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Course Code

Product

Product Version

Course Version ISSUE

OWJ40

RNC

BSC6800V900R

1.01

012
Developer/Modifier

Time

Approver

New/Update

Jin Yu

2010-07-01

GU Team

New

Liang Jie

2010-12

GU Team

Update

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page0

WCDMA RAN Call


Drop KPI and Related
Counters
www.huawei.com

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Describe call drop counter system
Know how to calculate call drop KPI

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. Typical Call Drop KPI and Related Counters
3. Counters Indicating the Call Drop Reason

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

How to Define Call Drop?


Normally CN will trigger release procedure after a service
is over.
For release triggered by RNC, if the release reason is one
of the following, it is not defined as call drop.
User inactivity
UE generated signaling connection release

If RNC triggers release procedure but the reason is not


one of the previous two, it is defined as call drop.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Procedure for Normal Release


Two scenario for normal release:

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

Procedure for Call Drop


If RNC triggers release but the reason is not user
inactivity or UE generated signaling connection
release, it is considered as call drop.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

Call Drop Ratio


Call drop ratio in Statistic:
RNC KPIs (Average Value during N days)

All Service

CDR

CS AMR Call Drop Ratio [%]

0.48%

VP Call Drop Ratio [%]

0.92%

PS Service Drop Ratio [%]

0.34%

HSDPA

CDR

HSDPA Service Drop Ratio

0.27%

HSUPA

CDR

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio

0.29%

Call Drop Ratio =

Number of Call drops


Number of RAB or Iu Release

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page7

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. Typical Call Drop KPI and Related Counters
3. Counters Indicating the Call Drop Reason

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

CS Service Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of the
CS service in an RNC or a cluster.
KPI name

CS Service Drop Ratio

Measurement Scope

CELL

Formula

CS Service Drop Ratio=(CS RAB Abnormal Release/CS RAB


Release)*100%

Associated Counters

CS Service Drop
Ratio=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS+VS.RAB.No
rmRel.CS)]*100%

Notes

The RNC level KPIs is calculated by aggregating all the cell


counters.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS
Number of CS RABs abnormally released for cell

VS.RAB.NormRel.CS
Number of CS RABs normally released for cell

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page10

AMR Call Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of the
AMR service in an RNC or a cluster.
KPI name

AMR Call Drop Ratio

Measurement Scope

CELL

Formula

AMR Call Drop Ratio=(AMR RAB Abnormal Release/AMR RAB


Release)*100%

Associated Counters

AMR Call Drop Ratio


=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.AMR/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.AMR+VS.RAB.No
rmRel.AMR)]*100%

Notes

The RNC level KPIs is calculated by aggregating all the cell


counters.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page11

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.AMR
Number of CS AMR RABs abnormally released for cell

VS.RAB.NormRel.AMR
Number of CS AMR RABs normally released for cell(not
including WB-AMR)

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page12

VP Call Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of the
VP service in an RNC or a cluster.
KPI name

VP Call Drop Ratio

Measurement Scope

CELL

Formula

VP Call Drop Ratio=(VP RAB Abnormal Release/VP RAB


Release)*100%

Associated Counters

VP Call Drop Ratio


=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS64/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS64+VS.RAB.No
rmRel.CS64)]*100%

Notes

The RNC level KPIs is calculated by aggregating all the cell


counters.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS64
Number of CS conversational 64kbit/s RABs abnormally
released for cell

VS.RAB.NormRel.CS64
Number of CS 64 kbit/s conversational RABs normally
released for cell

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page14

PS Service Drop Ratio (RNC)


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of all
PS services in an RNC.
KPI name

PS Service Drop Ratio (RNC)

Measurement Scope

RNC

Formula

PS Service Drop Ratio (RNC)=(PS RAB Abnormal Release/PS RAB


Release)*100%

Associated Counters

PS Service Drop Ratio (RNC)


=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RNC/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RNC+
VS.RAB.NormRel.PS.RNC)]*100%

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RNC
Number of PS RABs abnormally released for RNC

VS.RAB.NormRel.PS.RNC
Number of PS RABs normally released for RNC

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

PS Service Drop Ratio (Cell)


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of all
PS services in a cluster.
KPI name

PS Service Drop Ratio (Cell)

Measurement Scope

CELL

Formula

PS Service Drop Ratio (Cell)=(PS RAB Abnormal Release/PS RAB


Release)*100%

Associated Counters

PS Service Drop Ratio


=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS+
VS.RAB.NormRel.PS)]*100%

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS
Number of PS RABs abnormally released for cell

VS.RAB.NormRel.PS
Number of PS RABs normally released for cell

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

PS R99 Service Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of all
PS R99 services in a cluster.
KPI name

PS R99 Service Drop Ratio

Measurement Scope

CELL

Formula

PS R99 Service Drop Ratio=(PS R99 RAB Abnormal Release/PS


R99 RAB Release)*100%

Associated Counters

PS R99 Service Drop Ratio


=[VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PSR99/(VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PSR99+
VS.RAB.NormRel.PSR99)]*100%

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

Related Counters
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PSR99
Number of PS R99 RABs abnormally released for
cell(including RF failure)

VS.RAB.NormRel.PSR99
Number of PS R99 RAB successfully released for cell

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

HSDPA Service Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of the
PS service carried by HSDPA in an RNC or a cluster.
KPI name

HSDPA Service Drop Ratio

Measurement
Scope

CELL

Formula

HSDPA Service Drop Ratio


=(HSDPA_RABAbnormalRelease/HSDPA_RABRelease)*100%

Associated
Counters

HSDPA Service Drop Ratio


=[(VS.HSDPA.RAB.AbnormRel)/(VS.HSDPA.RAB.AbnormRel+VS.HSDPA.RA
B.NormRel+
VS.HSDPA.H2D.Succ+VS.HSDPA.H2F.Succ+VS.HSDPA.HHO.H2D.SuccOutI
ntraFreq+
VS.HSDPA.HHO.H2D.SuccOutInterFreq)]*100%

Notes

1. The RNC level KPIs is calculated by aggregating all the cell counters.
2. The successful channel transition is considered as normal HS-DSCH
release ( including transitions due to mobility).

