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Confirming Pages

APPENDIX

PROPERTY TABLES AND


CHARTS (ENGLISH UNITS)

Table A1E
Table A2E
Table A3E
Table A4E
Table A5E
Table A6E
Table A7E
Table A8E
Figure A9E
Figure A10E
Table A11E
Table A12E
Table A13E
Figure A14E
Table A16E
Table A17E
Table A18E
Table A19E
Table A20E
Table A21E
Table A22E
Table A23E
Table A26E

Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties 948


Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases 949
Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods
Saturated waterTemperature table
Saturated waterPressure table
Superheated water

952

954

956

958

Compressed liquid water

962

Saturated icewater vapor


T-s diagram for water

963

964

Mollier diagram for water

965

Saturated refrigerant-134aTemperature table


Saturated refrigerant-134aPressure table
Superheated refrigerant-134a

966

967

968

P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a

970

Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude

971

Ideal-gas properties of air 972


Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 974
Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2

976

Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 978


Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO 980
Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2

982

Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O

983

Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and


absolute entropy at 778C, 1 atm 985

Table A27E Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons 986


Figure A31E Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure 987

947

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948
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A1E
Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties
Gas constant, R

Critical-point properties

Substance

Molar
mass, M
Formula lbm/lbmol

Btu/
lbm?R*

psia?ft3/
lbm?R*

Temperature,
R

Air
Ammonia
Argon
Benzene
Bromine
n-Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorine
Chloroform
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12)
Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21)
Ethane
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene
Helium
n-Hexane
Hydrogen (normal)
Krypton
Methane
Methyl alcohol
Methyl chloride
Neon
Nitrogen
Nitrous oxide
Oxygen
Propane
Propylene
Sulfur dioxide
Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a)
Trichlorofluoromethane (R-11)
Water
Xenon

28.97
NH3
17.03
Ar
39.948
C6H6
78.115
Br2
159.808
C4H10
58.124
CO2
44.01
CO
28.011
CCl4
153.82
Cl2
70.906
CHCl3
119.38
CCl2F2 120.91
CHCl2F 102.92
C2H6
30.020
C2H5OH 46.07
C2H4
28.054
He
4.003
C6H14
86.178
H2
2.016
Kr
83.80
CH4
16.043
CH3OH
32.042
CH3Cl
50.488
Ne
20.183
N2
28.013
N2O
44.013
O2
31.999
C3H8
44.097
C3H6
42.081
SO2
64.063
CF3CH2F 102.03
CCl3F
137.37
H2O
18.015
Xe
131.30

0.06855
0.1166
0.04971
0.02542
0.01243
0.03417
0.04513
0.07090
0.01291
0.02801
0.01664
0.01643
0.01930
0.06616
0.04311
0.07079
0.4961
0.02305
0.9851
0.02370
0.1238
0.06198
0.03934
0.09840
0.07090
0.04512
0.06206
0.04504
0.04719
0.03100
0.01946
0.01446
0.1102
0.01513

0.3704
0.6301
0.2686
0.1374
0.06714
0.1846
0.2438
0.3831
0.06976
0.1517
0.08988
0.08874
0.1043
0.3574
0.2329
0.3825
2.6809
0.1245
5.3224
0.1280
0.6688
0.3349
0.2125
0.5316
0.3830
0.2438
0.3353
0.2433
0.2550
1.1675
0.1052
0.07811
0.5956
0.08172

238.5
729.8
272
1012
1052
765.2
547.5
240
1001.5
751
965.8
692.4
813.0
549.8
929.0
508.3
9.5
914.2
59.9
376.9
343.9
923.7
749.3
80.1
227.1
557.4
278.6
665.9
656.9
775.2
673.6
848.1
1164.8
521.55

Pressure,
psia

Volume,
ft3/lbmol

547
1636
705
714
1500
551
1071
507
661
1120
794
582
749
708
926
742
33.2
439
188.1
798
673
1154
968
395
492
1054
736
617
670
1143
588.7
635
3200
852

1.41
1.16
1.20
4.17
2.17
4.08
1.51
1.49
4.42
1.99
3.85
3.49
3.16
2.37
2.68
1.99
0.926
5.89
1.04
1.48
1.59
1.89
2.29
0.668
1.44
1.54
1.25
3.20
2.90
1.95
3.19
3.97
0.90
1.90

*Calculated from R 5 Ru /M, where Ru 5 1.98588 Btu/lbmol?R 5 10.7316 psia?ft3/lbmol?R and M is the molar mass.
Source of Data: K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr., Chemical Review 52 (1953), pp. 117236, and ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta, GA: American
Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993), pp. 16.4 and 36.1.

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949
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A2E
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases
(a) At 808F
Gas

Formula

Air
Argon
Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Ethane
Ethylene
Helium
Hydrogen
Methane
Neon
Nitrogen
Octane
Oxygen
Propane
Steam

Ar
C4H10
CO2
CO
C2H6
C2H4
He
H2
CH4
Ne
N2
C8H18
O2
C3H8
H2O

Gas constant, R
Btu/lbm?R
0.06855
0.04971
0.03424
0.04513
0.07090
0.06616
0.07079
0.4961
0.9851
0.1238
0.09840
0.07090
0.01742
0.06206
0.04504
0.1102

cp
Btu/lbm?R
0.240
0.1253
0.415
0.203
0.249
0.427
0.411
1.25
3.43
0.532
0.246
0.248
0.409
0.219
0.407
0.445

cv
Btu/lbm?R

0.171
0.0756
0.381
0.158
0.178
0.361
0.340
0.753
2.44
0.403
0.1477
0.177
0.392
0.157
0.362
0.335

1.400
1.667
1.09
1.285
1.399
1.183
1.208
1.667
1.404
1.32
1.667
1.400
1.044
1.395
1.124
1.329

Source of Data: Gordon J. Van Wylen and Richard E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, English/SI Version, 3rd ed.
(New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1986), p. 687, Table A8E.

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950
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A2E
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued)
(b) At various temperatures
Temp.,
8F

cp
Btu/lbm?R

cv
Btu/lbm?R

cp
Btu/lbm?R

Air

cv
Btu/lbm?R

Carbon dioxide, C02

40
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1500
2000

0.240
0.240
0.241
0.243
0.245
0.248
0.250
0.254
0.257
0.259
0.263
0.276
0.286

0.171
0.172
0.173
0.174
0.176
0.179
0.182
0.185
0.188
0.191
0.195
0.208
0.217
Hydrogen, H2

1.401
1.400
1.397
1.394
1.389
1.383
1.377
1.371
1.365
1.358
1.353
1.330
1.312

0.195
0.205
0.217
0.229
0.239
0.247
0.255
0.262
0.269
0.275
0.280
0.298
0.312

40
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1500
2000

3.397
3.426
3.451
3.461
3.466
3.469
3.473
3.477
3.494
3.502
3.513
3.618
3.758

2.412
2.441
2.466
2.476
2.480
2.484
2.488
2.492
2.509
2.519
2.528
2.633
2.773

1.409
1.404
1.399
1.398
1.397
1.397
1.396
1.395
1.393
1.392
1.390
1.374
1.355

0.248
0.248
0.249
0.250
0.251
0.254
0.256
0.260
0.262
0.265
0.269
0.283
0.293

0.150
0.160
0.172
0.184
0.193
0.202
0.210
0.217
0.224
0.230
0.235
0.253
0.267
Nitrogen, N2
0.177
0.178
0.178
0.179
0.180
0.183
0.185
0.189
0.191
0.194
0.198
0.212
0.222

cp
Btu/lbm?R

cv
Btu/lbm?R

Carbon monoxide, CO

1.300
1.283
1.262
1.246
1.233
1.223
1.215
1.208
1.202
1.197
1.192
1.178
1.169

0.248
0.249
0.249
0.251
0.253
0.256
0.259
0.262
0.266
0.269
0.273
0.287
0.297

0.177
0.178
0.179
0.180
0.182
0.185
0.188
0.191
0.195
0.198
0.202
0.216
0.226
Oxygen, O2

1.400
1.399
1.397
1.394
1.389
1.384
1.377
1.371
1.364
1.357
1.351
1.328
1.314

1.400
1.399
1.398
1.396
1.393
1.388
1.383
1.377
1.371
1.364
1.359
1.334
1.319

0.219
0.220
0.223
0.226
0.230
0.235
0.239
0.242
0.246
0.249
0.252
0.263
0.270

0.156
0.158
0.161
0.164
0.168
0.173
0.177
0.181
0.184
0.187
0.190
0.201
0.208

1.397
1.394
1.387
1.378
1.368
1.360
1.352
1.344
1.337
1.331
1.326
1.309
1.298

Note: The unit Btu/lbm?R is equivalent to Btu/lbm?8F.


Source of Data: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), p. 830, Table A4. Originally published in Tables of Properties of
Gases, NBS Circular 564, 1955.

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951
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A2E
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded)
(c) As a function of temperature
c#p 5 a 1 bT 1 cT 2 1 dT 3
(T in R, cp in Btu/lbmol?R)
Substance
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Air
Hydrogen
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Water vapor
Nitric oxide
Nitrous oxide
Nitrogen dioxide
Ammonia
Sulfur
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide
Acetylene
Benzene
Methanol
Ethanol
Hydrogen chloride
Methane
Ethane
Propane
n-Butane
i-Butane
n-Pentane
n-Hexane
Ethylene
Propylene

Formula
N2
O2

H2
CO
CO2
H2O
NO
N2 O
NO2
NH3
S2
SO2
SO3
C2H2
C6H6
CH4O
C2H6O
HCl
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C2H4
C3H6

b
1022

Temperature % error
range, R
Max. Avg.

d
1025

6.903
20.02085 3
0.05957 3
6.085
0.2017 3 1022 20.05275 3 1025
6.713
0.02609 3 1022
0.03540 3 1025
6.952
20.02542 3 1022
0.02952 3 1025
6.726
0.02222 3 1022
0.03960 3 1025
5.316
0.79361 3 1022 20.2581 3 1025
7.700
0.02552 3 1022
0.07781 3 1025
7.008
20.01247 3 1022
0.07185 3 1025
5.758
0.7780 3 1022 20.2596 3 1025
5.48
0.7583 3 1022
20.260 3 1025
6.5846
0.34028 3 1022 0.073034 3 1025
6.499
0.2943 3 1022 20.1200 3 1025
6.157
0.7689 3 1022 20.2810 3 1025
3.918
1.935 3 1022 20.8256 3 1025
5.21
1.2227 3 1022 20.4812 3 1025
28.650
6.4322 3 1022
22.327 3 1025
4.55
1.214 3 1022 20.0898 3 1025
4.75
2.781 3 1022 20.7651 3 1025
7.244
20.1011 3 1022
0.09783 3 1025
4.750
0.6666 3 1022
0.09352 3 1025
1.648
2.291 3 1022 20.4722 3 1025
20.966
4.044 3 1022
21.159 3 1025
0.945
4.929 3 1022
21.352 3 1025
21.890
5.520 3 1022
21.696 3 1025
1.618
6.028 3 1022
21.656 3 1025
1.657
7.328 3 1022
22.112 3 1025
0.944
2.075 3 1022 20.6151 3 1025
0.753
3.162 3 1022 20.8981 3 1025

20.1176
0.05372
20.08052
20.03565
20.09100
0.3059
20.1472
20.1715
0.4331
0.322
20.27402
0.1632
0.3527
1.328
0.7457
3.179
20.329
0.821
20.1776
20.4510
0.2984
1.300
1.433
2.044
1.732
2.363
0.7326
1.008

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029
1029

491-3240
491-3240
491-3240
491-3240
491-3240
491-3240
491-3240
491-2700
491-2700
491-2700
491-2700
491-3240
491-3240
491-2340
491-2700
491-2700
491-1800
491-2700
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740
491-2740

0.59
1.19
0.72
1.02
0.89
0.67
0.53
0.97
0.59
0.46
0.91
0.99
0.45
0.29
1.46
0.34
0.18
0.40
0.22
1.33
0.83
0.40
0.54
0.25
0.56
0.72
0.54
0.73

0.34
0.28
0.33
0.26
0.37
0.22
0.24
0.36
0.26
0.18
0.36
0.38
0.24
0.13
0.59
0.20
0.08
0.22
0.08
0.57
0.28
0.12
0.24
0.13
0.21
0.20
0.13
0.17

Source of Data: B.G. Kyle, Chemical and Process Thermodynamics, 3rd ed. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000).

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952
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A3E
Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods
(a) Liquids
Boiling data at 1 atm

Substance
Ammonia

Normal
boiling
point, 8F
227.9

Latent heat of
vaporization,
hfg Btu/lbm
24.54

Freezing data
Freezing
point, 8F

Liquid properties

Latent heat
of fusion,
hif Btu/lbm

2107.9

138.6

Argon
Benzene
Brine (20%
sodium chloride
by mass)
n-Butane
Carbon dioxide
Ethanol
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene glycol
Glycerine
Helium
Hydrogen
Isobutane
Kerosene
Mercury
Methane

2302.6
176.4

69.5
169.4

2308.7
41.9

12.0
54.2

219.0
31.1
2109.2*
172.8
173.5
388.6
355.8
2452.1
2423.0
10.9
399559
674.1
2258.7

165.6
99.6 (at 328F)
360.5
368
344.0
419
9.80
191.7
157.8
108
126.7
219.6

0.7
2217.3
269.8
2173.6
2248.8
12.6
66.0

2434.5
2255.5
212.8
238.0
296.0

34.5

46.9
46.4
77.9
86.3

25.6
45.5

4.90
25.1

Methanol
Nitrogen

148.1
2320.4

473
85.4

2143.9
2346.0

42.7
10.9

Octane
Oil (light)
Oxygen
Petroleum
Propane

256.6

2297.3

243.7

131.7

91.5
99165
184.0

271.5

77.9

2361.8

5.9

2305.8

34.4

2141.9

32

143.5

Refrigerant-134a

215.0

Water

212

93.3

970.1

Temperature,
8F

Density,
r lbm/ft3

Specific
heat, cp
Btu/lbm?R

227.9
0
40
80
2302.6
68

42.6
41.3
39.5
37.5
87.0
54.9

1.06
1.083
1.103
1.135
0.272
0.411

68
31.1
32
77
68
68
68
2452.1
2423.0
10.9
68
77
2258.7
2160
77
2320.4
2260
68
77
2297.3
68
243.7
32
100
240
215
32
90
32
90
150
212

71.8
37.5
57.8
48.9
49.3
69.2
78.7
9.13
4.41
37.1
51.2
847
26.4
20.0
49.1
50.5
38.2
43.9
56.8
71.2
40.0
36.3
33.0
29.4
88.5
86.0
80.9
73.6
62.4
62.1
61.2
59.8

0.743
0.552
0.583
0.588
0.678
0.678
0.554
5.45
2.39
0.545
0.478
0.033
0.834
1.074
0.609
0.492
0.643
0.502
0.430
0.408
0.478
0.538
0.604
0.673
0.283
0.294
0.318
0.348
1.01
1.00
1.00
1.01

*Sublimation temperature. (At pressures below the triple-point pressure of 75.1 psia, carbon dioxide exists as a solid or gas. Also, the freezing-point temperature
of carbon dioxide is the triple-point temperature of 269.88F.)

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Confirming Pages
953
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A3E
Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods (Concluded)
(b) Solids (values are for room temperature unless indicated otherwise)
Specific
heat, cp
Btu/lbm?R

Density,
r lbm/ft3

Substance

Density,
r lbm/ft3

Substance

Metals

Specific
heat, cp
Btu/lbm?R

Nonmetals

Aluminum
21008F
328F
1008F
2008F
3008F
4008F
5008F
Bronze (76% Cu, 2% Zn,
2% Al)
Brass, yellow (65% Cu,
35% Zn)
Copper
2608F
08F
1008F
2008F
3908F
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Nickel
Silver
Steel, mild
Tungsten

517

0.192
0.212
0.218
0.224
0.229
0.235
0.240
0.0955

519

0.0955

170

Asphalt
132
Brick, common
120
Brick, fireclay (5008C)
144
Concrete
144
Clay
62.4
Diamond
151
Glass, window
169
Glass, pyrex
139
Graphite
156
Granite
169
Gypsum or plaster board
50
Ice
2508F
08F
208F
328 F
57.5
Limestone
103
Marble 162
0.210
Plywood (Douglas fir)
34.0
Rubber (hard)
68.7
Rubber (soft)
71.8
Sand
94.9
Stone
93.6
Woods, hard (maple, oak, etc.)
45.0
Woods, soft (fir, pine, etc.)
32.0

0.0862
0.0893
0.0925
0.0938
0.0963
0.107
0.030
0.239
0.105
0.056
0.119
0.031

555

490
705
108
555
655
489
1211

0.220
0.189
0.229
0.156
0.220
0.147
0.191
0.200
0.170
0.243
0.260
0.424
0.471
0.491
0.502
0.217

(c) Foods

Food

Water
content,
% (mass)

Apples
Bananas
Beef round
Broccoli
Butter
Cheese, Swiss
Cherries
Chicken
Corn, sweet
Eggs, whole
Ice cream

84
75
67
90
16
39
80
74
74
74
63

Specific heat,
Btu/lbm?R

Freezing
point,
8F

Above
freezing

Below
freezing

Latent
heat of
fusion,
Btu/lbm

30
31

31

14
29
27
31
31
22

0.873
0.801
0.737
0.921

0.513
0.841
0.793
0.793
0.793
0.705

0.453
0.426
0.402
0.471
0.249
0.318
0.441
0.423
0.423
0.423
0.390

121
108
96
129
23
56
115
106
106
106
90

Food
Lettuce
Milk, whole
Oranges
Potatoes
Salmon fish
Shrimp
Spinach
Strawberries
Tomatoes, ripe
Turkey
Watermelon

Specific heat,
Btu/lbm?R

Water
content,
%
(mass)

Freezing
point,
8F

Above
freezing

95
88
87
78
64
83
93
90
94
64
93

32
31
31
31
28
28
31
31
31

31

0.961
0.905
0.897
0.825
0.713
0.865
0.945
0.921
0.953
0.713
0.945

Latent
heat of
Below
fusion,
freezing Btu/lbm
0.487
0.465
0.462
0.435
0.393
0.450
0.481
0.471
0.484
0.393
0.481

136
126
125
112
92
119
134
129
135
92
134

Source of Data: Values are obtained from various handbooks and other sources or are calculated. Water content and freezing-point data of foods are from
ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals, I-P version (Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993),
Chap. 30, Table 1. Freezing point is the temperature at which freezing starts for fruits and vegetables, and the average freezing temperature for other foods.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 953

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Confirming Pages
954
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A4E
Saturated waterTemperature table
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm
Temp.,
T 8F

