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1. The Supreme Court ruled that taxpayers owe honesty to government just as government
owes fairness to taxpayers in the case of (Gen. Prin)
a. Commissioner vs. Algue
b. BPI Family Savings Bank vs. Court of Appeals
c. Commissioner vs. Tokyo shipping Co.
d. Philippine Guaranty Co. Inc. vs. Commissioner.
2. The principle on progressivity in taxation is premised on the following objective:
(rephrase) (Gen. Prin)
a. to avoid regressively in taxation
b. encourage economic growth
c. increased revenue
d. reduced social inequality.
3. The ruled that while taxes are intended for general benefits, special benefits to taxpayers
are not required is pursuant to (Gen. Prin)
a. general welfare test
b. purpose test
c. benefit-protection theory
d. lifeblood
4. The exercise of the power to tax by the government is so awesome, plenary, supreme,
comprehensive and unlimited as cited in the case of (Gen. Prin)
a. McCullough vs. Maryland
b. Panhandle Oil Co. vs. Mississippi
c. Moor vs. Alton
d. Weaver vs. Scott
5. The jurisprudence that when the transaction itself is the one that is tax-exempt, but
through error the seller pays the tax and shifts the same to the buyer, the seller gets the
refund, but must hold it in trust for the buyers was established in the case of (Gen. Prin)
a. Philippine Acetylene Co. vs. Comm.
b. Commissioner vs. Gotano
c. Maceda vs. Macaraig
d. Collector vs. American Rubber Co.
6. When the classification for taxation is prompted by a spirit of hospitability or
discrimination, the same is violativeof (Gen. Prin)
a. due process of law
b. equal protection of law
c. uniformity of taxation
d. public purpose
7. Condonation of taxes due and payable
complies with the rule on (Gen. Prin)

to the exclusion of taxes already collected


equal protection of law
tax exemption
tax amnesty

8. If a jeopardy assessment is issued by the BIR, the recourse of the taxpayers is (Rem)
a. to appeal to the Court of Tax Appeals.
b. file a motion for reinvestigation.
c. ask for abatement of the assessment.
d. protest the assessment.
9. A party adversely affected by a resolution of a division of a CTA en banc can file Petition
for Review on Certiorari before the Supreme Court pursuant to (Admin)
a. Rule 45 of the Rules of Civil Procedure
b. Rule 42 of RCP
c. Rule 43 of RCP
d. Section 7 of R.A. 9282
10. In the case of Commissioner of Internal Revenue vs. Union Shipping Co., the final
decision which was appealable to the Court of Tax Appeals was (Rem)
a. when the warrant of distraint and levy was served on taxpayer.
b. when a civil action for collection was filed by the BIR against the taxpayers.
c. when there was inaction on the part of the BIR as to the protest filed by the taxpayers.
d. when the BIR denied the protest filed by the taxpayers.
11. The lien of the Government for unpaid internal revenue taxes arises when (Rem)
a. the service of warrant of distraint of personal property was made.
b. the tax became due and payable.
c. the assessment becomes final and unappealable.
d. there is a disputed assessment.
12. The remission of taxes due and payable to the exclusion of taxes already collected
constitute (Gen Prin)
a. class legislation
b. valid classification
c. violative of due process of law
d. uniform classification
13. Whenever exemption are expressly granted by organic or statute law, they are called
(Gen. Prin)
a. statutory exemption
b. express exemption
c. total exemption
d. absolute exemption
14. Deductions for income tax purposes partake the nature of (Gen. Prin)

