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Fender Stratocaster

The Fender Stratocaster is a model of electric guitar

designed in 1954 by Leo Fender, Bill Carson, George
Fullerton, and Freddie Tavares. The Fender Musical Instruments Corporation has manufactured the Stratocaster
continuously from 1954 to the present. It is a doublecutaway guitar, with an extended top horn shape for
balance. Along with the Gibson Les Paul, it is one of
the most often copied electric guitar shapes.[1][2] Stratocaster and Strat are trademark terms belonging to
The Stratocaster is a versatile guitar, usable for most
styles of music and has been used in many genres, including country, rock, pop, soul, rhythm and blues, blues,
jazz, punk and heavy metal.

Design developments

The Fender Stratocaster was the rst guitar to feature

three pickups and a oating spring tension tremolo system, as well as being the rst Fender with a contoured
body.[3] The Stratocasters sleek, contoured body shape
(ocially referred to by Fender as the Comfort Contour
Body[4][5] ) diered from the at, slab-like design of the Buddy Holly's Stratocaster
Telecaster. The Stratocasters double cutaways allowed
players easier access to higher positions on the neck.[6]
Starting in 1954, the Stratocaster was oered with a
solid, deeply contoured ash body, a 21-fret one-piece
maple neck with black dot inlays, and Kluson tuning
heads. The color was originally a two color sunburst
pattern, although custom color guitars were produced
(most famously Eldon Shamblin's gold Stratocaster, dated
6/1954). In 1956, Fender began using alder for sunburst and most custom color Stratocaster bodies; ash was
still used on translucent blonde instruments.[7] In 1960,
the available custom colors were standardized, many of
which were automobile lacquer colors from DuPont available at an additional 5% cost. A unique single-ply, 8screw hole white pickguard held all electronic components except the recessed jack platefacilitating easy assembly.

dle pickups could be selected, and similarly, the middle

and neck pickups could be selected between the 2nd and
3rd position.[9]
In 1965, George Harrison and John Lennon acquired
Stratocasters and used them for Help!, Rubber Soul and
later recording sessions; the double unison guitar solo on
"Nowhere Man" is played by Harrison and Lennon on
their new Stratocasters.[10][11][12][13]

2 Squier models (1982today)

Luthier Galeazzo Frudua has said the oating tremolos

can have stable tuning through techniques specic to a
oating bridge.[8]

The Stratocaster features three single coil pickups, with Main article: Squier
the output originally selected by a 3-way switch. Guitarists soon discovered that by jamming the switch in be- The Squier Stratocaster is manufactured and sold by
tween the 1st and 2nd position, both the bridge and mid- Squier, a marque of Fender.[14]

In popular culture


[11] Babiuk, Andy (2002). Beatles gear. Hal Leonard. p. 157.

ISBN 978-0-87930-731-8.

A larger-than-life replica of the Fender Stratocaster ap- [12] Bacon 84.

pears outside the Rock 'n' Roller Coaster attraction at
[13] Riley, Tim (2002). Tell me why: a Beatles commentary.
Disneys Hollywood Studios in Walt Disney World.[15]
Basic Books. p. 413. ISBN 978-0-306-81120-3.

Notable Stratocaster players

Main article: List of Stratocaster players

Stratocaster headstock
John Frusciante Squier guitar
Eric Clapton Signature model
Stevie Ray Vaughan Signature model

See also


[1] D'arcy,
ART/ARCHITECTURE; Strummed by One Hand,
Sculptured by Another. The New York Times. Retrieved
May 2, 2010.
[2] Ed Mitchell (Total Guitar) (2011-12-28). IN PRAISE
OF: The Fender Stratocaster | IN PRAISE OF: The
Fender Stratocaster. MusicRadar. Retrieved 2013-1214.
[3] Fricke, David. American Icons: The Stratocaster. Rolling Stone.
[4] 1954 Limited Edition Stratocaster Owners Manual (Catalog Copy)". FMIC. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
[5] Duchossoir, A. R. (1994). Hal Leonard: The Fender Stratocaster. Hal Leonard; Special 40th Anniversary Edition
(1994). pp. 8, 9, 51. ISBN 0-7935-4735-0.
[6] Balmer 20.
[7] Balmer 21.
[8] FruduaTv. YouTube. Retrieved 2013-12-14.
[9] Balmer 23.
[10] Balmer 154.

[14] Balmer, Paul (2007). The Fender Stratocaster Handbook:

How to Buy, Maintain, Set Up, Troubleshoot, and Modify
Your Strat. MBI. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7603-2983-2.
[15] 365
Retrieved August 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-14.

8 Sources
Balmer, Paul (2007). The Fender Stratocaster Handbook: How to Buy, Maintain, Set Up, Troubleshoot,
and Modify Your Strat. MBI. ISBN 978-0-76032983-2.
Bacon, Tony. The Fender Electric Guitar Book: A
Complete History of Fender Instruments. 3rd edition.
Backbeat Books, 2007. ISBN 978-0-87930-897-1.
Wheeler, Tom. The Stratocaster Chronicles: Celebrating 50 Years of the Fender Strat. Hal Leonard,
2004. ISBN 978-0-634-05678-9.
U.S. Patent No. 2,741,146 (Tremolo device for
stringed instruments; Stratocaster Tremolo system)
U.S. Patent No. 2,960,900 (Utility patent for oset
body styled guitars (Fender Jaguar/Jazzmaster))
U.S. Patent No. D186826 (Design Patent for Fender

9 External links
Ocial website


Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses


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