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BAB II

ISI DAN PEMBAHASAN


KODE ETIK AHLI GIZI DI INDONESIA
Ahli Gizi yang dalam melaksanakan profesi gizi harus mengabdikan dirinya sepenuh
hati dengan senantiasa bertaqwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, menunjukkan sikap dan
perbuatan terpuji yang dilandasi oleh falsafah dan nilai-nilai Pancasila, Undang-Undang
Dasar 1945 serta Anggaran Dasar dan Anggaran Rumah Tangga Persatuan Ahli Gizi
Indonesia serta etik profesinya.
A. Kewajiban Umum
1.

Ahli Gizi berperan meningkatkan keadaan gizi dan kesehatan serta berperan dalam
meningkatkan kecerdasan dan kesejahteran rakyat

2.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban menjunjung tinggi nama baik profesi gizi dengan
menunjukkan sikap, perilaku, dan budi luhur serta tidak mementingkan diri sendiri

3.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa menjalankan profesinya menurut standar profesi


yang telah ditetapkan

4.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa menjalankan profesinya bersikap jujur, tulus dan
adil

5.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban menjalankan profesinya berdasarkan prinsip keilmuan,


informasi terkini, dan dalam menginterpretasikan informasi hendaknya objektif tanpa
membedakan individu dan dapat menunjukkan sumber rujukan yang benar

6.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa mengenal dan memahami keterbatasannya


sehingga dapat bekerjasama dengan pihak lain atau membuat rujukan bila diperlukan

7.

Ahli Gizi dalam melakukan profesinya mengutamakan kepentingan masyarakat dan


berkewajiban senantiasa berusaha menjadi pendidik dan pengabdi masyarakat yang
sebenarnya

8.

Ahli Gizi dalam bekerjasama dengan para profesional lain di bidang kesehatan
maupun lainnya berkewajiban senantiasa memelihara pengertian yang sebaik-baiknya.

B. Kewajiban Terhadap Klien


1.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban sepanjang waktu senantiasa berusaha memelihara dan


meningkatkan status gizi klien baik dalam lingkungan institusi pelayanan gizi atau di
masyarakat umum

2.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa menjaga kerahasiaan klien atau masyarakat yang
dilayaninya baik pada saat klien masih atau sudah tidak dalam pelayanannya, bahkan juga
setelah klien meninggal dunia kecuali bila diperlukan untuk keperluan kesaksian hukum

3.

Ahli Gizi dalam menjalankan profesinya senantiasa menghormati dan menghargai


kebutuhan unik setiap klien yang dilayani dan peka terhadap perbedaan budaya, dan tidak
melakukan diskriminasi dalam hal suku, agama, ras, status sosial, jenis kelamin, usia dan
tidak menunjukkan pelecehan seksual

4.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa memberikan pelayanan gizi prima, cepat, dan
akurat

5.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban memberikan informasi kepada klien dengan tepat dan jelas,
sehingga memungkinkan klien mengerti dan mau memutuskan sendiri berdasarkan
informasi tersebut

6.

Ahli Gizi dalam melakukan tugasnya, apabila mengalami keraguan dalam


memberikan pelayanan berkewajiban senantiasa berkonsultasi dan merujuk kepada ahli
gizi lain yang mempunyai keahlian

C. Kewajiban Terhadap Masyarakat


1.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban melindungi masyarakat umum khususnya tentang


penyalahgunaan pelayanan, informasi yang salah dan praktek yang tidak etis berkaitan
dengan gizi, pangan termasuk makanan dan terapi gizi/diet. Ahli Gizi hendaknya
senantiasa memberikan pelayanannya sesuai dengan informasi faktual, akurat dan dapat
dipertanggungjawabkan kebenarannya

2.

Ahli Gizi senantiasa melakukan kegiatan pengawasan pangan dan gizi sehingga dapat
mencegah masalah gizi di masyarakat

3.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa Peka terhadap status gizi masyarakat untuk
mencegah terjadinya masalah gizi dan meningkatkan status gizi masyarakat

4.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban memberi contoh hidup sehat dengan pola makan dan aktivitas
fisik yang seimbang sesuai dengan nilai praktek gizi individu yang baik

5.

Dalam bekerja sama dengan profesional lain di masyarakat, Ahli Gizi berkewajiban
hendaknya senantiasa berusaha memberikan dorongan, dukungan, inisiatif, dan bantuan
lain dengan sungguh-sungguh demi tercapainya status gizi dan kesehatan optimal di
masyarakat

6.

