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Clean air

Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 (RA


8749)

Clean water
Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 (RA 9275)

Ecological solid waste


Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

The State shall pursue a


policy of balancing development and
environmental protection.
To achieve this end, the framework for
sustainable development
shall be pursued. It shall be the policy of the
State to:
a) Formulate a holistic national program
of air pollution
management that shall be implemented by
the government
through proper delegation and effective
coordination of
functions and activities;
b) Encourage cooperation and selfregulation among citizens and
industries through the application of
market-based instruments;
c) Focus primarily on pollution
prevention rather than on control
and provide for a comprehensive
management program for air
pollution;
d) Promote public information and
education and to encourage the
participation of an informed and active
public in air quality
planning and monitoring; and
e) Formulate and enforce a system of
accountability for short and
long-term adverse environment of a
project, program or
activity. This shall include the setting up of a
funding or
guarantee mechanism for clean-up and
environmental
rehabilitation and compensation for personal
damages.

The State shall pursue a policy of economic growth in a


manner consistent with the protection, preservation and
revival of the quality of our fresh, brackish and marine
waters. To achieve this end, the framework for sustainable
development shall be pursued. As such, it shall be the policy of
the State:
a) To streamline processes and procedures in the prevention,
control and abatement of pollution of the country's water
resources;
b) To promote environmental strategies, use of appropriate
economic instruments and of control mechanisms for the
protection of water resources;
c) To formulate a holistic national program of water quality
management that recognizes that water quality management
issues cannot be separated from concerns about water sources
and ecological protection, water supply, public health and quality
of life;
d) To formulate an integrated water quality management
framework through proper delegation and effective coordination
of functions and activities;
e) promote commercial and industrial processes and
products that are environment friendly and energy efficient;
f) To encourage cooperation and self-regulation among
citizens and industries through the application of incentives and
market-based instruments and to promote the role of private
industrial enterprises in shaping its regulatory profile within the
acceptable boundaries of public health and environment;
g) To provide for a comprehensive management program for
water pollution focusing on pollution prevention;
h) To promote public information and education and to
encourage the participation of an informed and active public
in water quality management and monitoring;
i) To formulate and enforce a system of accountability for
short and long-term adverse environmental impact of a
project, program or activity; and
j) To encourage civil society and other sectors, particularly labor,
the academe and business undertaking environment-related
activities in their efforts to organize, educate and motivate the
people in addressing pertinent environmental issues and
problems at the local and national levels.

It is hereby declared the policy of the State to adopt a


systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste
management program which shall:
(a) Ensure the protection of the public health and
environment;
(b) Utilize environmentally-sound methods that maximize
the utilization of valuable resources and encourage resource
conservation and recovery;
(c) Set guidelines and targets for solid waste avoidance and
volume reduction through source reduction and waste
minimization measures, including composting, recycling, re-use,
recovery, green charcoal process, and others, before collection,
treatment and disposal in appropriate and environmentally sound
solid waste management facilities in accordance with
ecologically sustainable development principles;
(d) Ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport,
storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the
formulation and adoption of the best environmental practice in
ecological waste management excluding incineration;
(e) Promote national research and development programs
for improved solid waste management and resource
conservation techniques, more effective institutional
arrangement and indigenous and improved methods of waste
reduction, collection, separation and recovery;
(f) Encourage greater private sector participation in solid
waste management;
(g) Retain primary enforcement and responsibility of solid
waste management with local government units while
establishing a cooperative effort among the national government,
other local government units, non- government organizations,
and the private sector;
(h) Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among waste
generators through the application of market-based instruments;
(i) Institutionalize public participation in the development and
implementation of national and local integrated, comprehensive,
and ecological waste management programs; and
(j) Strength the integration of ecological solid waste
management and resource conservation and recovery
topics into the academic curricula of formal and non-formal
education in order to promote environmental awareness and
action among the citizenry.

Phil envi impact system


ESTABLISHING AN ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPACT STATEMENT
SYSTEM INCLUDING OTHER
ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT RELATED MEASURES
AND FOR OTHER
PURPOSES (PD 1586)
It is hereby declared the policy of the
State to attain and
maintain a rational and orderly
balance between socio-economic
growth and environmental
protection.

Downstream Oil Industry Deregulation


Act of 1996 (RA8180)
It shall be the policy of the state to
deregulate the downstream oil industry to
foster a truly competitive market which
can better achieve the social policy
objectives of fair prices and adequate,
continuous supply of environmentally
clean and high quality petroleum
products

fisheries code
[ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8550 ]
The Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998

Section 2. Declaration of Policy.


