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Code.

No: 44059
R07 SET-1
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
II .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Distinguish between Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffractions.


b) Discuss the Fraunhofer diffraction pattern produced by a double slit.
c) A plane transmission grating has 15000 lines per inch. Find the angle of
separation of the 504.8 nm and 501.6 nm lines of helium in second order
spectrum. [4+8+4]

2.a) What is reverberation time? Derive Sabine’s formula for the determination of
reverberation time.
b) Describe a method to determine the sound absorption coefficient of a material.
c) An auditorium has a volume of 5000 m3. What should be the total absorption in
the auditorium if the reverberation time of 1.25 seconds is to be maintained?
[6+6+4]

3.a) Explain the terms


(i) Magnetic induction,
(ii) Magnetic susceptibility,
(iii) Permeability of a medium and
(iv) Intensity of magnetization.
b) What are the characteristics of diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic
substances? Explain their behavior with the help of examples. [6+10]

4.a) What are Miller indices? How are they calculated?


b) Show that in a cubic crystal the spacing between consecutive parallel planes of
Miller indices (h k l) is given by d = a (h2 + k2 + l2)-1/2
c) Draw the crystal planes (0 1 1) and (2 0 1). [6+8+2]

5.a) Distinguish between ordinary light and laser light.


b) Write notes on Einstein’s coefficients relating to emission of radiation.
c) Write the applications of laser in industry. [4+8+4]

6.a) Distinguish between photography and holography.


b) How to construct and reconstruct a hologram? Explain.
c) Explain the advantages of optical communication system. [4+8+4]

7.a) Obtain the relevant mathematical expressions for


(i) Electronic polarizability and
(ii) Ionic polarizability
b) Distinguish between ferroelectrics and ordinary dielectrics. [10+6]

8.a) Explain in detail, the physical and chemical properties of nanomaterials.


b) Describe the important applications of nanotechnology. [10+6]

*********
Code.No: 44059
R07 SET-2
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
II .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Distinguish between polarized light and unpolarized light.


b) Explain the phenomenon of double refraction in calcite crystal.
c) Explain, in detail, the working of a quarter-wave plate. [4+6+6]

2.a) Define the term ‘reverberation’? What is reverberation time?


b) Explain various factors affecting architectural acoustics and their remedies.
c) An auditorium of volume 35000 m3 is found to have a reverberation time of 1.50
seconds. If the area of the sound absorbing surface is 5000 m2, calculate the
average sound absorption coefficient. [4+8+4]

3.a) Explain the terms


(i) Magnetic flux density,
(ii) Magnetic field strength,
(iii) Magnetization and
(iv) Magnetic susceptibility.
How are they related to each other?
b) What is ferromagnetism? Draw hysteresis curve and explain.
c) A magnetic material has a magnetization of 3300 amp/m and flux density of
0.0044 weber/m2. Calculate the magnetizing force and the relative permeability
of the material. [6+6+4]

4.a) Explain the terms


(i) Space lattice,
(ii) Primitive cell and
(iii) Lattice parameters, relating to crystal structure.
b) Derive an expression for the interplanar spacing in the case of a cubic structure.
NaCl crystals have FCC structure. The density of NaCl is 2.18 gm/cm2. Calculate
the distance between two adjacent atoms. (Molecular weight of NaCl = 58.5)
[8+8]

5.a) Write the characteristics of laser.


b) Describe the construction and working of CO2 laser.
c) Write the various applications of laser in the medical field. [4+8+4]

6.a) Distinguish between step index fiber and graded index fiber.
b) Describe the various advantages of communication with optical fibers over the
Conventional coaxial cables.
c) Write notes on attenuation in optical fibers. [6+4+6]

7.a) Explain the term ‘relative permittivity’ of a dielectric medium.


b) Describe the variation of the complex dielectric constant with frequency of the
applied electric field.
c) An atom of oxygen on being polarized produces a dipole moment of 0.5 × 10-22
C-m. If the distance of the center of negative charge cloud from the nucleus be
4 × 10-15 cm, calculate the electronic polarizability of the oxygen atom. [4+8+4]

8.a) What are carbon nanotubes? Describe the various methods of production of
different types of carbon nanotubes.
b) Write the important applications of nanomaterials. [10+6]