Ahli Gizi dalam mempromosikan atau mengesahkan produk makanan tertentu


berkewajiban senantiasa tidak dengan cara yang salah atau, menyebabkan salah
interpretasi atau menyesatkan masyarakat

D. Kewajiban Terhadap Teman Seprofesi dan Mitra Kerja


1.

Ahli Gizi dalam bekerja melakukan promosi gizi, memelihara dan meningkatkan
status gizi masyarakat secara optimal, berkewajiban senantiasa bekerjasama dan
menghargai berbagai disiplin ilmu sebagai mitra kerja di masyarakat

2.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa memelihara hubungan persahabatan yang harmonis


dengan semua organisasi atau disiplin ilmu/profesional yang terkait dalam upaya
meningkatkan status gizi, kesehatan, kecerdasan dan kesejahteraan rakyat

3.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban selalu menyebarluaskan ilmu pengetahuan dan keterampilan


terbaru kepada sesama profesi dan mitra kerja

E. Kewajiban Terhadap Profesi dan Diri Sendiri


1.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban mentaati, melindungi dan menjunjung tinggi ketentuan yang
dicanangkan oleh profesi

2.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban senantiasa memajukan dan memperkaya pengetahuan dan


keahlian yang diperlukan dalam menjalankan profesinya sesuai perkembangan ilmu dan
teknologi terkini serta peka terhadap perubahan lingkungan

3.

Ahli Gizi harus menunjukkan sikap percaya diri, berpengetahuan luas, dan berani
mengemukakan pendapat serta senantiasa menunjukkan kerendahan hati dan mau
menerima pendapat orang lain yang benar

4.

Ahli Gizi dalam menjalankan profesinya berkewajiban untuk tidak boleh dipengaruhi
oleh kepentingan pribadi termasuk menerima uang selain imbalan yang layak sesuai
denga jasanya, meskipun dengan pengetahuan klien/masyarakat (tempat di mana ahli gizi
dipekerjakan)

5.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban tidak melakukan perbuatan yang melawan hukum, dan
memaksa orang lain untuk melawan hukum

6.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban memelihara kesehatan dan keadaan gizinya agar dapat bekerja
dengan baik

7.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban melayani masyarakat umum tanpa memandang keuntungan


perseorangan atau kebesaran seseorang

8.

Ahli Gizi berkewajiban selalu menjaga nama baik profesi dan mengharumkan
organisasi profesi

F. Penetapan Pelanggaran
Pelanggaran terhadap ketentuan kode etik ini diatur tersendiri dalam Majelis Kode Etik
Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia
G. Kekuatan Kode Etik
Kode etik Ahli Gizi ini dibuat atas prinsip bahwa organisasi profesi bertanggung jawab
terhadap kiprah anggotanya dalam menjalankan praktek profesinya.
Kode etik ini berlaku setelah hari dari disahkannya kode etik ini oleh sidang tertinggi profesi
sesuai dengan ketentuan yang tertuang dalam anggaran dasar dan anggaran rumah tangga
profesi gizi.

KODE ETIK AHLI GIZI DI AMERIKA


A. Fundamental Principles
1.
The dietetics practitioner conducts himself/herself with honesty, integrity, and
fairness.
2.

The dietetics practitioner supports and promotes high standards of


professional practice. The dietetics practitioner accepts the obligation to protect clients,
the public, and the profession by upholding the Code of Ethics for the Profession of
Dietetics and by reporting perceived violations of the Code through the processes

established by ADA and its credentialing agency, CDR


B. Responsibilities to the Public
3.
The dietetics practitioner considers the health, safety, and welfare of the
public at all times.
The dietetics practitioner will report inappropriate behavior or treatment of a client by
another dietetics practitioner or other professionals.
4.

The dietetics practitioner complies with all laws and regulations applicable
or related to the profession or to the practitioners ethical obligations as described in
this Code.
a. The dietetics practitioner must not be convicted of a crime under the laws of the United
States, whether a felony or a misdemeanor, an essential element of which is dishonesty.

b. The dietetics practitioner must not be disciplined by a state for conduct that would
violate one or more of these principles.
c. The dietetics practitioner must not commit an act of misfeasance or malfeasance that is
directly related to the practice of the profession as determined by a court of competent
jurisdiction, a licensing board, or an agency of a governmental body.
The dietetics practitioner provides professional services with objectivity and

5.

with respect for the unique needs and values of individuals.


