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ORBIT

13. Alpha-particles are


MBBS PREPARATION a) protons b) positron
Wave Nature of Matter c) neutrally charged d) ionized helium atoms.
1. The wavelength of the matter waves is independent of: 14. When the hydrogen atom is changed form its ground state to excited state
a) mass b) velocity c) momentum d) charge a) P.E. increases but K.E. decreases b) K.E increases but P.E. decreases
2. Wave particle duality of matter suggests that it is not possible to measure the time interval c) P.E. increases d) K.E. increases
with certainty simultaneously with: 15. which of the following is deflected by electric field?
a) location b) momentum c) energy d) mass a) -particles b) -rays c) X-rays d) Neutrons
3. Matter waves 16. Threshold wavelength for a metal is 5200 Å. Photo-electrons will be ejected, if it is
a) are electromagnetic waves b) are transverse waves irradiated by a light from
c) are longitudinal waves d) exhibit diffraction a) 50 watt infrared lamp b) 1 watt infrared lamp
4. The de Broglie wavelength of an atom of mass m of a diatomic gas at temperature T will be: c) 50 watt ultraviolet lamp d) 0.5 watt infrared lamp
h h h h 17. Rn decays into P0 by emitting an -particle with half-life of 4 days. A sample contains
a) b) c) d) 6.4 1010 atoms of Rn. After 12 days, the number of atoms of Rn left in the sample will
3mkT 3mkT 5mkT 5mkT be
5. For the Davison Germer experiment if the angle of diffraction be 52, then what is the a) 3.21010 b) 0.531010 c) 2.11010 d) 0.81010
glancing angle? 18. The ratio of longest wavelength and the shortest wavelength as observed in the five
a) 26 b) 64 c) 52 d) 104 spectral series of emission spectrum of Hydrogen is
6. What will be the momentum of a neutron of wavelength 0.1 nm? 4 525 900
a) 6.610-24 kg m/s b) 6.610-34 kg m/s a) b) c) 25 d)
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c) 6.610 kg m/s d) 6.610-14 kg m/s 3 376 11
7. The de Broglie wavelength associated with an electron is 4Å. What is its momentum? 19. De Broglie’s equation states the
a) 6.610-24 kg m/s b) 3.310-24 kg m/s a) particle nature b) wave nature c) dual nature d) none of these
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c) 1.6510 kg m/s d) 10-24 kg m/s 20. what will happen to de Broglie’s wavelength if the velocity of electron is increased?
8. What is the de Broglie wavelength associated with nth orbital electron? Given that the a) it will increase b) it will decrease
radius of the orbit is r. c) it will remain same d) it will become twice
21. Light of frequency v is incident on a substance of threshold frequency v0 (v0 < v). the
r 2r energy of the emitted photo-electron will be
a) 2rn b) rn c) d)
n n a) h(v- v0) b) h/v c) he(v- v0) d) h/v0
An -particle and deuteron are moving with the same momenta. What will be the ratio A
9. 22. A nucleus Z X emits an -particle. The resultant nucleus emits a + particle. The
of their de Broglie wavelengths?
respective atomic and mass nos. of the final nucleus will be
1 a) Z-3, A-4 b) Z-1, A-4 c) Z-2, A-4 d) Z, A-2
a) b) 2 c) 1 d) 2
23. In an X-ray tube, X-ray are produced by electro accelerated by V volts. The maximum
2
frequency of the X-rays is
10. de Broglie wavelength of a body of mass m and kinetic energy E is given by: a) ehV b) hV/e c) eh/V d) eV/h
h h 2 mE h
a) = b) = c)   d)   24. When a proton is accelerated through 1 V, then its kinetic energy will be
2 mE 2 mE h mE a) 1840eV b) 13.6 eV c) 1 eV d) 0.54 eV
11. A photon of energy 8 eV is incident on a metal surface4 of threshold frequency 25. If the wavelength of proton and photon are same, then which of the following property is same
1.61015 Hz. The K.E. of the photoelectrons emitted is ( in eV) (Take h=610-34 Js) for both?
a) 6 b) 1.6 c) 1.2 d) 2 a) frequency b) Momentum c) Velocity d) Energy
12. Frequency of the series limit of Balmer series of hydrogen atom in terms of Rydberg 26. Which out of the following will have longest wavelength associated with it?
constant R and velocity of light C is:] a) Electron b) proton c) Deutron d) Photon.
RC 4 27. An electron beam accelerated through 600 V is incident on a metallic foil. The distance
a) RC b) c) 4RC d) between the arrays of atoms of the metal is 0.6 Å. What is the angle of diffraction for first
4 RC maximum?
a) sin-10.4 b) sin-10.6 c) sin-10.8 d) sin-11.0
28. What is the de Broglie wavelength of 1 kg mass moving with a velocity of 10 m/s?
a) 6.626  10-33m b) 6.626  10-34m c) 6.626  10-35m d) none of the above
29. A photon ad a neutron are moving with the same kinetic energy. What is the ratio of p/n?
a) 1 b) 1.6  10-19 c) 1/1.6  10-19 d) None of the above
30. Through what potential difference should an electron be accelerated to associated a de Broglie
wave of length 1 Å with it?
a) 50 V b) 100V c) 150V d) 200V
31. The de Broglie wavelength of an electron is 0.5 nm. What is the retarding potential required to
stop it?
a) 2 V b) 3 V c) 4 V d) 6 V