Anda di halaman 1dari 28

icmember the story. Read and circle. M a t c h the sentences w i t h the pictures.

^The Beans go to the circus /(theatre).


| h e y see a p l a y about Phileas Fogg a n d his
T

detective / companion.
>. fhe canal / airport is t h e fastest w a y to I n d i a .
+ f h e thief / detective f o l l o w e d Fogg around
^rhe world.
^ e a n worked as a musician / magician in
t h e circus.
r

Theatres m a k e Dad sleepy / angry.

^ a d and a n s w e r w i t h f u l l sentences.
N o . t f i e a e aj^e/xe/n/t.

f Were there airports in t h e 19th c e n t u r y ?


L. What has PhiLeas Fogg got in picture 3?
^ H o w d o Fogg a n d Tean t r a v e l t o Egypt?
^ H o w do t h e y traveL in I n d i a ?
F W h y does the detective foLLow Fogg?
L vVhat w a s MiLLy's favourite part of t h e p l a y ?
7 I s Fogg a thief?

.id and write three words from the story in each column. Write four more words for each column.
Dramatic verbs

Travel and transport

Characters n different story types

V9
aaXorv

>

F i n i s h e d ? Choose six words in Activity 3 and use them to write sentences about the story.

4 Complete with the present perfect.


1 M u m hasnJt oee/rv

(not see) a pLay since Last year.

2 We

(travel) by train a n d by e l e p h a n t

3 The c a n a l

(not be) open for five years.

4 I

(work) a s a magician in t h e circus.

5 You

(be) a s l e e p f o r t w o hours!

5 Read a n d write the letter. Then complete w i t h the infinitive with to or the -ing form.
1 Mrs Bean likes ...

cLJ

(watch) t h e p l a y .

2 Phileas Fogg tries ...

Q^)

(follow) Phileas Fogg.

3 The detective decides...

(~)

(know) w h a t t h e play w a s about.

4 M i l l y a n d J i l l y enjoyed ... (^j

5 Dad pretended ...

(~)

aoimx^

(go) to t h e t h e a t r e .
(travel) around t h e w o r l d in 8 0 d a y s .

6 Make sentences w i t h and, when or while a n d t h e past simple or past continuous.


1 Fogg a n d Jean / g e t / o n t h e b o a t / t h e detective / see / t h e m

W l v i i e Faac^ a/rud Jeom2 Fogg / hold / t h e passports / Jean / carry / t h e luggage

3 they / t r a v e l / in I n d i a / t h e y / h i r e / a n e l e p h a n t

4 Jean / w e a r / a costume / he / d o / m a g i c t r i c k s

5 they / t r a v e l / in t h e United States / I n d i a n s / c a t e n / Jean

7 Read a n d a n s w e r .
1 W h a t ' s your favourite adventure story?
2 W h o are t h e m a i n characters?
3 W h a t happens in t h e story?

4 W h y do y o u like t h e story
^ l ^ f n s i e j f f i Write a review of the play (Around the World in 80 Days). Who are the main
characters? W h a t happens in the play? W h a t do you think of the play? U

95

r.

i . 4
X e m e m b e r t h e s t o r y . R e a d a n d w r i t e True or False. M a t c h t h e s e n t e n c e s w i t h t h e p i c t u r e s .
Ben and Suki w e r e born at Aceton Zoo.

FaXoe

^ 2 Pandas are endangered.


3 Pandas are omnivores.
" 4 Pandas are protected n C h i n a .
^> Ben a n d Suki are t w o years o d .
0> Pandas e a t bamboo a n d sugar cae.

! R e p l a c e t h e talk
^

starving

words w i t h t h e adjectives (1-4). I n v e n t sentences (5-8).

hilarious

fascinated

eH-eJ-etre j

( awful

enormous

tiny

filthy

1 J a m s a n d w i c h e s are very tasty.


2 Billy is very hungry.
3 M i l l y and J i l l y are very interested.
\s face w a s

veryfunny.

Complete w i t h words from the story. Use the words to complete the crossword,
\cross
2 A

QAOAJLK.'V- \:,.y

isanaduLt.

LL-

6 I f something is very f u n n y , it's


4 W h e n pandas are t w o y e a r s o d , t h e y

home.
animal.

1 It's I l e g a l to hunt a
) Pandas Uve in t h e _

in C h i n a .
is t h e place w h e r e y o u Uve.

I Your
~>own
^ Pandas are an

species.

5 You can carry w a t e r in a w a t e r


A

10

is a kind of bus.

) People shouldn't cut

so m a n y trees.

S S ^ l F m i s f i e f l ^ Write a short article about Ben and Suki. How od are they? W h a t do they look like?
Where are they from? Where do they Uve now? W h a t do they eat? g ]

4 Read a n d circle.
1 Pandas are omnivores. They e a t . . .

a everyone.

b everywhere.

(^^verythingT)

2 ... s excited about t h e school trip.

a Everyone

b Everywhere

c Everything

3 Ben h a s f o u n d ... t o e a t .

a everything

b anything

c something

4 BilLy hasn't g o t . . . for Lunch now.

a something

b everything

c anything

5 Complete with must or can't.


1 I ' m h u n g r y . I t mus
2 You

be nearLy l u n c h t i m e .

be h u n g r y ! We've j u s t had breakfast!

3 We've j u s t Left home. We

be a t t h e zoo y e t !

4 Ben is eating s o m e t h i n g . I t

be BiLLy's packed Lunch!

5 Suki is having a nap. She


6 BiLLy is Laughing. He

be tired.
be a n g r y .