a. The dietetics practitioner does not, in professional practice, discriminate against others
on the basis of race, ethnicity, creed, religion, disability, gender, age, gender identity,
sexual orientation, national origin, economic status, or any other legally protected
category.
b. The dietetics practitioner provides services in a manner that is sensitive to cultural
differences.
c. The dietetics practitioner does not engage in sexual harassment in connection with
professional practice.
The dietetics practitioner does not engage in false or misleading practices or

6.

communications.
a. The dietetics practitioner does not engage in false or deceptive advertising of his or her
services.
b. The dietetics practitioner promotes or endorses specific goods or products only in a
manner that is not false and misleading.
c. The dietetics practitioner provides accurate and truthful information in communicating
with the public.
The dietetics practitioner withdraws from professional practice when unable to

7.

fulfill his or her professional duties and responsibilities to clients and others.
a. The dietetics practitioner withdraws from practice when he/she has engaged in abuse of
a substance such that it could affect his or her practice.
b. The dietetics practitioner ceases practice when he or she has been adjudged by a court
c.

to be mentally incompetent.
The dietetics practitioner will not engage in practice when he or she has a condition

that substantially impairs his or her ability to provide effective service to others.
C. Responsibilities to Clients
8.
The dietetics practitioner recognizes and exercises professional judgment within the
limits of his or her qualifications and collaborates with others, seeks counsel, or makes
referrals as appropriate.
9.
The dietetics practitioner treats clients and patients with respect and consideration.
a. The dietetics practitioner pro-vides sufficient information to enable clients and others
to make their own informed decisions.
b. The dietetics practitioner respects the clients right to make decisions regarding the
recommended plan of care, including consent, modification, or refusal.

10.

The dietetics practitioner protects confidential information and makes full

disclosure about any limitations on his or her ability to guarantee full confidentiality.
11.
The dietetics practitioner, in dealing with and providing services to clients and
others, complies with the same principles set forth above in Responsibilities to the
Public (Principles #3-7).
D. Responsibilities to the Profession
12. The dietetics practitioner practices dietetics based on evidence-based principles and
current information.
13. The dietetics practitioner presents reliable and substantiated information and
interprets controversial information without personal bias, recognizing that legitimate
differences of opinion exist.
14. The dietetics practitioner assumes a life-long responsibility and accountability for
personal competence in practice, consistent with accepted professional standards,
continually striving to increase professional knowledge and skills and to apply them in
practice.
15. The dietetics practitioner is alert to the occurrence of a real or potential conflict of
interest and takes appropriate action whenever a conflict arises.
a. The dietetics practitioner makes full disclosure of any real or perceived conflict of
interest.
b. When a conflict of interest cannot be resolved by disclosure, the dietetics practitioner
takes such other action as may be necessary to eliminate the conflict, including recusal
from an office, position, or practice situation.
16. The dietetics practitioner permits the use of his or her name for the purpose of
certifying that dietetics services have been rendered only if he or she has provided or
17.

supervised the provision of those services.


The dietetics practitioner accurately presents professional qualifications and

credentials.
a. The dietetics practitioner, in seeking, maintaining, and using credentials provided by
CDR, provides accurate information and complies with all requirements imposed by
CDR. The dietetics practitioner uses CDR-awarded credentials (RD or Registered
Dietitian; DTR or Dietetic Technician, Registered; CS or Certified
Specialist; and FADA or Fellow of the American Dietetic Association) only
when the credential is current and authorized by CDR.
b. The dietetics practitioner does not aid any other person in violating any CDR
requirements or in representing himself or herself as CDR-credentialed when he or
she is not.

18.

The dietetics practitioner does not invite, accept, or offer gifts, monetary incentives,
or other considerations that affect or reasonably give an appearance of affecting
his/her professional judgment.
Clarification of Principle:

a. Whether a gift, incentive, or other item of consideration shall be viewed to affect, or


give the appearance of affecting, a dietetics practitioners professional judgment is
dependent on all factors relating to the transaction, including the amount or value of
the consideration, the likelihood that the practitioners judgment will or is intended to
be affected, the position held by the practitioner, and whether the consideration is
offered or generally available to persons other than the practitioner.
b. It shall not be a violation of this principle for a dietetics practitioner to accept
compensation as a consultant or employee or as part of a research grant or corporate
sponsorship program, provided the relationship is openly disclosed and the
practitioner acts with integrity in performing the services or responsibilities.
c. This principle shall not preclude a dietetics practitioner from accepting gifts of
nominal value, attendance at educational programs, meals in connection with
educational exchanges of information, free samples of products, or similar items, as
long as such items are not offered in exchange for or with the expectation of, and do
not result in, conduct or services that are contrary to the practitioners professional
judgment.
d. The test for appearance of impropriety is whether the conduct would create in
reasonable minds a perception that the dietetics practitioners ability to carry out
professional responsibilities with integrity, impartiality, and competence is impaired.
E. Responsibilities to Colleagues and Other Professionals
19. The dietetics practitioner demonstrates respect for the values, rights, knowledge,
and skills of colleagues and other professionals.
a. The dietetics practitioner does not engage in dishonest, misleading, or inappropriate
b.

