Anda di halaman 1dari 66

INDEX

1. Purpose
2. References
3. Barge Characteristics & Loading Condition
4. Modules Characteristics & Lay out on the Barge Deck
5. Environmental Conditions during Transit
6. Motions Analysis Results
7. Loads on Grillage and Seafastening
8. Grillage & Seafastening Structural Check.
9. Barge Local Structural Analysis.
10. Barge Longitudinal Strength Check.
11. Barge Stability Check.

Annexes:
Annex A Figures of FEM Analysis
Annex B Barge Longitudinal Strength Check Results
Annex C Letter from ABS Indicating the SWBM and Shear

1/66

1. PURPOSE.
The Modules M05 and M06 for the P-56 will be transported from Nuova Pignone yard located in
Caju, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, to Angra dos Reis, RJ, on the barge BS-1.
The present document presents the structural check of the barge and the calculations pertaining
the grillage and seafastening of the modules, and stability calculations for the tow.

2. REFERENCES.
[1] Noble Denton 0030/ND Rev 3 Guidelines for Marine Transportations.
[2] Drawing 01.214- Seo Mestra Balsa de Servio no.1, 23/03/73, Verolme Estaleiros
Reunidos do Brasil, Petrobras.
[3] I-RL-3010.71-1231-960-NOQ-001 Rev 0 M06 Module Weight Control Report.
[4] I-RL-3010.71-1231-960-NOQ-002 Rev 0 M05 Module Weight Control Report.
[5] ABS Rules for Testing and Certification of Materials.
[6] ABS Rules for Building and Classing Mobile Offshore Drillings Units, 2006, Part 3 Hull
Construction and Equipment; items 3.11 and 3-2-1 (ii).
[7] 1156_BS-1 Generalidades e Especificaes.
[8] I-DE-3010.66-5130-960-MUZ-008 P-53 Compression Modules, Grillage and Seafastening,
Reformed Grillage (2/4) and New Grillage (3/4).
[9] Letter (H)-799/93(S-1) of 04/10/93, from ABS to Petrobras indicating the SWBM and Shear
(reproduced in the Annex C).
[10] CSM010-TPN Rev A - Technical Report Seakeeping Numerical Evaluation (P-56
Platform M05 and M06 Modules Transportation), So Paulo 2009.
[11] Document Review Comment Sheet job no. 097210-011-P, Noble Denton, 25/09/2009.
[12] Marine Operations DNV, Part 1, Chapter 3, Design Loads, Jan 1996.
[13] DNV Classification Notes 30.1 May 1992 Buckling Strength Analysis.
[14] DNV Rules for Classification of Ships.

2/66

3. BARGE CHARACTERISTICS & LOADING CONDITION.

The barge BS-1 of Petrobras will be used. Principal particulars as follow:


Length:

75.0 m

Breadth:

23.0 m

Depth:

5.0 m

Maximum draft:

4.02 m

Deadweight:

5347 tons

Lightweight:

1105 tons

LCG: 37.50 m from bow;

for displacement of 6452 tons

TCG: 0.00 m

VCG: 2.80 m

Classified by ABS American Bureau of Shipping


Load on deck 3.5 t/m2.

Sea transportation draft: 2.70 m (trim astern)


Ballast used: all tanks empty (only residual water) except peak tank AFS with 115.6 m3.

3/66

4. MODULES CHARACTERISTICS & LAY OUT ON THE BARGE DECK

The final positions of the modules on the barge are as follows (shown in figure below):
Item
Module M05 (ref[4])
Module M06 (ref[3])
The datum references:

Weight
(tons)
1318
1385

LCG
(m)
18.48
-18.13

TCG
(m)
0.045
0.675

VCG
(m)
7.815
7.605

LCG from midship, positive forward; TCG from centerline, positive to

port side; VCG from deck

4/66

5. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS DURING TRANSIT


Distance from Guanabara Bay to Angra dos Reis Bay:

72 NM

Considering conservatively the convoy speed of 4 knots, the voyage duration will be 18 hours.
Using a contingency time of 25% (item 6.6.1.d of ref.[1]), the time anticipated for the voyage or
operational reference period will be 22,5 hours.
The reference period TR of the marine operation will be less than 72 hours and so the operation
could be defined as Weather Restricted, according to section 6.3 of ref.[1]. Therefore the design
environmental conditions could be set independent of extreme statistical data.
Wave Conditions:

Noble Denton requires a significant wave height of HS = 3,653 m as design criteria. This value
was found using the cumulative probability function of Weibull with 10% of probability to be
exceeded, with Ho and j for Brazilian East coast (zone 74) of ref.[12].
The corresponding HMAX required by Noble Denton is 1,86 x 3,653 = 6,795 m
According to ref.[1] the peak period to be examined in motion analysis will be:
7,21s < TP < 10,95s.
The Jonswap spectrum is recommended taking into consideration the navigation will be in
shallow waters, so, the zero up-crossing period corresponding to that peak period is (item 7.3.3
of ref.[1]):

5,82s < TZ < 7,82s.

Wind Conditions:

A wind velocity of 35 knots (18 m/s) will be adopted for structural design criteria. For stability
criteria Noble Denton requires 50 m/s.

5/66

6. MOTIONS ANALYSIS RESULTS


The motion analysis of the barge was carried out with the software WAMIT using the
environmental data of item 5. According to ref.[10], de results for wave height of 1,86 Hs are
(maximum values):

M05
Results

Unit

Value

Description

Ax
Ay

m/s2
m/s2

0.605
1.968

Max. pitch & surge accelerations at modules CoG


Max. roll & sway accelerations at modules CoG

Az
Acc.MaxRoll
Acc.MaxPitch
Roll Max.
Pitch Max.

m/s2
rad/m2
rad/m2
deg.
deg.

2.711
0.145
0.091
10.048
5.750

Max. heave acceleration at modules CoG


Max. angular roll accelerations at modules CoG
Max. angular pitch accelerations at modules CoG
Max. roll angle
Max. pitch angle

Results

Unit

Value

Description

ax
ay
az

m/s2
m/s2
m/s2

0.623
1.926
2.741

Max. pitch & surge accelerations at modules CoG


Max. roll & sway accelerations at modules CoG
Max. heave acceleration at modules CoG

Acc.MaxRoll
Acc.MaxPitch
Roll Max.
Pitch Max.

rad/m2
rad/m2
deg.
deg.

0.145
0.091
10.048
5.750

Max. angular roll accelerations at modules CoG


Max. angular pitch accelerations at modules CoG
Max. roll angle
Max. pitch angle

M06

6/66

7. LOADS ON GRILLAGE AND SEAFASTENING


The figure below shows the feet numbering used in the calculation.

