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Peters &

Thieding

Allgemeine
Elektroenergieanlagen
Deutschland

Hochspannungstechnik GmbH

Vacuum load-break switch

LTV

Hochspannungstechnik Peters & Thieding GmbH

O V E RV I E W

The vacuum load-break switch LTV is a multi-purpose disconnector switch of class E 3,


i.e. it requires low maintenance and has the capability to interrupt higher rated currents and to close more frequently on short-circuit conditions.
It is a toggle load-break switch with integrated vacuum interrupting chamber.
The simple, robust structure and the reliable arc interrupting principle achieve a wide
range of applications.

The product range comprises load-break switches for the following voltage levels
and rated currents:

12 kV

630 A (1250 A in preparation)

24 kV

in preparation

The load-break switch is available in different versions:

Load-break switch with toggle spring mechanism

Load-break switch with toggle spring mechanism and earthing switch

Load-break switch with stored energy mechanism

Load-break switch with stored energy mechanism and earthing switch

Load-break switch with stored energy mechanism and HRC-fuse terminals

Load-break switch with stored energy mechanism, earthing switch and HRC-fuse
terminals

Advantages

excellent electrical characteristics (class E 3), thus operator safety achieved

no open arc occurs, thus neither thermal stress (contact burn-off) nor gas
emmissions

no blowing of the arc necessary, thus simple mechanical structure and reliable
switching of small currents achieved

low maintenance, long lifetime

simple operation because of reduced weight, low operating torque and angle

complies with the latest standard IEC 60265-1, 1998

TECHNICAL DATA

Standards:

IEC 60265-1 (1998), VDE 0670 Part 301 (1999)


IEC 60694 (1996), VDE 0670 Part 1000 (1998)
IEC 60420 (1993), VDE 0670 Part 303 (1994)
IEC 60129 (1994), VDE 0670 Part 2 (1998)

Electrical Data:
Rated voltage (Ur)

kV

12

Rated current (Ir)

630

kA

25

Rated peak withstand current (Ip )

kA

63

Rated short-circuit making current (Ima )

kV

50 (631))

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage 1,2/50s

kV

75/85

Rated power-frequency withstand voltage

kV

28/32

Rated frequency (fr)

Hz

50/60

Rated mainly active load breaking current (I1)

630

Rated closed loop breaking current (I2a )

630

Rated cable-charging breaking current (I4a )

50 (100)

Rated line-charging breaking current (I4b )

10

Rated earth-fault breaking current (I6a )

160

Rated cable- and line-charging breaking


current under earth-fault conditions (I6b )

100

kA

25

kA

63

Rated short-time withstand current (IK )


Rated short-circuit duration (tK )

Earthing switch (without fuse terminals)


Rated short-time withstand current (IK)
Rates short-circuit duration (tK)
Rated short-circuit making current (Ima)
Class

Earthing switch (with fuse terminals)


Rated short-time withstand current (IK)
Rates short-circuit duration (tK)
Rated short-circuit making current (Ima)

kA

10

kA

25

Class
1)

in class E 2

Type tests:

Dielectric power-frequency and lightning impulse voltage withstand tests


Short-time and peak withstand current tests
Making and breaking tests, test duties 1, 2a, 4a, 4b, 6a, 6b
Load-break switch-fuse-combination: test duties 1, 4 und 5
3

CONSTRUCTION

The three poles of the LTV vacuum load-break switch are mounted on a base
frame by cast resin pin-type insulators arranged in steps.
The contacts are almost vertical when open, thus a small installation depth
is achieved. Between the contact blades of each pole there is the arc interrupting device with auxiliary contact and a fully encapsulated vacuum interrupting chamber.
This vacuum chamber is a development of Peters & Thieding and is manufactured there as well. It consists of a fixed and a moving contact, sealed by
bellows.

Fixed contact

Moving contact

Contact blades

Curve plate

Draw-back springs
Vacuum chamber
Interlock slide

Earthing contact
Interrupting device

Earthing switch

LTV 12 kV with toggle spring mechanism and earthing switch

Making contact

Wing

Actuating journal load-break switch

Stored energy drive mechanism

Actuating journal earthing switch

HRC-fuse

LTV 12 kV with stored energy mechanism,


fuse terminals and earthing switch
4

FUNCTION

Figure 1: The switch is closed. The contact blades (1) and the interrupting
device (2) are connected to the making contact (3). The contacts
inside of the vacuum chamber (4) are closed and pressed together
by a spring inside of the chamber enclosure.

Figure 2: The opening procedure begins. The main contact opens. The
interrupting device is held on to the making contact by a hook (5).
The current commutates to the interrupting path. The main
contact continues opening. At a particular contact distance the
curve plate (6) begins to push the guide bolts (7) outwards and the
herewith connected contacts inside of the vacuum chamber open.
An arc occurs in the vacuum chamber.

