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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-08)

Design For Isolated Footing 15


Design For Isolated Footing 22
Design For Isolated Footing 36
Design For Isolated Footing 43
Design For Isolated Footing 88
Design For Isolated Footing 91
Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

15

2.800m

Footing No.

Foundation Geometry
Width

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

Thickness

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

15

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

22

2.800m

Footing No.

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

22

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

36

2.800m

Footing No.

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

36

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

43

2.800m

Footing No.

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

43

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

88

2.800m

Footing No.

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

88

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Foundation Geometry
Width

Thickness

Footing No.
-

Group ID
-

Length

91

2.800m

Footing No.

2.500m

Footing Reinforcement

0.500m
Pedestal Reinforcement

Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

91

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

#16 @ 150 mm c/c

N/A

N/A

Isolated Footing 15

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal
Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

1
2

-0.511

1.907

0.800

0.000

0.000

4.926

-0.009

2.808

0.000

0.000

-67.582

82.604

10.075

0.000

0.000

-4.239

-13.163

37.949

0.000

0.000

30.413

-1.709

1.050

0.000

0.000

36.285

-7.594

-0.856

0.000

0.000

30

30.413

-1.709

1.050

0.000

0.000

31

66.698

-9.303

0.194

0.000

0.000

32

57.627

-7.404

0.408

0.000

0.000

33

-37.170

80.895

11.124

0.000

0.000

34

26.174

-14.872

38.999

0.000

0.000

35

30.055

-0.374

1.609

0.000

0.000

36

33.861

-1.715

3.015

0.000

0.000

37

30.771

-3.044

0.490

0.000

0.000

38

26.965

-1.703

-0.916

0.000

0.000

39

6.940

54.549

7.964

0.000

0.000

40

54.448

-17.276

28.869

0.000

0.000

41

57.359

-6.403

0.827

0.000

0.000

42

60.213

-7.409

1.882

0.000

0.000

43

57.895

-8.406

-0.012

0.000

0.000

44

55.041

-7.400

-1.067

0.000

0.000

45

-49.335

81.579

10.704

0.000

0.000

46

14.009

-14.188

38.579

0.000

0.000

47

17.890

0.310

1.190

0.000

0.000

48

21.696

-1.031

2.595

0.000

0.000

49

18.605

-2.361

0.070

0.000

0.000

50

14.799

-1.019

-1.336

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

1
2

Applied Loads - Strength Level


Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

-0.511

1.907

0.800

0.000

0.000

4.926

-0.009

2.808

0.000

0.000

-67.582

82.604

10.075

0.000

0.000

-4.239

-13.163

37.949

0.000

0.000

30.413

-1.709

1.050

0.000

0.000

36.285

-7.594

-0.856

0.000

0.000

44

55.041

-7.400

-1.067

0.000

0.000

45

-49.335

81.579

10.704

0.000

0.000

46

14.009

-14.188

38.579

0.000

0.000

47

17.890

0.310

1.190

0.000

0.000

48

21.696

-1.031

2.595

0.000

0.000

49

18.605

-2.361

0.070

0.000

0.000

50

14.799

-1.019

-1.336

0.000

0.000

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o
2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.461m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 44