M06

M05

7/66

Trim =
tetaroll =
fipitch =

0,35
10,05
5,75

degree
degree
degree

trim angle
roll angle
pitch angle

Wm =
Lm =
Bm =
Hm =

1318
30,00
18,75
12,80

t
m
m
m

module weight
module length
module breadth
module height

a=
b=
ag =
bg =

18,750
17,160
9,420
7,230

m
m
m
m

distance between module feet in transverse direction (m)


distance between module feet in longitudinal direction (m)
distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in transverse direction (m)
distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in longitudinal direction (m)

Distribution factors
module foot no.1 r1 =
module foot no.2 r2 =
module foot no.3 r3 =
module foot no.4 r4 =

0,2879
0,2907
0,2097
0,2117

Static vertical forces - roll angle =

10,048

module foot no.1 r1xWm =


module foot no.2 r2xWm =
module foot no.3 r3xWm =
module foot no.4 r4xWm =
az0=
az90=
ax =
ay =
hg =
tetarollacc =
fipitchacc =
Fevt hs=
Fevt bs=
Feht+ =
Feht- =
Fehl+ =
Fehl- =
rxx2 =
It =
Met =
ryy2 =
Il =
Met =
hwt =
hwl =
Fwt =
Fwl =

374
377
272
275

MDULO M05

Static vertical forces - roll angle =

0,00

module foot no.1 r1xWm =


module foot no.2 r2xWm =
module foot no.3 r3xWm =
module foot no.4 r4xWm =

379
383
276
279

graus

Static vertical forces - pitch angle+trim =

t
t
t
t

module foot no.1 r1xWm =


module foot no.2 r2xWm =
module foot no.3 r3xWm =
module foot no.4 r4xWm =

6,103
377
381
275
277

t
t
t
t
graus
t
t
t
t

2,71
2,71
0,61
1,97
6,590
0,145
0,091

m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m
rad/s2
rad/s2

heave acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)


heave acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
pitch and surge acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
roll and sway acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
distance from top of grillage to COG of module (m)
angular roll acceleration in beam seas (rad/s2)
angular pitch acceleration in head seas (rad/s2)

364
364
554
427
260
182
54
70747
10258
111
146029
13347
7,76
6,41
288
180

t
t
t
t
t
t
2
m
2
t.m
kN.m
2
m
2
t.m
kN.m
m
m
kN
kN

vertical load due to heave - hs = head seas


vertical load due to heave - bs = beam seas
transverse parallel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave+
transverse paralel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heavelongitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave+
longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heavetransverse gyration radius of module
transverse inertia of module
moment due to roll
longitudinal gyration radius of module
longitudinal inertia of module
moment due to pitch
distance from top of grillage to COW of module for transverse wind (m)
distance from top of grillage to COW of module for longitudinal wind (m)
transverse wind load
longitudinal wind load

8/66

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, roll & sway):


Component of heave+ for beam
module foot no.1 r1xFevt=
module foot no.2 r2xFevt=
module foot no.3 r3xFevt=
module foot no.4 r4xFevt=

seas (Fevt bs) perpendicular to deck :


103
t
104
t
75
t
76
t
359
t
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave+ hgxFeht =
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave- hgxFeht =
Moment due to roll Met =
Moment due to transverse wind hwt x Fwt =
Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:
module foot no.1 =
152
t (heave+)
module foot no.2 =
152
t (heave+)
module foot no.3 =
111
t (heave+)
module foot no.4 =
111
t (heave+)

126
126
92
92

3649
2812
1046
228

t.m
t.m
t.m
t.m

(Heave up)
(Heave down)

1711
1201
1361
117

t.m
t.m
t.m
t.m

(Heave up)
(Heave down)

t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, pitch & surge):


Component of heave for head seas (Fevt hs) perpendicular to deck:
module foot no.1 r1xFevt=
104
t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt=
105
t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt=
76
t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt=
77
t
362
t
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave+ hgxFehl =
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave- hgxFehl =
Moment due to pitch Mel =
Moment due to longitudinal wind hwl x Fwl =
Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:
module foot no.1 =
92
t (heave+)
module foot no.2 =
93
t (heave+)
module foot no.3 =
93
t (heave+)
module foot no.4 =
92
t (heave+)

r1 =
r2 =
r3 =
r4 =

78
93
93
92

t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)

starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)


port aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
port fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)

9/66

FOR ROLL:
Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ =
F1- =

F2+ =
F2- =

629
144

t
t

633
147

t
t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ =
F3- =

F4+ =
F4- =

458
105

t
t

461
107

t
t

FOR PITCH:
Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ =
F1- =

F2+ =
F2- =

574
181

t
t

580
182

t
t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ =
F3- =

F4+ =
F4- =

444
105

t
t

446
108

t
t

Dynamic transverse forces (Feht+Fwt)

583

Dynamic longitudinal forces (Fehl + Fwl) =

278

module foot no.1 =


module foot no.2 =
module foot no.3 =
module foot no.4 =

337
337
246
246

t
t
t
t

module foot no.1 =


module foot no.2 =
module foot no.3 =
module foot no.4 =

138
140
138
140

t
t
t
t

foot 1 =
foot 2 =
foot 3 =
foot 4 =

starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)


port aft foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
port fore foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)

10/66

Trim =
tetaroll =
fipitch =

0,35
10,05
5,75

degree
degree
degree

trim angle
roll angle
pitch angle

Wm =
Lm =
Bm =
Hm =

1385
30,00
18,75
12,80

t
m
m
m

module weight
module length
module breadth
module height

a=
b=
ag =
bg =

18,750
17,160
10,050
10,280

m
m
m
m

distance between module feet in transverse direction (m)


distance between module feet in longitudinal direction (m)
distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in transverse direction (m)
distance from aft starboard module foot to COG in longitudinal direction (m)

Distribution factors
module foot no.1 r1 =
module foot no.2 r2 =
module foot no.3 r3 =
module foot no.4 r4 =

0,1860
0,2149
0,2780
0,3211

Static vertical forces - roll angle =

10,048

module foot no.1 r1xWm


module foot no.2 r2xWm
module foot no.3 r3xWm
module foot no.4 r4xWm
az0=
az90=
ax =
ay =
hg =
tetarollacc =
fipitchacc =
Fevt hs=
Fevt bs=
Feht+ =
Feht- =
Fehl+ =
Fehl- =
rxx2 =
It =
Met =
ryy2 =
Il =
Met =
hwt =
hwl =
Fwt =
Fwl =

=
=
=
=

254
293
379
438

graus
t
t
t
t

MDULO M06

Static vertical forces - roll angle =

0,00

module foot no.1 r1xWm


module foot no.2 r2xWm
module foot no.3 r3xWm
module foot no.4 r4xWm

258
298
385
445

=
=
=
=

Static vertical forces - pitch angle+trim =


module foot no.1 r1xWm
module foot no.2 r2xWm
module foot no.3 r3xWm
module foot no.4 r4xWm

=
=
=
=

6,103
256
296
383
442

t
t
t
t
graus
t
t
t
t

2,74
2,74
0,62
1,93
6,380
0,145
0,091

m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m/s2
m
rad/s2
rad/s2

heave acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)


heave acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
pitch and surge acceleration in head seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
roll and sway acceleration in beam seas acting on COG of module (m/s2)
distance from top of grillage to COG of module (m)
angular roll acceleration in beam seas (rad/s2)
angular pitch acceleration in head seas (rad/s2)

387
387
577
442
276
194
54
74355
10781
111
153476
14028
7,76
6,41
288
180

t
t
t
t
t
t
2
m
2
t.m
kN.m
2
m
2
t.m
kN.m
m
m
kN
kN

vertical load due to heave - hs = head seas


vertical load due to heave - bs = beam seas
transverse parallel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heave+
transverse paralel to deck load due to weight&roll&sway&heavelongitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heave+
longitudinal parallel to deck load due to weight&pitch&surge&heavetransverse gyration radius of module
transverse inertia of module
moment due to roll
longitudinal gyration radius of module
longitudinal inertia of module
moment due to pitch
distance from top of grillage to COW of module for transverse wind (m)
distance from top of grillage to COW of module for longitudinal wind (m)
transverse wind load
longitudinal wind load