business practices that demonstrate a disregard for the rights or interests of others.
The dietetics practitioner provides objective evaluations of performance for
employees and coworkers, candidates for employment, students, professional
association memberships, awards, or scholarships, making all reasonable efforts to
avoid bias in the professional evaluation of others.

KODE ETIK AHLI GIZI DI KANADA


A. Responsibilities to The Client

Principle 1. To maintain integrity and empathy in professional practice :


a. Client-Centred Provision of Service
1. Place the clients best interests as the primary professional obligation.
2. Respect the wishes of the client and his/her appropriate others within the
obligations of the law and CDOs standards of practice.
3. Make every effort to communicate effectively with clients.
4. Use language that is respectful in written and verbal communication.
5. Seek out and share information with the clients so that :
a) they are able to make an informed decision or choice; and
b) they are able to take advantage of any resources or programs that would benefit
them or assist them in meeting their needs.
6. Respect the clients right to have physical modesty and psychological privacy
protected.
7. Not derive physical, emotional or financial advantage from the clients, their
property, their reputation or employment.
8. Ensure that competition in the practice is carried out with integrity, honesty and
does not compromise quality of service.
b. Freedom from Prejudice
9. Treat all individuals equitably, regardless ofgender, age, health status, religion,
ethnic origin, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, sexual orientation or other
characteristic listed in the Ontario Human Rights Code or that is similarly
irrelevant to equitable treatment.
c. Limiting Treatment of Services
10. Listen to and appreciate the clients values, opinions, needs and ethno-cultural
and religious beliefs in order to offer them appropriate services.
11. Recommend only services or treatments (or action plans) that are necessary for
my clients well-being and relate to the goals or objectives developed with the
client.
12. Terminate an activity or treatment when it becomes clear that the treatment or
activity is more harmful than beneficial or when it is shown to be ineffective in
producing the desired outcome.
d. Fees for Services Rendered
13. Be responsible for charging a fair and reasonable fee and charge only for
professional services
14. Inform clients of the fee for the service and available methods of payment prior to
providing the service.
15. Avoid offering a reduction for prompt payment of an account.
e. Honoring Commitments
16. To the best of the knowledge, only enter into agreements or contracts which allow
me to act in accordance with the law and CDOs Standards of Practice which
include the Code of Ethics.

17. Honour all promises or commitments made verbally or in writing unless serious
and unexpected circumstances intervene.
f. Ensuring Provision of Service
18. Continue professional services that are needed unless,
a) the client requests the discontinuation; or
b) alternative services are arranged, or
c) the client is given reasonable notice to arrange alternative services.
19. If the client requests discontinuation of service and is deemed competent
according to the Health Care Consent Act, I will inform the client of the risks and
consequences of discontinuing service before doing so.
g. Honest Representation
20. Accurately represent the own and the associates qualifications, experience and
affiliations in all spoken or written communications.
21. Permit the use of the name for the purpose of verifying that dietetic services have
been rendered only if I have provided or supervised the provision of those
services.
22. Properly credit the contribution and work of others.
23. Use RD/Dt.P. only when registration with the College of Dietitians of Ontario
is current.
24. Not hold myself out to be someone who is qualified to practise in Ontario as a
dietitian or in a specialty of dietetics when registration with CDO is not current.
25. Avoid using the title doctor or any variation or abbreviation or equivalent in
another language in the course of providing or offering to provide health care
unless I am a member of the College of Chiropractors, Optometrists, Physicians
and Surgeons, or Psychologists of Ontario or the Royal College of Dental
Surgeons of Ontario.
26. Provide accurate ongoing information as required by the College of Dietitians of
Ontario.
h. Record Keeping
27. To the best of the knowledge, avoid false entries, misleading statements,
prolonged delays or omissions in any records relating to the practice.
28. Respect the clients right to health records as outlined in CDOs Professional
Misconduct Regulations (Record Keeping and Reports section).
Principle 2. To strive for objectivity of judgment in such matters as confidentiality and
conflict of interest
a. Conflict of Interest
29. Arrange for another dietitian and withdraw from the situation when the clients
wish conflicts with the personal values such that I cannot provide appropriate
service.

