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REKAYASA LALU LINTAS

DR. Ir. R. DIDIN KUSDIAN


KULIAH 1
RUANG LINGKUP
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• Pengelolaan dan Perencanaan dalam Bidang Teknik Lalu Lintas


• Studi-studi Lalu Lintas : volume, pengukuran volume, karakteristik volume,
kecepatan, pengukuran kecepatan setempat, analisis pengukuran kecepatan
setempat, karakteristik kecepatan, pengukuran, penundaan, presentase hasil-hasil,
arti penting penundaan, pengukuran lain-lain
• Survei-survei dan Analisis Lalu Lintas
Survei-survei Lalu Lintas : survei-survei Transportasi, survei-survei perjalanan,
metode-metode survei, survei angkutan dagang, angkutan umum dan taksi, prosedur
wawancara ke rumah-rumah dan survei dengan kuesioner, pengecekan data
perjalanan, penetapan zona-zona, karakteristik perjalanan
Analisis Survei-survei Perjalanan : model-model angkutan, biaya umum/biaya
gabungan, bangkitan perjalanan, bank data laju perjalanan, distribusi perjalanan,
pengaturan arus lalu lintas, pemilihan jenis angkutan
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• Perparkiran :
survei-survei perparkiran, karakteristik dan pengendalian parkir, parkir di jalan, parkir
di luar jalan, bongkar muat barang
• Manajemen Lalu Lintas dan Lingkungan
Manajemen Lalu Lintas : jalan satu arah, studi manajemen lalu lintas, manajemen
pejalan kaki, transpor untuk orang lanjut usia, langkah-langkah manajemen umum
Angkutan Umum : manajemen lalu lintas angkutan umum, bentuk-bentuk baru
angkutan umum, langkah-langkah penyempurnaan rute bis, kepadatan dan
hambatan, pergantian angkutan barang,tindakan-tindakan pemisahan
Pengkajian dan penilaian lingkungan
• Pemakai Jalan, Kendaraan dan Jalan
Pemakai Jalan : faktor-faktor psikologis, sistem indera, penglihatan, pendengaran,
indera-indera lain, aplikasi, persepsi, tugas-tugas mengemudi, faktor-faktor yang
mempengaruhi kinerja mengemudi, faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku
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Kendaraan : kemampuan pandangan, perlampuan, sistem penera bahaya dan


instrumentasi kendaraan, rem, dimensi dan berat kendaraan, kinerja kendaraan
Jalan : Alinemen jalan

• Arus Lalu Lintas dan Kapasitas


Arus Lalu Lintas : Jarak dan waktu antara, hubungan aliran lalu lintas, kapasitas,
karakteristik kecepatan, penyalipan

Pertemuan Jalan:pengoperasian pertemuan jalan, gerakan manuver kendaraan,


kelambatan, tipe-tipe pertemuan jalan,bundaran, elemen pada perencanaan, panjang
percepatan dan perlambatan, pertemuan jalan tak sebidang

Kapasitas: kapasitas pertemuan dan persilangan jalan


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• Sistem Kontrol Lalu Lintas


definisi dan notasi, kapasitas persimpangan jalan yang berambu-rambu, pilihan
waktu siklus, sinyal yang dijalankan oleh kendaraan, fasilitas kontrol sinyal tambahan,
sinyal-sinyal untuk bis, sistem-sistem sinyal terkoordinasikan, kontrol lalu lintas pada
kawasan atau kontrol, kawasan yang lebih luas, peralatan rambu lalu lintas

• Penerangan Jalan, Rambu Lalu Lintas dan Marka Jalan


penerangan jalan : prinsip-prinsip umum, sumber-sumber penerangan jalan,
lampu/lentera, tata letak

rambu lalu lintas : perhatian terhadap pandangan, penulisan dan keterbacaan huruf,
perawatan, penempatan rambu dan ukuran huruf, syarat-syarat penglihatan di malam
hari, standar-standar, prinsip-prinsip perambuan rute

marka badan jalan : sasaran dan tipe-tipe marka, alat bantu visibilitas dan
reflektorisasi pada malam hari
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• Kecelakaan dan Keselamatan Jalan


Permasalahan : keselamatan dan kecelakaan di jalan raya, melaporkan dan
membuat tabel kecelakaan, catatan kecelakaan
• Penyebab Kecelakaan dan Pencegahan Luka-luka
kendaraan
• Luka-luka
memperkecil kemungkinan luka tabrakan, alat-alat keselamatan, pemakai jalan,
peningkatan dan tata letak jalan, tindakan efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan
REFERENSI
• F.D. Hobbs, Perencanaan dan Teknik Lalu Lintas, edisi kedua, Gadjah Mada University Press,
1995, penerjemah : Ir. Suprapto TM., MSc., Ir. Waldijono, Penyunting: Dr. Ir. Achmad Djunaedi
• William R McShane, Roger P. Roess, Traffic Engineering, Prentice Hall Polytechnic Series in
Traffic Engineering, 1990
• R. J. SALTER University of Bradford, Highway Traffic Analysis and Design, second edition,
English Language Book Society/ Macmillan, 1974
• Nicholas J. Garber, Lester A. Hoel, Traffic and Highway Engineering, 2002
• K. W. Ogden, S. Y. Taylor, Traffic Engineering and Management, 1999
• Traffic Engineering Handbook, Institut of Transportation Engineers, IEEE Press
• James L. Pline, Traffic Engineering Handbook, ITE, 1999
• Eris Osborne, Ajay Simha, Traffic Engineering With MPLS (Design, Configure and Manage
MPLSTE to Optimize Network Performance), Cisco Press, 2003
• Highway Capacity Manual HCM 2000, ITE
• Manual Kapasitas Jalan Indonesia MKJI 1997
• Titi Liliani Soedirdjo, SI-272 Rekayasa Lalu Lintas , Departemen Teknik Sipil ITB, catatan Kuliah,
Penerbit ITB
ROAD MAP RISET TEKNIK SIPIL-TRANSPORTASI
(SUMBER : WEB SITE ITB)
RUANG LINGKUP
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1. INTRODUCTION TO TRAFFIC ENGINEERING AND ITS SCOPE