11/66

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, roll & sway):


Component of heave+ for beam
module foot no.1 r1xFevt=
module foot no.2 r2xFevt=
module foot no.3 r3xFevt=
module foot no.4 r4xFevt=

seas (Fevt bs) perpendicular to deck :


71
t
82
t
106
t
122
t
381
t
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave+ hgxFeht =
Moment of horizontal load due to roll&sway&heave- hgxFeht =
Moment due to roll Met =
Moment due to transverse wind hwt x Fwt =
Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:
module foot no.1 =
107
t (heave+)
module foot no.2 =
107
t (heave+)
module foot no.3 =
160
t (heave+)
module foot no.4 =
160
t (heave+)

89
89
132
132

3681
2819
1099
228

t.m
t.m
t.m
t.m

(Heave up)
(Heave down)

1760
1235
1430
117

t.m
t.m
t.m
t.m

(Heave up)
(Heave down)

t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)

Dynamic vertical forces (heave, pitch & surge):


Component of heave for head seas (Fevt hs) perpendicular to deck:
module foot no.1 r1xFevt=
72
t
module foot no.2 r2xFevt=
83
t
module foot no.3 r3xFevt=
107
t
module foot no.4 r4xFevt=
124
t
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave+ hgxFehl =
Moment of horizontal load due to pitch&surge&heave- hgxFehl =
Moment due to pitch Mel =
Moment due to longitudinal wind hwl x Fwl =
Resultant dynamic vertical forces due to moments:
module foot no.1 =
89
t (heave+)
module foot no.2 =
103
t (heave+)
module foot no.3 =
103
t (heave+)
module foot no.4 =
89
t (heave+)
r1 =
r2 =
r3 =
r4 =

75
103
103
89

t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)
t (heave-)

starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)


port aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
port fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)

12/66

FOR ROLL:
Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ =
F1- =

F2+ =
F2- =

432
94

t
t

482
123

t
t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ =
F3- =

F4+ =
F4- =

645
141

t
t

720
183

t
t

FOR PITCH:
Total vertical reaction at module foot no.1:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.2:

F1+ =
F1- =

F2+ =
F2- =

417
95

t
t

482
110

t
t

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.3:

Total vertical reaction at module foot no.4:

F3+ =
F3- =

F4+ =
F4- =

593
173

t
t

655
229

t
t

Dynamic transverse forces (Feht+Fwt)

606

Dynamic longitudinal forces (Fehl + Fwl) =

294

module foot no.1 =


module foot no.2 =
module foot no.3 =
module foot no.4 =

243
243
363
363

t
t
t
t

module foot no.1 =


module foot no.2 =
module foot no.3 =
module foot no.4 =

136
158
136
158

t
t
t
t

foot 1 =
foot 2 =
foot 3 =
foot 4 =

starboard aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and H)


port aft foot (crossing of axis 6 and A)
starboard fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and H)
port fore foot (crossing of axis 3 and A)

13/66

8. GRILLAGE & SEAFASTENING STRUCTURAL CHECK.


8.1. Grillage Design.
8.1.1. Grillage under axis 3.
The figure below shows a top view of the grillage located under axis 3.
Color key:
Seafastening is in blue.
Grillage is in black (existing beam) and red (new elements).
Part of module that contacts grillage is in magenta.

All beams will be verified using formulations for simply supported beams in both ends. Only the
components more loaded will be checked because all beams have the same cross section
(including those less loaded).

14/66

Grillage more loaded under axis 3:


A. Existing beam (in black) (data from ref.[8])
Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )

120,00
115,00
3,80
65,50
2,50
874,00
53738,92

Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support near side ( cm )

500,00
720,00
159,00

Reaction_side shell ( t )
Reaction_bulkhead ( t )

491,04
228,96

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

78075,36
1,45
0,90
491,04
0,56
0,56

B. Support beam near side shell (in red)


Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )

120,00
115,00
2,50
50,00
2,50
287,50
19664,50

Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support aft ( cm )

250,00
491,04
125,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t )
Reaction_support_fwd ( t )

245,52
245,52

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

21974,04
1,12
0,77
245,52
0,85
0,85

15/66

C. Support beam near longitudinal bulkhead (in red)


Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )

120,00
115,00
1,50
50,00
2,50
172,50
17552,17

Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support aft ( cm )

250,00
228,96
125,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t )
Reaction_support_fwd ( t )

114,48
114,48

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

10245,96
0,58
0,40
114,48
0,66
0,66

16/66

8.1.2. Grillage under axis 6.


The figure below shows a top view of the grillage located under axis 6.
Color key:
Seafastening is in blue.
Grillage is in black (existing beam) and red (new elements).
Part of module that contacts grillage is in magenta.

17/66

Grillage more loaded under axis 6


A. Existing beam (in black) (data from ref.[8])
Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )

120,00
115,00
3,80
65,50
2,50
874,00
53738,92

Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support near costado ( cm )

500,00
482,00
159,00

Reaction_side shell ( t )
Reaction_bulkhead ( t )

328,72
153,28

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

52267,12
0,97
0,67
328,72
0,38
0,38

B. Support beam near side shell


Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )

120,00
115,00
2,50
50,00
2,50
287,50
19664,50

Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support aft ( cm )

250,00
328,72
91,00

Reaction_support_aft ( t )
Reaction_support_fwd ( t )

209,07
119,66

Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )


Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

19025,23
0,97
0,67
209,07
0,73
0,73

18/66

C. Support beam near longitudinal bulkhead


Total Height ( cm )
Web Height ( cm )
Web Thickness ( cm )
Flange Width ( cm )
Flange Thickness ( cm )
Web Area ( cm2 )
Section modulus ( cm3 )
Beam length ( cm )
Vertical force ( t )
Distance from support aft ( cm )
Reaction_support_aft ( t )
Reaction_support_fwd ( t )
Maximum bending moment ( t*cm )
Maximum bending stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Maximum shear force ( t )
Maximum shear stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

120,00
115,00
1,50
50,00
2,50
172,50
17552,17
250,00
153,28
91,00
97,48
55,79
8871,00
0,51
0,35
97,48
0,57
0,57

19/66

8.2. Seafastening Design


A. Plate welded on top of grillage to restrain transversally the module
Maximum transversal force ( t )

363,00

Thickness of stoppers ( cm )
Width of stoppers ( cm )
Length of stoppers ( cm )
Size of weld ( cm )

2,50
100,00
90,00
1,90

Contact pressure ( t/cm2 )


Utilization ratio
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

1,45
0,67
0,97
0,97

B. Plates welded on top of grillage to restrain longitudinally the module


Maximum longitudinal force ( t )
Thickness of stoppers ( cm )
Width of stoppers ( cm )
Length of stoppers ( cm )
Size of weld ( cm )
Contact pressure ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

158,00
2,50
90,00
40,00
1,90
0,70
0,33
0,69
0,69

C. Plate welded on deck to restrain transversally the grillage


Seafastening design ( stopers welded on deck to restrain the grillage )
Maximum transversal force ( t )

363,00

Thickness of stoppers ( cm )
Width of stoppers ( cm )
Length of stoppers ( cm )
Size of weld ( cm )

5,00
75,00
100,00
1,90

Contact pressure ( t/cm2 )


Utilization ratio
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

Two plates 2,5 cm fillet welded

1,29
0,60
0,98
0,98

20/66

D. Tube 10 SCH 60 to restrain longitudinally the grillage


Maximum axial force ( t )