6 Make s e n t e n c e s w i t h going to.


1 t h e chiLdren / not y / to China to see t h e pandas
Th^

cAilcLge/rv aAe/n/t

2 Dad / m a k e / sandwiches / for BiLLy, JilLy a n d MiLLy

3 BiLLy / take / his w a t e r bottLe / on t h e trip

4 JiLLy / not e a t / her Lunch / on t h e coach

5 Ben / not have / a nap

I m a g i n e you're going to the zoo tomorrow. Decide w h a t to take a n d write sentences. (


w a t e r bottLe

guidebook

sun cream

survivaL bLanket

map

first aid kit

sandwiches

camera

TIL

t a i c e a ...

11^

Fi m s h ecffi Write a review of the story [SchooL trip to the zoo). Who are the main characters?
W h a t happens in the story? W h a t do you think of the story? 1^1

^ m e m b e r t h e s t o r y . W r i t e t h e a m e s . M a t c h t h e s e n t e n c e s w i t h t h e pictures.
^

MiMu

has designed a speciaL hoody.

has nvented a computer

^programme.
9

has built a sateLLite c a m e r a .


has said BiLLy can borrow his

^camera.
^

s w e a r i n g a bLue tracksuit.

is w e a r i n g a checked raincoat.

3tch w i t h t w o e n d i n g s .
a waLkie-taLkies in t h e sLeeves.

i MiLLy's hoody has g o t . . .

b traveL to t h e edge of space.


7 W i l l i a m ' s tabLet PC c a n . . .

c Linkto o t h e r g a d g e t s .
d t a k e photos of continents a n d oceans.

i 3iLLy's sateLLite c a m e r a can ...

e downLoad songs a n d photos.


f

smartthreadsthatchangecoLour.

L.id and circle nine words from the story. Write three words in each column.
1 ..en write three more words in each column.
r

g
s

g
c

P b
u w

P
i

y
a

c
d w

y
L

g
i

j
n

P
0

r
a

Clothes and accessories

ICT

Planets and space

^ ^ l F ^ K e ^ Think of another project for the science fair and write a presentation about it.
W h a t is it? W h a t can it do? W h a t can you use it for? ID
!

4 Complete with the past simple passive.


1 The s m a r t hoodies ajis-e/ie &&cyneA

(design) by MilLy.

2 The programme for the t a b l e t PC

(invent) by Wil'am.

3 The sateLLite camera

(build) by BiLLy.

4 Dad's camera

(carry) a w a y by t h e w i n d .

5 The photos

(downLoad) to WiLLiam's tabLet PC.

6 The c a m e r a

(find) by t h e chiLdren in t h e park.

5 Rewrite the sentences using reported speech.


1 T h e s m a r t hoodies are my design,' said MiLLy.
M i x t a OQCL

2 'My tabLet PC Links to other gadgets,' Wil'am toLd the audience.

3 T m t y i n g a c a m e r a to t h e baLloon,' said BiLLy.

4 T h e baLloon is f l y i n g t o w a r d s t h e park,' Betty told t h e m .

6 M a k e sentences using the first conditional.


1 MiLLy / w i n / the science competition / she / be / happy
I M i % aiM/rio t l i e ace/rice co^mrieXti/>Tv.
2 I / let go / the baLloon / f l y a w a y

3 w e / d o w n l o a d / the photos / w e / see / w h e r e t h e c a m e r a is

4 w e / lose / Dad's c a m e r a / he / be / a n g r y

7 Read and answer. E l


1 I f y o u w o n lots of m o n e y , w h a t w o u l d
you buy?
2 I f y o u had a p l a e , w h e r e w o u l d you
t r a v e l to?

3 I f y o u had a p a r t y , w h o w o u l d y o u invite?
4 if y

0 u r

school had a fashion show, w h a t

would you wear?

"omplete
matches

trips
second

charities t h a n k f u l pie
potatoes food
dinner

parade

Thanksgiving is a special time- because people think

a Thanksgiving lm^r to

about all the good things n tbe-ir lives and feel

poor people on Thanksgiving

(1) tfuvrvfc^uX

Da>(, too.

for what the>{ have.

People in the United otates celbrate Thanksgiving on

In Sanada, people

the fourth "flnursda>f in November. families get together

celbrate Thanksgiving on

and share a traditional (2)

the (7)

stuffing, mashed (3)

of turfce^ with
with grav>f, sweet

Monda^ in October, but

people often eat their Thanksgiving dinner on the

potatoes, cranberq sauce, com and vegetables.

Sunda^ before. Thanksgiving is a popular time to

TVie traditional Thanksgiving dessert is pumpkin

travel, and man>f families go on (8)

(4)

for Thanksgiving weekend. Dther families like going

Man^ people tr>( to help poor people at Thanksgiving.


Some communities collect (5)
to poor people. Lots of (6)

to give
serve

to the Thanksgiving Da^ (9)

or

watching special football (10)


together.

wiake notes. Write about a special m e a l in your country. H


W h e n do you e a t t h e m e a l ?

3 W h a t do y o u eat?

/ W h o do you e a t it w i t h ?

4 W h y do you e a t this m e a l ?

_ j m p l e t e t h e Thanksgiving crossword.
x People eat a s p e c i a l . . . on
Thanksgiving D a y .
1

Some people ... in soup kitchens.


Thanksgiving is a f a m i l y ...
... pie is a Thanksgiving dessert.

:> People s a y w h a t t h e y ' r e ...for.


b The o r i g i n a l T h a n k s g i v i n g dinner w a s t o
say t h a n k you for a good ...
7

Some people w a t c h t h e Thanksgiving D a y ...


