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RENCANA PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN

Nama Sekolah
: SMA ..
Mata Pelajaran
: Bahasa Inggris
Kelas/Semester : XI/1
Keterampilan Bhs : Reading
Genre
: Analytical Exposition
Tema/Topik
: Crimes in Big Cities
Pertemuan ke:3
Alokasi Waktu
: 2 x 45 menit (1 pertemuan)

I. Standar Kompetensi
Memahami makna teks fungsional pendek dan esei berbentuk report, narrative dan
analytical exposition dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan untuk mengakses ilmu
pengetahuan
II. Kompetensi Dasar
Merespon makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei yang menggunakan ragam bahasa tulis
secara akurat, lancar dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan untuk
mengakses ilmu pengetahuan dalam teks berbentuk: report, narrative, dan analytical
exposition
III. Indikator
Setelah menyelesaikan pelajaran membaca jenis teks analytical exposition ini, peserta didik
diharapkan mampu:
1. menunjukkan gagasan utama (main idea) teks eksposisi;
2. menentukan tujuan teks atau tujuan penulis;
3. menyebutkan informasi rinci dalam teks, baik yang tersirat maupun tersurat;
4. menjelaskan makna kata atau ungkapan tertentu dalam teks eksposisi;
5. menjelaskan rujukan (reference) yang ada dalam teks eksposisi;
IV. Materi Ajar
Terlampir (lampiran 1)
V. Metode Pembelajaran
Inquiry-Based Teaching (IBT)
VI. Prosedur Pembelajaran
A.Pendahuluan
1. Memberi salam
2. Berdoa (optional)
3. Mengecek kehadiran siswa
4. Mereview palajaran sebelumnya
5. Mengetengahkan topik pelajaran
6. Menjelaskan tujuan pelajaran
7. Menjelaskan manfaat pelajaran

B.Kegiatan Inti
Tahap
Eksplorasi

Elaborasi

Konfirmasi

Kegiatan Guru
Kegiatan Siswa
1.
Mengajukan
beberapa1. Menjawab pertanyaan guru
pertanyaan yang mengarahsesuai dengan persepsi dan
pada topik bahasan, sepertipengalaman masing-masing.
What do you know about
crime? Do you see crimes
more frequently in big cities or
in villages?
2. Menyampaikan kepada2.
Menuliskan
beberapa
siswa bahwa mereka akaninformasi yang diharapkan
membaca sebuah teks denganmuncul dalam topik crime in
judul crime in big cities,big cities.
kemudian
meminta
siswa
untuk menebak informasi yang
akan dijumpai dalam teks.
3. Mendistribusikan teks dan
meminta
siswa
untuk3. membaca teks secara cepat dan
mengecek apakah dugaanmengecek kebenaran dugaan
mereka ttg isi teks.
mereka tadi benar.
1. Meminta kelas membentuk1. Kelas membentuk kelompokbeberapa kelompok kecil, lalukelompok
kecil
yang
mendistribusikan
lembaranberanggotakan 3 sampai 5
tugas yang terkait denganorang.
pemahaman isi bacaan.
2.
Meminta
siswa
mendiskusikan dengan teman
sekelompok tugas-tugas yang2. Masing-masing kelompok
telah diterimanya.
mendiskusikan
tugas
yang
3. Meminta masing-masingdiberikan oleh guru berkenaan
kelompok melaporkan hasildengan makna isi bacaan.
diskusinya.
4.
Meminta
siswa
dari3. Setelah diskusi kelompok
kelompok lain untuk memberiselesai, masing2 kelompok
tanggapan
(pertanyaan,mempresentasikan hasilnya.
sanggahan, saran, dll) atas4. Siswa dari kelompok lain
presentasi tersebut (butir 3). memberi
tanggapan
atas
5. Meminta kelompok penyajipresentasi suatu kelompok.
untuk memberikan tanggapan
balik dari kelompok lain.
5. Kelompok penyaji memberi
tanggapan balik kepada para
penanggap.
1.
Memberikan
penilaian1. Menyimak penilaian guru atas
terhadap
hasil
diskusikinerja
mereka,
dan
kelompok dan diskusi kelas. memberikan
tanggapan
2. Memberi penjelasan lebihseperlunya.
lanjut kepada para siswa
berkenaan dengan jawaban atas2. Memperhatikan penjelasan
tugas-tugas tersebut.
guru,
dan
memberikan
tanggapan bila dianggap perlu.