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

71.7170

68.8693

68.9356

71.7834

0.000

31

71.7170

68.8693

68.9356

71.7834

0.000

39

52.0749

68.7736

71.5040

54.8053

0.000

40

66.2716

60.9829

70.8810

76.1697

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

71.7170

68.8693

68.9356

71.7834

31

71.7170

68.8693

68.9356

71.7834

39

52.0749

68.7736

71.5040

54.8053

40

66.2716

60.9829

70.8810

76.1697

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety against sliding

Factor of safety
against overturning

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

About XDirection

About ZDirection

111.427

265.805

102.763

1329.026

623.990

25005.808

76.661

76.660

383.303

140032.525

2.167

17.768

2.151

88.838

12.135

16.005

5.551

5.245

27.757

89.630

133.414

217.188

113.679

1085.941

747.117

30.411

269.714

30.220

1348.571

170.303

30

133.414

217.188

113.679

1085.941

747.117

31

26.459

1271.688

26.453

6358.440

148.171

32

32.631

592.737

32.581

2963.687

182.732

33

2.401

17.458

2.378

87.290

13.444

34

15.189

5.792

5.412

28.960

85.057

35

609.516

141.548

137.879

707.738

3413.287

36

133.950

76.186

66.224

380.928

750.122

37

74.956

465.613

74.003

2328.067

419.754

38

132.873

247.091

117.026

1235.455

744.091

39

3.965

27.157

3.923

135.783

22.202

40

13.893

8.314

7.134

41.569

77.800

41

37.713

291.845

37.402

1459.223

211.193

42

32.785

129.081

31.776

645.404

183.598

43

28.759

19850.448

28.759

99252.238

161.052

44

32.476

225.320

32.144

1126.602

181.865

45

2.306

17.575

2.286

87.873

12.914

46

15.492

5.697

5.347

28.487

86.754

47

715.716

186.399

180.382

931.997

4008.009

48

216.831

86.168

80.077

430.841

1214.256

49

94.086

3166.095

94.044

15830.474

526.879

50

216.012

164.856

131.051

824.279

1209.668

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 3
Governing Disturbing Force : 82.604kN
Governing Restoring Force : 179.002kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 2.167
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4
Governing Overturning Moment : 18.974kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 526.675kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 27.757

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4
Governing Disturbing Force : 37.949kN
Governing Restoring Force : 210.674kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.551
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 3
Governing Overturning Moment : -41.301kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 501.196kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 12.135

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 3
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 83.216kN
Governing Restoring Force : 179.002kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 2.151

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 439.103kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 44

844.290 kN
136.373 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
123.028 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

114.862

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

127.625

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00063

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00056
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

175.484

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

194.982

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00104

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00089
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 22

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load

Load

Soil

Self

Combination
Number

Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Bearing
Factor

Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

0.204

1.870

-0.955

0.000

0.000

5.264

0.099

2.470

0.000

0.000

-60.419

32.036

-28.170

0.000

0.000

13.328

12.609

56.838

0.000

0.000

26.808

1.805

0.108

0.000

0.000

35.767

7.948

-2.608

0.000

0.000

30

26.808

1.805

0.108

0.000

0.000

31

62.575

9.753

-2.500

0.000

0.000

32

53.633

7.766

-1.848

0.000

0.000

33

-33.611

33.841

-28.061

0.000

0.000

34

40.136

14.414

56.946

0.000

0.000

35

26.951

3.114

-0.560

0.000

0.000

36

30.492

1.874

1.838

0.000

0.000

37

26.665

0.496

0.777

0.000

0.000

38

23.123

1.735

-1.621

0.000

0.000

39

8.319

31.793

-22.975

0.000

0.000

40

63.629

17.223

40.781

0.000

0.000

41

53.740

8.748

-2.349

0.000

0.000

42

56.396

7.818

-0.551

0.000

0.000

43

53.526

6.784

-1.346

0.000

0.000

44

50.870

7.714

-3.145

0.000

0.000

45

-44.334

33.119

-28.105

0.000

0.000

46

29.413

13.692

56.903

0.000

0.000

47

16.227

2.392

-0.604

0.000

0.000

48

19.769

1.153

1.794

0.000

0.000

49

15.942

-0.226

0.734

0.000

0.000

50

12.400

1.013

-1.664

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

0.204

1.870

-0.955

0.000

0.000

5.264

0.099

2.470

0.000

0.000

-60.419

32.036

-28.170

0.000

0.000

13.328

12.609

56.838

0.000

0.000

26.808

1.805

0.108

0.000

0.000

35.767

7.948

-2.608

0.000

0.000

44

50.870

7.714

-3.145

0.000

0.000

45

-44.334

33.119

-28.105

0.000

0.000

46

29.413

13.692

56.903

0.000

0.000

47

16.227

2.392

-0.604

0.000

0.000

48

19.769

1.153

1.794

0.000

0.000

49

15.942

-0.226

0.734

0.000

0.000

50

12.400

1.013

-1.664

0.000

0.000

Applied Loads - Strength Level

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o

2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.446m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 46