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

Related Counters
VS.HSDPA.RAB.AbnormRel
VS.HSDPA.RAB.NormRel
VS.HSDPA.H2D.Succ
VS.HSDPA.H2F.Succ
VS.HSDPA.HHO.H2D.SuccOutIntraFreq
VS.HSDPA.HHO.H2D.SuccOutInterFreq

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page22

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio


This KPI can be used to evaluate the call drop ratio of the
PS service carried by HSUPA in an RNC or a cluster.
KPI name

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio

Measurement
Scope

CELL

Formula

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio


=(HSUPA_RAB Abnormal Release/HSUPA_RABRelease)*100%

Associated
Counters

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio


=[(VS.HSUPA.RAB.AbnormRel)/(VS.HSUPA.RAB.AbnormRel+VS.HSUPA.RA
B.NormRel+
VS.HSUPA.E2D.Succ+VS.HSUPA.E2F.Succ+VS.HSUPA.HHO.E2D.SuccOutIn
traFreq+
VS.HSUPA.HHO.E2D.SuccOutInterFreq)]*100%

Notes

1. The RNC level KPIs is calculated by aggregating all the cell counters.
2. The successful channel transition is considered as normal E-DCH
release ( including transitions due to mobility).

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

Related Counters
VS.HSUPA.RAB.AbnormRel
VS.HSUPA.RAB.NormRel
VS.HSUPA.E2D.Succ
VS.HSUPA.E2F.Succ
VS.HSUPA.HHO.E2D.SuccOutIntraFreq
VS.HSUPA.HHO.E2D.SuccOutInterFreq

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. Typical Call Drop KPI and Related Counters
3. Counters Indicating the Call Drop Reason

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

How to Get the Call Drop Reason?


If RNC triggers release request abnormally, it will tell CN the
reason of release request and then the corresponding counter
will be triggered. So these counters can be used to analyze the
call drop reason.

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Number of Released RABs due to RF


cause (RNC Level)
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.RNC
Number of CS RABs Abnormally Released due to RF cause
for RNC

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.RNC
Number of PS RABs Abnormally Released due to RF cause
for RNC

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

CS RABs Abnormally Released


Triggered Due to Different Causes (Cell
Level)
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.IuAAL2
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.OM
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.Preempt
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.UTRANgen
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.OLC

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

CS RABs Abnormally Released Due to


Different RF Causes (Cell Level)
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.ULSync
Number of CS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Uplink
Synchronization Failure for Cell

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.UuNoReply
Number of CS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Failure in the
Radio Interface Procedure for Cell

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.SRBReset
Number of CS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Signaling RLC
Reset for Cell

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

Counter Relationship
Counter

Sub Counter

Sub Counter

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.OM
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.Preempt
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.UTRANgen
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.IuAAL2
VS.RAB.Abno
rmRel.CS

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.OLC
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.ULSync
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.
RF

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.UuNoRe
ply
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.CS.RF.SRBRese
t

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

PS RABs Abnormally Released


Triggered Due to Different Causes (Cell
Level)
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.GTPULoss
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.OM
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.Preempt
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.OLC

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

PS RABs Abnormally Released Due to


Different RF Causes (Cell Level)
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.ULSync
Number of PS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Uplink
Synchronization Failure for Cell

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.UuNoReply
Number of PS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Failure in the Radio
Interface Procedure for Cell

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.SRBReset
Number of PS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Signaling RLC Reset
for Cell

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.TRBReset
Number of PS RABs Abnormally Released Due to Traffic RLC Reset for
Cell
Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page32

Counter Relationship
Counter

Sub Counter

Sub Counter

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.OM
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.Preempt
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.GTPULoss
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.OLC
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.ULSync

VS.RAB.Abno
rmRel.PS
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.
RF

VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.UuNoRe
ply
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.SRBRese
t
VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.RF.TRBRese
t

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

A Example of CS RABs Abnormally


Released Due to Different Causes
VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.OM

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.Pree
mpt

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.UTRA
Ngen

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.RF.SR
BReset

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.RF.UL
Sync

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.RF.Uu
NoReply

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.CS.IuAAL
2

Cell 1

14

10

37

Cell 2

12

21

Cell 3

11

11

14

Cell 4

16

Cell 5

17

Cell 6

14

Cell 7

14

Cell 8

19

Cell 9

17

Cell 10

11

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

A Example of PS RABs Abnormally


Released Due to Different Causes
VS.RAB.Ab VS.RAB.Ab VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.
normRel.P normRel.P RF.SRBReset +
S.OM
S.Preempt VS.RAB.AbnormRel.PS.
RF.TRBReset

VS.RAB.
AbnormR
el.PS.RF.
ULSync

VS.RAB.A
bnormRel
.PS.RF.Uu
NoReply

VS.RAB.Ab
normRel.PS
.GTUPLoss

Cell 1

679

248

515

Cell 2

437

81

667

Cell 3

394

295

371

Cell 4

368

306

319

Cell 5

356

214

338

Cell 6

379

98

320

Cell 7

326

79

348

Cell 8

302

63

267

Cell 9

180

20

600

Cell
10

329

113

188

Copyright 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

Thank you
www.huawei.com