165,89

Outer pipe diameter ( cm )


Inner pipe diameter ( cm )
Pipe length ( cm )
Pipe radius of gyration ( cm )
Area (cm2 )
Tension/compression stress ( t/cm2 )
Lambda ( kl/r )
Allowable compression stress ( ksi )
Allowable compression stress ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

27,30
24,76
394,00
9,22
103,32
1,61
42,73
27,80
1,95
0,82

Weld design (connections tube x plates )


Maximum axial force ( t )

165,89

Length of each weld ( cm )


50
Size of weld ( cm )
1,20
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
0,98
Utilization ratio
0,98
Weld design (connection longitudinal plate x deck plate)

Maximum longitudinal force ( t )

158

Length of each weld ( cm )


Size of weld ( cm )
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

100
1,20
0,93
0,93

Weld design (connection transversal plate x deck plate )


Maximum vertical force ( t )
Length of each weld ( cm )
Size of weld ( cm )
Shear stress in the weld ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

50,56
50
1,20
0,60
0,60

21/66

8.3. Deck frame contact pressure check

Near side shell


Length of effective contact:
1130 50 100 50 = 930 mm

Near side shell:


Reaction_support ( t )
Thickness of beam under deck ( cm )
Length of bracket lower side ( cm )
Length of effective contact ( cm )
Thickness of longitudinal under deck ( cm )
Length of contact ( cm )
Pressure of contact ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

Near long. bulkhead


Length of effective contact:
800 75 100 = 625 mm

245,52
1,90
113,00
93,00
1,50
20,00
1,19
0,55

Near longitudinal bulkhead:


Reaction_support ( t )
Thickness of beam under deck ( cm )
Length of bracket lower side ( cm )
Length of effective contact ( cm )
Thickness of longitudinal under deck ( cm )
Length of contact ( cm )
Pressure of contact ( t/cm2 )
Utilization ratio

114,48
1,00
80,00
62,50
1,50
20,00
1,24
0,57

22/66

9. BARGE LOCAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS.


9.1. FEM Analysis.
LOADS ON THE GRILLAGE SUPPORT
The applied loads to grillage support are to be taken as the calculated forces in sea transport
indicated in item 8.1.1 A.
Loads used in the FEM analysis:
Load on grillage support near the side shell

= 491 t

Load on grillage support near the longitudinal bulkhead

= 229 t

Total

= 720 t

Each grillage support (side shell and longitudinal bulkhead) will have two brackets, one in each
both side, therefore the loads on each bracket will be:
Load on grillage support bracket near the side shell

= 245.5 t = 2408.36 kN

Load on grillage support bracket near the longitudinal bulkhead

= 114.5 t = 1123.25 kN

Those loads will be the loads applied on one barge frame.


A Finite Element Model (FEM) was developed to analyze the barge structure comprising three
frames spaces in the most loaded grillage, considering only the region between the longitudinal
bulkhead and the side shell. To analyze the model it was used the software GIFTS V6.9.1a.
MODEL DESCRIPTION
The barge structure was represented by a finite element model composed of beam and plate
elements. The model encompasses four frames, deck plate, side shell, bottom plate and
longitudinal bulkhead. The figure 1 of Annex A shows an isometric overall view of the element
subdivision used in the model.
Model main dimensions:
Width (X) = 601 cm;

Height (Y) = 500 cm;

Length (Z) = 750 cm

23/66

The figure 2 of Annex A shows the model of one transverse frame.


The origin of the coordinate axis was taken in the bottom level (Y=0), at the cross point of the
longitudinal bulkhead with the first frame (X=0 and Z=0).
The drawing of ref.[2] shows the dimensions of the barge midship section.
The program GIFTS classify the various types of structural components in dimension group, calling
then thickness. The following "thicknesses" were used in the GIFTS model to represent the barge
scantlings (see Table II of Annex A):
a) Plate "thickness":
a.1) thk 1 7.0mm

Longitudinal bulkhead;

a.2) thk 2 10.0mm

Deck and bottom frame webs;

a.3) thk 3 12mm

Side shell frame & longitudinal bhd. webs;

a.4) thk 4 12.7mm

Side shell;

a.5) thk 5 19mm

Deck plate;

a.6) thk 15 15mm

Deck frame web reinforcement near side shell (not used);

a.7) thk 16 19mm

Reinforcement in upper part of side shell frame;

b) "thickness" of beam elements:


b.1) thk 6 Bar 200x16mm (ZA=-0.8;YA=0)

Deck and bottom frame flanges;

b.2) thk 7 Bar 250x16mm (ZA=-0.8;YA=0)

Side shell frame & long. bhd. flanges;

b.3) thk 8 Angle L bar 101x101x12.7mm

Inclined angles (ZA=-0.635;YA=10.1)

b.4) thk 9 Angle L bar 203x203x12mm

Vertical angle (ZA=-0.6;YA=20.3)

b.5) thk 10 Bar 200x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-10)

Bottom longitudinals & Side shell (two lower long.);

b.6) thk 11 Bar 150x16mm (ZA=0;YA=-7.5)

Long. bhd. (two lower long.);

b.7) thk 12 Bar 160x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-8)

Side shell (five upper long.);

b.8) thk 13 Bar 130x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-6.5)

Deck longitudinals;

b.9) thk 14 Bar 120x15mm (ZA=0;YA=-6)

Long. bhd. (five upper long.);

24/66

MATERIAL

The barge material was assumed to be common steel with yielding stress (y) = 235 N/mm2
(GIFTS identification number = 1) according to ref.[5]. See Table II in Annex A.
DESIGN CRITERIA
According to ref.[6], for stress based on Von Mises criteria calculated by FEM using combined
loads, von Mises stress is not to exceed (y/1.11) = 0.90(y); conservatively it is used:
VON MISES 0.80 (y)
GIFTS gives von Mises results in terms of % of the material y.
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
To transfer the shear forces through the longitudinal bulkhead and the side shell, the nodes at the
border of the model, in X=0 and X=601cm, Y from 0 to 500cm, Z=0 and Z=750cm, all have vertical
displacement = 0 (displacement Y = 0).
To represent the bottom and deck stiffness, the displacement in X and Z direction of the nodes at
the deck and at bottom borders were made = 0 (in Z = 0 and Z = 750 cm, X from 0 to 601 cm, Y =
0 and Y = 500 cm).

25/66

LOADING THE MODEL


Hydrostatic loads:
The barge draft during the transport will be 2,70m. Therefore the hydrostatic pressure in the bottom
will be 2.715 N/cm2 ((1.025 x 2.70 / 10) x 9.81), uniformly distributed on the full area. Each bottom
node had its hydrostatic load in function of its adjacent area.
To represent the contribution of the hydrostatic pressure acting in the central tank bottom frames,
the following forces were applied to the nodes correspondents to the bottom frame, at the
longitudinal bulkhead:
250 x (549 (61/2)) x 2.715 = 351932 kg = 3452.452 kN
The hydrostatic pressure acting on the side shell is 2.715 N/cm2 and zero at level 270 cm, varying
linearly between them. The nodes were loaded accordingly.
Grillage loads:
Figures 3 of Annex A show the loads acting on the nodes near the side shell of the frames at Z
=250 cm and Z =500 cm, respectively. These nodes are the most loaded ones (2408.36 kN spread
on 113 cm = 21.3129 kN/cm). The nodes near the longitudinal bulkhead were also loaded with
their correspondent loads, totaling 114.5 t (1123.25 kN spread on 90 cm = 12.4806 kN/cm).

