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EXERCISE16

TheAutonomicNervousSystem
TimeAllotment:1hours.
MultimediaResources:SeeAppendixBforGuidetoMultimediaResourceDistributors.
SeeExercise5forhistologylistings.
BrainandNervousSystem:YourInformationSuperhighway(FHS:31minutes,
DVD,3yearstreamingwebcast)
PracticeAnatomyLab3.0(PAL)(PE:DVD,Website)

LaboratoryMaterials
AlistofsupplyhouseaddressesappearsinAppendixA.
Laboratorychartsor3Dmodelsof
thespinalcord,spinalnerves,and
sympathetictrunk(chain)

AdvancePreparation
1. Setoutchartsandmodelsofthespinalcordandsympathetictrunk.

AnswerstoPreLabQuiz(p.299)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

a,autonomic
craniosacral
False
sympathetic
True

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125

AnswerstoActivityQuestions
Activity2:ComparingSympatheticandParasympatheticEffects(p.302)
Organ

Parasympatheticeffect

Heart

Decreasesrate

Increasesrateandforce

Bronchiolesoflungs

Constricts

Dilates

Digestivetract

Increasesmotility;secretion

Decreasesactivity;closessphincters

Urinarybladder

Contractswall;relaxessphincter

Relaxeswall;constrictssphincter

Irisoftheeye

Constrictspupil

Dilatespupil

Bloodvessels(most)

Littleornoeffect

Constrictsmostvessels

Penis/clitoris

Causeserection

Causesejaculation

Sweatglands

Noeffect

Stimulatessecretion

Adrenalmedulla

Noeffect

Stimulatesmedullatosecrete
epinephrineandnorepinephrine

Pancreas

Stimulatesinsulinsecretion

Decreasesinsulinsecretion

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Sympatheticeffect

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REVIEWSHEET
EXERCISE16
TheAutonomicNervousSystem
Name________________________
LabTime/Date_________________
TheAutonomicNervousSystem
1. Forthemostpart,sympatheticandparasympatheticfibersservethesameorgansandstructures.How
cantheyexertantagonisticeffects?(Afterall,nerveimpulsesarenerveimpulsesarentthey?)
Theyreleasedifferentneurotransmitters,whichbindtodifferentreceptors.
2. Namethreestructuresthatreceivesympatheticbutnotparasympatheticinnervation.
Adrenalglands,arrectorpilimuscles,andsweatglands.(Mostbloodvesselsreceiveonly
sympathicinnervations.)
3. Apelvicsplanchnicnervecontains(circleone):
a. preganglionicsympatheticfibers
b. postganglionicsympatheticfibers
c. preganglionicparasympatheticfibers
d. postganglionicparasympatheticfibers
4. Thefollowingchartstatesanumberofconditions.Useacheckmarktoshowwhichdivisionofthe
autonomicnervoussystemisinvolvedineach.
Sympathetic
division
(postganglionic

Condition

Parasympatheticdivision

Secretesnorepinephrine;adrenergic
fibers

Secretesacetylcholine;cholinergic
fibers

(preganglionicandpostganglionic
fibers)

fibers)
(preganglionic
fibers)

Longpreganglionicaxon;short
postganglionicaxon

Shortpreganglionicaxon;long
postganglionicaxon

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127

Arisesfromcranialandsacralnerves
ArisesfromspinalnervesT1throughL3
Normallyincontrol

128

Fightorflightsystem
Hasmorespecificcontrol
(Lookitup!)

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