^ ^ [ F m T s f i e f l ^ Write about another celebration in your country. When is it? W h y do people celbrate it?
W h a t happens (e.g. parades, gifts, parties, costumes)? 8

1 Read and write the headings.


Surfing Santa

Christmas countdown

Btrez&-a^d-eeefs^teire

Tastytreats

People all around the world celbrate Christmas every gear,


but different countries have different
1

Da/g/zXina

traditions.

&cj&ixA)&nA

I n the United States, people often decrate

I n t h e UK, people prepare a t r a d i t i o n a l

their houses a n d gardens for C h r i s t m a s .

C h r i s t m a s cake and a t r a d i t i o n a l C h r i s t m a s

They put up bright, c o l o u r f u l lights on their

pudding. The cake and t h e pudding are often

houses and t h e y s o m e t i m e s put models of

m a d e w e e k s , or sometimes months, before

s n o w m e n , Father C h r i s t m a s or reindeer in

Christmas. They're both made with lots offruit,

their gardens.

butter and sugar, and they're both delicious!

I n G e r m a n y , children often have a n advent

C h r i s t m a s in A u s t r a l i a is different because

calendar. An advent c a l e n d a r has 24 little

the w e a t h e r in December is hot a n d s u n n y .

Windows. Children open one w i n d o w every

A u s t r a l i a n s often celbrate C h r i s t m a s on the

d a y from l s t December u n t i l C h r i s t m a s .

beach. I n t h e UK, Father C h r i s t m a s comes

Advent c a l e n d a r s are popular in t h e UK, too.

down the c h i m n e y , but in A u s t r a l i a , he often


w e a r s a s w i m s u i t and arrives on a surfboard!

_
2 M a t c h . W r i t e s e n t e n c e s a b o u t p r e p a r i n g for C h r i s t m a s . 8
1 make^

a presents

b
cards
b c a r d s

P^^ "^- ^^

3 send

c carols

4 decrate

d cakes

5 wrap

e houses

P e r f i l e , eLo- l a t o ol

tfii/ngo

to- n/tap/i/iP, v i ,

C / M a t m a s . T f ^ p raaJce, cales

amn,

F i n d , circle a n d w r i t e e i g h t C h r i s t m a s w o r d s .
1

iv^e^e/nto

y
h

l
s

y
q.
z

J)

y
z

y
t

q.

V m

X m

j
u

p
k
d

J ^ l F i n s K e Imagine you're having a Christmas party. Write about your preparations,

e.g. Vm going to decrate...

101

mpLete with the present simple passive.

The first World Poetry Pav( was on


Zlst March, ZOOO. Now, World Poetry Pa>f

to poets and lots of e*hibitions

(1)

(5)

(celbrate)

on 2lst March eveq >(ear. It's a special


davj for thinking about poetq and poets,

(hoU).

We celbrate World Poetry Pav( because poetq is an


important art. People have written poems for centuries

jnd it's a great time for children to learn about poetq at

and man^j new poems (6)

ochool. Poems (2)

eveq ^ear. Writing poems is a wa>( to tell other people

(read) and written

^ ( children all over the world on World Poetq Pa^.


Man>( poets (3)

(write)

how we feel, what we think and how we see the world.

(invite) to read

P-eading poems makes us think about our language and

their poems to audiences at bookshops, cafs, universities

(give)

and schools. /\wards (4)

how we use words.

ite the rhyming words. Think of one more word for each sound. Write a poem.
right

wait

A>Lue

tune

bird

far

friend

new

time

sea

sun

5 rhyme

ne/us-

2 end

6 one

l me

7 great

8 word

#vhte

9 soon
10 star

r mpete the World Poetry Day crossword. Write the secret word.
L ."he word 'poem' has got t w o

u|/lla4o

I A haiku has got three


\s song has got a great
"wrotea

! Let's dance!

i
2

3
4

for World Poetry D a y .

> Haikus don't

5 A poet is a kind of

1 World Poetry Day is on 21st

E v

is a t y p e of J a p a n e s e poem.

^ ^ f f m s i i e ^ Write six more pairs of rhyming words. O

The secret word is:

Q/

Bilingual dictionary
Starter Unit
School and learning words

D a y s o f the w e e k

S c h o o l subjects

club

Monday

art

coach

Tuesday

citizenship

exam

Wednesday

design

homework

Thursday

drama

practice

Friday

English

study

Saturday

geography

subject

Sunday

history
ICT

term

literature

test

maths

textbook

music

timetable

science
sport

Unitl
D r a m a t i c verbs

Performers a n d s k i l l s

catch

acrobat

chase

comedian

cheer

do acrobatics

escape .

get on w i t h people

foLLow

Learn n e w skills

hide

magician

Laugh

musician

mutter

perform tricks

rescue
scream
shout
whisper

p l a y a n instrument
practise a lot
telljokes
workasateam

Other useful words

Bilingual dictionary

fl^land

Air t r a v e l

transport

Other useful words

boarding

port

| fr-

check-in
gate
hand Luggage

landing

ftrway
#

Luggage

3 0

ifay

passport

ijsign

queue

r'works

seat belt

ILimit

JL-,

security

. .cjam

take-off

i..el

ticket

L-3
cacters in different story t y p e s

Story w o r d s

ant

alien

anin

clue

L-tive

creatures

2niy

diamond

int
-r

disguise

'ne

magic cloak

ter

neckLace

magnifying
glass
shield
spaceship

hnracter
: ^ss
r

spell
time machine
UFO

Other useful words

K 1 Bingual dictionary
Unit4
Lifeevents

Family and community

beborn

best friend

getajob

j child

getmarried

community

goto

university

grandparent
g r 0

wn-up

growup

home

have children

husband

learntodrive

neighbour

leave home

parent

leave school

j teenager

movehouse

toddler

retire

start school

'.

