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Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain

Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

We need to get
mum a special birthday
present this year, she wants
something that is exciting
but environmentally What about
friendly. some windsurfing
What about a lessons?
new scooter?

Which present would do least damage to the environment?


Page 1 Stimulus
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Carbon dioxide is
0% Impact on UK greenhouse gas

Decline in greenhouse gas emissions.


released into the atmosphere emissions of changing consumption
when we burn oil, coal and – 2%
from goods to activities and services.

gas to get useful energy.


– 4%
Research shows
that it is better for – 6%
the environment when
– 8%
people spend less money 5% 10% 15%
on manufactured goods Size of transfer in consumption from
goods to activities and services.
and more money on
activities and
services.

How much carbon dioxide is produced by goods


or activities and services depends on:
– energy needed to make a product
– energy needed to transport the product
– energy needed to use a product or do an activity
– energy needed to dispose of a product.
Page 2 Information sheet 1
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
Working as a team:
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Look at – Discuss and agree which of these things are ‘goods’ and which are
the 6 pictures ‘activities or services’. Put a tick in the box on the items you think are ‘goods’.
below. – Put the pictures in rank order. Put number 1 in the circle next to the picture you
think would lead to the most carbon dioxide being produced and number 6 next
to the picture you think will lead to the least carbon dioxide being produced.

Page 3 Task sheet 1 – Sorting goods, activities and services


© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
1 2 3 4 5 6
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Here is some
information to show
A new car A flat A pair of A ticket for A voucher Annual
the carbon dioxide – produces plasma knee length loop-the- for 6 membership
produced. Compare this about screen “fashion loop “Strictly for card for
list to the rank order you 30,000 kg television – boots” – bi-plane You” ‘Grow Your
of carbon can produce making these experience dancing Own’
gave for the different dioxide over about 2,000 produces – produces lessons – Allotment
goods or activities 5 years. kg of carbon about 80 kg about 44 kg these produce Society – plot
or services. dioxide over of carbon of carbon about 21 kg size 200m2 –
5 years. dioxide. dioxide for a of carbon possibly 0 kg
30 minute dioxide per of carbon
flight. person for dioxide
6 lessons. produced
overall.
Growing
plants can be
carbon neutral.

The figures for carbon dioxide produced are given as estimates. How much you use
a product or how long you spend doing an activity can change the figures. Can you
think of any other reasons why the amount of carbon dioxide produced could vary?
The list shows that manufactured goods produce more carbon dioxide than the
activities and services. Would this always be true? Can you think of any exceptions?
Page 4 Information sheet 2
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

When goods Working as a team, choose one of the goods from the last page
are manufactured, (the car, television or fashion boots). Build up and draw a mind map
transported to show all the different ways energy is used in making and using it.
and used energy is Add your ideas to the mind map “skeleton” shown below.
needed for lots of
Transporting the ... Making the ...
different things and
carbon dioxide can
be produced.
Energy needed
to make and use a ...
Show in a
different colour
on your mind map
Using the ...
any other ways
Recycling the ...
that making or
using this product
could damage the
environment.

Page 5 Task sheet 2


© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
Some ways energy is used in making and using the new car
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Making the car  Melting metal Here’s information to


 Cutting, shaping and pressing metal show some of the different ways
 Melting and shaping plastics energy can be needed to make and use
 Spraying paint
a new car. If the energy used comes
 Heating and lighting the factory
from burning oil, coal or gas, carbon
 Moving the production line
 Working electric drills, hammers etc.
dioxide is released into
 Transporting workers to the factory. the atmosphere.
Transporting the car to its user
Can you think of
 Fuel to drive the ship any more ways energy
 Fuel to power a road transporter
might be used? Does the
 Fuel to drive the car.
information give you any
Using the car extra ideas to add to
 Petrol or diesel fuel to run the car your mind map?
 Making new tyres
 Making spare parts for the car
 Heating and lighting the garage where the car is serviced.

