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Sheila Stormont ARSC 010, Section 1002

Assignment #1, Due: 09/05/08


1) There are many different ways that the data of the relationship between
Susans driving speed (mph) and fuel efficiency (mpg) could be presented. A
connected scatter plot (whose line connects all points since the data is
continuous) would work well as an accurate representation since its linear
component would show how her fuel efficiency fluxes with the increase in
speed. Another good way to present the data would be in a table. The table
provides an easy way to track where the fuel efficiency reaches its pinnacle by
simply locating the largest number in the mpg (y-value) column.

Investigation of Susan's Fuel Efficiency at Different Speeds


35
30
25
20
Fuel Efficieny (MPG)

15
10
5
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

Driving Speed (MPH)

CAPTION: Susan kept records of her driving speed at 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and
65 mph versus her respective fuel efficiency of 22, 26, 29, 31, 32, 28 and 24
mpg. All of the information was given. The graph signifies that Susans fuel
efficiency increases the faster she goes until she hits 50 mph (her most fuel
efficient driving speed), and then it begins to decrease thereafter.
To make the graph and description even more accurate, Susan could record
more data points (i.e. for every 1 mph or 5 mph). In this way, she would be
better able to pinpoint exactly where her fuel efficiency drops. Other
significant data that would drastically affect Susans records would be in what
environment she was driving (city or highway, hilly or flat), how much weight
was in the car or if there were any passengers, the make and model, and if the
car had were any mechanical problems.

3a) The speed (mph) of a car was recorded every 2 seconds between 2 stop
signs. From 0-10 seconds, for every 2 seconds that pass, the speed of the car

increases by 10 mph. At 10 seconds, the speed plateaus at 50 mph and


remains there through the 16 second recording. Afterward, the speed of the car
decreases by 15 mph for every 2 seconds until 20 seconds.

Investigation of Acceleration Between Stop Signs


60
50
40
Speed (MPH)

30
20
10
0
0

10

15

20

25

Time (seconds)

CAPTION: The speed (mph) of the car between stop signs was recorded for
every 2 seconds of time that passed. All information was given. This graph
represents that, originally, the car accelerated at a steady speed (10 mph/2
seconds), then leveled off at 50 mph for the subsequent 6 seconds, and finally
decelerated at a rate of 15 mph/2 seconds for the last 4 seconds.

3d) The time (seconds) it took for a gas pump to pump 2 gallons of gasoline
was recorded. The pump released gasoline at a constant rate (2 gallons/2.5
seconds) until the 10-gallon tank was full.

Investigation of the Flow Rate of Gas Pumps


14
12
10
8
Volume (gallons)

6
4
2
0
0

Time (seconds)

10

12

CAPTION: The time (seconds) was recorded for every 2 gallons of gasoline that
were pumped into the car. All information was given. This graph, with its
constant slope, represents that the gas pump pumped at a constant rate of 2
gallons per 2.5 seconds until the 10-gallon tank was full.