a. fringe benefits
b. tax privilege
c. tax exemption
d. tax incentives
15. The confidentiality rule of BIR tax returns does not apply to (Admin)
a. when inspection is authorized by the Secretary of Finance
b. when required by Congress in aid of legislation
c. when required by the Ombudsman
d. in the case of tax compromise
16. If a criminal case is filed against a taxpayer for tax evasion, the pendency of the criminal
case (Rem)
a. suspends the running of the prescriptive period for collection of tax.
b. does not suspend the prescriptive period for collection.
c. suspends the prescriptive period for the civil action only.
d. merely interrupts the prescriptive period.
17. An estate tax is computed on the basis on the basis of the aggregate value of the
properties left by the testator at time of death. On what category of tax does estate tax
fall? (Gen. Prin)
a. real property tax
b. property tax
c. transfer tax
d. excise tax
18. During the Marcos regime, the Fiscal Incentives Review Board was established to
recommend the restoration of tax exemption previously abolished under presidential
decrees and headed by the Secretary of Finance, said move is (Gen. Prin)
a. violative of due process of law.
b. violative of non-impairment of contract.
c. complies with due process of law.
d. unauthorized delegation of the power to grant tax exemption.
19. Forfeited property by the Bureau of Internal Revenue under Section 225 of the Tax
Reform Code of 1997 shall not be destroyed until at least (Rem)
a. 15 days.
b. 20 day.
c. 30 days.
d. 6 months after seizure.
20. Internal revenue officers assigned to perform assessment or collection functions shall not
remain in the same assignment for more than (Tax Admin)
a. two years.
b. five years.
c. three years.

d. four years.

1. Stockholders may be held liable for the unpaid taxes of a dissolved corporation if it
appears that the corporate assets have passed into their hands. TRUE
2. The jurisdiction of the tax court include cases involving the collection of the so-called
compromises penalties. TRUE
3. The Term Other Matters within the Tax Courts jurisdiction on cases coming from the
BIR includes question of unfair competition in the use of the simplified bookkeeping
records under the Tax Code. FALSE
4. Mandamus to compel the Commissioner of Internal revenue to assess will result in
judicial encroachment on executive functions. TRUE
5. There is no reasonable basis for exempting foreign-sourced income of non-resident
citizen as compared to resident citizen who have pay the ordinary graduated rates.
6. It is possible that constructive distraint may be applied even if an actual tax delinquency
on the part of the taxpayers already exist. TRUE
7. Payment of the tax due after apprehension shall constitute a valid defense in any
prosecution for violation af ay provision of the Tax Code. FALSE
8. An assessment wherein the tax assessor has no power to act at all is an erroneous
assessment FALSE
9. Estoppel does not apply to deprive the Government of its right to raise defenses even if
those defenses are being raised only for the first time on appeal.TRUE
10. Indirect duplicate taxation is also known as obnoxious taxation. FALSE
11. The running of the prescriptive period is not interrupted by a request for reconsideration
if the request does not advance new grounds not previously alleged. TRUE
12. While the right to appeal a decision of the Commissioner if Internal Revenue to the tax
court is merely a statutory remedy, nevertheless the requirement that it must be brought
within thirty days is jurisdictional. TRUE
13. The equalization of assessments by a central body is not within the realm of legislative
power and may therefore be delegated to administrative body. TRUE

14. In the Tolentino E-VAT case, it was upheld that the imposition of the VAT on sales and
leases of real estate by virtue of contracts entered into to the affectivity of the VAT law
violated the non-impairment of contracts rule in the Constitution. FALSE
15. A BIR Memorandum Circular partakes the nature of regulation within the contemplation
of the Tax Code and therefore needs publication in order to be effective. FALSE

1. An increase in the value of property is considered (Gen. Prin)
a. income
b. assessed value
c. economic benefit
d. unrealized increase in capital
2. For income tax purposes, an alien is considered a resident or non-resident depending on
(Income Tax)
a. documents issued by the Bureau of Immigration.
b. having relatives in the Philippines.
c. being a student in a Philippines university.
d. intention as to the length and nature to stay.
3. A Memorandum of Agreement was entered into between Active Land Realty Inc. (ALRI)
and Active Properties Inc. (API) providing for the construction of an office tower at
Buendia Avenue across Reposo Street, Makati to be jointly owned by them on a 60%40% basis to be leased out between the two corporations on the basis of their
corresponding contribution. The arrangement is (Income Tax)
a. an informal partnership
b. corporate entity
c. tax-exempt joint venture
d. taxable joint venture
4. Under the NIRC, the Minimum Corporate Income Tax (MCIT) is payable on a (Income
a. monthly basis
b. quarterly basis
c. taxable year basis
d. semi-annual basis
5. Dividends remitted to the head office of a resident foreign corporation by a domestic
corporation are considered (Income Tax)
a. branch profits subject to branch profits remittance tax
b. dividends subject to 30% final withholding tax under the Tax Code or a tax treaty
c. dividends subject to regular income tax
d. tax exempt dividend
6. Compensation for damages for personal injuries represents payment for loss of expected
profits is (Income)
a. taxable income
b. tax-exempt income
c. income enjoying preferential tax treatment
d. an exclusion