4
3

Figure 1

1
2
5

Figure 3: The contacts inside of the vacuum chamber reach their maximal
distance. The arc extinguishes and the current is interrupted. The
contacts are held in the maximal distance by the curve plate.

Figure 4: During the further opening movement of the main contact the
release catch (8) reaches the end of the hook, the interrupting
device is released and leaves the making contact.

Figure 2

6
7

Figure 5: The interrupting device is drawn back by the draw-back springs


(9). The curve plate avoids an immediate closing of the contacts
inside of the vacuum chamber after the release, but ensures a
way-dependent closing movement.

Figure 3

Figure 6: The main contact has reached its final OFF-position and the interrupting device is swiveled back between the contact blades. The
contacts inside of the vacuum chamber are closed again and the
switch is ready for reclosing.

Figure 4

9
Swivel bearing
Fixed contact
Figure 5

Release catch (8)


Enclosure with vacuum chamber
Guide bolt (7)
Interrupting device (without outer encapsulation)

Figure 6
5

DESCRIPTION

Drive lever with release

Drive mechanism
The LTV is available in two variants: with toggle spring
mechanism and with stored energy mechanism by springs for
storage of the energy for opening. The stored energy mechanism is charged during the closing operation of the switch,
thus a separate charging operation is not necessary.

Drive plate
(for manual
operation)

Drive rod

Operation
The switch is fitted with a 30 mm dia. actuating journal, 90
for right hand or left hand mechanisms. Operating of the
switch can be effected with a double-rod, bevel gear or flexball mechanism. For remote operation a geared motor with
emergency manual operation in combination with a doublerod drive is available.

Position switch
ON

Position switch
OFF

Stroke cylinder

Earthing switch
Gear motor

Motor-operated double-rod drive

Fastener

Fuse holder

Below the LTV a quick-making earthing switch type PTE can


be installed. It is mechanically interlocked with the loadbreak switch by an interlock slide. The slide can be dismantled and the interlock removed. The earthing switch is equipped with a toggle spring mechanism, actuating journal and
operation are the same as of the load-break switch.

HRC-fuse terminals
For the application as transformer switch fuse terminals for
HRC-fuses acc. to DIN VDE 0670 part 4 and DIN 43625 can be
provided. In connection with a stored energy mechanism a
mechanical trip device is provided. It is released by the blowing pin of one of the fuses and trips the switch three-phase.

Auxiliary switches
Load-break switch and earthing switch can be equipped with
auxiliary switches. They have forced-operated contacts for
ON- and OFF-position and thus fully comply with IEC 60694.
Number, installation and application of the auxiliary switches
are shown in the overview of the switch variants accessories.

Trip lever

Trip rod
LTV with HRC-fuse terminals

Trip shaft

SWITCH VARIANTS LTV 12 KV

Pole centres Drive mechanism


mm

Drive side

Earthing
switch

Fuses

Type

Weight
ca. kg

150

Toggle spring

right

LTVK 1206 R 150

26

150

Toggle spring

left

LTVK 1206 L 150

26

210

Toggle spring

right

LTVK 1206 R 210

27

210

Toggle spring

left

LTVK 1206 L 210

27

150

Toggle spring

right

LTVKE 1206 R 150

36

150

Toggle spring

left

LTVKE 1206 L 150

36

210

Toggle spring

right

LTVKE 1206 R 210

38

210

Toggle spring

left

LTVKE 1206 L 210

38

150

Stored energy

right

LTVS 1206 R 150

32

150

Stored energy

left

LTVS 1206 L 150

32

210

Stored energy

right

LTVS 1206 R 210

33

210

Stored energy

left

LTVS 1206 L 210

33

150

Stored energy

right

LTVSE 1206 R 150

42

150

Stored energy

left

LTVSE 1206 L 150

42

210

Stored energy

right

LTVSE 1206 R 210

44

210

Stored energy

left

LTVSE 1206 L 210

44

150

Stored energy

right

LTVF 1206 R 150

46

150

Stored energy

left

LTVF 1206 L 150

46

210

Stored energy

right

LTVF 1206 R 210

47

210

Stored energy

left

LTVF 1206 L 210

47

150

Stored energy

right

LTVFE 1206 R 150

56

150

Stored energy

left

LTVFE 1206 L 150

56

210

Stored energy

right

LTVFE 1206 R 210

58

210

Stored energy

left

LTVFE 1206 L 210

58

Accessories
Shunt trip coil Y2
Motor drive
Blocking magnet (at the drive mechanism)
Auxiliary switches:
Load-break switch ON/OFF S1 and S2
Earthing switch ON/OFF S18 and S28
Fuse tripped S3 (stored energy mechanism only)
Position drive ON/OFF S4 and S5 (stored energy mechanism only )
Load-break switch ON/OFF S6 and S7 (motor drive only)
Earthing switch ON/OFF S8 and S9 (motor drive only)

DC: 24, 48, 60, 110, 220 V


AC: 115, 230 V

2 C + 2 O or 6 C + 6 O
2 C + 2 O or 6 C + 6 O
1C+1O
1C+1O
1 C/O
1 C/O
7

I N S TA L L AT I O N

The following instructions are to be observed on installation of the load-break switch


to ensure perfect function and avoid damages:

For safety reasons, the switch is supplied in the closed position with the toggle
spring relaxed.