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

68.6730

71.6586

70.8015

67.8159

0.000

31

68.6730

71.6586

70.8015

67.8159

0.000

40

60.2608

65.5330

79.5150

74.2427

0.000

40

60.2608

65.5330

79.5150

74.2427

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

68.6730

71.6586

70.8015

67.8159

31

68.6730

71.6586

70.8015

67.8159

40

60.2608

65.5330

79.5150

74.2427

40

60.2608

65.5330

79.5150

74.2427

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety against sliding

Factor of safety
against overturning

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

113.850

222.841

101.384

1114.205

637.558

2168.174

87.205

87.134

436.024

12141.774

5.699

6.482

4.280

32.408

31.916

17.405

3.861

3.769

19.306

97.468

125.321

2085.552

125.095

10427.760

701.798

29.023

88.438

27.576

442.190

162.529

30

125.321

2085.552

125.095

10427.760

701.798

31

25.026

97.637

24.243

488.183

140.147

32

30.854

129.673

30.016

648.365

172.781

33

5.791

6.984

4.458

34.921

32.432

34

16.155

4.089

3.964

20.446

90.470

35

72.664

403.836

71.515

2019.179

406.916

36

121.654

124.090

86.871

620.451

681.263

37

455.932

290.943

245.261

1454.715

2553.220

38

129.282

138.425

94.483

692.123

723.980

39

6.824

9.443

5.531

47.215

38.214

40

14.203

5.998

5.526

29.991

79.535

41

27.397

102.012

26.460

510.059

153.425

42

30.825

437.469

30.748

2187.346

172.618

43

35.311

177.946

34.635

889.728

197.740

44

30.883

75.755

28.598

378.774

172.947

45

5.756

6.783

4.389

33.914

32.232

46

16.616

3.998

3.887

19.990

93.048

47

92.355

365.933

89.547

1829.663

517.186

48

193.210

124.102

104.418

620.512

1081.978

49

976.779

300.837

287.510

1504.186

5469.961

50

216.095

131.594

112.394

657.971

1210.130

About X- About ZDirection Direction

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 3
Governing Disturbing Force : 32.036kN
Governing Restoring Force : 182.584kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.699
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4
Governing Overturning Moment : 28.418kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 548.633kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 19.306

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4
Governing Disturbing Force : 56.838kN
Governing Restoring Force : 219.457kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 3.861
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 3
Governing Overturning Moment : -16.018kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 511.225kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 31.916

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 4
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 58.220kN
Governing Restoring Force : 219.457kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 3.769

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 435.293kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 46

844.290 kN
142.717 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
122.037 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.937

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.596

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00063

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00055
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

174.545

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

193.939

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00104

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00089
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 36

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load

Load

Soil

Self

Combination
Number

Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Bearing
Factor

Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

-1.921

2.093

-0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

-0.074

0.000

0.000

-95.834

86.938

0.001

0.000

0.000

-63.466

-12.249

-0.468

0.000

0.000

28.687

-1.823

0.000

0.000

0.000

40.053

-8.172

0.000

0.000

0.000

30

28.687

-1.823

0.000

0.000

0.000

31

68.739

-9.994

0.000

0.000

0.000

32

58.726

-7.952

0.000

0.000

0.000

33

-67.147

85.115

0.001

0.000

0.000

34

-34.779

-14.072

-0.468

0.000

0.000

35

27.342

-0.358

0.000

0.000

0.000

36

28.687

-1.823

-0.052

0.000

0.000

37

30.032

-3.288

0.000

0.000

0.000

38

28.687

-1.823

0.052

0.000

0.000

39

-13.149

57.252

0.001

0.000

0.000

40

11.127

-17.138

-0.351

0.000

0.000

41

57.718

-6.853

0.000

0.000

0.000

42

58.726

-7.952

-0.039

0.000

0.000

43

59.735

-9.050

0.000

0.000

0.000

44

58.726

-7.952

0.039

0.000

0.000

45

-78.622

85.844

0.001

0.000

0.000

46

-46.254

-13.342

-0.468

0.000

0.000

47

15.867

0.371

0.000

0.000

0.000

48

17.212

-1.094

-0.052

0.000

0.000

49

18.557

-2.559

0.000

0.000

0.000

50

17.212

-1.094

0.052

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

-1.921

2.093

-0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

-0.074

0.000

0.000

-95.834

86.938

0.001

0.000

0.000

-63.466

-12.249

-0.468

0.000

0.000

28.687

-1.823

0.000

0.000

0.000

40.053

-8.172

0.000

0.000

0.000

44

58.726

-7.952

0.039

0.000

0.000

45

-78.622

85.844

0.001

0.000

0.000

46

-46.254

-13.342

-0.468

0.000

0.000

47

15.867

0.371

0.000

0.000

0.000

48

17.212

-1.094

-0.052

0.000

0.000

49

18.557

-2.559

0.000

0.000

0.000

50

17.212

-1.094

0.052

0.000

0.000

Applied Loads - Strength Level

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o

2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.472m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 44