Sat.
press.,
Psat psia

32.018 0.08871

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm
Sat.
liquid,
uf

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

35
40
45
50

0.09998
0.12173
0.14756
0.17812

0.01602
0.01602
0.01602
0.01602
0.01602

3299.9
2945.7
2443.6
2035.8
1703.1

0.000
3.004
8.032
13.05
18.07

1021.0
1019.0
1015.6
1012.2
1008.9

1021.0
1022.0
1023.7
1025.3
1026.9

0.000
3.004
8.032
13.05
18.07

1075.2
1073.5
1070.7
1067.8
1065.0

1075.2
1076.5
1078.7
1080.9
1083.1

0.00000
0.00609
0.01620
0.02620
0.03609

2.18672
2.17011
2.14271
2.11587
2.08956

2.1867
2.1762
2.1589
2.1421
2.1256

55
60
65
70
75

0.21413
0.25638
0.30578
0.36334
0.43016

0.01603
0.01604
0.01604
0.01605
0.01606

1430.4
1206.1
1020.8
867.18
739.27

23.07
28.08
33.08
38.08
43.07

1005.5
1002.1
998.76
995.39
992.02

1028.6
1030.2
1031.8
1033.5
1035.1

23.07
28.08
33.08
38.08
43.07

1062.2
1059.4
1056.5
1053.7
1050.9

1085.3
1087.4
1089.6
1091.8
1093.9

0.04586
0.05554
0.06511
0.07459
0.08398

2.06377
2.03847
2.01366
1.98931
1.96541

2.1096
2.0940
2.0788
2.0639
2.0494

80
85
90
95
100

0.50745
0.59659
0.69904
0.81643
0.95052

0.01607
0.01609
0.01610
0.01612
0.01613

632.41
542.80
467.40
403.74
349.83

48.06
53.06
58.05
63.04
68.03

988.65
985.28
981.90
978.52
975.14

1036.7
1038.3
1040.0
1041.6
1043.2

48.07
53.06
58.05
63.04
68.03

1048.0
1045.2
1042.4
1039.5
1036.7

1096.1
1098.3
1100.4
1102.6
1104.7

0.09328
0.10248
0.11161
0.12065
0.12961

1.94196
1.91892
1.89630
1.87408
1.85225

2.0352
2.0214
2.0079
1.9947
1.9819

110
120
130
140
150

1.2767
1.6951
2.2260
2.8931
3.7234

0.01617
0.01620
0.01625
0.01629
0.01634

264.96
202.94
157.09
122.81
96.929

78.01
88.00
97.99
107.98
117.98

968.36
961.56
954.73
947.87
940.98

1046.4
1049.6
1052.7
1055.9
1059.0

78.02
88.00
97.99
107.99
117.99

1031.0
1025.2
1019.4
1013.6
1007.8

1109.0
1113.2
1117.4
1121.6
1125.7

0.14728
0.16466
0.18174
0.19855
0.21508

1.80970
1.76856
1.72877
1.69024
1.65291

1.9570
1.9332
1.9105
1.8888
1.8680

160
170
180
190
200

4.7474
5.9999
7.5197
9.3497
11.538

0.01639
0.01645
0.01651
0.01657
0.01663

77.185
61.982
50.172
40.920
33.613

127.98
138.00
148.02
158.05
168.10

934.05
927.08
920.06
912.99
905.87

1062.0
1065.1
1068.1
1071.0
1074.0

128.00
138.02
148.04
158.08
168.13

1001.8
995.88
989.85
983.76
977.60

1129.8
1133.9
1137.9
1141.8
1145.7

0.23136
0.24739
0.26318
0.27874
0.29409

1.61670
1.58155
1.54741
1.51421
1.48191

1.8481
1.8289
1.8106
1.7930
1.7760

210
212
220
230
240

14.136
14.709
17.201
20.795
24.985

0.01670
0.01671
0.01677
0.01684
0.01692

27.798
26.782
23.136
19.374
16.316

178.15
180.16
188.22
198.31
208.41

898.68
897.24
891.43
884.10
876.70

1076.8
1077.4
1079.6
1082.4
1085.1

178.20
180.21
188.28
198.37
208.49

971.35
970.09
965.02
958.59
952.06

1149.5
1150.3
1153.3
1157.0
1160.5

0.30922
0.31222
0.32414
0.33887
0.35342

1.45046
1.44427
1.41980
1.38989
1.36069

1.7597
1.7565
1.7439
1.7288
1.7141

250
260
270
280
290

29.844
35.447
41.877
49.222
57.573

0.01700
0.01708
0.01717
0.01726
0.01735

13.816
11.760
10.059
8.6439
7.4607

218.54
228.68
238.85
249.04
259.26

869.21
861.62
853.94
846.16
838.27

1087.7
1090.3
1092.8
1095.2
1097.5

218.63
228.79
238.98
249.20
259.45

945.41
938.65
931.76
924.74
917.57

1164.0
1167.4
1170.7
1173.9
1177.0

0.36779
0.38198
0.39601
0.40989
0.42361

1.33216
1.30425
1.27694
1.25018
1.22393

1.6999
1.6862
1.6730
1.6601
1.6475

300
310
320
330
340

67.028
77.691
89.667
103.07
118.02

0.01745
0.01755
0.01765
0.01776
0.01787

6.4663
5.6266
4.9144
4.3076
3.7885

269.51
279.79
290.11
300.46
310.85

830.25
822.11
813.84
805.43
796.87

1099.8
1101.9
1104.0
1105.9
1107.7

269.73
280.05
290.40
300.80
311.24

910.24
902.75
895.09
887.25
879.22

1180.0
1182.8
1185.5
1188.1
1190.5

0.43720
0.45065
0.46396
0.47716
0.49024

1.19818
1.17289
1.14802
1.12355
1.09945

1.6354
1.6235
1.6120
1.6007
1.5897

350
360
370
380
390

134.63
153.03
173.36
195.74
220.33

0.01799
0.01811
0.01823
0.01836
0.01850

3.3425
2.9580
2.6252
2.3361
2.0842

321.29
331.76
342.29
352.87
363.50

788.16
779.28
770.23
761.00
751.58

1109.4
1111.0
1112.5
1113.9
1115.1

321.73
332.28
342.88
353.53
364.25

870.98
862.53
853.86
844.96
835.81

1192.7
1194.8
1196.7
1198.5
1200.1

0.50321
0.51607
0.52884
0.54152
0.55411

1.07570
1.05227
1.02914
1.00628
0.98366

1.5789
1.5683
1.5580
1.5478
1.5378

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 954

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
955
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A4E
Saturated waterTemperature table (Concluded)
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R

Temp.,
T 8F

Sat.
press.,
Psat psia

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

400
410
420
430
440

247.26
276.69
308.76
343.64
381.49

0.01864
0.01878
0.01894
0.01910
0.01926

1.8639
1.6706
1.5006
1.3505
1.2178

374.19
384.94
395.76
406.65
417.61

741.97
732.14
722.08
711.80
701.26

1116.2
1117.1
1117.8
1118.4
1118.9

375.04
385.90
396.84
407.86
418.97

826.39
816.71
806.74
796.46
785.87

1201.4
1202.6
1203.6
1204.3
1204.8

0.56663
0.57907
0.59145
0.60377
0.61603

0.96127
0.93908
0.91707
0.89522
0.87349

1.5279
1.5182
1.5085
1.4990
1.4895

450
460
470
480
490

422.47
466.75
514.52
565.96
621.24

0.01944
0.01962
0.01981
0.02001
0.02022

1.0999
0.99510
0.90158
0.81794
0.74296

428.66
439.79
451.01
462.34
473.77

690.47
679.39
668.02
656.34
644.32

1119.1
1119.2
1119.0
1118.7
1118.1

430.18
441.48
452.90
464.43
476.09

774.94
763.65
751.98
739.91
727.40

1205.1
1205.1
1204.9
1204.3
1203.5

0.62826
0.64044
0.65260
0.66474
0.67686

0.85187
0.83033
0.80885
0.78739
0.76594

1.4801
1.4708
1.4615
1.4521
1.4428

500
510
520
530
540

680.56
744.11
812.11
884.74
962.24

0.02044
0.02067
0.02092
0.02118
0.02146

0.67558
0.61489
0.56009
0.51051
0.46553

485.32
496.99
508.80
520.76
532.88

631.94
619.17
605.99
592.35
578.23

1117.3
1116.2
1114.8
1113.1
1111.1

487.89
499.84
511.94
524.23
536.70

714.44
700.99
687.01
672.47
657.31

1202.3
1200.8
1199.0
1196.7
1194.0

0.68899
0.70112
0.71327
0.72546
0.73770

0.74445
0.72290
0.70126
0.67947
0.65751

1.4334
1.4240
1.4145
1.4049
1.3952

550
560
570
580
590

1044.8
1132.7
1226.2
1325.5
1430.8

0.02176
0.02207
0.02242
0.02279
0.02319

0.42465
0.38740
0.35339
0.32225
0.29367

545.18
557.68
570.40
583.37
596.61

563.58
548.33
532.45
515.84
498.43

1108.8
1106.0
1102.8
1099.2
1095.0

549.39
562.31
575.49
588.95
602.75

641.47
624.91
607.55
589.29
570.04

1190.9
1187.2
1183.0
1178.2
1172.8

0.75000
0.76238
0.77486
0.78748
0.80026

0.63532
0.61284
0.59003
0.56679
0.54306

1.3853
1.3752
1.3649
1.3543
1.3433

600
610
620
630
640

1542.5
1660.9
1786.2
1918.9
2059.3

0.02362
0.02411
0.02464
0.02524
0.02593

0.26737
0.24309
0.22061
0.19972
0.18019

610.18
624.11
638.47
653.35
668.86

480.10
460.73
440.14
418.12
394.36

1090.3
1084.8
1078.6
1071.5
1063.2

616.92
631.52
646.62
662.32
678.74

549.67
528.03
504.92
480.07
453.14

1166.6
1159.5
1151.5
1142.4
1131.9

0.81323
0.82645
0.83998
0.85389
0.86828

0.51871
0.49363
0.46765
0.44056
0.41206

1.3319
1.3201
1.3076
1.2944
1.2803

650
660
670
680
690

2207.8
2364.9
2531.2
2707.3
2894.1

0.02673
0.02767
0.02884
0.03035
0.03255

0.16184
0.14444
0.12774
0.11134
0.09451

685.16
702.48
721.23
742.11
766.81

368.44
339.74
307.22
269.00
220.77

1053.6
1042.2
1028.5
1011.1
987.6

696.08
714.59
734.74
757.32
784.24

423.65
390.84
353.54
309.57
253.96

1119.7
1105.4
1088.3
1066.9
1038.2

0.88332
0.89922
0.91636
0.93541
0.95797

0.38177
0.34906
0.31296
0.27163
0.22089

1.2651
1.2483
1.2293
1.2070
1.1789

700
3093.0
705.10 3200.1

0.03670
0.04975

0.07482 801.75
0.04975 866.61

146.50
0

948.3
866.6

822.76
896.07

168.32
0

991.1
896.1

0.99023
1.05257

0.14514
0

1.1354
1.0526

Source of Data: Tables A4E through A8E are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S. A. Klein and F. L. Alvarado. The
routine used in calculations is the highly accurate Steam_IAPWS, which incorporates the 1995 Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water
Substance for General and Scientific Use, issued by The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS). This formulation replaces
the 1984 formulation of Haar, Gallagher, and Kell (NBS/NRC Steam Tables, Hemisphere Publishing Co., 1984), which is also available in EES as the routine
STEAM. The new formulation is based on the correlations of Saul and Wagner (J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 16, 893, 1987) with modifications to adjust to the
International Temperature Scale of 1990. The modifications are described by Wagner and Pruss (J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 22, 783, 1993). The properties of
ice are based on Hyland and Wexler, Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of the Saturated Phases of H2O from 173.15 K to 473.15 K, ASHRAE
Trans., Part 2A, Paper 2793, 1983.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 955

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
956
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A5E
Saturated waterPressure table
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm
Press.,
P psia

Sat.
temp.,
Tsat 8F

Sat.
liquid,
vf

1
2
3
4
5

101.69
126.02
141.41
152.91
162.18

0.01614
0.01623
0.01630
0.01636
0.01641

6
8
10
14.696
15

170.00
182.81
193.16
211.95
212.99

20
25
30
35
40

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

333.49
173.71
118.70
90.629
73.525

69.72
94.02
109.39
120.89
130.17

973.99
957.45
946.90
938.97
932.53

1043.7
1051.5
1056.3
1059.9
1062.7

69.72
94.02
109.40
120.90
130.18

1035.7
1021.7
1012.8
1006.0
1000.5

1105.4
1115.8
1122.2
1126.9
1130.7

0.13262
0.17499
0.20090
0.21985
0.23488

1.84495
1.74444
1.68489
1.64225
1.60894

1.9776
1.9194
1.8858
1.8621
1.8438

0.01645
0.01652
0.01659
0.01671
0.01672

61.982
47.347
38.425
26.805
26.297

138.00
150.83
161.22
180.12
181.16

927.08
918.08
910.75
897.27
896.52

1065.1
1068.9
1072.0
1077.4
1077.7

138.02
150.86
161.25
180.16
181.21

995.88
988.15
981.82
970.12
969.47

1133.9
1139.0
1143.1
1150.3
1150.7

0.24739
0.26757
0.28362
0.31215
0.31370

1.58155
1.53800
1.50391
1.44441
1.44441

1.8289
1.8056
1.7875
1.7566
1.7549

227.92
240.03
250.30
259.25
267.22

0.01683
0.01692
0.01700
0.01708
0.01715

20.093
16.307
13.749
11.901
10.501

196.21
208.45
218.84
227.92
236.02

885.63
876.67
868.98
862.19
856.09

1081.8
1085.1
1087.8
1090.1
1092.1

196.27
208.52
218.93
228.03
236.14

959.93
952.03
945.21
939.16
933.69

1156.2
1160.6
1164.1
1167.2
1169.8

0.33582
0.35347
0.36821
0.38093
0.39213

1.39606
1.36060
1.33132
1.30632
1.28448

1.7319
1.7141
1.6995
1.6872
1.6766

45
50
55
60
65

274.41
280.99
287.05
292.69
297.95

0.01721
0.01727
0.01732
0.01738
0.01743

9.4028
8.5175
7.7882
7.1766
6.6560

243.34
250.05
256.25
262.01
267.41

850.52
845.39
840.61
836.13
831.90

1093.9
1095.4
1096.9
1098.1
1099.3

243.49
250.21
256.42
262.20
267.62

928.68
924.03
919.70
915.61
911.75

1172.2
1174.2
1176.1
1177.8
1179.4

0.40216
0.41125
0.41958
0.42728
0.43443

1.26506
1.24756
1.23162
1.21697
1.20341

1.6672
1.6588
1.6512
1.6442
1.6378

70
75
80
85
90

302.91
307.59
312.02
316.24
320.26

0.01748
0.01752
0.01757
0.01761
0.01765

6.2075
5.8167
5.4733
5.1689
4.8972

272.50
277.31
281.87
286.22
290.38

827.90
824.09
820.45
816.97
813.62

1100.4
1101.4
1102.3
1103.2
1104.0

272.72
277.55
282.13
286.50
290.67

908.08
904.58
901.22
898.00
894.89

1180.8
1182.1
1183.4
1184.5
1185.6

0.44112
0.44741
0.45335
0.45897
0.46431

1.19078
1.17895
1.16783
1.15732
1.14737

1.6319
1.6264
1.6212
1.6163
1.6117

95
100
110
120
130

324.11
327.81
334.77
341.25
347.32

0.01770
0.01774
0.01781
0.01789
0.01796

4.6532
4.4327
4.0410
3.7289
3.4557

294.36
298.19
305.41
312.16
318.48

810.40
807.29
801.37
795.79
790.51

1104.8
1105.5
1106.8
1107.9
1109.0

294.67
298.51
305.78
312.55
318.92

891.89
888.99
883.44
878.20
873.21

1186.6
1187.5
1189.2
1190.8
1192.1

0.46941
0.47427
0.48341
0.49187
0.49974

1.13791
1.12888
1.11201
1.09646
1.08204

1.6073
1.6032
1.5954
1.5883
1.5818

140
150
160
170
180

353.03
358.42
363.54
368.41
373.07

0.01802
0.01809
0.01815
0.01821
0.01827

3.2202
3.0150
2.8347
2.6749
2.5322

324.45
330.11
335.49
340.62
345.53

785.49
780.69
776.10
771.68
767.42

1109.9
1110.8
1111.6
1112.3
1113.0

324.92
330.61
336.02
341.19
346.14

868.45
863.88
859.49
855.25
851.16

1193.4
1194.5
1195.5
1196.4
1197.3

0.50711
0.51405
0.52061
0.52682
0.53274

1.06858
1.05595
1.04405
1.03279
1.02210

1.5757
1.5700
1.5647
1.5596
1.5548

190
200
250
300
350

377.52
381.80
400.97
417.35
431.74

0.01833
0.01839
0.01865
0.01890
0.01912

2.4040
2.2882
1.8440
1.5435
1.3263

350.24
354.78
375.23
392.89
408.55

763.31
759.32
741.02
724.77
709.98

1113.6
1114.1
1116.3
1117.7
1118.5

350.89
355.46
376.09
393.94
409.79

847.19
843.33
825.47
809.41
794.65

1198.1
1198.8
1201.6
1203.3
1204.4

0.53839
0.54379
0.56784
0.58818
0.60590

1.01191
1.00219
0.95912
0.92289
0.89143

1.5503
1.5460
1.5270
1.5111
1.4973

400
450
500
550
600

444.62
456.31
467.04
476.97
486.24

0.01934
0.01955
0.01975
0.01995
0.02014

1.1617
1.0324
0.92819
0.84228
0.77020

422.70
435.67
447.68
458.90
469.46

696.31
683.52
671.42
659.91
648.88

1119.0
1119.2
1119.1
1118.8
1118.3

424.13
437.30
449.51
460.93
471.70

780.87
767.86
755.48
743.60
732.15

1205.0
1205.2
1205.0
1204.5
1203.9

0.62168
0.63595
0.64900
0.66107
0.67231

0.86350
0.83828
0.81521
0.79388
0.77400

1.4852
1.4742
1.4642
1.4550
1.4463

700
800

503.13
518.27

0.02051
0.02087

0.65589
0.56920

488.96
506.74

627.98
608.30

1116.9
1115.0

491.62
509.83

710.29
689.48

1201.9
1199.3

0.69279
0.71117

0.73771 1.4305
0.70502 1.4162

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 956

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
957
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A5E
Saturated waterPressure table (Concluded)
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm
Press.,
P psia

Sat.
temp.,
Tsat 8F

900
1000
1200

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

532.02
544.65
567.26

0.02124
0.02159
0.02232

0.50107
0.44604
0.36241

523.19
538.58
566.89

589.54
571.49
536.87

1112.7
1110.1
1103.8

526.73
542.57
571.85

1400
1600
1800
2000
2500

587.14
604.93
621.07
635.85
668.17

0.02307
0.02386
0.02470
0.02563
0.02860

0.30161
0.25516
0.21831
0.18815
0.13076

592.79
616.99
640.03
662.33
717.67

503.50
470.69
437.86
404.46
313.53

1096.3
1087.7
1077.9
1066.8
1031.2

3000
3200.1

695.41
705.10

0.03433
0.04975

0.08460
0.04975

783.39
866.61

186.41
0

969.8
866.6

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 957

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R
Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

669.46
650.03
612.39

1196.2
1192.6
1184.2

0.72793
0.74341
0.77143

0.67505 1.4030
0.64722 1.3906
0.59632 1.3677

598.76
624.06
648.26
671.82
730.90

575.66
539.18
502.35
464.60
360.79

1174.4
1163.2
1150.6
1136.4
1091.7

0.79658
0.81972
0.84144
0.86224
0.91311

0.54991
0.50645
0.46482
0.42409
0.31988

802.45
896.07

214.32
0

1016.8
896.1

0.97321
1.05257

0.18554 1.1587
0
1.0526

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

1.3465
1.3262
1.3063
1.2863
1.2330

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
958
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A6E
Superheated water
T
8F

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 1.0 psia (101.698F)*


Sat.