C.Penutup
1. Meringkas pelajaran
2. Melakukan refleksi
3. Menyiapkan pelajaran yang akan datang
4. Memberi salam penutup
VII. Media Pembelajaran
1. LCD projector, screen, dan laptop
2. Video singkat tentang kehidupan di kota besar dan di desa.
VIII. Sumber Belajar
Sudarwati, Th., M. dan Grace, Eudia. 2005. Look Ahead: An English Course. Jakarta: Penerbit
Erlangga.

IX. Penilaian
1. Jenis Penilaian
: sumatif
2. Teknik Penilaian : tertulis, objektif, pilihan ganda
3. Alat penilaian
: terlampir (lampiran 2)
4. Kunci jawawan
: terlampir (lampiran 2)
ik Penilaian : terlampir (lampiran 2)

Surakarta, 18 Juni 2012


Kepala Sekolah,

Guru Mata Pelajaran,

_______________________
NIP.

____________________
NIP.

LAMPIRAN 1: MATERI PEMBELAJARAN


A. Reading Text

Read the following text carefully.


Crime is a serious problem in big cities and it is getting worse every year. The subways
are more dangerous. The streets are more dangerous. You may not even be safe in your own
home.
There may not be a single answer. Many problems seem to make cities so dangerous.
One of the problems is money. To fight crime, a city needs police officers, cars and guns.
These cost a lot of money but right now cities do not have much extra money. So, there are
not enough police officers, cars and guns for cities.
Another problem is drugs. Crime studies show that many criminals use and sell drugs.
After they start taking drugs, they want to have more. However, drugs are very expensive. So,
these people may sell drugs to other people to make money or they may steal money to get
more drugs.
There is an even more important cause of crime. Cities have rich and poor
neighbourhoods. In the poor neighbourhoods, jobs are hard to find. Many young people
dont have much hope for a better life. They only know one way to make a better living for
themselves. That way is to sell drugs or steal. So, some of these young people become
criminals.
B. Exercises
Task 1
1. What is the main idea of the text?
2. What is meant by a serious problem in big cities in the first paragraph?
3. What are the causes of the crime in big cities?
Task 2
What do the following words refer to in the text?
1. it (sentence 1 paragraph 1)
2. these (sentence 5 paragraph 2)
3. they (sentence 3 paragraph 3)
Task 3
Fill in the blanks with appropriate words or expressions:
A. then
B. easy
C. also
D. first
E. must
It is not going to be (1) to change these crime problems. We must (2) change
many of the laws about drugs. We (3) change the way cities spend their money. Until (4)
, the crime problems will not go away and we will live our life in fear.
C. The Expected Answers and Explanation
Task 1

1. The main idea of the text is Crime and its cause.


Explanation:
Main idea is an idea that is being discussed in the text. Main idea of this text can be found by
reading the whole text. The first paragraph is talking about crime. While the second, third,
and fourth paragraph is talking about its causes. Consequently, we can infer that this text is
about Crime and its causes
2. The serious problem in big cities in the first paragraph is citizen do not feel safe even in their
own home.
Explanation:
This serious problem can be found in the first paragraph. The writer shows several problems
face by the citizens, such as; the subways are more dangerous, the streets are more dangerous,
and we may not even be safe in your own home. The key word of this problem is not safe in
several places, even in our home.
3. The causes of the crime in big cities are money, drugs and the different social status (rich and
poor neighborhoods).
Explanation:
The causes of the crime in big cities are clearly stated in the second, third and fourth
paragraph.
In the second paragraph the writer describe money as one causes of crime. Then, in the third
paragraph the writer explain other causes of crime, that is drugs. Next, the last cause is stated
in the fourth paragraph, that is different social status such as rich and poor neighborhoods.
Task 2
Task 2 is talking about reference. In this case reference in called anaphoric, meaning that it
refers to pronoun that is stated previously.
1. The word it in sentence 1 paragraph 1 refers to Crime
Crime is a serious problem in big cities and it is getting worse every year.
2. The word these in sentence 5 paragraph 2 refers to police officers, cars and guns.
To fight crime, a city needs police officers, cars and guns. These cost a lot of money but
right now cities do not have much extra money.
3. The word they in sentence 3 paragraph 3 refers to criminals.
Crime studies show that many criminals use and sell drugs. After they start taking drugs,
they want to have more.
Task 3

