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Psychoactive Drugs


SWBAT identify and describe the dangers and effects of different psychoactive drugs.
In your drill section of your notebook.

What do you already know about psychoactive drugs?

Psychoactive drugs are chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity
in the brain

Psychoactive Drugs: chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in
the brain

Designer Drugs: synthetic drugs that that are made to imitate the effects of other drugs

Hallucinogens: drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions, including vision,
hearing, smell, and touch

Euphoria: a feeling of intense well-being or elation

Vocabulary (continued)

Depressants: drugs that tend to slow the central nervous system

Club Drugs: drugs that are disguised in foods or put in a persons drink w/o their

Stimulants: drugs that speed up the CNS

Opiates (narcotics): drugs such as those derived from the opium plant that are obtainable
only by prescription and are used to relieve pain
Psychoactive Drugs Basic Characteristics

Changes the functioning of the Central Nervous System

When abused or misused, a persons health and functioning capacity of all body systems
are seriously affected

Leads to poor judgment and behaviors which can put teens and adults using abusively at
risk of injury, violence, STDs, pregnancy, and suicide
Club Drugs

Disguising drugs into foods or slipping them into drinks: illegal

Able to be several 100x stronger than regular drugs

Ecstasy (MDMA): shares the effects of stimulants and hallucinogens. May cause: shortterm euphoria

Rohypnol (roofies): depressants (sedatives specifically) that are colorless, odorless, and

The date-rape drug: related to unwanted physical contact, unplanned pregancy,


Having sex w/ someone under the influence of Rohypnol: illegal

Club Drugs (continued)

Meth (methamphetamine):

Stimulant that is white, odorless, and easily dissolves in alcohol or water

Creates short- term euphoria, depression, paranoia, delusions, and death


Anesthetic used to treat animals

Causes hallucinations and possible respiratory failure

GHB (gamma hydroxybutyric acid):

Depressant that is AVAILABLE as clear liquid, white powder, tablets, and capsules

Date-rape drug
Club Drugs (cont.)

LSD (lysergic acid diethyiamide)

LSD is an acid

Can cause hallucinations, flashbacks, and serious emotions that can lead to serious injury
or death

DXM (Dextromethorphan/ tussin):

Cough suppressant sold over the counter that when used as directed is not harmful

Misuse: hallucinations, paranoia, panic attack, nausea, increased heart rate and BP,
seizures, and addiction

PCP (phencyclidine): distorts sense of time, increases muscle strength and feelings of
violence which may lead to physical harm to self and others

Death is usually caused because of this behavior


Name for hallucinogens found in nature whether plant- or fungal-based

When eaten: hallucinations, nausea, and flashbacks

Able to lead to poisoning and death (usually only found when bought from a drug dealer
who sells a toxic species)
Opiate Overview

Group of highly addictive drugs that are derived from the poppy plant that are used as
pain relievers, anesthetics, and sedatives

Narcotic used to relieve pain and only obtained by prescription legally- pharmacists record
# of sales
Opiate examples

Codeine: highly addictive ingredient in some cough medicines

Causes drowsiness, dizziness, labored breathing, low blood pressure, seizures, and
respiratory arrest

Morphine: one of the strongest codeine drugs.

Generally prescribed for a short period of time to treat severe pain

Side-affects: fast/slow heartbeat, seizures, hallucinations, blurred vision, rashes, and

difficulty swallowing
Opiate examples (cont.)

Heroin: processed version of morphine that can either be snorted, injected, or smoked.

Slows breathing and pulse, can create infection of heart linings and liver disease, and
coma and death (large dose)

Comes in white-brownish powder and black, sticky tar

HIV and Hepatitis B can spread from unclean needles

Fetal death

Brand name: OxyContin

Under prescription and supervision of doctor, it is used to relieve moderate to severe

chronic pain

Strong opiate

Effects: respiratory suppression which may lead to death from respiratory failure

Drugs that temporarily increase a persons energy and alertness

Amphetamines: highly addictive and helps people stay alert and lose weight. If regularly
used: irregular heartbeat/heart failure. paranoia, aggressive behavior.

Cocaine: fast-acting and highly addictive white powder that comes from coca plant leaves.
Gives feelings of confidence but eventual depression. Results of using: fatigue, paranoia,
physiological and cardiac problems, and malnutrition.
Stimulants (continued)

Crack: a more dangerous form of cocaine. Reaches brain seconds after being smoked or

Creates heart rate and blood pressure to rise to near-fatal levels

Death: Cardiac or respiratory failure

Mixing drugs exponetially increases risk of death


Able to slow heart + respiration rates and lower blood pressure

Alcohol: commonly used depressant

Combining depressants: shallow breathing, weak or rapid pulse, coma, and death

Barbituates: sedatives rarely used for medical purposes. Some users feel intoxicated
after using.

Causes: mood changes, excessive sleepiness, and coma

Combining w/ alcohol: fatal

Depressant examples (continued)

Tranquilizers: relieves anxiety, muscle spasms, sleeplessness, and nervousness

When overused: causes psychological and physiological dependence, coma, and death

Jeopardy Game

In small groups, you will answer questions based on your knowledge of this unit.

Once a question is up, someone from your group must raise their hand.

If any of the teachers call on you or your other group members, you must announce the
answer (if you dont announce in 5 seconds, another group must answer)

You may use your note sheet

You may talk w/ your group

Most of all: Have Fun!


Why do you think it is important to follow directions from your doctor or pharmacist when
taking a prescription drug such a as codeine?

Dont want to get an overdose or addicted. If you dont do as told you have: headaches,
vomiting, dizziness, difficulty breathing, rashes, and seizures