Anda di halaman 1dari 6

Pronunciation rules:

Letter combination

Reading

Example

ai
ay

[ei]

Spain
day

ea
ee

[i:]

sea
meet

ew

[ju:]

new

oi
oy

[ i]

point
boy

oo-k

[u]

book

oo

[u:]

too

ou
ow

[au]

out
brown

ai+r

[]

chair

ee+r

[i]

engineer

ou+r

[au]

our

oo-r

[:]

door

poor beer pair fair boy hair hear cheer clear air book brown chair meet way
sheep deer year ear good engineer right upstairs downstairs Spain day may play
sea say meat seat greet look, book too out mouth brown door air floor

Reading of the consonant combinations


letter

position

reading

examples

sh

any

[
]

she

ch

any

[
]

chess

tch

after short vowels

[
]

match

ck

after short vowels

[k]

black

th

1. beginning of the notional words


and at the end of the word

[]

thick, myth

2. beginning of the pronouns,


syntactic words and between the
vowels

[]

this, bathe

1 beginning of the words before


all the vowels, except the letter
o

[w]

what

2 before letter
o

[h]

who

wh

qu

before vowels

ng

end of the word

nk

any

wr

beginning of the word before


vowels

[kw]
[]

question
long

[k]

thank

[r]

write

The reading of the vowel-consonant combination

letters
al

position

reading

examples

1. before
k
in stressed syllables

[
:]

chalk

2. before other consonants in


stressed syllables

[
:l]

wall, also

wor

Before consonants in stressed


syllables

[w
:]

work, word

wa

1. before ending consonants


(except
r
) or before consonant
combinations

[w
]

want

2. before
r

[w
:]

warm

igh

any

[ai]

light

Consonants with two types of reading:


letter
c[si:]

g[d
i:]

s[es]

x[eks]

position

reading

examples

1.before
e, i, y

[s]

cent, pencil, icy

2. before
a, o, u
,
consonants
and at the
end of the word

[k]

cap, come,cup,
black

1.before
e, i, y

[d
]

page, gin, gypsy

2. before
a, o, u
,
consonants
and at the
end of the word

[g]

good,green, big

1.
beginning of the word
,
before
voiceless consonants
, at the
end of the
word after voiceless consonants

[s]

sit, student, lists

2.
between vowels
, at the
end of the
word after vowels
and
voiced
consonants

[z]

please, ties, pens

1.
before consonants
and at the
end of
the word

[ks]

text, six

2.
before a stressed vowel

[gz]

exam

The four types of pronunciation of the vowels in the stressed syllables

Type of
pronunciation

a [ei]

o [ou]

e [i:]

i [ai]

y [wai]

u [ju:]

[ei]
n
a
me

[ou]
n
o
te

[i:]
b
e

[ai]
f
i
ne

[ai]
m
y

[ju:]
t
u
ne

II

[]
fl
a
t

[
]
n
o
t

[e]
p
e
n

[i]
s
i
t

[i]
m
y
th

[
]
c
u
p

III

[a:]
l
ar
ge

[
:]
f
or
k

[
:]
t
er
m

[
:]
f
ir
m

[
:]
b
yr
d

[
:]
f
ur

IV

]
M
ary

[
:]
m
ore

[i
]
h
ere

[ai
]
f
ire

[ai
]
t
yre

[ju
]
d
uri
ng

she chair shop chocolate match chess cheers share sharp thin
what there question who whom think mother sack duck
whose queen long quickly meeting bank thank write shoes wrong
wrist quite shop quick white ceiling English chalk wrap this myth
that bathe why when evening who thunder singing where that
thing thirsty sink work