333.49
200 392.53
240 416.44
280 440.33
320 464.20
360 488.07
400 511.92
440 535.77
500 571.54
600 631.14
700 690.73
800 750.31
1000 869.47
1200 988.62
1400 1107.8

1043.7
1077.5
1091.2
1105.0
1118.9
1132.9
1147.1
1161.3
1182.8
1219.4
1256.8
1295.1
1374.2
1457.1
1543.7

1105.4
1150.1
1168.3
1186.5
1204.8
1223.3
1241.8
1260.4
1288.6
1336.2
1384.6
1433.9
1535.1
1640.0
1748.7

1.9776
2.0509
2.0777
2.1030
2.1271
2.1502
2.1722
2.1934
2.2237
2.2709
2.3146
2.3553
2.4299
2.4972
2.5590

P 5 5.0 psia (162.188F)


73.525
78.153
83.009
87.838
92.650
97.452
102.25
107.03
114.21
126.15
138.09
150.02
173.86
197.70
221.54

P 5 15 psia (212.998F)
Sat.
240
280
320
360
400
440
500
600
700
800
1000
1200
1400
1600

26.297
27.429
29.085
30.722
32.348
33.965
35.576
37.986
41.988
45.981
49.967
57.930
65.885
73.836
81.784

1077.7
1087.8
1102.4
1116.9
1131.3
1145.7
1160.1
1181.9
1218.7
1256.3
1294.6
1374.0
1456.9
1543.6
1634.0

Sat.
320
360
400
440
500
600
700
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

7.1766
7.4863
7.9259
8.3548
8.7766
9.4005
10.4256
11.4401
12.4484
14.4543
16.4525
18.4464
20.438
22.428
24.417

1150.7
1163.9
1183.2
1202.2
1221.1
1239.9
1258.8
1287.3
1335.3
1383.9
1433.3
1534.8
1639.8
1748.5
1861.0

1.7549
1.7742
1.8010
1.8260
1.8496
1.8721
1.8936
1.9243
1.9718
2.0156
2.0565
2.1312
2.1986
2.2604
2.3178

P 5 60 psia (292.698F)
1098.1
1109.6
1125.5
1140.9
1156.1
1178.8
1216.5
1254.5
1293.3
1373.0
1456.2
1543.0
1633.5
1727.6
1825.2

1177.8
1192.7
1213.5
1233.7
1253.6
1283.1
1332.2
1381.6
1431.5
1533.5
1638.9
1747.8
1860.5
1976.6
2096.3

1.6442
1.6636
1.6897
1.7138
1.7364
1.7682
1.8168
1.8613
1.9026
1.9777
2.0454
2.1073
2.1648
2.2187
2.2694

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

1062.7
1076.2
1090.3
1104.3
1118.4
1132.5
1146.7
1160.9
1182.6
1219.2
1256.7
1294.9
1374.2
1457.0
1543.7

1130.7
1148.5
1167.1
1185.6
1204.1
1222.6
1241.3
1260.0
1288.2
1335.9
1384.4
1433.7
1535.0
1640.0
1748.7

1.8438
1.8716
1.8989
1.9246
1.9490
1.9722
1.9944
2.0156
2.0461
2.0933
2.1371
2.1778
2.2524
2.3198
2.3816

P 5 10 psia (193.168F)
38.425
38.849
41.326
43.774
46.205
48.624
51.035
53.441
57.041
63.029
69.007
74.980
86.913
98.840
110.762

P 5 20 psia (227.928F)
20.093
20.478
21.739
22.980
24.209
25.429
26.644
28.458
31.467
34.467
37.461
43.438
49.407
55.373
61.335

1081.8
1086.5
1101.4
1116.1
1130.7
1145.1
1159.7
1181.6
1218.5
1256.1
1294.5
1373.8
1456.8
1543.5
1633.9

1156.2
1162.3
1181.9
1201.2
1220.2
1239.3
1258.3
1286.9
1334.9
1383.7
1433.1
1534.6
1639.7
1748.4
1860.9

1.7319
1.7406
1.7679
1.7933
1.8171
1.8398
1.8614
1.8922
1.9398
1.9837
2.0247
2.0994
2.1668
2.2287
2.2861

P 5 80 psia (312.028F)
5.4733
5.5440
5.8876
6.2187
6.5420
7.0177
7.7951
8.5616
9.3218
10.8313
12.3331
13.8306
15.3257
16.8192
18.3117

1102.3
1105.9
1122.7
1138.7
1154.3
1177.3
1215.4
1253.8
1292.6
1372.6
1455.9
1542.8
1633.3
1727.5
1825.0

1183.4
1187.9
1209.9
1230.8
1251.2
1281.2
1330.8
1380.5
1430.6
1532.9
1638.5
1747.5
1860.2
1976.5
2096.1

1.6212
1.6271
1.6545
1.6794
1.7026
1.7350
1.7841
1.8289
1.8704
1.9457
2.0135
2.0755
2.1330
2.1869
2.2376

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/ lbm?R

1072.0
1074.5
1089.1
1103.4
1117.6
1131.9
1146.2
1160.5
1182.2
1219.0
1256.5
1294.8
1374.1
1457.0
1543.6

1143.1
1146.4
1165.5
1184.4
1203.1
1221.8
1240.6
1259.4
1287.8
1335.6
1384.2
1433.5
1534.9
1639.9
1748.6

1.7875
1.7926
1.8207
1.8469
1.8716
1.8950
1.9174
1.9388
1.9693
2.0167
2.0605
2.1013
2.1760
2.2433
2.3052

P 5 40 psia (267.228F)
10.501

1092.1 1169.8 1.6766

10.713
11.363
11.999
12.625
13.244
14.165
15.686
17.197
18.702
21.700
24.691
27.678
30.662

1097.3
1112.9
1128.1
1143.1
1157.9
1180.2
1217.5
1255.3
1293.9
1373.4
1456.5
1543.3
1633.7

1176.6
1197.1
1216.9
1236.5
1256.0
1285.0
1333.6
1382.6
1432.3
1534.1
1639.3
1748.1
1860.7

1.6858
1.7128
1.7376
1.7610
1.7831
1.8143
1.8625
1.9067
1.9478
2.0227
2.0902
2.1522
2.2096

P 5 100 psia (327.818F)


4.4327

1105.5

1187.5 1.6032

4.6628
4.9359
5.2006
5.5876
6.2167
6.8344
7.4457
8.6575
9.8615
11.0612
12.2584
13.4541
14.6487

1119.8
1136.4
1152.4
1175.9
1214.4
1253.0
1292.0
1372.2
1455.6
1542.6
1633.2
1727.3
1824.9

1206.1
1227.8
1248.7
1279.3
1329.4
1379.5
1429.8
1532.4
1638.1
1747.2
1860.0
1976.3
2096.0

1.6263
1.6521
1.6759
1.7088
1.7586
1.8037
1.8453
1.9208
1.9887
2.0508
2.1083
2.1622
2.2130

*The temperature in parentheses is the saturation temperature at the specified pressure.

Properties of saturated vapor at the specified pressure.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 958

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
959
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A6E
Superheated water (Concluded)
T
8F

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 120 psia (341.258F)


Sat.
3.7289
360 3.8446
400 4.0799
450 4.3613
500 4.6340
550 4.9010
600 5.1642
700 5.6829
800 6.1950
1000 7.2083
1200 8.2137
1400 9.2149
1600 10.2135
1800 11.2106
2000 12.2067

1107.9
1116.7
1134.0
1154.5
1174.4
1193.9
1213.4
1252.2
1291.4
1371.7
1455.3
1542.3
1633.0
1727.2
1824.8

1190.8
1202.1
1224.6
1251.4
1277.3
1302.8
1328.0
1378.4
1429.0
1531.8
1637.7
1746.9
1859.8
1976.1
2095.8

1.5883
1.6023
1.6292
1.6594
1.6872
1.7131
1.7375
1.7829
1.8247
1.9005
1.9684
2.0305
2.0881
2.1420
2.1928

P 5 180 psia (373.078F)


Sat.
400
450
500
550
600
700
800
900
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

2.5322
2.6490
2.8514
3.0433
3.2286
3.4097
3.7635
4.1104
4.4531
4.7929
5.4674
6.1377
6.8054
7.4716
8.1367

1113.0
1126.3
1148.7
1169.8
1190.2
1210.2
1249.8
1289.5
1329.7
1370.5
1454.3
1541.6
1632.4
1726.7
1824.4

1197.3
1214.5
1243.7
1271.2
1297.7
1323.8
1375.2
1426.5
1478.0
1530.1
1636.5
1746.0
1859.1
1975.6
2095.4

1.5548
1.5752
1.6082
1.6376
1.6646
1.6897
1.7361
1.7785
1.8179
1.8549
1.9231
1.9855
2.0432
2.0971
2.1479

P 5 250 psia (400.978F)


Sat.
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

1.8440
2.0027
2.1506
2.2910
2.4264
2.5586
2.6883
2.9429
3.1930
3.4403
3.9295
4.4144
4.8969
5.3777
5.8575

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 959

1116.3
1141.3
1164.1
1185.6
1206.3
1226.8
1247.0
1287.3
1327.9
1369.0
1453.3
1540.8
1631.7
1726.2
1823.9

1201.6
1234.0
1263.6
1291.5
1318.6
1345.1
1371.4
1423.5
1475.6
1528.2
1635.0
1745.0
1858.3
1974.9
2094.9

1.5270
1.5636
1.5953
1.6237
1.6499
1.6743
1.6974
1.7406
1.7804
1.8177
1.8863
1.9488
2.0066
2.0607
2.1116

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm
P 5 140 psia (353.038F)

3.2202
3.2584
3.4676
3.7147
3.9525
4.1845
4.4124
4.8604
5.3017
6.1732
7.0367
7.8961
8.7529
9.6082
10.4624

1109.9
1113.4
1131.5
1152.6
1172.9
1192.7
1212.3
1251.4
1290.8
1371.3
1455.0
1542.1
1632.8
1727.0
1824.6

1193.4
1197.8
1221.4
1248.9
1275.3
1301.1
1326.6
1377.3
1428.1
1531.3
1637.3
1746.6
1859.5
1975.9
2095.7

1.5757
1.5811
1.6092
1.6403
1.6686
1.6948
1.7195
1.7652
1.8072
1.8832
1.9512
2.0134
2.0711
2.1250
2.1758

P 5 160 psia (363.548F)


2.8347

1111.6 1195.5

1.5647

3.0076
3.2293
3.4412
3.6469
3.8484
4.2434
4.6316
5.3968
6.1540
6.9070
7.6574
8.4063
9.1542

1129.0
1150.7
1171.4
1191.4
1211.3
1250.6
1290.2
1370.9
1454.7
1541.8
1632.6
1726.9
1824.5

1.5914
1.6234
1.6522
1.6788
1.7037
1.7498
1.7920
1.8682
1.9363
1.9986
2.0563
2.1102
2.1610

P 5 200 psia (381.808F)


2.2882
2.3615
2.5488
2.7247
2.8939
3.0586
3.3796
3.6934
4.0031
4.3099
4.9182
5.5222
6.1238
6.7238
7.3227

1114.1
1123.5
1146.7
1168.2
1188.9
1209.1
1249.0
1288.9
1329.2
1370.1
1454.0
1541.4
1632.2
1726.5
1824.3

1198.8
1210.9
1241.0
1269.0
1296.0
1322.3
1374.1
1425.6
1477.3
1529.6
1636.1
1745.7
1858.8
1975.4
2095.3

1.5460
1.5602
1.5943
1.6243
1.6516
1.6771
1.7238
1.7664
1.8059
1.8430
1.9113
1.9737
2.0315
2.0855
2.1363

1117.0
1138.5
1162.0
1183.9
1204.9
1225.6
1246.0
1286.5
1327.3
1368.5
1452.9
1540.5
1631.5
1726.0
1823.8

1202.6
1230.3
1260.8
1289.3
1316.7
1343.5
1370.0
1422.4
1474.8
1527.4
1634.5
1744.6
1858.0
1974.7
2094.7

1.5187
1.5499
1.5825
1.6115
1.6380
1.6627
1.6860
1.7294
1.7694
1.8068
1.8755
1.9381
1.9960
2.0501
2.1010

1218.0
1246.3
1273.2
1299.4
1325.2
1376.3
1427.3
1530.7
1636.9
1746.3
1859.3
1975.7
2095.5

P 5 225 psia (391.808F)


2.0423
2.0728
2.2457
2.4059
2.5590
2.7075
2.9956
3.2765
3.5530
3.8268
4.3689
4.9068
5.4422
5.9760
6.5087

P 5 275 psia (409.458F)


1.6806
1.8034
1.9415
2.0715
2.1964
2.3179
2.4369
2.6699
2.8984
3.1241
3.5700
4.0116
4.4507
4.8882
5.3247

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/ lbm?R

1115.3
1119.7
1144.1
1166.2
1187.2
1207.7
1248.0
1288.1
1328.5
1369.5
1453.6
1541.1
1632.0
1726.4
1824.1

1200.3
1206.0
1237.6
1266.3
1293.8
1320.5
1372.7
1424.5
1476.5
1528.9
1635.6
1745.4
1858.6
1975.2
2095.1

1.5360
1.5427
1.5783
1.6091
1.6370
1.6628
1.7099
1.7528
1.7925
1.8296
1.8981
1.9606
2.0184
2.0724
2.1232

P 5 300 psia (417.358F)


1.5435
1.6369
1.7670
1.8885
2.0046
2.1172
2.2273
2.4424
2.6529
2.8605
3.2704
3.6759
4.0789
4.4803
4.8807

1117.7
1135.6
1159.8
1182.1
1203.5
1224.4
1244.9
1285.7
1326.6
1367.9
1452.5
1540.2
1631.3
1725.8
1823.6

1203.3
1226.4
1257.9
1287.0
1314.8
1341.9
1368.6
1421.3
1473.9
1526.7
1634.0
1744.2
1857.7
1974.5
2094.6

1.5111
1.5369
1.5706
1.6001
1.6270
1.6520
1.6755
1.7192
1.7593
1.7968
1.8657
1.9284
1.9863
2.0404
2.0913

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
960
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A6E
Superheated water (Continued)
T
8F

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 350 psia (431.748F)


Sat.
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

1.3263
1.3739
1.4921
1.6004
1.7030
1.8018
1.8979
2.0848
2.2671
2.4464
2.7996
3.1484
3.4947
3.8394
4.1830

1118.5
1129.3
1155.2
1178.6
1200.6
1221.9
1242.8
1284.1
1325.3
1366.9
1451.7
1539.6
1630.8
1725.4
1823.3

Sat.
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

0.92815
0.99304
1.07974
1.15876
1.23312
1.30440
1.44097
1.57252
1.70094
1.82726
1.95211
2.1988
2.4430
2.6856
2.9271

Sat.
550
600
650
700
750
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

0.56920
0.61586
0.67799
0.73279
0.78330
0.83102
0.87678
0.96434
1.04841
1.13024
1.21051
1.36797
1.52283
1.67606
1.82823

1204.4
1218.3
1251.9
1282.2
1310.9
1338.6
1365.8
1419.1
1472.2
1525.3
1633.0
1743.5
1857.1
1974.0
2094.2

1.4973
1.5128
1.5487
1.5795
1.6073
1.6328
1.6567
1.7009
1.7414
1.7791
1.8483
1.9111
1.9691
2.0233
2.0742

P 5 500 psia (467.048F)


1119.1
1140.1
1167.1
1191.4
1214.3
1236.4
1279.2
1321.4
1363.6
1406.2
1449.4
1537.8
1629.4
1724.2
1822.3

1205.0
1231.9
1267.0
1298.6
1328.4
1357.0
1412.5
1466.9
1521.0
1575.3
1630.0
1741.2
1855.4
1972.7
2093.1

1.4642
1.4928
1.5284
1.5590
1.5865
1.6117
1.6576
1.6992
1.7376
1.7735
1.8075
1.8708
1.9291
1.9834
2.0345

P 5 800 psia (518.278F)


1115.0
1139.4
1170.5
1197.6
1222.4
1246.0
1268.9
1313.3
1357.0
1400.7
1444.6
1534.2
1626.5
1721.9
1820.4

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 960

1199.3
1230.5
1270.9
1306.0
1338.4
1369.1
1398.7
1456.0
1512.2
1568.0
1623.8
1736.7
1851.9
1970.0
2091.0

1.4162
1.4476
1.4866
1.5191
1.5476
1.5735
1.5975
1.6413
1.6812
1.7181
1.7528
1.8170
1.8759
1.9306
1.9819

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm
P 5 400 psia (444.628F)

1.1617
1.1747
1.2851
1.3840
1.4765
1.5650
1.6507
1.8166
1.9777
2.1358
2.4465
2.7527
3.0565
3.3586
3.6597

1119.0
1122.5
1150.4
1174.9
1197.6
1219.4
1240.7
1282.5
1324.0
1365.8
1450.9
1539.0
1630.3
1725.0
1823.0

1205.0
1209.4
1245.6
1277.3
1306.9
1335.3
1362.9
1417.0
1470.4
1523.9
1632.0
1742.7
1856.5
1973.6
2093.9

1.4852
1.4901
1.5288
1.5610
1.5897
1.6158
1.6401
1.6849
1.7257
1.7636
1.8331
1.8960
1.9541
2.0084
2.0594

P 5 600 psia (486.248F)


0.77020
0.79526
0.87542
0.94605
1.01133
1.07316
1.19038
1.30230
1.41097
1.51749
1.62252
1.82957
2.0340
2.2369
2.4387

1118.3
1128.2
1158.7
1184.9
1209.0
1231.9
1275.8
1318.7
1361.4
1404.4
1447.8
1536.6
1628.4
1723.4
1821.7

1203.9
1216.5
1255.9
1289.9
1321.3
1351.0
1408.0
1463.3
1518.1
1572.9
1627.9
1739.7
1854.2
1971.8
2092.4

1.4463
1.4596
1.4996
1.5325
1.5614
1.5877
1.6348
1.6771
1.7160
1.7522
1.7865
1.8501
1.9085
1.9630
2.0141

P 5 1000 psia (544.658F)


0.44604
0.45375
0.51431
0.56411
0.60844
0.64944
0.68821
0.76136
0.83078
0.89783
0.96327
1.09101
1.21610
1.33956
1.46194

1110.1
1115.2
1154.1
1185.1
1212.4
1237.6
1261.7
1307.7
1352.5
1396.9
1441.4
1531.8
1624.6
1720.3
1819.1

1192.6
1199.2
1249.3
1289.5
1325.0
1357.8
1389.0
1448.6
1506.2
1563.1
1619.7
1733.7
1849.6
1968.2
2089.6

1.3906
1.3972
1.4457
1.4827
1.5140
1.5418
1.5670
1.6126
1.6535
1.6911
1.7263
1.7911
1.8504
1.9053
1.9568

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/ lbm?R
P 5 450 psia (456.318F)

1.0324

1119.2

1205.2 1.4742

1.1233
1.2152
1.3001
1.3807
1.4584
1.6080
1.7526
1.8942
2.1718
2.4450
2.7157
2.9847
3.2527

1145.4
1171.1
1194.6
1216.9
1238.5
1280.8
1322.7
1364.7
1450.1
1538.4
1629.8
1724.6
1822.6

1238.9
1272.3
1302.8
1331.9
1360.0
1414.7
1468.6
1522.4
1631.0
1742.0
1856.0
1973.2
2093.5

1.5103
1.5441
1.5737
1.6005
1.6253
1.6706
1.7117
1.7499
1.8196
1.8827
1.9409
1.9952
2.0462

P 5 700 psia (503.138F)