7. Under Section 25(B.2), dividends received by a non-resident alien not engaged in trade or
business in the Philippines are subject to (Income)
a. regular income tax of 32%
b. final tax of 10%
c. final tax of 25%
d. final tax of 15%
8. The law which provides tax exempt retirement pay to qualified private employees in the
absence of any retirement plan in the establishment is
a. R.A. No. 4917
b. P.D. No. 220
c. R.A. No. 7641
d. R.A. No. 8424

The senior citizens discount being granted to qualified to senior citizens on their
purchase of medicines is treated by the drug store as (income)
a. tax credit.
b. deductible cost
c. input VAT for VAT purposes
d. exclusion

10. Under the Tax Code, securities becoming worthless is treated as (income)
a. ordinary asset transaction
b. capital asset transaction
c. wash sale transaction
d. equity loss
11. Amounts paid for an agreement not to compete in trade or business where the taxpayer
can prove the existence of such an agreement are considered (Income)
a. ordinary and necessary business expenses
b. cost of goods sold
c. disturbance compensation
d. capital expenditure
12. The premium of payment for health and/or hospitalization insurance which is the only
deduction allowed for compensation earners applies only to families which has a gross
annual income of not more than (Income)
a. P250,000
b. P200,000
c. P300,000
d. P350,000
13. Real and other properties owned or acquired (ROPOA) by a bank which were acquired
through foreclosure of properties of delinquent client-borrowers are considered (Income)
a. capital assets
b. ordinary assets

c. banks property and equipment

d. banks fixed assets for operation
14. Distribution of liquidating dividends in liquidation of corporations is (income)
a. an ordinary asset transaction
b. a capital asset transaction
c. sale of business assets
d. exchange of business assets
15. A method developed by the BIR to examine a taxpayers income is such method wherein
the equivalent of a ration analysis of percentages considered typical of the business under
investigation is being used to indicate potential sources of revenue where revenue records
do not exist. This method is called (Tax Admin)
a. benchmark method
b. ratio analysis method
c. industry code method
d. percentage method
16. The property, rights, and obligation of a person which are not extinguished by his death
and also those which have accrued thereto since the opening of the succession is called
(Estate Tax)
a. estate
b. assets and liabilities
c. net worth
d. liabilities and equities
17. The amount of interest on foreign loans contracted on or after August 1, 1986 is subject
to (Income)
a. regular income tax
b. 15% final withholding tax
c. 20% final withholding tax
d. 10% final withholding tax
18. The amount of royalties on books as well as other literary works and royalties on musical
compositions shall be subject to (Income)
a. regular income tax
b. tax exempt
c. final tax of 20%
d. final tax of 10%
19. If a holder of a long-term deposit or investment certificate preterminates the same and
gets the proceeds thereon whereby the remaining maturity thereof is 3 years to less than 4
years, a final be imposed on the entire income at the rate of (Income)
a. 5%
b. 20%
c. 12%

d. 10%
20. In case of charitable contribution of property other than money, the basis of the deduction
for income tax purposes is (Income)
a. fair market value
b. assessed value
c. acquisition cost
d. book value
21. Capital gains from the sale of shares of stock not traded in the stock exchange for gains
not over P100,000 shall be taxed at (Income)
a. 10%
b. 5%
c. 20%
d. 7.5%
22. The Branch Profits Remittance Tax of 15% remitted by a branch to its head office is
based on the total profits (Income)
a. booked in the branch
b. profit remaining in the branch
c. profit actually remitted by the branch
d. profits applied or earmarked for remittance for repatriation
23. The need to gross up the monetary value of the fringe benefit received in computing the
fringe benefit tax due thereon is because (rephrase) (Income)
a. the tax is an additional benefit to the employee
b. to comply with the Withholding on Wages Regulations
c. to consolidate the benefit with the salary
d. of the absence of the convenience of the employer rule
24. XPL Corporation owns 100% of YTJL Corporation. YTJL Corporation in turn owns Zeta
Corporation. Zeta Corporation has NOLCO. Zeta Corporation is merged into YTJL
Corporation. The NOLCO of Zeta Corporation should be (Income)
a. retained and transferred YTJL Corporation.
b. considered forfeited due to the merger .
c. utilized by Zeta Corporation.
d. allowed to transfer if there is a BIR ruling on the merger
25. When a corporation is subject to the Minimum Corporate Income Tax (MCIT) in any
taxabe year during the three-year period for NOLCO utilization, the running of the threeyear period for the NOLCO expiry is (Income)
a. interrupted
b. suspended
c. not interrupted
d. extended