Recycling the car


 Transporting the old car to the recycling site
 Heating and lighting buildings at the recycling site
 Operating the car crusher at the recycling site
 Melting metal so it can be reused
 Shredding and heating plastic so it can be recycled.
Page 6 Information sheet 3
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
...satisfaction
I like the look of these
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

...fun ...helping the


activities. I’d get loads out environment
of doing them! ...keeping
my carbon
footprint
low
...meeting
new
friends

Work as a team. In your team decide roles for each person, e.g. chair person, recorder,
creative designer, critical friend.
Make a list of activities that you think would make great presents and also be
environmentally friendly. Use the Thinking Frame to help you decide on your “top” activity.
When you have decided on the top activity write down 5 plus points which could be used
to advertise this as a present. At least 2 of your points must explain how the activity could
be good for the environment.
Page 7 Task sheet 3 – Promoting activities
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Thinking frame
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Thinking Frame
Write all
Id

Isd
e
e a
a
s
s
I d as
Idea
s Ide

e
your ideas for
activities on
Ideas

a
small pieces

s s
of paper or
a
e
a
Stronger ideas

Stronger ideas
post-its.
Id

Thinking Frame
Stronger ideas
Thinking Frame

e
Id
Put these in
the outer box.
e a s
Top 3 ideas Id
After discussion,
move stronger
Ide for activities
as Ide
ideas into the as
Id
green box and
then your top
3 ideas into the
centre box.
ea
Stronger ideas

a s
Then decide on
s d e
I
Ide a s a s
your top idea.
eas a s as Id e Ide
Id Id e
Thinking Frame

Page 8 Thinking frame


© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Smart Grid
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

We identified some different ways in which Next time we will...


manufacturing goods and doing activities
Thumbs Up can produce carbon dioxide, eg ...

W e were great
at the task
because ... We know that choosing activities, rather
than goods, can reduce carbon dioxide
produced. This is because ...

Thumbs
We suggested some ways of promoting an
Sideways activity as a present, eg ...

W e were good
at the task
because ...
We worked well as a team because ...

Thumbs
Down
W e were okay We organised our teamwork to be
at the task effective ...
because ...

Page 9 Smart grid


© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Dilemmas I love to get
fashion shoes for Here are some
Christmas and my My granddad situations for you to
My husband wants a gas
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

birthday but I have read gives us lots of


patio heater for a present that making leather vegetables which think about and
but I don’t want to buy one he grows to save on
because I think they produce
produces a lot of discuss. Why is each
carbon dioxide. food miles but I’m
unnecessary carbon dioxide. fed up with eating one a dilemma?
sprouts and  Talk about each dilemma
carrots! with a partner and then
with the rest of your
team.
 Come up with as many
ideas as you can to
make the dilemma
smaller or perhaps solve
the problem completely.

I want to learn the flamenco


guitar but the nearest teacher is
We like to treat ourselves My son and daughter live in
50 miles away. If I have
to weekend breaks in Australia. They’ve said they
a lesson every week I would
European cities but we want to pay for me to fly out
drive an extra 5,000 miles each
are getting concerned and visit them for 2 weeks.
year. That could produce a lot
about the number of I want the trip to be as
of carbon dioxide!”
flights we take.” eco-friendly as possible.

Rosa
Graham
Archie and Chyla Will Lena Rhian
Page 10
© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation
Addicted to Energy – Sustain to Gain
Take home and use it sheet
Comino Environment Project: Sustainable living

Choosing the environmentally friendly option. When making a choice between two
different things you need to think about the energy used to make and use each thing. Use your
own judgement to complete the table when choosing between two different things.

thing 1: tick column next to the thing with the least energy used thing 2:

Making the thing Making the thing

Transporting the thing Transporting the thing

Using the thing Using the thing

Recycling the thing Recycling the thing

Which of the 2 things did you choose and why?

Page 11 Make a difference


© 2008 Centre for Science Education and the Comino Foundation