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

0.000

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

0.000

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

0.000

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

31

72.1477

69.0882

69.0882

72.1477

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety
against overturning

Factor of safety against sliding

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

About XDirection

About ZDirection

101.215

0.000

101.215

0.000

566.805

0.000

2878.813

2878.813

14394.065

0.000

1.896

247261.853

1.896

1236309.263

10.620

14.782

387.033

14.771

1935.167

82.779

124.602

0.000

124.602

0.000

697.769

28.491

0.000

28.491

0.000

159.552

30

124.602

0.000

124.602

0.000

697.769

31

24.730

0.000

24.730

0.000

138.488

32

30.454

0.000

30.454

0.000

170.542

33

2.106

268767.388

2.106

1343836.942

11.791

34

13.886

417.694

13.879

2088.470

77.764

35

632.795

0.000

632.795

0.000

3543.652

36

124.602

4389.803

124.551

21949.013

697.769

37

69.287

0.000

69.287

0.000

388.005

38

124.602

4389.800

124.551

21949.002

697.769

39

3.602

412339.276

3.602

2061696.379

20.171

40

12.741

622.344

12.738

3111.719

71.350

41

35.263

0.000

35.263

0.000

197.474

42

30.454

6240.112

30.454

31200.562

170.542

43

26.812

0.000

26.812

0.000

150.149

44

30.454

6240.108

30.454

31200.542

170.542

45

2.021

260165.279

2.021

1300826.397

11.317

46

14.215

405.430

14.207

2027.149

79.606

47

594.499

0.000

594.499

0.000

3329.194

48

202.424

4278.918

202.198

21394.588

1133.573

49

86.789

0.000

86.789

0.000

486.016

50

202.424

4278.916

202.198

21394.582

1133.573

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 2
Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000kN
Governing Restoring Force : 212.793kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 1
Governing Overturning Moment : -0.000kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 529.571kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 1
Governing Disturbing Force : -0.000kN
Governing Restoring Force : 211.832kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 2
Governing Overturning Moment : -0.000kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 595.810kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 3
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 86.938kN
Governing Restoring Force : 164.876kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 1.896

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 442.470kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 44

844.290 kN
137.167 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
124.071 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

115.834

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

128.705

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00064

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00056
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

176.518

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

196.131

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00105

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00090
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 43

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load

Load

Soil

Self

Combination
Number

Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Bearing
Factor

Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

2.054

-0.000

2.051

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.289

0.000

0.000

-26.273

35.249

-0.004

0.000

0.000

-58.112

11.220

-1.818

0.000

0.000

25.170

1.815

-0.000

0.000

0.000

LC

40.223

8.205

0.000

0.000

0.000

30

25.170

1.815

-0.000

0.000

0.000

31

65.393

10.020

0.000

0.000

0.000

32

55.337

7.969

0.000

0.000

0.000

33

-1.103

37.064

-0.004

0.000

0.000

34

-32.942

13.035

-1.818

0.000

0.000

35

26.608

3.251

-0.000

0.000

0.000

36

25.170

1.815

-0.202

0.000

0.000

37

23.732

0.379

-0.000

0.000

0.000

38

25.170

1.815

0.202

0.000

0.000

39

35.632

34.406

-0.003

0.000

0.000

40

11.753

16.384

-1.363

0.000

0.000

41

56.415

9.046

0.000

0.000

0.000

42

55.337

7.969

-0.152

0.000

0.000

43

54.259

6.892

0.000

0.000

0.000

44

55.337

7.969

0.152

0.000

0.000

45

-11.171

36.338

-0.004

0.000

0.000

46

-43.010

12.309

-1.818

0.000

0.000

47

16.540

2.525

-0.000

0.000

0.000

48

15.102

1.089

-0.202

0.000

0.000

49

13.664

-0.347

-0.000

0.000

0.000

50

15.102

1.089

0.202

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

2.054

2.051

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.000

0.000

-0.289

0.000

0.000

-26.273

35.249

-0.004

0.000

0.000

-58.112

11.220

-1.818

0.000

0.000

25.170

1.815

-0.000

0.000

0.000

40.223

8.205

0.000

0.000

0.000

44

55.337

7.969

0.152

0.000

0.000

45

-11.171

36.338

-0.004

0.000

0.000

46

-43.010

12.309

-1.818

0.000

0.000

47

16.540

2.525

-0.000

0.000

0.000

48

15.102

1.089

-0.202

0.000

0.000

49

13.664

-0.347

-0.000

0.000

0.000

50

15.102

1.089

0.202

0.000

0.000

Applied Loads - Strength Level

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o

2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.455m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 44