1. Easy
Explanation: For cloze text, try to analyze the words located before and after the blank.
Before the blank there is be. Be is followed by adjective, noun, adverb, verb-ing, or verb
3. So, the answer should be Easy. In addition, an adjective is usually followed by to
infinitive.
2. First
Explanation: after the word must, there must be the first form either verb 1 or be. However,
in this case, after the blank there is already a verb 1. It means that there is no need to put a
verb anymore. The options are a determiner or a conjunction. Also and then cannot be
used since they indicate addition or continuing something. So the best answer is first.
3. Also
Explanation: Because number 2 has been utilized the word first, also can be used to give
additional information
4. Then
Explanation: the word until is an adverb. To complete it, the word then can be used as
emphasis to time reference.

D. Theoretical Review
1. Teori tentang reading skills
Hammer (1991) stated that reading is an exercise dominated by the eyes and the brain.
The eyes receive messages and the brain then has to work out the significance of the
message. While Harrison and Smith (1980) stated that reading is act of responding with
appropriate meaning to print or written verbal symbols. It means that reading is the result of
interaction between the graphic symbols that represent language and the readers language
skill, cognitive skill and knowledge of the word. In this process, the reader tries to recreate
the meaning intended by the writer
Furthermore Moreillon (2007) stated that reading is making meaning from print and
from visual information. But reading is not simple. Reading is an active process that requires
a great deal of practice and skill.
Nurkamto, et al (2012) menyebutkan rumusan indikator yang benar untuk
keterampilan berbahasa reading yaitu (1) memunjukkan gagasan utama suatu teks atau
paragraph, (2) menentukan tujuan teks atau penulis, (3) menyebutkan informasi rinci dalam
teks, baik yang tersirat maupun tersurat, (4) menjelaskan makna kata atau ungkapan tertentu
dalam teks, (5) menjelaskan rujukan yang ada dalam teks.

Reading is an exercise/act/process of coordinating the eyes and the brain to find


meaning from the text and to learn about word identification and comprehension strategies.
Reading indicators can be defined as follows:
a.

Finding the main idea


The main idea of a paragraph is the point of the passage, minus all the details. Main idea can
be found by summarize the passage in one sentence that includes the gist of ever idea from
the paragraph. A good way to do this is to pretend you have just ten words to tell someone
what the passage was about. You'd have to think broadly, so you could included every detail
in just a short statement.

b.

Determining the purpose of the text

c.

Finding explicit and implicit information

d.

Determining expression and word meaning

e.

Finding reference in the text

2. Teori tentang teks


Analytical Exposition
Definition

: is a text that elaborates the writers idea about the

phenomenon surrounding

nction

: to persuade the reader or listener that the idea is important matter.


Generic structure
a.

Thesis : introduces a topic and indicates the writer's position; outlines the main arguments to
be presented.

b. Arguments : restates main arguments outlined in a preview; develops and supports each
point/argument.
c.

Conclusion : restates the writer's position.


Language Features

a.

Using relational process

b. Using internal conjunction


c.

Using causal conjunction

d. Using simple present tense


LAMPIRAN 2: ALAT PENILAIAN
A. Instrument
Directions: Read the following texts, then answer the questions about them by choosing A, B, C, or D
that best answers each question or completes each sentence.