Other useful words

Unit5
Conservation

Environment

African penguin

c l e a n up

Antarctic blue

cutdown

whale

give a w a y

Arcticfox

lookafter

Atlantic

pollute

albatross
Chnese river
dolphin
endangered
European bison
extinct
Iberian l y n x
in captivity

Other useful words


_

puton
recycle
sort out
throwaway _
t u r n off
useup
waste

in the w i l d
protected
105

|p

Bilingual dictionary

^ 6
:(edition

E x t r e m e adjectives

n^site

awful

rjark

deLicious

s^'nation

deLighted

0 a i d kit

enormous

* t

exhausted

#elLent

fantastic

Wmark

fascinated

iionaL park

filthy

:nic rea

hiLarious

Other useful words

starving
r :ream

terrified

, .val

tiny

; ,nket
i . j r bottLe

o i h e s a n d accessories

Textile adjectives
baggy

'case

bright

i Jbag

checked

cuy

comfortabLe

iris

dark

} ngs

paLe

"oat

patterned

pLain

i\.-jse

sparkLy

ICKSUt

spotted

liners

striped

i eLLa

tight

Ur

Other useful words

BilinguaL dictionary
Unit8
ICT nouns a n d verbs

G a d g e t s a n d inventions

Other useful words

attach

caLcuLator

clickon

i digitaLcamera

copy

| d i g i t a l radio

delete

e-reader

download

g a m e s consol

con

Laptop

Unk

\e phone

logon

password

; sat-nav

paste

i tabletPC

save

i telephone

textmessage

i
_

i
j

MP3player

walkie-talkie

Unt9
P l a n e t s a n d space

Science a n d s p a c e

asteroid

astronomer

comet

build

constellation

calclate

continent

design

moon

\r

ocean

orbit

invention

planet

inventor

pole

notice

observe

record

scientist

'sateLLite
solar s y s t e m
star

Other useful words

i
experiment

j
i

p)

Grammar reference

^ r t e r Unit

Question tags

| j s e question tags to c h e c k t h a t someone agrees w i t h w h a t we're s a y i n g


H/o sport toda y, don't we?
tik isn't liiiy's

bag, is it?

estion tags
Question tag

Negative statement

Question tag

aren't

I?

I'm not...

am

I?

fe- Sheis...

isn't

he /she?

He/She isn't...

is

he/ she?

iP/We/You/They are...

aren't

you / w e / you /they?

You / We / You / They aren't... are

you / w e / you /they?

^other affirmative
anttenseverb,

don't

1/ you / we / you / they?

any other negative present


tense verb, e.g. I d o n t p l a y /

do

1/ you / we / you / they?

f pLay / He pLays...

doesn't

he/she?

He doesn't play...

does

he/she?

/mative statement

: ~t 1

We use the present continuous to t a l k about


things t h a t are happening now.

Present simple a n d
present continuous

L j s e t h e present s i m p l e to t a l k about repeated


t jns, facts, things w e believe are true a n d
i ^ratives.
l _ , rde their bikes every
L.. at this

Saturday.

resent simple
^mative

play
plays

She

football.

tive

'^u/We/You/They

don't play

e 'She

doesn't pLay

i
L
r

football.

tions

I / y o u / we /you/they
he/she

I can't answer the phone beca use I'm having


a shower.
P r e s e n t c o n t i n u o u s ( b e + v e r b + -ng)
Affirmative

picture!

vou/We/You /They

play football?

'm playing

You/We/You/They

're playing

He/She

's playing

football.

Negative

'm not playing

You / W e / You /They

aren't playing

He/She

isn't playing

football.

Questions

Am

Are

you / we / you / they

Is

he/ she

playing
football?

Short answers

K c answers
h.. mative

Negative

Affirmative

Negative

;s, ^ / you do.

No, 1/ you don't.

Yes, I am.

No, I'm not.

is, .ie/she does.

No, he/she doesn't.

Yes, you / we / you /they are.

No, you / we/ you /they aren't.

is, .\/e / you / they do.

No, we / you / they don't.

Yes, he/she is.

No, he/she isn't.

Grammar reference
Unit 1

s o a n d such

Unit 2

with adjectives

We use so a n d such to emphasize adjectives in t h e


s a m e w a y w e use very. We use that after both so
a n d such to introduce a r e s u l t
It's so

sunny.

We've finished our

homework.

Affirmative

such

so + adjective

I/You/We/You/They

ve seen

He /She

s seen

the film.

Negative

I Love this film. It's so exciting!


such + a/an + adjective + noun

This is such an exciting film!

Fact

Result

The tickets are so expensive

thatlcan't go.

He's such a popular actor

that everyone wants to see him.

Verb + infinitive with lo


need

He/She

hasn't seen

the film.

pretend
agree

to

Have

I / you / we / you / they

Has

he / she

seen the film?

Affirmative

Negative

Yes, I / you / we / you /


they have.

No, I / you / we / you /


they haven't.

Yes, he/she has.

No, he/she hasn't

We use t h e past simpLe to taLk about actions t h a t


started and finished in the past. We often say
w h e n t h e action happened.

expect

I decided to go
to France.

haven't seen

Short answers

Verb patterns

Some verbs are


foLLowed by the
infinitive w i t h to.

