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Project

Job Ref.

Raft Foundation Design for a Typical 2 Storey House Example


(BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)
Sheet no./rev.

Section

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr. Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering Consulting Company for
Structural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Rock Mechanics,
Foundation Engineering & Retaining Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Chk'd by

Date

App'd by

Date

Dr.C.Sachpazis 23/04/2013

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210 5711263 - Fax.:+30 210 5711461 Mobile: (+30) 6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944, costas@sachpazis.info

RAFT FOUNDATION DESIGN (BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)


Asslabtop

A sedgetop

hslab

A sedgelink

hhcoreslab

hedge
hboot

aedge

A sslabbtm

hhcorethick

bboot

bedge

Asedgebtm

Raft and soil definition


Soil definition
Allowable bearing pressure;

qallow = 75.0 kN/m

No of types of soil;

Two or more types;

Soil density;

Design depresn dia under slab;

depslab = 3350 mm;

Design depn dia under thicks; depthick = 3400 mm

Firm to loose;

Max dim between joints;

lmax = 10.000 m;

Slab thickness;

Depth of hcore beneath slab;

hhcoreslab = 150 mm;

Concrete strength;

fcu = 35 N/mm ;

Raft slab definition

hslab = 200 mm

(Dispersal allowed for bearing pressure check);


Poissons ratio of concrete;

= 0.2

Slab mesh reinft strength;

fyslab = 500 N/mm ;

Partial safety factor for reinft;

s = 1.15;

Min mesh for shrinkage (top);

A142;

Actual mesh adopted in top;

2 x A142;

Mesh adopted in bottom;

A393;

Cover to top reinforcement;

ctop = 20 mm;

Cover to btm reinforcement;

cbtm = 40 mm

Overall depth;

hedge = 450 mm;

Width;

bedge = 450 mm

Width of boot;

bboot = 180 mm

Strength of link reinft;

fys = 500 N/mm

Edge beam definition


Depth of boot;

hboot = 225 mm;

Angle of chamfer to horizontal;

edge = 60 deg

Strength of main bar reinft;

fy = 500 N/mm ;

Project

Job Ref.

Raft Foundation Design for a Typical 2 Storey House Example


(BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)
Sheet no./rev.

Section

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr. Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering Consulting Company for
Structural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Rock Mechanics,
Foundation Engineering & Retaining Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Chk'd by

Date

App'd by

Date

Dr.C.Sachpazis 23/04/2013

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210 5711263 - Fax.:+30 210 5711461 Mobile: (+30) 6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944, costas@sachpazis.info

Reinft provided in top;

3 T25 Asedgetop = 1473 mm ;

Reinft provided in bottom;

Link reinft provided;

2 T10 legs at 275 ctrs (Asv/sv = 0.571 mm);

Bottom cover to links;

cbeam = 40 mm

Boot main reinforcement;

T8 at 300 ctrs (Asboot = 168 mm /m);

2 T25 Asedgebtm=982 mm

Internal beam definition

Asslabtop

A sinttop

A sintlink

hslab
hhcoreslab

hint
aint

A sslabbtm

hhcorethick
Asintbtm

bint

Overall depth;

hint = 450 mm;

Width;

bint = 450 mm

Strength of link reinft;

fys = 500 N/mm

Reinft provided in bottom;

2 T20 (Asintbtm=628 mm );

Angle of chamfer to horizontal;

int = 60 deg

Strength of main bar reinft;

fy = 500 N/mm ;

Reinft provided in top;

2 T20 (Asinttop = 628 mm );

Link reinft provided;

2 T10 legs at 225 ctrs (Asv/sv = 0.698 mm);

Bottom cover to links;

cbeam = 40 mm

2
2

Slab design checks


Basic loading
Slab self weight;

Hardcore;

whcoreslab = 3.2 kN/m

Live udl;

wLudl = 2.0 kN/m

wslab = 4.8 kN/m ;

Applied loading
Dead udl;

wDudl = 0.5 kN/m ;

Slab bearing pressure check


Total uniform load at formation;

wudl = 10.5 kN/m

Pass - wudl <= qallow - Applied bearing pressure is less than allowable;

Project

Job Ref.

Raft Foundation Design for a Typical 2 Storey House Example


(BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)
Sheet no./rev.