Text 1 (Questions 1 6)
I think the Canterbury Council should construct more activity centers in most local
areas. There are some reasons for this.t
Firstly, during the school holidays, many children who dont have much on their
minds can attend their local activity centers. It will keep them busy and they can also learn to
do lots of different things. Another reason is children can encourage others to attend the local
activity centers. Children will not get bored because they can have lots of fun. Finally, it
might stop children from vandalizing properties that dont belong to them because they can
go to the activity centers, have fun, and enjoy themselves.
These are the main reasons why I think we should have more activity centers. It will
be educational and a very good experience for lots of children.
1. What is the text about?
A. The importance of constructing more activity centers
B. The need for making children busy and have fun
C. A way of preventing children from getting bored
D. The reasons for having educational experience
2. It can be inferred from the text that .
A. Canterbury Council has constructed many activity centers
B. There are only few activity centers in most local areas
C. Activity centers tend to make children hang around
D. The construction of more activity centers is useless
3. How does the writer feel if more activity centers are constructed in most local areas?
A. excited
B. interested
C. disappointed
D. encouraged
4. The word this (sentence 2 paragraph 1) refers to .
A. Canterbury Councils proposal to construct activity center
B. Keeping children busy and have fun in the holidays
C. The construction of more local activity centers
D. Learning how to do certain things
5. The word encourage (sentence 3 paragraph 2) can be best replaced by the word ...
A. explain
B. motivate
C. describe
D. prevent
Text 2 (question 6 10)
Solar energy has many uses. In many parts of the world, people are building solar
houses with large numbers of windows to collect the heat of the sun. Solar collectors can
make hot water from sun light. The rays of the sun heat water in a solar collector, and the hot
water goes into storage tank. People can use the hot water for washing or for heating their
houses. In the future, people may use the rays of the sun to make electricity for their homes.
They will use photovoltaic cells to make electricity from sun light.

The sun is an important new source of energy. It is less expensive than oil or
nuclear energy. Furthermore, it does not cause pollution and it is not as dangerous as nuclear
power. Many people think that solar energy will be the answer to our future energy problems.
6. What is the best title for the text?
A. Energy Problems
B. Solar Houses
C. Sources of Power
D. Solar Energy
7. What is called the new source of energy?
A. the light
B. the sun
C. the oil
D. the nucleus
8. What can a solar collector do?
A. answering our future energy problems
B. making electricity from sunlight
C. using hot water for washing
D. making hot water from sunlight
9.Where are people building solar houses?
A. in the areas where people have energy problems
B. in all parts of the world
C. in the areas where there is no electricity
D. in places where there is the light of the sun
10.What problems may solar energy solve?
A. Water storages
B. Future energy problems
C. Storage problems
D. Oil or nuclear energy
B. Answer Key
1. A
Explanation: it can be seen from the keywords used in the text. They match with option A.
Each paragraph tells about option A.
2. B
Explanation: the phrase should construct more activity centers indicates that now there are
only a few that existed.

3. A
Explanation: If more activity centers are constructed in most local areas, the writers hope
will be realized. The writer must feel excited.
4. C
Explanation: The word this (sentence 2 paragraph 1) refers to the construction of more
local activity centers. This replaces the thing having been mentioned before.
5. B
Explanation: The word encourage means to make someone more likely to do something, or
to make something more likely to happen. So, it is just the same as motivate.
6. D
Explanation: to find the best title, readers need to search the idea or the words that are talked
about and appeared very often.
7. B
The answer is stated in the text (paragraph 2 sentence 1).
8.

D
The answer is stated in the text (paragraph 1 sentence 3).
9. D
The answer is inferred in the text (paragraph 1 sentence 2).
10. B
The answer is stated in the text (paragraph 2, last sentence)

C. Scoring Rubric
Uraian
Jawaban Benar
Jawaban Salah

Nilai
1
0

Untuk setiap jawaban yang benar diberi skor 1, dan untuk setiap jawaban yang salah
diberi skor 0. Ada 10 soal, maka jumlah skor maksimal adalah 10. Nilai siswa diambil dari
jumlah skor (jawaban benar) dibagi jumlah seluruh soal (10) dikalikan seratus. Seh ingga
nilai maksimal yang dicapai siswa adalah 100.

Jawaban benar
10

X 100

Misalnya Santi berhasil menjawab 7 pertanyaan dengan benar dan 3 lainnya salah, maka
nilai yang diperoleh Santi adalah:

Nilai =

7
10

= 70
Jadi nilai yang diperoleh Andi adalah 70

X 100

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