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

0.000

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

0.000

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

0.000

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

31

68.6061

71.6736

71.6736

68.6061

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety against sliding

Factor of safety
against overturning

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

About XDirection

About ZDirection

104.252

0.000

104.252

0.000

583.811

0.000

736.496

736.496

3682.478

0.000

5.664

45409.448

5.664

227047.242

31.720

16.376

101.090

16.166

505.448

91.708

124.176

0.000

124.176

0.000

695.386

28.384

0.000

28.384

0.000

158.951

30

124.176

0.000

124.176

0.000

695.386

31

24.499

0.000

24.499

0.000

137.193

32

30.174

0.000

30.174

0.000

168.976

33

5.726

48271.742

5.726

241358.708

32.068

34

15.062

108.014

14.917

540.068

84.345

35

69.554

0.000

69.554

0.000

389.501

36

124.176

1114.362

123.412

5571.810

695.386

37

592.311

0.000

592.311

0.000

3316.939

38

124.176

1114.362

123.412

5571.810

695.386

39

6.703

69932.412

6.703

349662.060

37.535

40

13.347

160.412

13.301

802.059

74.741

41

26.642

0.000

26.642

0.000

149.196

42

30.174

1585.255

30.169

7926.275

168.976

43

34.810

0.000

34.810

0.000

194.937

44

30.174

1585.255

30.169

7926.274

168.976

45

5.702

47126.826

5.702

235634.128

31.933

46

15.541

105.244

15.374

526.220

87.029

47

87.561

0.000

87.561

0.000

490.339

48

202.338

1089.472

198.936

5447.359

1133.091

49

633.471

0.000

633.471

0.000

3547.435

50

202.338

1089.472

198.936

5447.359

1133.091

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 2
Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000kN
Governing Restoring Force : 212.793kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 1
Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 534.540kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 1
Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000kN
Governing Restoring Force : 213.820kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 2
Governing Overturning Moment : -0.000kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 595.810kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 3
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 35.249kN
Governing Restoring Force : 199.656kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.664

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 439.374kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 44

844.290 kN
136.234 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
123.218 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

115.039

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

127.821

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00063

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00056
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

175.251

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

194.723

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00104

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00089
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 88