Section

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr. Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering Consulting Company for
Structural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Rock Mechanics,
Foundation Engineering & Retaining Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Chk'd by

Dr.C.Sachpazis 23/04/2013

Date

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210 5711263 - Fax.:+30 210 5711461 Mobile: (+30) 6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944, costas@sachpazis.info

Slab bending check


2

Area of steel reqd in top;

Asslabtopreq = 260 mm /m

Pass - Asslabtopreq <= Asslabtop - Area of reinforcement provided in top to span local depressions is adequate;
Area of steel reqd in btm;

Asslabbtmreq = 260 mm /m

Pass - Asslabbtmreq <= Asslabbtm - Area of reinforcement provided in bottom to span local depressions is adequate;
2

Applied shear stress;

v = 0.055 N/mm ;

Shear capacity;

vc = 0.481 N/mm

Pass - v <= vc - Shear capacity of slab is adequate;


Internal slab deflection check
Allowable span to depth ratio;

Ratioallow = 52.000;

Actual span to depth ratio;

Ratioactual = 23.493

Pass - Ratioactual <= Ratioallow - Slab span to depth ratio is adequate;


Edge beam design checks
Basic loading
2

Hardcore;

whcorethick = 2.1 kN/m ;

Edge load number 1;

Edge beam self weight;

wedge = 7.0 kN/m

Load type;

Longitudinal line load

Dead load;

wDedge1 = 13.2 kN/m;

Live load;

wLedge1 = 0.0 kN/m

Longitudinal line load width;

bedge1 = 102 mm;

Centroid of load;

xedge1 = 51 mm

Load type;

Longitudinal line load

Dead load;

wDedge2 = 16.1 kN/m;

Live load;

wLedge2 = 5.6 kN/m

Longitudinal line load width;

bedge2 = 100 mm;

Centroid of load;

xedge2 = 230 mm

Edge load number 2;

Edge beam bearing pressure check


2

Area of top steel reqd in slab to distribute loads;

Asslabreq = 89 mm /m

Pass - Asslabreq <= Asslabtop - Area of reinforcement provided to transfer moment into slab is adequate;
The allowable bearing pressure under the edge beam will not be exceeded;
Edge beam bending and shear check
Area of steel reqd in top;

Asedgetopreq = 604 mm

Pass - Asedgetopreq <= Asedgetop - Area of reinforcement provided in top of edge beams is adequate;
Area of steel reqd in bottom;

Asedgebtmreq = 625 mm

Pass - Asedgebtmreq <= Asedgebtm - Area of reinforcement provided in bottom of edge beams is adequate;
2

Applied shear stress;

vedge = 0.565 N/mm ;

Link area/spacing ratio reqd;

Asv_upon_svreqedge = 0.534 mm

Link area/spacing ratio prov;

Asv_upon_svprovedge = 0.571 mm

Design conc shear strength;

vcedge = 0.607 N/mm

Pass - Asv_upon_svreqedge <= Asv_upon_svprovedge - Shear reinforcement provided in edge beams is adequate;
Boot design check
Area of reinforcement req;

Asbootreq = 62 mm /m;

Area of reinft provided;

Asboot = 168 mm /m

Pass - Asbootreq <= Asboot - Area of reinforcement provided in boot is adequate for bending;
Applied shear stress;

vboot = 0.174 N/mm ;

Design conc shear strength;

vcboot = 0.390 N/mm

Pass - vboot <= vcboot - Shear capacity of the boot is adequate;


Corner design checks
Applied loading
Corner load number 1;
Dead load;

wDcorner1 = 13.2 kN/m;

Load type;

Line load in x direction

Live load;

wLcorner1 = 0.0 kN/m

Project

Job Ref.

Raft Foundation Design for a Typical 2 Storey House Example


(BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)
Sheet no./rev.

Section

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr. Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering Consulting Company for
Structural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Rock Mechanics,
Foundation Engineering & Retaining Structures.

