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Date: 13/02/2015

Assignment 1: CHM 102


Q: Why first ionization energy of the atomic nitrogen is less than that of the molecular
nitrogen.
Q: Illustrate and compare the Bents rule in CH3 radical and CF3 radical.
Q: Explain the principle of close packing.
Q: Why Ni(CO)4 is liquid even though it has only weak London forces at room temperature?
Q: Define hydrogen bond and its properties.
Q: Which would be more polarisable, an F- ion or a I- ion?
Q: Which would be more polarizing, Na+ or Cs+?
Q: Explain why there is no hydrogen bonding in either propane or trichloromethane?
Q: Explain the trend in boiling point of X2 molecules:
F2: 85 oC, Cl2: 238 oC, Br2: 332 oC, I2: 457 oC.
Q: Why melting point of K halides are greater than Ag halides?
Q: What is relativistic effect?
Q: Discuss the factors affecting atomic inversion.
Q: Discuss the structure of PF5 at low temperature and at room temperature.
Q: Explain the effect of hydration energy on the process of crystallization.
Q: Predict the shape of an SF4 molecule.
Q: Predict the order of bond enthalpies and bond length for C-N, C=N, CN bonds.
Q: Four elements arbitrarily labelled A, B, C, D have electronegativities 3.8, 3.3, 2.8, 1.3
respectively. Place the compounds AB, AD, BD and AC in order of increasing covalent
character.
Q: Predict what kind of bonding is likely to dominate in P2O5.
Q: Explain why HCl reacts with borazine but not with benzene?
Q: Explain the structure of white phosphorous.
Q: Does or does not planarity of the ring affect the stability of phosphazenes.
Q: Draw the possible conformers of tetrameric phosphazenes.

Q: Discuss the strength of S-N bond in S3N3-. Can this molecule act as analogue of benzene.
Q: Explain the nature of bonding in B2H6.
Q: Draw the possible structures for XeF6.
Q. Write the electron configurations of (a) Be2, (b) B2, (c) C2-, (d) F2+.
Q. Use MO diagrams determine the number of unpaired electrons in (a) O2-, (b) O2+.
Q. Predict which one is linear or bent in following by Walsh diagram
(a) BeH2

(b) BH2 (c) H2O (d) BeH2+ (e) CH2

(f) NH2

Q. What is the correlation between bond strength, bond order and bond length? Determine the
bond order of O2 -, andO22-.
Q. IF7 exist but ICl7 and IBr7 does not? Explain why?
Q. At room temperature neo-pentane is gas whereas n-pentane is liquid. Why?
Q. At 25 0C chlorine is a gas whereas bromine is a liquid. Why?
Q. Arrange the boiling point of the following element or compounds listed:
(a) H2O, H2S, H2Se, H2Te.
(b) CH4, CH3Cl, CH2Cl2, CHCl3, CCl4.
(c) Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon.
(d) HF, HCl, HBr, HI.
Q. Which hydrogen bond is expected to be stronger: S-HO or O-HS?
Q. Arrange these in increasing order of Lewis acid character: BF3, BCl3, BBr3.
Q. BCl3 exist as monomer while Al2Cl6 as dimer Why?
Q. Suggest a structure for P4O6S4, synthesized from P4O10 and P4S10.
Q.CCl4 does not hydrolyse but SiCl4 hydrolyse Why?
Q. Predict the geometry in N(CH3)3 and N(SiH3)3.
Q. Predict the number of P-O bonds in P4O6, P4O8 andP4O10.
Q. What is the hybridization of P and N in [PNCl2]3.
Q.Describe the origin of the diagonal relationship between lithium and magnesium.
Q.Why Ba forms peroxide but Be does not?
Q.Why compounds of Be are covalent whereas those of other Group 2 elements are
predominantly ionic?

Q. Why Group 1 hydroxides are much more corrosive than Group 2 hydroxides?
Q. What are the similarities and differences in the structures of layered BN and graphite?
Q.Explain why CsI3 is stable with respect to the elements but NaI3 is not?
Q.Why helium is present in the low concentration in the atmosphere even though it is the
second most abundant element in the universe?
Q.AlF3 is ionic but AlCl3 is covalent. Explain.
Q.Why the enthalpy change is more for the formation of BrF3 than IF5?
Q.Which of the following: H2O and F2O will have the larger bond angle?
Q.Why water can hydrogen bond more effectively than HF?
Q. Gas phase BeCl2 forms a dimer of structure,

Describe the bonding of the chlorine bridges in this dimer via MO theory.
State the structure of this molecule in crystal and if heated to 900 C.
Q. MgSO4 dissolves in water but BaSO4 is insoluble, why?
Q.The bond angles of the hydrides of the Group-15(VA) elements are as follows:
NH3 (107.8),PH3(93.6), AsH3 (91.8) and SbH3(91.3). Account for this.
Q. The triiodide is linear whereas the triiodinium cation is bent, why ?
Q. What will be the structure of Al(C6H5)3? Do you think it exists as a dimer. If
so then represent the same diagrammatically .
Q. The azide ion N3- is linear with N-N bond distances:
a. Describe the - M.O of azide.
b. Describe in HOMO-LUMO terms , the reaction between azide and H+ ions to form
hydrazoic acid HN3.
c.The terminal N-N bond distance in HN3 is shorter than the central N-N distance in
this molecule.

Q. Identify the compounds A, B and C.

Q. The S-S bond distance in S2, the major component of sulphur vapour, above 720

C is 189pm which is shorter than S-S distance (206 pm) in S8 . Explain.

Q. What type of H-bonding is present in the following -

Also comment on, the O-H bond length of the above-mentioned compounds with
change of the concentration of the solution.
Q. Methanol (CH3OH), Ethanol (EtOH), Acetone (Me2CO), Pyridine are soluble in
water, but benzene, toluene, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) are insoluble in H2O. Why?
Q. In HF2- and (HF)n, the F-H-F bond distances are 226 pm & 255 pm respectively, and
the bond energies are 113 kJ/mol & 29.5 kJ/mol respectively. Comment.
Q. The dielectric constant of HCN is much higher than HF. Explain.
Q. What will be the order of the dielectric constant in the following H2O, (CH3)2O, CH3OH, HF, HCN

Q . For the following reaction, explain the product formation-