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MK.

METODOLOGI DESAIN

GEOMETRI

GEOMETRI

MATEMATIKA

1. Ilmu yang mempelajari tentang besaran,


struktur, bangun ruang, dan perubahanperubahan yang pada suatu bilangan.
2. Ilmu tentang bilangan dan segala sesuatu
yang berhubungan Pengertian matematika
dengannya yang mencangkup segala bentuk
prosedur operasional yang digunakan dalam
menyelesaikan masalah mengenai bilangan.

1.

2.

A group of related sciences,


including algebra,
geometry, and calculus,
concerned with the study of
number, quantity, shape,
and space and their
interrelationships by using
a specialized notation
A mathematical operations
and processes involved in
the solution of a problem or
study of some scientific
field

Salah satu cabang matematika yang


bersangkutan dengan perihal bentuk, ukuran,
posisi relatif tokoh, dan sifat ruang.

The area of
mathematics that deals
with points, lines,
shapes and space.

Garis dan bidang dapat dideskripsikan dengan dua cara, yaitu


melalui cara matematik dan melalui bentuk geometrik.
Melalui cara matematik, bentuk, garis dan bidang terbentuk
melalui sistem koordinat, sehingga untuk membuat bentuk
tertentu, diperlukan rumus-rumus dan hasil yang 100% tepat.
Bentuk, garis dan bidang juga dapat terwujud tanpa melalui
rumus-rumus eksak matematika, yaitu dengan menggunakan
instrumen-instrumen geometri yang sudah ada. Sehingga tidak
memerlukan hitungan yang 100% tepat untuk mengetahui
bentukan bola atau lingkaran. Begitu juga dengan kubus, balok
dan persegi panjang.

Menyusun bentukan-bentukan geometris


dengan mudah.
Mendeskripsikan bentuk secara tepat.
Semua orang bisa menikmati bentuk-bentuk
geometris yang mutlak dan sempurna.
Memberi kita bentuk-bentuk yang siap untuk
digunakan dan bisa diolah sedemikian rupa
dengan bermacam-macam cara.

Functions of Geometry

1) Menghasilkan palet lahirnya berbagai bentuk yang tidak dapat disangkal


secara rasional bagi arsitek (menjadi bukti/alasan formal adanya bentukbentuk lain).
2) Membuat arsitek merasa nyaman dengan penggunaan bentuk yang bisa
diperbanyak dan diulang jika diperlukan tanpa rasa takut akan membuat
kesalahan.
3) Menawarkan kebebasan luar biasa dan tanpa paksaan untuk keluar dari
bentuk-bentuk yang sudah di-pakem-kan di masa lalu (seperti bujur
sangkar yang mendapat interpretasi proporsional yang tidak terbatas; maka
akan demikian halnya dengan bentuk-bentuk lain).
4) Menawarkan disiplin baru mengenai pandangan dunia luas. Dulu, ketika
diperkenalkan kepada arsitek, diibaratkan ada kemungkinan untuk mencapai
Tuhan dan mencapai suatu keagungan jika mereka menggunakan bentukbentuk umum seperti bujur sangkar, lingkaran dan segitiga.
5) Menawarkan jaminan psikologis, dimana geometri memungkinkan variasi
pengaruh psikologis manusia (perasaan berbeda) yang muncul ketika ada
perbedaan proporsi pada suatu bentuk.
6) Memberikan komunikasi yang kuat kepada masyarakat akan keikutsertaan
arsitek melalui pengetahuan geometri dan itu berarti ada identifikasi secara
sosial dan jasa arsitek diakui secara profesional.
7) Memberi lebih banyak waktu untuk berpikir, mengeksplor, memanipulasi dan
menggunakan bentuk-bentuk dasar secara maksimal daripada
menghabiskan waktu mereka untuk menemukan bentuk baru setiap harinya.

The Appeal of
Geometry

Bentuk geometri terdiri dari tiga jenis, yaitu bentuk


geometri yang telah terdefinisikan (divine,
undeniable), bentuk geometri bebas (free
form), dan combinasi keduanya (combinatorial
form)
Bentuk geometri bebas adalah bentuk-bentuk yang
dibuat secara bebas, bisa dengan mengutak-atik
bentuk yang sudah ada atau bisa juga dengan
membuat bentukan baru yang belum terdefinisikan
sebelumnya.

