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COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE

I.

AMERICA
A. Spanish Colonial(1765- 1803)
1.colonies: Florida, Southern Texas, Rio Grande Valley, Arizona, Southern California, Mexico, Peru
2.Building types:
Pueblos or civic town settlements
Presidios or military bases
Missions or churches
3.Architectural character
Indigenous materials
Lime mortar with oyster shell aggregate
adobe
Single storey with high ceiling
Roofing evolved from thatched, red clay tiles and flat roof
Vigas portruding wooden beams
Baroque elements
Parapets
4.Structures:
A. Mission San Xavier del bac

LOCATION

Tucson, Arizona
DESIGNER
unknown
EXTERIOR
White stucco walls
ornate facade
INTERIOR
mesquite wooden doors
ornaments: statues, frescoes, moulding, paintings
Latin cross layout
B. Castillo de San Marcos Fort

LOCATION
-shore of Matanzas Bay, St. Agustine, Florida
DESIGNER
-Engineer Ignacio Daza
EXTERIOR
- Limestone : coquina

-bastion system
C. Mission San Francisco de Asis

2.

LOCATION
-Ranchos de Taos, New Mexico
DESIGNER
-unknown
EXTERIOR
- sculpted adobe walls
-two bell towers
-entrance with buttress
INTERIOR
-with vigas or wooden ceiling beams

B. English colonial
1.colonies: Virginia, California, East Florida, West Florida, Carolinas, Georgia
2.Building types:
Churches
Houses
3.Architectural character
Timber construction
Oak and Red Cedar
Thatched roof
Bricks
Imported glass from England lined with lead

Chimneys
4.Structures
A. St. Luke's Church

LOCATION
-Smithfield, Virginia
DESIGNER
-unknown
EXTERIOR
-brickwork
- steep pitched roof
-Crow-stepped gables
-eelipitical windows
quoins
INTERIOR
-destroyed

B. French Colonial
1.colonies: New Orleans, Louisiana, Mississippi River Valley, Missouri, Canada
2.Building types
Forts
Houses

Churches
Chateus
Plantation houses
3.Architectural character
Types of construction:
Poteaux-en-terre (posts on earth)
briquette-entre-poteaux (bricks between posts)
potteaux sur sole (posts on a sill)
Large windows and french doors
Steep or double-pitched roof
Chimneys
Shingles for roofing
porch
4.structures:
A. Buldoc House

LOCATION
-St. Genevieve, Mississippi
DESIGNER
unknownn
EXTERIOR
- steep double-pitched roof

-shingle roofing
-Chimneys
-Frencdoors
- Poteaux-en-terre construction
INTERIOR
-N/A
B. Lafittes Blacksmith Shop

LOCATION
- New Orleans
DESIGNER
unknownn
EXTERIOR
- steep double-pitched roof
-shingle roofing
-Chimneys
-Frencdoors
- briquette-entre-poteaux construction
INTERIOR
-N/A
C. Chateau St. Louis

LOCATION
- Quebec
DESIGNER
-unknownn
EXTERIOR
- steep roof
-shingle roofing
-Chimneys
-porch
-large windows
INTERIOR
-N/A

B. Georgian Colonial
1.Colonies: Canada, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hamsphire, Delaware, New
York, New Jersey, North and South Carolina
2.Building types
Houses
Mansions
Churches
3.Architectural character
Materials- Bricks andwhite painted wood
Wooden column

Multiple chimneys
Has formal rooms instead of areas
Roofs- Double slanted, Gable or hipped roof, crowned with balustrade
Symmetrical plan and design
Entrances- with pediments that is supported by a doric column
4.Structures:
A. Mount Pleasant Mansion

2.

LOCATION
Philiadelphia, Pennsylvania
DESIGNER
-Arch. Thomas Nevell
EXTERIOR
-bricks
-Multiple chimneys
-Symmetrical plan and design
-Entrances- with pediments that is supported by a doric column
-balustrade on roof
INTERIOR
- cabinets with pediments and column mouldings
B. Massachusetts Hall

3.

LOCATION
-Harvard University, Massachusetts
DESIGNER
- Arch. John Leverett
EXTERIOR
- brick wall
-symetrical
-presence of balustrade and chimbeys
-large windows
INTERIOR
-altered

B. Dutch Colonial
1.Colonies: New Amsterdam, Hudson River Valley (New York), and Bergen (New Jersey)
2.Building types
Houses
Farmhouses
3.Architectural character
Materials- bricks and stones
Gambrel roof
Dutch doors
Symmetrical or balanced asymmetrical facade

Flared eaves
1 and storey or 2 storey
Side entry
Dormer windows
Gable end chimneys
Covered porch with overhanging roof supported by decorative column
4.Structures:
A. N/A

2.

LOCATION
-N/A
DESIGNER
-N/A
EXTERIOR
- side entry
-dormer windows
-gambrel roof
-gable end chimneys
-bricks
-porch

INTERIOR
-N/A