30. Avoid or disclose a real or perceived conflict of interest in which the professional
judgment could be compromised.
b. Client Confidentiality
31. Provide nutrition treatment to the client once informed consent is obtained and
respect the clients wishes when he/she refuses the treatment.
32. Divulge confidential information without consent only when authorized or
required by law. This would include circumstances of disclosure for the purpose
of eliminating or reducing a risk to an individuals health or safety if there are
reasonable grounds to believe the risk is significant.
33. Refrain from collecting (i.e actively requesting) information which is irrelevant or
unnecessary to providing dietetic service. In areas that may be questionable,
document reasons for collecting the information.
34. Develop practices which ensure confidentiality of service records; comply with
pertinent legislation and assist to improve agency practices in this regard.
Principle 3. To work co-operatively with colleagues, other professionals and lay persons
a. Seeking Consultation
35. Keep informed of the expertise of dietitians and other professionals with whom I
work or consult. Exchange knowledge and refer clients to them when clients
would benefit from their expertise.
36. Seek the opinion of an appropriate colleague (i.e, to clarify a practice issue, a
nutritional diagnosis or treatment plan, or when the client requests it). When
requesting the opinion of a colleague.
b. Acting as a Consultant
37. Report to the referring health

professional

all

pertinent

findings,

recommendations and nutrition-related services provided to the client.


c. Working as Part of a Professional Team
38. Provide service as a member of a professional team, showing respect for its
members, recognizing their expertise, sharing information with them and
planning collaboratively with them regarding quality service to the client.
39. Discuss and work through consent issues, ethical conflicts and concerns with the
professional team.
40. Discuss resource allocation with the professional team so that they can be
involved in resolving a problem.
41. Ensure that the action plan is consistent with the overall plan of the team. When
the overall plan of the team is inconsistent with the goals of the client, advocate
on the clients behalf.
d. Working Cooperatively With the Employer

42. Place the needs of the clients first, but also consider the philosophy and policies
of the employer.
43. Encourage and collaborate with the employer to develop and update policies and
standards in order to improve the quality of service provided to the clients.
Principle 4. To obtain informed consent, for our invasive or experimental procedures
a. Informed Consent
44. Take all reasonable steps to ensure that consent is not given under conditions of
coercion or undue pressure.
45. Recognize that informed consent results from collaborating with the client or
substitute-decision maker. This entails fully informing the client of the related
treatment and obtaining a clear indication that the client understands.
46. Assure, in the process of obtaining informed consent from both capable and
incapable clients, that I follow CDOs Guidelines for the Health Care Consent
Act.
47. Explain to the clients their right to information and help them obtain additional
information as needed.
48. Assist clients in understanding information especially when ethno-cultural or
literacy issues apply.
49. Respect informed, voluntary decisions and choices even when they may conflict
with the personal opinion.
50. Respect the right of individuals to discontinue service or participation in a
research study at any time. Be sensitive to nonverbal indications of a desire to
discontinue and seek confirmation from the individual or substitute decision
maker.
51. Discuss the clients direct questions with the professional team and advocate for
clients right to receive relevant information.
52. Recognize and avoid discussing health related information which is beyond the
scope of expertise and avoid doing so.
B. Responsibilities to Society
Principle 5. To maintain a high standard of personal competence through continuing
education and an ongoing critical evaluation of professional experience.
a. Compliance with Standards of Practice
53. Comply with CDOs Standards of Practice, including regulations, rules and the
Code of Ethics.
54. Refrain from practising when a physical or mental condition or incapacity (e.g.,
substance abuse) affects the ability to provide appropriate dietetic service.
Practitioners will report to the appropriate regulatory body any regulated
professional who is practising while incapable.