0.65589 1116.9

1201.9 1.4305

0.72799
0.79332
0.85242
0.90769
1.01125
1.10921
1.20381
1.29621
1.38709
1.56580
1.74192
1.91643
2.08987

1243.8
1280.7
1313.8
1344.8
1403.4
1459.7
1515.2
1570.4
1625.9
1738.2
1853.1
1970.9
2091.7

1149.5
1177.9
1203.4
1227.2
1272.4
1316.0
1359.2
1402.5
1446.2
1535.4
1627.5
1722.7
1821.0

1.4730
1.5087
1.5393
1.5666
1.6150
1.6581
1.6974
1.7341
1.7685
1.8324
1.8911
1.9457
1.9969

P 5 1250 psia (572.458F)


0.34549

1102.0

1181.9 1.3623

0.37894
0.42703
0.46735
0.50344
0.53687
0.59876
0.65656
0.71184
0.76545
0.86944
0.97072
1.07036
1.16892

1129.5
1167.5
1198.7
1226.4
1252.2
1300.5
1346.7
1392.2
1437.4
1528.7
1622.2
1718.4
1817.5

1217.2
1266.3
1306.8
1342.9
1376.4
1439.0
1498.6
1556.8
1614.5
1729.8
1846.7
1966.0
2087.9

1.3961
1.4414
1.4771
1.5076
1.5347
1.5826
1.6249
1.6635
1.6993
1.7649
1.8246
1.8799
1.9315

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
961
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A6E
Superheated water (Concluded)
T
8F

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 1500 psia (596.268F)


1092.1
1097.2
1147.2
1183.6
1214.4
1242.2
1268.2
1293.1
1340.9
1387.3
1433.3
1525.7
1619.8
1716.4
1815.9

1169.0
1175.4
1239.7
1286.9
1326.9
1363.1
1396.9
1429.2
1490.8
1550.5
1609.2
1726.0
1843.8
1963.7
2086.1

1.3362
1.3423
1.4016
1.4433
1.4771
1.5064
1.5328
1.5569
1.6007
1.6402
1.6767
1.7432
1.8033
1.8589
1.9108

u
h
s
v
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R ft3/lbm

P 5 1750 psia (617.178F)

Sat.
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
1000
1100
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

0.27695
0.28189
0.33310
0.37198
0.40535
0.43550
0.46356
0.49015
0.54031
0.58781
0.63355
0.72172
0.80714
0.89090
0.97358

Sat.
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000

0.13076

1031.2

1091.7 1.2330

0.08460

969.8

0.16849
0.20327
0.22949
0.25174
0.27165
0.29001
0.30726
0.33949
0.36966
0.42631
0.48004
0.53205
0.58295

1098.4
1154.9
1195.9
1230.1
1260.7
1289.1
1316.1
1367.3
1416.6
1513.3
1610.1
1708.6
1809.4

1176.3
1249.0
1302.0
1346.6
1386.4
1423.3
1458.2
1524.4
1587.6
1710.5
1832.2
1954.8
2079.1

1.3072
1.3686
1.4116
1.4463
1.4761
1.5028
1.5271
1.5710
1.6103
1.6802
1.7424
1.7991
1.8518

0.09838
0.14840
0.17601
0.19771
0.21640
0.23321
0.24876
0.27732
0.30367
0.35249
0.39830
0.44237
0.48532

1005.3
1114.1
1167.5
1208.2
1242.8
1273.9
1302.8
1356.8
1408.0
1507.0
1605.3
1704.7
1806.1

650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1600
1800
2000

0.02448
0.02871
0.06370
0.10520
0.12848
0.14647
0.16176
0.17538
0.19957
0.22121
0.24128
0.26028
0.29620
0.33033
0.36335

0.8577
0.9347
1.1410
1.2734
1.3355
1.3799
1.4157
1.4463
1.4983
1.5426
1.5821
1.6182
1.6835
1.7422
1.7961

0.02379
0.02678
0.03373
0.05937
0.08551
0.10390
0.11863
0.13128
0.15298
0.17185
0.18902
0.20508
0.23505
0.26320
0.29023

648.3
721.8
821.8
986.9
1092.4
1155.9
1203.9
1244.0
1312.2
1372.1
1427.8
1481.4
1585.6
1689.0
1793.2

P 5 2500 psia (668.178F)

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 961

676.1
763.6
1009.2
1172.1
1251.8
1310.9
1360.5
1404.4
1482.8
1554.1
1621.6
1687.0
1814.7
1941.4
2068.6

P 5 2000 psia (635.858F)

0.22681 1080.5

1153.9 1.3112

0.18815 1066.8

1136.4 1.2863

0.26292
0.30252
0.33455
0.36266
0.38835
0.41238
0.45719
0.49917
0.53932
0.61621
0.69031
0.76273
0.83406

1207.9
1264.7
1309.8
1349.1
1385.1
1419.0
1482.9
1544.1
1603.9
1722.1
1840.9
1961.5
2084.3

0.20586
0.24894
0.28074
0.30763
0.33169
0.35390
0.39479
0.43266
0.46864
0.53708
0.60269
0.66660
0.72942

1167.6
1239.8
1291.3
1334.3
1372.8
1408.5
1474.9
1537.6
1598.5
1718.3
1838.0
1959.2
2082.6

1122.8
1166.8
1201.5
1231.7
1259.3
1285.4
1334.9
1382.4
1429.2
1522.6
1617.4
1714.5
1814.2

1.3607
1.4108
1.4489
1.4807
1.5088
1.5341
1.5796
1.6201
1.6572
1.7245
1.7852
1.8410
1.8931

P 5 3000 psia (695.418F)

P 5 4000 psia
657.9
742.3
962.1
1094.2
1156.7
1202.5
1240.7
1274.6
1335.1
1390.3
1443.0
1494.3
1595.5
1696.8
1799.7

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/ lbm?R

1091.4
1147.6
1187.4
1220.5
1250.0
1277.5
1328.7
1377.5
1425.1
1519.5
1615.0
1712.5
1812.6

1.3146
1.3783
1.4218
1.4567
1.4867
1.5134
1.5606
1.6021
1.6400
1.7081
1.7693
1.8255
1.8778

P 5 3500 psia

1016.8 1.1587
1059.9
1196.5
1265.3
1317.9
1362.9
1403.3
1440.9
1510.8
1576.6
1702.7
1826.4
1950.3
2075.6

1.1960
1.3118
1.3676
1.4086
1.4423
1.4716
1.4978
1.5441
1.5850
1.6567
1.7199
1.7773
1.8304

0.02492
0.03065
0.10460
0.13639
0.15847
0.17659
0.19245
0.20687
0.23289
0.25654
0.29978
0.33994
0.37833
0.41561

663.7
760.0
1057.6
1134.3
1183.8
1223.4
1257.8
1289.0
1346.1
1399.3
1500.7
1600.4
1700.8
1802.9

0.8485
0.9156
1.0054
1.1581
1.2593
1.3198
1.3643
1.4004
1.4590
1.5070
1.5490
1.5868
1.6542
1.7142
1.7689

0.02325
0.02564
0.02981
0.03949
0.05815
0.07584
0.09010
0.10208
0.12211
0.13911
0.15434
0.16841
0.19438
0.21853
0.24155

640.3
708.1
788.7
897.1
1018.6
1103.5
1163.7
1211.4
1288.4
1353.4
1412.5
1468.4
1575.7
1681.1
1786.7

P 5 5000 psia
670.3
746.6
853.0
1041.8
1171.5
1252.1
1313.6
1365.5
1453.8
1531.1
1602.7
1671.1
1803.1
1932.5
2061.7

679.9
779.9
1125.4
1222.6
1286.5
1337.8
1382.4
1423.0
1496.9
1565.4
1694.8
1820.5
1945.8
2072.1

0.8632
0.9511
1.2434
1.3224
1.3721
1.4106
1.4428
1.4711
1.5201
1.5627
1.6364
1.7006
1.7586
1.8121

P 5 6000 psia
666.1
736.5
821.8
941.0
1083.1
1187.7
1263.7
1324.7
1424.0
1507.8
1583.8
1655.4
1791.5
1923.7
2054.9

0.8408
0.9028
0.9747
1.0711
1.1819
1.2603
1.3153
1.3578
1.4237
1.4758
1.5203
1.5598
1.6294
1.6907
1.7463

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
962
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A7E
Compressed liquid water
T
8F

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 500 psia (467.048F)


Sat.
32
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550

0.019750
0.015994
0.015998
0.016107
0.016317
0.016607
0.016972
0.017417
0.017954
0.018609
0.019425

Sat.
32
50
100
200
300
400
450
500
560
600
640
680
700

0.025634
0.015912
0.015921
0.016035
0.016527
0.017310
0.018442
0.019199
0.020154
0.021739
0.023317

447.68
0.01
18.03
67.86
117.70
167.70
218.04
268.92
320.64
373.61
428.44

449.51
1.49
19.51
69.35
119.21
169.24
219.61
270.53
322.30
375.33
430.24

0.64900
0.00001
0.03601
0.12930
0.21462
0.29349
0.36708
0.43641
0.50240
0.56595
0.62802

P 5 2000 psia (635.858F)


662.33
0.07
17.91
67.36
166.54
266.92
370.30
424.06
480.08
552.21
605.77

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 962

671.82
5.96
23.80
73.30
172.66
273.33
377.12
431.16
487.54
560.26
614.40

0.86224
0.00010
0.03574
0.12838
0.29170
0.43376
0.56205
0.62314
0.68346
0.75692
0.80898

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 1000 psia (544.658F)


0.021595
0.015966
0.015972
0.016083
0.016292
0.016580
0.016941
0.017380
0.017910
0.018552
0.019347
0.020368

538.58
0.03
17.99
67.69
117.42
167.31
217.51
268.24
319.77
372.48
426.93
484.03

542.57
2.99
20.95
70.67
120.43
170.38
220.65
271.46
323.08
375.91
430.51
487.80

0.74341
0.00005
0.03593
0.12899
0.21416
0.29289
0.36634
0.43551
0.50132
0.56463
0.62635
0.68764

u
h
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm

v
ft3/lbm

P 5 1500 psia (596.268F)


0.023456
0.015939
0.015946
0.016059
0.016267
0.016553
0.016911
0.017345
0.017866
0.018496
0.019271
0.020258
0.021595

P 5 3000 psia (695.418F)


0.034335
0.015859
0.015870
0.015988
0.016475
0.017242
0.018338
0.019062
0.019960
0.021405
0.022759
0.024765
0.028821

783.39
0.10
17.83
67.04
165.79
265.65
368.22
421.36
476.45
546.59
597.42
654.52
728.63

802.45
8.90
26.64
75.91
174.94
275.22
378.41
431.94
487.53
558.47
610.06
668.27
744.64

0.97321
0.00011
0.03554
0.12776
0.29053
0.43204
0.55959
0.62010
0.67958
0.75126
0.80086
0.85476
0.92288

s
Btu/lbm?R

605.07
0.05
17.95
67.53
117.14
166.92
217.00
267.57
318.91
371.37
425.47
482.01
542.50

611.58
4.48
22.38
71.98
121.66
171.52
221.69
272.39
323.87
376.51
430.82
487.63
548.50

0.80836
0.00008
0.03584
0.12869
0.21369
0.29229
0.36560
0.43463
0.50025
0.56333
0.62472
0.68550
0.74731

P 5 5000 psia
0.015756
0.015773
0.015897
0.016375
0.017112
0.018145
0.018812
0.019620
0.020862
0.021943
0.023358
0.025366
0.026777

0.13
17.65
66.41
164.36
263.24
364.35
416.40
469.94
537.08
584.42
634.95
690.67
721.78

14.71
32.25
81.12
179.51
279.07
381.14
433.80
488.10
556.38
604.72
656.56
714.14
746.56

0.00002
0.03505
0.12652
0.28824
0.42874
0.55492
0.61445
0.67254
0.74154
0.78803
0.83603
0.88745
0.91564

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
963
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A8E
Saturated icewater vapor
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm
Temp.,
T 8F

Sat.
press.,
Psat psia

Sat.
ice,
vi

32.018
32
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
25
210
215
220
225
230
235
240

0.08871
0.08864
0.08086
0.06405
0.05049
0.03960
0.03089
0.02397
0.01850
0.01420
0.01083
0.00821
0.00619
0.00463
0.00344
0.00254
0.00186

0.01747
3299.6
0.01747
3302.6
0.01747
3605.8
0.01746
4505.8
0.01746
5657.6
0.01745
7138.9
0.01744
9054.0
0.01743 11,543
0.01743 14,797
0.01742 19,075
0.01741 24,731
0.01740 32,257
0.01740 42,335
0.01739 55,917
0.01738 74,345
0.01738 99,526
0.01737 134,182

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 963

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/Ibm?R

Sat.
ice,
ui

Subl.,
uig

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
ice,
hi

Subl.,
hig

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
ice,
si

Subl.,
sig

Sat.
vapor,
sg

2143.34
2143.35
2144.35
2146.85
2149.32
2151.76
2154.18
2156.57
2158.94
2161.28
2163.60
2165.90
2168.16
2170.41
2172.63
2174.83
2177.00

1164.2
1164.2
1164.6
1165.4
1166.2
1167.0
1167.8
1168.5
1169.2
1169.9
1170.6
1171.2
1171.8
1172.4
1173.0
1173.5
1174.0

1020.9
1020.9
1020.2
1018.6
1016.9
1015.2
1013.6
1011.9
1010.3
1008.6
1007.0
1005.3
1003.6
1002.0
1000.3
998.7
997.0

2143.34
2143.35
2144.35
2146.85
2149.32
2151.76
2154.18
2156.57
2158.94
2161.28
2163.60
2165.90
2168.16
2170.41
2172.63
2174.83
2177.00

1218.3
1218.4
1218.5
1218.8
1219.1
1219.3
1219.5
1219.7
1219.9
1220.0
1220.1
1220.2
1220.3
1220.3
1220.3
1220.3
1220.3

1075.0
1075.0
1074.2
1072.0
1069.8
1067.6
1065.4
1063.1
1060.9
1058.7
1056.5
1054.3
1052.1
1049.9
1047.7
1045.5
1043.3

20.29146
20.29148
20.29353
20.29865
20.30377
20.30889
20.31401
20.31913
20.32426
20.32938
20.33451
20.33964
20.34478
20.34991
20.35505
20.36019
20.36534

2.4779
2.4779
2.4883
2.5146
2.5414
2.5687
2.5965
2.6248
2.6537
2.6832
2.7133
2.7440
2.7754
2.8074
2.8401
2.8735
2.9076

2.1864
2.1865
2.1948
2.2160
2.2376
2.2598
2.2825
2.3057
2.3295
2.3538
2.3788
2.4044
2.4306
2.4575
2.4850
2.5133
2.5423

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
964
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS
Connstant
Pressure
lbf/in 2

1800

10000
8000
5000 6000
32 04 4000
2 5 00 3000

11
10

100

10

1620
30

14.696

1 000

1660

1600

95

300

200

100
20

15
10

2000

400

1220

300
1180

50

6
00

1140
2

11

1200

1120

0 .2
1000

1100

2000

0.5

1.0

1.5

200

90

95

0 .5

10
5
00 0
85

80

70

500

500

1160

10
0

75

60

55

50

65

200

90

600

1000

25

1 4 .6

100

0 .1

60

85

10

30
100

95

700

500

50
30

96

100
0

75

70

0
65

45

20

bm
me ft 3/l

1 280

10

0
60

0
55

40

0
Constant Enthalpy Btu/lbm
35
0

1300

400

600

40

1220
1 20

45

200

00

n t V olu

00

15
10

1320

1 260

3 /l b m
u m e ft

500

35

50

1340

C o n sta

00

20

0.0 0.03
560
53

Con
stan
t Qu
ality
, Pe
rcen
t

450

30

1360

600

500
350

400

25

55

1 240

400

250

300

200

100

150

50

20

Temperature, F

5
10

0
00

t F
rhea
Supe
tant
Cons

0
115
0
110

900

0
100

800
lbm
Btu/
halpy
nt Ent
Consta
700

0 .4

50

15

1200
00

800

60

1380

20

10

50

1400

0.2

0.6

65

1420

32

04

1
0.

0.0

1300
00

1
2

150
00
100
80 00
00

400

25

ol

50

900
70

1440

30

ta nt V

75

1460

00
60
00
50

700

C o ns

1400

00

1480

800

400

50

1000
80

1500

100
0

900

1500

85

1540

1520

500

90

1560

0.6

110
0

600

00

1100

10

1580
0.4

120
0

11

1640

0.2

0.05053

0.11

1720

1700

600

130

12

1740

1680

600

1400

12

1760

400
300
200

1500
0

1500

13

1780

2.0

60
32
2.4

Entropy, Btu/lbmR

FIGURE A9E
T-s diagram for water.
Source of Data: Joseph H. Keenan, Frederick G. Keyes. Philip G. Hill. and Joan G. Moore. Steam Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1969)

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 964

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
965
APPENDIX 2
Entropy, Btu/lbmR
1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9
FF
1100

2.0

2.1

2.2

1600

1550
1000

500

1500
900

200

300

100
0

3204
200
0

10,00
0 psi
a
5000

1.5

psia

1400

50

100

1350

20

FF
700

10

600

Enthalpy, Btu / lbm

1450
800

1300
8
5 6
2p 3 4
sia

500

400

2.1
1050

84

0.

2.0
1000

0.8

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 965

1.6

1100

1.5

2.2

0.

100

0.8

1.4

1150

0.