I/You/We/You/They

Questions

so and such with that

Unit 2

We use the present perfect to taLk about recent past


actions, and past actions t h a t are stiLL true now.

Present perfect

It was such a good game that we didn't want it


to end.
so a n d

Present perfect a n d past simple

go

We finished our homework.

at 6

o'dock.

offer
Past simple

promise
Some verbs are
foLLowed by the
gerund (the -ing
form of t h e verb).
laways

enjoy

going to France.

Affirmative

.
..
Verb + g e r u n d ( - i n g form)
imagine

I/You/He/She/
We /You /They

enjoy

Negative

avoid

going

I/You/He/She/
We/You/They

suggest
not mind

saw

the film last week.

didn't see

the film last week.

Questions
D j d

I/you/he/she/
we / you / they

see the film Last week?

Short answers
Affirmative

Negative

Yes, 1/ you /he / s h e /


w e / you /they did.

No, 1/ you / he/she/


we / you / they didn't
109

G rom mar reference


3

r\

Past simple a n d
past continuous

i p s e t h e past continuous to taLk about things


w e r e happening at a particuLar t i m e in the

W h e n one action interrupts another, w e use t h e


past continuous and t h e past
Remember!
simpLe w i t h when or whiie.
In sentences beginning
with whiie, use a
comma(,) betweenthe
past continuous and
past simple.

I was eating dinner


when m y friend
arrived.
Whiie we were eating

si c o n t i n u o u s

dinner, my friend

arrived.

i. .mative

Re / She

was playing

)../We/ You/They

were playing

football at
four o'clock.

/re/She

wasn't playing

5 / W e / You /They

weren't playing

football at
four o'clock.

ue stions

I/he/she

Past continuous + when + past simple

I was playing football when it started to rain.

eyative

r -3

Interrupted action

playing football
at four o'clock?

you / we / you / they

r T / he/she was.
r 'jou/we/you/
eu were.

Negative

No, I / he / she wasn't.


No, you / we / you /
they weren't.

Unit 3

Present perfect
for a n d s i n c e

with

for w i t h a period of t i m e
since w h e n w e w a n t t o say w h e n something
started in t h e past.
I V e studied Englishfor

t ~an aLso use the past continuous to taLk about


i .Ltaneous events in t h e past.
r paraLLeL actions, i.e. w h e n t w o t h i n g s w e r e
ippening at the s a m e t i m e , w e use t h e past
i ,'nuous w i t h and.
i j eating dinner and m y friend

Whiie I was playing football, it started to rain.

We use t h e present perfect w i t h / o r a n d since to


s a y h o w Long something has been h a p p e n i n g :

-t answers
"mative

Whiie + past continuous + past simple

was reading

allel actions
ast continuous + and + past continuous

i/vas playing football and it was raining.

seven

I've studied English since I

years.
wasfive.

Present perfect with for a n d since


've lived
three months.
I/You/We/
for
haven't lived
You /They
seven years.
here
's lived
He/She
since 2010.
hasn't Lived
j

Unit 4

Modal verbs

We use must, can't, might/may a n d could to say


w h e t h e r something is possibLe or certain.
It must be od.

I'm sure it's od.

It can't be new.

I'm sure it's not

It might/may/could

be Romn.

new.

-> I'm not sure.

Modal verbs
must
It

can't
might / may / could

od.
be

new.
some treasure.
J

Grammar reference
Unit 4

Present perfect with


just,

W e use going to for pLans a n d decisions m a d e


earLier.

a n d yef

already

Tm going to do my homework

W e use t h e present perfect w i t h just t o t a l k a b o u t


t h i n g s w e ' v e done recently, a n d w i t h aiready

to

going

taLk a b o u t t h i n g s w e ' v e done in t h e past. We use


w e haven't done, but intend t o do.
- Tve done it

Tve already done my homework.


the

recently.

- Tve done it in

I haven't done my homework


it, but I plan

yet. I haven't

done

to.

P r e s e n t p e r f e c t w i t h j u s f . already

a n d yef

'm going to

He/She

's going to

You / W e /You /They

're going to

ring the doctor


this afternoon.

I / Y o u / W e / You/They

've

He/She

's

just/
already

'm not going to

He/She

isn't going to

You / W e / Y o u /They

aren't going to

ring the doctor


this afternoon.

Questions

Affirmative
gone
home.

Is

he/she

Are

you / we / you /they

ring the doctor


this afternoon?

going to

Short answers

Negative
I/You/We/You/They

haven't

He/She

hasn't

gone
home

yet.

will a n d going lo

W e use will for instant decisions.


TU do my homework
will

Negative

past.

Unit 5

fo for p l a n s a n d d e c i s i o n s m a d e e a r l i e r

Affirmative

t h e present perfect w i t h y e i t o taLk a b o u t t h i n g s

Tve just done my homework.

later.

now.

No, I'm not.

Yes, he / she is.

No, he/she isn't.

Yes, you / we / you /they are.

No, y o u / w e / you/they aren't.

less a n d fewer

( w i t h countabLe nouns) to taLk a b o u t a smaLLer

ring the doctor.

will

We should

ring the doctor.

Questions

eat less cake and fewer

W e use less/more...
We should

won't

than...

eat morefruit

sweets.

in comparisons.

than

sweets.

less a n d fewer
We should use

I/you/he/she/
we/you/they

fewer

amount.

Negative

Will

Yes, I am.

We use less (with uncountabLe nouns) ana

Affirmative

I/You/He/She/
We/You/They

Negative

Unit 5

for instant decisions

I/You/He/She/
We/You/They

Affirmative

less

water.

fewer

plstic bags.

ring the doctor?