*********
Code.No: 44059
R07 SET-3
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
II .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Explain the terms:


(i) Temporal coherence and
(ii) Spatial coherence.
b) Explain the formation of Newton’s rings and show that the radius of mth dark is
proportional to the under root of the wavelength.
c) Interference fringes are produced when monochromatic light is incident normally
on a thin wedge-shaped film of refractive index 1.50. If the distance between two
consecutive fringes is 0.02 mm, find the angle of the film, the wavelength of light
being 5.5 × 10-5 cm. [4+8+4]

2.a) What are ultrasonic waves? Describe a method to detect these waves.
b) How magnetostriction effect is employed in the generation of ultrasonics?
c) Write the applications of ultrasonics in medical field. [6+6+4]

3.a) Explain the occurrence of superconductivity and the influence of temperature and
magnetic field on superconductors.
b) Distinguish between DC and AC Josephson effects.
c) Write notes on SQUID. [6+6+4]

4.a) Derive Bragg’s law of crystal diffraction.


b) Describe, in detail, Laue method to determine the crystal structure.
c) A certain crystal reflects monochromatic X-rays strongly when Bragg’s angle is
21° for the second order diffraction. Calculate the glancing angle for third order
spectrum. [5+7+4]

5.a) Explain the following:


(i) Metastable state and
(ii) Population inversion, relating to lasers.
b) Distinguish between He-Ne laser and CO2 laser.
c) Write applications of laser in industry, scientific and medical fields. Write any
two applications relating to each field. [4+6+6]

6.a) Derive the expressions for


(i) Acceptance angle and
(ii) Numerical aperture of an optical fiber.
b) Describe the working of fiber optic communication system and its advantages.
[8+8]

7.a) What is meant by polarization of a dielectric material? Explain the various


mechanisms of polarization in a dielectric medium.
b) Distinguish between ferroelectric materials and piezoelectric materials. [10+6]

8.a) Write the physical and chemical properties of nanomaterials.


b) Describe, in detail, the various types of carbon nanotubes. [10+6]

*********
Code.No: 44059
R07 SET-4
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
II .B.TECH II SEM SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS FEBRUARY - 2010
ENGINEERING PHYSICS
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Describe the process of production of plane polarized light by reflection.


b) Describe the construction of Nicol prism and explain its functions.
c) Calculate the thickness of a half-wave plate of quartz for a wave length of
500 nm. Here µo = 1.544 and µe = 1.553. [4+8+4]

2.a) Explain, in detail, the properties of ultrasonic waves.


b) How piezoelectric effect is employed in the generation of ultrasonics?
c) Discuss the use of ultrasonics for non-destructive testing. [4+6+6]

3.a) Explain, in detail, the following:


(i) Meissner effect and
(ii) Penetration depth, relating to superconductors.
b) Distinguish between hard and soft superconductors.
c) Write notes on flux quantization. [6+6+4]

4.a) Derive Bragg’s law of X-ray diffraction.


b) Describe, in detail, the powder method for the determination of crystal
structure.
c) Monochromatic X-rays of wavelength 0.15 nm are incident on a crystal face
having an interplanar spacing of 0.16 nm. Find the highest order for which
Bragg’s reflection maximum can be seen. [5+7+4]

5.a) Distinguish between spontaneous emission and stimulated emission.


b) What are Einstein’s coefficients? Explain.
c) Write any four applications of lasers. [4+8+4]

6.a) Explain the terms


(i) Acceptance angle,
(ii) Acceptance cone,
(iii) Numerical aperture
(iv) Relative refractive index difference of an optical fibre.
b) Describe the construction of an optical fibre and the propagation of light waves in
optical fibre.
c) An optical fiber has a numerical aperture of 0.20 and a cladding refractive index
of 1.59. Find the acceptance angle for the fiber in water which has a refractive
index of 1.33. [6+6+4]

7.a) Discuss the reasons for the failure of Dulong and Petit’s law in predicting the
specific heat of a solid at low temperature.
b) Derive an expression for heat capacity of solids on the basis of Einstein’s model.
What are the chief merits and demerits of this model? [6+10]

8.a) Explain, in detail, the properties of nanomaterials.


b) Describe the different methods by which nanomaterials are fabricated. [6+10]

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