55. Consider seriously any concerns others may express about the professional ethics
in an attempt to reach an agreement on the issue and if needed, change the
practice accordingly.
b. Commitment to Quality Practice
56. Always practise with the knowledge and skills of which I am capable.
57. Explore alternative ways of providing quality service within CDO regulations. In
the case of clinical practice, the dietitian should usually favour options that
minimize the risk of harm to clients.
58. Accept only those responsibilities which I am competent to perform.
59. Disclose pertinent limitations to the employer and obtain further training when
asked to assume responsibilities beyond the present level of competence.
60. Commit myself to continuous self-evaluation and professional development.
61. Keep myself up-to-date with the knowledge and skills appropriate to the practice
setting through a variety of learning opportunities and resources.
62. Seek and accept relevant and objective feedback from peers, clients, supervisors
and employers.
63. Demonstrate knowledge of advances in research and incorporate relevant results
into the practice.
64. Acknowledge and correct all errors in the practice as soon as they are identified.
65. Develop, promote and participate in accountability processes and procedures
related to the work.
Principle 6. To protect members of society against the unethical or incompetent behavior
of colleagues or other fellow health professionals
a. Proper Representation of Knowledge and Credentials
66. Protect the skills, knowledge of dietetics and credentials of dietitians from being
misused, misrepresented or used incompetently and act quickly to address any
misuse.
67. Not assist another person in violating any dietetic registration requirements or
aiding another person in misrepresenting herself/himself as an RD.
b. Prevention of Client Abuse
68. Prevent or correct practices that are discriminatory or are physically, verbally,
emotionally, sexually or financially abusive of clients.
c. Mandatory Reporting
69. If there is the potential for serious and immediate risk of harm to client(s) or
when the clients rights are being violated, report this immediately to the
appropriate regulatory body.
Principle 7. To ensure that our publics are informed of the nature of any nutritional
treatment or advice and its possible effects

a. Providing Accurate Nutrition Related Information


70. Represent substantiated information and interpret controversial information
without personal bias, recognizing that legitimate differences of opinion exist.
71. Not recommend or promote the use of nutritional supplements or other agents
whose complete formulas are not available to the dietetic profession, nor use
secret remedies. Recommended supplements must be authorized or recognized
as approved safe by government legislation.
72. Not recommend vitamin, mineral or nutritional supplements for improper use.
73. Not hold out to the public as exclusive to me any agent, method or technique I
employ; nor hold out that any technique I employ is the only technique to deal
with a concern.
74. Not advertise products or services in a false or misleading manner.
75. Inform the client when personal values prevent the recommendation of some form
of therapy.
b. Respecting the ClientsChoices
76. Recognize that the clients have the right to decline the service or to request the
opinions of other dietitians.
Principle 8. To support the advancement and dissemination of nutritional and related
knowledge and skills
a. Advocacy and Lobbying
77. Speak out, in a manner consistent with this Code, when I possess expert
knowledge that bears on important societal issues being studied or discussed.
78. Advocate for needed health policy and resources by working with individuals,
groups, other health professionals, employers or the government.
79. Explain the value of dietitians to clients, and advocate for input into policies
relating to client service.
b. Promoting Excellence in Dietetics Through Research
80. Advance and support nutrition and health promotion and research.
81. Secure patents, trademarks and copyrights only on the condition that they are not
used to restrict research, practice or the benefits of the material.
c. Conducting Research
82. Ensure that research participants are informed of and completely understand the
benefits and risks before partaking in the study.
83. Ensure that research participants are informed of the purpose of the research
study and if agree to participate, provide them with a copy of their informed
consent agreement.
84. Recognize that the clients have the right to reject or withdraw from a research
project at any time and I will ensure that the quality of service provided
afterwards is not affected by their choice.

85. Establish valid inclusion and exclusion criteria for selection of research
participants.
86. Ensure that confidentiality and anonymity of the research participants is
maintained.
87. Ensure that research participants have an opportunity to voice their concerns or
ask questions throughout the duration of the study.
88. Ensure that research participants are removed from the study at any point when
the participants are thought to be at risk or harm by continuing to participate.
89. Collect only data that is relevant to the research.
90. Ensure that the research results are not falsified in any way.
C. Responsibilities to The Profession
Principle 9. To support others in the pursuit of professional goals
a. Providing Feedback and Support
91. Support and contribute to the continuing education and the professional
development of employees and colleagues.
92. Provide objective, unbiased evaluations of candidates for professional
memberships, awards, scholarships or job advancements. Make all reasonable
efforts to avoid bias in any kind of professional evaluation of others.
93. Empower and provide support for peers and colleagues to develop to their full
potential and recognize their contributions (i.e, mentoring).
Principle 10. To support the training and education of future members of the profession
a. Responsibility as a Mentor/Educator
94. Empower students and interns to develop to their full potential and recognize
their contributions.
95. Assume overall responsibility for the professional activities of students, interns,
trainees and avoid assigning tasks to anyone who cannot perform them
competently.
96. Make no attempt to conceal the status of a student, trainee or intern.
97. As much as possible, provide or arrange for adequate working conditions, timely
evaluations and experience opportunities for students, trainees and interns.
98. Provide or arrange for a safe working environment for students and interns, free
from discrimination and potential abuse, such as physical, sexual, financial or
verbal abuse.
99. Ensure that all students, interns are not coerced in their selection and fulfillment
of their educational goals.
100. Perform the teaching duties on the basis of careful preparation so that the
instruction is current and scholarly.