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load

Load

Soil

Self

Combination
Number

Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Bearing
Factor

Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

-0.511

1.907

-0.800

0.000

0.000

-4.926

0.009

2.808

0.000

0.000

-67.359

82.464

-10.146

0.000

0.000

-115.759

-12.176

34.143

0.000

0.000

30.413

-1.709

-1.050

0.000

0.000

36.285

-7.594

0.856

0.000

0.000

30

30.413

-1.709

-1.050

0.000

0.000

31

66.698

-9.303

-0.194

0.000

0.000

32

57.627

-7.404

-0.408

0.000

0.000

33

-36.946

80.755

-11.196

0.000

0.000

34

-85.346

-13.885

33.093

0.000

0.000

35

30.055

-0.374

-1.609

0.000

0.000

36

26.965

-1.703

0.916

0.000

0.000

37

30.771

-3.044

-0.490

0.000

0.000

38

33.861

-1.715

-3.015

0.000

0.000

39

7.108

54.444

-8.017

0.000

0.000

40

-29.192

-16.536

25.199

0.000

0.000

41

57.359

-6.403

-0.827

0.000

0.000

42

55.041

-7.400

1.067

0.000

0.000

43

57.895

-8.406

0.012

0.000

0.000

44

60.213

-7.409

-1.882

0.000

0.000

45

-49.111

81.439

-10.776

0.000

0.000

46

-97.511

-13.201

33.513

0.000

0.000

47

17.890

0.310

-1.190

0.000

0.000

48

14.799

-1.019

1.336

0.000

0.000

49

18.605

-2.361

-0.070

0.000

0.000

50

21.696

-1.031

-2.595

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

-0.511

1.907

-0.800

0.000

0.000

-4.926

0.009

2.808

0.000

0.000

Applied Loads - Strength Level

-67.359

82.464

-10.146

0.000

0.000

-115.759

-12.176

34.143

0.000

0.000

30.413

-1.709

-1.050

0.000

0.000

36.285

-7.594

0.856

0.000

0.000

44

60.213

-7.409

-1.882

0.000

0.000

45

-49.111

81.439

-10.776

0.000

0.000

46

-97.511

-13.201

33.513

0.000

0.000

47

17.890

0.310

-1.190

0.000

0.000

48

14.799

-1.019

1.336

0.000

0.000

49

18.605

-2.361

-0.070

0.000

0.000

50

21.696

-1.031

-2.595

0.000

0.000

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o

2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.461m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 44

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

0.000

39

54.8546

71.5211

68.7723

52.1058

0.000

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

0.000

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

39

54.8546

71.5211

68.7723

52.1058

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

31

71.7834

68.9356

68.8693

71.7170

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety against sliding

Factor of safety
against overturning

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

About XDirection

About ZDirection

111.427

265.805

102.763

1329.026

623.990

24433.567

74.906

74.906

374.531

136827.974

2.172

17.653

2.156

88.265

12.163

12.723

4.537

4.274

22.686

71.248

133.414

217.188

113.679

1085.941

747.117

30.411

269.714

30.220

1348.571

170.303

30

133.414

217.188

113.679

1085.941

747.117

31

26.459

1271.690

26.453

6358.451

148.171

32

32.631

592.738

32.581

2963.689

182.732

33

2.406

17.356

2.383

86.780

13.475

34

12.252

5.141

4.740

25.704

68.612

35

609.516

141.548

137.879

707.738

3413.288

36

132.873

247.091

117.026

1235.455

744.091

37

74.956

465.613

74.003

2328.067

419.754

38

133.950

76.186

66.224

380.928

750.122

39

3.974

26.985

3.931

134.924

22.253

40

11.986

7.865

6.576

39.326

67.119

41

37.713

291.845

37.402

1459.223

211.193

42

32.476

225.320

32.144

1126.602

181.865

43

28.759

19849.958

28.759

99249.790

161.052

44

32.785

129.081

31.776

645.404

183.598

45

2.311

17.468

2.291

87.339

12.944

46

12.426

4.895

4.554

24.474

69.585

47

715.716

186.399

180.382

931.997

4008.008

48

216.012

164.856

131.051

824.279

1209.668

49

94.086

3166.100

94.044

15830.498

526.879

50

216.831

86.168

80.077

430.841

1214.256

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 3
Governing Disturbing Force : 82.464kN
Governing Restoring Force : 179.114kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 2.172
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4
Governing Overturning Moment : 17.071kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 387.278kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 22.686

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4
Governing Disturbing Force : 34.143kN
Governing Restoring Force : 154.914kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 4.537
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 3
Governing Overturning Moment : -41.231kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 501.509kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 12.163

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 3
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 83.086kN
Governing Restoring Force : 179.114kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 2.156

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 443.829kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 44

844.290 kN
138.037 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
124.337 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

116.086

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

128.984

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00064

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00057
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

177.597

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

197.330

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00106

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00090
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 91

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension
Footing Thickness (Ft) : 500.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2800.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2500.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular
Column Length - X (Dcol) : 0.500m
Column Width - Z (Bcol) : 0.200m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No
Pedestal Shape : N/A
Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3
Strength of Concrete : 30.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #16
Maximum Bar Size : #16
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : 7
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : 7
Minimum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 150.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000mm
Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained
Unit Weight : 22.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 200.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 5.000kN/m2
Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000mm
Cohesion : 0.000kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500
Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500
------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size
Initial Length (Lo) = 2.800m
Initial Width (Wo) = 2.500m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load

