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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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EXERCISE 1
Task
Purpose of this exercise is to learn and understand:
- TCP-IP communication between PCM 600 and the IED
- CAP 531 and SMT tools
- On-line library synchronisation between PC and IED
Goal of the exercise is to design a configuration from scratch where the IED 670 will
behave as an earth-fault relay.
The protection device is connected to the line according to the following diagram:

Procedure (Overview)
-

Set-up communication parameters to manage TCP-IP communication (ethernet)


between PCM 600 and the IED.
Perform and understand the on-line synchronisation (upload options and
function selector).
Configure the virtual analog inputs, virtual outpus and the connections to the
earth fault relay (CAP531)
Associate physical inputs outputs to the virual signals (SMT)
Set CT and VT data, virtual analog input data, relay data (PST)
Test your design (for instance use On-line Debug (CAP 531) and test equipment).

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Procedure (Detailed)
1. Start PCM 600 and create a new project containing one IED 670 terminal (answer
that you have no files at questions from the Wizard).
Give to the project the name you wish. Avoid to use spaces in your project1:

Insert one IED 670 IEC version 1.1 device under your bay (example is for REL 670):

Even if PCM 600 works with spaces, REMEMBER not to use spaces as they are not allowed in IEC 61850
files (SCL files).
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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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The wizard will pop-up:

Rename the IED name, to remove SPACES:

2. Set the IP address of the PC to be compatible to the IP address of your device (in
the example, the PC IP-address is 10.1.150.99, with Subnet MASK 255.255.255.0)

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2007-09-05

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Substation Automation & Protection Training

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

3. Check that the PC has contact with the IED by using the PING command
(PING 10.1.150.1 and see the answer):

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

4. Start Application Configuration (CAP531) for the IED (password is ABB):

5. UNDERSTANDING UPLOAD OPTIONS and FUNCTION SELECTOR.


Insert one (empty) worksheet in CAP 531and call it ANALOG_IN:

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2007-09-05

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Substation Automation & Protection Training

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Double click on the worksheet to open it. Click somewhere inside the empty worksheet:

Try to insert a function block (open the function library available in CAP 531:

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2007-09-05

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Substation Automation & Protection Training

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Have a look to the last function block names (ZM etc) you can find in the library:

Press Cancel after you have looked at the library.


Do file / close all and then run Online / upload options to synchronize the CAP
531 function library with the IED function library2:
2

Eventually you need to run Reconfigure from the HMI in order to be sure that you will get the correct
hardware information during upload options. Reconfigure is found on the HMI under this path: Settings /
General settings / I/O Modules Reconfigure
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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

at this point, the CAP 531 library has been synchronized to the IED library.
Try now to open the ANALOG_IN function block, open the library and verify if the
same functions are available.

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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FUNCTION SELECTOR (SYNCHRONIZING THE HARWARE LIBRARY)


Run Edit / Function Selector :

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Do now File / Load / Uploaded data:

you have now synchronized the hardware library in CAP 531 with hardware set-up of
the IED.
REMEMBER TO DO SAVE, before you exit from FUNCTION SELECTOR:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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at this point you can EXIT from Function Selector window and go back to CAP 531:

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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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6. Start to do your application configuration. Open the WorkSheet called


ANALOG_IN and insert the virtual analog inputs3 for current measurement
and for voltage measurement (SMAI)4:

Virtual analog input is not the correct technical word, even if it well explains the main purpose of those
function blocks. They are called PREPROCESSING BLOCKS.
4
For voltages use the block PR13 (8 ms). For currents use block PR14 (8ms). WHY 8ms blocks?
Because earth fault protection is a 8 ms function, and it must be served by 8 ms preprocessing
blocks!
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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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7. Create following configuration for Voltage and Current Inputs. Here below you
have the configuration:

For voltage inputs we have chosen NOT to physically connect to the device the line 3U0
voltage (open delta transformer). For this reason in the pre-processing block you see
Not used under input n. 4 of the pre-processing block. When the pre-processing block
sees that no physical signal is connected to its input n. 4, it calculates the 3U0 voltage
from the given inputs n.1, 2 and 3. This signal is sent out from the out signal AIN, and
we will use it for the connection to disturbance recorder (variable 3Uo_Line (c) where
c means computed signal).
The same we have done for the residual current in pre-processing block PR14. We
intend to calculate the residual current from signals IL1, IL2 and IL3.

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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Remember the signal TYPE in the pre-processing block. For voltages it must be 1, for
currents it must be 2.

The final configuration for pre-processing block will look like this:

We need now to define the variables FALSE and REAL_ZERO. For this a special
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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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function block is used called Fixed Signals.