26. A Filipino citizen who works in Brunei from Monday to Friday and spends his weekends
and a 6-week vacation leave in the Philippines is considered a (Income)
a. resident Filipino citizen
b. Filipino Overseas Contract Worker
c. non-resident Filipino citizen
d. Filipino tourist
27. A system where the tax treatment views indifferently the tax base and generally treats in
common all categories of taxable income of the taxpayer is called (Gen Prin)
a. unitary tax treatment
b. global treatment
c. absolute income taxation system
d. modified income tax system
28. Cash prizes won by local players/participants in golf tournaments are considered
a. business income
b. regular income
c. passive income
d. compensation income
29. Income derived by the taxpayer from the distribution of the licensed computer systems to
Philippine banks and the performance of support service is considered (Income)
a. passive income
b. ordinary business income
c. royalty income
d. Vatable income
30. A non-resident owner of vessel or lessor on their gross rentals, lease or charter fees from
leases or charterers to Filipino citizens as approved by the Maritime Industry Authority is
subject to a tax of (income)
a. 7 %
b. 4 %
c. 2 %
d. 31/2%
1. A reverse repurchase agreement between the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas and any
authorized agent bank is a deposit substitute. TRUE
2. The allocation of the condominium units and the issuance of the corresponding
Condominium Certificate of Title by the register of Deeds to the co-venturers covering
their participating interests are taxable events. FALSE
3. A deed of reconveyance with assumption of mortgage is subject to capital gains tax.
4. An expropriation sale is not subject to capital gains tax. FALSE

5. The capital gains tax paid in a foreclosure sale cannot be deducted from the capital gains
tax on the sale of the property where the mortgagor failed to exercise his right of
redemption. TRUE
6. In case of expropriation by the Government, the actual consideration may be used as
basis in determining the capital gains tax. TRUE
7. A partners share in the net profits of a general professional partnership is considered
compensation income. FALSE
8. The provision on branch profit remittance tax had been interpreted by the BIR to mean
that the tax base upon which the tax shall be imposed is the profit actually remitted
abroad. FALSE
9. Under section 29, if the CIR determines that a corporation was formed for the purpose of
avoiding the progressive rates of tax on individuals, the burden of proving the
determination wrong is on the Commissioner. FALSE
10. For purposes of FBT, in case the employee is a resident alien, the gross monetary value is
determined by dividing its actual monetary value by percentage factor of 67% effective
year 2000. FALSE
11. Capital expenditures are not considered ordinary and necessary expenses. TRUE
12. The electric energy consumption tax is a non-deductible expense. FALSE
13. Shrinkage in value of securities is a deductible expense from gross income. FALSE
14. Capital losses are allowed to be deducted from other income of the taxpayer. FALSE
15. Under section 40 of the tax code, in case of property acquired for less than an adequate
consideration , the basis is the amount paid by the transferee for the property. TRUE
16. For purposes of the imposition of the 6% capital gains tax under section 24(d) of the tax
code, the properties exchanged need not be essentially different from each other. TRUE
17. Under the substituted filing rule, substituted filing is the same as non-filing. FALSE
18. Interest payments for loans and other borrowings are subject to expanded withholding
tax. FALSE
19. The duty to withhold tax is similar to the duty to pay income tax. FALSE
20. Property dividends are subject to capital gains tax. FALSE

