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TEACHING SPEAKING ABILITY IN PROCEDURE TEXT BY USING MOVIE MAKER

INTRODUCTION
English is an international language used by people all over the world as a means of communication. Most
countries took it as a compulsory subject. As Nunan (2003) said, English is a compulsory subject in the most
countries has shifted down in recent years, a shift that is predicated on the importance of English as a global
language. It means, English is a global language which contributes in developing sciences and technology. Most
books of science and technology are written in English. Consequently, people who want to learn science and
technology must understand English well.
Learning English depends on the goal stated by decision makers of a country. As Dong & Li (2011) stated
that the main goal of learning English for students is the future use of English language. It means that English
should be learnt and taught by focusing how the language use as a communication tool. The learners of the
language must realize some stages of development of English speaking ability mastery as stated by
Rieger&McGrail (2006:11-12) such as: preproduction (silent stage), early production stage, speech emergence
stage, and intermediate fluency stage in order to know how to design learning and teaching the English
speaking ability in the class.
However, one of the problems in learning and teaching English is that the English speaking ability is
not optimally taught and learnt in order to make the students be able to speak English fluently. The students
speaking skill is low in terms of fluency and grammatical structure. It is caused, there is not enough chance to
practice and learning media used to improve speaking skill.
Besides, English becomes a second or additional language for foreign students. This implies that there is no
chance for the students to use the language as their communication tool and not suitable between inputs and output of
the students English speaking ability mastery.
It means, the teacher needs media in order to create an optimal learning and teaching to improve the
students speaking skill. We can improve the students understanding and promote it by using various kinds of media
in the classroom. The use of the audio and video is crucial also in giving feedback and reflective teaching.
This means that using the media can optimize the learning and teaching process in the class. The video media is very
helpful in giving reinforcement and improved communication and interaction in education and training. The
video technology was very easy to access and edit in a computer in order to create attractive and interactive
language class. The video visually showed a model how to speak well either in monologue or dialogue. The use
of this media, of course, helps the students language mastery as their means of communication. The movie
media also gives the model how to pronounce, express some utterances, understand the meaning and grammatical
structure.
Based on the explanation above, the researchers conducted mini research to know the effectiveness of using
movie maker video in improving the students English speaking skill at tenth grade of MA Pesantren Al Amin
Mojokerto East Java. The videos had been downloaded from youtube. Then, the videos were edited through movie
maker program. And then, the video was presented to the students more than three times so that they could
understand. The researchers observed that they were interested in learning procedure text by using the video instead
of the teacher just showed them through books or the other written media.
THEORY
This mini research based on two previous studies. First, Gromik (2011) with the title,Window Movie
Maker in the English as a Foreign Language Class, and Masson (2010) with the title, Using Video Messaging Tool
to Develop Students Speaking Ability: A Preliminary Study.
The study of Gromik (2011) aimed to develop the learning procedures by using recording video edited
in Movie Maker program so that the students could develop their speaking ability in English. He published
their recording in the internet and reflected them in order to improve their pronunciation, grammatical
structure, and fluency in English. Then, the second study of Masson (2010) aimed to develop language learning
video assisted a computer. This study was designed by recording the students comments and review to online
journal in the video. Then, the video was sent to the teacher through gmail, and the teacher gave comments and
reinforcement to the video sent back again to the students.
Those studies gave inspiration for the researchers to develop the video learning by using Movie Maker
Program for the English speaking ability. The video was collected by downloading some videos from youtube
related to the procedure text and then edited in Movie Maker Program.

RESULT
Teaching the English speaking ability by using the video made the students able to learn attractively. From
the observation during learning and teaching process by using the video, there were some points that the
researchers looked at the attention to the students, as follows:
1. They seemed that they had rarely used the learning video for the English speaking ability.
2. They seemed that they could understand the material containing procedure text

The following are the questionnaire result taken by the researchers during conducting mini research:
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Questionnaire

Totally agree

The use of movie maker media makes me easier to


understand procedure text
The procedure text learning model using movie maker
media is more interesting than speech method
The procedure text model using movie maker media is
usual
The procedure text learning model increases my
motivation
The text procedure learning model is not boring
I am sure movie maker media can increase my speaking
skill
I become more courage to express my ideas after
following procedure text learning using movie maker
By movie maker, the class situation becomes conducive
I am afraid to express an idea because of making
mistakes after following the movie maker learning
I am more courage to perform in front of the class to
make the text procedure

Agree

Neutral

Disagree

39 %

56,5%

47,8%

0%

Totally
disagree
0%

65,2%

30,5%

4.35%

0%

0%

0%

13.05%

65,2%

65,2%

21,75%

17,4%

17,4%

41,4%

4,35%

0%

43,5%
8,7%

43,5%
39.15%

8,7%
43.5%

4,35%
0%

0%
0%

4.35%

21.75%

69.6%

0%

0%

30.45%
0%

34.8%
4.35%

26.1%
13.05%

0%
73.95%

0%
8.7%

26.1%

30.45%

39.15%

4.35%

0%

Based on the questionnaire result above, it can be stated that the most students agreed that procedure text
using movie maker can help them in improving their speaking ability. It showed that there is positive response from
the students about using movie maker in procedure text learning. However, this media has advantages and
weaknesses.
The following are some advantages on the movie maker learning in procedure text:
1. The video was very helpful to motivate the students to understand and adapt how to make something in
procedure text.
2. The students can learn the video individually or grouply and repeat the material in their own computer.
3. The video was easily and practically used by the students.
Besides, there are some weaknesses on the movie maker learning, as follows:
1. It was difficult for the researchers to select or choose very suitable video withthe material in order that the
videos were suitable with topic taught.
2. The video edited in movie maker application had to be AVI or WMV forms and the other forms had to be
converted by using AVI converter application.
3. The audio of the video sometimes had small sound in order that the audience could not listen to the video clearly.
CONCLUSION
Based on the mini research result of using movie maker program in improving speaking ability at the tenth
grade of MA Pesantren Al Amin, it can be concluded that:
1. Learning and teaching English speaking using movie maker media can make the students more interesting
and active.
2. Learning and teaching English speaking using movie maker media is successful applied in the classroom.
3. The movie maker video has a positive effect of learning and teaching English speaking ability.
LESSON LEARN
Based on the mini research result of using movie maker program in improving speaking ability at the tenth grade of
MA Pesantren Al Amin. We must select or choose very suitable video withthe material in order that the videos
were suitable with topic taught and effective in learning teaching process .
REFERENCES
Dong, Y& Li, R. (2011). The reflection for multimedia teaching. Asian Social Science Journal, 7(2).
Gromik, N. (2011). Windows Movie Maker in the English as a Foreign Language Class.
http://www.innovateonline.info/index.php?view=article&id=2.
Masson, E. (2010). Using Video Messaging as a Tool to Develop Students Speaking Ability: A Preliminary
Study.Unpublished Thesis. Fukuoka: Kyusu Sangyo University.
Nunan, D. (2003). The impact of English as a global language on educational policies and practices in the AsiaPacific region.Tesol Quarterly Journal, 37(4).
Rieger, A &McGrail, E. (2006). Understanding English language learners needs and the language acquisition
process: two teacher educators perpectives. USA: National Institute for Urban School Improvement.