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Introduction

A power station is an industrial place for the generation of electric


power. At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating
machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating
relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy
source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on
which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of
technology that the power company has access to. Most power stations in
the world burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas to generate
electricity, and some use nuclear power, but there is an increasing use of
cleaner renewable sources such as solar, wind, wave and hydroelectric. This
report will focus on Sultan Azlan Shah Power Plant in Manjung.

Background
The Manjung Power Plant was constructed on a man-made reclaimed
island off the cost of Perak, 4.5 m above sea level. In July 1999, a consortium
company including Alstom Power and Peremba was hired by TENAGA
NASIONAL BERHARD JANAMANJUNG (TNBJ) for the supply of 3 x 700 MW units
for the Manjung thermal power plant. Alstom Power was responsible for the
design and supply of the civil works of the power block, the equipment, the
erection, the commissioning, the training of the operation and maintenance
team, the test run and performance guarantee tests. Peremba was
responsible for the civil works of the auxiliary buildings,the electrical and
control equipment.

Objective
The objective for this report is to find :i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.

the net power output


the type and amount of fuel uses
the power consumed by the pumps, fans, and other auxiliary
equipment
stack gas losses
temperatures at several locations
the rate of heat rejection at the condenser and to
determine the rate of entropy generation in that power plant.

Scope
Study and analyze Manjung Power Plant. It is to obtain the data that is
needed to carry out calculation that must have certain data.

Main Report
1.Power Output
The nett power output for this power plant is 2,100 MW. It is represented
by 3 unit and each unit generate 700 MW (3 x 700 MW).
2.Burn Material Sources
The material that is use to produce heat is coal. Heat is consume by
burning the coal. Each year this plant needed 6,000,000 tons of coal to make
it keep running. Coal is delivered to the coal stockyard from the jetty through
the Jetty Delivery System by a series of belt conveyors and two
stacker/reclaimer machines. The nominal handling rate for the stacking
conveyor is 3,500t/h(tons/hours) and for the reclaiming conveyor, 2,500t/h.
3.Power consume by some equipment
Circulating water pumps
Six 50% duty concrete volute type main cooling water pumps take
cooling water
from the sea to the three condensers.
-

Feedwater pumps
The feedwater pump system is composed of 3 x 50 % feedwater motor-pump
sets, each including :
a booster pump,
a main pump,
a variable speed hydraulic coupling,
a drive motor.

Condensate extraction pumps


The condensate water is drawn from the condenser hotwell by two 100%
motor-pump sets. Each pump is of the multistage, vertical type with barrel. It

flow rate is at 2042 m3/h and with the speed of 1480 rpm.

Generator
The generator is a two-pole hydrogen and water cooled machine of the
Gigatop type. The rotor winding and the stator core are hydrogen cooled.
Generator parameters
Nominal rating
943 MVA
Power factor
0.85
Voltage
23 kV
Frequency
50 Hz
Short circuit ratio
0.51
Efficiency
98.9 %
H2 pressure
4 bar
Excitation
Static

Turbine
The turbine generator sets have a rated output corresponding to a nominal net
power of 700MW and have a rotating speed of 3000 rpm. The turbine is of axial
flow design with all turbine and generator rotors directly coupled in tandem.The
turbine consists of a high pressure (HP) turbine, an intermediate pressure(IP)
turbine and two double flow low pressure (LP) turbines.

4.Gas Losses
The Manjung Power Plant uses Alstoms clean coal technology for
combustion, opting for pulverised coal firing and the latest emissionreduction technologies: a sea water Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) unit to
remove sulphur oxide emissions and electrostatic precipitators to remove
particles. The Alstom FGD plant utilises the natural properties of sea water to
absorb the sulphur dioxide from the flue gas.

The plant has a wastewater treatment facility to treat its effluent before it is
released into the sea. The plant also helps in reinvigorating decayed mangrove swamps
in the area.
The plant exceeds the emission standards set by the World Bank in Malaysia. It
operates to particulate levels of 50mg/Nm while the expected ASEAN level is
400mg/Nm. It uses low NOx burners and a flue gas desulpherisation facility, to keep
NOx and SOx emissions low.

5.Temperature at several locations


Location
Turbine Throttle(HP @ 175
bar)
Condenser Inlet(IP @ 38 bar)
Condenser Inlet(LP @ 3 bar)
Condenser
Boiler

6.Rate of heat rejection at condenser

Condenser :Flow rate


Temp
Pressure

7.Enthropy

= 2042 m3/h
= 32o
= 85 Bar

Temperature
540o
540o
240o
32o
539o

Conclusion
Some of the objective of this report is fulfilled. However, there were some objective
cannot be fulfilled because of small difficulties.

Reference
Alstom.com/janamanjung
Wikipedia/ManjungPowerPlant
http://www.tnb.com.my/tnbf/Attachment_A.php

BMM 2513
THERMODYNAMICS 1
PROJECT 1
MANJUNG POWER PLANT

NAME : MUHAMMAD AKMAL BIN ADZMI


MATRIX NO. : MH13006

PROF. DR. HJ. SHAHRANI BIN HJ. ANUAR