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2nd!par(al!!
ARISTOTLES!POLITICAL!
THEORY!
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PURE GOVERNMENTS
1.J!Monarchy!Jsupreme!authority!in!
the!hands!of!one!
!A!monarchy!is!a!form!of!
government!in!which!all!poli(cal!
power!is!absolutely!or!nominally!
lodged!with!an!individual.!!
As!a!poli(cal!en(ty,!the!monarch!is!
the!head!of!state,!!generally!un(l!
their!death.!
The!person!who!heads!a!monarchy!is!
called!a!monarch.!It!was!a!common!
form!of!government!in!the!world!
during!ancient!and!medieval!(mes!

PURE AND CORRUPT


GOVERNMENTS
In!the!book!Poli(cs,!Aristotle!describes!two!
kinds!of!governments:!pure!and!corrupt.!!
PURE!
CORRUPT!!
uses authority in favor of uses authority in favor of
general interest
oneself or specific group
Monarchy!
Tyranny!
Aristocracy!

Oligarchy!

Republic!or!Democracy!!

Demagoguery!

2.!Aristocracy!!government!by!
the!best!individuals!or!by!a!small!
privileged!class=those!believed!
to!be!best!qualied!
!
Aristocracy!is!a!form!
of!government!!in!which!a!few!of!
the!most!prominent!ci@zens!
rule.!The!term!is!derived!from!
the!Greek!!aristokra(a,!meaning!
"rule!of!the!best".!

3.J!Republic!or!Democracy!!!
supreme!power!resides!in!a!body!
of!ci@zens!en@tled!to!vote!and!
exercised!by!elected!ocers!
A!republic!is!a!type!of!government!
where!the!ci@zens!choose!the!
leaders!of!their!country!and!the!
people!(or!at!least!a!part!of!its!
people)!have!an!impact!on!its!
government.!
!The!word!"republic"!is!derived!
from!the!La@n!phrase!res*publica,!
which!can!be!translated!as!"a!
public!aair".!

2.J!Oligarchy!small!group!that!exercise!
control!for!corrupt!and!selsh!purposes!
An!oligarchy!is!a!form!of!government!in!
which!power!eec@vely!rests!with!a!
small!elite!segment!of!society!
dis@nguished!by!royalty,!wealth,!family!
@es,!military!might,!or!
religious!hegemony.!!
The!word!oligarchy!is!from!the!Greek!
words!!(olgos),!"a!few"[and!the!verb!
(archo),!"to!rule,!to!govern,!to!
command".[!
!Such!states!are!oNen!controlled!by!
poli@cally!powerful!families!whose!
children!are!heavily!condi@oned!and!
mentored!to!be!heirs!of!the!power!of!
the!oligarchy.!
!!

Corrupt!Governments!!
1.J!Tyranny!!abuse!of!power!
concentrated!in!the!hands!of!
one!

*classical!poli(cs,!!
tyrant!(Greek!!turannos)!is!one!
who!has!taken!power!by!his!or!her!
own!means!as!opposed!to!
hereditary!or!cons(tu(onal!
power.!In!common!usage,!the!
word!"tyrant"!carries!
connota(ons!of!a!harsh!and!cruel!
ruler!who!places!his!or!her!own!
interests!or!the!interests!of!a!
small!oligarchy!over!the!best!
interests!of!the!general!
popula(on,!which!the!tyrant!
governs!or!controls.!!

Demagoguery!!makes!use!of!popular!
prejudices!and!false!claims!in!order!to!
gain!power.!Gives!false!support!to!poor.!!
It!is!a!strategy!for!gaining!poli@cal!
power!by!appealing!to!the!
prejudices,!emo@ons,!!
fears!and!expecta@ons!of!the!public
typically!via!impassioned!rhetoric!and!
propaganda,!and!oNen!
using!na@onalist,!populist!or!religious!t
hemes.!

!
!
Pure!and!corrupt!
governments!according!to!
Aristotle!!HW!1!

Aristocracy!

Oligarchy!

Monarchy!

Republic!or!
Democracy!!

Tyranny!

Demagoguery!

Directions: Name and briefly describe 3 differences and


3 similarities on 3 Venn Diagrams Use your own words .
Include an image as an example for each. Find a
historical example.