The operating mechanism has to be rated for a breakaway torque of max. 240 Nm
(opening torque under normal conditions: load-break switch 80 Nm, earthing
switch 130 Nm).

Do not remove the grease from the contacts, regrease if necessary (lubricant type
Isoflex Topas NB 52 or equivalent).

1. Install the load-break switch on a flat, vertical and strong panel wall or corresponding mounting rails. Take care that the base frame will not be bent.
2. Adjust the busbars and screw them in a way, that neither force nor torque is transmitted to the switch connections.
3. Install the operating mechanism to match the position of the actuating journal,
right or left.
4. Connect auxiliary switches, shunt trip coil, etc., as far as be existing.
5. Check the contacts for soiling, clean and regrease if necessary (see above).
6. Check the connection to the station earth, establish a flexible cable connection if
necessary.

S7
S6
S5
S4
S9

S1, S2

S18, S28

S8

Auxiliary switches positioning

Connection auxiliary switches


8

Shunt trip coil

COMMISSIONING
MAINTENANCE

Commissioning
1. Clean all insulated parts (insulators, wings, vacuum chamber encapsulation) with a
dry cloth.
2. Check the connection of all accessories (aux. switches, shunt trip coil, motor).
3. Check the busbar connections on tightness.
4. Check the load-break switch and earthing switch on mechanical function, if a stored energy mechanism is provided: check the mechanical tripping by the fuse pin.
5. Switch on the auxiliary power supply, if applicable.
6. Check remote operation and control, if applicable, i.e. function, annunciations,
remote tripping.
Attention: Before closing the switch with stored energy mechanism the operation
handle has to be moved in OFF-position and pressed against the OFF-stop.

Maintenance
The vacuum load-break switch LTV is of class E 3, i.e. only low maintenance is required.
Regular servicing of the switch is however recommended after:
Operation period of 3 to 5 years, dependent on the ambient conditions and the
switching frequency.

1000 switching cycles independent of the current (until rated current).

3 short-circuit making operations.

Perform the following checks:


1. Clean the switch with a dry, non-fraying cloth.
2. Visual examination for soiling, moisture formation, corrosion, examination of the
insulation parts on creeping paths.
3. Clean the main contacts with fat-solvent, check for mechanical damages and wear.
4. Optional: Check the vacuum chamber on leakages with a high-voltage tester (available as accessory): detach the draw-back springs from the interrupting device,
move the interrupting device backwards approx. 45 until the guide bolts reach the
circular section of the curve plate. The contacts inside of the vacuum chamber are
now completely open. Fix the interrupting device in this position by inserting a
screw, bolt or similar. Connect the high-voltage tester acc. to the related operation
manual and check the high-voltage withstand capacity of the vacuum chamber.
After testing pull back the interrupting device between the contact blades and refasten the draw-back springs.
5. Grease the main contacts (lubricant type Isoflex Topas NB 52 or equivalent) and
lubricate the bearings and the movable parts of the drive mechanism.
6. Mechanical and electrical function tests of the switch including accessories (motor,
auxiliary switches, shunt trip coil).

LTV 12 kV with toggle spring mechanism (right hand mechanism)

LTV 12 kV with stored energy mechanism and fuse terminals (right hand mechanism)

Peters &
Thieding
Hochspannungstechnik GmbH

Vacuum load-break switch

LTV
Class E 3 acc. to IEC 60265-1 (1998)
Switching of large transformer capacities
No open arc
Wear-free contacts, low maintenance
Compact, space saving construction

Hochspannungstechnik Peters & Thieding GmbH


Sdring 40 D-21465 Wentorf P.O. Box 80 07 28 D-21007 Hamburg Phone +49 (0) 40 72 92-30 Fax +49 (0) 40 72 92-31 59
e-mail: info@peters-thieding.com Internet: http://www.peters-thieding.com

Member of AED-Group
Peters & Thieding International GmbH
Sudhausweg 8
D-01099 Dresden
Germany
Phone +49 351 26633 0
Fax
+49 351 26633 11
e-mail: pt-int@aed-td.com

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Rights reserved to changes due to technical development.

Peters & Thieding Romania S.A.


Strada 8 Martie Nr. 4
RO-4800 Baia Mare
Romania
Phone +40 62 213 581
Fax
+40 62 213 583
e-mail: peters&thiedingro@mail.alphanet.ro