1. The official action of an examiner of the Bureau of Internal Revenue in determining the
correctness of the tax due from a taxpayer is referred to as: (Tax Admin)
a. Tax Examination
b. Tax Audit
c. Tax Assessment
d. Tax Mapping
2. When a taxpayer takes the initiative of preparing and filing his tax return with the Bureau
of Internal Revenue, the same is referred to as: (Tax Admin)
a. Tax compliance
b. Tax initiative
c. Internal assessment
d. Self assessment
3. If after a tax investigation, the BIR examiner found out that the tax paid by the taxpayer
upon filing his tax return is short of what should have been paid under the law, the tax
payer is liable for: (Tax Admin)
a. Tax avoidance
b. Tax evasion
c. Deficiency assessment
d. Delinquency assessment
4. When the BIR examiner issued an assessment which was not backed up by the full audit
and only for the purpose of beating the prescriptive period, the assessment is called: (Tax
a. Void assessment
b. Illegal assessment
c. Erroneous assessment
d. Jeopardy assessment
5. When a tax assessment issued by the Bureau of Internal Revenue is administratively
protested within thirty (30) days from the receipt of the assessment, the assessment is
called: (Tax Admin)
a. Administrative assessment
b. Preliminary assessment
c. Disputed assessment
d. Final assessment
6. The rule of No Estoppel Against the Government means that: (Tax Admin)
a. the government is always presumed correct in performing its tax assessment
b. the taxpayer failed to rebut the tax findings of the government uncovered during tax
c. the government is not liable for the neglect of its agents and officers

d. the government cannot be hampered in doing its tax collection duties.

7. The power of the commissioner of Internal Revenue to obtain information from third
parties in determining the tax liability of a taxpayer covers information coming from:
(Tax Admin)
a. Other government offices
b. Informers
c. Tax returns filed by the taxpayer
d. All persons both government and private
8. A material factor in resolving questions of prescription in the assessment of taxes is: (Tax
a. Complete submission of all the attachments to the tax returns;
b. Filing of the tax return in the right venue
c. Having the tax return stamped received by the BIR authorized receiving officer
d. The date of the filing of the tax return.
9. An income tax return for taxable year 2009 was filed on January 15, 2010.
prescriptive period for assessment is: (Tax Admin)
a. January 15, 2013
b. December 31, 2012
c. April 25, 2013
d. April 15, 2015


10. Forfeiture of property of a delinquent taxpayer is done by the Bureau of Internal Revenue
when: (Tax Admin)
a. Taxpayer did not file a protest against the tax assessment
b. Taxpayer does not attend an informal conference arranged by the BIR
c. Taxpayer retires from business or about to leave the Philippines
d. In a public auction of the property of a delinquent taxpayer, no bidders bid for the
11. A tax evasion case discovered by the BIR examiner should be filed by the latter with:
(Tax Admin)
a. Fiscals Office
b. Court of Tax Appeals
c. Department of Justice
d. Office of the BIR Commissioner
12. If a tax or any portion thereof is unjustly assessed, the recourse of the taxpayer is: (Rem)
a. To initiate an offer of compromise of the tax with the Commissioner of Internal
b. The file a case against the BIR examiner in the Ombudsman
c. To file a damage suit in the ordinary courts
d. To request the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to abate the tax liability

13. A compromise for the payment of an Internal Revenue tax is: (Tax Admin)
a. A unilateral act of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue
b. An exclusive right of the taxpayer
c. A mutual agreement between the Commissioner and the taxpayer
d. A right mandated by the Tax Code
14. The minimum rate for the compromise settlement of a tax liability where the taxpayer is
financially incapable is: (Tax Admin)
a. 10%
b. 40%
c. 25%
d. 5%
15. The prescriptive period for the collection of a previously assessed Internal Revenue tax
is: (Tax Admin)
a. Five (5) years fallowing the assessment of the tax
b. Three (3) years following the filing of the tax return
c. Five (5) years following the filing of the tax return
d. Ten (10) years following the assessment of the tax
16. A request for reinvestigation by the taxpayer which is granted by the Commissioner has
the following effect: (Tax Admin)
a. Suspends the prescriptive period for assessment
b. Puts an end to an assessment
c. Prescriptive period for the assessment is not affected and continues to run
d. Renders the assessment final executor
17. The prescriptive period for the filing of a claim for refund or tax credit of erroneously
paid internal revenue tax is: (Tax Admin)
a. Two (2) years from date of payment, regardless of any supervening event
b. Six (6) years from date of payment
c. Two (2) years from date of payment but if there is a supervising event, two years
from the date of the supervising event.
d. Three (3) years from the date of payment
18. The broad spectrum of taxation includes the rule that the collection of taxes could not be
stopped by the courts pursuant to the following rule: (Tax Admin)
a. Lifeblood Theory in Taxation
b. Tax exemption policy
c. No-Injunction rule
d. Theory of Necessity
19. One of the canons of taxation is fiscal adequacy. A violation of this canon would fall
under the following: (Gen Prin)
a. The constitutional provision that all revenue bills should originate from the House of
Senate may concur with amendments

