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Journal of Mathematics and Technology, ISSN: 2078-0257, No.

3, August, 2010

USE OF PI AND STORET METHODS TO EVALUTE


WATER QUALITY STATUS OF BRANTAS RIVER
Mohammad Sholichin 1, Faridah Othman 2, Lily Montarcih Limantara 1
1

Department of Water Resources, Faculty of Engineering,


Brawijaya University (INDONESIA)
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,
University of Malaya (MALAYSIA)

ABSTRACT
Degradation of water quality in Brantas river will increase in the future, if many source of pollutant such as
industrial wastewaters, urban wastewaters, and poultry farms are not considered to be handled effectively. This
studied were evaluated the Brantas River based on both Pollutant Index (PI) and STRORET methods and to
determine the Brantas water quality level. The analysis was conducted on water quality data that was collected
during 2006 to 2008 from 19 water quality monitoring stations. Based on PI method, 70% from data collected had
been results index value more > 10. Meanwhile, according on STORET model results was indicated that index
value more than - 31. Therefore, Brantas River was classified highly polluted especially in down stream reach
into Madura strait.
Key words: Water Quality, Pollutant Index and STORET
1. INTRODUCTION
The quality of surface water has become a critical issue in many countries, especially due to concern that
fresh water will be a scarce resource in the future so a water quality monitoring programs is necessary for the
protection of fresh water resources [1]. The Brantas River basin in East Java, Indonesia is the most urbanization
region in Indonesia where about 18 million people are living in the Brantas catchments area and depend on its
resources. The Brantas River with a total length of 320 km and a catchments area of 11,050 km2 is the second
largest river of Java. It functions as the most important source of water supply in the East Java Province
especially for Surabaya big City [2]. The condition of Brantas river basin from upstream reach to downstream has
different problem of the pollutant load. In up stream reach, sources of pollutant dominate by agricultural and in
downstream reach, sources of pollutant dominate by industrial influences and domestic wastewater [3]. The
Government authority and Non Government Organization (NGO) have been concern to problem solved of
Brantas river pollution since many years ago until present. The one of popular program for protection and
development of river environment is called PROKASIH. The purpose of the program is to improve water quality by
seeking pollution reduction from the most important sources of water pollution in Indonesia. The Environmental
Impact Management Agency (BAPEDAL) chose to use the PROKASIH program to introduce control of industrial
pollution of Indonesias rivers and to begin implementation of the Water Pollution Control Regulations
(PP20/1990), and related Ministerial Decree on Effluent Discharge (KEPMEN 03/1991)
Several methods have been introduced to assess the status of water quality in the stream [4, 5, 6, 7]. The
water quality index has been considered as one criterion for surface water classifications, based on the use of
standard parameters for water characterization [8, 9]. The water quality status has been considered as one
criterion for surface water classifications, based on the use of standard parameters for water characterization.
This index is a numeric expression used to transform large quantities of water characterization data into a single
number, which represents the water quality level [8]. The previous studies were show that a model approach can
be used to estimate the impacts of water quality management programs in river basins [10]. The models are
possible to recommendations for different levels of treatment derived in order to improve the water quality [11].
The objective of this paper to evaluate water quality status of Brantas river using integrated the STORET
and pollutant index method and to advice the related local governments in improving of water quality
2. MATERIALS AND METHOD
The Brantas River basin is located in East Java province on the island of Java, Indonesia and lies between
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110 30 and 112 55 east longitude and 7 01 and 8 15 south latitude. The basin is bounded by Mt. Bromo
(2,393 m) and Mt. Semeru (3,676 m) in the east, a series of low Kidul ridges (elevation 300 to 500 m) in the south,
Mt. Wilis (2,169 m) and its ridges in the west and Kedung low ridges with the Madura Strait in the north. In the
middle of the basin is the Arjuno mountain complex consisting of Mt. Arjuno (3,339 m), Mt. Butak (2,868 m) and
Mt. Kelud (1,731 m). The basin covers nine regencies or districts: Sidoarjo, Mojokerto, Malang, Blitar, Kediri,
Nganjuk, Jombang, Tulungagung, Trenggalek and five urban centers or municipalities; Surabaya (capital of East
Java), Mojokerto, Malang, Kediri, Blitar [12] (Figure 1).

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