Short answers
Affirmative

Negative

Yes, I / you / he / she/


we / you / they will.

No, 1 / y o u / h e / s h e /
we / you / they won't.

Comparison
Playing
outside uses

less
more

electricity

than

playing
inside.
j

Grommor reference
^nit

w i l l a n d going

to

going
to f o r p r e d i c t i o n s a b o u t t h e f u t u r e
based on what w e c a n see now

jge use will for predictions a b o u t t h e f u t u r e .


%hen
'vill

I grow up, I'll be a

Questions

pot.

for predictions about the future

*\ffirmative

Are

you/ we/you/they

Is

he / she

going to

be Late?

Short answers
will

X/You /He/She/
We/You / They

goto the United States


next year.

Negative
won't

^/You/He/She/
We /You / They

goto the United States


next year.

Affirmative

Negative

Yes, I am.

No, I'm not.

Yes, he / she is.

No, h e / s h e isn't.

Yes, you / we / you /


they are.

No, y o u / w e / y o u /
they aren't.

Questions
/LI

1/y /
/
/
we/you/they
u

goto the United States

Unit 6

next year.

j j _ s , I / you / he / she /
we / you / they will.

pronouns

W e use indefinite pronouns w h e n w e don't w a n t

'hort answers
affirmative

Indefinite

to or can't be e x a c t a b o u t w h o , w h e r e or w h a t

Negative

w e ' r e taLking a b o u t .

No, 1 / y o u / h e / s h e /
we / you / they won't.

Does anyone know where JiLLy is?


J

e use going to for predicting t h i n g s in t h e f u t u r e


bdsed on w h a t w e c a n see now.

oing fo f o r p r e d i c t i o n s a b o u t t h e f u t u r e
ased on what w e c a n see now
ffirmative
'm going to
's going to

;u / We /You / They

're going to

be late.

. .egative
-

'm not going to

.,e/She

's not going to

. J U / We/You /They

aren't going to

There's something

under the

keys.

bed.

Indefinite pronouns

7 he bus isn't here. I'm going to be Late.

e/She

Tve Looked everywhere for my

be Late.

Affirmative
sentences

Places

Things

People

somewhere

something

someone

everywhere

everything

everyone

nowhere

nothing

no one

anything

anyone

Negative
sentences and anywhere
questions

Grammar reference
Unit 7

Unit 8

Reported speech

We use reported speech to taLk about w h a t


someone said. Reported speech is different from
direct speech: the verb tense a n d some other
words change.
She told him that it was from herfavourite
He said he liked her

shop.

jeans.

Includeacomma(,)
after the possibLe event

If you don't eat your


dinner, you'll be hungry.
rains, I won't play

Remember!

tennis.

First conditional

said

Possible event: //+ present

Direct speech

Reported speech

'I Like your jeans.'

He said he Liked her jeans.

'She's wearing my sister's


raincoat.'

He said she was wearing his


sister's raincoat.

told
Direct speech

Reported speech

'They're from my
favourite shop.'

She told him they were from her


favourite shop.

1 work here on
Saturdays.'

She told him she worked there


on Saturdays.

Unit 7

We use the first conditionaL


to taLk about possibLe events
and outcomes in the f u t u r e .

Ifit

Reported speech

First conditional

Present simple passive

We use the present simpLe passive to emphasize


t h e person o r t h i n g affected by a n action, not the
person o r t h i n g doing the action.
The bags are made in Per.

If

I/you/
we / y o u /
they

practise, /
don't
practise,

he/she

practises, /
doesn't
practise,

Unit 8

Outcome: will + infinitive


I/you/
h e / she/
we/you/
they

will/
won't

pass
the
exam.
J

Past simple passive

We use the past simpLe passive to emphasize the


person o r t h i n g affected by an action, not the
person o r t h i n g t h a t did the action.
The films

were made in New

Zealand.

Past simple passive statements


The machine

was/wasn't

invented

Last year.

The adverts

were / weren't

shown

onTV.

Present simple passive


Subject

be

Past participle

This room

is / isn't

used

for art club.

The paintings

are / aren't

put

on the walls.

Wh- questions
Question word

be

Subject

Past participle

Where

are

the bags

made?

Yes/No questions
be

Subject

Past participle

Is

theT-shirt

made

of cotton?

Are

the shoes

made

of Leather?

Short answers
Affirmative

Negative

Yes, it is.

No, they aren't.

113

Grammar reference
it 9

Second conditional

ijpse t h e second conditional to taLk about outcomes of unlikeLy


j p p o s s i b l e events.
ffidn't

brush my teeth, they would fal

i, u had a spaceship,

Remember!
IncLude a comma (,)
afterthe unlikely or
impossible event

out.

where would you go?

yju met an alien, would you be sea red?


r^ond conditional
kely/Impossible event: if + past simple
Subject

Past tense

1 I/you /he/she/
we / you / they

i t 9

Outcome: would + infinitive

won

a Lot of money,

Subject/Object

would

Infinitive without fo

I/you / he/she/
we / you / they

would

buy a big house.

Past simple passive questions a n d a n s w e r s

l s e past simpLe passive questions to a s k about t h e person or t h i n g affected by a n


n , not t h e person or t h i n g t h a t did t h e action.
ho was the letter sent to?
*re the photographs

taken by your

brother?

t simple passive questions

h - questions
i>~stion word
f

be

Subject

Past participle

was

the film

made

by?

were

the letters

sent

to?

v. Vo questions
r

; answers

'i

native

Subject

Past participle

the film

made

by Alfonso Curon?

the books

written

by Roa Id Dahl?

