quality


evidence for practice, using the best method available; however they must also
adhere to the dictates of ethical rules that have been developed to protect human
rights.
1. A problem statement is an expression of the dilemma that needs investigation for the
purpose of providing and direction. It should identify the nature of the problem that is
being addressed in the study and typically its context and significance. If the researcher
would like to compare the coping mechanism of patients with chronic illness to those with
acute illness, which of the following statements is BEST?
a. A Study to Compare the Coping Mechanism of Patients with Chronic Illness and
those with Acute Illness
b. A Descriptive Study to Compare the coping Mechanism of Patients with Chronic
Illness and those with Acute Illness in Terms of Demographic Data
c. A Study of the Differences in the Coping Mechanism of Patients with Chronic Illness
and those with Acute Illness
d. A Comparative Analysis of the Coping Mechanism of Patients with Chronic Illness
and those with Acute Illness
Situation: The use of massage and meditation to help decrease stress and pain have
been strongly recommended based on documented testimonials.
2. Carmenzita wants to do a study on this topic, Effects of Massage and Meditation on Stress
and Pain. The type of research that BEST suits this topic is:
a. Applied research b. Qualitative Research c. Basic Research d. Quantitative
3. The type of research design that does not manipulate independent variable is:
a. Experimental design
c. Non-experimental design
b. Quasi-experimental design
d. Quantitative design
4. Which of the following is TRUE in experimental study?
a. The control group receives the therapy being studied.
b. Conditions affecting the subjects are left uncontrolled to allow generalization of
findings.
c. Subjects are randomly assigned to both experimental and controlled groups.
d. Clients who are likely to perform the best are assigned to the experimental group.
Situation: Jin prepares for the orientation of the new staff of the research department. He plans
to conduct a review of the basic concepts of research.
5. Which of the following types of research makes use of past events to answer a problem?
a. Ex post facto analysis
c. Case study
b. Field experiment
d. Historical research
6. The nurse researcher decided to use experimental design on her study about the effect of
surgical operation on post operative patient routine; however there are experimental
limitations despite of its benefits. Nurses and hospital staff, as well as patients, might be
aware of their participation and both groups might alter their actions accordingly. What
can you call these changes made by the participants?
a. Hawthorne effect b. Halo effect
c. Butterfly effect d. Double
blind
Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN

7. To avoid the above situation, what should the nurse researcher do?
a. Randomize the subject and the person who administer the treatment.
b. Consider the subject, especially in experimental group as powerful component.
c. Tell the participants not to change their behaviour, thus avoid biases.
d. Manipulate all the participants according to researchers will.
Situation: Sampling is an essential part of the research process.
8. A researcher knows that selection of sample is an important factor to consider and must
be given crucial attention because it will serve as a portrait. A researcher should know that
a sample is a group drawn from:
a. Population
b. Universe
c. Study group
d. Representative
9. One of the nurses in research team discusses different sampling method they can use in
their study. The nurse should always keep in mind that most important characteristic of a
sample is:
a. Population subsets
c. Representativeness
b. Randomization
d. Appropriate number
10.A nurse researcher is conducting a lecture to nursing students about different sampling
method when one of the students asks what random sampling is. The nurse researcher is
correct when she stated that random sampling assures that each subject has:
a. Been selected based on criteria
c. Characteristics that match other
samples
b. Been systematically selected
d. An equal chance of selection
11.Among the sampling methods, the nurse researcher knows which of the following methods
is the weakest form of sample selection and should be avoided?
a. Quota
b. Purposive
c. Snowball
d. Convenience
12.The nurse researcher utilized the snowball sampling, in which he can easily get a sample
through the help of the seeds. Seeds in snowball sampling refer to:
a. Samples from the population strata
b. Sample selected by the researcher with set of criteria.
c. Early sample members who can refer other people who meet eligibility criteria
d. Subjects purposely selected and believed to be knowledgeable about the issues
under the study.
13.You decided to include all barangays in the municipality and chose a sampling method that
would get a representative sample from each barangay. The appropriate method would be:
a. Cluster sampling
c. Systematic sampling
b. Stratified sampling
d. Random sampling
14.The nurse researcher chose to use sampling method in obtaining 600 needed participants
in his studies to be conducted at Brgy. Masigla. In his population list, he learned that the
population of the barangay is 40,000. He has chosen the 74 th individual in the list. What
would be the next number of the participant?
a. 82nd
b. 78th
c. 158th
d. 141st
15.The nurse researcher chose to use sampling method in obtaining 500 needed participants
in his studies to be conducted at Brgy. Masigabo. In his population list, he learned that the
population of the barangay is 10,000. He has chosen the 9 th individual in the list. What
would be the next number of the participant?
a. 18th
b. 12th
c. 15th
d. 29th
16.Nurse Melisa selected units in the sample by some sort of chance. Which of the following
sampling methods did Nurse Melisa use?
a. Simple random sampling
c. Stratified sampling
b. Systematic sampling
d. Cluster sampling
17.As a researcher, you know the different types of sampling method. One study has applied
a type of sampling that uses a technique whereby they subdivided the population into
areas or section and then took a random sample from each section. The researcher chose
which type of sampling method?
Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN

a. Purposive sampling
b. Cluster sampling

c. Systematic sampling
d. Stratified sampling

18.Which of the following refers to the device or technique an investigator employs to collect
data:
a. Samples
b. Instruments
c. Sampling technique
d.
Statistical test
19.The nurse researcher used a questionnaire item that allows the respondent complete
freedom. He utilized which type of questionnaire?
a. Open ended
b. Close ended
c. Indirect
d. Direct
Situation: Research findings will help determine how nurses deliver care, educate
each other and manage their practice. Nurses may initiate researches that may
broaden the scope of nursing practice, utilize new methods to assess, plan, deliver, or
evaluate nursing care.
20.The researcher may be guided by the following steps when doing research studies:
1. Statement of the problem & hypothesis
3. Data collection & methodology
2. Results, interpretation and conclusion
4. Theoretical framework and
definition of terms
a. 1, 2, 3, 4
b. 1, 4, 3, 2
c. 1, 3, 4, 2
d. 1, 2, 4, 3
21.Describe the tools, devices, tests and measures used in data collection:
a. Questionnaire
b. Sampling
c. Research methods
Instruments

d.

22.It is a tentative explanation for certain behaviours, phenomena or events which have
occurred or will occur:
a. Constructs
b. Hypothesis
c. Problem statement
d. Theory
23.What is an example of a null hypothesis among the following statements?
a. Patient using the method of faith healing will get well because of their strong faith.
b. The negative attitudes of the caregivers affect the health-seeking behaviour of the
patients.
c. Fish oil is effective in the treatment of anemia.
d. There is no significant relationship between heredity and mental ability
24.An abstract is:
a. A brief introduction of the study
c. A brief summary of the contents of the
entire report
b. Another way to state the research problem d. A summary of the important
findings
25.Since studying the entire population may not be possible because of certain factors,
researchers can draw valid inferences from the population from a small portion of it. The
process of drawing a small portion of the population is called?
a. Inferential statistics
c. Sampling
b. Operationalization
d. Randomization
26.Sample needed in every 10th name on the list or patients in odd number rooms, or every
15th house on the blocks. This sampling is called:
a. Stratified random sampling
c. Purposive sampling
b. Cluster sampling
d. Systematic sampling
27.This is a kind of sampling technique wherein the researcher asks the subjects to suggest
other subjects to the researcher. Which technique is utilized if obtaining subjects are quite
difficult especially when the topic is highly controversial?
a. Purposive sampling
c. Convenience sampling
b. Snow-ball sampling
d. Quota sampling
28.The concept in research is being observed if the research study stands the test of time.
This means that repeated measurements of the same variables should yield similar or
nearly similar results.
a. Reliability
b. Validity
c. Significance
d. Feasibility

Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN

29.He checks if his instruments meet the criteria for evaluation. Which of the following
criteria refers to the consistency or the ability to yield the same response upon its
repeated administration?
a. Validity
b. Reliability
c. Sensitivity
d.
Objectivity
30.Which of the following terms refer to the degree to which an instrument measures what is
supposed to be measured?
a. Validity
b. Reliability
c. Meaningfulness d.
Sensitivity
31.Which criteria refer to the ability of the instrument to detect fine differences among the
subjects being studied?
a. Sensitivity
b. Reliability
c. Validity
d. Objectivity
32.The research variable which includes the behavior, characteristics, or outcome the
researcher is interested in understanding, explaining, pre4dicting, or affecting is the:
a. Independent variable
c. Continuous variable
b. Dependent variable
d. Discrete variable
33.To study children in well-baby clinics, nurse researcher Karen picks a public clinic because
of its geographical proximity and ready access. This type of non-probability sampling
which allows the use of any available group of a research subject is called:
a. Systematic sampling
c. Snowball sampling
b. Convenience sampling
d. Judgment sampling
Situation: Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and conduct research, and
to base their professional practice on emerging evidence from research that is to
adopt an evidence-based practice.
34.A researcher has each sample subject put a four digit number known only to the sample
subject on the questionnaire they turn in to the researcher. This is an example of which of
the below?
a. Anonymity
b. Confidentiality c. Informed consent
d.
Autonomy
35.A safety mechanism by which even the researcher cannot link the data to an individual
sample subject is called:
a. Confidentiality
b. Anonymity
c. Informed consent
d. Right to privacy
36.A nurse must protect subjects of research:
a. By distracting them when they ask questions about what another researcher is
doing in the project.
b. By accepting parental consent while keeping school-aged children protected from
knowing the nature of the research they are part of.
c. By keeping them unaware of the real intent of clinical trials.
d. By refraining from conducting research that involves undue physical or
psychological risk even if the subjects have given their consent.
37.The study examines, the changes in the psychological status of caregivers of postsurgical patients with cancer and how their status was affected by (a) whether caregivers
had physical problems of their own, and (b) whether the patient received a home care
intervention. This is an example of a(n):
a. Operational definition
c. Limitation
b. Problem statement
d. Purpose
38.Which statement below BEST describes the concept of a studys limitations?
a. Limitations are the cause variable or the thing manipulated by the researcher.
b. Limitations are beliefs that are held to be true but have not necessarily been
proven.
c. Limitations are extraneous variables, which are uncontrolled in the study. They
could affect the outcomes of the study and the generalizations of the findings.
d. Limitations are the definitions of how a variable will be observed or measured in the
study.

Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN

Situation: Nurses are increasingly engaged in disciplined methods to answer


questions or solve problems. The ultimate goal of research is to develop, refine, and
expand nursing as a body of knowledge.
39. A research study that has its main objective the accurate portray of the characteristics of
people, situations, or groups, and the frequency with which certain phenomena occur is
called:
a. Comparative research
c. Correlation research
b. Descriptive research
d. Research utilization
40.The outcome variable of interest is called:
a. Independent variable
b. Dependent variable

c. Outcome study
d. Variable

41.Nurse Hannah is assisting the nurse researcher with an experimental research project. This
type of research:
a. Describes a situation, problem, or phenomenon in the community.
b. Measures the effectiveness of a program, practice or policy.
c. Controls the independent variable and randomly assigns subjects to different
conditions.
d. Investigates the possibility of undertaking a research study.
42.Nurse Jean Grey is participating a quantitative research study. Which of the following is a
major characteristic of this type of research?
a. Holistic design
c. Complete and broad focus
b. Deductive reasoning
d. Analysis of words and individual
interpretation
43.The nurse is planning a research study. The first step that this nurse will do in this process
is:
a. Review relevant literature
c. Select a research design
b. Create a statement of the research problem d. Delineate the conceptual
framework

44.Distinguish between the problem statement and the purpose.


a. The purpose is best stated in a question format, and the problem statement is most
clearly stated in a declarative statement.
b. There is no difference between the problem statement and the purpose.
c. A problem statement in the form of a question is found more frequently in the
literature than a purpose statement
d. The problem statement and the purpose are often used interchangeably in the
literature.
45.A student asks you to explain the difference between conceptual definition and an
operational definition. You try to explain the difference to the student, by providing an
example of an operational definition for depression. Which of the following is an example
of an operational definition for depression?
a. Being hospitalized by a psychiatrist
c. Taking an antidepressant
b. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory
d. An overwhelming feeling of
sadness
46.A researcher is interested in demonstrating that emergency room nurses have more work
related stress than nurses in intensive care units. Several stress indexes are given to the
nurses in both groups. The scores from the indexes are then compared. What type of
design would the researcher use?
a. Experimental
c. Comparative design
b. Non-equivalent control group design
d. A & B
47.The researcher is using an experimental design to explore a different teaching approach
effect on cheating in the classroom. The control group is receiving the standard classroom
environment. The experimental group is receiving the new approach, which includes in the
classroom a teacher, two assistant teachers and two observers in lab coats. What threat to
validity is strongest in this situation?
a. Reactive effects of the pretest or measurement effect
b. Selection bias
c. Hawthorne effect
Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN

d. Halo effect
48.Random sampling or probability sampling includes all the following techniques, EXCEPT:
a. Simple random sampling
c. Purposive sampling
b. Stratified random sampling
d. Cluster sampling
49.The variable which is influenced by the intervention of the researcher is called:
a. Independent
b. Dependent
c. Discrete
d. Extraneous
50.Felipe is a member of the Nursing Research Council of the hospital. His first assignment is
to determine the level of patient satisfaction on the care they received from the hospital.
He plans to include all adult patients admitted from April to May, with average length of
stay 3-4 days, first admission, and with no complications. Which of the following is an
extraneous variable of the study?
a. Date of admission b. Length of stay c. Age of patients d. Absence of
complications

Hakuna Matata

Prepared by: Mr. Charlie C. Falguera, RN, MAN