2. TRAFFIC ENGINEERING : BASIC CONCEPTS
3. COMPONENTS OF THE TRAFFIC SYSTEM
4. TRAFFIC-STREAM CHARACTERISTICS
5. INTRODUCTION TO TRAFFIC STUDIES AND DATA COLLECTION
6. VOLUME STUDIES
7. SPEED, TRAVEL-TIME, AND DELAY STUDIES
8. ACCIDENT STUDIES
9. PARKING AND PEDESTRIANS
10. CAPACITY ANALYSIS CONCEPTS
11. AN INTRODUCTION TO FREEWAY SYSTEMS
12. CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF BASIC FREEWAY SECTIONS
13. CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF FREEWAY WEAVING SECTIONS
14. CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF RAMPS AND RAMP JUNCTIONS
15. CALIBRATING RELATIONSHIPS FOR FREEWAY ANALYSIS
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16. CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL HIGHWAYS


17. CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF RURAL HIGHWAYS
18. INTRODUCTION TO TRAFFIC CONTROL
19. CAPACITY ANALYSIS OF UNSIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS
20. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF INTERSECTION SIGNALIZATION
21. ANALYSIS OF SIGNALIZED INTERSECTIONS
22. CALIBRATION OF PARAMETERS FOR CRITICAL MOVEMENT ANALYSIS
23. ACTUATED SIGNALS AND DETECTION
24. SIGNAL-CONTROL HARDWARE AND MAINTENANCE
25. SIGNAL COORDINATION
26. ARTERIAL PERFORMANCE, OPERATION, AND MANAGEMENT
27. COMPUTER TRAFFIC-SIGNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
28. MANAGEMENT OF CONGESTED FACILITIES: FREEWAYS AND SURFACE
STREETS
29. TECHNIQUES FOR ADDRESSING FREEWAYS SYSTEM CONGESTION
30. ADDRESSING SURFACE STREETS CONGESTION
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PART 1 TRAFFIC ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION


1. Introduction to the transportation planning process
2. The transportation study area
3. The collection of existing travel data
4. The external cordon and screenline surveys
5. Other surveys
6. Trip generation
7. Trip distribution
8. Modal split
9. Traffic assignment
10. The evaluation of transportation proposals
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PART 2 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN FOR HIGHWAY TRAFFIC


11. The capacity of higways between intersections
12. Headway distributions in highway traffic flow
13. The relationship between speeds, flow and density in a highway traffic stream
14. The distribution of vehicular speeds in a highway traffic stream
15. The macroscopic determination of speed and flow of a highway traffic stream
16. Intersection with priority control
17. Driver reactions at priority intersections
18. Delays at priority intersections
19. A simulation approach to delay at priority intersections
20. Roundabout intersections
21. Merging, diverging and weaving at grade-separated junctions and interchanges
22. Queueing processes in traffic flow
23. Geometric delay at non-signalised intersections
24. Grade-separated junctions
25. The environmental effects of highway traffic pollution
26. The environmental effects of highway traffic pollution
27. Traffic congestion and restraint
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PART 3 TRAFFIC SIGNAL CONTROL


28. Introduction to traffic signals
29. Warrants for the use of traffic signals
30. Phasing
31. Signal aspects and the intergreen period
32. Signal control strategies
33. Geometric factors affecting the capacity of a traffic signal approach
34. The effect of traffic factors on the capacity of a traffic signal approach
35. Determination of the effective green time
36. Optimum cycle times for an intersection
37. The timing diagram
38. Early cut-off and late-start facilities
39. Opposed righ-turning vehicles and gap acceptance
40. The ultimate capacity of the whole intersection
41. The optimisation of signal-approach dimensions
42. Optimum signal setting when saturation flow falls during the green period
43. Delay at signal-controlled intersections
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44. Determination of the optimum cycle from a consideration of delays on the approach
45. Average queue lengths at the commencement of the green period
46. The co-ordination of traffic signals
47. Time and distance diagram for linked traffic signals
48. Platoon dispersion and the linking of traffic signals
49. The prediction of the dispersion of traffic platoons downstream of signals
50. The delay offset relationship and the linking of signals
51. Some area traffic control systems
ASPEK LEGALITAS
• UNDANG-UNDANG NO.22 TAHUN 2009
TENTANG LALU LINTAS DAN
ANGKUTAN JALAN