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Palestine Exploration Fund

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Palestine Exploration Fund is a British society, it is often simply known as the PEF. Founded to
carry out surveys of the topography and ethnography of the Ottoman Province of Palestine. The fund was
navigation launched with the assets of £300 with a remit that fell somewhere between an expeditionary survey and
Main page military intelligence gathering.[1] Whose members sent back reports on the need to salvage and
Contents modernize the region.[2]
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Current events Contents [hide]
Random article 1 History
search 1.1 Early Projects undertaken
2 The PEF Today
3 See also
Go   Search 4 References
5 External links
6 Bibliography
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Recent changes History [edit] Rock used by the PEF to mark the
level of the Dead Sea in the beginning of
Contact Wikipedia
Donate to Wikipedia The PEF was founded on 22 June 1865 by a group of Biblical archaeologists and clergymen.[3] The most the 20th century

Help notable of these were the Dean of Westminster Abbey, Arthur P. Stanley, and Sir George Grove (who also
founded the Royal College of Music, and was responsible for Grove's Dictionary of Music). It was established
"for the purpose of investigating the Archaeology, Geography, manners, customs and culture, Geology and
What links here
Natural History of the Holy Land."[4] It had a complex relationship with Officers of the Royal Engineers.[3]
Related changes
Upload file The first preliminary meeting of the Society of the Palestine Exploration Fund was held in the Jerusalem
Special pages Chamber of the Palace of Westminister. The original prospectus for the Palestine Exploration Fund was read
Printable version out by Archbishop Thompson at the first organisational meeting;
Permanent link
Cite this page “our object is strictly an inductive inquiry. We are not to be a religious society; we are not about to launch
controversy; we are about to apply the rules of science, which are so well understood by us in our branches, to an
investigation into the facts concerning the Holy Land. "No country should be of so much interest to us as that in
Deutsch which the documents of our Faith were written, and the momentous events they describe enacted. At the same
Español time no country more urgently requires illustration ... Even to a casual traveller in the Holy Land the Bible
becomes, in its form, and therefore to some extent in its substance, a new book. Much would be gained
by ...bringing to light the remains of so many races and generations which must lie concealed under the
accumulation of rubbish and ruins on which those villages stand ..."[4][1]

The PEF conducted many early excavations of biblical and post biblical sites around the Levant, as well as
studies involving natural history, anthropology, history and geography.
Among other noteworthy individuals associated with the fund were:
Charles Warren,
Horatio Kitchener,
Edward Henry Palmer,
George Grove,
T. E. Lawrence,
Kathleen Kenyon,
Arthur Stanley
Conrad Schick.

Early Projects undertaken [edit]

Excavations in Jerusalem (1867 - 1870): conducted by Charles Warren and Henry Birtles
The Survey of Western Palestine (1871 - 1878); undertaken by Claude R. Conder and Horatio H. Kitchener (among others)
The Ordnance Survey of Sinai (1872) undertaken by E. Ii. Palmer, M.A.
Excavations at Tell el-Hesi (1890 - 1893); under the direction of Sir William Flinders Petrie, and Frederick J. Bliss
The Wilderness of Zin Archaeological Survey (1913 -1914); conducted by Sir Leonard Woolley and T.E. Lawrence.

The PEF Today [edit]

Today the fund is located at 2 Hinde Mews, W1U 2AA, off of Jason Court and Marylebone Lane north of Wigmore Street in Marylebone section of
the City of Westminster, London, and holds regular events and lectures as well as providing for an annual grant for various projects. Their offices
also house collections of photographs, pictures, maps and various antiquities.

See also [edit]

Syro-Palestinian archaeology

References [edit]

1. ^ a b Kathleen Stewart Howe, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, St. Louis Art Museum (1997) Revealing the Holy Land: the photographic exploration of
Palestine University of California Press, ISBN 0899510957 p 37
2. ^ Ilan Pappé (2004) A history of modern Palestine: one land, two peoples Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521556325 pp 34-35
3. ^ a b Joan M. Schwartz, James R. Ryan (2003) Picturing Place: Photography and the Geographical Imagination I.B.Tauris, ISBN 1860647529, p 226
4. ^ a b Shehadeh, 2007, p. 46.

External links [edit]

Palestine Exploration Fund - official web site

The PEF map published in 1880
The PEF usage differs from Biblical usage: Palestine is a name which in the Authorized Version is applied only to Philistia, and not to the rest
of the country at all. As such it is used by Milton, when he speaks of " that twice battered God of Palestine." The country of Palestine is
spoken of in the Bible by more than one name. It is called the Land of Canaan, as opposed to the Land of Gilead, lying on the opposite side of
the river Jordan. Our Work in Palestine, PEF, 1877 .
Definition, from PEF website - The term 'Palestine' is a widely-attested Western and Near Eastern conventional name for the region that
includes contemporary Israel, the Israeli-occupied territories, part of Jordan, and some of both Lebanon and Syria. Its traditional
area runs from Sidon on the coast, to Damascus inland, southwards to the Gulf of Aqaba, and then north-west to Raphia. The Sinai Desert is
usually considered a separate geographical zone to the south. 'Palestine' is first attested in extant literature in the 5th cent. BC, when it
appears in the Histories of Herodotus (Hist. 2: 104, etc.) as Palaistinê. It seems to have its origins in the root form p-l-s-t , denoting the land of
the Philistines, though it has generally in Western usage referred to a much wider region than coastal Philistia, including the area that is
known in Biblical, Rabbinic and Samaritan literature as the Land of Israel (Eretz-Yisra'el) or ancient Canaan. The term 'Palestine' has over
many centuries retained its relevance as an apolitical geographical term regardless of the nation-states and administrative
entities that have existed in this region. It has no political associations when used by the Palestine Exploration Fund.

Bibliography [edit]

Shehadeh, Raja (2007), Palestinian Walks: Forays into a Vanishing Landscape, Scribner, ISBN 9781416569964, 1416569969

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This page was last modified on 4 March 2010 at 07:27.

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