101.

Present instructional information accurately, avoiding bias in the selection

and presentation of information and publicly acknowledge any personal values or


bias which influence the selection and presentation of information.
b. Responsibility to Promote Ethical Practice
102. Assist in the development of those who enter the discipline of dietetics by
helping them to acquire a full understanding of the ethics, responsibilities and
needed competencies of their chosen area(s).
103. Ensure that the students, trainees or interns understand the Code of Ethics. I
will serve as a role model for them by applying the Code of Ethics to everyday
practice situations and preparing students for the ever changing aspects of ethics
in dietetic practice.
Principle 11. To involve myself in activities that promote a vital and progressive profession
a. Advancing Dietetic Standards and Knowledge
104. Uphold the professions responsibility to society by promoting and maintaining
high standards.
105. Participate in ethical and ongoing dietetic research to advance the profession
and for incorporation into dietetic practice.
106. Be sensitive to the needs, current issues and problems of society when
determining research projects and program development.
b. Advancing the Regulation of the Profession
107. Assist the profession in improving its standards and values by identifying
issues for CDO that are relevant to the provision of safe, effective and ethical
nutritional care; bringing to the attention of the College ethical issues which
require clarification or development of new guidelines or standards; and
assisting in the continuous review of the Code of Ethics and other standards to
assure relevance and comprehensiveness.
108. Co-operate with health regulatory bodies in the investigation of complaints
against health professionals.
c. Supporting or Participating in Professional Activities
109. Get involved, as much as possible, in organizations, committees, or activities
which promote personal and professional growth or the nutritional health of the
public.
Perbandingan Antara Kode Etik di Indonesia, Amerika dan Kanada

Kewajiban

Prinsip
Integritas dan empati
Objektivitas dalam memberikan

Indonesia

Amerika

Kanada

terhadap Klien
(responsibilities
to the clients)
Kewajiban
terhadap

pendapat
Bekerjasama secara kooperatif
Menjaga keamanan informasi

klien
Kompetensi personal
Perlindungan dari perlakuan tidak

(responsibilities

etis
Informasi mengenai gizi
Dukungan terhadap kemajuan

to the society)

dalam

Kewajiban

pengetahuan dan keahlian


Mendukung
tujuan

Masyarakat

terhadap
Profesi, Teman
Kerja dan
Mitra Kerja
(responsibilities

bidang

professional
Mendukung

gizi

terkait
yang

pelatihan

dan

edukasi pada anggota baru


Melibatkan diri dalam kegiatan
yang memajukan profesi gizi

to the
profession,
Colleagues and
Other
Professionals)
Bila dilihat dari isi kode etik secara keseluruhan, kode etik di Indonesia, Amerika dan
Kanada,

terdapat

persamaan,

yaitu

pada

pertanggungjawaban

yang

meliputi

pertanggungjawaban kepada klien, masyarakat dan profesi. Dari kewajiban-kewajiban


tersebut, terdapat beberapa prinsip yang juga hampir sama. Beberapa prinsip tersebut antara
lain integritas dan empati ahli gizi, objektivitas dalam memberikan pendapat, kerjasama
secara kooperatif, menjaga keamanan informasi klien, kompetensi personal seorang ahli gizi,
perlindungan masyarakat dari perlakuan yang tidak etis dari tenaga kesehatan lain, dukungan
terhadap kemajuan dalam bidang gizi terkait pengetahuan dan keahlian, dukungan terhadap
tujuan yang professional, dukungan terhadap pelatihan dan edukasi pada anggota baru, dan
melibatkan diri dalam kegiatan yang memajukan profesi gizi. Dari beberapa prinsip tersebut,
terdapat salah satu prinsip yang tidak terdapat di dalam kode etik di Indonesia. Prinsip
tersebut adalah dukungan terhadap pelatihan dan edukasi pada anggota baru. Hal lain yang
membedakan kode etik antara di Indonesia, Amerika dan Kanada adalah sistematika bahasa

dan rinci atau tidaknya isi dari kode etik tersebut. Bila dilihat dari segi bahasa, kode etik di
Indonesia tidak dijelaskan per prinsip melainkan langsung dijelaskan per poin kode etiknya.
Sedangkan pada kode etik di Amerika dan Kanada, terdapat beberapa prinsip, kemudian
prinsip tersebut dijabarkan kembali ke dalam poin-poin, sehingga lebih rinci.

