Anda di halaman 1dari 3

symptoms is not typical for a decompression sickness:

a Creeps
b red out
c chokes
d bends
14
id 6274
The following statements are true except
a poor circulation is called hypoxic hypoxia
b reduced oxygen carrying capacity is called hypemic hypoxia
c reduced alveolar oxygen exchange is called hypoxic hypoxia
d inability of the tissue to use oxygen is called histotoxic hypoxia
15
id 6275
The following situations can lead to stagnant hypoxia
a reduced number of healthy red blood cells
b excessive G forces
c reduced partial oxygen pressure due to high altitude
d alcohol or drugs
16
id 6276
Smoking can cause hypoxia due to an increase in carbon monoxide. This is called
a
a hypoxic hypoxia
b stagnant hypoxia
c histotoxic hypoxia
d hypemic hypoxia
17
40.1. Human Factors: basic concepts 2002/12/22 Page 4 of 139
id 6277
Stages of performance decrements due to hypoxic hypoxia are
a disturbance threshold at 6'000 ft, critical threshold at 22'000 ft
b reaction threshold at 6'000 ft, disturbance threshold at 22'000 ft
c indifferent stage up to 6'000 ft, disturbance threshold at 12'000 ft
d critical threshold at 12'000 ft, disturbance stage above 22'000 ft
18
id 6278
The most dangerous sign of hypoxic hypoxia is
a impaired judgment and self criticism
b decreased heart rate
c increased respiration rate
d bluish skin
19
id 6279
TUC at 25'000 ft at rest is about
a 45 seconds
b 90 seconds
c 4 minutes
d 10 minutes
20
id 6281
A common phenomenon of hypoxia and hyperventilation is
a impaired judgment and self criticism
b shortness of breath
c hypotension of the muscles
d tingling sensation of arms and legs
21
id 6282
The following statement about respiration is true
a external respiration serves for the gas exchange between blood and tissue cell

s
b internal respiration serves for the gas exchange between environment and blood
c transport of carbon dioxide in the blood is made by combination with hemoglobi
n
d transport of oxygen in the blood is made by combination with hemoglobin
22
id 6283
Oxygen is transported through the walls of the alveoli according to
a Henry's law
b the Diffusion law
c Dalton's law
d Boyle's law
23
id 6284
A healthy young subject should have the following lung volumes
a an inspiratory reserve volume of ~0.5 liter
b an expiratory reserve volume of ~0.5 liter
c a residual volume of 1.2 liter
d a vital capacity of ~7.0 liter
24
40.1. Human Factors: basic concepts 2002/12/22 Page 5 of 139
id 6285
Usually, the body has a remarkable store of the following gases
a carbon dioxide
b oxygen
c carbon monoxide
d argon
25
id 6286
The respiratory control center is primarily sensitive to
a carbon dioxide
b carbon monoxide
c oxygen
d argon
26
id 6287
Ventilation is primarily stimulated by
a an increase of carbon monoxide
b a decrease of oxygen
c an increase of carbon dioxide
d a decrease of argon
27
id 6288
The following statement is true
a increased carbon dioxide causes shortness of breath
b decreased oxygen causes shortness of breath
c increased carbon dioxide remains unnoticed
d increased oxygen causes shortness of breath
28
id 6289
The partial pressure of the respiratory gases within the pulmonary alveoli is
a 40 mmHg pCO2, 47 mmHg pH2O, 100 mmHg O2
b 47 mmHg pH2O, 150 mmHg O2, 0.03 mmHg pCO2
c 46 mmHg pCO2, 47 mmHg pH2O, 40 mmHg O2
d 5 mmHg pCO2, 10 mmHg pH2O, 150 mmHg O2
29
id 6290
Signs or symptoms of hyperventilation are
a increased rate and depth of respiration
b muscle twitching and tightness

c breathlessness, feelings of suffocation


d all above mentioned signs or symptoms
30
id 6291
The problems of hyperventilation are caused by
a increased inhaling of oxygen
b increased exhaling of carbon dioxide
c decreased exhaling of carbon dioxide
d decreased inhaling of oxygen
31
40.1. Human Factors: basic concepts 2002/12/22 Page 6 of 139
id 6292
The following maneuvers may be used to treat a hyperventilation except
a slowing the breathing rate
b increasing rate and depth of breathing
c talking aloud