b. Dereliction of duties on the part of the Bureau of Internal Revenue

c. No breach of any constitutional provision
d. The Lateral Attrition Law
20. Whenever a violation of the Tax Reform Code of 1997 is committed by a taxpayer, an
internal revenue officer can make an arrest. The legal basis for this is the: (Tax Admin)
a. Revised Penal Code
b. Tax Code
c. Rules of Court
d. Ombudsman Act
21. A property may be placed under constructive distraint by the Bureau of Internal Revenue
when: (Tax Admin)
a. The taxpayer becomes delinquent in the payment of internal revenue tax
b. The taxpayer fails to file a protest against tax assessment
c. The taxpayer may not yet be delinquent
d. The taxpayer fails to appeal to the Court of Tax Appeals
22. A taxpayer overpaid his income tax when he filed his income tax return on April 15,
2007. Realizing the overpayment, he filed a claim for refund with the BIR on June 15,
2007. He received the reply of the BIR denying his claim on May 3, 2009. What should
he do with the adverse decision of the BIR? (Remedies)
a. File a Motion for Reconsideration with the BIR
b. Elevate the case to the Court of Tax Appeals within 30 days from May 3, 2009 given
the 30 days deadline to appeal adverse decision pursuant to RA 9282
c. He has lost his right to appeal
d. File an auction with the ordinary courts for undue payment (solutio indebiti)
23. Before a case for tax evasion against a client under the Tax Code is filed, the same must
be approved by the: (Tax Admin)
a. Solicitor Generals Office
b. Secretary of Finance
c. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
d. Department of Justice
24. In case of doubt in a tax exemption law, which of the following rules shall govern? (Gen
a. The doubt must be resolved in favor of the taxpayer since a tax is a deprivation of
hard-earned money of the taxpayer.
b. No person shall be deprived of due process of law which is guaranteed by the
c. The doubt must be resolved in favor of the government.
d. The legislative intention must be determined first.
25. A taxpayer filed his income tax return on April 15, 2008. He received a Notice of
Assessment on January 15, 2009 and shortly thereafter the BIR examiner started his

investigation of the return. Upon Receipt of the preliminary report of the result of the tax
examination, taxpayer requested for investigation which was granted by the BIR on June
15, 2009 and reinvestigation was finished on December 15, 2009. The final assessment
was only issued to the taxpayer on June 15, 2011 for which the taxpayer argued that
assessment has prescribed since under the 3 years-prescriptive rule under Section 203 of
the Tax Code, the final assessment should have been issue on or before April 15, 2011.
The issue is: (Tax Admin)
a. The assessment has already prescribed under section 203 of the Tax Code
b. The assessment has prescribed because the BIR did not take the initiative of
requesting the taxpayer to file the Waiver of the Prescriptive Period
c. The assessment has not yet prescribed because it falls within the grounds under
section 223 of the Tax Code
d. The assessment has prescribed because the BIR did not offer to compromise the
assessment with the taxpayer.