26/66

The load values of Figure 3 of Annex A (nodes near side shell) are shown in the following table:
Node No.
731 (and 1231)

Load
(N)
138540

3028 (and 3128)

277070

3012 (and 3112)

277070

3025 (and 3125)

277070

730 (and 1230)

301000

3023 (and 3123)

325030

3002 (and 3102)

325030

3021 (and 3121)

325030

729 (and 1229)

162520

TOTAL =

2408360 (245.5 t)

The load values for the nodes near the longitudinal bulkhead are:
Node No.
721 (and 1221)

Load
(N)
380580

722 (and 1222)

561460

732 (and 1232)

181030

TOTAL =

1123070 (114.5 t)

Figure 4 of Annex A shows the elements numbering near the side shell, under the grillage bracket
support.
The element close to the node 731 (or 1231), near the side shell, was removed to represent more
accurately the reality (there is an empty space of 100mm near this area, see ref.[2]).
To obtain von Mises stress under 80% in all model elements it was necessary to provide the
following reinforcements under the deck, near the side shell, as shown in Figure 5 of Annex A:

27/66

- To install vertical bars of 200 x 16 mm (Thick. No. 6) in X = 549 cm and X = 575 cm, the first
going from the deck down to Y = 375 cm and the second going down to Y = 470 cm;
- To increase to 19mm (Thick. No.15) the thickness of the frame web plate under the grillage
bracket support near the side shell;
- To extend the flange of the deck frame until the side shell (Thick. No.6). To extend the flange of
the side shell frame until the deck (Thick. No.7).

28/66

RESULTS
The results are for the reinforced structure, as shown in Figures 2 and 5 of Annex A. The
reinforcements are two vertical bars welded to the web frame in the indicated positions, the
increase of web plate thickness and the extension of the flanges of deck and side shell frames.
The extremes values obtained from the FEM analysis is shown below:
JOB:p56_17

7-OCT- 9

LOADING CASE 1

17:42:33

PAGE 1

MAXIMUM RESULTANT DEFLECTION(S) FOR MODEL.


MAXIMUM TRANSLATIONAL DEFLECTION = 6.3508E-01 AT POINT 1257
MAXIMUM ROTATIONAL DEFLECTION = 1.2051E-02 AT POINT 1170
EXTREMUM FOR PLOT:
VON MISES
MINIMUM STRESS = 8.3379E+00% AT ELEMENT 1775
MAXIMUM STRESS = 7.4573E+01% AT ELEMENT 1783

The element 1783 (= to the no. 1786) is the lower part of the bar stiffener added to extend the
flange of the side shell frame up to the deck, as can be seen in Figure 4 of Annex A. The von
Mises stress in this element is 74.57% of y (<0.80y).
The results for other elements in the upper part of the frame, near the side shell, are shown in
Figures 6 and in the list of Table I of Annex A.
Figure 7 of Annex A shows the von Mises stresses distribution throughout a transverse frame, it
can be seen that the values are low outside the upper corner area near the side shell.
REINFORCEMENTS
Remove the plate of 10mm and 12mm between level Y = 4375mm and Y = 5000mm, and between
X = 4880mm and x = 6010mm, and install a plate of 19mm. The plate change must be made in all
frames under grillage supports near the side shell.

29/66

Vertical bar of 100 x 16mm welded both sides of deck frame web near the side shell, just under the
first deck longitudinal, going down to the level 3750mm (from base line). The reinforcements must
be placed in all frames under grillage supports near the side shell.
Vertical bar of 100 x 16mm welded both sides of deck frame web near the side shell, located
260mm from the side shell, going from the deck down to the level 4700mm (from base line). The
reinforcements must be placed in all frames under grillage supports near the side shell.
To improve the connection between deck frames and side shell frames, and additional
reinforcement is indicated: To extend the flange of the deck frames up to the side shell and also up
to the longitudinal bulkhead; to extend the vertical frames flange up to the deck (both near the side
shell and the longitudinal bulkhead).

30/66

9.2. Local Buckling Check of Bulkhead and Deck Frame Web.


The procedure of ref.[13] will be used to verify the buckling resistance of bulkhead and deck frame
panels. The usage factor of ref.[14] will be used.
9.2.1. Axis 06 of Modules 05 and 06
P = 482 t

load on the grillage due to module foot.

Load on grillage support near side shell:


482 x 3.41/5.0 = 329 t
Load on transverse bulkhead (FR4 or FR28):
Load on frame (FR5 or FR27):

329 x 0.91/2.5 = 120 t


329 x 1.59/2.5 = 209 t

Load on grillage support near longitudinal bulkhead:


482 x 1.59/5.0 = 153 t
Load on transverse bulkhead (FR4 or FR28):
Load on frame (FR5 or FR27):

153 x 0.91/2.5 = 56 t
153 x 1.59/2.5 = 97 t

Bulkheads FR4 and FR28:


Near side shell:
1st row:
Compression stress:

COMP = 120 / (113 x 0.75) = 1.416 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
bulkhead full height:
Shear stress:

= 120 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.320 t/cm2

Panels dimensions:

1st panel
2nd panel

Plate
Thickness
0.75 cm
0.75 cm

Width
(cm)
52
61

Height
(cm)
62.5
62.5

Vertical stiffeners 200 x 15mm


1st panel:

31/66

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is =1.146 > 0.85 and so the plate thickness of the panel
must be increased.
2nd panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is =1.488 > 0.85 and so the plate thickness of the panel
must be increased.
Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:
Compression stress:
Conservatively using the same shear stress

COMP = 120 / (113 x 1.0) = 1.062 t/cm2


= 0.320 t/cm2

1st panel:
The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now:

= 0.648 < 0.85.

OK

= 0.768 < 0.85.

OK

2nd panel:
The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now:
2nd row:
Considering load spreading in 30 degrees:
Compression stress:

COMP = 120 / ((113+2 x 36.1) x 0.75) = 0.864 t/cm2

Note: 2 x 36.1 to take into consideration the load spreading in the side shell.
Shear stress:

= 120 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.320 t/cm2 (conservatively)

Same panels dimensions.


1st panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.742 < 0.85
2nd panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.962 > 0.85.
Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:
Compression stress:

COMP = 120 / ((113+2 x 36.1) x 1.0) = 0.648 t/cm2

Conservatively using the same shear stress

= 0.320 t/cm2

32/66

The usage factor according to ref.[13] is now:

= 0.518 < 0.85.

OK

All 2nd row will be 10mm thick plate.


3rd row:
COMP = 120 / ((113+ 2 x 36.1+2 x 36.1) x 0.75) = 0.620 t/cm2
Conservatively using the same shear stress
= 0.320 t/cm2
1st panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.572 < 0.85

OK

2nd panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.738 < 0.85

OK.

Near longitudinal BHD:


1st row:
Compression stress:

COMP = 56 / (80 x 0.75) = 0.933 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
bulkhead full height:
Shear stress:

= 56 / (500 x 0.75) = 0.149 t/cm2

Panels dimensions:

1st panel
2nd panel

Plate
Thickness
0.75 cm
0.75 cm

Width
(cm)
61
61

Height
(cm)
62.5
62.5

1st and 2nd panels:


According to ref.[13] the usage factor is =0.954 (> 0.85) and so the plate thickness of the panels
must be increased.
Increasing the thickness of both panels to 10mm:
Compression stress:
Conservatively using the same shear stress

COMP = 56 / (80 x 1.0) = 0.700 t/cm2


= 0.149 t/cm2

The usage factor for both panels according to ref.[13] is now: = 0.485 < 0.85.

