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7/30/2015

SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShipsto
SailinInternationalWaters
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APRIL30,2011BYKARANC

http://www.marineinsight.com/misc/maritimelaw/specificationsandrequirementsforlpgandlngshipstosailininternationalwaters/

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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

LiquidNaturalGas
ISO8943(2007)compliantGC
conditioning&LNGsampling
systems

Alargenumberofmerchantshipsaredesignedandconstructedforcarryingdifferenttypesofliquefie

gasesfromoneporttoanother.Sincecargoingaseousformwilltakemuchmorevolumethanwhen
liquidcondition,thegasesarecondensedandliquefiedforcarryingtheminships.

TypesofLiquefiedGasCarriers
Therearebasicallytwotypesofgascarrierships:
1)LPGCarrier:LiquefiedpetroleumgasShipscarriesLPGgasalongwithsomeothergaseslike

ammonia,propylene,ethyleneastheirconstructionandequipmentsaresuitedtocarrysuchgasesal
EthylenecannotbecarriedinLPGtankerasitsboilingpointisverylow(104
C).
2)LNGcarrier:LNGgasorLiquefiedNaturalgasfromwhich,majorimpuritieslikesulphurand
carbondioxidehavebeenremoved,iscarriedinLNGcarrierships.

http://www.marineinsight.com/misc/maritimelaw/specificationsandrequirementsforlpgandlngshipstosailininternationalwaters/

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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

LNGistransportedintheformofliquefiedmethaneaftercoolingittoitsboilingpoint,163
C.

RegulatoryRequirementsforLNGandLPG

AsperInternationalMaritimeOrganisation,aliquefiedgasshipcanonlyrunininternationalwatersif

constructedandoperatedasperInternationalGasCarrier(IGC)1986codeandcomplieswithSOLAS
74chapterVIIpartCconstructionandequipmentofshipscarryingliquefiedgasesinbulk.
ThebriefrequirementsdescribedinIGCcodeare:
Damagelimitationstocargoandshipsurvivalincaseofcollisionorgrounding.
Safetyarrangementrequirementsforsuchship.
Cargocontainmentandcargohandlingprocedure.
Materialofconstructionforcontainmentandcarriagefacility.
Requirementsforcargoloadinganddischarging.
Fireprotectionrequirements.
Pollutioncontrolrequirements.
http://www.marineinsight.com/misc/maritimelaw/specificationsandrequirementsforlpgandlngshipstosailininternationalwaters/

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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

Usageofcargoasshipsmachineryfuel.
provisionforthermalexpansionandcontractionisprovided

Constructionalrequirements
Differenttypesofcargotanksshouldbeprovidedwithspecialmaterialatmaintainedpressureas
describedintheconstructionalandcargohandlingrequirementofIGCcodeforbothLPGandLNG
ships.

LPGshipcargocarriagerequirements
LPGcanbecarriedbyseaifanyoneofthethreecriteriaisfulfilled:
Itissolelyunderpressuremaintainedatambienttemperature.
Itisfullyrefrigeratedatitsboilingpoint.
Itissemirefrigeratedbutatelevatedtemperatureandelevatedpressure.

Otherimportantauxiliariesthatarerequiredare:

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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

AwellinsulatedandrefrigeratedLPGtanktofulfilanyoftheabovecriteria
Acompressorroomcompressorsandrefrigerationplants
Anitrogenbankaswellasaninertgasgeneratorwithdryersystem
Thecargotemperatureandenvironmentdatamonitoringsystem
Tankatmosphereandtemperaturedataismonitoringsystem

LNGshipcargocarriagerequirements

LNGiscarriedatverylowtemperaturewhichcancausecrackinthemetalstructureifcargocomesin
contactwiththeshipshull.Moreover,
LNGcarriermusthaveacargotankwithdoublelayerofinsulationprotection.
Materialusedfortankmusthaveverylowcoefficientofthermalexpansion(invar).

Tobeprovidedwithvaporisertomeetitsownvapoursrequirements.
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SpecificationsandRequirementsforLPGandLNGShips

Regasificationplantshouldbeprovided(optional)

YoumayalsoliketoreadPanamaxandAframaxTankers:OilTankerswithaDifference
References:
BookonShipconstructionbyD.JEyres
ImageCredits:
arabianoilandgas
shipinfo
gcaptain
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