Load

Soil

Self

Combination
Number

Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

Bearing
Factor

Weight
Factor

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

30

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 1

1.00

1.00

1.00

31

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 2

1.00

1.00

1.00

32

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 3

1.00

1.00

1.00

33

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 4

1.00

1.00

1.00

34

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 5

1.00

1.00

1.00

35

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 6

1.00

1.00

1.00

36

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 7

1.00

1.00

1.00

37

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 8

1.00

1.00

1.00

38

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 9

1.00

1.00

1.00

39

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 10

1.00

1.00

1.00

40

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 11

1.00

1.00

1.00

41

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 12

1.00

1.00

1.00

42

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 13

1.00

1.00

1.00

43

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 14

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Soil
Bearing
Factor

Self
Weight
Factor

Load
Combination
Number

Load
Combination
Factor

Load Combination Title

EQX

1.00

1.00

1.00

EQZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDX

1.00

1.00

1.00

WINDZ

1.00

1.00

1.00

DEADLOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

LIVELOAD

1.00

1.00

1.00

44

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 15

1.00

1.00

1.00

45

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 16

1.00

1.00

1.00

46

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 17

1.00

1.00

1.00

47

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 18

1.00

1.00

1.00

48

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 19

1.00

1.00

1.00

49

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 20

1.00

1.00

1.00

50

GENERATED AISC GENERAL 21

1.00

1.00

1.00

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC

Axial
(kN)

Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

0.204

1.870

0.955

0.000

0.000

-5.264

-0.099

2.470

0.000

0.000

-60.593

31.929

28.245

0.000

0.000

-109.474

10.518

32.147

0.000

0.000

26.808

1.805

-0.108

0.000

0.000

35.767

7.948

2.608

0.000

0.000

30

26.808

1.805

-0.108

0.000

0.000

31

62.575

9.753

2.500

0.000

0.000

32

53.633

7.766

1.848

0.000

0.000

33

-33.785

33.734

28.136

0.000

0.000

34

-82.666

12.323

32.039

0.000

0.000

35

26.951

3.114

0.560

0.000

0.000

36

23.123

1.735

1.621

0.000

0.000

37

26.665

0.496

-0.777

0.000

0.000

38

30.492

1.874

-1.838

0.000

0.000

39

8.188

31.712

23.031

0.000

0.000

40

-28.472

15.654

25.958

0.000

0.000

41

53.740

8.748

2.349

0.000

0.000

42

50.870

7.714

3.145

0.000

0.000

43

53.526

6.784

1.346

0.000

0.000

44

56.396

7.818

0.551

0.000

0.000

45

-44.508

33.012

28.180

0.000

0.000

46

-93.389

11.601

32.082

0.000

0.000

47

16.227

2.392

0.604

0.000

0.000

48

12.400

1.013

1.664

0.000

0.000

49

15.942

-0.226

-0.734

0.000

0.000

50

19.769

1.153

-1.794

0.000

0.000

LC

Axial
(kN)

Applied Loads - Strength Level


Shear X
(kN)

Shear Z
(kN)

Moment X
(kNm)

Moment Z
(kNm)

0.204

1.870

0.955

0.000

0.000

-5.264

-0.099

2.470

0.000

0.000

-60.593

31.929

28.245

0.000

0.000

-109.474

10.518

32.147

0.000

0.000

26.808

1.805

-0.108

0.000

0.000

35.767

7.948

2.608

0.000

0.000

44

56.396

7.818

0.551

0.000

0.000

45

-44.508

33.012

28.180

0.000

0.000

46

-93.389

11.601

32.082

0.000

0.000

47

16.227

2.392

0.604

0.000

0.000

48

12.400

1.013

1.664

0.000

0.000

49

15.942

-0.226

-0.734

0.000

0.000

50

19.769

1.153

-1.794

0.000

0.000

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 7.000m2
o
o

2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q
max = 2.441m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.

P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).


qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.800

Governing Load Case :

#1

Width (W2) = 2.500

Governing Load Case :

#1

Depth (D2) = 0.500

Governing Load Case :

# 44

Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case


(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)
Area (A2) = 7.000

m2

Final Pedestal Height = 0.000

Final Soil Height = 2.000

Footing Self Weight = 87.497

kN

Soil Weight On Top Of


303.589 kN
Footing =

Pressures at Four Corners

Pressure at
corner 1
(q1)

Pressure at
corner 2
(q2)

Pressure at
corner 3
(q3)

Pressure at
corner 4
(q4)

Area of footing
in uplift (Au)

(kN/m2)

(m2)

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

0.000

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

0.000

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

0.000

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

0.000

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative
pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at
corner 1 (q1)

Pressure at
corner 2 (q2)

Pressure at
corner 3 (q3)

Pressure at
corner 4 (q4)

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

31

67.8159

70.8015

71.6586

68.6730

Load Case

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

(kN/m2)

Factor of safety against sliding

Factor of safety
against overturning

Load
Case
No.