33/66

2nd row:
Considering load spreading in 30 degrees:
Compression stress:

COMP = 56 / ((80+36.1) x 0.75) = 0.643 t/cm2

Shear stress:

= 0.149 t/cm2 (conservatively)

Same panels dimensions.


1st and 2nd panels:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.675 < 0.85

OK.

34/66

9.2.2. Axis 03 of Modules 05 and 06


P = 720 t

load on the grillage due to module foot.

Load on grillage support near side shell:


720 x 3.41/5.0 = 491 t
Load on frame:

491 x 0.5 = 245.5 t

Load on grillage support near longitudinal bulkhead:


720 x 1.59/5.0 = 229 t
Load on frame:

229 x 0.5 = 114.5 t

Frames:
Near side shell:
1st row:
Compression stress:

COMP = 245.5 / ((113-5-10-5) x 1.9 + 20 x 1.5) = 1.188 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to side shell through the
side shell web frame full height:
Shear stress:

= 245.5 / (500 x 1.2) = 0.409 t/cm2

It will be examined the web panel of the deck frame limited by the two last deck longitudinal near
the side shell and the extended flange of deck frame (using the GIFTS coordinates, the panel is
limited by X = 488cm and X = 549cm , and by Y = 437.5cm and Y = 500cm). According to Table I
of Annex A, the maximum shear stress of this panel occurs in element 1708 and is 3537 N/mm2 =
0.361 t/cm2. Conservatively, the buckling check will use shear stress of 0.409 t/cm2.
Panel dimensions:

1st panel

Plate
Thickness
1.9 cm

Width
(cm)
61

Height
(cm)
62.5

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.605 < 0.85.

35/66

2nd row:
The 2nd row is composed of several elements as can be seen in Figure 4 of Annex A (elements
from 1734 to 1739 of Z = 250). The stresses in the elements are shown in Table III of Annex A.
Conservatively, taking the compressive stress and the shear stress of the most loaded elements to
represent the load stress status of the panel:
1st panel (away from the side shell elements 1736, 1737 & 1739):
COMP (1736) = 7817 N/cm2 = 0.797 t/cm2
(1737)= 1046 N/cm2 = 0.107 t/cm2
2nd panel (near side shell elements 1734, 1735 & 1738):
COMP (1735) = 7374 N/cm2 = 0.752 t/cm2
(1734)= 4470 N/cm2 = 0.456 t/cm2
Panels dimensions:

1st panel
2nd panel

Plate
Thickness
1.2 cm
1.2 cm

Width
(cm)
61
52

Height
(cm)
62.5
62.5

1st panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.441 < 0.85

OK.

2nd panel:
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.500 < 0.85

OK.

3rd row:
The 3rd row is composed of elements nos. 201 and 197 (see Figure 4 of Annex A). From Table III
of Annex A, the stresses in these elements are:
COMP (201) = 6971 N/cm2 and COMP (197) = 4683 N/cm2
(201)= 559.7 N/cm2 and (197)= 2785 N/cm2
Conservatively taking the greatest values to represent the stresses in the panel of 1130 x 625mm:
COMP = 6971 N/cm2 = 0.710 t/cm2
= 2785 N/cm2 = 0.284 t/cm2

Panel dimensions:

36/66

1st panel

Plate
Thickness
1.2 cm

Width
(cm)
113

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.706 < 0.85

Height
(cm)
62.5
OK.

Near longitudinal BHD:


1st row:
Compression stress:

COMP = 114.5 / ((80-10-7.5) x 1.0+1.5 x 20) = 1.238 t/cm2

The shear stress can be evaluated supposing the entire shear passing to longitudinal bulkhead
through the frame full height:
Shear stress:
= 114.5 / (500 x 1.2) = 0.190 t/cm2
(the web of the longitudinal bulkhead frame has 12mm thickness)
Panel dimensions:
Plate
Width
Thickness
(cm)
1st panel
1.0 cm/1.2cm
62.5
Note: usage factor calculated with thickness of 10mm.

Height
(cm)
90.0

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 1.291 > 0.85.


It will be placed a vertical bar of 15mm thickness under de last deck longitudinal to reduce the
panel dimension from 90.0mm to 61mm.
Panel dimensions:
Plate
Width
Thickness
(cm)
1st panel
1.0 cm/1.2cm
61.0
Note: usage factor calculated with thickness of 10mm.

Height
(cm)
62.5

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.836 < 0.85.


2nd row:
Compression stress:

COMP = 114.5 / ((80-10-7.5) x 1.0+1.5 x 20 + 36.1) = 0.890 t/cm2

Shear stress:
= 0.190 t/cm2 (conservatively)
Plate thickness = 1.2 cm
and panel dimensions = 90 x 62.5cm
According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.708 < 0.85
Side Shell:

OK.

37/66

The side shell panel with the dimensions indicated below will be checked to buckling. The stresses
acting on the panel will be the primary stresses due to the barge bending moment (4918 t.m) and
shear force (484t) calculated in item 10 and the compressive and shear stresses determined by the
FEM of item 9.1. Conservatively it will be used both values acting in the same barge cross section
(actually the maximum values of moment and shear force does not occur in the same section).
Primary stresses:
Inertia moment of barge cross section (conservatively only plates are considered):
2 x [(1,27x5003)/12) + (0,7x5003)/12] + (2300/12) x (1,93 + 1,273) + 2300 x 2502 x (1.9 + 1.27) = 41041668 +
1707 + 455687500 = 496730875 cm4

Section modulus:

496730875 / 250 = 1986924 cm3

Deck compression stress deck:


(4918 x 100) / 1986924 = 0.248 t/cm2

Compression stress on the 1 side shell longitudinal stiffener: (2500-625)x0.248/2500=0.186 t/cm2


Panel shear stress = 484 / (2 x 500 x 1.27 + 2 x 500 x 0.7) = 484 / 1970 = 0.246 t/cm2
Secondary stresses on panel:
The secondary stresses on upper side shell panel will be taken from FEM of item 9.1. The upper
panel model near Z=250 is composed of several elements as shown in Figure 10 of Annex A
(elements from 1631 to 1636 and 644, 648, 550, 572. The stresses in the elements are shown in
Table III of Annex A. Conservatively, taking the compressive stress and the shear stress of the
most loaded elements to represent the load stress status of the panel:
COMP (1634) = 4934 N/cm2 = 0.503 t/cm2
(1633)= 5542 N/cm2 = 0.565 t/cm2
Combination of primary & secondary stresses:
Compression stress (longitudinal to panel) =
0,248 t/cm2 (deck level)
0,186 t/cm2 (1st long. level)
Compression stress (transverse to panel) =
0.503 t/cm2
Shear stress =
0.246 + 0.565 =
0.811 t/cm2

1st panel

Plate
Thickness
1.27 cm

Width
(cm)
250

According to ref.[13] the usage factor is = 0.709 < 0.85

Height
(cm)
62.5
OK.