It is hereby declared the policy of the
state:
a. to achieve food security as the
overriding consideration in the
utilization, management, development,
conservation and protection of fishery
resources
b. to limit access to the fishery and
aquatic resources of the Philippines
for the exclusive use and
enjoyment of Filipino citizens;
c. to ensure the rational and
sustainable development, management
and conservation of the fishery and
aquatic resources in Philippine waters
d. to protect the right of fisherfolk in
the preferential use of the municipal
waters.
e. to provide support to the fishery
sector,
f. to manage fishery and aquatic
resources,
g. to grant the private sector the
privilege to utilize fishery resources
The State shall ensure the attainment of
the following objectives of the fishery
sector:
1. Conservation, protection and sustained
management of the country's fishery and
aquatic
resources;
2. Poverty alleviation and the provision of
supplementary livelihood among
municipal fisherfolk;
3. Improvement of productivity of
aquaculture within ecological limits;
4. Optimal utilization of off-shore and
deep-sea resources; and
5. Upgrading of post-harvest technology.

Llda law
AN ACT CREATING THE LAGUNA
LAKE DEVELOPMENT
AUTHORITY PRESCRIBING ITS
POWERS, FUNCTIONS
AND DUTIES, PROVIDING FUNDS
THEREOF, AND FOR
OTHER PURPOSES (RA 4850)
It is hereby declared to be the
national policy to promote, and
accelerate the development and
balanced
growth of the Laguna Lake area
and the surrounding provinces,
cities and
towns hereinafter referred to as
the region, within the context of
the national
and regional plans and policies
for social and economic
development and to
carry out the development of the
Laguna Lake region, with due
regard and
adequate provisions for
environmental management and
control, preservation
of the quality of human life and
ecological systems, and the
preservation of
undue ecological disturbances,
deterioration and pollution.

Water code
Water Code of the
Philippines (PD 1067)

EPIRA
Electric Power Industry Reform Act of
2001 (RA 9136)

Toxic substances
Toxic Substances and Hazardous
and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 (RA 6969)

(a) To establish the


basic principles and
framework relating to
the appropriation,
control and
conservation of water
resources to achieve
the optimum
development and
rational utilization of
these resources;

It is hereby declared the policy of the State:


(a) To ensure and accelerate the total
electrification of the country;
(b) To ensure the quality, reliability, security and
affordability of the supply of electric
power;
(c) To ensure transparent and reasonable prices
of electricity in a regime of free and fair
competition and full public accountability to achieve
greater operational and
economic efficiency and enhance the
competitiveness of Philippine products in the
global market;
(d) To enhance the inflow of private capital and
broaden the ownership base of the
power generation, transmission and distribution
sectors;
(e) To ensure fair and non-discriminatory
treatment of public and private sector entities
in the process of restructuring the electric power
industry;
(f) To protect the public interest as it is affected by
the rates and services of electric
utilities and other providers of electric power;
(g) To assure socially and environmentally
compatible energy sources and
infrastructure;
(h) To promote the utilization of indigenous and
new and renewable energy resources in
power generation in order to reduce dependence on
imported energy;
(i) To provide for an orderly and transparent
privatization of the assets and liabilities of
the National Power Corporation (NPC);
(j) To establish a strong and purely independent
regulatory body and system to ensure
consumer protection and enhance the competitive
operation of the electricity market;
and
(k) To encourage the efficient use of energy and
other modalities of demand side management.

It is the policy of the State to regulate, restrict or


prohibit
the importation, manufacture, processing, sale,
distribution, use and disposal of chemical
substances and mixtures that present unreasonable
risk and/or injury to health or the
environment; to prohibit the entry, even in transit, of
hazardous and nuclear wastes and their
disposal into the Philippine territorial limits for
whatever purpose; and to provide advancement
and facilitate research and studies on toxic
chemicals.

(b) To define the extent


of the rights and
obligations of water
users and owners
including the
protection and
regulation of such
rights;
(c) To adopt a basic law
governing the
ownership,
appropriation,
utilization, exploitation,
development,
conservation and
protection of water
resources and rights to
land related thereto; and
(d) To identify the
administrative
agencies which will
enforce this Code.

The Objectives of this Act are:


a) To keep an inventory of chemicals that are presently
being imported, manufactured,
or used; indicating, among others, their existing and
possible uses, test data, names
of firms manufacturing or using them, and such other
information as may be
considered relevant to the protection of health and the
environment;
b) To monitor and regulate the importation, manufacture,
processing, handling, storage,
transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of
chemical substances and
mixtures that present unreasonable risk or injury to health
or to the environment in
accordance with national policies and international
commitments;
c) To inform and educate the populace regarding the
hazards and risks attendant to the
manufacture, handling, storage, transportation,
processing, distribution, use and
disposal of toxic chemicals and other substances and
mixtures; and
d) To prevent the entry, even in transit, as well as the
keeping or storage and disposal
of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for
whatever purpose.