Along XDirection

Along ZDirection

Resultant

113.850

222.841

101.384

1114.205

637.558

2115.198

85.074

85.005

425.371

11845.111

5.716

6.461

4.281

32.307

32.008

15.028

4.917

4.673

24.583

84.155

125.321

2085.553

125.095

10427.764

701.798

29.023

88.438

27.576

442.190

162.529

30

125.321

2085.553

125.095

10427.764

701.798

31

25.026

97.637

24.243

488.183

140.147

32

30.854

129.673

30.016

648.365

172.781

33

5.807

6.963

4.460

34.813

32.521

34

13.914

5.352

4.995

26.758

77.920

35

72.664

403.836

71.515

2019.179

406.916

36

129.282

138.425

94.483

692.123

723.980

37

455.932

290.943

245.261

1454.715

2553.220

38

121.654

124.090

86.871

620.451

681.263

39

6.839

9.417

5.534

47.085

38.299

40

12.684

7.649

6.550

38.246

71.030

41

27.397

102.012

26.460

510.059

153.425

42

30.883

75.755

28.598

378.774

172.947

43

35.311

177.946

34.635

889.728

197.740

44

30.825

437.469

30.748

2187.345

172.618

45

5.772

6.762

4.390

33.808

32.323

46

14.318

5.177

4.869

25.886

80.181

47

92.355

365.933

89.547

1829.663

517.186

48

216.095

131.594

112.394

657.971

1210.130

49

976.779

300.837

287.510

1504.186

5469.961

50

193.210

124.102

104.418

620.512

1081.978

About X- About ZDirection Direction

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 3
Governing Disturbing Force : 31.929kN
Governing Restoring Force : 182.497kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.716
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4
Governing Overturning Moment : 16.073kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 395.133kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 24.583

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4
Governing Disturbing Force : 32.147kN
Governing Restoring Force : 158.056kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 4.917
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 3
Governing Overturning Moment : -15.964kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 510.981kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 32.008

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant 3
Direction :
Governing Disturbing Force : 42.629kN
Governing Restoring Force : 182.497kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 4.281

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation
Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D =


Calculated Effective Depth, deff =
For rectangular column,

0.500m
D - Ccover - 0.5 * db =

0.442m

Bcol / Dcol =

2.500

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc

Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 440.342kN, Load Case # 44


From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column=

3.168m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 =

2292.610kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 =

4827.732kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 =

2547.344kN

Punching shear strength, Vc =

0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) =

1719.457kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along X Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

1125.720kN

Distance along X to design for shear,


Dx =

0.708m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column
caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vux is # 44

844.290 kN
136.632 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check


Along Z Direction
(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =


1005.107

kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

0.708 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the
column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations,

0.75 X Vc =

Critical load case for Vuz is # 44

753.831 kN
123.455 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=

0.442 m

Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

115.261

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

128.068

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required

0.00064

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00056
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =


Available development length for bars, DL
=
Try bar size

# 16

Number of bars required, Nbar =

=0.305

1.100

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2


15

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total =


deff =
Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3015.962

D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) =

0.442

mm2
m

0.00273

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis


(For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of
Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)
Critical Load Case # 44
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom
Effective Depth deff=
Factor

0.426 m
0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200
16.275

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about X axis is
performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dz =

for critical load case

1.300

Ultimate moment,

175.525

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

195.028

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00104

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00089
min

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected Bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Required development length for bars =

0.305 m

Available development length for bars, DL


=

1.100 m

Try bar size

# 16

Area of one bar = 201.064 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar =

17

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total =
deff =

Reinforcement ratio,

Nbar X (Area of one bar) =

3418.090

D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar)

0.426

mm2
m

0.00287

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 150.000mm

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars


Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.
As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based
on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

113.861

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

126.513

kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

Area of Steel Required, As =

min Governs
2800.000 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...

The reinforcement is accepted.


According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

First load case to be in pure uplift # 0


Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required
The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor

0.832

from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 =

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2,

0.03023

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3,

0.02267

From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

0.00200

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

16.275

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column
at a distance, Dx =

1.150

Ultimate moment,

101.662

kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

112.958

kNm

(Based on effective depth)Required


=

0.00060

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth =


Since

0.00051
min

min Governs
2500.000 mm2

Area of Steel Required, As =

Selected bar Size = #16


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 150.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 150.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 254.793mm
Safe for Cracking Aspect.
Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 150.000mm o.c.
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