38/66

10. BARGE LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH CHECK.


Loads were applied as described below:
Barge light weight plus grillage distributed linearly along barge length.
Ballast in tank distributed linearly along tank length.
Buoyancy distributed in a trapezoidal shape along wet length
Concentrated reactions of embarked modules in the supporting points.
Reactions of module 05 on the deck of the barge
R1 = 381.35 t

at X = 47.5 m from stern

R2 = 381.35 t

at X = 50.0 m from stern

R3 = 353.17 t

at X = 65.0 m from stern

R4 = 202.13 t

at X = 67.5 m from stern

Reactions of module 06 on the deck of the barge


R5 = 400.73 t

at X = 27.5 m from stern

R6 = 400.73 t

at X = 25.0 m from stern

R7 = 371.13 t

at X = 10.0 m from stern

R8 = 222.41 t

at X = 7.5 m from stern

Load calculations

At X1
(t/m)

At X2
(t/m)

Barge weight&grillage
Buoyancy
Ballast peak aft
Ballast tanks 4
Ballast tanks 3
Ballast tanks 2
Ballast tanks 1
Ballast peak forward

-16,33
0
-21,14
-2,41
-2,41
-2,41
-2,41
-0,98

-16,33
69,10
-21,14
-2,41
-2,41
-2,41
-2,41
-0,98

At X3
(t/m)

At X4
(t/m)

58,20

X1
(m)

X2
(m)

0,00
1,38
1,70
7,50
22,50
37,50
52,50
67,50

75,00
7,00
7,50
22,50
37,50
52,50
67,50
73,30

X3
(m)

X4
(m)

68,00

72,61

Note: X is measured from barge stern

Resulting maximum shear force = 484.86 t at 10.0 m from stern


Resulting maximum bending moment = -4918.05 t.m at 37.20 m from stern
Complete analysis results are listed in Annex B.
Ref.[9] indicates SWBM at sea of 14000 t.m and minimum shear of 770 t.

39/66

SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAMM

BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAMM

Reactions at Supports

40/66

11. BARGE STABILITY CHECK.


11.1. Intact Stability
Barge tanks:

Tanks
Capacity
(m3)

Volume
Used
(m3)

%
full

144,2
144,2
263,7
462
462
843
462
462
843
462
462
843
462
462
843
144,2
144,2
263,7

1,4
1,4
2,6
9,2
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
115,6
1,4
2,6
266,5

1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
80,133
1
1

Weight
(t)

VCG
(m)

Moment
(t.m)

Barge LW
Grillage & seafast.
Ballast
Total barge

1105
120
273
1498

2,80
5,63
1,24
2,74

3094
675
339
4108

Module 05
Module 06
Displacement

1318
1386
4202

12,79
12,58
9,14

16857
17436
38401

KG (m)
Corrected KG (m)
KM (m)
GM (m)
Draft (m)

9,14
9,18
18,14
8,96
2,70

Peak FW S
Peak FW P
Peak FW C
1S
1P
1C
2S
2P
2C
3S
3P
3C
4S
4P
4C
Peak AF S
Peak AF P
Peak AF C
Total ballast

VCG

FSC

(m)

Vertical
moment
(m,t)

0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
2,8
0,05
0,05
1,242323

0,07
0,07
0,13
0,46
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
323,55
0,07
0,13
331,09

0,000
0,000
0,000
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,031
0,000
0,000
0,042

(m)

41/66

Stability range (degrees)


Maximum GZ (m)
Wind heeling arm (m)
Angle of static wind heel (degrees)
Angle at 2nd interception (degrees)
Area under GZ curve (m*radian)
Area under wind arm curve (m*radian)

41,1
2,57
0,34
1,20
39,30
1,11
0,21

( from intact stability curve )

( from intact stability curve )


( from intact stability curve )
>>>>>
1,4 x 0,21
( from intact stability curve )

OK

From Cross Curves of Stability

(graus)

KZ
(m)

KGsen()
(m)

GZ
(m)

10
20
30
45
60

3,50
5,70
6,17
5,89
5,13

1,60
3,14
4,60
6,50
7,96

1,90
2,56
1,57
-0,62
-2,83

42/66

11.2. Damaged Stability


Barge tanks:

Tanks
Capacity
(m3)

Volume
Used
(m3)

%
full

144,2
144,2
263,7
462
462
843
462
462
843
462
462
843
462
462
843
144,2
144,2
263,7

1,4
1,4
2,6
452,8
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
9,2
9,2
16,9
115,6
1,4
2,6
710,0

1
1
1
98
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
80,133
1
1

Weight
(t)

VCG
(m)

Moment
(t.m)

Barge LW
Grillage & seafast.
Ballast
Total barge

1105
120
728
1953

2,80
5,63
1,24
2,10

3094
675
339
4108

Module 05
Module 06
Displacement

1318
1386
4657

12,79
12,58
8,25

16857
17436
38401

KG (m)
Corrected KG (m)
KM (m)
GM (m)
Draft (m)

8,25
8,29
16,85
8,57
2,97

Peak FW S
Peak FW P
Peak FW C
1S (Damaged tank)
1P
1C
2S
2P
2C
3S
3P
3C
4S
4P
4C
Peak AF S
Peak AF P
Peak AF C
Total ballast

VCG

FSC

(m)

Vertical
moment
(m,t)

0,05
0,05
0,05
2,5
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
0,05
2,8
0,05
0,05
2,10

0,07
0,07
0,13
1160,20
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
0,46
0,46
0,84
323,55
0,07
0,13
1490,83

0,000
0,000
0,000
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,001
0,031
0,000
0,000
0,042

(m)

43/66

Heeling moment due to flooded tank (t.m)


Heeling arm due to flooded tank (m)
Wind heeling arm (m)
Equilibrium angle after damage (degrees)
Angle at 2nd interception (degrees)
Area under GZ curve (m*radian)
Area under wind arm curve (m*radian)

3944,67
0,85
0,08
5,03
( from stability curve with damage )
32,87 ( from stability curve with damage )
0,46
>>>>>>>
1,4 x 0,05
OK
0,05

From Cross Curves of Stability

After damage

(graus)

KZ
(m)

KGsen(
(m)

GZ
(m)

10
20
30
45
60

3,12
5,21
5,59
5,40
4,76

1,49
2,93
4,28
6,06
7,42

1,63
2,28
1,31
-0,66
-2,66

GZ
(m)
5,03
10
20
30
32,87

0,79
1,43
0,46
0,08

Area under GZ
(m*rad)
0,03
0,19
0,17
0,07

44/66

11.3. Wind Forces


Barge Data
Barge length (m)
Barge depth (m)
Barge width (m)
Barge draft (m)

77
5
22,4
2,64

Modules data
Mod 05
VCOW (m)
Area_T (m2)
Area_L (m2)

9,99
240
384

Air density (kg/m3)

1,29

Mod 06
9,99
240
384

(Center of wind pressure above sea level)


(Transversal area exposed to wind)
(Longitudinal area exposed to wind)

For intact stability:


Wind speed at 10 m (m/s)
Item
Module 05
Module 06
Barge
Barge Displacement (t)
Transversal moment (t.m)
Heeling arm (m)

50,00
Area_T Area_L
(m2)
(m2)
240
384
240
384
53,0
182

VCOW
(m)
9,99
9,99
1,18

Speed
(m/s)
50,00
50,00
41,26

Pressure
(kg/m2)
156,08
156,08
106,29

Shape
Coef.
1
1
1

Force_T Mom._T
(t)
(t.m)
59,9
678
59,9
678
19,4
48

VCOW
(m)
9,99
9,99
1,18

Speed
(m/s)
25,00
25,00
20,63

Pressure
(kg/m2)
39,02
39,02
26,57

Shape
Coef.
1
1
1

Force_T Mom._T
(t)
(t.m)
15,0
169
15,0
169
4,8
12

4131
1404
0,34

For damage stability:


Wind speed at 10 m (m/s)
Item
Module 05
Module 06
Barge
Barge Displacement (t)
Transversal moment (t.m)
Heeling arm (m)

25,00
Area_T Area_L
(m2)
(m2)
240
384
240
384
53,0
182
4131
351
0,08

45/66

ANNEX A
FEM ANALYSIS FIGURES and TABLES

46/66

Figure 1 FEM of three frame spaces, between longitudinal bulkhead and side shell

47/66

Figure 2 FEM of one frame (X = 0 is at the long. BHD; X = 601 cm is at the side shell); (Y = 0 is at the
bottom; Y = 500 cm is at the deck).

