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Section A

[ 28 marks ]

Answer all questions.

1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the


length of air column, l , and the temperature, θ ,for the fixed mass of air.
The air is trapped by mercury in the capillary tube as shown in Diagram 1.1.

Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara


panjang turus udara, l, dengan suhu, θ , bagi satu jisim udara tertentu.Udara
tersebut
terperangkap dalam tiub rerambut oleh raksa seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1.1.

Mercury
Raksa

Capillary tube
Tiub rerambut

Trapped air
Column
Turus udara

DIAGRAM 1.1
RAJAH 1.1
The capillary tube and thermometer are placed into the beaker filled with water.
The arrangement of the apparatus is shown in Diagram 1.2.
Tiub rerambut dan termometer dimasukkan kedalam bikar berisi air.
Susunan radas ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.2.

To power supply
Ke bekalan Thermometer
kuasa Termometer
Capillary tube
Heater Tiub rerambut
Pemanas

Mercury
Raksa
Water
Air

Beaker
Bikar

DIAGRAM 1.2
RAJAH 1.2

Ice cubes are put into the beaker until the temperature, θ , reaches 0°C. The actual length of the
air column, l , is shown in Diagram 1.3 on page
Ketulan ais dimasukkan ke dalam bikar itu sehingga suhu, θ ,mencapai 0°C.Bacaan sebenar
panjang turus udara, l , ditunjukkan pada rajah 1.3 di halaman

Then the water is heated until the temperature, θ , reaches 20°C.


The actual correcponding length of the air column, l, is shown in Diagram 1.4 on page
Kemudian air dipanaskan sehingga suhu,θ , mencapai 20°C.
Bacaan sebenar panjang turus udara, l , yang sepadan ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.4 di halaman

The procedure of the heating process is repeated with temperatures,


θ = 30°C, 40°C, 50°C, 60°C and 70°C,
Prosedur proses pemanasan diulangi dengan suhu,
θ = 30°C, 40°C, 50°C, 60°C dan 70°C
The actual correcponding length of the air column, l, are shown in Diagram 1.5, 1.6 , 1.7, 1.8 and
1.9 on page
Bacaan sebenar panjang turus udara, l , yang sepadan masing-masing ditunjukkan pada Rajah
1.5 ,1.6 , 1.7 , 1.8 dan 1.9 di halaman

(a) For the experiment described on page and , identify:


Bagi eksperimen yang diterangkan di halaman dan , kenal pasti:

( i ) The manipulated variable


Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan

………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark ]
( ii ) The responding variable
Pembolehubah bergerakbalas
……………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark ]
(iii) The constant variable
Pembolehubah dimalarkan.

……………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark ]

( b ) ( i ) Based on Diagrams 1.3, 1.4,1.5,1.6,1.7,1.8 and 1.9 on page and


measure the lengths of air column, l.
Write the values of l on the space provided.
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8 dan 1.9 pada halaman
dan , ukur panjang turus udara, l.
Tuliskan nilai l pada ruang yang disediakan.
[ 2 marks ]

( ii ) Tabulate your results for θ and l in the space below.


Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi θ dan l pada ruang di bawah.

[ 5 marks ]

( c ) On the graph paper on page , draw the graph of l against θ .


Pada kertas graf di halaman , lukiskan graf l melawan θ .
[ 5 marks ]

( d ) Use your graph in ( c ), to state the relationship between l and θ .


Menggunakan graf anda di ( c ),nyatakan hubungan antara l dengan θ .

…………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark ]
l
l

DIAGRAM 1.3 DIAGRAM 1.4


RAJAH 1.3 RAJAH 1.4

θ = 0°C θ = 20°C

l = ___________ l = ____________
l l

DIAGRAM 1.5 DIAGRAM 1.6


RAJAH 1.5 RAJAH 1.6

θ = 30°C θ = 40°C

l = ___________ l = ____________
l
l

DIAGRAM 1.7 DIAGRAM 1.8


RAJAH 1.7 RAJAH 1.8

θ = 50°C θ = 60°C

l = ___________ l = ____________
l

DIAGRAM 1.9
RAJAH 1.9

θ = 70°C
l = ___________

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK


SUB TOTAL
1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable correctly
- temperature/ θ 1 1
( ii ) State the responding variable correctly 1 1
-Length/ l

( iii ) State the constant variable correctly


- pressure of the trapped air/ diameter of capillary/
Mass of the air 1 1

(b)i) State the values of l correctly


-all correct 2
- at least two correct 1 2

( ii ) Tabulate θ and l correctly


– θ and l shown in the table 1
– State the units of θ and l 1
– All values of l is filled 1
– All values of θ is filled 1
– All values of l are conssistenly to one decimal/ 1
or two decimal point 5

θ / °C l / cm
0 7.1
20 7.6
30 7.9
40 8.1
50 8.4
60 8.7
70 9.0

NO MARKING CRITERIA MARK


SUB TOTAL

1(c) Draw a complete graph of l against θ


Tick √ based on the following aspect

A. Show l on Y axis and θ on X axis √


B. State the units of the variable correctly √
C. Both axes are marked with uniform scale √
D. All seven points are plotted correctly √√

E. Best straight line is drawn √
F. Show the minimum size of graph at least 5x4

Score:
Number of ticks Score
7 5 5 5
5-6 4
3-4 3
2 2
1 1

1(d) State the correct relationship between l and θ

- l increase linearly with θ 1


1

Total : 16

INEORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

1. This question paper consists of two sections : Section A and Section B.

2. Answer all questions in section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces provided
in the question paper.