Types of Geometry

Karakteristik bentuk bebas (free form)


1. Tidak bisa diprediksi
(unpredictable)
2. Sulit untuk pembenaran (difficult to
justify)
3. Sulit digambar (difficult to draw) dan
sulit dibangun (difficult to construct)
4. Bersifat Individualistic

Free Form

Tipe-tipe bangunan yang pernah


menggunakan pendekatan
geometri:
1. Monofunctional buildings
2. Complex building types
3. Literal combinations of free and
divine (monofunctional or
multifunctional)
4. The arbitrary combinations

Free Form

Megaron

Shezade Mosque

The Einstein Tower


Hobbit Astrophysical
Observatory in
Germany

House IV Peter
Eisenman

Mobius Strip Temple


A similar twisty shape is applied to
the design of Buddhist buildings. The
temple is a mound-like shape known
as a stupa similar to a pagoda
and contains a central spire where
Buddhists congregate. One architect
wanted to modernize it for a soon-tobe built temple in China, and based
the updated design on the Mobius
Strip which also happens to
symbolize reincarnation.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Tetrahedral-Shaped Church
The tetrahedron is a convex polyhedron
with four triangular faces. Youve seen
the same geometric principle used in
RPGs, because the dice is shaped the
same. Famed architect Walter Netsch
applied the concept to the United States
Air Force Academys Cadet Chapel in
Colorado Springs, Colorado. Its a
striking and classic example of
modernist architecture, with its row of
17 spires and massive tetrahedron
frame that stretches more than 150 feet
into the sky.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Pentagonal, Phyllotactic
Greenhouse and Education Center
Cornwall, Englands Eden Project is
home to the worlds largest greenhouse,
composed of geodesic domes that are
made up of hexagonal and pentagonal
cells. Their interactive education center
dubbed The Core incorporated
Fibonacci numbers (a math sequence
that also relates to the branching,
flowering, or arrangement of things in
nature) and phyllotaxis (the
arrangement of leaves) in its design.

Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

A Mathematically-Inclined
Cucumber in the Sky
Standing 591-feet tall, with 41 floors is
Londons skyscraper known as The
Gherkin. The modern tower was
carefully constructed with the help of
parametric modeling amongst other
math-savvy formulas so the architects
could predict how to minimize
whirlwinds around its base. The
designs tapered top and bulging
center maximize ventilation. The
building uses half the energy of other
towers the same size.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Experimental Math-Music Pavilion


Philips Electronics Company wanted
to create the experimental space,
calling it the first electronic-spatial
environment to combine architecture,
film, light and music to a total
experience made to functions in time
and space. It was through these
visually inspired concepts that
elevated the Philips Pavilion into a
complete experience where one could
visualize their special movements
through a space of sound, light, and
time.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Modern Music-Math Home


The curved, elegant structure
which also serves as an incredible
concert space for 200 people was
named the Integral House. The
homes owner Jim Stewart was a
calculus professor who wrote
textbooks and wanted to incorporate
the mathematical sign into the
homes name and design. Undulating
glass and wood walls also echo the
shape of a violin.

Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Solar Algorithm Wizardry


Barcelonas Endesa Pavillion used
mathematical algorithms to alter the
cubic buildings geometry, based on
solar inclination and the structures
proposed orientation. Algorithms can
be used to create the perfect building
for any location with the right
computer program. For Endesa, the
movement of the sun was tracked on
site before an architect from the
Institute for Advance Architecture of
Catalonia stepped in to complete the
picture.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Cube Village
Cube Village, built by Dutch
architect Piet Blom. His tilted,
geometric houses built on top
of a pedestrian bridge to mimic
an abstract forest are split into
three levels. The top has windows
on every facade and feels like a
separate structure entirely.

Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Magic Square Cathedral


The Sagrada Familia cathedral in
Barcelona designed by Antoni
Gaud is a mathematicians
dream. Hyperbolic paraboloid
structures are featured
throughout. Catenary arches (a
geometric curve) abound. The
cathedral also contains a Magic
Square an arrangement of
numbers that equal the same
amount in every column, row, and
diagonal.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics

Fractal Gas Station Makeover


A fractal is a fragmented geometric
shape that is split into several parts, but
each of those components is just a
smaller-sized copy of the overall form.
Many architects apply this
mathematical principle to their
building designs that recently had a
green makeover. Everything has
been stripped down including the
filling stations signs, which are subtle
symbols and the mirrored facade
beautifies ninety solar panels that
power the station. Recycled materials
and a plant-covered roof complete the
enviro-friendly revamp.
Sumber :
http://flavorwire.com/330293/10amazing-examples-of-architectureinspired-by-mathematics