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SULIT

Section B
Bahagian B
( 20 marks )
( 20 markah )
Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan
Write your answers in the spacws provided.
Tuliskan jawapan kamu dalam ruang yang disediakan.
1.

An orange is left on the table and its conditions are observed every week.
Sebiji limau diletakkan di atas meja dan keadaannya diperhatikan setiap minggu.

a)

b)

Give one reason (inference) for the changes in the conditions of the orange.
Berikan satu sebab (inferens) tentang perubahan keadaan limau tersebut.
______________________________________________________________
(1m)
Based on the above information,
Berdasarkan maklumat di atas,
i) What is changed (Manipulated Variable)?
Apa yang diubah (Pembolehubah Manipulasi)?
______________________________________________________________
(1m)
ii) What is observed (Responding Variable)?
Apa yang diperhatikan (Pembolehubah Bergerakbalas).
______________________________________________________________
(1m)

SULIT
..
The time taken to change in the condition of the orange also depend on the
surrounding temperature.
Masa yang diambil untuk berlakunya perubahan pada limau juga bergantung
pada suhu sekitar.
c)

Make a suitable conclusion from the above statement.


Buat satu kesimpulan yang sesuai dari kenyataan di atas.
______________________________________________________________
(1m)

2.

A group of pupils sets up an apparatus as shown in diagram below. They place


the object of different distances from the light source.
Sekumpulan murid-murid telah menyediakan peralatan seperti rajah di bawah.
Mereka meletakkan objek pada jarak yang berbeza dari lampu suluh.

Height of shadow
Ketinggian bayang

Screen
Skrin

Object
Objek

Light source
Lampu suluh

The result of investigation are shown in table below.


Keputusan penyiasatan seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual.

SULIT
Distance between the
object and the light
source (cm)
Jarak antara objek dan
lampu suluh (cm)
10
15
20
25
(a)

Height of shadow formed


on the screen (cm)
Ketinggian bayang-bayang
pada skrin (cm)
20
15
11
8

What is the aim of the investigation?


Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini?
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
( 1 m)

(b)

What is the trend of changes in the height of shadow when distance between
the object and the light source decreases.
Apakah pola perubahan ketinggian bayang-bayang apabila jarak objek dari
lampu suluh berkurang?
______________________________________________________________
( 1m )

(c)

State the relationship between the variable that is changed and the variable
that is observe, that can be made in this investigation.
Nyatakan hubungan antara pembolehubah yang dimanipulasikan dengan
pembolehubah bergerakbalas, yang boleh dibuat dalam penyiasatan ini.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
( 1m )

(d)

Predict the height of shadow form on the screen if the distance between
object and the light source is 35 cm.
Ramalkan ketinggian bayang-bayang yang terbentuk pada skrin jika jarak
objek dari lampu suluh ialah 35 cm.
_____________________________________________________________
(1m)
3

SULIT
3.

Diagram below shows three pieces of towel Q, R and S, in figure 2 are similar in
size and of the same material. Each absorbs two cups of water. They are hung
up on the clothesline.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan tiga helai tuala Q, R and S yang sama saiz dan
bahan yang sama. Setiap satu menyerap 2 gelas air. Tuala itu disidai pada tali
jemuran.

not folded
tidak dilipat
Q

folded twice
lipat dua kali

folded once
lipat sekali
R

Table below shows the result of the fair test.


Jadual di bawah menunjukkan keputusan ujikaji.

a)

Towel
Tuala

Time taken to dry (hours)


Masa di ambil untuk kering (jam)

P
Q

3
5

Based on the fair test, state the following;


Berdasarkan ujikaji, nyatakan yang berikut:
i) What to change (manipulated variable)
Apa yang diubah (Pembolehubah manipulasi)
______________________________________________________________
(1m)
ii) What to keep the same (fixed variable)
Apa yang tidak diubah (Pembolehubah malar)
________________________________________________________( 1 m )
4

SULIT

b)

What is the trend of the time taken to dry?


Apakah pola masa di ambil untuk kering?
______________________________________________________________
(1m)

c)

What is the aim of the fair test?


Apakah tujuan ujikaji ini?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
(1m)

d)

Write the relationship between what to change and what to observe in the
fair test.
Tuliskan hubungan antara pembolehubah manipulasi dan pembolehubah
bergerakbalas dalam penyiasatan.
_____________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
(1M)

4.

Table below shows the surface temperature of the planets in the Solar System.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan suhu permukaan planet dalam Sistem Suria.
Planets
Planet
X
Y
Z
a.

Surface temperature of planets


Suhu permukaan planet
20000 C
15000C
10000C

Based on the table, state one observation.


Berdasarkan jadual, nyatakan satu pemerhatian.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
(1M)

SULIT
b.

Give one reason based on your answer in [a ].


Berikan satu sebab berdasarkan jawapan kamu di [a ]
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
(1M)

c.

What is measured ( responding variable ) in this invest igation.


Apa yang diukur ( pembolehubah bergerak balas ) dalam penyasatan ini .
___________________________________________________________
(1m)

d.

The surface temperature of the planet is depends on the size of the orbit
Suhu permukaan planet dipengaruhi oleh saiz orbit
Write one suitable relationship based on the statement above.
Tuliskan satu hubungan berdasarkan pernyataan di atas .
______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
(1m)

5.
Gear
Gear
A
B
C

Diameter ( cm )
Garis pusat ( cm)
5
10
15

Number of rotation
Bilangan pusingan
16
8
4

SULIT
4.

Diagram 4 shows the number of rotation of three different sizes of gear in a


clock in two minutes.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan bilangan pusingan 3 buah gear yang berlainan saiz yang
terdapat pada jam di atas dalam masa 2 minit.

(a) (i) Predict the number of rotation for gear A if gear B make four rotation.
Ramalkan bilangan pusingan gear A jika gear B berpusing sebanyak 4
pusingan.
(1M)
(II) Give reason for your answer in (a) (i)
Nyatakan alasan bagi ramalan kamu di (a) i
___________________________________________________________
( 1M )
(b)

State the aim of the investigation


Nyatakan tujuan bagi penyiasatan di atas di atas.
___________________________________________________________

(c)

__________________________________________________________
(1M )
State the hypothesis for the investigation
Apakah hipotesis yang ingin dibuktikan dalam eksperimen di atas ?
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
(1M)

END OF SECTION B
BAHAGIAN B TAMAT