BAB III
PENUTUP
3.1 Kesimpulan
Secara garis besar, terdapat kesamaan dalam aspek pertanggungjawaban antara kode
etik di Indonesia, Amerika dan Kanada, yaitu pertanggungjawaban kepada klien, masyarakat
dan profesi. Hal yang membedakan adalah ada beberapa prinsip yang tidak dijelaskan atau
tercantum dan bahasa yang digunakan dalam penulisan kode etik antara satu negara dengan
negara lain.
3.2 Saran
Jika dilihat dari perbandingan kode etik di Indonesia dan negara lain, kode etik di
Indonesia sudah cukup bagus, baik isi dan bahasa yang digunakan. Namun penyusunan kode
etik di Indonesia masih menggunakan bahasa yang panjang lebar dan masih kurang
sistematis. Selain itu, bila perlu dapat pula ditambahkan poin tambahan atau pengubahan
dalam kode etik tersebut agar dapat memajukan profesi gizi di Indonesia dan mampu bersaing
dengan profesi gizi di negara lain.

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang
Pada saat ini, permasalahan gizi di Indonesia semakin banyak, baik gizi buruk, gizi
lebih dan berbagai penyakit degeneratif yang diakibatkan pola hidup yang kurang sehat.
Untuk itu, diperlukan peran ahli gizi yang berkompeten dan menjunjung tinggi etik
professional dalam menghadapi masalah terkait gizi tersebut yang kian hari kian meningkat.
Sehingga dapat memberikan kontribusi dalam upaya pelayanan kesehatan terkait masalah gizi
dan agar dapat meningkatkan mutu pelayanan gizi bagi masyarakat.
Selain itu, adanya perdagangan bebas di tingkat Asia melalui Asian Free Trade
Aggreement (AFTA) mendorong para tenaga gizi di Indonesia untuk mampu bersaing secara
global dengan tenaga gizi dari negara lain. Sehingga diperlukan untuk menciptakan tenaga
gizi yang professional dan mumpuni sesuai dengan standar professional gizi di tingkat
internasional.Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut, diperlukan sebuah standar profesi gizi agar dapat
digunakan oleh para tenaga gizi di Indonesia dalam melakukan kewenangannya sebagai
seorang tenaga kesehatan terkait gizi. Selain itu, diharapkan pula mencetak para tenaga gizi
yang professional, kompeten dan menjunjung tinggi etika.
1.2 Rumusan Masalah
1.
Bagaimana isi kode etik profesi gizi di Indonesia?
2.
Bagaimana isi kode etik profesi gizi di Amerika?
3.
Bagaimana isi kode etik profesi gizi di Kanada?
4.
Bagaimana perbandingan isi kode etik profesi gizi di Indonesia,
Amerika dan Kanada?

1.3 Tujuan
1.
2.
3.
4.

Untuk mengetahui isi kode etik profesi gizi di Indonesia.


Untuk mengetahui isi kode etik profesi gizi di Amerika.
Untuk mengetahui isi kode etik profesi gizi di Kanada.
Untuk mengetahui perbandingan kode etik profesi gizi di

Indonesia, Amerika dan Kanada.

1.4 Manfaat
1. Dapat memberikan gambaran profesi gizi di Indonesia beserta kode etik yang harus
dilaksanakan.
2. Dapat memberikan gambaran profesi gizi di negara lain beserta kode etiknya.
3. Dapat membandingkan antara kode etik profesi gizi di Indonesia dengan kode etik
profesi gizi di negara lain.

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
American Dietetic Association (ADA). 2009. Registration Code of Ethics for the Profession
of Dietetics and Process for Consideration of Ethics Issues.(Online),
(http://www.bu.edu/sargent/files/2009/09/ADA-Code-of-Ethics-8-13.pdf), diakses 1
Mei 2015.
Dietitians of Canada. 2009. Code of Ethics For The Dietetic Profession In Canada. (Online),
(http://ethics.iit.edu/ecodes/node/4290), diakses 1 Mei 2015.
Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2007. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik
Indonesia No 374/Menkes/SK/III/2007 tentang Standar Profesi Gizi. (Online),
(http://www.rsuab.com/book/kmk374gizi.pdf), diakses 1 Mei 2015.