1. The authority of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to prescribed real property values
is intended for the following purpose: (tax Admin)
a. Assure collection of the correct real property taxes due from property owners
b. To have uniform and standard valuation of real properties and assure transparency in
business transactions
c. Prevent undervaluation of real property values for tax purposes
d. Avoid arbitrariness in the valuation of real properties.
2. The termination of a taxable period of a taxpayer is intended for the following purpose:
(tax Admin)
a. To address the internal accounting needs of the BIR
b. The taxpayer is retiring from business or intending to leave the Philippines
c. The taxpayer has requested the BIR for such move
d. The business of the taxpayer necessitates such move
3. The powers vested on the Commissioner may be delegated to the following: (tax Admin)
a. Division chief or higher
b. Task Force of the Commissioner
c. Commissioners confidential advisers
d. External consultants
4. Whenever the Commissioner joins inventorytaking and surveillance job of taxpayers
under Section 6 ( c ) of the Tax Code, he would need authority from: (tax Admin)
a. Ordinary courts
b. Court of Tax Appeals
c. Secretary of Finance
d. No need to get any authority
5. When a warrant of Garnishment is issued by the Commissioner of internal Revenue to
garnish a taxpayers money in the custody of a bank, the same is a violative of: (tax
a. Republic Act 1405 ( Secrecy of Bank Deposits)
b. General Banking Laws of 2000
c. Confidentiality of Banking Transactions
d. Not violative of the laws cited above
6. Laws and regulations issued by the government concerning collection of taxes are
required to be published in newspapers of general circulation. Failure to do so violates:
(Gen Prin)
a. Inherent limitations on taxations
b. Canons of taxations
c. Private rights of taxpayer
d. Theoretical justice

7. It has been said that in taxation, there is symbiotic relationship between the taxpayer and
the government. The doctrine falls under: (Gen Prin)
a. Basis of Taxation
b. Aspects of Taxation
c. The Court of Tax Appeals
d. The Evaluation Board
8. In case of a compromise of a civil liability for taxes where the basic tax exceeds One
Million Pesos or where the settlement offered is less than the minimum rate of 40% the
compromise shall be approved by the : (tax Admin)
a. Secretary of Finance
b. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
c. Court of Tax Appeals
d. Evaluation Board
9. A refund check or warrant issued by the BIR in accordance with Section 204 of the Tax
Code are claimable within the period of: (tax Admin)
a. Two years
b. Ten years
c. Five years
d. Three years
10. When the power of the Commissioner to compromise a tax case is delegated under
Section 7 of the Tax Code on cases involving basic deficiency tax of P500,000 or less, the
same may be delegated to the: (tax Admin)
a. Regional Director
b. Assistant Regional Director
c. Revenue District Officer
d. Regional Evaluation board
11. The Secrecy of Bank Deposits under Republic Act No. 1405 is automatically waived by
operation of law examination of the following taxes: (tax Admin)
a. Income Tax
b. Value Added Tax
c. Estate Tax
d. Donors Tax
12. The Net Worth Method of investigation being utilized by the BIR in assessing taxpayers
is based on the following: (Tax Admin)
a. When a person is benefit economically in life, his net worth will increase
b. When the capital account of a person increases, there is presumed income
c. All persons who have assets are presumed to have income
d. All persons who have source of income should have taxable income
13. One of the canons of taxation is theoretical justice. A violation of this canon is based on:
(Gen Prin)


The rule of uniformity and equal protection of law in taxation.

Theory of necessity
Basis of taxation which is reciprocity
Guarantee of due process of law

14. Acquittal in a criminal case for tax evasion does not carry with it the exoneration from
civil obligation to pay tax is in the Tax Code (tax Admin)
a. A criminal case is governed by the Revised Penal code while the civil obligation to
pay tax in the Tax Code
b. A different quantum of evidence is required in a criminal case vis--vis a civil
obligation to pay tax
c. A criminal violation is sanctioned by fines and imprisonment whereas the civil
obligation is exposed only to the incremental penalties for deficiency and delinquency
d. There are two separate and distinct offenses involved.
15. Which of the following situations do not require a pre-assessment under the Tax Code?
(tax Admin)
a. When the taxpayer being examined request for the reinvestigation of his records
b. When the taxpayer executes a waiver of the prescriptive period
c. When the excise tax due on excisable articles has not been paid
d. When the taxpayer retires from business or leave the Philippines.
16. When the issue in controversy between the taxpayers and the Commissioner does not
involve a difficult question of law or doubtful validity, the options opened to the
Commissioner are as follows: (tax Admin)
a. Accept the compromise offer from the taxpayer who invokes Commissioners right
under Section 204 of the Tax Code
b. Commissioner should pursue collection of the tax
c. Suggest that the taxpayer appeal the case to the Court of Tax Appeals
d. Suggest that taxpayer hire a tax lawyer to assist him
17. An estate tax return was filed by the administrator of an estate on June 1, 2006. The estate
tax return was examined by the BIR and after undertaking all the procedural steps for tax
examination, a final assessment was issued on August 5, 2010. It was discovered later by
the BIR that the estate tax return which filed was incomplete since a big real property of
the testator was not reported in the estate tax return. The taxpayer argued that since the
final assessment was only issued on August 5, 2010, the assessment is already prescribed
being issued beyond the 3 years period for tax examination. Choose from the following
the applicable jurisprudence in the case: (tax Admin)
a. The assessment had already prescribed because the assessment was only received on
August 5, 2010 which beyond the prescriptive period of 3 years;
b. The assessment had already prescribed in as much as there was nothing done by the
tax payer to suspend the prescriptive period like the filing of a Motion for
c. The assessment had not yet prescribed because the return being incomplete the 3
years prescriptive period does not apply

