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Fluid Pressure Loss Calculations

Midway Industrial Systems


4759 Old Hwy 8, Mounds View, MN 55112
Phone: 763-780-3000 Toll Free: 1-800-279-1401
www.midwayis.com
*calculate pressure drop in pipe or tube length by use of the following formula

0.0273 * Q * V * L

P=

D4

Where:
P= Pressure drop in pounds per square inch(PSI) over the length of
the tube/pipe
Q= Flow rate in gallons per minute (GPM)
L= Length of pipe in feet
V= Viscosity of fluid in poise (100 centipoise = 1 poise)
D4= Tube factor (4th power of diameter in inches)
Input

(insert values in the green boxes and the tubing


characteristics will be calculated below)

Value
Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=

60

Name
Total Spray Rate
Viscosity
Tube Run
Tube Size
Wall Thickness
Circulation Rate

Unit
Gallons/Min
Poise
Feet
Inches
Inches
Feet/Min

Output

Value
Output=
Output=
Output=
Output=
Output=
Output=

Name
0
Inside Diameter
0.00
Circulation Flow Rate
0.00
Q = Total Flow Rate
0
L = Tube Run Distance
0
V = Viscosity
0 D = Inside Tube Diameter

Pressure Loss =

Unit
Inches
Gallons/Min
Gallons/Min
Feet
Poise

PSI

60 = Standard

ng to
take into
account
all
pressure
loss as
seen by
the
system.
This
table is
broken
down
first by
Nominal
tubing
size, and
then
gives the
equivale
nt length
in feet.

Standard Tube and Pipe Factors


Tube or Pipe Size (inches)
1/4 I.D. Nylon Tube
1/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
3/8 Schedule 40 Pipe
1/2 Schedule 40 Pipe
3/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 1/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 1/2 Schedule 40 Pipe
2 Schedule 40 Pipe

Factor D
0.25
0.65
0.493
0.622
0.824
1.049
1.38
1.61
2.07

Factor D4
0.0039
0.18
0.059
0.15
0.46
1.21
3.6
6.65
18.3

Equivalent Length of standard pipe in feet


Pipe
Size
Inches
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

Gate
Valve
0.41
0.54
0.69
0.9
1.05
1.35

Globe
Valve
18.5
24.5
31.2
41
48
61.5

45
Elbow
0.78
1.03
1.31
1.73
2.15
2.59

90
Elbow
1.67
2.21
2.81
3.7
4.31
5.55

180
Close
Ret.
3.71
4.9
6.25
8.22
9.59
12.3

Tee
Thru
Run
0.93
1.23
1.56
2.06
2.4
3.08

Tee
Thru
Branch
3.33
4.41
5.62
7.4
8.63
11.6

Fluid Pressure Loss Calculations


Phone: 763-780-3000 Toll Free: 1-800-279-1401
Web: www.midwayis.com

*calculate pressure drop in pipe or tube length by use of the following formula

P=

0.0273 * Q * V * L
D4

Where:
P= Pressure drop in pounds per square inch(PSI) over the length
of the tube/pipe
Q= Flow rate in gallons per minute (GPM)
L= Length of pipe in feet
V= Viscosity of fluid in poise (100 centipoise = 1 poise)
D4= Tube factor (4th power of diameter in inches)

*Auto Calculator

Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=
Input=

Q=
L=
V=
D=

(insert valvues for Q,L,V, and D and the pressure drop will be
calculated in the red box labeled P below)

Value
0.375
1.9
276
0.75
0.035
0
0.68
0

Name
Total Spray Rate
Viscosity
Tube Run
Tube Size
Wall Thickness
Circulation Rate
Inside Thicknes
Circulation Flow Rate

0.375
276
1.9
0.68

Pressure Loss =

Unit
Gallons/Min
Poise
Feet
Inches
Inches
Feet/Min
Inches
Gallons

GPM
feet
poise
inches

25.11

* note D not D4

PSI

Standard Tube and Pipe Factors


Tube or Pipe Size (inches)
1/4 I.D. Nylon Tube
1/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
3/8 Schedule 40 Pipe
1/2 Schedule 40 Pipe
3/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 1/4 Schedule 40 Pipe
1 1/2 Schedule 40 Pipe
2 Schedule 40 Pipe

Factor D
0.25
0.65
0.493
0.622
0.824
1.049
1.38
1.61
2.07

Factor D4
0.0039
0.18
0.059
0.15
0.46
1.21
3.6
6.65
18.3

*Below is a list of equivilent lengths (a length in feet of tubing that is equivilent to the pressure loss
caused by a fitting, valve or elbow.) These lengths can be added to the length of the circulating
system you are calculating to take into account all pressure loss as seen by the system. This table
is broken down first by Nominal tubing size, and then gives the equivilent length in feet.
Equivalent Length of standard pipe in feet
Pipe
Size
Inches
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

Gate
Valve
0.41
0.54
0.69
0.9
1.05
1.35

Globe
Valve
18.5
24.5
31.2
41
48
61.5

45
Elbow
0.78
1.03
1.31
1.73
2.15
2.59

90
Elbow
1.67
2.21
2.81
3.7
4.31
5.55

180
Close
Ret.
3.71
4.9
6.25
8.22
9.59
12.3

Tee
Thru
Run
0.93
1.23
1.56
2.06
2.4
3.08

Tee
Thru
Branch
3.33
4.41
5.62
7.4
8.63
11.6