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Chemistry

SECTION A
1.

RELATIVE MOLECULAR MASS AND MOLE

1.1
Relative Molecular Mass and Mole Concept : A Brief Review
1.2
Composition of a Solution
1.3
Intensive, Extensive and Colligative Properties
1.4
Non-Volatile Non-Electrolytic solute, Electrolytic solute, Dissociation and
Association
1.5
Vapour Pressure of Solutions and Raoults Law
1.6
Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions
1.7
Colligative Properties and Relative Molecular Masses of Non-Volatile
Substances
1.8
Abnormal Molecular Masses (Vont Hoff Factor)
1.9
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
2.

CHEMICAL BONDING

2.1
Coordinate Covalent Bond
2.2
The Hydrogen Bond (Hydrogen Bonding)
2.3
Metallic Bonding
2.4
Van Der Waals Forces
2.5
Polarity in Covalent Bonds (Dipole Effect and Dipole Moment)
2.6
Geometry (Shape) of Molecules
2.7
Quantum Theory of the Covalent Bond
2.8
Hybridisation
2.9
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
3.
STATES OF MATTER : STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES (THE SOLiD
STATE)
3.1
Classification of Solids
3.2
The Study of Crystal Structure by X-ray Diffraction Technique
3.3
Space Lattice and Unit Cell
3.4
Cubic Systems and Related Calculations
3.5
Close-Packed Structures
3.6
Characteristics and Structures of Different Types of Crystalline Solids
3.7
Isomorphism, Polymorphism and Isopolymorphism
3.8
Imperfections (Defects) in Solids
3.9
Properties of Solids
3.10 Amorphous Solids
3.11 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations

4.

CHEMICAL ENERGETICS (Chemical Thermodynamics)

4.1
Some Basic Concepts
4.2
First Law of Thermodynamics
4.3
Second Law of Thermodynamics
4.4
Third Law of Thermodynamics
4.5
Thermochemistry
4.6
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
5.

CHEMICAL KINETICS

5.1
Reaction Rate, its Measurement and its Dependence on Various Factors
5.2
Dependence of Reaction Rate on Concentration of Reactants
5.3
First Order Reactions
5.4
Experimental Determination of Rate Law, Rate Constant and Order of
Reaction
5.5
Dependence of Reaction Rate on Temperature
5.6
Molecularity of a Reaction
5.7
Mechanism of a Reaction
5.8
Catalysis
5.9
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
6.

IONIC EQIULIBRIA

6.1
Equilibria Involving Ions
6.2
Concepts of Acids and Bases (Acid-Base Equilibrium)
6.3
Ionisation of Water
6.4
pH Value and pH Scale
6.5
Common Ion Effect
6.6
Buffer Solutions
6.7
Solubility Product (Ksp)
6.8
Acid-Base Indicators (pH Indicators)
6.9
Hydrolysis of Salts
6.10 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
7.

ELECTROCHEMISTRY

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8

Metallic and Electrolytic Conduction


Electrolytic Conductance
Variation of Molar Conductivity with Concentration
Kohlrauschs Law
Galvanic Cell (Voltaic Cell)
Electrode Potential
EMF of a Galvanic Cell (Cell Potential)
Electrolysis and Criteria for Product Formation

7.9
Quantitave Aspect of Electrolysis
7.10 Some Commercial Cells (Batteries)
7.11 Corrosion
7.12 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations

SECTION B
8.

COORDINATION COMPOUNDS

8.1
Coordination Compounds and Some Important Terms Used in
Coordination Chemistry
8.2
Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
8.3
Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
8.4
Bonding in Coordination Compounds
8.5
Stability of Coordination Compounds in Solution (Stability Constant)
8.6
Importance and Applications (uses) of Coordination Compounds
8.7
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
9.

CEHMISTRY OF p-BLOCK ELEMENTS

9.1
Group 16 Elements : Oxygen Family
9.2
Group 17 Elements : The Halogen Family
9.3
Group 18 Elements : The Noble Gases
9.4
Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
10.
PREPARATION/MANUFACTURE, PROPERTIES AND USES OF
COMPOUNDS OF GROUPS 16 AND 17
10.1 Ozone
10.2 Oxides of Sulphur
10.3 Sulphuric Acid (
10.4 Hydrogen Chloride gas, HCl (g)
10.5 Hydrochloric Acid, HCl (aq)
10.6 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
11.
CHEMISTRY OF TRANSITION AND INNER TRANSITION ELEMENTS
(d-and f-Block Elements)
11. 1 The Transition Elements or -block Elements
11.2 The Inner Transition Elements or -Block Elements
11.3 Iron
11.4 Copper
11.5 Zinc
11.6 Silver
11.7 Some Important Compounds of Transition Metals

11.8 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations

SECTION C
12.
ALCOHOLS AND PHENOLS
12.1 Classification of Hydroxy Derivatives
12.2 Alcohols
12.3 Phenols
12.4 Some Commercially Important Monohydric Alcohols and Phenols
12.5 Dihydric and Trihydric Alcohols
12.6 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
13.
ETHERS, AND CARBONYL COMPOUNDS (Ethers, Aldehydes and
Ketones)
13.1 Ethers
13.2 Carbonyl Compounds (Aldehydes and Ketones)
13.3 Commercially Important Aldehydes and Ketones
13.4 Distinction between Aldehydes and Ketones
13.5 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
14.

CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND ACID DERIVATIVES

14.1 Carboxylic Acids


14.2 Some Commercially Important Carboxylic Acids
14. 3 Functional Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids (Carboxylic Acid Derivatives)
14.4 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
15.
CYANIDES, ISOCYANDIES, NITORO COMPOUNDS, AMINES AND
DIAZONIUM SALTS
15.1 Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.2 Cyanates and isocyanates
15.3 Nitro Compounds
15.4 Amines
15.5 Diazonium Salts
15.6 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
16.
POLYMERS
16.1 Polymers : Definition and Some Related Terms
16.2 Classification of Polymers
16.3 Effect of Structure on the Properties of a Polymer
16.4 Mechanism (principle) of Polymerisation

16.5 Molecular Mass of Polymers


16.6 Some Commercially Important Polymers
16.7 Biodegradable Polymers
16.8 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
17. ISOMERISM
17.1 Structural Isomerism
17.2 Stereo Isomerism
17.3 Geometrical Isomerism
17.4 Optical Activity and Optical Isomerism
17.5 Conformational Isomerism in Alkanes
17.6 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
18.

BIOMOLECULES

18. 1 The Cell, Cellular Energetics and Energy Cycle


18.2 Carbohydrates
18.3 Proteins
18.4 Enzymes
18.5 Nucleic Acids
18.6 Vitamins
18.7 Miscellaneous Exercises for Self Assessment, for ISC and Competitive
Examinations
APPENDIX
[A]
[B]
[C]

General Techniques
Aliphatic Conversions
Aromatic Conversions