:s, . / h e / s h e / i t was.
isj ou / we/ you / they were.
;

Negative
No, I / he / she / it wasn't.
No, you / we/ you / they weren't.

Fluency cards

Tick once ( / ) the things you can do.

Ask A questions about the activities below.

T i c k t w i c e ( / / ) the things you're good at.

Can he/she do it? I s he/she good at it?

~~~~

}r I

r
J

You're a customer at the train station.

You w o r k a t the train station.

Choose a destination a n d buy a train ticket.

A is a customer. A n s w e r A's questions.

Destination
Manchester

single ticket I how much?


^next

Glasgow

train I leaves

which

Cardiff

when?

plotform?

^^arrives

when?

Time

Destination

Platform

Arrival

Price

14:13

Manchester

15

16:32

33.00

14:30

Glasgow

13

18:45

14:56

Cardiff

17:01

II

fl
40.00
20.13

You're a libraran. B is a student.

You're a student in a library Looking for

Find out w h a t kind of books B Likes and

something to read. Your a m e is A l e x .

recommend one.

A n s w e r the Librarian's questions.

^ like I whot sort

ofbooks?

how obout I detective

story?

might like I science fiction


^science
this one

fiction novis I

Reading profile

book?

favourite?

Type of books I like to read:


I like/don't like:
detective stories X science fiction /
Favourite: ooie/nce

fantasy y

Fluency cards

Tick once ( / ) t h e things y o u can do.

Ask B questions about t h e activities below.

T i c k t w i c e ( / / ) t h e things you're good at.

Can he/she do it? I s he/she good at it?

1II1

f
<

You're a customer at the t r a i n s t a t i o n .

You w o r k a t the train station.

Choose a destination and buy a t r a i n ticket.

B is a customer. A n s w e r B's questions.

single ticket I how much?

Destination
Manchester

^nexttrainIleaves

Glasgow
Cardiff
i

- 4

which

platform?

arrives

when?

when?

Time

Destination

Platform

Arrival

Price

14:13

Manchester

15

16:32

33.00

14:30

Glasgow

13

18:45

40.00

14:56

Cardiff

17:01

20.13

U
You're a libraran. A is a student.

You're a student in a lbrary looking for

Find out w h a t kind of books A likes a n d

something to read. Your a m e is Francis.

recommend one.

A n s w e r t h e librarian's questions.

like I what sort of books?


how about /science
might like I detective
detective stories I
this one

fiction

Reading profile
story?

stories?
favourite?

ame: F'
Type of books I like to read:
I like/don't like:
detective stories S
Favourite: cUi^ctioj-e-

science fiction X fantasy S


$AxyeA

Fluency

caras

You're preparing for a p a r t y . Read your to do


List. S t a r t t h e conversation by t e l l i n g B about
the party. Then respond to B's offers.

To do for -tne party


* WOVJ

up some balloona

A is preparing for a party.


Offer to heLp.
Offer to m a k e a cake.

Offer to buy some snacks.


Offer to m a k e some sandwiches
and ask how many.

suggestions:
You w a n t to raise money for Earth Week.

jumble sale

f a n c y dress day

Start the conversation w i t h B. TaLk in pairs

cake s a l e

sponsored s w i m

people like it

easy to organize

good exercise

lots of f u n

a n d agree on a suggestion.
A: Choose and suggest a w a y to raise m o n e y .
Say w h y it's good.
B: Say no a n d give a reason w h y it's not good.
Make another suggestion.

good

because:

not good

because:

A: Say no a n d give a reason w h y it's not good.

Class 6D is doing it

B: Agree t o d o t h a t .

difficult to organize it might rain

not so much f u n

You're in a n e w t o w n .
Choose a place and ask B for directions.
Give B some t i m e to plan the route.

A is asking y o u for directions to a place


of his/her choice. Plan a route and give
A directions.

Follow B's directions on the m a p on t h e


other side of this card.
Ask questions if something isn't clear.
End the conversation p o l i t e l y .

117

Fluency cards

You're preparing for a party. Read your to do


List. Start the conversation by t e l l i n g A about
the p a r t y . Then respond to A's offers.

Offer to m a k e a cake.

* bu^ snate>

WOVJ

Offer to heLp.
Offer to m a k e some s a n d w i c h e s .

To do for fot party

B is preparing for a party.

Offer to bLow up some balloons


a n d a s k how m a n y .

up aomfr baUoons (zo)


1
suggestions:

You w a n t to raise money for Earth Week.

jumbLe s a l e

f a n c y dress d a y

W a i t for A to start t h e conversation. TaLk in

cake s a l e

sponsored s w i m

people Like it

easy to organize

good exercise

Lots of f u n

pairs a n d agree on a suggestion.

A: Choose and suggest a w a y to raise m o n e y .

S a y w h y it's good.
B: Say no a n d give a reason w h y it's not good.

good

because:

M a k e another suggestion.

A: Say no a n d give a reason w h y it's not good.

CLass 6D is doing it

B: Agree t o d o t h a t .

difficuLtto organize it might rain

not good

You're in a n e w t o w n .

not so much f u n

B is asking you for directions to a pLace

Choose a p L a c e a n d ask A f o r directions.


Give A some t i m e to p l a n t h e route.

because:

&

Follow A's directions on t h e m a p on t h e


other side of this card.