3. Answer one question from section B.

4. The time suggested to complete Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes.


2.
Vs/V

24

22

20

18

16

14

12

10

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Vp/V
DIAGRAM 2.1
Rajah 2.1
A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the secondary voltage,
Vs, and the primary voltage, Vp of a transformer. The results of the experiment is shown in the
graph of Vs against Vp as in Diagram 2.1.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara voltan sekunder,
Vs, dengan voltan primer, Vp bagi sebuah transformer. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan oleh graf
Vs melawan Vp pada Rajah 2.1.

(a) Base on the graph in Diagram 2.1, what is the relationship between the secondary
voltage and the primary voltage? [1 markah]
Berdasarkan graf dalam Rajah 2.1, apakah hubungan antara voltan
sekunder, Vs dengan voltan primer Vp? [1 markah]

……………………………………………………………………………………

(b) (i) Calculate the gradient, m.


Show on the graph how you determine m.
Hitungkan kecerunan, m.
Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan m.

m = ……………………….
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(ii) Base on your result in b(i), state the type of transformer used in the experiment.
Berdasar pada keputusan anda dalam b(i), nyatakan jenis transformer yang digunakan
dalam eksperimen.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) The above transformer has 250 turns in the primary coil, calculate the number of turns in the
secondary coil.
Transformer di atas mempunyai 250 lilitan pada gegelung primer, hitung bilangan lilitan
pada gegelung sekunder.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c) (i) The efficiency of the transformer used in the experiment is given by equation,
Kecekapan bagi transformer yang diguna dalam eksperimen di atas di beri oleh
persamaan,
Efficiency = (0.39 x m)100%

kecekapan = (0.39 x m)100%

Where m is gradient of the graph.


Calculate the efficiency of the transformer.

Di mana m ialah kecerunan graf.


Hitungkan kecekapan transformer di atas.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) State three factors that affected the efficiency of a transformer.


Nyatakan tiga faktor yang mempengaruhi kecekapan suatu transformer.

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

Section B
[12 marks]
Answer any one question.

The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes.

3. Diagram 3.1 shows a man is in a leaking sampan. He noticed that the spurt coming from the hole
at the bottom of the sampan is higher compared to the one from the side.
Rajah menunjukkan seorang lelaki berada dalam sebuah sampan yang bocor. Beliau mendapati
pancutan air dari lubang pada dasar sampan lebih tinggi berbanding dengan lubang pada
sebelah sisi yang lebih tinggi.
side hole

bottom hole

Based on the above information and observation:


Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas:

a) State one suitable interence.


Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [ 1 mark]
.
b) State one suitable hypotheisis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [ 1 mark ]

c) With the use of apparatus such as a U tube, thistle funnel, measuring cylinder and the other
apparatu, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b).
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti tiub U, corong tisel, silinder penyukat dan lain-lain
radas yang sesuai, terangkan satu rangka kerja eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang
dinyatakan dalam 3 (b).

In your description, state clearly the following:


Dalam penerangan anda, jelaskan perkara berikut:

i) Aim of the experiment.


Tujuan eksperimen.

ii) Variable of the experiment.


Pemboleh ubah dalam eksperimen.

iii) List of apparatus and materials.


Senarai radas dan bahan.

iv) Arrangement of the apparatus.


Susunan radas.
v) The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling
manipulated variable and the method of measuring responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawal pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan
dan kaedah mengukur pemboleh ubah bergerak balas.

vi) The way you would tabulate the data.


Cara anda akan menjadualkan data.

vii) The way you would analyse the data.


Cara anda akan menganalisis data.
[ 10 marks]

4. Diagram 4.1 shows the brightness of bulb A when it is connected to the power supply using
cabel P. When it is connected to the power supply using cabel Q, the brightness of the bulb is
shown as in Diagram 4.2.

Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan kecerahan mentol A apabila disambungkan kepada bekalan kuasa
menggunakan kabel P. Apabila mentol itu disambungkan kepada bekalan kuasa menggunakan
kabel Q, kecerahan mentol adalah ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 4.2.

P
FIGURE 4.1
RAJAH 4.1

FIGURE 4.2
RAJAH 4.2

Based on the above information and observation:


Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas:

a) State one suitable interence.


Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [ 1 mark]
.
b) State one suitable hypotheisis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [ 1 mark ]

c)With the use of apparatus such as a rheostat, contantan wire and the other
apparatus,describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis
stated in 3 (b).

Dengan menggunakan radas seperti reostat, wayar konstantan dan lain-lain radas yang
sesuai, terangkan satu rangka kerja eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan
dalam 3 (b).

In your description, state clearly the following:


Dalam penerangan anda, jelaskan perkara berikut:

i) Aim of the experiment.


Tujuan eksperimen.

ii) Variable of the experiment.


Pemboleh ubah dalam eksperimen.

iii) List of apparatus and materials.


Senarai radas dan bahan.

iv) Arrangement of the apparatus.


Susunan radas.

v) The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling


manipulated variable and the method of measuring responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawal pemboleh ubah dimanipulasikan
dan kaedah mengukur pemboleh ubah bergerak balas.

vi) The way you would tabulate the data.


Cara anda akan menjadualkan data.

vii)The way you would analyse the data.


Cara anda akan menganalisis data.
[ 10 marks]

“SOALAN TAMAT”