200
200
200F
F

satu
line ration
x=
0.9
8
0.9
6
0.9
4
0.9
2
0.9
0
0.8
8
0.
86

1.3

1200
1.0

300

1250

1.9
950

1.7
1.8
Entropy, Btu/lbmR

FIGURE A10E
Mollier diagram for water.
Source of Data: Joseph H. Keenan,
Frederick G. Keyes. Philip G. Hill. and
Joan G. Moore. Steam Tables (New York: John
Wiley & Sons, 1969)

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
966
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A11E
Saturated refrigerant-134aTemperature table
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm
Sat.
Temp., press.,
T 8F
Psat psia
240
235
230
225
220
215
210
25
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210

7.432
8.581
9.869
11.306
12.906
14.680
16.642
18.806
21.185
23.793
26.646
29.759
33.147
36.826
40.813
45.124
49.776
54.787
60.175
65.957
72.152
78.780
85.858
93.408
101.45
110.00
119.08
128.72
138.93
149.73
161.16
173.23
185.96
213.53
244.06
277.79
314.94
355.80
400.66
449.90
504.00
563.76

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

0.01130
0.01136
0.01143
0.01149
0.01156
0.01163
0.01170
0.01178
0.01185
0.01193
0.01200
0.01208
0.01216
0.01225
0.01233
0.01242
0.01251
0.01261
0.01270
0.01280
0.01290
0.01301
0.01311
0.01323
0.01334
0.01346
0.01359
0.01372
0.01386
0.01400
0.01415
0.01430
0.01446
0.01482
0.01522
0.01567
0.01619
0.01682
0.01759
0.01861
0.02010
0.02309

5.7769
5.0489
4.4286
3.8980
3.4424
3.0495
2.7097
2.4146
2.1575
1.9328
1.7358
1.5625
1.4097
1.2746
1.1548
1.0482
0.95323
0.86837
0.79236
0.72414
0.66277
0.60744
0.55746
0.51222
0.47119
0.43391
0.39997
0.36902
0.34074
0.31486
0.29113
0.26933
0.24928
0.21373
0.18331
0.15707
0.13423
0.11413
0.09619
0.07982
0.06441
0.04722

20.016
1.483
2.987
4.497
6.014
7.536
9.065
10.601
12.143
13.693
15.249
16.813
18.384
19.963
21.550
23.145
24.749
26.361
27.983
29.614
31.254
32.904
34.565
36.237
37.920
39.614
41.321
43.041
44.774
46.521
48.284
50.063
51.858
55.505
59.237
63.070
67.022
71.139
75.464
80.093
85.297
91.993

89.174
88.360
87.542
86.717
85.887
85.050
84.206
83.355
82.496
81.628
80.751
79.865
78.969
78.062
77.144
76.214
75.272
74.317
73.347
72.363
71.364
70.348
69.315
68.264
67.193
66.102
64.989
63.852
62.690
61.501
60.284
59.035
57.753
55.075
52.221
49.151
45.811
42.101
37.893
32.929
26.629
16.498

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

89.16
89.84
90.53
91.21
91.90
92.59
93.27
93.96
94.64
95.32
96.00
96.68
97.35
98.03
98.69
99.36
100.02
100.68
101.33
101.98
102.62
103.25
103.88
104.50
105.11
105.72
106.31
106.89
107.46
108.02
108.57
109.10
109.61
110.58
111.46
112.22
112.83
113.24
113.36
113.02
111.93
108.49

0.000
1.501
3.008
4.522
6.041
7.568
9.102
10.642
12.190
13.745
15.308
16.879
18.459
20.047
21.643
23.249
24.864
26.489
28.124
29.770
31.426
33.094
34.773
36.465
38.170
39.888
41.620
43.367
45.130
46.909
48.706
50.521
52.356
56.091
59.925
63.875
67.965
72.246
76.768
81.642
87.172
94.402

97.104
96.360
95.608
94.849
94.080
93.303
92.515
91.717
90.907
90.085
89.251
88.403
87.541
86.665
85.772
84.863
83.937
82.993
82.029
81.046
80.041
79.014
77.964
76.889
75.788
74.660
73.503
72.315
71.094
69.838
68.544
67.210
65.833
62.935
59.813
56.419
52.690
48.509
43.721
38.025
30.761
19.015

97.10
97.86
98.62
99.37
100.12
100.87
101.62
102.36
103.10
103.83
104.56
105.28
106.00
106.71
107.42
108.11
108.80
109.48
110.15
110.82
111.47
112.11
112.74
113.35
113.96
114.55
115.12
115.68
116.22
116.75
117.25
117.73
118.19
119.03
119.74
120.29
120.66
120.75
120.49
119.67
117.93
113.42

0.00000
0.00355
0.00707
0.01057
0.01404
0.01748
0.02090
0.02430
0.02767
0.03103
0.03436
0.03767
0.04097
0.04424
0.04750
0.05074
0.05397
0.05718
0.06038
0.06357
0.06674
0.06991
0.07306
0.07621
0.07934
0.08247
0.08560
0.08872
0.09183
0.09495
0.09806
0.10118
0.10430
0.11056
0.11686
0.12324
0.12971
0.13637
0.14327
0.15057
0.15872
0.16924

0.23136
0.22689
0.22250
0.21819
0.21396
0.20981
0.20572
0.20171
0.19775
0.19385
0.19001
0.18623
0.18249
0.17880
0.17515
0.17154
0.16797
0.16443
0.16093
0.15746
0.15401
0.15058
0.14718
0.14379
0.14042
0.13706
0.13371
0.13036
0.12702
0.12367
0.12031
0.11694
0.11356
0.10672
0.09973
0.09253
0.08502
0.07703
0.06834
0.05852
0.04662
0.02839

Sat.
vapor,
sg
0.23136
0.23044
0.22957
0.22876
0.22800
0.22729
0.22662
0.22600
0.22542
0.22488
0.22437
0.22390
0.22345
0.22304
0.22265
0.22228
0.22194
0.22162
0.22131
0.22103
0.22075
0.22049
0.22024
0.22000
0.21976
0.21953
0.21931
0.21908
0.21885
0.21862
0.21838
0.21813
0.21786
0.21728
0.21660
0.21577
0.21473
0.21340
0.21161
0.20909
0.20534
0.19763

Source of Data: Tables A-11E through A-13E are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S. A. Klein and F. L.
Alvarado. The routine used in calculations is the R134a, which is based on the fundamental equation of state developed by R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr,
An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for temperatures from 170 K to 455 K
and pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994. The enthalpy and entropy values of saturated liquid are set to zero at -40C
(and 240F).

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 966

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
967
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A12E
Saturated refrigerant-134aPressure table
Specific volume,
ft3/lbm

Internal energy,
Btu/lbm

Enthalpy,
Btu/lbm

Entropy,
Btu/lbm?R

Sat.
Press., temp.,
P psia Tsat 8F

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
220
240
260
280
300
350
400
450
500

0.01113
0.01143
0.01164
0.01181
0.01196
0.01209
0.01221
0.01232
0.01242
0.01252
0.01261
0.01270
0.01278
0.01287
0.01295
0.01303
0.01310
0.01318
0.01325
0.01332
0.01346
0.01360
0.01374
0.01387
0.01400
0.01413
0.01426
0.01439
0.01452
0.01464
0.01490
0.01516
0.01543
0.01570
0.01598
0.01672
0.01758
0.01860
0.01997

8.3740
4.3740
2.9882
2.2781
1.8442
1.5506
1.3382
1.1773
1.0510
0.94909
0.86509
0.79462
0.73462
0.68290
0.63784
0.59822
0.56309
0.53173
0.50356
0.47811
0.43390
0.39681
0.36523
0.33800
0.31426
0.29339
0.27487
0.25833
0.24346
0.23001
0.20662
0.18694
0.17012
0.15555
0.14279
0.11673
0.09643
0.07979
0.06533

23.914
3.132
7.796
11.393
14.367
16.929
19.195
21.236
23.101
24.824
26.428
27.932
29.351
30.696
31.975
33.198
34.369
35.494
36.577
37.623
39.614
41.489
43.263
44.951
46.563
48.109
49.595
51.027
52.412
53.753
56.321
58.757
61.082
63.313
65.460
70.567
75.401
80.112
84.900

91.283
87.463
84.907
82.915
81.249
79.799
78.504
77.326
76.240
75.228
74.277
73.378
72.523
71.705
70.921
70.167
69.438
68.733
68.048
67.383
66.102
64.878
63.704
62.570
61.473
60.406
59.366
58.349
57.353
56.375
54.462
52.596
50.763
48.951
47.154
42.632
37.957
32.909
27.096

87.37
90.59
92.70
94.31
95.62
96.73
97.70
98.56
99.34
100.05
100.70
101.31
101.87
102.40
102.90
103.36
103.81
104.23
104.63
105.01
105.72
106.37
106.97
107.52
108.04
108.51
108.96
109.38
109.76
110.13
110.78
111.35
111.84
112.26
112.61
113.20
113.36
113.02
112.00

23.903
3.153
7.828
11.436
14.422
16.996
19.274
21.327
23.205
24.939
26.556
28.073
29.505
30.862
32.155
33.391
34.575
35.713
36.810
37.870
39.888
41.791
43.594
45.311
46.952
48.527
50.043
51.507
52.922
54.295
56.927
59.430
61.824
64.126
66.347
71.651
76.702
81.662
86.748

99.021
95.536
93.170
91.302
89.725
88.340
87.093
85.950
84.889
83.894
82.954
82.060
81.205
80.385
79.594
78.830
78.089
77.369
76.668
75.984
74.660
73.388
72.159
70.967
69.807
68.674
67.564
66.475
65.402
64.345
62.267
60.225
58.205
56.197
54.195
49.109
43.794
38.003
31.292

95.12 20.00944
98.69
0.00741
101.00
0.01806
102.74
0.02603
104.15
0.03247
105.34
0.03792
106.37
0.04265
107.28
0.04686
108.09
0.05065
108.83
0.05412
109.51
0.05732
110.13
0.06028
110.71
0.06306
111.25
0.06567
111.75
0.06813
112.22
0.07047
112.66
0.07269
113.08
0.07481
113.48
0.07684
113.85
0.07879
114.55
0.08247
115.18
0.08590
115.75
0.08912
116.28
0.09215
116.76
0.09502
117.20
0.09776
117.61
0.10036
117.98
0.10286
118.32
0.10526
118.64
0.10757
119.19
0.11195
119.65
0.11606
120.03
0.11994
120.32
0.12364
120.54
0.12717
120.76
0.13545
120.50
0.14317
119.67
0.15060
118.04
0.15810

253.09
229.52
214.15
22.43
7.17
15.37
22.57
29.01
34.86
40.23
45.20
49.84
54.20
58.30
62.19
65.89
69.41
72.78
76.02
79.12
85.00
90.49
95.64
100.51
105.12
109.50
113.69
117.69
121.53
125.22
132.21
138.73
144.85
150.62
156.09
168.64
179.86
190.02
199.29

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 967

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

0.24353
0.22208
0.20911
0.19967
0.19218
0.18595
0.18058
0.17586
0.17164
0.16780
0.16429
0.16104
0.15801
0.15518
0.15251
0.14998
0.14758
0.14529
0.14311
0.14101
0.13706
0.13338
0.12993
0.12668
0.12359
0.12064
0.11783
0.11513
0.11252
0.11000
0.10519
0.10063
0.09627
0.09207
0.08800
0.07815
0.06847
0.05849
0.04748

0.23409
0.22949
0.22717
0.22570
0.22465
0.22386
0.22324
0.22272
0.22229
0.22192
0.22160
0.22132
0.22107
0.22084
0.22064
0.22045
0.22027
0.22011
0.21995
0.21981
0.21953
0.21928
0.21905
0.21883
0.21861
0.21840
0.21819
0.21799
0.21778
0.21757
0.21714
0.21669
0.21622
0.21571
0.21517
0.21360
0.21164
0.20909
0.20558

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
968
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A13E
Superheated refrigerant-134a
T
8F

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 10 psia (Tsat 5 229.528F)


Sat.
220
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220

4.3740
4.4856
4.7135
4.9380
5.1600
5.3802
5.5989
5.8165
6.0331
6.2490
6.4642
6.6789
6.8930
7.1068

90.59
92.14
95.42
98.77
102.21
105.73
109.33
113.02
116.80
120.66
124.62
128.66
132.78
136.99

98.69
100.44
104.14
107.91
111.76
115.68
119.69
123.78
127.96
132.23
136.58
141.01
145.54
150.14

0.22949
0.23351
0.24175
0.24978
0.25763
0.26533
0.27290
0.28035
0.28768
0.29492
0.30205
0.30910
0.31606
0.32293

P 5 30 psia (Tsat 5 15.378F)


Sat.
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280

1.5506
1.5691
1.6528
1.7338
1.8130
1.8908
1.9675
2.0434
2.1185
2.1931
2.2671
2.3408
2.4141
2.4871
2.5598

Sat.
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320

0.7946
0.8179
0.8636
0.9072
0.9495
0.9908
1.0312
1.0709
1.1101
1.1489
1.1872
1.2252
1.2629
1.3004
1.3377

96.73
97.56
101.18
104.83
108.54
112.31
116.16
120.08
124.09
128.17
132.33
136.58
140.90
145.30
149.79

105.34
106.27
110.35
114.45
118.60
122.81
127.08
131.43
135.85
140.34
144.92
149.57
154.30
159.11
164.00

0.22386
0.22583
0.23416
0.24220
0.25003
0.25769
0.26519
0.27256
0.27981
0.28695
0.29399
0.30094
0.30780
0.31458
0.32128

P 5 60 psia (Tsat 5 49.848F)


101.31
103.31
107.24
111.17
115.14
119.17
123.26
127.42
131.64
135.94
140.31
144.76
149.28
153.88
158.55

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 968

110.13
112.39
116.82
121.24
125.69
130.17
134.71
139.31
143.97
148.69
153.49
158.36
163.30
168.31
173.40

0.22132
0.22572
0.23408
0.24212
0.24992
0.25753
0.26497
0.27227
0.27945
0.28651
0.29346
0.30032
0.30709
0.31378
0.32039

v
ft3/lbm

u
Btu/lbm

h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 15 psia (Tsat 5 214.158F)

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 20 psia (Tsat 5 22.438F)

2.9882

92.70

101.00

0.22717

2.2781

94.31

102.74

0.22570

3.1001
3.2551
3.4074
3.5577
3.7064
3.8540
4.0006
4.1464
4.2915
4.4361
4.5802
4.7239

95.08
98.49
101.96
105.51
109.14
112.85
116.64
120.52
124.49
128.53
132.67
136.89

103.69
107.52
111.42
115.38
119.42
123.54
127.75
132.03
136.40
140.85
145.38
150.00

0.23312
0.24129
0.24924
0.25702
0.26465
0.27214
0.27952
0.28678
0.29395
0.30102
0.30800
0.31489

2.2922
2.4130
2.5306
2.6461
2.7600
2.8726
2.9842
3.0950
3.2051
3.3146
3.4237
3.5324

94.73
98.19
101.71
105.29
108.94
112.67
116.48
120.38
124.35
128.41
132.56
136.78

103.21
107.12
111.07
115.08
119.15
123.30
127.53
131.83
136.22
140.68
145.23
149.86

0.22673
0.23506
0.24313
0.25099
0.25868
0.26623
0.27364
0.28094
0.28814
0.29523
0.30223
0.30914

P 5 40 psia (Tsat 5 29.018F)

P 5 50 psia (Tsat 5 40.238F)

1.1773

98.56

107.28

0.22272

0.9491

100.05 108.83

0.22192

1.2126
1.2768
1.3389
1.3995
1.4588
1.5173
1.5750
1.6321
1.6887
1.7449
1.8007
1.8562
1.9114

100.61
104.35
108.12
111.94
115.83
119.79
123.82
127.92
132.10
136.37
140.70
145.12
149.62

109.59
113.80
118.03
122.30
126.63
131.02
135.47
140.00
144.60
149.28
154.03
158.86
163.77

0.22740
0.23567
0.24365
0.25142
0.25902
0.26646
0.27377
0.28096
0.28805
0.29503
0.30192
0.30873
0.31545

1.0019
1.0540
1.1043
1.1534
1.2015
1.2488
1.2955
1.3416
1.3873
1.4326
1.4776
1.5223

103.85
107.69
111.56
115.49
119.48
123.54
127.67
131.87
136.15
140.51
144.94
149.45

0.23033
0.23849
0.24639
0.25408
0.26160
0.26898
0.27622
0.28335
0.29037
0.29730
0.30413
0.31087

P 5 70 psia (Tsat 5 58.308F)


0.6829
0.6857
0.7271
0.7662
0.8037
0.8401
0.8756
0.9105
0.9447
0.9785
1.0118
1.0449
1.0776
1.1101
1.1424

102.40
102.74
106.77
110.77
114.79
118.86
122.98
127.16
131.40
135.72
140.11
144.57
149.10
153.71
158.40

111.25
111.62
116.18
120.69
125.20
129.74
134.32
138.95
143.64
148.40
153.22
158.10
163.06
168.09
173.20

0.22084
0.22157
0.23018
0.23838
0.24630
0.25399
0.26151
0.26886
0.27608
0.28318
0.29017
0.29706
0.30386
0.31057
0.31720

113.12
117.44
121.78
126.16
130.60
135.09
139.66
144.29
148.99
153.76
158.61
163.53

P 5 80 psia (Tsat 5 65.898F)


0.5982

103.36 112.22

0.22045

0.6243
0.6601
0.6941
0.7270
0.7589
0.7900
0.8206
0.8507
0.8803
0.9096
0.9386
0.9674
0.9959

106.27
110.35
114.43
118.53
122.69
126.89
131.17
135.50
139.91
144.38
148.93
153.55
158.25

0.22663
0.23501
0.24305
0.25084
0.25843
0.26585
0.27312
0.28026
0.28728
0.29420
0.30102
0.30775
0.31440

115.51
120.12
124.70
129.29
133.92
138.59
143.31
148.09
152.94
157.85
162.82
167.87
172.99

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
969
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A13E
Superheated refrigerant-134a (Concluded)
T
8F

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 90 psia (Tsat 5 72.788F)


Sat.
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320

0.53173
0.54388
0.57729
0.60874
0.63885
0.66796
0.69629
0.72399
0.75119
0.77796
0.80437
0.83048
0.85633
0.88195

104.23
105.75
109.91
114.05
118.20
122.39
126.63
130.92
135.28
139.70
144.19
148.75
153.39
158.09

113.08
114.81
119.53
124.19
128.84
133.51
138.22
142.98
147.79
152.66
157.59
162.58
167.65
172.78

0.22011
0.22332
0.23191
0.24009
0.24799
0.25565
0.26313
0.27045
0.27763
0.28469
0.29164
0.29849
0.30524
0.31191

P 5 140 psia (Tsat 5 100.518F)


Sat.
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360

0.33800
0.36243
0.38551
0.40711
0.42766
0.44743
0.46657
0.48522
0.50345
0.52134
0.53895
0.55630
0.57345
0.59041

107.52
111.97
116.42
120.82
125.23
129.66
134.13
138.65
143.22
147.85
152.55
157.31
162.14
167.03

116.28
121.36
126.40
131.37
136.31
141.25
146.22
151.22
156.26
161.36
166.51
171.72
176.99
182.33

0.21883
0.22775
0.23630
0.24444
0.25229
0.25990
0.26731
0.27457
0.28168
0.28866
0.29553
0.30230
0.30898
0.31557

P 5 200 psia (Tsat 5 125.228F)


Sat.
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360

0.23001
0.24541
0.26412
0.28115
0.29704
0.31212
0.32658
0.34054
0.35410
0.36733
0.38029
0.39300
0.40552

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 969

110.13
113.86
118.67
123.36
128.01
132.65
137.31
141.99
146.73
151.50
156.34
161.23
166.18

118.64
122.94
128.44
133.77
139.00
144.20
149.39
154.60
159.83
165.10
170.41
175.77
181.19

0.21757
0.22483
0.23386
0.24231
0.25037
0.25813
0.26566
0.27300
0.28017
0.28720
0.29410
0.30089
0.30758

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 100 psia (Tsat 5 79.128F)


0.47811
0.47906
0.51076
0.54022
0.56821
0.59513
0.62122
0.64667
0.67158
0.69605
0.72016
0.74396
0.76749
0.79079

105.01
105.19
109.46
113.66
117.86
122.09
126.36
130.68
135.05
139.50
144.00
148.58
153.22
157.94

113.85
114.06
118.91
123.66
128.38
133.10
137.85
142.64
147.48
152.38
157.33
162.34
167.42
172.57

0.21981
0.22018
0.22902
0.23735
0.24535
0.25310
0.26065
0.26802
0.27525
0.28234
0.28932
0.29620
0.30297
0.30966

P 5 160 psia (Tsat 5 109.508F)


0.29339
0.30578
0.32774
0.34790
0.36686
0.38494
0.40234
0.41921
0.43564
0.45171
0.46748
0.48299
0.49828
0.51338

108.51
111.01
115.63
120.14
124.63
129.13
133.65
138.21
142.82
147.48
152.21
156.99
161.84
166.75

117.20
120.07
125.33
130.44
135.49
140.52
145.56
150.62
155.72
160.86
166.05
171.29
176.59
181.95

0.21840
0.22339
0.23232
0.24070
0.24872
0.25647
0.26399
0.27133
0.27851
0.28555
0.29248
0.29929
0.30600
0.31262