48/66

Figure 3 Loads on the nodes of the transverse frame, near the side shell
(Z = 250 cm and Z = 500 cm).

49/66

Figure 4 - Elements numbering at Z = 250 cm and at Z = 500 cm, near the side shell and close to
the deck

50/66

Figure 5 Reinforcements installed under the deck, near the side shell, in Z =250 cm and Z = 500
cm.

51/66

Figure 6 - Von Mises stress resultant from the FEM analysis.

52/66

Figure 7 Distribution of von Mises stresses throughout the transverse frame

53/66

Figure 8 - Elements material and thickness at Z = 250 cm and at Z = 500 cm, near the side shell and
close to the deck

54/66

Figure 9 - Elements material and thickness in the side shell near frame

55/66

Figure 10 Nodes and elements numbering in the side shell near frame Z = 250

56/66

TABLE I
FEM Results for Elements in the Upper Part of Frames, Near the Side Shell

57/66

Note: T12 shear stress

58/66

TABLE II
Material and Thickness identification

59/66

TABLE III
FEM Results for Elements in the Middle Part of Side Shell Frame and in Upper Part of Side Shell Plating

60/66

ANNEX B
BARGE LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH CHECK RESULTS

61/66

Station
cm
0
57,692
115,385
173,077
230,769
288,462
346,154
403,846
461,538
519,231
576,923
634,615
692,308
750
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1000
1060
1120
1180
1240
1300
1360
1420
1480
1540
1600
1660
1720
1780
1840
1900
1960
2020
2080
2140
2200
2260
2320
2380
2440
2500

V2
Ton
0,2726
9,691
19,1094
28,4009
45,4497
58,4098
67,2811
72,0636
72,7574
69,3625
61,8787
50,3063
34,645
16,4529
238,8629
213,7476
188,6769
163,6509
138,6696
113,7329
484,8629
454,9979
425,1972
395,4609
365,7888
336,1811
306,6378
277,1587
247,744
218,3936
189,1075
159,8858
130,7284
101,6353
72,6066
43,6421
14,742
-14,0937
-42,8652
-71,5723
-100,2151
-128,7935
-157,3077
-185,7575
-214,1429
-242,4641

M3
Ton-cm
-5,36E-10
-287,41
-1118,193
-2484,128
-4634,093
-7649,698
-11295,055
-15334,272
-19531,461
-23650,731
-27456,193
-30711,956
-33182,132
-34656,794
-34656,794
-45971,869
-56032,295
-64840,304
-72398,13
-78708,007
-78708,007
-106903,511
-133309,044
-157928,465
-180765,634
-201824,412
-221108,657
-238622,229
-254368,988
-268352,794
-280577,506
-291046,984
-299765,088
-306735,677
-311962,611
-315449,75
-317200,953
-317220,08
-315510,991
-312077,545
-306923,602
-300053,022
-291469,664
-281177,388
-269180,054
-255481,521

Station
cm
2500
2550
2600
2650
2700
2750
2750
2810,606
2871,212
2931,818
2992,424
3053,03
3113,636
3174,242
3234,848
3295,455
3356,061
3416,667
3477,273
3537,879
3598,485
3659,091
3719,697
3780,303
3840,909
3901,515
3962,121
4022,727
4083,333
4143,939
4204,545
4265,152
4325,758
4386,364
4446,97
4507,576
4568,182
4628,788
4689,394
4750
4750
4800
4850
4900
4950
5000

V2
Ton
158,2659
134,7141
111,2069
87,7445
64,3267
40,9535
441,6835
413,4124
385,2068
357,0669
328,9927
300,984
273,041
245,1637
217,3519
189,6058
161,9254
134,3105
106,7613
79,2778
51,8598
24,5075
-2,7791
-30,0002
-57,1556
-84,2453
-111,2694
-138,2279
-165,1208
-191,948
-218,7096
-245,4056
-272,0359
-298,6006
-325,0996
-351,5331
-377,9008
-404,203
-430,4395
-456,6104
-75,2604
-96,802
-118,2989
-139,7511
-161,1587
-182,5215

M3
Ton-cm
-255481,5
-262805,8
-268953,7
-273927,3
-277728,9
-280360,7
-280360,7
-306272,4
-330472,6
-352965,4
-373754,8
-392844,6
-410239
-425941,8
-439957,1
-452288,9
-462941
-471917,5
-479222,4
-484859,6
-488833,1
-491147
-491805,1
-490811,4
-488170
-483884,8
-477959,8
-470398,9
-461206,2
-450385,6
-437941,1
-423876,7
-408196,3
-390904
-372003,6
-351499,3
-329394,9
-305694,4
-280401,9
-253521,3
-253521,3
-249219,5
-243841,8
-237390,4
-229867,4
-221275,3

Station
cm
5000
5060
5120
5180
5240
5300
5360
5420
5480
5540
5600
5660
5720
5780
5840
5900
5960
6020
6080
6140
6200
6260
6320
6380
6440
6500
6500
6550
6600
6650
6700
6750
6750
6807,692
6865,385
6923,077
6980,769
7038,462
7096,154
7153,846
7211,538
7269,231
7326,923
7384,615
7442,308
7500

V2
Ton
198,8285
173,252
147,7398
122,292
96,9085
71,5893
46,3344
21,1439
-3,9823
-29,0441
-54,0417
-78,9749
-103,8438
-128,6483
-153,3886
-178,0645
-202,676
-227,2233
-251,7062
-276,1248
-300,4791
-324,769
-348,9946
-373,1559
-397,2528
-421,2854
-68,1154
-88,0935
-108,0269
-127,9156
-147,7596
-167,5589
34,5711
10,993
-9,9377
-26,6645
-39,1875
-47,5066
-51,6219
-51,5334
-47,241
-38,7896
-28,8058
-19,3572
-9,9388
-0,5203

M3
Ton-cm
-221275,3
-232437,3
-242066,8
-250167,4
-256743,1
-261797,7
-265335,1
-267359,1
-267873,7
-266882,5
-264389,6
-260398,8
-254913,9
-247938,9
-239477,4
-229533,5
-218111
-205213,7
-190845,5
-175010,2
-157711,8
-138954
-118740,8
-97075,96
-73963,38
-49406,91
-49406,91
-45501,5
-40598,31
-34699,56
-27807,49
-19924,34
-19924,34
-21237,44
-21247,67
-20171,63
-18251,84
-15730,84
-12851,15
-9855,307
-6985,836
-4485,142
-2535,274
-1146,78
-301,704
-3,66E-08

62/66

ANNEX C
LETTER FROM ABS INDICATING THE SWBM AND SHEAR

63/66

64/66

65/66

66/66