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WHAT IS PWHT?

REFERS TO THE PROCESS OF PEHEATING A WELD TO BELOW THE LOWER TRASNSFORMATION TEMPERATURE AT A
CONTROLLED RATE, HOLDING FOR A SPECIFIC TIME AND COOLING AT A CONTROLLED RATE.

WHY THE NEED FOR PWHT?


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RESIDUAL STRESS
EFFECTS OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
EFFECT ON CREEP PROPERTIES
OTHERS BENEFITS

WHY THE NEED FOR PWHT?


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Residual Stress
1. The development of residual stresses approaching or even exceeding the yield stress is possible when welding
thick section.
2. Petrochemical, chemical Oil and Gas etc. the existence of residual stress of this magnitude is completely
unacceptable
3. The tress developed due to thermal expansion of the pipe work can take on a far greater significance then
residual stress due to welding

WHY THE NEED FOR PWHT?


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Effect on Mechanical Properties


1. As a series of very general statements, the following are the consequences of post weld heat treatment compared
with the as-welded condition
2. Yield Strength is decreased slightly, the effect falling off fairly rapidly with time.
3. The tensile strength is decreased
4. The ductility is increased
5. Hardness levels are reduced
6. Toughness is slightly reduced at short time but effect can significant over longer times

WHY THE NEED FOR PWHT?


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Effect on Creep Properties


1. For creep resisting material, post weld heat treatment is required in order to fully develop the creep strength. This
is specially true for thicker components such as headers.

WHY THE NEED FOR PWHT?


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Other benefits
1. Improving the diffusion of hydrogen out of weld metal
2. Softening the heat affected zone and thus improving toughness (although not weld metal toughness)
3. Improving dimensional stability during machining.
4. Improving ductility.
5. Improving the resistance to stress corrosion cracking.
6. Reducing the effects of cold work

1) Updating the project status and reporting to the Immediate Superior.


2) Co-ordinate with Client to fulfill the project needs.

3) Clarify any doubts raised by the fabrication team and contractors.


4) Stage wise site checking, documents preparation , mechanical
calculations and preparation of spread sheets.
5) Completion of work as per the schedule given by the company and
clients.
6) Handling of materials storage and wrong parts information to the
engineers.
7) Major repairing works like replacements rope, main sheave
replacements and traveling cables and related with the gear works.
8) Site survey as per approved drawing
9) Initial mobilizing to site.
10) Safety & Quality requirements
11) Safety toolbox briefing
12) HSE site inspection (weekly)
13) Man power to be monitor as per the allotted hours.
14) Co-ordination of materials arrangement as per the stage wise
15) Inspection of the materials.
16) Requirement of material arrangement for execution .
17) Monitor the work daily , weekly and monthly as per schedule
18) Analysis the technicians skills & report submit in the office
19) Preparation of the test report
20) Maintaining quality as per the standard.