Calc. by

Date

Chk'd by

Dr.C.Sachpazis 23/04/2013

Date

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210 5711263 - Fax.:+30 210 5711461 Mobile: (+30) 6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944, costas@sachpazis.info

Centroid of load;

ycorner1 = 51 mm

Corner load number 2;


Dead load;

wDcorner2 = 16.1 kN/m;

Centroid of load;

ycorner2 = 230 mm

Corner load number 3;


Dead load;

wDcorner3 = 14.3 kN/m;

Centroid of load;

xcorner3 = 51 mm

Corner load number 4;


Dead load;

wDcorner4 = 11.7 kN/m;

Centroid of load;

xcorner4 = 230 mm

Load type;

Line load in x direction

Live load;

wLcorner2 = 5.6 kN/m

Load type;

Line load in y direction

Live load;

wLcorner3 = 0.0 kN/m

Load type;

Line load in y direction

Live load;

wLcorner4 = 0.0 kN/m

Corner bearing pressure check


Area of top steel reqd in beam to distribute load;

Ascornerbp = 703 mm

Pass - Ascornerbp <= Asedgetop - Area of reinforcement provided to resist eccentric moment is adequate;
The allowable bearing pressure at the corner will not be exceeded;
Corner beam bending and shear check
Area of top steel reqd in beam;

Ascorner = 1255 mm

Pass - Ascorner <= Asedgetop - Area of reinforcement provided in top of edge beams at corners is adequate;
2

Applied shear stress;

vcorner = 0.690 N/mm ;

Link area/spacing ratio reqd;

Asv_upon_svreqcorner = 0.534 mm

Link area/spacing ratio prov;

Asv_upon_svprovedge = 0.571 mm

Design conc shear strength;

vccorner = 0.606 N/mm

Pass - Asv_upon_svreqcorner <= Asv_upon_svprovedge - Shear reinforcement provided in edge beams at corners is adequate;
Corner beam deflection check
Allowable span to depth ratio;

Ratioallowcorner = 7.719;

Actual span to depth ratio;

Ratioactualcorner = 6.488

Pass - Ratioactualcorner <= Ratioallowcorner - Edge beam span to depth ratio is adequate;
Internal beam design checks
Basic loading
2

Hardcore;

whcorethick = 2.1 kN/m ;

Internal beam load number 1;

Internal beam self weight;

wint = 7.1 kN/m

Load type;

Longitudinal line load

Dead load;

wDint1 = 11.1 kN/m;

Live load;

wLint1 = 5.3 kN/m

Longitudinal line load width;

bint1 = 140 mm;

Centroid of load from c-line;

xint1 = 0 mm

Internal beam bearing pressure check


Applied bearing pressure;

qint = 42.1 kN/m

Pass - qint <= qallow - Applied bearing pressure is less than allowable;
Area of top steel reqd due to depn under slab/to resist moment due to load eccentricity;

Asslabtopintreq = 58 mm /m

PASS - Asslabtopintreq <= Asslabtop - Area of reinf't in top of slab is adequate to transfer moment due to load eccentricity;
Area of btm steel reqd to resist moment due to load eccentricity;

Asslabbtmintreq = 0 mm /m

PASS - Asslabbtmintreq <= Asslabbtm - Area of reinf't in bottom of slab is adequate to transfer moment due to load
eccentricity;
Internal beam bending and shear check
Area of steel reqd in top;

Asinttopreq = 483 mm

Pass - Asinttopreq <= Asinttop - Area of reinforcement provided in top of internal beams is adequate;

Project

Job Ref.

Raft Foundation Design for a Typical 2 Storey House Example


(BS8110 : PART 1 : 1997)
Sheet no./rev.

Section

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr. Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering Consulting Company for
Structural Engineering, Soil Mechanics, Rock Mechanics,
Foundation Engineering & Retaining Structures.

Calc. by

Date

Dr.C.Sachpazis 23/04/2013

Chk'd by

Date

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210 5711263 - Fax.:+30 210 5711461 Mobile: (+30) 6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944, costas@sachpazis.info

Area of steel reqd in bottom;

Asintbtmreq = 505 mm

Pass - Asintbtmreq <= Asintbtm - Area of reinforcement provided in bottom of internal beams is adequate;
2

Applied shear stress;

vint = 0.369 N/mm ;

Link area/spacing ratio reqd;

Asv_upon_svreqint = 0.653 mm

Link area/spacing ratio prov;

Asv_upon_svprovint = 0.698 mm

Design conc shear strength;

vcint = 0.423 N/mm

Pass - Asv_upon_svreqint <= Asv_upon_svprovint - Shear reinforcement provided in internal beams is adequate