P 5 300 psia (Tsat 5 156.098F)

v
ft3/lbm

u
h
s
Btu/lbm Btu/lbm Btu/lbm?R

P 5 120 psia (Tsat 5 90.498F)


0.39681 106.37 115.18
0.41013
0.43692
0.46190
0.48563
0.50844
0.53054
0.55206
0.57312
0.59379
0.61413
0.63420
0.65402

108.49
112.85
117.16
121.47
125.80
130.18
134.60
139.08
143.62
148.22
152.89
157.62

117.59
122.55
127.42
132.25
137.09
141.96
146.86
151.80
156.80
161.86
166.97
172.15

0.21928
0.22364
0.23234
0.24059
0.24853
0.25621
0.26370
0.27102
0.27819
0.28523
0.29216
0.29898
0.30571

P 5 180 psia (Tsat 5 117.698F)


0.25833
0.26083
0.28231
0.30154
0.31936
0.33619
0.35228
0.36779
0.38284
0.39751
0.41186
0.42594
0.43980
0.45347

109.38
109.95
114.78
119.43
124.01
128.58
133.16
137.76
142.41
147.11
151.86
156.67
161.53
166.47

117.98
118.64
124.18
129.47
134.65
139.77
144.89
150.01
155.16
160.35
165.58
170.85
176.18
181.57

0.21799
0.21912
0.22852
0.23720
0.24542
0.25332
0.26095
0.26838
0.27564
0.28275
0.28972
0.29658
0.30333
0.30998

P 5 400 psia (Tsat 5 179.868F)

0.14279 112.61 120.54

0.21517

0.09643 113.36 120.50

0.21164

0.14656
0.16355
0.17776
0.19044
0.20211
0.21306
0.22347
0.23346
0.24310
0.25246
0.26159

0.21747
0.22803
0.23734
0.24596
0.25412
0.26193
0.26949
0.27683
0.28399
0.29100
0.29788

0.09658
0.11440
0.12746
0.13853
0.14844
0.15756
0.16611
0.17423
0.18201
0.18951

0.21174
0.22473
0.23502
0.24420
0.25272
0.26079
0.26853
0.27601
0.28328
0.29037

113.82
119.53
124.79
129.86
134.83
139.77
144.71
149.66
154.63
159.65
164.71

121.96
128.61
134.66
140.43
146.05
151.60
157.11
162.62
168.13
173.66
179.23

113.42
120.53
126.45
131.96
137.27
142.48
147.65
152.81
157.97
163.16

120.56
128.99
135.88
142.21
148.26
154.15
159.95
165.71
171.45
177.19

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
970
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

1000

60

65

70

55

140
50

45

40

180
35

30

24

=
D e n sit y

260
3000

22

1000

7.2
4.8
3.6

400

2.4
1.8
1.2
0.96
0.72

60

100

2000

3
18 lbm/ft3
12
9.6

140

T = 100F

200

220

180

R-134a
400

200
100

20

0.48
0.36

40

20

0.24
0.18

20

0.12
0.096

10

1
20

60

100

5 40
580

0
500 .42

4 60

180

220

0.4
6

0.4
4

s=

140

0.072
0.048

0.4
2

4 20

0.4
0

0.3
8
380

0.3
4

0.3
6

340

T = 3 0 0 F

220

260

1 80

s=
60
100
1 40

te d va
p o ur
- 60
-20
20

s atu ra

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.2

0.3

20

0.3
0B
tu/l
bm
R
0.3
2

0.26

0.28

0.20
0.22
0.24

0.14
0.16
0.18

0.10
0.12

0.04
0.06
0.08

id

li q u
ate d

0.1

s atur

T = -1 0 0 F

0.00
0.
0.02

-0.04
-0.02
-60

10

620

40
-20

Pressure, psia

100

75 l

95

90

85

2000

60
bm/ 3
ft3

20

80

20
3000

0.036
0.024

0.018

0.012

1
260

Enthalpy, Btu/lbm

FIGURE A14E
P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a.
Reprinted by pemission of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 970

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
971
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A16E
Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude
Altitude,
ft

Temperature,
8F

0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
7500
8000
8500
9000
9500
10,000
11,000
12,000
13,000
14,000
15,000
16,000
17,000
18,000
19,000
20,000
22,000
24,000
26,000
28,000
30,000
32,000
34,000
36,000
38,000
40,000
45,000
50,000
55,000
60,000

59.00
57.22
55.43
53.65
51.87
50.09
48.30
46.52
44.74
42.96
41.17
39.39
37.61
35.83
34.05
32.26
30.48
28.70
26.92
25.14
23.36
19.79
16.23
12.67
9.12
5.55
11.99
21.58
25.14
28.70
212.2
219.4
226.5
233.6
240.7
247.8
254.9
262.0
269.2
269.7
269.7
269.7
269.7
269.7
269.7

Pressure,
psia

Gravity,
g, ft/s2

Speed of
sound,
ft/s

Density,
lbm/ft3

Viscosity
m, lbm/ft?s

14.7
14.4
14.2
13.9
13.7
13.4
13.2
12.9
12.7
12.5
12.2
12.0
11.8
11.6
11.3
11.1
10.9
10.7
10.5
10.3
10.1
9.72
9.34
8.99
8.63
8.29
7.97
7.65
7.34
7.05
6.76
6.21
5.70
5.22
4.78
4.37
3.99
3.63
3.30
3.05
2.73
2.148
1.691
1.332
1.048

32.174
32.173
32.171
32.169
32.168
32.166
32.165
32.163
32.162
32.160
32.159
32.157
32.156
32.154
32.152
32.151
32.149
32.148
32.146
32.145
32.145
32.140
32.137
32.134
32.131
32.128
32.125
32.122
32.119
32.115
32.112
32.106
32.100
32.094
32.088
32.082
32.08
32.07
32.06
32.06
32.05
32.04
32.02
32.00
31.99

1116
1115
1113
1111
1109
1107
1105
1103
1101
1099
1097
1095
1093
1091
1089
1087
1085
1083
1081
1079
1077
1073
1069
1065
1061
1057
1053
1049
1045
1041
1037
1029
1020
1012
1003
995
987
978
969
968
968
968
968
968
968

0.07647
0.07536
0.07426
0.07317
0.07210
0.07104
0.06998
0.06985
0.06792
0.06690
0.06590
0.06491
0.06393
0.06296
0.06200
0.06105
0.06012
0.05919
0.05828
0.05738
0.05648
0.05473
0.05302
0.05135
0.04973
0.04814
0.04659
0.04508
0.04361
0.04217
0.04077
0.03808
0.03553
0.03311
0.03082
0.02866
0.02661
0.02468
0.02285
0.02079
0.01890
0.01487
0.01171
0.00922
0.00726

1.202
1.199
1.196
1.193
1.190
1.186
1.183
1.180
1.177
1.173
1.170
1.167
1.164
1.160
1.157
1.154
1.150
1.147
1.144
1.140
1.137
1.130
1.124
1.117
1.110
1.104
1.097
1.090
1.083
1.076
1.070
1.056
1.042
1.028
1.014
1.000
0.986
0.971
0.956
0.955
0.955
0.955
0.955
0.955
0.955

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025
1025

Thermal
conductivity,
Btu/h?ft?R
0.0146
0.0146
0.0146
0.0145
0.0145
0.0144
0.0144
0.0143
0.0143
0.0142
0.0142
0.0141
0.0141
0.0141
0.0140
0.0140
0.0139
0.0139
0.0138
0.0138
0.0137
0.0136
0.0136
0.0135
0.0134
0.0133
0.0132
0.0132
0.0130
0.0129
0.0128
0.0126
0.0124
0.0122
0.0121
0.0119
0.0117
0.0115
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113
0.0113

Source of Data: U.S. Standard Atmosphere Supplements, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966. Based on year-round mean conditions at 458 latitude
and varies with the time of the year and the weather patterns. The conditions at sea level (z 5 0) are taken to be P 5 14.696 psia, T 5 598F,
r 5 0.076474 lbm/ft3, g 5 32.1741 ft2/s.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 971

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
972
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A17E
Ideal-gas properties of air
T
R

h
Btu/lbm

Pr

u
Btu/lbm vr

s8
Btu/lbm?R

T
R

h
Btu/lbm

Pr

u
Btu/lbm

vr

s8
Btu/lbm?R

360
380
400
420
440

85.97
90.75
95.53
100.32
105.11

0.3363
0.4061
0.4858
0.5760
0.6776

61.29
64.70
68.11
71.52
74.93

396.6
346.6
305.0
270.1
240.6

0.50369
0.51663
0.52890
0.54058
0.55172

1600
1650
1700
1750
1800

395.74
409.13
422.59
436.12
449.71

71.13
80.89
90.95
101.98
114.0

286.06
296.03
306.06
316.16
326.32

8.263
7.556
6.924
6.357
5.847

0.87130
0.87954
0.88758
0.89542
0.90308

460
480
500
520
537
540

109.90
114.69
119.48
124.27
128.10
129.06

0.7913
0.9182
1.0590
1.2147
1.3593
1.3860

78.36
81.77
85.20
88.62
91.53
92.04

215.33
193.65
174.90
158.58
146.34
144.32

0.56235
0.57255
0.58233
0.59173
0.59945
0.60078

1850
1900
1950
2000
2050
2100

463.37
477.09
490.88
504.71
518.71
532.55

127.2
141.5
157.1
174.0
192.3
212.1

336.55
346.85
357.20
367.61
378.08
388.60

5.388
4.974
4.598
4.258
3.949
3.667

0.91056
0.91788
0.92504
0.93205
0.93891
0.94564

560
580
600
620
640

133.86
138.66
143.47
148.28
153.09

1.5742 95.47 131.78


1.7800 98.90 120.70
2.005 102.34 110.88
2.249 105.78 102.12
2.514 109.21 94.30

0.60950
0.61793
0.62607
0.63395
0.64159

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

546.54
560.59
574.69
588.82
603.00

223.5
256.6
281.4
308.1
336.8

399.17
409.78
420.46
431.16
441.91

3.410
3.176
2.961
2.765
2.585

0.95222
0.95919
0.96501
0.97123
0.97732

660
680
700
720
740

157.92
162.73
167.56
172.39
177.23

2.801
3.111
3.446
3.806
4.193

112.67
116.12
119.58
123.04
126.51

87.27
80.96
75.25
70.07
65.38

0.64902
0.65621
0.66321
0.67002
0.67665

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

617.22
631.48
645.78
660.12
674.49

367.6
400.5
435.7
473.3
513.5

452.70
463.54
474.40
485.31
496.26

2.419
2.266
2.125
1.996
1.876

0.98331
0.98919
0.99497
1.00064
1.00623

760
780
800
820
840

182.08
186.94
191.81
196.69
201.56

4.607
5.051
5.526
6.033
6.573

129.99
133.47
136.97
140.47
143.98

61.10
57.20
53.63
50.35
47.34

0.68312
0.68942
0.69558
0.70160
0.70747

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

688.90
703.35
717.83
732.33
746.88

556.3
601.9
650.4
702.0
756.7

507.25
518.26
529.31
540.40
551.52

1.765
1.662
1.566
1.478
1.395

1.01172
1.01712
1.02244
1.02767
1.03282

860
880
900
920
940

206.46
211.35
216.26
221.18
226.11

7.149
7.761
8.411
9.102
9.834

147.50
151.02
154.57
158.12
161.68

44.57
42.01
39.64
37.44
35.41

0.71323
0.71886
0.72438
0.72979
0.73509

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

761.45
776.05
790.68
805.34
820.03

814.8
876.4
941.4
1011
1083

562.66
573.84
585.04
596.28
607.53

1.318
1.247
1.180
1.118
1.060

1.03788
1.04288
1.04779
1.05264
1.05741

960
980
1000
1040
1080

231.06
236.02
240.98
250.95
260.97

10.61
11.43
12.30
14.18
16.28

165.26
168.83
172.43
179.66
186.93

33.52
31.76
30.12
27.17
24.58

0.74030
0.74540
0.75042
0.76019
0.76964

3150
3200
3250
3300
3350

834.75
849.48
864.24
879.02
893.83

1161
1242
1328
1418
1513

618.82
630.12
641.46
652.81
664.20

1.006
0.955
0.907
0.8621
0.8202

1.06212
1.06676
1.07134
1.07585
1.08031

1120
1160
1200
1240
1280

271.03
281.14
291.30
301.52
311.79

18.60
21.18
24.01
27.13
30.55

194.25
201.63
209.05
216.53
224.05

22.30
20.29
18.51
16.93
15.52

0.77880
0.78767
0.79628
0.80466
0.81280

3400
3450
3500
3550
3600

908.66
923.52
938.40
953.30
968.21

1613
1719
1829
1946
2068

675.60
687.04
698.48
709.95
721.44

0.7807
0.7436
0.7087
0.6759
0.6449

1.08470
1.08904
1.09332
1.09755
1.10172

1320
1360
1400
1440
1480

322.11
332.48
342.90
353.37
363.89

34.31
38.41
42.88
47.75
53.04

231.63
239.25
246.93
254.66
262.44

14.25
13.12
12.10
11.17
10.34

0.82075
0.82848
0.83604
0.84341
0.85062

3650 983.15
3700 998.11
3750 1013.1
3800 1028.1
3850 1043.1

2196
2330
2471
2618
2773

732.95
744.48
756.04
767.60
779.19

0.6157
0.5882
0.5621
0.5376
0.5143

1.10584
1.10991
1.11393
1.11791
1.12183

1520
1560

374.47
385.08

58.78
65.00

270.26
278.13

3900 1058.1
3950 1073.2

2934
3103

790.80
802.43

0.4923 1.12571
0.4715 1.12955

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 972

9.578 0.85767
8.890 0.86456

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
973
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A17E
Ideal-gas properties of air (Concluded)
T
R

h
Btu/lbm

Pr

u
Btu/lbm

vr

4000 1088.3

3280

814.06

4050
4100
4150
4200
4300

1103.4
1118.5
1133.6
1148.7
1179.0

3464
3656
3858
4067
4513

4400 1209.4
4500 1239.9

4997
5521

s8
Btu/lbm?R

T
R

h
Btu/lbm

0.4518 1.13334

4600

1270.4

6089

825.72
837.40
849.09
860.81
884.28

0.4331
0.4154
0.3985
0.3826
0.3529

1.13709
1.14079
1.14446
1.14809
1.15522

4700
4800
4900
5000
5100

1300.9
1331.5
1362.2
1392.9
1423.6

6701
7362
8073
8837
9658

907.81
931.39

0.3262 1.16221
0.3019 1.16905

5200
5300

1454.4
1485.3

10,539
11,481

Pr

u
Btu/lbm

vr

s8
Btu/lbm?R

955.04 0.2799 1.17575


978.73
1002.5
1026.3
1050.1
1074.0

0.2598
0.2415
0.2248
0.2096
0.1956

1.18232
1.18876
1.19508
1.20129
1.20738

1098.0
1122.0

0.1828 1.21336
0.1710 1.2192

Note: The properties Pr (relative pressure) and vr (relative specific volume) are dimensionless quantities used in the analysis of isentropic processes, and should
not be confused with the properties pressure and specific volume.
Source of Data: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 83233, Table A5. Originally published in J. H. Keenan and
J.Kaye, Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1948).

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Confirming Pages
974
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A18E
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2
_
_
T
h
u
R
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,082.0
2,221.0
2,360.0
2,498.9
2,638.0

1,486.2
1,585.5
1,684.4
1,784.0
1,883.4

41.695
42.143
42.564
42.962
43.337

1080
1100
1120
1140
1160

7,551.0
7,695.0
7,839.3
7,984.0
8,129.0

5,406.2
5,510.5
5,615.2
5,720.1
5,825.4

50.651
50.783
50.912
51.040
51.167

400
420
440
460
480

2,777.0
2,916.1
3,055.1
3,194.1
3,333.1

1,982.6
2,082.0
2,181.3
2,280.6
2,379.9

43.694
44.034
44.357
44.665
44.962

1180
1200
1220
1240
1260

8,274.4
8,420.0
8,566.1
8,712.6
8,859.3

5,931.0
6,037.0
6,143.4
6,250.1
6,357.2

51.291
51.143
51.534
51.653
51.771

500
520
537
540
560

3,472.2
3,611.3
3,729.5
3,750.3
3,889.5

2,479.3
2,578.6
2,663.1
2,678.0
2,777.4

45.246
45.519
45.743
45.781
46.034

1280
1300
1320
1340
1360

9,006.4
9,153.9
9,301.8
9,450.0
9,598.6

6,464.5
6,572.3
6,680.4
6,788.9
6,897.8

51.887
51.001
52.114
52.225
52.335

580
600
620
640
660

4,028.7
4,167.9
4,307.1
4,446.4
4,585.8

2,876.9
2,976.4
3,075.9
3,175.5
3,275.2

46.278
46.514
46.742
46.964
47.178

1380
1400
1420
1440
1460

9,747.5
9,896.9
10,046.6
10,196.6
10,347.0

7,007.0
7,116.7
7,226.7
7,337.0
7,447.6

52.444
52.551
52.658
52.763
52.867

680
700
720
740
760

4,725.3
4,864.9
5,004.5
5,144.3
5,284.1

3,374.9
3,474.8
3,574.7
3,674.7
3,774.9

47.386
47.588
47.785
47.977
48.164

1480
1500
1520
1540
1560

10,497.8
10,648.0
10,800.4
10,952.2
11,104.3

7,558.7
7,670.1
7,781.9
7,893.9
8,006.4

52.969
53.071
53.171
53.271
53.369

780
800
820
840
860

5,424.2
5,564.4
5,704.7
5,845.3
5,985.9

3,875.2
3,975.7
4,076.3
4,177.1
4,278.1

48.345
48.522
48.696
48.865
49.031

1580
1600
1620
1640
1660

11,256.9
11,409.7
11,562.8
11,716.4
11,870.2

8,119.2
8,232.3
8,345.7
8,459.6
8,573.6

53.465
53.561
53.656
53.751
53.844

880
900
920
940
960

6,126.9
6,268.1
6,409.6
6,551.2
6,693.1

4,379.4
4,480.8
4,582.6
4,684.5
4,786.7

49.193
49.352
49.507
49.659
49.808

1680
1700
1720
1740
1760

12,024.3
12,178.9
12,333.7
12,488.8
12,644.3

8,688.1
8,802.9
8,918.0
9,033.4
9,149.2

53.936
54.028
54.118
54.208
54.297

980
1000
1020
1040
1060

6,835.4
6,977.9
7,120.7
7,263.8
7,407.2

4,889.3
4,992.0
5,095.1
5,198.5
5,302.2

49.955
50.099
50.241
50.380
50.516

1780
1800
1820
1840
1860

12,800.2
12,956.3
13,112.7
13,269.5
13,426.5

9,265.3
9,381.7
9,498.4
9,615.5
9,732.8

54.385
54.472
54.559
54.645
54.729

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 974

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Confirming Pages
975
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A18E
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

1900
1940
1980
2020
2060

13,742
14,058
14,375
14,694
15,013

9,968
10,205
10,443
10,682
10,923

54.896
55.061
55.223
55.383
55.540

2100
2140
2180
2220
2260

15,334
15,656
15,978
16,302
16,626

11,164
11,406
11,649
11,893
12,138

2300
2340
2380
2420
2460

16,951
17,277
17,604
17,392
18,260

2500
2540
2580
2620
2660

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

3500
3540
3580
3620
3660

27,016
27,359
27,703
28,046
28,391

20,065
20,329
20,593
20,858
21,122

59.944
60.041
60.138
60.234
60.328

55.694
55.846
55.995
56.141
56.286

3700
3740
3780
3820
3860

28,735
29,080
29,425
29,771
30,117

21,387
21,653
21,919
22,185
22,451

60.422
60.515
60.607
60.698
60.788

12,384
12,630
12,878
13,126
13,375

56.429
56.570
56.708
56.845
56.980

3900
3940
3980
4020
4060

30,463
30,809
31,156
31,503
31,850

22,718
22,985
23,252
23,520
23,788

60.877
60.966
61.053
61.139
61.225

18,590
18,919
19,250
19,582
19,914

13,625
13,875
14,127
14,379
14,631

57.112
57.243
57.372
57.499
57.625

4100
4140
4180
4220
4260

32,198
32,546
32,894
33,242
33,591

24,056
24,324
24,593
24,862
25,131

61.310
61.395
61.479
61.562
61.644

2700
2740
2780
2820
2860

20,246
20,580
20,914
21,248
21,584

14,885
15,139
15,393
15,648
15,905

57.750
57.872
57.993
58.113
58.231

4300
4340
4380
4420
4460

33,940
34,289
34,638
34,988
35,338

25,401
25,670
25,940
26,210
26,481

61.726
61.806
61.887
61.966
62.045

2900
2940
2980
3020
3060

21,920
22,256
22,593
22,930
23,268

16,161
16,417
16,675
16,933
17,192

58.348
58.463
58.576
58.688
58.800

4500
4540
4580
4620
4660

35,688
36,038
36,389
36,739
37,090

26,751
27,022
27,293
27,565
27,836

62.123
62.201
62.278
62.354
62.429

3100
3140
3180
3220
3260

23,607
23,946
24,285
24,625
24,965

17,451
17,710
17,970
18,231
18,491

58.910
59.019
59.126
59.232
59.338

4700
4740
4780
4820
4860

37,441
37,792
38,144
38,495
38,847

28,108
28,379
28,651
28,924
29,196

62.504
62.578
62.652
62.725
62.798

3300
3340
3380
3420
3460

25,306
25,647
25,989
26,331
26,673

18,753
19,014
19,277
19,539
19,802

59.442
59.544
59.646
59.747
59.846

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

39,199
40,080
40,962
41,844
42,728

29,468
30,151
30,834
31,518
32,203

62.870
63.049
63.223
63.395
63.563

Source of Data: Tables A18E through A23E are adapted from Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 83444.
Originally published in J. H. Keenan and J. Kaye, Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1945).