Pick-it up from the function library:

and assign a fixed value to the variables FALSE (logical zero) and REAL_ZERO
(real value = to zero):

8. Close the Worksheet ANALOG_IN and create a new Worksheet called


PROTECTION:
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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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9. Open the Protection Worksheet and insert the Directional Earth Fault
function. Supply the function block with voltage and current measurements.

draw the following configuration:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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10. Close the Worksheet PROTECTION and create a new Worksheet called V_IO
(Virtual Input Outputs):

11. Open the V_IO Worksheet and assign the trip and start signals to a virtual
output block, the external blocking signal to a virtual input block.
SMBO is the name for the virtual outputs, and SMBI is the name for the virtual
inputs.

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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IMPORTANT! THIS CONFIGURATION IS SIMPLIFIED! ALL TRIP SIGNALS FROM


PROTECTION SHOULD OPEN THE CIRCUIT BREAKER THROUGH THE SO
CALLED TRIP FUNCTION, THAT WE ARE NOT USING HERE FOR SIMPLICITY!
NEVER BYPASS THE TRIP FUNCTION IN A REAL CONFIGURATION!
Your application configuration in CAP 531 is finished now. Notice that, even if a simple
one, we have done the following:
- definition of virtual voltages and virtual currents (pre-processing blocks, PR)
- definition of virual inputs and virtual outputs (SMAI and SMBO blocks)
- connection of virtual signals to protection function in order to satisfy our application
(directional earth fault protection)
the application configuration has been designed without considering the physical
hardware set-up of the device. This will be done later, by using Signal Matrix (SMT).
We need now to compile the configuration and write (download) it into the device.
12. Compile the graphic configuration and download it (write it) into the device.
Do File / Close All and then:

Notice that there are no stars close to the Worksheet names, because the application
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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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configuration is compiled:

13.Download (write) the configuration into the IED:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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14.Exit from CAP 531 (File / Exit) and go back to PCM600:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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15.Open SMT for your IED:

16. Associate physical CTs and VTs to Virtual CTs and VTs. Write (download) the
SMT configuration into the IED:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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17. Associate the virtual blocking input to a physical binary input.

18. Associate physical binary outputs to the virtual ones. Assign also the HMI LEDs.

19.Write (download) the SMT information into the IED.

Exit from Signal Matrix and go back to PCM 600.


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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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20. In the next steps we will use Parameter Setting (PST) to set all the function
blocks involved in the application configuration.
Open Parameter Setting Tool (PST):

Setting of CTs and VTs5 :


5

This is very important, because all function blocks in IED 670 think in primary values. Settings are also in
Substation Automation & Protection Training

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2007-09-05

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Acording to what we have done in SMT and to the single line diagram at the beginning
of the exercise:

write (download) the CT and VT settings into the IED:

primary values, so CT and VT data are absolutely the first settngs that we should think about.
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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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Pre-processing block settings:


Just have a look at the actual settings available in PST for the preprocessing blocks:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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you can see that the signal names (comments) you have defined in CAP 531, are NOT
THERE in PST! But you have downloaded the configuration in the IED, so to get that
information you should now do read from PST:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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We need to change the base value for the pre-processing blocks. Other settings can be
kept as default because we are not going to do any frequency tracking algorithm but
just require the Fourier Transform to be centered on fixed frequency (50 Hz or 60 Hz):
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2007-09-05

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Substation Automation & Protection Training

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

Write the settings for pre-processing blocks into the IED.


Earth Fault protection settings:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


Vsters - Sweden

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Even if this has nothing to do with the PCM 600 course, it is worth to mention the
need of t2Min setting:
It is necessary to avoid THIS characteristic:

and get this instead:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

Power Automation & Substation


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Write (download) Earth Fault settings into the IED.


HMI LED settings:

write (download) setting into the IED.


Exit from PST and go back to PCM 600.
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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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21. Connect the IED to the test set and test overcurrent protection.

Testing of definite time trip, 400 ms: (STEP 1)


Inject a fault current in one phase only, of 1500 A primary. Operate time expected at
400 ms.
Verify with CAP 531 Online debug that with this injection, STEP1 and STEP2 start.
Verify also the operation of the protection relay:

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Training Course SEP-601

EXERCISE 1

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Testing of inverse time trip: (STEP 2)


Inject a fault current in one phase only, of 500 A primary. Operate time expected at
about 2,8 s

Testing of the blocking external input to earth fault relay.


Activate the binary input that should block the earth fault telay, verify with CAP 531 that
it correctly operates:

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