Ask questions if something isn't cLear.
End t h e conversation politeLy.

of his/her choice. PLan a route a n d give


B directions.

,
1

Fluency cords

You're a customer in a cLothes shop.

You w o r k in a cLothes shop.

You're t a l k i n g to a shop assistant about

You're responding to the customer.

the cLothes you'd Like to try on.

Choose appropriate responses.

^.changlng
^z^T-shirt

rooms I where?

J
^

I larger size?

The chang/'ng rooms are over


t h e r e / o n t h e l e f t / on the r/ght
v

jeans / sze 344?


^.Fllbuy...
^z.

^ / Sure. Here you ore.

This one is s/ze


^ ^ ^ o f c o ^ ^

i'm sorry. We haven't


got your size.

Thank you! Bye.

Goodbye!

D
You're doing a survey about computers.

The sheet beLow contains information

Ask B questions.

about your use of computers. A n s w e r A's

questions.

use computers I ever?

Computer survey

computer at home?
use a computer/

uses computers? S
has computer at home? S

where?

where is computer used? boma,

scbyoi

how often USed? |i/i3-e- ti/me cu iJ3-eeio


how
often? website?
j
^what
avourite

for?

reason for use? cjxxmeo, IWmeojixvi/L


favourite website?

\&wAjy.^j/nhnxjjm

You're a brother or a sister and you're a n s w e r i n g the phone.


Say your brother/sister isn't in a n d take a message.
A: Say heLLo.
B: Say your a m e and say you w a n t t o s p e a k t o y o u r f r i e n d .
A: Say he/she isn't here. Choose a Location and say w h e r e he/she is. Ask to t a k e a message
B: A n s w e r yes. Choose a n event a n d ask A to teLL your friend.
A: Ask w h e n B is going (day and t i m e ) .
B: TeLL A w h e n it is a n d a s k A to teLL your friend to caLL y o u .
A: Agree t o d o t h a t .
B: End the phone caLL poLiteLy.
A: End the phone caLL poLiteLy.

Location of brother/sister
piano Lesson
dentist
park

119

Fluency cards

You're a customer in a cLothes shop.

You w o r k in a cLothes shop.

You're taLking to a shop a s s i s t a n t about

You're responding to t h e customer.

t h e cLothes you'd Like to t r y on.

Choose appropriate responses.

changing rooms I where':


trousers I smaller

size?
This one s size

shorts I size 156? j


^I'll
^

The changing rooms are over


there I on the ieft I on the right
^J^Sure.
^

buy...

Here you are.


Yes, ofcourse.

I'm sorry. We haven't


got your size.

Thank you! Bye.

You're doing a survey about computers.

The sheet beLow contains nformation

Ask A questions.

about your use of computers. A n s w e r B's


questions.

j^use

computers
computer

I ever?
Computer survey

at home?

use a computer/

uses computers? S

where?

has computer at home? S


where is computer used? nxyrae,
how often used? lAoee, t/meo

how often? j
avourite website?

what for?

IWI/T^

a, uix=/Jc

reason for use? fio-rr\e/u3<>a<L, e/raa<i


favourite website? \&^&A^Ms*cjv.owr\
:

You're phoning your f r i e n d , but he/she isn't in. You're taLking to his/her brother/sister
a n d asking h i m / h e r t o t a k e a message. M a k e a ringing noise to prompt A t o s t a r t .

A : Say heLLo.
B: S a y your a m e a n d say you w a n t to s p e a k t o your friend.
A : Say he/she isn't here. Choose a Location a n d s a y w h e r e he/she is. Ask to take a message.
B: A n s w e r yes. Choose an event a n d ask A to teLL your friend.
A : Ask w h e n B is going (day a n d t i m e ) .

Event

B:TeLL A w h e n it is and a s k A t o teLL your friend to caLL y o u .

fiLm Aiiens are

A : Agree t o d o t h a t .
B: End the phone caLL poLiteLy.
A : End the phone caLL poLiteLy.

coming

voLLeybaLL m a t c h
dancing competition

I r r e g u l a r verbs
Past participle

Base form

Past simpLe

Past participle

Base form

Past s i m p l e

be

was/were

been

leave

left

left

become

bec ame

become

lie

la y

lain

begin

began

begun

lose

lost

lost
made

break

broke

broker)

make

made

bring

brought

brought

meet

met

met

build

built

bult

pay

paid

paid

burn

burnt

burnt

put

put

put

buy

bought

bought

read

read

read

catch

caught

caught

ride

rod

ridden

choose

chose

chosen

ring

rang

rung

come

carne

come

run

ran

run

cost

cost

cost

say

said

said

cut

cut

cut

see

saw

seen

do

did

done

sell

sold

sold

dream

dreamt

dreamt

send

sent

sent

drink

drank

drunk

show

showed

shown

drive

drove

driven

sing

sang

sung

eat

ate

eaten

sink

sank

sunk

fall

fell

fallen

sit

sat

sat

feed

fed

fed

sleep

slept

slept

feel

felt

felt

smell

smelt

smelt

find

found

f o und

speak

spoke

spoken

fly

fLew

flown

spend

spent

spend

get

got

got

steal

stole

s to l e n

give

gave

given

stick

stuck

stuck

go

went

gone/been

swim

swam

swum

grow

gr ew

grown

take

took

taken
taught

have

had

had

teac h

taught

hear

heard

heard

tell

told

told

hide

hid

hidden

think

thought

thought

hit

hit

hit

throw

threw

thrown

hoLd

held

held

understand

understood

understood

hurt

hurt

hurt

w a k e up

w o k e up

w o k e n up

keep

kept

kept

wear

wore

wore

know

knew

known

win

won

won

Learn

Learnt

learnt

write

wrote

written