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 975

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Confirming Pages
976
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A19E
Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2
_
_
T
h
u
R
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,073.5
2,212.6
2,351.7
2,490.8
2,630.0

1,477.8
1,577.1
1,676.5
1,775.9
1,875.3

44.927
45.375
45.797
46.195
46.571

1080
1100
1120
1140
1160

7,696.8
7,850.4
8,004.5
8,159.1
8,314.2

5,552.1
5,665.9
5,780.3
5,895.2
6,010.6

54.064
54.204
54.343
54.480
54.614

400
420
440
460
480

2,769.1
2,908.3
3,047.5
3,186.9
3,326.5

1,974.8
2,074.3
2,173.8
2,273.4
2,373.3

46.927
47.267
47.591
47.900
48.198

1180
1200
1220
1240
1260

8,469.8
8,625.8
8,782.4
8,939.4
9,096.7

6,126.5
6,242.8
6,359.6
6,476.9
6,594.5

54.748
54.879
55.008
55.136
55.262

500
520
537
540
560

3,466.2
3,606.1
3,725.1
3,746.2
3,886.6

2,473.2
2,573.4
2,658.7
2,673.8
2,774.5

48.483
48.757
48.982
49.021
49.276

1280
1300
1320
1340
1360

9,254.6
9,412.9
9,571.9
9,730.7
9,890.2

6,712.7
6,831.3
6,950.2
7,069.6
7,189.4

55.386
55.508
55.630
55.750
55.867

580
600
620
640
660

4,027.3
4,168.3
4,309.7
4,451.4
4,593.5

2,875.5
2,976.8
3,078.4
3,180.4
3,282.9

49.522
49.762
49.993
50.218
50.437

1380
1400
1420
1440
1460

10,050.1
10,210.4
10,371.0
10,532.0
10,693.3

7,309.6
7,430.1
7,551.1
7,672.4
7,793.9

55.984
56.099
56.213
56.326
56.437

680
700
720
740
760

4,736.2
4,879.3
5,022.9
5,167.0
5,311.4

3,385.8
3,489.2
3,593.1
3,697.4
3,802.4

50.650
50.858
51.059
51.257
51.450

1480
1500
1520
1540
1560

10,855.1
11,017.1
11,179.6
11,342.4
11,505.4

7,916.0
8,038.3
8,161.1
8,284.2
8,407.4

56.547
56.656
56.763
56.869
56.975

780
800
820
840
860

5,456.4
5,602.0
5,748.1
5,894.8
6,041.9

3,907.5
4,013.3
4,119.7
4,226.6
4,334.1

51.638
51.821
52.002
52.179
52.352

1580
1600
1620
1640
1660

11,668.8
11,832.5
11,996.6
12,160.9
12,325.5

8,531.1
8,655.1
8,779.5
8,904.1
9,029.0

57.079
57.182
57.284
57.385
57.484

880
900
920
940
960

6,189.6
6,337.9
6,486.7
6,636.1
6,786.0

4,442.0
4,550.6
4,659.7
4,769.4
4,879.5

52.522
52.688
52.852
53.012
53.170

1680
1700
1720
1740
1760

12,490.4
12,655.6
12,821.1
12,986.9
13,153.0

9,154.1
9,279.6
9,405.4
9,531.5
9,657.9

57.582
57.680
57.777
57.873
57.968

980
1000
1020
1040
1060

6,936.4
7,087.5
7,238.9
7,391.0
7,543.6

4,990.3
5,101.6
5,213.3
5,325.7
5,438.6

53.326
53.477
53.628
53.775
53.921

1780
1800
1820
1840
1860

13,319.2
13,485.8
13,652.5
13,819.6
13,986.8

9,784.4
9,911.2
10,038.2
10,165.6
10,293.1

58.062
58.155
58.247
58.339
58.428

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 976

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
977
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A19E
Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

1900
1940
1980
2020
2060

14,322
14,658
14,995
15,333
15,672

10,549
10,806
11,063
11,321
11,581

58.607
58.782
58.954
59.123
59.289

2100
2140
2180
2220
2260

16,011
16,351
16,692
17,036
17,376

11,841
12,101
12,363
12,625
12,888

2300
2340
2380
2420
2460

17,719
18,062
18,407
18,572
19,097

2500
2540
2580
2620
2660

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

3500
3540
3580
3620
3660

28,273
28,633
28,994
29,354
29,716

21,323
21,603
21,884
22,165
22,447

63.914
64.016
64.114
64.217
64.316

59.451
59.612
59.770
59.926
60.077

3700
3740
3780
3820
3860

30,078
30,440
30,803
31,166
31,529

22,730
23,013
23,296
23,580
23,864

64.415
64.512
64.609
64.704
64.800

13,151
13,416
13,680
13,946
14,212

60.228
60.376
60.522
60.666
60.808

3900
3940
3980
4020
4060

31,894
32,258
32,623
32,989
33,355

24,149
24,434
24,720
25,006
25,292

64.893
64.986
65.078
65.169
65.260

19,443
19,790
20,138
20,485
20,834

14,479
14,746
15,014
15,282
15,551

60.946
61.084
61.220
61.354
61.486

4100
4140
4180
4220
4260

33,722
34,089
34,456
34,824
35,192

25,580
25,867
26,155
26,144
26,733

65.350
64.439
65.527
65.615
65.702

2700
2740
2780
2820
2860

21,183
21,533
21,883
22,232
22,584

15,821
16,091
16,362
16,633
16,905

61.616
61.744
61.871
61.996
62.120

4300
4340
4380
4420
4460

35,561
35,930
36,300
36,670
37,041

27,022
27,312
27,602
27,823
28,184

65.788
65.873
65.958
66.042
66.125

2900
2940
2980
3020
3060

22,936
23,288
23,641
23,994
24,348

17,177
17,450
17,723
17,997
18,271

62.242
62.363
62.483
62.599
62.716

4500
4540
4580
4620
4660

37,412
37,783
38,155
38,528
38,900

28,475
28,768
29,060
29,353
29,646

66.208
66.290
66.372
66.453
66.533

3100
3140
3180
3220
3260

24,703
25,057
25,413
25,769
26,175

18,546
18,822
19,098
19,374
19,651

62.831
62.945
63.057
63.169
63.279

4700
4740
4780
4820
4860

39,274
39,647
40,021
40,396
40,771

29,940
30,234
30,529
30,824
31,120

66.613
66.691
66.770
66.848
66.925

3300
3340
3380
3420
3460

26,412
26,839
27,197
27,555
27,914

19,928
20,206
20,485
20,763
21,043

63.386
63.494
63.601
63.706
63.811

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

41,146
42,086
43,021
43,974
44,922

31,415
32,157
32,901
33,648
34,397

67.003
67.193
67.380
67.562
67.743

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 977

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Confirming Pages
978
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A20E
Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
R
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,108.2
2,256.6
2,407.3
2,560.5
2,716.4

1,512.4
1,621.1
1,732.1
1,845.6
1,961.8

46.353
46.832
47.289
47.728
48.148

1080
1100
1120
1140
1160

9,575.8
9,802.6
10,030.6
10,260.1
10,490.6

7,431.1
7,618.1
7,806.4
7,996.2
8,187.0

58.072
58.281
58.485
58.689
58.889

400
420
440
460
480

2,874.7
3,035.7
3,199.4
3,365.7
3,534.7

2,080.4
2,201.7
2,325.6
2,452.2
2,581.5

48.555
48.947
49.329
49.698
50.058

1180
1200
1220
1240
1260

10,722.3
10,955.3
11,189.4
11,424.6
11,661.0

8,379.0
8,572.3
8,766.6
8,962.1
9,158.8

59.088
59.283
59.477
59.668
59.858

500
520
537
540
560

3,706.2
3,880.3
4,027.5
4,056.8
4,235.8

2,713.3
2,847.7
2,963.8
2,984.4
3,123.7

50.408
50.750
51.032
51.082
51.408

1280
1300
1320
1340
1360

11,898.4
12,136.9
12,376.4
12,617.0
12,858.5

9,356.5
9,555.3
9,755.0
9,955.9
10,157.7

60.044
60.229
60.412
60.593
60.772

580
600
620
640
660

4,417.2
4,600.9
4,786.6
4,974.9
5,165.2

3,265.4
3,409.4
3,555.6
3,704.0
3,854.6

51.726
52.038
52.343
52.641
52.934

1380
1400
1420
1440
1460

13,101.0
13,344.7
13,589.1
13,834.5
14,080.8

10,360.5
10,564.5
10,769.2
10,974.8
11,181.4

60.949
61.124
61.298
61.469
61.639

680
700
720
740
760

5,357.6
5,552.0
5,748.4
5,946.8
6,147.0

4,007.2
4,161.9
4,318.6
4,477.3
4,637.9

53.225
53.503
53.780
54.051
54.319

1480
1500
1520
1540
1560

14,328.0
14,576.0
14,824.9
15,074.7
15,325.3

11,388.9
11,597.2
11,806.4
12,016.5
12,227.3

61.800
61.974
62.138
62.302
62.464

780
800
820
840
860

6,349.1
6,552.9
6,758.3
6,965.7
7,174.7

4,800.1
4,964.2
5,129.9
5,297.6
5,466.9

54.582
54.839
55.093
55.343
55.589

1580
1600
1620
1640
1660

15,576.7
15,829.0
16,081.9
16,335.7
16,590.2

12,439.0
12,651.6
12,864.8
13,078.9
13,293.7

62.624
62.783
62.939
63.095
63.250

880
900
920
940
960

7,385.3
7,597.6
7,811.4
8,026.8
8,243.8

5,637.7
5,810.3
5,984.4
6,160.1
6,337.4

55.831
56.070
56.305
56.536
56.765

1680
1700
1720
1740
1760

16,845.5
17,101.4
17,358.1
17,615.5
17,873.5

13,509.2
13,725.4
13,942.4
14,160.1
14,378.4

63.403
63.555
63.704
63.853
64.001

980
1000
1020
1040
1060

8,462.2
8,682.1
8,903.4
9,126.2
9,350.3

6,516.1
6,696.2
6,877.8
7,060.9
7,245.3

56.990
57.212
57.432
57.647
57.861

1780
1800
1820
1840
1860

18,132.2
18,391.5
18,651.5
18,912.2
19,173.4

14,597.4
14,816.9
15,037.2
15,258.2
15,479.7

64.147
64.292
64.435
64.578
64.719

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 978

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
979
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A20E
Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

1900
1940
1980
2020
2060

19,698
20,224
20,753
21,284
21,818

15,925
16,372
16,821
17,273
17,727

64.999
65.272
65.543
65.809
66.069

3500
3540
3580
3620
3660

41,965
42,543
43,121
43,701
44,280

35,015
35,513
36,012
36,512
37,012

73.462
73.627
73.789
73.951
74.110

2100
2140
2180
2220
2260

22,353
22,890
23,429
23,970
24,512

18,182
18,640
19,101
19,561
20,024

66.327
66.581
66.830
67.076
67.319

3700
3740
3780
3820
3860

44,861
45,442
46,023
46,605
47,188

37,513
38,014
38,517
39,019
39,522

74.267
74.423
74.578
74.732
74.884

2300
2340
2380
2420
2460

25,056
25,602
26,150
26,699
27,249

20,489
20,955
21,423
21,893
22,364

67.557
67.792
68.025
68.253
68.479

3900
3940
3980
4020
4060

47,771
48,355
48,939
49,524
50,109

40,026
40,531
41,035
41,541
42,047

75.033
75.182
75.330
75.477
75.622

2500
2540
2580
2620
2660

27,801
28,355
28,910
29,465
30,023

22,837
23,310
23,786
24,262
24,740

68.702
68.921
69.138
69.352
69.563

4100
4140
4180
4220
4260

50,695
51,282
51,868
52,456
53,044

42,553
43,060
43,568
44,075
44,584

75.765
75.907
76.048
76.188
76.327

2700
2740
2780
2820
2860

30,581
31,141
31,702
32,264
32,827

25,220
25,701
26,181
26,664
27,148

69.771
69.977
70.181
70.382
70.580

4300
4340
4380
4420
4460

53,632
54,221
54,810
55,400
55,990

45,093
45,602
46,112
46,622
47,133

76.464
76.601
76.736
76.870
77.003

2900
2940
2980
3020
3060

33,392
33,957
34,523
35,090
35,659

27,633
28,118
28,605
29,093
29,582

70.776
70.970
71.160
71.350
71.537

4500
4540
4580
4620
4660

56,581
57,172
57,764
58,356
58,948

47,645
48,156
48,668
49,181
49,694

77.135
77.266
77.395
77.581
77.652

3100
3140
3180
3220
3260

36,228
36,798
37,369
37,941
38,513

30,072
30,562
31,054
31,546
32,039

71.722
71.904
72.085
72.264
72.441

4700
4740
4780
4820
4860

59,541
60,134
60,728
61,322
61,916

50,208
50,721
51,236
51,750
52,265

77.779
77.905
78.029
78.153
78.276

3300
3340
3380
3420
3460

39,087
39,661
40,236
40,812
41,388

32,533
33,028
33,524
34,020
34,517

72.616
72.788
72.960
73.129
73.297

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

62,511
64,000
65,491
66,984
68,471

52,781
54,071
55,363
56,658
57,954

78.398
78.698
78.994
79.284
79.569

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 979

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
980
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A21E
Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide,
_
_
T
h
u
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol
R

CO
_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,081.9
2,220.9
2,359.9
2,498.8
2,637.9

1,486.1
1,585.4
1,684.7
1,783.9
1,883.3

43.223
43.672
44.093
44.490
44.866

1080
1100
1120
1140
1160

7,571.1
7,716.8
7,862.9
8,009.2
8,156.1

5,426.4
5,532.3
5,638.7
5,745.4
5,851.5

52.203
52.337
52.468
52.598
52.726

400
420
440
460
480

2,776.9
2,916.0
3,055.0
3,194.0
3,333.0

1,982.6
2,081.9
2,181.2
2,280.5
2,379.8

45.223
45.563
45.886
46.194
46.491

1180
1200
1220
1240
1260

8,303.3
8,450.8
8,598.8
8,747.2
8,896.0

5,960.0
6,067.8
6,176.0
6,284.7
6,393.8

52.852
52.976
53.098
53.218
53.337

500
520
537
540
560

3,472.1
3,611.2
3,725.1
3,750.3
3,889.5

2,479.2
2,578.6
2,663.1
2,677.9
2,777.4

46.775
47.048
47.272
47.310
47.563

1280
1300
1320
1340
1360

9,045.0
9,194.6
9,344.6
9,494.8
9,645.5

6,503.1
6,613.0
6,723.2
6,833.7
6,944.7

53.455
53.571
53.685
53.799
53.910

580
600
620
640
660

4,028.7
4,168.0
4,307.4
4,446.9
4,586.6

2,876.9
2,976.5
3,076.2
3,175.9
3,275.8

47.807
48.044
48.272
48.494
48.709

1380
1400
1420
1440
1460

9,796.6
9,948.1
10,100.0
10,252.2
10,404.8

7,056.1
7,167.9
7,280.1
7,392.6
7,505.4

54.021
54.129
54.237
54.344
54.448

680
700
720
740
760

4,726.2
4,886.0
5,006.1
5,146.4
5,286.8

3,375.8
3,475.9
3,576.3
3,676.9
3,777.5

48.917
49.120
49.317
49.509
49.697

1480
1500
1520
1540
1560

10,557.8
10,711.1
10,864.9
11,019.0
11,173.4

7,618.7
7,732.3
7,846.4
7,960.8
8,075.4

54.522
54.665
54.757
54.858
54.958

780
800
820
840
860

5,427.4
5,568.2
5,709.4
5,850.7
5,992.3

3,878.4
3,979.5
4,081.0
4,182.6
4,284.5

49.880
50.058
50.232
50.402
50.569

1580
1600
1620
1640
1660

11,328.2
11,483.4
11,638.9
11,794.7
11,950.9

8,190.5
8,306.0
8,421.8
8,537.9
8,654.4

55.056
55.154
55.251
55.347
55.411

880
900
920
940
960

6,134.2
6,276.4
6,419.0
6,561.7
6,704.9

4,386.6
4,489.1
4,592.0
4,695.0
4,798.5

50.732
50.892
51.048
51.202
51.353

1680
1700
1720
1740
1760

12,107.5
12,264.3
12,421.4
12,579.0
12,736.7

8,771.2
8,888.3
9,005.7
9,123.6
9,241.6

55.535
55.628
55.720
55.811
55.900

980
1000
1020
1040
1060

6,848.4
6,992.2
7,136.4
7,281.0
7,425.9

4,902.3
5,006.3
5,110.8
5,215.7
5,320.9

51.501
51.646
51.788
51.929
52.067

1780
1800
1820
1840
1860

12,894.9
13,053.2
13,212.0
13,371.0
13,530.2

9,360.0
9,478.6
9,597.7
9,717.0
9,836.5

55.990
56.078
56.166
56.253
56.339

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 980

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
981
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A21E
Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