d. The assessment had already prescribed because the BIR did not request the taxpayer
to execute a Waiver of Prescriptive period
18. A taxpayer filed his income tax return on April 15, 2006. Sometime March 1. 2007, he
discovered that he omitted a big income which should have been reported in the return
filed on April 15, 2006. Hence, on March 2, 2007, he filed an amendment to his income
tax return. The perspective period for assessment of the tax return shall expire on: (tax
a. April 15, 2009
b. March 2, 2010
c. March 1, 2010
d. April 15, 2016
19. The presumption of correctness being enjoyed by the government in case of tax
assessment cases means: (tax Admin)
a. The government is not stopped from the mistakes of its agents
b. This is in conformity with the supremacy of the government in the collection of taxes
c. The taxpayer has the burden of proof in arguing his case and prove that he is correct
d. This is in line with the lifeblood theory in taxation
20. The 25% / 50% surcharge being imposed on a deficiency or delinquency assessment
initiated by the BIR is based on the following rationale: (tax Admin)
a. It is a way of compensating the government for lost revenue.
b. It partakes the nature of liquidated damages which the government suffered
c. It is a form of exemplary damages to deter taxpayer from violating the Tax Code
d. It is another form of raising revenue for the government
21. In tax evasion cases, it is a rule that a precise determination of civil liability for tax is not
a condition precedent for the filing of a criminal case. The rationale for this is: (tax
a. The civil and criminal liabilities are separate and distinct liabilities
b. The civil liability is given preference over the criminal liability due to the lifeblood
c. The quantum of evidence required in the criminal case is not the same as the one for
the civil case
d. It takes time to determine the civil liability for tax of a taxpayer.
22. The Statute of Limitations in taxation (prescriptive rules) are being observed because of
the following rationale: (tax Admin)
a. To align it with others laws where there are also rues on prescription
b. The tax laws of the United States from which the Philippine Tax Code was patterned
have rules governing prescription
c. To make the government vigilant in complying with their duties of tax examination
and to give peace of mind to taxpayers
d. Many of the tax laws of other countries in world have rules on prescription

23. The Warrant of distraint and levy being issued by the BIR to enforce collection of taxes
can only be initiated b y the BIR under the following conditions
a. To align it with other laws where there also rules on prescription
b. The tax laws of the united states from which the Philippine tax code was patterned
have rules governing prescription
c. To make the government vigilant in complying with their duties of tax examination
and to give peace of mind to taxpayers
d. Many of the tax laws of other countries in the world have rules on prescription.
24. Upon examination of an income tax return by a BIR examiner, the taxpayer requested for
information on the items which had been disallowed by the BIR examiner which was
granted by the latter. The effect of giving due course to taxpayers request is: (tax
a. to suspend the running of the prescriptive period
b. the prescriptive period shall continue to run
c. the assessment will be suspended
d. there is no effect on the prescriptive period
25. One of the basic principles of a sound tax system is administrative convenience. If this is
not complied with, the following rule is violated: (gen Prin)
a. Doctrine of Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies
b. Due process of law
c. No violation committed
d. Equal protection law