1900
1940
1980
2020
2060

13,850
14,170
14,492
14,815
15,139

10,077
10,318
10,560
10,803
11,048

56.509
56.677
56.841
57.007
57.161

2100
2140
2180
2220
2260

15,463
15,789
16,116
16,443
16,722

11,293
11,539
11,787
12,035
12,284

2300
2340
2380
2420
2460

17,101
17,431
17,762
18,093
18,426

2500
2540
2580
2620
2660

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

3500
3540
3580
3620
3660

27,262
27,608
27,954
28,300
28,647

20,311
20,576
20,844
21,111
21,378

61.612
61.710
61.807
61.903
61.998

57.317
57.470
57.621
57.770
57.917

3700
3740
3780
3820
3860

28,994
29,341
29,688
30,036
30,384

21,646
21,914
22,182
22,450
22,719

62.093
62.186
62.279
62.370
62.461

12,534
12,784
13,035
13,287
13,541

58.062
58.204
58.344
58.482
58.619

3900
3940
3980
4020
4060

30,733
31,082
31,431
31,780
32,129

22,988
23,257
23,527
23,797
24,067

62.511
62.640
62.728
62.816
62.902

18,759
19,093
19,427
19,762
20,098

13,794
14,048
14,303
14,559
14,815

58.754
58.885
59.016
59.145
59.272

4100
4140
4180
4220
4260

32,479
32,829
33,179
33,530
33,880

24,337
24,608
24,878
25,149
25,421

62.988
63.072
63.156
63.240
63.323

2700
2740
2780
2820
2860

20,434
20,771
21,108
21,446
21,785

15,072
15,330
15,588
15,846
16,105

59.398
59.521
59.644
59.765
59.884

4300
4340
4380
4420
4460

34,231
34,582
34,934
35,285
35,637

25,692
25,934
26,235
26,508
26,780

63.405
63.486
63.567
63.647
63.726

2900
2940
2980
3020
3060

22,124
22,463
22,803
23,144
23,485

16,365
16,225
16,885
17,146
17,408

60.002
60.118
60.232
60.346
60.458

4500
4540
4580
4620
4660

35,989
36,341
36,693
37,046
37,398

27,052
27,325
27,598
27,871
28,144

63.805
63.883
63.960
64.036
64.113

3100
3140
3180
3220
3260

23,826
24,168
24,510
24,853
25,196

17,670
17,932
18,195
18,458
18,722

60.569
60.679
60.787
60.894
61.000

4700
4740
4780
4820
4860

37,751
38,104
38,457
38,811
39,164

28,417
28,691
28,965
29,239
29,513

64.188
64.263
64.337
64.411
64.484

3300
3340
3380
3420
3460

25,539
25,883
26,227
26,572
26,917

18,986
19,250
19,515
19,780
20,045

61.105
61.209
61.311
61.412
61.513

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

39,518
40,403
41,289
42,176
43,063

29,787
30,473
31,161
31,849
32,538

64.556
64.735
64.910
65.082
65.252

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 981

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Confirming Pages
982
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A22E
Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2
_
_
T
h
u
R
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,063.5
2,189.4
2,317.2
2,446.8
2,577.8

1,467.7
1,553.9
1,642.0
1,731.9
1,823.2

27.337
27.742
28.130
28.501
28.856

1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

9,673.8
10,381.5
11,092.5
11,807.4
12,526.8

6,893.6
7,402.7
7,915.1
8,431.4
8,952.2

37.883
38.372
38.830
39.264
39.675

400
420
440
460
480

2,710.2
2,843.7
2,978.1
3,113.5
3,249.4

1,915.8
2,009.6
2,104.3
2,200.0
2,296.2

29.195
29.520
29.833
30.133
20.424

1900
2000
2100
2200
2300

13,250.9
13,980.1
14,714.5
15,454.4
16,199.8

9,477.8
10,008.4
10,544.2
11,085.5
11,632.3

40.067
40.441
40.799
41.143
41.475

500
520
537
540
560

3,386.1
3,523.2
3,640.3
3,660.9
3,798.8

2,393.2
2,490.6
2,573.9
2,588.5
2,686.7

30.703
30.972
31.194
31.232
31.482

2400
2500
2600
2700
2800

16,950.6
17,707.3
18,469.7
19,237.8
20,011.8

12,184.5
12,742.6
13,306.4
13,876.0
14,451.4

41.794
42.104
42.403
42.692
42.973

580
600
620
640
660

3,937.1
4,075.6
4,214.3
4,353.1
4,492.1

2,785.3
2,884.1
2,983.1
3,082.1
3,181.4

31.724
31.959
32.187
32.407
32.621

2900
3000
3100
3200
3300

20,791.5
21,576.9
22,367.7
23,164.1
23,965.5

15,032.5
15,619.3
16,211.5
16,809.3
17,412.1

43.247
43.514
43.773
44.026
44.273

680
700
720
740
760

4,631.1
4,770.2
4,909.5
5,048.8
5,188.1

3,280.7
3,380.1
3,479.6
3,579.2
3,678.8

32.829
33.031
33.226
33.417
33.603

3400
3500
3600
3700
3800

24,771.9
25,582.9
26,398.5
27,218.5
28,042.8

18,019.9
18,632.4
19,249.4
19,870.8
20,496.5

44.513
44.748
44.978
45.203
45.423

780
800
820
840
860

5,327.6
5,467.1
5,606.7
5,746.3
5,885.9

3,778.6
3,878.4
3,978.3
4,078.2
4,178.0

33.784
33.961
34.134
34.302
34.466

3900
4000
4100
4200
4300

28,871.1
29,703.5
30,539.8
31,379.8
32,223.5

21,126.2
21,760.0
22,397.7
23,039.2
23,684.3

45.638
45.849
46.056
46.257
46.456

880
900
920
940
960

6,025.6
6,165.3
6,305.1
6,444.9
6,584.7

4,278.0
4,378.0
4,478.1
4,578.1
4,678.3

34.627
34.784
34.938
35.087
35.235

4400
4500
4600
4700
4800

33,070.9
33,921.6
34,775.7
35,633.0
36,493.4

24,333.1
24,985.2
25,640.7
26,299.4
26,961.2

46.651
46.842
47.030
47.215
47.396

980
1000
1100
1200
1300

6,724.6
6,864.5
7,564.6
8,265.8
8,968.7

4,778.4
4,878.6
5,380.1
5,882.8
6,387.1

35.379
35.520
36.188
36.798
37.360

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

35,356.9
38,223.3
39,092.8
39,965.1
40,840.2

27,626.1
28,294.0
28,964.9
29,638.6
30,315.1

47.574
47.749
47.921
48.090
48.257

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 982

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Confirming Pages
983
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A23E
Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

300
320
340
360
380

2,367.6
2,526.8
2,686.0
2,845.1
3,004.4

1,771.8
1,891.3
2,010.8
2,130.2
2,249.8

40.439
40.952
41.435
41.889
42.320

1080
1100
1120
1140
1160

8,768.2
8,942.0
9,116.4
9,291.4
9,467.1

6,623.5
6,757.5
6,892.2
7,027.5
7,163.5

50.854
51.013
51.171
51.325
51.478

400
420
440
460
480

3,163.8
3,323.2
3,482.7
3,642.3
3,802.0

2,369.4
2,489.1
2,608.9
2,728.8
2,848.8

42.728
43.117
43.487
43.841
44.182

1180
1200
1220
1240
1260

9,643.4
9,820.4
9,998.0
10,176.1
10,354.9

7,300.1
7,437.4
7,575.2
7,713.6
7,852.7

51.360
51.777
51.925
52.070
52.212

500
520
537
540
560

3,962.0
4,122.0
4,258.0
4,282.4
4,442.8

2,969.1
3,089.4
3,191.9
3,210.0
3,330.7

44.508
44.821
45.079
45.124
45.415

1280
1300
1320
1340
1360

10,534.4
10,714.5
10,895.3
11,076.6
11,258.7

7,992.5
8,132.9
8,274.0
8,415.5
8,557.9

52.354
52.494
52.631
52.768
52.903

580
600
620
640
660

4,603.7
4,764.7
4,926.1
5,087.8
5,250.0

3,451.9
3,573.2
3,694.9
3,816.8
3,939.3

45.696
45.970
46.235
46.492
46.741

1380
1400
1420
1440
1460

11,441.4
11,624.8
11,808.8
11,993.4
12,178.8

8,700.9
8,844.6
8,988.9
9,133.8
9,279.4

53.037
53.168
53.299
53.428
53.556

680
700
720
740
760

5,412.5
5,575.4
5,738.8
5,902.6
6,066.9

4,062.1
4,185.3
4,309.0
4,433.1
4,557.6

46.984
47.219
47.450
47.673
47.893

1480
1500
1520
1540
1560

12,364.8
12,551.4
12,738.8
12,926.8
13,115.6

9,425.7
9,572.7
9,720.3
9,868.6
10,017.6

53.682
53.808
53.932
54.055
54.117

780
800
820
840
860

6,231.7
6,396.9
6,562.6
6,728.9
6,895.6

4,682.7
4,808.2
4,934.2
5,060.8
5,187.8

48.106
48.316
48.520
48.721
48.916

1580
1600
1620
1640
1660

13,305.0
13,494.4
13,685.7
13,877.0
14,069.2

10,167.3
10,317.6
10,468.6
10,620.2
10,772.7

54.298
54.418
54.535
54.653
54.770

880
900
920
940
960

7,062.9
7,230.9
7,399.4
7,568.4
7,738.0

5,315.3
5,443.6
5,572.4
5,701.7
5,831.6

49.109
49.298
49.483
49.665
49.843

1680
1700
1720
1740
1760

14,261.9
14,455.4
14,649.5
14,844.3
15,039.8

10,925.6
11,079.4
11,233.8
11,388.9
11,544.7

54.886
54.999
55.113
55.226
55.339

980
1000
1020
1040
1060

7,908.2
8,078.2
8,250.4
8,422.4
8,595.0

5,962.0
6,093.0
6,224.8
6,357.1
6,490.0

50.019
50.191
50.360
50.528
50.693

1780
1800
1820
1840
1860

15,236.1
15,433.0
15,630.6
15,828.7
16,027.6

11,701.2
11,858.4
12,016.3
12,174.7
12,333.9

55.449
55.559
55.668
55.777
55.884

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 983

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Confirming Pages
984
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A23E
Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O (Continued)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s8
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol?R
R
Btu/lbmol

T
R

_
h
Btu/lbmol

_
u
Btu/lbmol

_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R

1900
1940
1980
2020
2060

16,428
16,830
17,235
17,643
18,054

12,654
12,977
13,303
13,632
13,963

56.097
56.307
56.514
56.719
56.920

3500
3540
3580
3620
3660

34,324
34,809
35,296
35,785
36,274

27,373
27,779
28,187
28,596
29,006

62.876
63.015
63.153
63.288
63.423

2100
2140
2180
2220
2260

18,467
18,883
19,301
19,722
20,145

14,297
14,633
14,972
15,313
15,657

57.119
57.315
57.509
57.701
57.889

3700
3740
3780
3820
3860

36,765
37,258
37,752
38,247
38,743

29,418
29,831
30,245
30,661
31,077

63.557
63.690
63.821
63.952
64.082

2300
2340
2380
2420
2460

20,571
20,999
21,429
21,862
22,298

16,003
16,352
16,703
17,057
17,413

58.077
58.261
58.445
58.625
58.803

3900
3940
3980
4020
4060

39,240
39,739
40,239
40,740
41,242

31,495
31,915
32,335
32,757
33,179

64.210
64.338
64.465
64.591
64.715

2500
2540
2580
2620
2660

22,735
23,175
23,618
24,062
24,508

17,771
18,131
18,494
18,859
19,226

58.980
59.155
59.328
59.500
59.669

4100
4140
4180
4220
4260

41,745
42,250
42,755
43,267
43,769

33,603
34,028
34,454
34,881
35,310

64.839
64.962
65.084
65.204
65.325

2700
2740
2780
2820
2860

24,957
25,408
25,861
26,316
26,773

19,595
19,967
20,340
20,715
21,093

59.837
60.003
60.167
60.330
60.490

4300
4340
4380
4420
4460

44,278
44,788
45,298
45,810
46,322

35,739
36,169
36,600
37,032
37,465

65.444
65.563
65.680
65.797
65.913

2900
2940
2980
3020
3060

27,231
27,692
28,154
28,619
29,085

21,472
21,853
22,237
22,621
23,085

60.650
60.809
60.965
61.120
61.274

4500
4540
4580
4620
4660

46,836
47,350
47,866
48,382
48,899

37,900
38,334
38,770
39,207
39,645

66.028
66.142
66.255
66.368
66.480

3100
3140
3180
3220
3260

29,553
30,023
30,494
30,967
31,442

23,397
23,787
24,179
24,572
24,968

61.426
61.577
61.727
61.874
62.022

4700
4740
4780
4820
4860

49,417
49,936
50,455
50,976
51,497

40,083
40,523
40,963
41,404
41,856

66.591
66.701
66.811
66.920
67.028

3300
3340
3380
3420
3460

31,918
32,396
32,876
33,357
33,839

25,365
25,763
26,164
26,565
26,968

62.167
62.312
62.454
62.597
62.738

4900
5000
5100
5200
5300

52,019
53,327
54,640
55,957
57,279

42,288
43,398
44,512
45,631
46,754

67.135
67.401
67.662
67.918
68.172

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 984

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Confirming Pages
985
APPENDIX 2

TABLE A26E
Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute
778F, 1 atm
_
_
h f8
g f8
Substance
Formula
Btu/lbmol
Btu/lbmol
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Water vapor
Water
Hydrogen peroxide
Ammonia
Methane
Acetylene
Ethylene
Ethane
Propylene
Propane
n-Butane
n-Octane
n-Octane
n-Dodecane
Benzene
Methyl alcohol
Methyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol
Oxygen
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Hydroxyl

C(s)
H2(g)
N2(g)
O2(g)
CO(g)
CO2(g)
H2O(g)
H2O(,)
H2O2(g)
NH3(g)
CH4(g)
C2H2(g)
C2H4(g)
C2H6(g)
C3H6(g)
C3H8(g)
C4H10(g)
C8H18(g)
C8H18(,)
C12H26(g)
C6H6(g)
CH3OH(g)
CH3OH(,)
C2H5OH(g)
C2H5OH(,)
O(g)
H(g)
N(g)
OH(g)

0
0
0
0
247,540
2169,300
2104,040
2122,970
258,640
219,750
232,210
197,540
122,490
236,420
18,790
244,680
254,270
289,680
2107,530
2125,190
135,680
286,540
2102,670
2101,230
2119,470
1107,210
193,780
1203,340
116,790

0
0
0
0
259,010
2169,680
298,350
2102,040
245,430
27,140
221,860
187,990
129,306
214,150
126,980
210,105
26,760
17,110
12,840
121,570
155,780
269,700
271,570
272,520
275,240
199,710
187,460
1195,970
114,750

entropy at
_
s8
Btu/lbmol?R
1.36
31.21
45.77
49.00
47.21
51.07
45.11
16.71
55.60
45.97
44.49
48.00
52.54
54.85
63.80
64.51
74.11
111.55
86.23
148.86
64.34
57.29
30.30
67.54
38.40
38.47
27.39
36.61
43.92

Source of Data: From JANAF, Thermochemical Tables (Midland, MI: Dow Chemical Co., 1971), Selected
Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Technical Note 270-3, 1968; and API Research
Project 44 (Carnegie Press, 1953).

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 985

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Confirming Pages
986
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A27E
Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons

Fuel (phase)

Formula

Molar
mass,
lbm/lbmol

Carbon (s)
Hydrogen (g)
Carbon monoxide (g)
Methane (g)
Methanol (,)
Acetylene (g)
Ethane (g)
Ethanol (,)
Propane (,)
Butane (,)
1-Pentene (,)
Isopentane (,)
Benzene (,)
Hexene (,)
Hexane (,)
Toluene (,)
Heptane (,)
Octane (,)
Decane (,)
Gasoline (,)
Light diesel (,)
Heavy diesel (,)
Natural gas (g)

C
H2
CO
CH4
CH4O
C2H2
C2H6
C2H6O
C3H8
C4H10
C5H10
C5H12
C6H6
C6H12
C6H14
C7H8
C7H16
C8H18
C10H22
CnH1.87n
CnH1.8n
CnH1.7n
CnH3.8nN0.1n

12.011
2.016
28.013
16.043
32.042
26.038
30.070
46.069
44.097
58.123
70.134
72.150
78.114
84.161
86.177
92.141
100.204
114.231
142.285
100110
170
200
18

Density,1
lbm/ft3
125

49.3

49.3
31.2
36.1
40.0
39.1
54.7
42.0
41.2
54.1
42.7
43.9
45.6
4549
4952
5155

1At

1 atm and 688F.

2At

778F for liquid fuels, and 1 atm and normal boiling temperature for gaseous fuels.

3At

778F. Multiply by molar mass to obtain heating values in Btu/lbmol.

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 986

Enthalpy of
vaporization,2
Btu/lbm

219
502

74
395
144
156
156

186
169
157
177
157
156
155
151
116
99

Specific
heat,1 cp
Btu/lbm?8F
0.169
3.44
0.251
0.525
0.604
0.404
0.418
0.583
0.662
0.578
0.525
0.554
0.411
0.439
0.542
0.408
0.535
0.533
0.528
0.57
0.53
0.45
0.48

Higher
heating
value,3
Btu/lbm

Lower
heating
value,3
Btu/lbm

14,100
60,970
4,340
23,880
9,740
21,490
22,320
12,760
21,640
21,130
20,540
20,890
17,970
20,430
20,770
18,230
20,680
20,590
20,490
20,300
19,800
19,600
21,500

14,100
51,600
4,340
21,520
8,570
20,760
20,430
11,530
19,930
19,510
19,190
19,310
17,240
19,090
19,240
17,420
19,180
19,100
19,020
18,900
18,600
18,400
19,400

11/22/13 6:53 PM

0.4
0.

35

30

40

45

50

45

55

30

12.
5
10

25

En

tu

50

,B
py

l
ha

13.

0.2

60

35

nd

ou

rp

pe

ry

d
of

55

ai

65

Prepared by Center for Applied Thermodynamic Studies, University of Idaho.

25

30

35

15

20

1000
Enthalpy
h
=
Humidity ratio

QS
Sensible heat

=
QT
Total heat

1000
0

40

90

65

13.
5
70

30%

0%

70

80

midity
ative hu

20

10% Rel

20%

75

Dry bulb temperature, F

50

60

%
70

80

From the American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, GA: used with permission.

15

60

70

75

45

85
FW
et b
ulb
t
e mp
e ra t

90

ure

25

15.

FIGURE A31E
Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure.

00

15

0.6
0.5

2.0
4.0

2 4.0
.0
1
.0

60

1.0

tem

1.0
0.8

85

95

tu
Sa

ra
ti

on

F
re
tu
ra
pe

65

0.1

35

%
80

Sea Level

40

50

50

50

60

u
Vol

110

1992 American Society of Heating,


Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.

75

200

80

000
5000 3
0.1

90

.5
0 0.4
.3
0
0.2

45

55

14.
85

55

Dry bulb temperature F

er

100

cen98179_ch19-ap02_947-987.indd 987
t. p

105

u. f
air

115

,c
me
ry
lb d

.002

.004

.006

.008

.010

.012

.014

.016

.018

.020

.022

.024

.026

.028

120

ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 1


Normal Temperature
Barometric Pressure: 29.921 inches of mercury

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

Confirming Pages
987
APPENDIX 2

14.
5

11/22/13 6:53 PM

Humidity ratio, pounds moisture per pound dry air